Abstract

<p><a href="http://jon.osa.org/virtual_issue.cfm?vid=31">Feature Issue on Transmission in Optically Transparent Core Networks</a></p>An experimental investigation of optically gain-clamped Er-doped fiber amplifiers (EDFAs) for application in dynamic burst-switched networks is presented. We characterize the performance of optically gain-clamped EDFAs, in terms of the signal quality of surviving channels with respect to input power variations, as a function of the feedback cavity loss. This is carried out for both a single EDFA as well as cascaded EDFAs in a realistic network scenario, where bursts are asynchronously added and dropped at each node. We show that the optimum feedback cavity loss is not only a function of input power fluctuation and feedback wavelength but also the number of hops through the network.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. Bayvel and M. Dueser, ''Optical burst switching: research and applications,'' in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FO1.
  2. B. Puttnam, M. Dueser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, A. Bianciotto, R. Gaudino, G. Busico, L. Ponnampalam, D. Robbins, and N. Whitbread, ''Burst mode operation of a DS-DBR widely tunable laser for wavelength agile system applications,'' in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2006), Paper OW186.
  3. B. C. Thomsen, B. Puttnam, and P. Bayvel, ''A 10 Gb/s digital burst mode receiver,'' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2007), Paper 0ThK5.
  4. K. Schneider and H. Zimmermann, ''Optical burst-mode receivers for passive optical networks,'' in Electron Devices for Microwave and Optoelectronic Applications (EDMO 2004) (IEEE, 2004) pp. 60-65.
  5. A. Bianciotto, A. Carena, V. Ferrero, and R. Gaudino, ''EDFA gain transients: experimental demonstration of a low cost electronic control,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1351-1353 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, R. S. Tucker, and Y. J. Wen, ''EDFA transient control based on envelope detection for optical burst switched networks,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 226-228 (2005).
  7. A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. L. Zyskind, and J. W. Sulhoff, ''EDFA transient response to channel loss in WDM transmission system,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 386-388 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Lieu, T. Cechan, and T. Naito, ''Transmission and interactions of WDM burst signals in cascaded EDFAs,'' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OTuD5.
  9. H. S. Chung, J. C. Lee, M. J. Chu, J. H. Lee, and H. H. Lee, ''Reduction of relaxation oscillations in optical automatic gain-clamped EDFA using fast electronic feedforward,'' Electron. Lett. 38, 215-217 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Zirngibl, ''Gain control in EDFAs by an all-optical feedback loop,'' Electron. Lett. 27, 560-561 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. Subramaniam, M. A. Mahdi, P. Poopalan, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, ''All-optical gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier with laser filtering technique,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 785-787 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. Luo, J. L. Zyskind, J. A. Nagel, and M. A. Ali, ''Experimental and theoretical analysis of RO and SHB effects in all-optical gain-clamped EDFAs for WDM networks,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 527-533 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. H. Thomas and J. P. von der Weid, ''Dynamic gain-instabilities in gain clamped EDFA,'' in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2004), pp. 546-547.
  14. D. H. Richards, J. L. Jackel, and M. A. Ali, ''A theoretical investigation of dynamic all-optical automatic gain control in multichannel EDFAs and EDFA cascades,'' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1027-1036 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Karasek, M. Menif, and L. A. Rusch, ''Output power excursions in a cascade of EDFAs fed by multichannel burst-mode packet traffic: experimentation and modeling,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 933-940 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Chung and S. Y. Kim, ''Dynamic performance of the all-optical gain-controlled EDFA cascade in multiwavelength add/drop networks,'' in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 1997), pp. 139-142.
  17. S. J. Lee, ''A new non-data-aided feedforward symbol timing estimator using two samples per symbol,'' IEEE Commun. Lett. 6, 205-207 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  18. F. M. Gardner, ''Interpolation in digital modems--Part I: fundamentals,'' IEEE Trans. Commun. 41, 501-507 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

B. C. Thomsen, B. Puttnam, and P. Bayvel, ''A 10 Gb/s digital burst mode receiver,'' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2007), Paper 0ThK5.

2006 (2)

B. Puttnam, M. Dueser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, A. Bianciotto, R. Gaudino, G. Busico, L. Ponnampalam, D. Robbins, and N. Whitbread, ''Burst mode operation of a DS-DBR widely tunable laser for wavelength agile system applications,'' in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2006), Paper OW186.

