Abstract

<p><a href="http://www.osa-jon.org/virtual_issue.cfm?vid=31">Feature Issue on Transmission in Optically Transparent Core Networks</a></p>We investigate a new routing algorithm able to finely consider signal quality during propagation in an optical WDM meshed network. To evaluate the quality of transmission, we propose an analytical estimator based on experimental measurements, along with an assessment of its accuracy. The proposed algorithm 'places' optoelectronic (OEO) regenerators, taking into account the wavelength occupation and the quality of transmission of the selected optical path, so it can optimize the number of required OEO operations for a connection. To validate the interest of the proposed algorithm and the quality of transmission estimator, we present dimensioning results for two different routing strategies and two different estimators of transmission quality. The performance of the proposed methods is particularly relevant compared to works in present literature where system characteristics are not ideal.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, P. Chien-Shing, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. Lopez, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, ''Wavelength-selective 1×K switches using free-space optics and MEMs micromirrors: theory, design, and implementation,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1620-1630 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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  4. A. Ehrhardt, ''Next generation optical networks: an operator's point of view,'' in Proceedings of IEEE ICTON'06 (IEEE, 2006), pp. 93-97.
  5. A. A. M. Saleh and J. M. Simmons, ''Evolution toward the next-generation core optical network,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3303-3321 (2006).
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    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Cavendish, A. Kolarov, and B. Sengupta, ''Routing and wavelength assignment in WDM mesh networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Globecom'04 (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 2, pp. 1016-1022.
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  11. X. Yang and B. Ramamurthy, ''Dynamic routing in translucent WDM optical networks: the intradomain case,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 955-971 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Strand and A. L. Chiu, ''Issues for routing in the optical layer,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 81-87 (2001).
  13. D. Papadimitriou and D. Penninckx, ''Physical routing impairments in wavelength-switched optical networks,'' Business Briefing: Global Optical Communication (World Market Research Center, 2002).
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  15. I. Tomkos, S. Sygletos, A. Tzanakaki, and G. Markidis, ''Impairment constraint based routing in mesh optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper OWR1.
  16. J. C. Li, K. Hinton, S. D. Dods, and P. M. Farrell, ''Enabling ASON routing via novel signal quality metrics,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper OWR6.
  17. C. Politi, V. Anagnostopoulos, C. Matrakidis, and A. Stavdas, ''Physical layer impairment aware routing algorithms based on analitically calculated Q-factor,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2005 (IEEE, 2005), paper OFG1.
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  25. J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, and J. F. Faure, ''Nonlinear cumulated phase as a criterion to assess performance of terrestrial WDM systems,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2002) (IEEE, 2002), pp. 365-366.
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  28. T. Zami, L. Noirie, F. Bruyère, and A. Jourdan, ''Crosstalk-induced degradation in an optical-noise-limited detection system,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC1999) (IEEE, 1999), pp. 255-257.
  29. J. Zyskind, R. Barry, G. Pendock, M. Cahill, and J. Ranka, ''High-capacity, ultra-long-haul networks,'' in Optical Fiber Telecommunication, IV B, Systems and Impairments, I.Kaminov and T.Li, eds. (Academic, Elsevier Science Imprint, 2002), pp. 198-231.
  30. H. Kogelnik, R. M. Jopson, and L. E. Nelson, ''Polarization-mode dispersion,'' in Optical Fiber Telecommunication, IV B, Systems and Impairments, I.Kaminov and T.Li, eds. (Academic, Elsevier Science Imprint, 2002), pp. 725-861.
  31. P. Peloso, D. Penninckx, M. Prunaire, and L. Noirie, ''Optical transparency of a heterogeneous pan-european network,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 242-248 (2004).
  32. F. Leplingard, T. Zami, A. Morea, and N. Brogard are preparing a paper to be called ''Determination of the impact of a quality of transmission estimator margin on the dimensioning of an optical network.''
  33. ITU-T Recommendation G.691, ''Optical interfaces for single-channel STM-64, STM-256 and other SDH systems with optical interfaces'' (ITU, 2000).
  34. P. E. Hart, N. J. Nilsson, and B. Raphael, ''A formal basis for the heuristic determination of minimum cost paths,'' IEEE Trans. Syst. Sci. Cybern. 2, 100-107 (1968).
  35. P. E. Hart, N. J. Nilsson, and B. Raphael, ''Correction to A formal basis for the heuristic determination of minimum cost paths,'' SIGART Newsletter 37, 28-29 (1972).
  36. C. Chien and S. Banerjee, ''A new model for optimal routing in all-optical networks with scalable number of wavelength converters,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Globecom'95 (IEEE, 1995), pp. 993-997.
  37. E. W. Dijkstra, ''A note on two problems in connection with graphs,'' Numer. Math. 1, 269-271 (1959).
    [CrossRef]
  38. J. W. Suurballe and R. E. Tarjan, ''A quick method for finding shortest pairs of disjoint paths,'' Networks 14, 325-336 (1984).
  39. M. Batayneh, D. A. Schupke, M. Hoffmann, A. Kirstaedter, and B. Mukherjee, ''On reliable and cost-efficient design of carrier-grade Ethernet in a multi-line rate network under transmission-range constraints,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2007) (IEEE, 2007), paper PDP10.
  40. R.-J. Essiamble, P. J. Winzer, and D. F. Grosz, ''Impact of DCF properties on system design,'' J. Opt. Fiber. Commun. Rep. 3, 221-291 (2006).
  41. A. Morea and J. Poirrier, ''A critical analysis of the possible cost savings of translucent networks,'' in Proceedings of Design of Reliable Communication Networks (DRCN05) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 311-317.
  42. A. Dwivedi and R. E. Wagner, ''Traffic model for USA long-distance optical network,'' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper TuK1.
  43. ITU-T Recommendation G.652, ''Characteristics of a single-mode optical fiber and cable,'' (ITU, 2005).

