Abstract

Multilayer traffic engineering utilizes functionality in multiple network layers to optimize network performance and resource usage. For IP-over-optical networks in particular, automatic optical switching allows provisioning of on-demand lightpaths serving as capacity for IP/multiprotocol label switching (MPLS) links, allowing online reconfiguration of the IP/MPLS layer logical topology. Multilayer traffic engineering builds on the interaction between IP/MPLS routing and logical topology configuration. Technical issues in the IP/MPLS layer limit traffic measurement accuracy as well as routing flexibility and number of allowable topology updates. Through simulation, we examine the extent to which both measurement inaccuracies and routing granularity degrade multilayer traffic engineering performance.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Mannie, ed., RFC3945: Generalized Multi-protocol Label Switching (GMPLS) Architecture (Network Working Group, 2004).
  2. ITU-T G.8080/Y.1304, Architecture for the Automatically Switched Optical Network (ASON) (International Telecommunication Union Telecommunication Standardization Sector, 2001).
  3. J. Moy, RFC2328: OSPF Version 2 (Network Working Group, 1998).
  4. D. Awduche, L. Berger, D. Gan, T. Li, V. Srinivasan, and G. Swallow, RFC3209: RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP Tunnels (Network Working Group, 2001).
  5. T. Cinkler and Cs. Gáspár, “Fairness issues of routing with grooming and shared protection,” in Proceedings of the 8th IFIP Working Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling (ONDM 2004) (Kluwer, 2004), pp. 665-668.
  6. T. Cinkler, G. Geleji, M. Asztalos, P. Hegyi, A. Kern, and J. Szigeti, “λ-path fragmentation and de-fragmentation through dynamic grooming,” in Proceedings of the 2005 7th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1-4.
  7. P. Iovanna, R. Sabella, and M. Settembre, “A traffic engineering system for multilayer networks based on the GMPLS paradigm,” IEEE Network 17(2), 28-37 (2003).
  8. B. Gillani, R. Kent, and A. Aggarwal, “Topology reconfiguration mechanism for traffic engineering in WDM optical network,” in Proceedings of the 19th Symposium on High Performance Computing Systems and Applications (2005), pp. 161-167.
  9. B. Puype, Q. Yan, D. Colle, S. De Maesschalck, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Multi-layer traffic engineering in data-centric optical networks, illustration of concepts and benefits,” in Proceedings of COST266/IST OPTIMIST Workshop--7th IFIP Working Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling (ONDM 2003) (Kluwer, 2003), pp. 211-226.
  10. B. Puype, Q. Yan, S. De Maesschalck, D. Colle, K. Steenhaut, M. Pickavet, A. Nowé, and P. Demeester, “Optical cost metrics in multi-layer traffic engineering for IP-over-optical networks,” in Proceedings of the 2004 6th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2004), pp. 75-80.
  11. B. Puype, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Influence of multilayer traffic engineering timing parameters on network performance,” in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2006), pp. 2805-2810.
  12. H. Toyoda, S. Nishimura, M. Okuno, K. Fukuda, K. Nakahara, and H. Nishi, “100-Gb/s physical-layer architecture for next-generation ethernet,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E89B, 696-703 (2006).
  13. E. Van Breusegem, B. Puype, D. Colle, J. Cheyns, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Evaluation of ORION in predimensioned networks,” in Proceedings of the 19th International Teletraffic Congress (Springer, 2005), pp. 1265-1274.
  14. B. Fortz and M. Thorup, “Optimizing OSPF/IS--IS weights in a changing world,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 756-767 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

H. Toyoda, S. Nishimura, M. Okuno, K. Fukuda, K. Nakahara, and H. Nishi, “100-Gb/s physical-layer architecture for next-generation ethernet,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E89B, 696-703 (2006).

2003 (1)

P. Iovanna, R. Sabella, and M. Settembre, “A traffic engineering system for multilayer networks based on the GMPLS paradigm,” IEEE Network 17(2), 28-37 (2003).

2002 (1)

B. Fortz and M. Thorup, “Optimizing OSPF/IS--IS weights in a changing world,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 756-767 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, A.

