Abstract

A cost-effective and smooth evolution scheme from a time-division multiplexing-passive optical network (TDM-PON) to a WDM-overlaid PON that can provide high-speed fiber-to-the-home service to a wide area with a high population density is proposed. Existing optical transmitters of TDM-PON optical network units (ONUs) are reusable by employing a wavelength-conversion node at the ONU site, which transforms the wavelength of each ONU to a predefined WDM wavelength. A specially designed optical router is needed at a remote node site; it should broadcast downstream signals to each ONU, routing upstream ONU signals to a wavelength-conversion node and passing the wavelength-converted signal to an optical line terminal. A simple but efficient remote node structure is proposed. A wavelength conversion node should be designed carefully since it repeats burst-mode signals from multiple ONUs. A 2R repeater-based wavelength conversion node is suggested. Performance of various schemes is analyzed and their measurement results are provided.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. Shinohara, “Broadband access in Japan: rapidly growing FTTH market,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 43(9), 72-78 (2005).
  2. M. Tsubokawa, “Flexible access technologies to upgrade PONs,” in Proceedings of the Optoelectronics and Communication Conference (2007), pp. 8-9.
  3. O. Ishida, “Ethernet optical interfaces: today and tomorrow,” tutorial presented at the Optoelectronics and Communication Conference, Kanagawa, Japan, July 9-13, 2007.
  4. A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “A review of WDM-PON technologies for broadband access,” J. Opt. Netw. 11, 737-758 (2005).
  5. R. D. Feldman, E. E. Harstead, S. Jiang, T. H. Wood, and M. Zirngibl, “An evaluation of architectures incorporating wavelength division multiplexing for broad-band fiber access,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1546-1559 (1998).
  6. G. Maier, M. Martinelli, A. Pattavina, and E. Salvadori, “Design and cost performance of the multistage WDM-PON access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 125-143 (2000).
  7. S. J. Park, C. H. Lee, K. T. Jeong, H. J. Park, J. G. Ahn, and K. H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 2582-2590 (2004).
  8. IEEE 802.3ah, “Media access control parameters, physical layers, and management parameters for subscriber access networks” (IEEE, 2004).
  9. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 1997), pp. 172-174.

2005

H. Shinohara, “Broadband access in Japan: rapidly growing FTTH market,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 43(9), 72-78 (2005).

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “A review of WDM-PON technologies for broadband access,” J. Opt. Netw. 11, 737-758 (2005).

2004

S. J. Park, C. H. Lee, K. T. Jeong, H. J. Park, J. G. Ahn, and K. H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 2582-2590 (2004).

2000

G. Maier, M. Martinelli, A. Pattavina, and E. Salvadori, “Design and cost performance of the multistage WDM-PON access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 125-143 (2000).

1998

R. D. Feldman, E. E. Harstead, S. Jiang, T. H. Wood, and M. Zirngibl, “An evaluation of architectures incorporating wavelength division multiplexing for broad-band fiber access,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1546-1559 (1998).

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 1997), pp. 172-174.

Ahn, J. G.

S. J. Park, C. H. Lee, K. T. Jeong, H. J. Park, J. G. Ahn, and K. H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 2582-2590 (2004).

Banerjee, A.

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “A review of WDM-PON technologies for broadband access,” J. Opt. Netw. 11, 737-758 (2005).

Clarke, F.

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “A review of WDM-PON technologies for broadband access,” J. Opt. Netw. 11, 737-758 (2005).

Feldman, R. D.

R. D. Feldman, E. E. Harstead, S. Jiang, T. H. Wood, and M. Zirngibl, “An evaluation of architectures incorporating wavelength division multiplexing for broad-band fiber access,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1546-1559 (1998).

Harstead, E. E.

R. D. Feldman, E. E. Harstead, S. Jiang, T. H. Wood, and M. Zirngibl, “An evaluation of architectures incorporating wavelength division multiplexing for broad-band fiber access,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1546-1559 (1998).

Ishida, O.

O. Ishida, “Ethernet optical interfaces: today and tomorrow,” tutorial presented at the Optoelectronics and Communication Conference, Kanagawa, Japan, July 9-13, 2007.

Jeong, K. T.

S. J. Park, C. H. Lee, K. T. Jeong, H. J. Park, J. G. Ahn, and K. H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 2582-2590 (2004).

Jiang, S.