2007

I. Tomkos, S. Sygletos, A. Tzanakaki, and G. Markidis, ''Impairment constraint based routing in mesh optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper OWR1.

J. C. Li, K. Hinton, S. D. Dods, and P. M. Farrell, ''Enabling ASON routing via novel signal quality metrics,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper OWR6.

S. Rai, B. Mukherjee, C.-F. Su, and T. Hamada, ''Provisioning in ultra-long-haul optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper OWR4.

M. Batayneh, D. A. Schupke, M. Hoffmann, A. Kirstaedter, and B. Mukherjee, ''On reliable and cost-efficient design of carrier-grade Ethernet in a multi-line rate network under transmission-range constraints,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2007) (IEEE, 2007), paper PDP10.

2006

R.-J. Essiamble, P. J. Winzer, and D. F. Grosz, ''Impact of DCF properties on system design,'' J. Opt. Fiber. Commun. Rep. 3, 221-291 (2006).

R. Martinez, C. Pinart, F. Cugini, N. Andriolli, L. Vakarenghi, P. Castoldi, L. Wosinska, J. Cornelias, and G. Junyent, ''Challenges and requirements for introducing impairment-awareness into the management and control planes of ASON/GMPLS WDM networks,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 76-85 (2006).

S. Pachnicke, T. Gravemann, M. Windmann, and E. Voges, ''Physically constrained routing in 10 Gb/s DWDM networks including fiber nonlinearities and polarization effects,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3418-3426 (2006).

S. Duhovnikov, D. A. Schupke, G. Lehmann, T. Fischer, and F. Rambach, ''Dynamic RWA for all optical networks using linear constraints for optical path feasibility assessment,'' in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC06) (IEEE, 2006) Vol. 3, pp. 391-392.

A. Ehrhardt, ''Next generation optical networks: an operator's point of view,'' in Proceedings of IEEE ICTON'06 (IEEE, 2006), pp. 93-97.

A. A. M. Saleh and J. M. Simmons, ''Evolution toward the next-generation core optical network,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3303-3321 (2006).

2005

D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, P. Chien-Shing, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. Lopez, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, ''Wavelength-selective 1×K switches using free-space optics and MEMs micromirrors: theory, design, and implementation,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1620-1630 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Cardillo, V. Curri, and M. Mellia, ''Considering transmission impairments in wavelength routed networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE ONDM'05 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 421-429.

X. Yang and B. Ramamurthy, ''Dynamic routing in translucent WDM optical networks: the intradomain case,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 955-971 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Politi, V. Anagnostopoulos, C. Matrakidis, and A. Stavdas, ''Physical layer impairment aware routing algorithms based on analitically calculated Q-factor,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2005 (IEEE, 2005), paper OFG1.

P. Kulkarni, A. Tzanakaki, C. M. Machuka, and I. Tomkos, ''Benefits of Q-factor based routing in WDM metro networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE ECOC'05 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 981-982.

A. Morea and J. Poirrier, ''A critical analysis of the possible cost savings of translucent networks,'' in Proceedings of Design of Reliable Communication Networks (DRCN05) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 311-317.

ITU-T Recommendation G.652, ''Characteristics of a single-mode optical fiber and cable,'' (ITU, 2005).

2004

P. Peloso, D. Penninckx, M. Prunaire, and L. Noirie, ''Optical transparency of a heterogeneous pan-european network,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 242-248 (2004).

D. Cavendish, A. Kolarov, and B. Sengupta, ''Routing and wavelength assignment in WDM mesh networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Globecom'04 (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 2, pp. 1016-1022.

2003

2002

J. Zyskind, R. Barry, G. Pendock, M. Cahill, and J. Ranka, ''High-capacity, ultra-long-haul networks,'' in Optical Fiber Telecommunication, IV B, Systems and Impairments, I.Kaminov and T.Li, eds. (Academic, Elsevier Science Imprint, 2002), pp. 198-231.

H. Kogelnik, R. M. Jopson, and L. E. Nelson, ''Polarization-mode dispersion,'' in Optical Fiber Telecommunication, IV B, Systems and Impairments, I.Kaminov and T.Li, eds. (Academic, Elsevier Science Imprint, 2002), pp. 725-861.

J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, and J. F. Faure, ''Nonlinear cumulated phase as a criterion to assess performance of terrestrial WDM systems,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2002) (IEEE, 2002), pp. 365-366.

D. Papadimitriou and D. Penninckx, ''Physical routing impairments in wavelength-switched optical networks,'' Business Briefing: Global Optical Communication (World Market Research Center, 2002).

2001

B. Ramamurthy, S. Yaragorla, and X. Yang, ''Translucent optical WDM networks for the next-generation backbone networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Globecom'01 (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 1, pp. 60-64.

J. Strand and A. L. Chiu, ''Issues for routing in the optical layer,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 81-87 (2001).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

2000

ITU-T Recommendation G.691, ''Optical interfaces for single-channel STM-64, STM-256 and other SDH systems with optical interfaces'' (ITU, 2000).

1999

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, ''Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers fundamentals and technology,'' in Optics and Photonics (Academic, 1999), pp. 140-144.

T. Zami, L. Noirie, F. Bruyère, and A. Jourdan, ''Crosstalk-induced degradation in an optical-noise-limited detection system,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC1999) (IEEE, 1999), pp. 255-257.

1997

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, 2 ed. (Academic, 1997).

1996

C. Chen and S. Banerjee, ''A new model for optimal routing and wavelength assignment in wavelength division multiplexed optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM'96 (IEEE, 1996), pp. 993-997.