B. Gillani, R. Kent, and A. Aggarwal, “Topology reconfiguration mechanism for traffic engineering in WDM optical network,” in Proceedings of the 19th Symposium on High Performance Computing Systems and Applications (2005), pp. 161-167.

Asztalos, M.

T. Cinkler, G. Geleji, M. Asztalos, P. Hegyi, A. Kern, and J. Szigeti, “λ-path fragmentation and de-fragmentation through dynamic grooming,” in Proceedings of the 2005 7th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1-4.

Awduche, D.

D. Awduche, L. Berger, D. Gan, T. Li, V. Srinivasan, and G. Swallow, RFC3209: RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP Tunnels (Network Working Group, 2001).

Berger, L.

D. Awduche, L. Berger, D. Gan, T. Li, V. Srinivasan, and G. Swallow, RFC3209: RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP Tunnels (Network Working Group, 2001).

Cheyns, J.

E. Van Breusegem, B. Puype, D. Colle, J. Cheyns, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Evaluation of ORION in predimensioned networks,” in Proceedings of the 19th International Teletraffic Congress (Springer, 2005), pp. 1265-1274.

Cinkler, T.

T. Cinkler, G. Geleji, M. Asztalos, P. Hegyi, A. Kern, and J. Szigeti, “λ-path fragmentation and de-fragmentation through dynamic grooming,” in Proceedings of the 2005 7th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1-4.

T. Cinkler and Cs. Gáspár, “Fairness issues of routing with grooming and shared protection,” in Proceedings of the 8th IFIP Working Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling (ONDM 2004) (Kluwer, 2004), pp. 665-668.

Colle, D.

B. Puype, Q. Yan, S. De Maesschalck, D. Colle, K. Steenhaut, M. Pickavet, A. Nowé, and P. Demeester, “Optical cost metrics in multi-layer traffic engineering for IP-over-optical networks,” in Proceedings of the 2004 6th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2004), pp. 75-80.

B. Puype, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Influence of multilayer traffic engineering timing parameters on network performance,” in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2006), pp. 2805-2810.

E. Van Breusegem, B. Puype, D. Colle, J. Cheyns, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Evaluation of ORION in predimensioned networks,” in Proceedings of the 19th International Teletraffic Congress (Springer, 2005), pp. 1265-1274.

B. Puype, Q. Yan, D. Colle, S. De Maesschalck, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Multi-layer traffic engineering in data-centric optical networks, illustration of concepts and benefits,” in Proceedings of COST266/IST OPTIMIST Workshop--7th IFIP Working Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling (ONDM 2003) (Kluwer, 2003), pp. 211-226.

De Maesschalck, S.

B. Puype, Q. Yan, D. Colle, S. De Maesschalck, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Multi-layer traffic engineering in data-centric optical networks, illustration of concepts and benefits,” in Proceedings of COST266/IST OPTIMIST Workshop--7th IFIP Working Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling (ONDM 2003) (Kluwer, 2003), pp. 211-226.

B. Puype, Q. Yan, S. De Maesschalck, D. Colle, K. Steenhaut, M. Pickavet, A. Nowé, and P. Demeester, “Optical cost metrics in multi-layer traffic engineering for IP-over-optical networks,” in Proceedings of the 2004 6th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2004), pp. 75-80.

Demeester, P.

B. Puype, Q. Yan, S. De Maesschalck, D. Colle, K. Steenhaut, M. Pickavet, A. Nowé, and P. Demeester, “Optical cost metrics in multi-layer traffic engineering for IP-over-optical networks,” in Proceedings of the 2004 6th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2004), pp. 75-80.

B. Puype, Q. Yan, D. Colle, S. De Maesschalck, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Multi-layer traffic engineering in data-centric optical networks, illustration of concepts and benefits,” in Proceedings of COST266/IST OPTIMIST Workshop--7th IFIP Working Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling (ONDM 2003) (Kluwer, 2003), pp. 211-226.

B. Puype, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Influence of multilayer traffic engineering timing parameters on network performance,” in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2006), pp. 2805-2810.