A. Lieu, T. Cechan, and T. Naito, ''Transmission and interactions of WDM burst signals in cascaded EDFAs,'' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OTuD5.

2005 (1)

A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, R. S. Tucker, and Y. J. Wen, ''EDFA transient control based on envelope detection for optical burst switched networks,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 226-228 (2005).

2004 (3)

P. Bayvel and M. Dueser, ''Optical burst switching: research and applications,'' in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FO1.

K. Schneider and H. Zimmermann, ''Optical burst-mode receivers for passive optical networks,'' in Electron Devices for Microwave and Optoelectronic Applications (EDMO 2004) (IEEE, 2004) pp. 60-65.

D. H. Thomas and J. P. von der Weid, ''Dynamic gain-instabilities in gain clamped EDFA,'' in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2004), pp. 546-547.

2003 (1)

A. Bianciotto, A. Carena, V. Ferrero, and R. Gaudino, ''EDFA gain transients: experimental demonstration of a low cost electronic control,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1351-1353 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

H. S. Chung, J. C. Lee, M. J. Chu, J. H. Lee, and H. H. Lee, ''Reduction of relaxation oscillations in optical automatic gain-clamped EDFA using fast electronic feedforward,'' Electron. Lett. 38, 215-217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Lee, ''A new non-data-aided feedforward symbol timing estimator using two samples per symbol,'' IEEE Commun. Lett. 6, 205-207 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

M. Karasek, M. Menif, and L. A. Rusch, ''Output power excursions in a cascade of EDFAs fed by multichannel burst-mode packet traffic: experimentation and modeling,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 933-940 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Subramaniam, M. A. Mahdi, P. Poopalan, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, ''All-optical gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier with laser filtering technique,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 785-787 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (3)

D. H. Richards, J. L. Jackel, and M. A. Ali, ''A theoretical investigation of dynamic all-optical automatic gain control in multichannel EDFAs and EDFA cascades,'' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1027-1036 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Chung and S. Y. Kim, ''Dynamic performance of the all-optical gain-controlled EDFA cascade in multiwavelength add/drop networks,'' in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 1997), pp. 139-142.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. L. Zyskind, and J. W. Sulhoff, ''EDFA transient response to channel loss in WDM transmission system,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 386-388 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

F. M. Gardner, ''Interpolation in digital modems--Part I: fundamentals,'' IEEE Trans. Commun. 41, 501-507 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

M. Zirngibl, ''Gain control in EDFAs by an all-optical feedback loop,'' Electron. Lett. 27, 560-561 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, H.

T. Subramaniam, M. A. Mahdi, P. Poopalan, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, ''All-optical gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier with laser filtering technique,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 785-787 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ali, M. A.

G. Luo, J. L. Zyskind, J. A. Nagel, and M. A. Ali, ''Experimental and theoretical analysis of RO and SHB effects in all-optical gain-clamped EDFAs for WDM networks,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 527-533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Richards, J. L. Jackel, and M. A. Ali, ''A theoretical investigation of dynamic all-optical automatic gain control in multichannel EDFAs and EDFA cascades,'' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1027-1036 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bayvel, P.

B. C. Thomsen, B. Puttnam, and P. Bayvel, ''A 10 Gb/s digital burst mode receiver,'' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2007), Paper 0ThK5.

B. Puttnam, M. Dueser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, A. Bianciotto, R. Gaudino, G. Busico, L. Ponnampalam, D. Robbins, and N. Whitbread, ''Burst mode operation of a DS-DBR widely tunable laser for wavelength agile system applications,'' in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2006), Paper OW186.

P. Bayvel and M. Dueser, ''Optical burst switching: research and applications,'' in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FO1.

Bianciotto, A.

B. Puttnam, M. Dueser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, A. Bianciotto, R. Gaudino, G. Busico, L. Ponnampalam, D. Robbins, and N. Whitbread, ''Burst mode operation of a DS-DBR widely tunable laser for wavelength agile system applications,'' in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2006), Paper OW186.