1995

C. Chien and S. Banerjee, ''A new model for optimal routing in all-optical networks with scalable number of wavelength converters,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Globecom'95 (IEEE, 1995), pp. 993-997.

1994

R. Ramaswami and K. Sivarajan, ''Optimal routing and wavelength assignment in all-optical networks,'' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 3, 489-500 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1984

J. W. Suurballe and R. E. Tarjan, ''A quick method for finding shortest pairs of disjoint paths,'' Networks 14, 325-336 (1984).

1972

P. E. Hart, N. J. Nilsson, and B. Raphael, ''Correction to A formal basis for the heuristic determination of minimum cost paths,'' SIGART Newsletter 37, 28-29 (1972).

1968

P. E. Hart, N. J. Nilsson, and B. Raphael, ''A formal basis for the heuristic determination of minimum cost paths,'' IEEE Trans. Syst. Sci. Cybern. 2, 100-107 (1968).

1959

E. W. Dijkstra, ''A note on two problems in connection with graphs,'' Numer. Math. 1, 269-271 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, 2 ed. (Academic, 1997).

Aksyuk, V. A.

Anagnostopoulos, V.

C. Politi, V. Anagnostopoulos, C. Matrakidis, and A. Stavdas, ''Physical layer impairment aware routing algorithms based on analitically calculated Q-factor,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2005 (IEEE, 2005), paper OFG1.

Andriolli, N.

R. Martinez, C. Pinart, F. Cugini, N. Andriolli, L. Vakarenghi, P. Castoldi, L. Wosinska, J. Cornelias, and G. Junyent, ''Challenges and requirements for introducing impairment-awareness into the management and control planes of ASON/GMPLS WDM networks,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 76-85 (2006).

Antona, J. C.

J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, and J. F. Faure, ''Nonlinear cumulated phase as a criterion to assess performance of terrestrial WDM systems,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2002) (IEEE, 2002), pp. 365-366.

Antona, J.-C.

T. Zami, J.-C. Antona, P. Peloso, E. Le Rouzic, A. Morea, M. Joindot, B. Fracasso, P. Gravey, and M. Gagnaire, ''Dimensioning of WDM transparent networks based on the quality of transmission,'' Presented at the Broadband Europe Conference, Brugges, Belgium, 8 December 2004.

Banerjee, S.

C. Chen and S. Banerjee, ''A new model for optimal routing and wavelength assignment in wavelength division multiplexed optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM'96 (IEEE, 1996), pp. 993-997.

C. Chien and S. Banerjee, ''A new model for optimal routing in all-optical networks with scalable number of wavelength converters,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Globecom'95 (IEEE, 1995), pp. 993-997.

Barry, R.

J. Zyskind, R. Barry, G. Pendock, M. Cahill, and J. Ranka, ''High-capacity, ultra-long-haul networks,'' in Optical Fiber Telecommunication, IV B, Systems and Impairments, I.Kaminov and T.Li, eds. (Academic, Elsevier Science Imprint, 2002), pp. 198-231.

Basavanhally, N. R.

Batayneh, M.

M. Batayneh, D. A. Schupke, M. Hoffmann, A. Kirstaedter, and B. Mukherjee, ''On reliable and cost-efficient design of carrier-grade Ethernet in a multi-line rate network under transmission-range constraints,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2007) (IEEE, 2007), paper PDP10.

Becker, P. C.

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, ''Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers fundamentals and technology,'' in Optics and Photonics (Academic, 1999), pp. 140-144.

Berdusco, M.

Bigo, S.

J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, and J. F. Faure, ''Nonlinear cumulated phase as a criterion to assess performance of terrestrial WDM systems,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2002) (IEEE, 2002), pp. 365-366.

Binetti, S.

Bolle, C. A.

Brogard, N.

F. Leplingard, T. Zami, A. Morea, and N. Brogard are preparing a paper to be called ''Determination of the impact of a quality of transmission estimator margin on the dimensioning of an optical network.''

Bruyère, F.

T. Zami, L. Noirie, F. Bruyère, and A. Jourdan, ''Crosstalk-induced degradation in an optical-noise-limited detection system,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC1999) (IEEE, 1999), pp. 255-257.

Cahill, M.

J. Zyskind, R. Barry, G. Pendock, M. Cahill, and J. Ranka, ''High-capacity, ultra-long-haul networks,'' in Optical Fiber Telecommunication, IV B, Systems and Impairments, I.Kaminov and T.Li, eds. (Academic, Elsevier Science Imprint, 2002), pp. 198-231.

Cardillo, R.

R. Cardillo, V. Curri, and M. Mellia, ''Considering transmission impairments in wavelength routed networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE ONDM'05 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 421-429.

Castoldi, P.

R. Martinez, C. Pinart, F. Cugini, N. Andriolli, L. Vakarenghi, P. Castoldi, L. Wosinska, J. Cornelias, and G. Junyent, ''Challenges and requirements for introducing impairment-awareness into the management and control planes of ASON/GMPLS WDM networks,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 76-85 (2006).

Cavendish, D.

D. Cavendish, A. Kolarov, and B. Sengupta, ''Routing and wavelength assignment in WDM mesh networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Globecom'04 (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 2, pp. 1016-1022.

Chen, C.

C. Chen and S. Banerjee, ''A new model for optimal routing and wavelength assignment in wavelength division multiplexed optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM'96 (IEEE, 1996), pp. 993-997.

Chien, C.

C. Chien and S. Banerjee, ''A new model for optimal routing in all-optical networks with scalable number of wavelength converters,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Globecom'95 (IEEE, 1995), pp. 993-997.

Chien-Shing, P.

Chiu, A. L.

J. Strand and A. L. Chiu, ''Issues for routing in the optical layer,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 81-87 (2001).