E. Van Breusegem, B. Puype, D. Colle, J. Cheyns, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Evaluation of ORION in predimensioned networks,” in Proceedings of the 19th International Teletraffic Congress (Springer, 2005), pp. 1265-1274.

Fortz, B.

B. Fortz and M. Thorup, “Optimizing OSPF/IS--IS weights in a changing world,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 756-767 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, K.

H. Toyoda, S. Nishimura, M. Okuno, K. Fukuda, K. Nakahara, and H. Nishi, “100-Gb/s physical-layer architecture for next-generation ethernet,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E89B, 696-703 (2006).

Gan, D.

D. Awduche, L. Berger, D. Gan, T. Li, V. Srinivasan, and G. Swallow, RFC3209: RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP Tunnels (Network Working Group, 2001).

Gáspár, Cs.

T. Cinkler and Cs. Gáspár, “Fairness issues of routing with grooming and shared protection,” in Proceedings of the 8th IFIP Working Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling (ONDM 2004) (Kluwer, 2004), pp. 665-668.

Geleji, G.

T. Cinkler, G. Geleji, M. Asztalos, P. Hegyi, A. Kern, and J. Szigeti, “λ-path fragmentation and de-fragmentation through dynamic grooming,” in Proceedings of the 2005 7th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1-4.

Gillani, B.

B. Gillani, R. Kent, and A. Aggarwal, “Topology reconfiguration mechanism for traffic engineering in WDM optical network,” in Proceedings of the 19th Symposium on High Performance Computing Systems and Applications (2005), pp. 161-167.

Hegyi, P.

T. Cinkler, G. Geleji, M. Asztalos, P. Hegyi, A. Kern, and J. Szigeti, “λ-path fragmentation and de-fragmentation through dynamic grooming,” in Proceedings of the 2005 7th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1-4.

Iovanna, P.

P. Iovanna, R. Sabella, and M. Settembre, “A traffic engineering system for multilayer networks based on the GMPLS paradigm,” IEEE Network 17(2), 28-37 (2003).

Kent, R.

B. Gillani, R. Kent, and A. Aggarwal, “Topology reconfiguration mechanism for traffic engineering in WDM optical network,” in Proceedings of the 19th Symposium on High Performance Computing Systems and Applications (2005), pp. 161-167.

Kern, A.

T. Cinkler, G. Geleji, M. Asztalos, P. Hegyi, A. Kern, and J. Szigeti, “λ-path fragmentation and de-fragmentation through dynamic grooming,” in Proceedings of the 2005 7th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1-4.

Li, T.

D. Awduche, L. Berger, D. Gan, T. Li, V. Srinivasan, and G. Swallow, RFC3209: RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP Tunnels (Network Working Group, 2001).

Lievens, I.

B. Puype, Q. Yan, D. Colle, S. De Maesschalck, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Multi-layer traffic engineering in data-centric optical networks, illustration of concepts and benefits,” in Proceedings of COST266/IST OPTIMIST Workshop--7th IFIP Working Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling (ONDM 2003) (Kluwer, 2003), pp. 211-226.

Mannie, E.

E. Mannie, ed., RFC3945: Generalized Multi-protocol Label Switching (GMPLS) Architecture (Network Working Group, 2004).

Moy, J.

J. Moy, RFC2328: OSPF Version 2 (Network Working Group, 1998).

Nakahara, K.

H. Toyoda, S. Nishimura, M. Okuno, K. Fukuda, K. Nakahara, and H. Nishi, “100-Gb/s physical-layer architecture for next-generation ethernet,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E89B, 696-703 (2006).

Nishi, H.

H. Toyoda, S. Nishimura, M. Okuno, K. Fukuda, K. Nakahara, and H. Nishi, “100-Gb/s physical-layer architecture for next-generation ethernet,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E89B, 696-703 (2006).

Nishimura, S.

H. Toyoda, S. Nishimura, M. Okuno, K. Fukuda, K. Nakahara, and H. Nishi, “100-Gb/s physical-layer architecture for next-generation ethernet,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E89B, 696-703 (2006).

