Abstract

Today's data-centric networks are becoming progressively dynamic with respect to the transported traffic volume, to the spatial and temporal variations of traffic patterns, and to the subsequent interconnection request patterns. Optical packet routers (OPRs) aim to provide a viable answer to these requirements by rendering the optical layer adaptable, reconfigurable at will, and cost-effective by means of statistical multiplexing of the network resources while satisfying end-to-end quality-of-service requirements. We study the role of OPRs in two different network approaches: an OPR adopting the legacy of a telecommunication solution and a solution pertinent to the role and the functionality of an IP world. To benchmark the two scenarios, a multilayer, multigranular OPR architecture is presented and its potential to cost-effectively scale toward petabit-per-second throughput is justified by means of physical layer performance and power consumption estimations for each case. Furthermore, the blocking and frame-loss performance of the proposed OPRs is presented, proving the viability of the proposed solutions.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2008 (1)

A. Stavdas, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Lord, H. C. Lelligou, K. Kanonakis, C. Matrakidis, A. Drakos, and J. D. Angelopoulos, “Dynamic CANON: a scalable inter-cluster multi-domain core network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 46(6), 138-144 (2008).

2007 (3)

A. Stavdas, C. Matrakidis, and C. Politi, “Migration of broadcast-and-select optical crossconnects from semi-static to dynamic reconfiguration and their physical layer modeling,” Opt. Commun. 280, 49-57 (2007).

J. D. Angelopoulos, K. Kanonakis, G. Koukouvakis, H. C. Leligou, C. Matrakidis, T. Orphanoudakis, and A. Stavdas, “An optical network architecture with distributed switching inside node clusters features improved loss, efficiency and cost,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1138-1146 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Wada, H. Furukawa, and T. Miyazaki, “Prototype 160-Gbit/s/port optical packet switch based on optical code label processing and related technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1551-1559 (2007).

2006 (12)

N. Wada, G. Cincotti, S. Yoshima, N. Kataoka, and K. Kitayama, “Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers--part II: experiments and applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 113-121 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, and M. Wu, “1×N2 wavelength selective switch with two cross-scanning one-axis analog micromirror arrays in a 4-f optical system,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 897-903 (2006).

A. Khalil, A. Hadjiantonis, M. Assi, A. Shami, G. Ellinas, and M. Ali, “Dynamic provisioning of low-speed unicast/multicast traffic demands in mesh-based WDM optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 681-693 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Politi, C. Matrakidis, A. Stavdas, D. Gavalas, and M. O'Mahony, “Single layer multigranular OXCs architecture with conversion capability and enhanced flexibility,” J. Opt. Netw. 5, 1002-1012 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Desurvire, “Capacity demands and technology challenges for lightwave systems in the next two decades,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4697-4710 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Ben Yoo, “Optical packet and burst switching technologies for future photonic Internet,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4468-4492 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Tucker, “The role of optics and electronics in high-capacity routers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4655-4673 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Uhlig and M. Robertsson, “Limitations to and solutions for optical loss in optical backplanes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1710-1724 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Leligou, A. Stavdas, J. Angelopoulos, G. Eilenberger, and L. Dembeck, “Hybrid burst/packet switching architectures from IP NOBEL,” Proc. SPIE 6388, 63880C (2006).

Z. Lu, D. Hunter, and I. Henning, “Contention resolution in core optical packet switches through electronic traffic smoothing and scheduling at the network edge,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4828-4837 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Kehayas, D. Tsiokos, P. Bakopoulos, D. Apostolopoulos, D. Petrantonakis, L. Stampoulidis, A. Poustie, R. McDougall, G. Maxwell, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, H. J. S. Dorren, J. Seoane, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, P. Jeppesen, and H. Avramopoulos, “40-Gb/s all-optical processing systems using hybrid photonic integration technology,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4903-4911 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Kehayas, K. Vyrsokinos, L. Stampoulidis, K. Christodoulopoulos, K. Vlachos, and H. Avramopoulos, “ARTEMIS: 40-Gb/s all-optical self-routing node and network architecture employing asynchronous bit and packet-level optical signal processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2967-2977 (2006).