Cornelias, J.

R. Martinez, C. Pinart, F. Cugini, N. Andriolli, L. Vakarenghi, P. Castoldi, L. Wosinska, J. Cornelias, and G. Junyent, ''Challenges and requirements for introducing impairment-awareness into the management and control planes of ASON/GMPLS WDM networks,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 76-85 (2006).

Cugini, F.

R. Martinez, C. Pinart, F. Cugini, N. Andriolli, L. Vakarenghi, P. Castoldi, L. Wosinska, J. Cornelias, and G. Junyent, ''Challenges and requirements for introducing impairment-awareness into the management and control planes of ASON/GMPLS WDM networks,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 76-85 (2006).

Curri, V.

R. Cardillo, V. Curri, and M. Mellia, ''Considering transmission impairments in wavelength routed networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE ONDM'05 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 421-429.

Dijkstra, E. W.

E. W. Dijkstra, ''A note on two problems in connection with graphs,'' Numer. Math. 1, 269-271 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Dods, S. D.

J. C. Li, K. Hinton, S. D. Dods, and P. M. Farrell, ''Enabling ASON routing via novel signal quality metrics,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper OWR6.

Downie, J. D.

Duhovnikov, S.

S. Duhovnikov, D. A. Schupke, G. Lehmann, T. Fischer, and F. Rambach, ''Dynamic RWA for all optical networks using linear constraints for optical path feasibility assessment,'' in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC06) (IEEE, 2006) Vol. 3, pp. 391-392.

Dwivedi, A.

A. Dwivedi and R. E. Wagner, ''Traffic model for USA long-distance optical network,'' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper TuK1.

Ehrhardt, A.

A. Ehrhardt, ''Next generation optical networks: an operator's point of view,'' in Proceedings of IEEE ICTON'06 (IEEE, 2006), pp. 93-97.

Essiamble, R.-J.

R.-J. Essiamble, P. J. Winzer, and D. F. Grosz, ''Impact of DCF properties on system design,'' J. Opt. Fiber. Commun. Rep. 3, 221-291 (2006).

Farrell, P. M.

J. C. Li, K. Hinton, S. D. Dods, and P. M. Farrell, ''Enabling ASON routing via novel signal quality metrics,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper OWR6.

Faure, J. F.

J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, and J. F. Faure, ''Nonlinear cumulated phase as a criterion to assess performance of terrestrial WDM systems,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2002) (IEEE, 2002), pp. 365-366.

Fischer, T.

S. Duhovnikov, D. A. Schupke, G. Lehmann, T. Fischer, and F. Rambach, ''Dynamic RWA for all optical networks using linear constraints for optical path feasibility assessment,'' in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC06) (IEEE, 2006) Vol. 3, pp. 391-392.

Fracasso, B.

T. Zami, J.-C. Antona, P. Peloso, E. Le Rouzic, A. Morea, M. Joindot, B. Fracasso, P. Gravey, and M. Gagnaire, ''Dimensioning of WDM transparent networks based on the quality of transmission,'' Presented at the Broadband Europe Conference, Brugges, Belgium, 8 December 2004.

Gagnaire, M.

T. Zami, J.-C. Antona, P. Peloso, E. Le Rouzic, A. Morea, M. Joindot, B. Fracasso, P. Gravey, and M. Gagnaire, ''Dimensioning of WDM transparent networks based on the quality of transmission,'' Presented at the Broadband Europe Conference, Brugges, Belgium, 8 December 2004.

Gravemann, T.

Gravey, P.

T. Zami, J.-C. Antona, P. Peloso, E. Le Rouzic, A. Morea, M. Joindot, B. Fracasso, P. Gravey, and M. Gagnaire, ''Dimensioning of WDM transparent networks based on the quality of transmission,'' Presented at the Broadband Europe Conference, Brugges, Belgium, 8 December 2004.

Greywall, D. S.

Grosz, D. F.

R.-J. Essiamble, P. J. Winzer, and D. F. Grosz, ''Impact of DCF properties on system design,'' J. Opt. Fiber. Commun. Rep. 3, 221-291 (2006).

Hamada, T.

S. Rai, B. Mukherjee, C.-F. Su, and T. Hamada, ''Provisioning in ultra-long-haul optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper OWR4.

Hart, P. E.

P. E. Hart, N. J. Nilsson, and B. Raphael, ''Correction to A formal basis for the heuristic determination of minimum cost paths,'' SIGART Newsletter 37, 28-29 (1972).

P. E. Hart, N. J. Nilsson, and B. Raphael, ''A formal basis for the heuristic determination of minimum cost paths,'' IEEE Trans. Syst. Sci. Cybern. 2, 100-107 (1968).

Hinton, K.

J. C. Li, K. Hinton, S. D. Dods, and P. M. Farrell, ''Enabling ASON routing via novel signal quality metrics,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper OWR6.

Hoffmann, M.

M. Batayneh, D. A. Schupke, M. Hoffmann, A. Kirstaedter, and B. Mukherjee, ''On reliable and cost-efficient design of carrier-grade Ethernet in a multi-line rate network under transmission-range constraints,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2007) (IEEE, 2007), paper PDP10.

Iannone, E.

Joindot, M.

T. Zami, J.-C. Antona, P. Peloso, E. Le Rouzic, A. Morea, M. Joindot, B. Fracasso, P. Gravey, and M. Gagnaire, ''Dimensioning of WDM transparent networks based on the quality of transmission,'' Presented at the Broadband Europe Conference, Brugges, Belgium, 8 December 2004.

Jopson, R. M.

H. Kogelnik, R. M. Jopson, and L. E. Nelson, ''Polarization-mode dispersion,'' in Optical Fiber Telecommunication, IV B, Systems and Impairments, I.Kaminov and T.Li, eds. (Academic, Elsevier Science Imprint, 2002), pp. 725-861.