Nowé, A.

B. Puype, Q. Yan, S. De Maesschalck, D. Colle, K. Steenhaut, M. Pickavet, A. Nowé, and P. Demeester, “Optical cost metrics in multi-layer traffic engineering for IP-over-optical networks,” in Proceedings of the 2004 6th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2004), pp. 75-80.

Okuno, M.

H. Toyoda, S. Nishimura, M. Okuno, K. Fukuda, K. Nakahara, and H. Nishi, “100-Gb/s physical-layer architecture for next-generation ethernet,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E89B, 696-703 (2006).

Pickavet, M.

B. Puype, Q. Yan, S. De Maesschalck, D. Colle, K. Steenhaut, M. Pickavet, A. Nowé, and P. Demeester, “Optical cost metrics in multi-layer traffic engineering for IP-over-optical networks,” in Proceedings of the 2004 6th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2004), pp. 75-80.

B. Puype, Q. Yan, D. Colle, S. De Maesschalck, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Multi-layer traffic engineering in data-centric optical networks, illustration of concepts and benefits,” in Proceedings of COST266/IST OPTIMIST Workshop--7th IFIP Working Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling (ONDM 2003) (Kluwer, 2003), pp. 211-226.

B. Puype, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Influence of multilayer traffic engineering timing parameters on network performance,” in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2006), pp. 2805-2810.

E. Van Breusegem, B. Puype, D. Colle, J. Cheyns, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Evaluation of ORION in predimensioned networks,” in Proceedings of the 19th International Teletraffic Congress (Springer, 2005), pp. 1265-1274.

Puype, B.

E. Van Breusegem, B. Puype, D. Colle, J. Cheyns, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Evaluation of ORION in predimensioned networks,” in Proceedings of the 19th International Teletraffic Congress (Springer, 2005), pp. 1265-1274.

B. Puype, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Influence of multilayer traffic engineering timing parameters on network performance,” in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2006), pp. 2805-2810.

B. Puype, Q. Yan, D. Colle, S. De Maesschalck, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Multi-layer traffic engineering in data-centric optical networks, illustration of concepts and benefits,” in Proceedings of COST266/IST OPTIMIST Workshop--7th IFIP Working Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling (ONDM 2003) (Kluwer, 2003), pp. 211-226.

B. Puype, Q. Yan, S. De Maesschalck, D. Colle, K. Steenhaut, M. Pickavet, A. Nowé, and P. Demeester, “Optical cost metrics in multi-layer traffic engineering for IP-over-optical networks,” in Proceedings of the 2004 6th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2004), pp. 75-80.

Sabella, R.

P. Iovanna, R. Sabella, and M. Settembre, “A traffic engineering system for multilayer networks based on the GMPLS paradigm,” IEEE Network 17(2), 28-37 (2003).

Settembre, M.

P. Iovanna, R. Sabella, and M. Settembre, “A traffic engineering system for multilayer networks based on the GMPLS paradigm,” IEEE Network 17(2), 28-37 (2003).

Srinivasan, V.

D. Awduche, L. Berger, D. Gan, T. Li, V. Srinivasan, and G. Swallow, RFC3209: RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP Tunnels (Network Working Group, 2001).

Steenhaut, K.

B. Puype, Q. Yan, S. De Maesschalck, D. Colle, K. Steenhaut, M. Pickavet, A. Nowé, and P. Demeester, “Optical cost metrics in multi-layer traffic engineering for IP-over-optical networks,” in Proceedings of the 2004 6th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2004), pp. 75-80.

Swallow, G.

D. Awduche, L. Berger, D. Gan, T. Li, V. Srinivasan, and G. Swallow, RFC3209: RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP Tunnels (Network Working Group, 2001).

Szigeti, J.

T. Cinkler, G. Geleji, M. Asztalos, P. Hegyi, A. Kern, and J. Szigeti, “λ-path fragmentation and de-fragmentation through dynamic grooming,” in Proceedings of the 2005 7th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1-4.

Thorup, M.