2005 (3)

2003 (6)

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, and P. Pacifici, “A comparison study on the number of wavelength converters needed in synchronous and asynchronous all-optical switching architectures,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 340-355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, S. J. B. Yoo, and S. Dixit, “A unified study of contention-resolution schemes in optical packet-switched networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 672-683 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Stavdas, “Architectures, technology and strategies for gracefully evolving optical packet switching networks,” Opt. Networks Mag. 4(3), 92-107 (2003).

A. Stavdas, S. Sygletos, M. O'Mahoney, H. Lee, and C. Matrakidis, “IST-DAVID: concept presentation and physical layer modeling of the metropolitan area network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 372-383 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Chao, K. Deng, and Z. Jing, “PetaStar: a petabit photonic packet switch,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1096-1112 (2003).

2002 (2)

K. Sato, N. Yamanaka, Y. Takigawa, M. Koga, S. Okamoto, K. Shiomoto, E. Oki, and W. Imajuku, “GMPLS-based photonic multilayer router (Hikari router) architecture, an overview of traffic engineering and signaling technology,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(3), 96-101 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Bishop, C. Giles, and G. Austin, “The Lucent LambdaRouter: MEMS technology of the future here today,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(3), 75-79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. Stavdas, “Architectural solutions towards a 1,000 channel ultra-wideband WDM network,” Opt. Networks Mag. 2(1), 51-60 (2001).

2000 (3)

1999 (3)

A. Stavdas, H. Avramopoulos, E. N. Protonotarios, and J. E. Midwinter, “An OXC architecture suitable for high density WDM wavelength routed networks,” Photonic Network Commun. 1, 77-88 (1999).

L. Sahasrabuddhe and B. Kujherjee, “Light-trees: optical multicasting for improved performance in wavelength routed networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 37(2), 67-73 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Qiao and M. Yoo, “Optical burst switching (OBS)--a new paradigm for an optical internet,” J. High Speed Networks 8, 69-84 (1999).

1998 (2)

E. Varvarigos, “The 'packing' and the 'scheduling packet' switch architectures for almost all-optical lossless networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1757-1767 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. L. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, and L. Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1245-1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

D. Boettle, M. Burzio, P. Cinato, G. Eilenberger, J.-B. Jacob, T. Martinson, F. Masetti, A. Mcguire, M. Sotom, P. Vogel, and J. Benoit, “ATMOS (ATM Optical Switching)--system perspective,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 15, 267-279 (1996).

1994 (1)

D. Blumenthal, P. R. Prucnal, and J. R. Sauer, “Photonic packet switches: architecture and experimental implementations,” Proc. IEEE 82, 761-761 (1994).

1988 (1)

G. Hill, “A wavelength routing approach to optical communication networks,” Br. Telecommun. Technol. J. 6(3), 24-31 (1988).

Ali, M.

An, F.-T.

Andonovic, I.

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. L. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, and L. Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1245-1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Angelopoulos, J.

H. C. Leligou, A. Stavdas, J. Angelopoulos, G. Eilenberger, and L. Dembeck, “Hybrid burst/packet switching architectures from IP NOBEL,” Proc. SPIE 6388, 63880C (2006).

A. Stavdas, H.-C. Leligou, K. Kanonakis, C. Linardakis, and J. Angelopoulos, “A novel scheme for performing statistical multiplexing in the optical layer,” J. Opt. Netw. 4, 237-247 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Angelopoulos, J. D.

A. Stavdas, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Lord, H. C. Lelligou, K. Kanonakis, C. Matrakidis, A. Drakos, and J. D. Angelopoulos, “Dynamic CANON: a scalable inter-cluster multi-domain core network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 46(6), 138-144 (2008).

J. D. Angelopoulos, K. Kanonakis, G. Koukouvakis, H. C. Leligou, C. Matrakidis, T. Orphanoudakis, and A. Stavdas, “An optical network architecture with distributed switching inside node clusters features improved loss, efficiency and cost,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1138-1146 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Apostolopoulos, D.

Assi, M.

Austin, G.

D. Bishop, C. Giles, and G. Austin, “The Lucent LambdaRouter: MEMS technology of the future here today,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(3), 75-79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Avenarious, M.