Jourdan, A.

T. Zami, L. Noirie, F. Bruyère, and A. Jourdan, ''Crosstalk-induced degradation in an optical-noise-limited detection system,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC1999) (IEEE, 1999), pp. 255-257.

Junyent, G.

R. Martinez, C. Pinart, F. Cugini, N. Andriolli, L. Vakarenghi, P. Castoldi, L. Wosinska, J. Cornelias, and G. Junyent, ''Challenges and requirements for introducing impairment-awareness into the management and control planes of ASON/GMPLS WDM networks,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 76-85 (2006).

Kirstaedter, A.

M. Batayneh, D. A. Schupke, M. Hoffmann, A. Kirstaedter, and B. Mukherjee, ''On reliable and cost-efficient design of carrier-grade Ethernet in a multi-line rate network under transmission-range constraints,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2007) (IEEE, 2007), paper PDP10.

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, R. M. Jopson, and L. E. Nelson, ''Polarization-mode dispersion,'' in Optical Fiber Telecommunication, IV B, Systems and Impairments, I.Kaminov and T.Li, eds. (Academic, Elsevier Science Imprint, 2002), pp. 725-861.

Kolarov, A.

D. Cavendish, A. Kolarov, and B. Sengupta, ''Routing and wavelength assignment in WDM mesh networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Globecom'04 (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 2, pp. 1016-1022.

Kolodner, P.

Kulkarni, P.

P. Kulkarni, A. Tzanakaki, C. M. Machuka, and I. Tomkos, ''Benefits of Q-factor based routing in WDM metro networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE ECOC'05 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 981-982.

Le Rouzic, E.

T. Zami, J.-C. Antona, P. Peloso, E. Le Rouzic, A. Morea, M. Joindot, B. Fracasso, P. Gravey, and M. Gagnaire, ''Dimensioning of WDM transparent networks based on the quality of transmission,'' Presented at the Broadband Europe Conference, Brugges, Belgium, 8 December 2004.

Lehmann, G.

S. Duhovnikov, D. A. Schupke, G. Lehmann, T. Fischer, and F. Rambach, ''Dynamic RWA for all optical networks using linear constraints for optical path feasibility assessment,'' in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC06) (IEEE, 2006) Vol. 3, pp. 391-392.

Leplingard, F.

F. Leplingard, T. Zami, A. Morea, and N. Brogard are preparing a paper to be called ''Determination of the impact of a quality of transmission estimator margin on the dimensioning of an optical network.''

Li, J. C.

J. C. Li, K. Hinton, S. D. Dods, and P. M. Farrell, ''Enabling ASON routing via novel signal quality metrics,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper OWR6.

Listanti, M.

Lopez, D. O.

Low, Y.

Machuka, C. M.

P. Kulkarni, A. Tzanakaki, C. M. Machuka, and I. Tomkos, ''Benefits of Q-factor based routing in WDM metro networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE ECOC'05 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 981-982.

Markidis, G.

I. Tomkos, S. Sygletos, A. Tzanakaki, and G. Markidis, ''Impairment constraint based routing in mesh optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper OWR1.

Marom, D. M.

Martinez, R.

R. Martinez, C. Pinart, F. Cugini, N. Andriolli, L. Vakarenghi, P. Castoldi, L. Wosinska, J. Cornelias, and G. Junyent, ''Challenges and requirements for introducing impairment-awareness into the management and control planes of ASON/GMPLS WDM networks,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 76-85 (2006).

Matrakidis, C.

C. Politi, V. Anagnostopoulos, C. Matrakidis, and A. Stavdas, ''Physical layer impairment aware routing algorithms based on analitically calculated Q-factor,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2005 (IEEE, 2005), paper OFG1.

Mechels, S.

S. Mechels, ''1D MEMs-based wavelength switching subsystem,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 88-94 (2003).

Mellia, M.

R. Cardillo, V. Curri, and M. Mellia, ''Considering transmission impairments in wavelength routed networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE ONDM'05 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 421-429.

Morea, A.

A. Morea and J. Poirrier, ''A critical analysis of the possible cost savings of translucent networks,'' in Proceedings of Design of Reliable Communication Networks (DRCN05) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 311-317.

F. Leplingard, T. Zami, A. Morea, and N. Brogard are preparing a paper to be called ''Determination of the impact of a quality of transmission estimator margin on the dimensioning of an optical network.''

T. Zami, J.-C. Antona, P. Peloso, E. Le Rouzic, A. Morea, M. Joindot, B. Fracasso, P. Gravey, and M. Gagnaire, ''Dimensioning of WDM transparent networks based on the quality of transmission,'' Presented at the Broadband Europe Conference, Brugges, Belgium, 8 December 2004.

Mukherjee, B.

S. Rai, B. Mukherjee, C.-F. Su, and T. Hamada, ''Provisioning in ultra-long-haul optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper OWR4.

M. Batayneh, D. A. Schupke, M. Hoffmann, A. Kirstaedter, and B. Mukherjee, ''On reliable and cost-efficient design of carrier-grade Ethernet in a multi-line rate network under transmission-range constraints,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2007) (IEEE, 2007), paper PDP10.

Neilson, D. T.

Nelson, L. E.

H. Kogelnik, R. M. Jopson, and L. E. Nelson, ''Polarization-mode dispersion,'' in Optical Fiber Telecommunication, IV B, Systems and Impairments, I.Kaminov and T.Li, eds. (Academic, Elsevier Science Imprint, 2002), pp. 725-861.

Nilsson, N. J.

P. E. Hart, N. J. Nilsson, and B. Raphael, ''Correction to A formal basis for the heuristic determination of minimum cost paths,'' SIGART Newsletter 37, 28-29 (1972).