A. Bianciotto, A. Carena, V. Ferrero, and R. Gaudino, ''EDFA gain transients: experimental demonstration of a low cost electronic control,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1351-1353 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Busico, G.

B. Puttnam, M. Dueser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, A. Bianciotto, R. Gaudino, G. Busico, L. Ponnampalam, D. Robbins, and N. Whitbread, ''Burst mode operation of a DS-DBR widely tunable laser for wavelength agile system applications,'' in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2006), Paper OW186.

Carena, A.

A. Bianciotto, A. Carena, V. Ferrero, and R. Gaudino, ''EDFA gain transients: experimental demonstration of a low cost electronic control,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1351-1353 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cechan, T.

A. Lieu, T. Cechan, and T. Naito, ''Transmission and interactions of WDM burst signals in cascaded EDFAs,'' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OTuD5.

Chae, C.-J.

A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, R. S. Tucker, and Y. J. Wen, ''EDFA transient control based on envelope detection for optical burst switched networks,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 226-228 (2005).

Chu, M. J.

H. S. Chung, J. C. Lee, M. J. Chu, J. H. Lee, and H. H. Lee, ''Reduction of relaxation oscillations in optical automatic gain-clamped EDFA using fast electronic feedforward,'' Electron. Lett. 38, 215-217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chung, H. S.

H. S. Chung, J. C. Lee, M. J. Chu, J. H. Lee, and H. H. Lee, ''Reduction of relaxation oscillations in optical automatic gain-clamped EDFA using fast electronic feedforward,'' Electron. Lett. 38, 215-217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chung, J.

J. Chung and S. Y. Kim, ''Dynamic performance of the all-optical gain-controlled EDFA cascade in multiwavelength add/drop networks,'' in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 1997), pp. 139-142.

Dueser, M.

B. Puttnam, M. Dueser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, A. Bianciotto, R. Gaudino, G. Busico, L. Ponnampalam, D. Robbins, and N. Whitbread, ''Burst mode operation of a DS-DBR widely tunable laser for wavelength agile system applications,'' in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2006), Paper OW186.

P. Bayvel and M. Dueser, ''Optical burst switching: research and applications,'' in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FO1.

Ferrero, V.

A. Bianciotto, A. Carena, V. Ferrero, and R. Gaudino, ''EDFA gain transients: experimental demonstration of a low cost electronic control,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1351-1353 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gardner, F. M.

F. M. Gardner, ''Interpolation in digital modems--Part I: fundamentals,'' IEEE Trans. Commun. 41, 501-507 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gaudino, R.

B. Puttnam, M. Dueser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, A. Bianciotto, R. Gaudino, G. Busico, L. Ponnampalam, D. Robbins, and N. Whitbread, ''Burst mode operation of a DS-DBR widely tunable laser for wavelength agile system applications,'' in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2006), Paper OW186.

A. Bianciotto, A. Carena, V. Ferrero, and R. Gaudino, ''EDFA gain transients: experimental demonstration of a low cost electronic control,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1351-1353 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Harun, S. W.

T. Subramaniam, M. A. Mahdi, P. Poopalan, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, ''All-optical gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier with laser filtering technique,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 785-787 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jackel, J. L.

D. H. Richards, J. L. Jackel, and M. A. Ali, ''A theoretical investigation of dynamic all-optical automatic gain control in multichannel EDFAs and EDFA cascades,'' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1027-1036 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Karasek, M.

Kim, S. Y.

J. Chung and S. Y. Kim, ''Dynamic performance of the all-optical gain-controlled EDFA cascade in multiwavelength add/drop networks,'' in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 1997), pp. 139-142.

Lee, H. H.

H. S. Chung, J. C. Lee, M. J. Chu, J. H. Lee, and H. H. Lee, ''Reduction of relaxation oscillations in optical automatic gain-clamped EDFA using fast electronic feedforward,'' Electron. Lett. 38, 215-217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. C.

H. S. Chung, J. C. Lee, M. J. Chu, J. H. Lee, and H. H. Lee, ''Reduction of relaxation oscillations in optical automatic gain-clamped EDFA using fast electronic feedforward,'' Electron. Lett. 38, 215-217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

H. S. Chung, J. C. Lee, M. J. Chu, J. H. Lee, and H. H. Lee, ''Reduction of relaxation oscillations in optical automatic gain-clamped EDFA using fast electronic feedforward,'' Electron. Lett. 38, 215-217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. J.