Avramopoulos, H.

Bakopoulos, P.

Ben Yoo, S. J.

Benoit, J.

D. Boettle, M. Burzio, P. Cinato, G. Eilenberger, J.-B. Jacob, T. Martinson, F. Masetti, A. Mcguire, M. Sotom, P. Vogel, and J. Benoit, “ATMOS (ATM Optical Switching)--system perspective,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 15, 267-279 (1996).

Berde, B.

L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bishop, D.

D. Bishop, C. Giles, and G. Austin, “The Lucent LambdaRouter: MEMS technology of the future here today,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(3), 75-79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Blumenthal, D.

D. Blumenthal, P. R. Prucnal, and J. R. Sauer, “Photonic packet switches: architecture and experimental implementations,” Proc. IEEE 82, 761-761 (1994).

Boettle, D.

D. Boettle, M. Burzio, P. Cinato, G. Eilenberger, J.-B. Jacob, T. Martinson, F. Masetti, A. Mcguire, M. Sotom, P. Vogel, and J. Benoit, “ATMOS (ATM Optical Switching)--system perspective,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 15, 267-279 (1996).

Bostica, B.

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. L. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, and L. Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1245-1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Burzio, M.

D. Boettle, M. Burzio, P. Cinato, G. Eilenberger, J.-B. Jacob, T. Martinson, F. Masetti, A. Mcguire, M. Sotom, P. Vogel, and J. Benoit, “ATMOS (ATM Optical Switching)--system perspective,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 15, 267-279 (1996).

Callegati, F.

L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. L. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, and L. Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1245-1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chao, H.

H. Chao, K. Deng, and Z. Jing, “PetaStar: a petabit photonic packet switch,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1096-1112 (2003).

Chaudhuri, S.

Chiaroni, D.

L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. L. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, and L. Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1245-1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Christodoulopoulos, K.

Cinato, P.

D. Boettle, M. Burzio, P. Cinato, G. Eilenberger, J.-B. Jacob, T. Martinson, F. Masetti, A. Mcguire, M. Sotom, P. Vogel, and J. Benoit, “ATMOS (ATM Optical Switching)--system perspective,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 15, 267-279 (1996).

Cincotti, G.

Corazza, G.

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P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. L. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, and L. Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1245-1259 (1998).
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L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
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L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
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L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
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A. Stavdas, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Lord, H. C. Lelligou, K. Kanonakis, C. Matrakidis, A. Drakos, and J. D. Angelopoulos, “Dynamic CANON: a scalable inter-cluster multi-domain core network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 46(6), 138-144 (2008).

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H. C. Leligou, A. Stavdas, J. Angelopoulos, G. Eilenberger, and L. Dembeck, “Hybrid burst/packet switching architectures from IP NOBEL,” Proc. SPIE 6388, 63880C (2006).

L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
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F. Farahmand, V. Vokkarane, and J. P. Jue, “Practical priority contention resolution for slotted optical burst switching networks,” presented at the 1st International Workshop on Optical Burst Switching (WOBS 2003), Dallas, Tex., October 13-18, 2003.

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N. Wada, H. Furukawa, and T. Miyazaki, “Prototype 160-Gbit/s/port optical packet switch based on optical code label processing and related technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1551-1559 (2007).

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P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. L. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, and L. Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1245-1259 (1998).
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P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. L. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, and L. Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1245-1259 (1998).
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P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. L. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, and L. Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1245-1259 (1998).
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P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. L. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, and L. Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1245-1259 (1998).
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P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. L. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, and L. Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1245-1259 (1998).
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Jing, Z.

H. Chao, K. Deng, and Z. Jing, “PetaStar: a petabit photonic packet switch,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1096-1112 (2003).

Jue, J. P.

F. Farahmand, V. Vokkarane, and J. P. Jue, “Practical priority contention resolution for slotted optical burst switching networks,” presented at the 1st International Workshop on Optical Burst Switching (WOBS 2003), Dallas, Tex., October 13-18, 2003.

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Kataoka, N.