P. E. Hart, N. J. Nilsson, and B. Raphael, ''A formal basis for the heuristic determination of minimum cost paths,'' IEEE Trans. Syst. Sci. Cybern. 2, 100-107 (1968).

Noirie, L.

P. Peloso, D. Penninckx, M. Prunaire, and L. Noirie, ''Optical transparency of a heterogeneous pan-european network,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 242-248 (2004).

T. Zami, L. Noirie, F. Bruyère, and A. Jourdan, ''Crosstalk-induced degradation in an optical-noise-limited detection system,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC1999) (IEEE, 1999), pp. 255-257.

Olsson, N. A.

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, ''Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers fundamentals and technology,'' in Optics and Photonics (Academic, 1999), pp. 140-144.

Pachnicke, S.

Papadimitriou, D.

D. Papadimitriou and D. Penninckx, ''Physical routing impairments in wavelength-switched optical networks,'' Business Briefing: Global Optical Communication (World Market Research Center, 2002).

Pardo, F.

Peloso, P.

P. Peloso, D. Penninckx, M. Prunaire, and L. Noirie, ''Optical transparency of a heterogeneous pan-european network,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 242-248 (2004).

T. Zami, J.-C. Antona, P. Peloso, E. Le Rouzic, A. Morea, M. Joindot, B. Fracasso, P. Gravey, and M. Gagnaire, ''Dimensioning of WDM transparent networks based on the quality of transmission,'' Presented at the Broadband Europe Conference, Brugges, Belgium, 8 December 2004.

Pendock, G.

J. Zyskind, R. Barry, G. Pendock, M. Cahill, and J. Ranka, ''High-capacity, ultra-long-haul networks,'' in Optical Fiber Telecommunication, IV B, Systems and Impairments, I.Kaminov and T.Li, eds. (Academic, Elsevier Science Imprint, 2002), pp. 198-231.

Penninckx, D.

P. Peloso, D. Penninckx, M. Prunaire, and L. Noirie, ''Optical transparency of a heterogeneous pan-european network,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 242-248 (2004).

D. Papadimitriou and D. Penninckx, ''Physical routing impairments in wavelength-switched optical networks,'' Business Briefing: Global Optical Communication (World Market Research Center, 2002).

Pinart, C.

R. Martinez, C. Pinart, F. Cugini, N. Andriolli, L. Vakarenghi, P. Castoldi, L. Wosinska, J. Cornelias, and G. Junyent, ''Challenges and requirements for introducing impairment-awareness into the management and control planes of ASON/GMPLS WDM networks,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 76-85 (2006).

Poirrier, J.

A. Morea and J. Poirrier, ''A critical analysis of the possible cost savings of translucent networks,'' in Proceedings of Design of Reliable Communication Networks (DRCN05) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 311-317.

Politi, C.

C. Politi, V. Anagnostopoulos, C. Matrakidis, and A. Stavdas, ''Physical layer impairment aware routing algorithms based on analitically calculated Q-factor,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2005 (IEEE, 2005), paper OFG1.

Prunaire, M.

Rai, S.

S. Rai, B. Mukherjee, C.-F. Su, and T. Hamada, ''Provisioning in ultra-long-haul optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper OWR4.

Ramamurthy, B.

X. Yang and B. Ramamurthy, ''Dynamic routing in translucent WDM optical networks: the intradomain case,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 955-971 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Ramamurthy, S. Yaragorla, and X. Yang, ''Translucent optical WDM networks for the next-generation backbone networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Globecom'01 (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 1, pp. 60-64.

Ramaswami, R.

R. Ramaswami and K. Sivarajan, ''Optimal routing and wavelength assignment in all-optical networks,'' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 3, 489-500 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rambach, F.

S. Duhovnikov, D. A. Schupke, G. Lehmann, T. Fischer, and F. Rambach, ''Dynamic RWA for all optical networks using linear constraints for optical path feasibility assessment,'' in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC06) (IEEE, 2006) Vol. 3, pp. 391-392.

Ranka, J.

J. Zyskind, R. Barry, G. Pendock, M. Cahill, and J. Ranka, ''High-capacity, ultra-long-haul networks,'' in Optical Fiber Telecommunication, IV B, Systems and Impairments, I.Kaminov and T.Li, eds. (Academic, Elsevier Science Imprint, 2002), pp. 198-231.

Raphael, B.

P. E. Hart, N. J. Nilsson, and B. Raphael, ''Correction to A formal basis for the heuristic determination of minimum cost paths,'' SIGART Newsletter 37, 28-29 (1972).

P. E. Hart, N. J. Nilsson, and B. Raphael, ''A formal basis for the heuristic determination of minimum cost paths,'' IEEE Trans. Syst. Sci. Cybern. 2, 100-107 (1968).

Ruffin, A. B.

Sabella, R.

Saleh, A. A. M.

Schupke, D. A.

M. Batayneh, D. A. Schupke, M. Hoffmann, A. Kirstaedter, and B. Mukherjee, ''On reliable and cost-efficient design of carrier-grade Ethernet in a multi-line rate network under transmission-range constraints,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2007) (IEEE, 2007), paper PDP10.

S. Duhovnikov, D. A. Schupke, G. Lehmann, T. Fischer, and F. Rambach, ''Dynamic RWA for all optical networks using linear constraints for optical path feasibility assessment,'' in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC06) (IEEE, 2006) Vol. 3, pp. 391-392.

Sengupta, B.

D. Cavendish, A. Kolarov, and B. Sengupta, ''Routing and wavelength assignment in WDM mesh networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Globecom'04 (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 2, pp. 1016-1022.

Simmons, J. M.

Simon, M. E.