S. J. Lee, ''A new non-data-aided feedforward symbol timing estimator using two samples per symbol,'' IEEE Commun. Lett. 6, 205-207 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lieu, A.

A. Lieu, T. Cechan, and T. Naito, ''Transmission and interactions of WDM burst signals in cascaded EDFAs,'' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OTuD5.

Luo, G.

Mahdi, M. A.

T. Subramaniam, M. A. Mahdi, P. Poopalan, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, ''All-optical gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier with laser filtering technique,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 785-787 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Menif, M.

Nagel, J. A.

Naito, T.

A. Lieu, T. Cechan, and T. Naito, ''Transmission and interactions of WDM burst signals in cascaded EDFAs,'' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OTuD5.

Ponnampalam, L.

B. Puttnam, M. Dueser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, A. Bianciotto, R. Gaudino, G. Busico, L. Ponnampalam, D. Robbins, and N. Whitbread, ''Burst mode operation of a DS-DBR widely tunable laser for wavelength agile system applications,'' in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2006), Paper OW186.

Poopalan, P.

T. Subramaniam, M. A. Mahdi, P. Poopalan, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, ''All-optical gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier with laser filtering technique,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 785-787 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Puttnam, B.

B. C. Thomsen, B. Puttnam, and P. Bayvel, ''A 10 Gb/s digital burst mode receiver,'' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2007), Paper 0ThK5.

B. Puttnam, M. Dueser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, A. Bianciotto, R. Gaudino, G. Busico, L. Ponnampalam, D. Robbins, and N. Whitbread, ''Burst mode operation of a DS-DBR widely tunable laser for wavelength agile system applications,'' in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2006), Paper OW186.

Richards, D. H.

D. H. Richards, J. L. Jackel, and M. A. Ali, ''A theoretical investigation of dynamic all-optical automatic gain control in multichannel EDFAs and EDFA cascades,'' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1027-1036 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Robbins, D.

B. Puttnam, M. Dueser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, A. Bianciotto, R. Gaudino, G. Busico, L. Ponnampalam, D. Robbins, and N. Whitbread, ''Burst mode operation of a DS-DBR widely tunable laser for wavelength agile system applications,'' in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2006), Paper OW186.

Rusch, L. A.

Schneider, K.

K. Schneider and H. Zimmermann, ''Optical burst-mode receivers for passive optical networks,'' in Electron Devices for Microwave and Optoelectronic Applications (EDMO 2004) (IEEE, 2004) pp. 60-65.

Srivastava, A. K.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. L. Zyskind, and J. W. Sulhoff, ''EDFA transient response to channel loss in WDM transmission system,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 386-388 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Subramaniam, T.

T. Subramaniam, M. A. Mahdi, P. Poopalan, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, ''All-optical gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier with laser filtering technique,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 785-787 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sulhoff, J. W.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. L. Zyskind, and J. W. Sulhoff, ''EDFA transient response to channel loss in WDM transmission system,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 386-388 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. L. Zyskind, and J. W. Sulhoff, ''EDFA transient response to channel loss in WDM transmission system,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 386-388 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, D. H.

D. H. Thomas and J. P. von der Weid, ''Dynamic gain-instabilities in gain clamped EDFA,'' in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2004), pp. 546-547.

Thomsen, B.

B. Puttnam, M. Dueser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, A. Bianciotto, R. Gaudino, G. Busico, L. Ponnampalam, D. Robbins, and N. Whitbread, ''Burst mode operation of a DS-DBR widely tunable laser for wavelength agile system applications,'' in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2006), Paper OW186.

Thomsen, B. C.

B. C. Thomsen, B. Puttnam, and P. Bayvel, ''A 10 Gb/s digital burst mode receiver,'' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2007), Paper 0ThK5.

Tran, A. V.

A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, R. S. Tucker, and Y. J. Wen, ''EDFA transient control based on envelope detection for optical burst switched networks,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 226-228 (2005).

Tucker, R. S.

A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, R. S. Tucker, and Y. J. Wen, ''EDFA transient control based on envelope detection for optical burst switched networks,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 226-228 (2005).

von der Weid, J. P.