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P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. L. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, and L. Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1245-1259 (1998).
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L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
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K. Sato, N. Yamanaka, Y. Takigawa, M. Koga, S. Okamoto, K. Shiomoto, E. Oki, and W. Imajuku, “GMPLS-based photonic multilayer router (Hikari router) architecture, an overview of traffic engineering and signaling technology,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(3), 96-101 (2002).
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Krahenbuhl, R.

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. L. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, and L. Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1245-1259 (1998).
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L. Sahasrabuddhe and B. Kujherjee, “Light-trees: optical multicasting for improved performance in wavelength routed networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 37(2), 67-73 (1999).
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L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
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L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
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Lelligou, H. C.

A. Stavdas, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Lord, H. C. Lelligou, K. Kanonakis, C. Matrakidis, A. Drakos, and J. D. Angelopoulos, “Dynamic CANON: a scalable inter-cluster multi-domain core network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 46(6), 138-144 (2008).

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Lomone, D.

W. Wei, Q. Zeng, Y. Ouyang, and D. Lomone, “High-performance hybrid-switching optical router for IP over WDM integration,” Photonic Network Commun. 9, 139-155 (2005).

Lord, A.

A. Stavdas, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Lord, H. C. Lelligou, K. Kanonakis, C. Matrakidis, A. Drakos, and J. D. Angelopoulos, “Dynamic CANON: a scalable inter-cluster multi-domain core network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 46(6), 138-144 (2008).

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Mahony, M.

L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
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D. Boettle, M. Burzio, P. Cinato, G. Eilenberger, J.-B. Jacob, T. Martinson, F. Masetti, A. Mcguire, M. Sotom, P. Vogel, and J. Benoit, “ATMOS (ATM Optical Switching)--system perspective,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 15, 267-279 (1996).

Masetti, F.

D. Boettle, M. Burzio, P. Cinato, G. Eilenberger, J.-B. Jacob, T. Martinson, F. Masetti, A. Mcguire, M. Sotom, P. Vogel, and J. Benoit, “ATMOS (ATM Optical Switching)--system perspective,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 15, 267-279 (1996).

Matrakidis, C.

Maxwell, G.

McDougall, R.

Mcguire, A.

D. Boettle, M. Burzio, P. Cinato, G. Eilenberger, J.-B. Jacob, T. Martinson, F. Masetti, A. Mcguire, M. Sotom, P. Vogel, and J. Benoit, “ATMOS (ATM Optical Switching)--system perspective,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 15, 267-279 (1996).

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A. Stavdas, H. Avramopoulos, E. N. Protonotarios, and J. E. Midwinter, “An OXC architecture suitable for high density WDM wavelength routed networks,” Photonic Network Commun. 1, 77-88 (1999).

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N. Wada, H. Furukawa, and T. Miyazaki, “Prototype 160-Gbit/s/port optical packet switch based on optical code label processing and related technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1551-1559 (2007).

Mortensen, B.

L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
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Mukherjee, B.

Neri, F.

L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
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K. Sato, N. Yamanaka, Y. Takigawa, M. Koga, S. Okamoto, K. Shiomoto, E. Oki, and W. Imajuku, “GMPLS-based photonic multilayer router (Hikari router) architecture, an overview of traffic engineering and signaling technology,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(3), 96-101 (2002).
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K. Sato, N. Yamanaka, Y. Takigawa, M. Koga, S. Okamoto, K. Shiomoto, E. Oki, and W. Imajuku, “GMPLS-based photonic multilayer router (Hikari router) architecture, an overview of traffic engineering and signaling technology,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(3), 96-101 (2002).
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O'Mahony, M.

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A. Stavdas, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Lord, H. C. Lelligou, K. Kanonakis, C. Matrakidis, A. Drakos, and J. D. Angelopoulos, “Dynamic CANON: a scalable inter-cluster multi-domain core network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 46(6), 138-144 (2008).

J. D. Angelopoulos, K. Kanonakis, G. Koukouvakis, H. C. Leligou, C. Matrakidis, T. Orphanoudakis, and A. Stavdas, “An optical network architecture with distributed switching inside node clusters features improved loss, efficiency and cost,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1138-1146 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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W. Wei, Q. Zeng, Y. Ouyang, and D. Lomone, “High-performance hybrid-switching optical router for IP over WDM integration,” Photonic Network Commun. 9, 139-155 (2005).