Simpson, J. R.

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, ''Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers fundamentals and technology,'' in Optics and Photonics (Academic, 1999), pp. 140-144.

Sivarajan, K.

R. Ramaswami and K. Sivarajan, ''Optimal routing and wavelength assignment in all-optical networks,'' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 3, 489-500 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Stavdas, A.

C. Politi, V. Anagnostopoulos, C. Matrakidis, and A. Stavdas, ''Physical layer impairment aware routing algorithms based on analitically calculated Q-factor,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2005 (IEEE, 2005), paper OFG1.

Strand, J.

J. Strand and A. L. Chiu, ''Issues for routing in the optical layer,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 81-87 (2001).

Su, C.-F.

S. Rai, B. Mukherjee, C.-F. Su, and T. Hamada, ''Provisioning in ultra-long-haul optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper OWR4.

Suurballe, J. W.

J. W. Suurballe and R. E. Tarjan, ''A quick method for finding shortest pairs of disjoint paths,'' Networks 14, 325-336 (1984).

Sygletos, S.

I. Tomkos, S. Sygletos, A. Tzanakaki, and G. Markidis, ''Impairment constraint based routing in mesh optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper OWR1.

Tarjan, R. E.

J. W. Suurballe and R. E. Tarjan, ''A quick method for finding shortest pairs of disjoint paths,'' Networks 14, 325-336 (1984).

Tomkos, I.

I. Tomkos, S. Sygletos, A. Tzanakaki, and G. Markidis, ''Impairment constraint based routing in mesh optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper OWR1.

P. Kulkarni, A. Tzanakaki, C. M. Machuka, and I. Tomkos, ''Benefits of Q-factor based routing in WDM metro networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE ECOC'05 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 981-982.

Tzanakaki, A.

I. Tomkos, S. Sygletos, A. Tzanakaki, and G. Markidis, ''Impairment constraint based routing in mesh optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper OWR1.

P. Kulkarni, A. Tzanakaki, C. M. Machuka, and I. Tomkos, ''Benefits of Q-factor based routing in WDM metro networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE ECOC'05 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 981-982.

Vakarenghi, L.

R. Martinez, C. Pinart, F. Cugini, N. Andriolli, L. Vakarenghi, P. Castoldi, L. Wosinska, J. Cornelias, and G. Junyent, ''Challenges and requirements for introducing impairment-awareness into the management and control planes of ASON/GMPLS WDM networks,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 76-85 (2006).

Voges, E.

Wagner, R. E.

A. Dwivedi and R. E. Wagner, ''Traffic model for USA long-distance optical network,'' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper TuK1.

Windmann, M.

Winzer, P. J.

R.-J. Essiamble, P. J. Winzer, and D. F. Grosz, ''Impact of DCF properties on system design,'' J. Opt. Fiber. Commun. Rep. 3, 221-291 (2006).

Wosinska, L.

R. Martinez, C. Pinart, F. Cugini, N. Andriolli, L. Vakarenghi, P. Castoldi, L. Wosinska, J. Cornelias, and G. Junyent, ''Challenges and requirements for introducing impairment-awareness into the management and control planes of ASON/GMPLS WDM networks,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 76-85 (2006).

Yang, X.

X. Yang and B. Ramamurthy, ''Dynamic routing in translucent WDM optical networks: the intradomain case,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 955-971 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Ramamurthy, S. Yaragorla, and X. Yang, ''Translucent optical WDM networks for the next-generation backbone networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Globecom'01 (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 1, pp. 60-64.

Yaragorla, S.

B. Ramamurthy, S. Yaragorla, and X. Yang, ''Translucent optical WDM networks for the next-generation backbone networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Globecom'01 (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 1, pp. 60-64.

Zami, T.

T. Zami, L. Noirie, F. Bruyère, and A. Jourdan, ''Crosstalk-induced degradation in an optical-noise-limited detection system,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC1999) (IEEE, 1999), pp. 255-257.

T. Zami, J.-C. Antona, P. Peloso, E. Le Rouzic, A. Morea, M. Joindot, B. Fracasso, P. Gravey, and M. Gagnaire, ''Dimensioning of WDM transparent networks based on the quality of transmission,'' Presented at the Broadband Europe Conference, Brugges, Belgium, 8 December 2004.

F. Leplingard, T. Zami, A. Morea, and N. Brogard are preparing a paper to be called ''Determination of the impact of a quality of transmission estimator margin on the dimensioning of an optical network.''

Zyskind, J.

J. Zyskind, R. Barry, G. Pendock, M. Cahill, and J. Ranka, ''High-capacity, ultra-long-haul networks,'' in Optical Fiber Telecommunication, IV B, Systems and Impairments, I.Kaminov and T.Li, eds. (Academic, Elsevier Science Imprint, 2002), pp. 198-231.

IEEE Commun. Mag.

S. Mechels, ''1D MEMs-based wavelength switching subsystem,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 88-94 (2003).

J. Strand and A. L. Chiu, ''Issues for routing in the optical layer,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 81-87 (2001).

R. Martinez, C. Pinart, F. Cugini, N. Andriolli, L. Vakarenghi, P. Castoldi, L. Wosinska, J. Cornelias, and G. Junyent, ''Challenges and requirements for introducing impairment-awareness into the management and control planes of ASON/GMPLS WDM networks,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 76-85 (2006).

IEEE Trans. Syst. Sci. Cybern.

P. E. Hart, N. J. Nilsson, and B. Raphael, ''A formal basis for the heuristic determination of minimum cost paths,'' IEEE Trans. Syst. Sci. Cybern. 2, 100-107 (1968).

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw.

R. Ramaswami and K. Sivarajan, ''Optimal routing and wavelength assignment in all-optical networks,'' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 3, 489-500 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Fiber. Commun. Rep.