B. Fortz and M. Thorup, “Optimizing OSPF/IS--IS weights in a changing world,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 756-767 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Toyoda, H.

H. Toyoda, S. Nishimura, M. Okuno, K. Fukuda, K. Nakahara, and H. Nishi, “100-Gb/s physical-layer architecture for next-generation ethernet,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E89B, 696-703 (2006).

Van Breusegem, E.

E. Van Breusegem, B. Puype, D. Colle, J. Cheyns, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Evaluation of ORION in predimensioned networks,” in Proceedings of the 19th International Teletraffic Congress (Springer, 2005), pp. 1265-1274.

Yan, Q.

B. Puype, Q. Yan, D. Colle, S. De Maesschalck, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Multi-layer traffic engineering in data-centric optical networks, illustration of concepts and benefits,” in Proceedings of COST266/IST OPTIMIST Workshop--7th IFIP Working Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling (ONDM 2003) (Kluwer, 2003), pp. 211-226.

B. Puype, Q. Yan, S. De Maesschalck, D. Colle, K. Steenhaut, M. Pickavet, A. Nowé, and P. Demeester, “Optical cost metrics in multi-layer traffic engineering for IP-over-optical networks,” in Proceedings of the 2004 6th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2004), pp. 75-80.

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

B. Fortz and M. Thorup, “Optimizing OSPF/IS--IS weights in a changing world,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 756-767 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Network (1)

P. Iovanna, R. Sabella, and M. Settembre, “A traffic engineering system for multilayer networks based on the GMPLS paradigm,” IEEE Network 17(2), 28-37 (2003).

IEICE Trans. Commun. (1)

H. Toyoda, S. Nishimura, M. Okuno, K. Fukuda, K. Nakahara, and H. Nishi, “100-Gb/s physical-layer architecture for next-generation ethernet,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E89B, 696-703 (2006).

Other (11)

E. Van Breusegem, B. Puype, D. Colle, J. Cheyns, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Evaluation of ORION in predimensioned networks,” in Proceedings of the 19th International Teletraffic Congress (Springer, 2005), pp. 1265-1274.

B. Gillani, R. Kent, and A. Aggarwal, “Topology reconfiguration mechanism for traffic engineering in WDM optical network,” in Proceedings of the 19th Symposium on High Performance Computing Systems and Applications (2005), pp. 161-167.

B. Puype, Q. Yan, D. Colle, S. De Maesschalck, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Multi-layer traffic engineering in data-centric optical networks, illustration of concepts and benefits,” in Proceedings of COST266/IST OPTIMIST Workshop--7th IFIP Working Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling (ONDM 2003) (Kluwer, 2003), pp. 211-226.

B. Puype, Q. Yan, S. De Maesschalck, D. Colle, K. Steenhaut, M. Pickavet, A. Nowé, and P. Demeester, “Optical cost metrics in multi-layer traffic engineering for IP-over-optical networks,” in Proceedings of the 2004 6th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2004), pp. 75-80.

B. Puype, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Influence of multilayer traffic engineering timing parameters on network performance,” in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2006), pp. 2805-2810.

E. Mannie, ed., RFC3945: Generalized Multi-protocol Label Switching (GMPLS) Architecture (Network Working Group, 2004).

ITU-T G.8080/Y.1304, Architecture for the Automatically Switched Optical Network (ASON) (International Telecommunication Union Telecommunication Standardization Sector, 2001).

J. Moy, RFC2328: OSPF Version 2 (Network Working Group, 1998).

D. Awduche, L. Berger, D. Gan, T. Li, V. Srinivasan, and G. Swallow, RFC3209: RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP Tunnels (Network Working Group, 2001).

T. Cinkler and Cs. Gáspár, “Fairness issues of routing with grooming and shared protection,” in Proceedings of the 8th IFIP Working Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling (ONDM 2004) (Kluwer, 2004), pp. 665-668.

T. Cinkler, G. Geleji, M. Asztalos, P. Hegyi, A. Kern, and J. Szigeti, “λ-path fragmentation and de-fragmentation through dynamic grooming,” in Proceedings of the 2005 7th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1-4.

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