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Pareta, J.

L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
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Petrantonakis, D.

Pickavet, M.

L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
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A. Stavdas, C. Matrakidis, and C. Politi, “Migration of broadcast-and-select optical crossconnects from semi-static to dynamic reconfiguration and their physical layer modeling,” Opt. Commun. 280, 49-57 (2007).

Politi, C. T.

Poustie, A.

Protonotarios, E. N.

A. Stavdas, H. Avramopoulos, E. N. Protonotarios, and J. E. Midwinter, “An OXC architecture suitable for high density WDM wavelength routed networks,” Photonic Network Commun. 1, 77-88 (1999).

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L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
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P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. L. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, and L. Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1245-1259 (1998).
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C. Raffaelli, M. Savi, and A. Stavdas, “Performance of scheduling algorithms in multi-stage optical packet switches with sparse wavelength converters,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (IEEE, 2006).

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L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. L. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, and L. Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1245-1259 (1998).
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Rogge, M. S.

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L. Sahasrabuddhe and B. Kujherjee, “Light-trees: optical multicasting for improved performance in wavelength routed networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 37(2), 67-73 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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K. Sato, N. Yamanaka, Y. Takigawa, M. Koga, S. Okamoto, K. Shiomoto, E. Oki, and W. Imajuku, “GMPLS-based photonic multilayer router (Hikari router) architecture, an overview of traffic engineering and signaling technology,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(3), 96-101 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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D. Blumenthal, P. R. Prucnal, and J. R. Sauer, “Photonic packet switches: architecture and experimental implementations,” Proc. IEEE 82, 761-761 (1994).

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C. Raffaelli, M. Savi, and A. Stavdas, “Performance of scheduling algorithms in multi-stage optical packet switches with sparse wavelength converters,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (IEEE, 2006).

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P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. L. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, and L. Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1245-1259 (1998).
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Shami, A.

Shiomoto, K.

K. Sato, N. Yamanaka, Y. Takigawa, M. Koga, S. Okamoto, K. Shiomoto, E. Oki, and W. Imajuku, “GMPLS-based photonic multilayer router (Hikari router) architecture, an overview of traffic engineering and signaling technology,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(3), 96-101 (2002).
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Shrikhande, K.

Sotom, M.

D. Boettle, M. Burzio, P. Cinato, G. Eilenberger, J.-B. Jacob, T. Martinson, F. Masetti, A. Mcguire, M. Sotom, P. Vogel, and J. Benoit, “ATMOS (ATM Optical Switching)--system perspective,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 15, 267-279 (1996).

Spaziani, M.

Stampoulidis, L.

Stavdas, A.

A. Stavdas, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Lord, H. C. Lelligou, K. Kanonakis, C. Matrakidis, A. Drakos, and J. D. Angelopoulos, “Dynamic CANON: a scalable inter-cluster multi-domain core network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 46(6), 138-144 (2008).

J. D. Angelopoulos, K. Kanonakis, G. Koukouvakis, H. C. Leligou, C. Matrakidis, T. Orphanoudakis, and A. Stavdas, “An optical network architecture with distributed switching inside node clusters features improved loss, efficiency and cost,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1138-1146 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Stavdas, C. Matrakidis, and C. Politi, “Migration of broadcast-and-select optical crossconnects from semi-static to dynamic reconfiguration and their physical layer modeling,” Opt. Commun. 280, 49-57 (2007).

C. T. Politi, C. Matrakidis, A. Stavdas, D. Gavalas, and M. O'Mahony, “Single layer multigranular OXCs architecture with conversion capability and enhanced flexibility,” J. Opt. Netw. 5, 1002-1012 (2006).
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H. C. Leligou, A. Stavdas, J. Angelopoulos, G. Eilenberger, and L. Dembeck, “Hybrid burst/packet switching architectures from IP NOBEL,” Proc. SPIE 6388, 63880C (2006).