D. H. Thomas and J. P. von der Weid, ''Dynamic gain-instabilities in gain clamped EDFA,'' in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2004), pp. 546-547.

Wen, Y. J.

A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, R. S. Tucker, and Y. J. Wen, ''EDFA transient control based on envelope detection for optical burst switched networks,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 226-228 (2005).

Whitbread, N.

B. Puttnam, M. Dueser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, A. Bianciotto, R. Gaudino, G. Busico, L. Ponnampalam, D. Robbins, and N. Whitbread, ''Burst mode operation of a DS-DBR widely tunable laser for wavelength agile system applications,'' in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2006), Paper OW186.

Zimmermann, H.

K. Schneider and H. Zimmermann, ''Optical burst-mode receivers for passive optical networks,'' in Electron Devices for Microwave and Optoelectronic Applications (EDMO 2004) (IEEE, 2004) pp. 60-65.

Zirngibl, M.

M. Zirngibl, ''Gain control in EDFAs by an all-optical feedback loop,'' Electron. Lett. 27, 560-561 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zyskind, J. L.

G. Luo, J. L. Zyskind, J. A. Nagel, and M. A. Ali, ''Experimental and theoretical analysis of RO and SHB effects in all-optical gain-clamped EDFAs for WDM networks,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 527-533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. L. Zyskind, and J. W. Sulhoff, ''EDFA transient response to channel loss in WDM transmission system,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 386-388 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

H. S. Chung, J. C. Lee, M. J. Chu, J. H. Lee, and H. H. Lee, ''Reduction of relaxation oscillations in optical automatic gain-clamped EDFA using fast electronic feedforward,'' Electron. Lett. 38, 215-217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Zirngibl, ''Gain control in EDFAs by an all-optical feedback loop,'' Electron. Lett. 27, 560-561 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Lett. (1)

S. J. Lee, ''A new non-data-aided feedforward symbol timing estimator using two samples per symbol,'' IEEE Commun. Lett. 6, 205-207 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. H. Richards, J. L. Jackel, and M. A. Ali, ''A theoretical investigation of dynamic all-optical automatic gain control in multichannel EDFAs and EDFA cascades,'' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1027-1036 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

T. Subramaniam, M. A. Mahdi, P. Poopalan, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, ''All-optical gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier with laser filtering technique,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 785-787 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Bianciotto, A. Carena, V. Ferrero, and R. Gaudino, ''EDFA gain transients: experimental demonstration of a low cost electronic control,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1351-1353 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, R. S. Tucker, and Y. J. Wen, ''EDFA transient control based on envelope detection for optical burst switched networks,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 226-228 (2005).

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. L. Zyskind, and J. W. Sulhoff, ''EDFA transient response to channel loss in WDM transmission system,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 386-388 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

F. M. Gardner, ''Interpolation in digital modems--Part I: fundamentals,'' IEEE Trans. Commun. 41, 501-507 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Other (7)

D. H. Thomas and J. P. von der Weid, ''Dynamic gain-instabilities in gain clamped EDFA,'' in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2004), pp. 546-547.

A. Lieu, T. Cechan, and T. Naito, ''Transmission and interactions of WDM burst signals in cascaded EDFAs,'' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OTuD5.

P. Bayvel and M. Dueser, ''Optical burst switching: research and applications,'' in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FO1.

B. Puttnam, M. Dueser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, A. Bianciotto, R. Gaudino, G. Busico, L. Ponnampalam, D. Robbins, and N. Whitbread, ''Burst mode operation of a DS-DBR widely tunable laser for wavelength agile system applications,'' in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2006), Paper OW186.

B. C. Thomsen, B. Puttnam, and P. Bayvel, ''A 10 Gb/s digital burst mode receiver,'' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2007), Paper 0ThK5.

K. Schneider and H. Zimmermann, ''Optical burst-mode receivers for passive optical networks,'' in Electron Devices for Microwave and Optoelectronic Applications (EDMO 2004) (IEEE, 2004) pp. 60-65.

J. Chung and S. Y. Kim, ''Dynamic performance of the all-optical gain-controlled EDFA cascade in multiwavelength add/drop networks,'' in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 1997), pp. 139-142.

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