R. D. Feldman, E. E. Harstead, S. Jiang, T. H. Wood, and M. Zirngibl, “An evaluation of architectures incorporating wavelength division multiplexing for broad-band fiber access,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1546-1559 (1998).

Kim, K.

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “A review of WDM-PON technologies for broadband access,” J. Opt. Netw. 11, 737-758 (2005).

Kramer, G.

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “A review of WDM-PON technologies for broadband access,” J. Opt. Netw. 11, 737-758 (2005).

Lee, C. H.

S. J. Park, C. H. Lee, K. T. Jeong, H. J. Park, J. G. Ahn, and K. H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 2582-2590 (2004).

Maier, G.

G. Maier, M. Martinelli, A. Pattavina, and E. Salvadori, “Design and cost performance of the multistage WDM-PON access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 125-143 (2000).

Martinelli, M.

G. Maier, M. Martinelli, A. Pattavina, and E. Salvadori, “Design and cost performance of the multistage WDM-PON access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 125-143 (2000).

Mukherjee, B.

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “A review of WDM-PON technologies for broadband access,” J. Opt. Netw. 11, 737-758 (2005).

Park, H. J.

S. J. Park, C. H. Lee, K. T. Jeong, H. J. Park, J. G. Ahn, and K. H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 2582-2590 (2004).

Park, S. J.

S. J. Park, C. H. Lee, K. T. Jeong, H. J. Park, J. G. Ahn, and K. H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 2582-2590 (2004).

Park, Y.

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “A review of WDM-PON technologies for broadband access,” J. Opt. Netw. 11, 737-758 (2005).

Pattavina, A.

G. Maier, M. Martinelli, A. Pattavina, and E. Salvadori, “Design and cost performance of the multistage WDM-PON access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 125-143 (2000).

Salvadori, E.

G. Maier, M. Martinelli, A. Pattavina, and E. Salvadori, “Design and cost performance of the multistage WDM-PON access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 125-143 (2000).

Shinohara, H.

H. Shinohara, “Broadband access in Japan: rapidly growing FTTH market,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 43(9), 72-78 (2005).

Song, H.

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “A review of WDM-PON technologies for broadband access,” J. Opt. Netw. 11, 737-758 (2005).

Song, K. H.

S. J. Park, C. H. Lee, K. T. Jeong, H. J. Park, J. G. Ahn, and K. H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 2582-2590 (2004).

Tsubokawa, M.

M. Tsubokawa, “Flexible access technologies to upgrade PONs,” in Proceedings of the Optoelectronics and Communication Conference (2007), pp. 8-9.

Wood, T. H.

R. D. Feldman, E. E. Harstead, S. Jiang, T. H. Wood, and M. Zirngibl, “An evaluation of architectures incorporating wavelength division multiplexing for broad-band fiber access,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1546-1559 (1998).

Yang, S.

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “A review of WDM-PON technologies for broadband access,” J. Opt. Netw. 11, 737-758 (2005).

Zirngibl, M.

R. D. Feldman, E. E. Harstead, S. Jiang, T. H. Wood, and M. Zirngibl, “An evaluation of architectures incorporating wavelength division multiplexing for broad-band fiber access,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1546-1559 (1998).

IEEE Commun. Mag.

H. Shinohara, “Broadband access in Japan: rapidly growing FTTH market,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 43(9), 72-78 (2005).

J. Lightwave Technol.

R. D. Feldman, E. E. Harstead, S. Jiang, T. H. Wood, and M. Zirngibl, “An evaluation of architectures incorporating wavelength division multiplexing for broad-band fiber access,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1546-1559 (1998).

G. Maier, M. Martinelli, A. Pattavina, and E. Salvadori, “Design and cost performance of the multistage WDM-PON access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 125-143 (2000).

S. J. Park, C. H. Lee, K. T. Jeong, H. J. Park, J. G. Ahn, and K. H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 2582-2590 (2004).

J. Opt. Netw.

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “A review of WDM-PON technologies for broadband access,” J. Opt. Netw. 11, 737-758 (2005).

Other

M. Tsubokawa, “Flexible access technologies to upgrade PONs,” in Proceedings of the Optoelectronics and Communication Conference (2007), pp. 8-9.

O. Ishida, “Ethernet optical interfaces: today and tomorrow,” tutorial presented at the Optoelectronics and Communication Conference, Kanagawa, Japan, July 9-13, 2007.

IEEE 802.3ah, “Media access control parameters, physical layers, and management parameters for subscriber access networks” (IEEE, 2004).

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 1997), pp. 172-174.

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