A. Stavdas, H.-C. Leligou, K. Kanonakis, C. Linardakis, and J. Angelopoulos, “A novel scheme for performing statistical multiplexing in the optical layer,” J. Opt. Netw. 4, 237-247 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Stavdas, “Architectures, technology and strategies for gracefully evolving optical packet switching networks,” Opt. Networks Mag. 4(3), 92-107 (2003).

A. Stavdas, S. Sygletos, M. O'Mahoney, H. Lee, and C. Matrakidis, “IST-DAVID: concept presentation and physical layer modeling of the metropolitan area network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 372-383 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Stavdas, “Architectural solutions towards a 1,000 channel ultra-wideband WDM network,” Opt. Networks Mag. 2(1), 51-60 (2001).

A. Stavdas, H. Avramopoulos, E. N. Protonotarios, and J. E. Midwinter, “An OXC architecture suitable for high density WDM wavelength routed networks,” Photonic Network Commun. 1, 77-88 (1999).

A. Stavdas, “Design of wavelength multiplexes/demultiplexes for WDM optical networks,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of London, 1995).

C. Raffaelli, M. Savi, and A. Stavdas, “Performance of scheduling algorithms in multi-stage optical packet switches with sparse wavelength converters,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (IEEE, 2006).

A. Manzalini and A. Stavdas, “A service and knowledge ecosystem for Telco3.0-Web3.0 applications,” in Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Internet and Web Applications and Services (ICIW 2008) (IARIA, 2008).

Sygletos, S.

Takigawa, Y.

K. Sato, N. Yamanaka, Y. Takigawa, M. Koga, S. Okamoto, K. Shiomoto, E. Oki, and W. Imajuku, “GMPLS-based photonic multilayer router (Hikari router) architecture, an overview of traffic engineering and signaling technology,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(3), 96-101 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Talneau, A.

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. L. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, and L. Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1245-1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, J.

Tsiokos, D.

Tucker, S.

Uhlig, S.

Varvarigos, E.

Vlachos, K.

Vogel, P.

D. Boettle, M. Burzio, P. Cinato, G. Eilenberger, J.-B. Jacob, T. Martinson, F. Masetti, A. Mcguire, M. Sotom, P. Vogel, and J. Benoit, “ATMOS (ATM Optical Switching)--system perspective,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 15, 267-279 (1996).

Vokkarane, V.

F. Farahmand, V. Vokkarane, and J. P. Jue, “Practical priority contention resolution for slotted optical burst switching networks,” presented at the 1st International Workshop on Optical Burst Switching (WOBS 2003), Dallas, Tex., October 13-18, 2003.

Vyrsokinos, K.

Wada, N.

N. Wada, H. Furukawa, and T. Miyazaki, “Prototype 160-Gbit/s/port optical packet switch based on optical code label processing and related technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1551-1559 (2007).

N. Wada, G. Cincotti, S. Yoshima, N. Kataoka, and K. Kitayama, “Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers--part II: experiments and applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 113-121 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wei, W.

W. Wei, Q. Zeng, Y. Ouyang, and D. Lomone, “High-performance hybrid-switching optical router for IP over WDM integration,” Photonic Network Commun. 9, 139-155 (2005).

White, I. M.

Wonglumsom, D.

Wu, M.

Yamanaka, N.

K. Sato, N. Yamanaka, Y. Takigawa, M. Koga, S. Okamoto, K. Shiomoto, E. Oki, and W. Imajuku, “GMPLS-based photonic multilayer router (Hikari router) architecture, an overview of traffic engineering and signaling technology,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(3), 96-101 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yao, S.

Yates, J.

Yoo, M.

C. Qiao and M. Yoo, “Optical burst switching (OBS)--a new paradigm for an optical internet,” J. High Speed Networks 8, 69-84 (1999).

Yoo, S. J. B.

Yoshima, S.

Zeng, Q.

W. Wei, Q. Zeng, Y. Ouyang, and D. Lomone, “High-performance hybrid-switching optical router for IP over WDM integration,” Photonic Network Commun. 9, 139-155 (2005).

Zhang, S.

Zucchelli, L.

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. L. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, and L. Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1245-1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Br. Telecommun. Technol. J. (1)

G. Hill, “A wavelength routing approach to optical communication networks,” Br. Telecommun. Technol. J. 6(3), 24-31 (1988).