R.-J. Essiamble, P. J. Winzer, and D. F. Grosz, ''Impact of DCF properties on system design,'' J. Opt. Fiber. Commun. Rep. 3, 221-291 (2006).

Networks

J. W. Suurballe and R. E. Tarjan, ''A quick method for finding shortest pairs of disjoint paths,'' Networks 14, 325-336 (1984).

Numer. Math.

E. W. Dijkstra, ''A note on two problems in connection with graphs,'' Numer. Math. 1, 269-271 (1959).
[CrossRef]

SIGART Newsletter

P. E. Hart, N. J. Nilsson, and B. Raphael, ''Correction to A formal basis for the heuristic determination of minimum cost paths,'' SIGART Newsletter 37, 28-29 (1972).

Other

C. Chien and S. Banerjee, ''A new model for optimal routing in all-optical networks with scalable number of wavelength converters,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Globecom'95 (IEEE, 1995), pp. 993-997.

F. Leplingard, T. Zami, A. Morea, and N. Brogard are preparing a paper to be called ''Determination of the impact of a quality of transmission estimator margin on the dimensioning of an optical network.''

ITU-T Recommendation G.691, ''Optical interfaces for single-channel STM-64, STM-256 and other SDH systems with optical interfaces'' (ITU, 2000).

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, ''Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers fundamentals and technology,'' in Optics and Photonics (Academic, 1999), pp. 140-144.

T. Zami, L. Noirie, F. Bruyère, and A. Jourdan, ''Crosstalk-induced degradation in an optical-noise-limited detection system,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC1999) (IEEE, 1999), pp. 255-257.

J. Zyskind, R. Barry, G. Pendock, M. Cahill, and J. Ranka, ''High-capacity, ultra-long-haul networks,'' in Optical Fiber Telecommunication, IV B, Systems and Impairments, I.Kaminov and T.Li, eds. (Academic, Elsevier Science Imprint, 2002), pp. 198-231.

H. Kogelnik, R. M. Jopson, and L. E. Nelson, ''Polarization-mode dispersion,'' in Optical Fiber Telecommunication, IV B, Systems and Impairments, I.Kaminov and T.Li, eds. (Academic, Elsevier Science Imprint, 2002), pp. 725-861.

M. Batayneh, D. A. Schupke, M. Hoffmann, A. Kirstaedter, and B. Mukherjee, ''On reliable and cost-efficient design of carrier-grade Ethernet in a multi-line rate network under transmission-range constraints,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2007) (IEEE, 2007), paper PDP10.

A. Morea and J. Poirrier, ''A critical analysis of the possible cost savings of translucent networks,'' in Proceedings of Design of Reliable Communication Networks (DRCN05) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 311-317.

A. Dwivedi and R. E. Wagner, ''Traffic model for USA long-distance optical network,'' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper TuK1.

ITU-T Recommendation G.652, ''Characteristics of a single-mode optical fiber and cable,'' (ITU, 2005).

S. Duhovnikov, D. A. Schupke, G. Lehmann, T. Fischer, and F. Rambach, ''Dynamic RWA for all optical networks using linear constraints for optical path feasibility assessment,'' in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC06) (IEEE, 2006) Vol. 3, pp. 391-392.

S. Rai, B. Mukherjee, C.-F. Su, and T. Hamada, ''Provisioning in ultra-long-haul optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper OWR4.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

T. Zami, J.-C. Antona, P. Peloso, E. Le Rouzic, A. Morea, M. Joindot, B. Fracasso, P. Gravey, and M. Gagnaire, ''Dimensioning of WDM transparent networks based on the quality of transmission,'' Presented at the Broadband Europe Conference, Brugges, Belgium, 8 December 2004.

J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, and J. F. Faure, ''Nonlinear cumulated phase as a criterion to assess performance of terrestrial WDM systems,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2002) (IEEE, 2002), pp. 365-366.

D. Papadimitriou and D. Penninckx, ''Physical routing impairments in wavelength-switched optical networks,'' Business Briefing: Global Optical Communication (World Market Research Center, 2002).

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, 2 ed. (Academic, 1997).

I. Tomkos, S. Sygletos, A. Tzanakaki, and G. Markidis, ''Impairment constraint based routing in mesh optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper OWR1.

J. C. Li, K. Hinton, S. D. Dods, and P. M. Farrell, ''Enabling ASON routing via novel signal quality metrics,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper OWR6.

C. Politi, V. Anagnostopoulos, C. Matrakidis, and A. Stavdas, ''Physical layer impairment aware routing algorithms based on analitically calculated Q-factor,'' in Proceedings of IEEE/OSA OFC2005 (IEEE, 2005), paper OFG1.

P. Kulkarni, A. Tzanakaki, C. M. Machuka, and I. Tomkos, ''Benefits of Q-factor based routing in WDM metro networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE ECOC'05 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 981-982.

B. Ramamurthy, S. Yaragorla, and X. Yang, ''Translucent optical WDM networks for the next-generation backbone networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Globecom'01 (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 1, pp. 60-64.

A. Ehrhardt, ''Next generation optical networks: an operator's point of view,'' in Proceedings of IEEE ICTON'06 (IEEE, 2006), pp. 93-97.

R. Cardillo, V. Curri, and M. Mellia, ''Considering transmission impairments in wavelength routed networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE ONDM'05 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 421-429.

D. Cavendish, A. Kolarov, and B. Sengupta, ''Routing and wavelength assignment in WDM mesh networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Globecom'04 (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 2, pp. 1016-1022.

C. Chen and S. Banerjee, ''A new model for optimal routing and wavelength assignment in wavelength division multiplexed optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM'96 (IEEE, 1996), pp. 993-997.

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