Fiber Integr. Opt. (1)

D. Boettle, M. Burzio, P. Cinato, G. Eilenberger, J.-B. Jacob, T. Martinson, F. Masetti, A. Mcguire, M. Sotom, P. Vogel, and J. Benoit, “ATMOS (ATM Optical Switching)--system perspective,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 15, 267-279 (1996).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (4)

K. Sato, N. Yamanaka, Y. Takigawa, M. Koga, S. Okamoto, K. Shiomoto, E. Oki, and W. Imajuku, “GMPLS-based photonic multilayer router (Hikari router) architecture, an overview of traffic engineering and signaling technology,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(3), 96-101 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Bishop, C. Giles, and G. Austin, “The Lucent LambdaRouter: MEMS technology of the future here today,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(3), 75-79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Stavdas, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Lord, H. C. Lelligou, K. Kanonakis, C. Matrakidis, A. Drakos, and J. D. Angelopoulos, “Dynamic CANON: a scalable inter-cluster multi-domain core network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 46(6), 138-144 (2008).

L. Sahasrabuddhe and B. Kujherjee, “Light-trees: optical multicasting for improved performance in wavelength routed networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 37(2), 67-73 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (3)

H. Chao, K. Deng, and Z. Jing, “PetaStar: a petabit photonic packet switch,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1096-1112 (2003).

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. L. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau, and L. Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1245-1259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. Wada, H. Furukawa, and T. Miyazaki, “Prototype 160-Gbit/s/port optical packet switch based on optical code label processing and related technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1551-1559 (2007).

J. High Speed Networks (1)

C. Qiao and M. Yoo, “Optical burst switching (OBS)--a new paradigm for an optical internet,” J. High Speed Networks 8, 69-84 (1999).

J. Lightwave Technol. (18)

A. Stavdas, S. Sygletos, M. O'Mahoney, H. Lee, and C. Matrakidis, “IST-DAVID: concept presentation and physical layer modeling of the metropolitan area network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 372-383 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, S. J. B. Yoo, and S. Dixit, “A unified study of contention-resolution schemes in optical packet-switched networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 672-683 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, and M. Spaziani, “Resource sharing in optical packet switches with limited-range wavelength converters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 671-687 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, and P. Pacifici, “A comparison study on the number of wavelength converters needed in synchronous and asynchronous all-optical switching architectures,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 340-355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, and M. Wu, “1×N2 wavelength selective switch with two cross-scanning one-axis analog micromirror arrays in a 4-f optical system,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 897-903 (2006).

N. Wada, G. Cincotti, S. Yoshima, N. Kataoka, and K. Kitayama, “Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers--part II: experiments and applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 113-121 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Varvarigos, “The 'packing' and the 'scheduling packet' switch architectures for almost all-optical lossless networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1757-1767 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Wonglumsom, I. M. White, K. Shrikhande, M. S. Rogge, S. M. Gemelos, F.-T. An, Y. Fukashiro, M. Avenarious, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Experimental demonstration of an access point for HORNET--a packet over WDM multiple-access MAN,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1709-1717 (2000).

E. Kehayas, D. Tsiokos, P. Bakopoulos, D. Apostolopoulos, D. Petrantonakis, L. Stampoulidis, A. Poustie, R. McDougall, G. Maxwell, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, H. J. S. Dorren, J. Seoane, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, P. Jeppesen, and H. Avramopoulos, “40-Gb/s all-optical processing systems using hybrid photonic integration technology,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4903-4911 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Kehayas, K. Vyrsokinos, L. Stampoulidis, K. Christodoulopoulos, K. Vlachos, and H. Avramopoulos, “ARTEMIS: 40-Gb/s all-optical self-routing node and network architecture employing asynchronous bit and packet-level optical signal processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2967-2977 (2006).

J. D. Angelopoulos, K. Kanonakis, G. Koukouvakis, H. C. Leligou, C. Matrakidis, T. Orphanoudakis, and A. Stavdas, “An optical network architecture with distributed switching inside node clusters features improved loss, efficiency and cost,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1138-1146 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Khalil, A. Hadjiantonis, M. Assi, A. Shami, G. Ellinas, and M. Ali, “Dynamic provisioning of low-speed unicast/multicast traffic demands in mesh-based WDM optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 681-693 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Hjalmtysson, J. Yates, S. Chaudhuri, and A. Greenberg, “Smart routers--simple optics: an architecture for the optical internet,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1880-1891 (2000).

Z. Lu, D. Hunter, and I. Henning, “Contention resolution in core optical packet switches through electronic traffic smoothing and scheduling at the network edge,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4828-4837 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Desurvire, “Capacity demands and technology challenges for lightwave systems in the next two decades,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4697-4710 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Ben Yoo, “Optical packet and burst switching technologies for future photonic Internet,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4468-4492 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Tucker, “The role of optics and electronics in high-capacity routers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4655-4673 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Uhlig and M. Robertsson, “Limitations to and solutions for optical loss in optical backplanes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1710-1724 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Netw. (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Stavdas, C. Matrakidis, and C. Politi, “Migration of broadcast-and-select optical crossconnects from semi-static to dynamic reconfiguration and their physical layer modeling,” Opt. Commun. 280, 49-57 (2007).

Opt. Networks Mag. (2)

A. Stavdas, “Architectures, technology and strategies for gracefully evolving optical packet switching networks,” Opt. Networks Mag. 4(3), 92-107 (2003).

A. Stavdas, “Architectural solutions towards a 1,000 channel ultra-wideband WDM network,” Opt. Networks Mag. 2(1), 51-60 (2001).

Photonic Network Commun. (2)

A. Stavdas, H. Avramopoulos, E. N. Protonotarios, and J. E. Midwinter, “An OXC architecture suitable for high density WDM wavelength routed networks,” Photonic Network Commun. 1, 77-88 (1999).

W. Wei, Q. Zeng, Y. Ouyang, and D. Lomone, “High-performance hybrid-switching optical router for IP over WDM integration,” Photonic Network Commun. 9, 139-155 (2005).

Proc. IEEE (2)

D. Miller, “Rationale and challenges for optical interconnects to electronic chips,” Proc. IEEE 88, 728-749 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Blumenthal, P. R. Prucnal, and J. R. Sauer, “Photonic packet switches: architecture and experimental implementations,” Proc. IEEE 82, 761-761 (1994).

Proc. SPIE (1)

H. C. Leligou, A. Stavdas, J. Angelopoulos, G. Eilenberger, and L. Dembeck, “Hybrid burst/packet switching architectures from IP NOBEL,” Proc. SPIE 6388, 63880C (2006).

Other (15)

Alcatel 1674 Lambda Gate, Technical Description, 3AL 93106 AAAA Ed. 05.

Cisco CRS-1 Multishelf System available at http://www.cisco.com/.

Deloitte TMT, Telecommunications Predictions 2007 (Deloitte, 2007).

A. Manzalini and A. Stavdas, “A service and knowledge ecosystem for Telco3.0-Web3.0 applications,” in Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Internet and Web Applications and Services (ICIW 2008) (IARIA, 2008).

A. Stavdas, “Design of wavelength multiplexes/demultiplexes for WDM optical networks,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of London, 1995).

C. Raffaelli, M. Savi, and A. Stavdas, “Performance of scheduling algorithms in multi-stage optical packet switches with sparse wavelength converters,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (IEEE, 2006).

http://www.polatis.com/.

SPEEDRouter vl. l Product Specification (Xilinx Inc., 2001).

http://www.intel.com.

http://www.ciphotonics.com.

http://www.tmcnet.com/enews/100501a.htm.

J. Hui, Switching and Traffic Theory for Integrated Broadband Networks (Kluwer, 1990).

F. Farahmand, V. Vokkarane, and J. P. Jue, “Practical priority contention resolution for slotted optical burst switching networks,” presented at the 1st International Workshop on Optical Burst Switching (WOBS 2003), Dallas, Tex., October 13-18, 2003.

http://www.teemphotonics.com/.

Chief Technology Officer, Teemphotonics, Meylan, France (personal communication).

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