Abstract

We analyze the mean packet delay in an Ethernet passive optical network (EPON) with gated service. For an EPON with a single optical network unit (ONU), we derive (i) a closed form delay expression for reporting at the end of an upstream transmission, and (ii) a Markov chain-based approach requiring the numerical solution of a system of equations for reporting at the beginning of an upstream transmission. Reporting at the beginning, which has not been previously examined in detail, achieves significantly smaller delays than reporting at the end of an upstream transmission for a small number of ONUs. Both of these analyses are fundamentally different from existing polling system analyses in that they consider the dependent switchover times of the EPON. We extend the analysis for reporting at the beginning of an upstream transmission to approximate the mean packet delay in an EPON with multiple ONUs and verify the accuracy of the analysis with simulations. Overall, our numerical results indicate that for utilizations up to ~75%, the mean packet delay is close to its minimum of four times the one-way propagation delay.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. F. An, K. Kim, D. Gutierrez, S. Yam, E. Hu, K. Shrikhande, and L. Kazovsky, ''SUCCESS: a next-generation hybrid WDM/TDM optical access network architecture,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2557-2569 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, ''Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,'' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. X. Bai, A. Shami, and C. Assi, ''Statistical bandwidth multiplexing in Ethernet passive optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 4, pp. 1920-1924.
  4. A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, ''Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: a review,'' J. Opt. Netw. 4, 737-758 (2005).
  5. C. Foh, L. Andrew, E. Wong, and M. Zukerman, ''FULL-RCMA: a high utilization EPON,'' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1514-1524 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Hajduczenia, H. da Silva, and P. Monteiro, ''On efficiency of Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),'' in Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Computers and Communications (ISCC) (IEEE, 2006), pp. 566-571.
  7. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, ''Ethernet PON (ePON): design and analysis of an optical access network,'' Photonic Network Commun. 3, 307-319 (2001).
  8. K. Kwong, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, ''Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for differentiated services over WDM EPONs,'' in Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Communications Systems (IEEE, 2004), pp. 116-120.
  9. M. Ma, Y. Zhu, and T. Cheng, ''A bandwidth guaranteed polling MAC protocol for Ethernet passive optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 22-31.
  10. R. Mastrodonato and G. Paltenghi, ''Analysis of a bandwidth allocation protocol for Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),'' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 241-244.
  11. M. McGarry, M. Maier, and M. Reisslein, ''Ethernet PONs: a survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) algorithms,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(8), S8-S15 (2004).
  12. H. Naser and H. Mouftah, ''A joint-ONU interval-based dynamic scheduling algorithm for Ethernet passive optical networks,'' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 14, 889-899 (2006).
  13. A. Shami, X. Bai, C. Assi, and N. Ghani, ''Jitter performance in Ethernet passive optical networks,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1745-1753 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Sierra and S. V. Kartalopoulos, ''Evaluation of two prevalent EPON networks using simulation methods,'' in Proceedings of the Advanced International Conference on Telecommunications and International Conference on Internet and Web Applications and Services (IEEE, 2006) pp. 48-53.
  15. C. Xiao, B. Bing, and G. Chang, ''An efficient MAC protocol with pre-allocation for high-speed WDM passive optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Infocom (IEEE, 2005), pp. 444-454.
  16. H. Takagi, Analysis of Polling Systems (MIT, 1986).
  17. H. Takagi, ''Analysis and application of polling models,'' in Performance Evaluation: Origins and Directions, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, G.Haring, C.Lindemann, and M.Reiser, eds. (Springer, 2000), Vol. 1769, pp. 423-442.
  18. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, ''IPACT: a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(2), 74-80 (2002).
  19. G. Kramer, Ethernet Passive Optical Networks (McGraw-Hill, 2005).
  20. S. Bhatia and R. Bartos, ''Closed-form expression for the collision probability in the IEEE Ethernet passive optical network registration scheme,'' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 1-14 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  21. T. Holmberg, ''Analysis of EPONs under the static priority g scheduling scheme with fixed transmission times,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Next Generation Internet Design and Engineering (NGI) (IEEE, 2006) pp. 192-199.
  22. B. Lannoo, L. Verslegers, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, M. Gagnaire, and P. Demeester, ''Analytical model for the IPACT dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm in EPONs,'' J. Opt. Netw. 6, 677-688 (2007).
  23. Y. Luo and N. Ansari, ''Bandwidth management and delay control over EPONs,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing (HPSR) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 457-461.
  24. Y. Luo and N. Ansari, ''Dynamic upstream bandwidth allocation over Ethernet PONs,'' in Proceedings of IEEE ICC (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1853-1857.
  25. S. Bhatia, D. Garbuzov, and R. Bartos, ''Analysis of the gated IPACT scheme for EPONs,'' in Proceedings of IEEE ICC (IEEE, 2006), pp. 2693-2698.
  26. C. G. Park, D. H. Han, and K. W. Rim, ''Packet delay analysis of symmetric gated polling system for DBA scheme in an EPON,'' Telecommun. Syst. 30, 13-34 (2005).
  27. I. Eliazar, ''Gated polling systems with Levy inflow and inter-dependent switchover times: a dynamical-systems approach,'' Queueing Syst. 49, 49-72 (2005).
  28. I. Eliazar, ''From polling to snowplowing,'' Queueing Syst. 51, 115-133 (2005).
  29. R. Groenevelt and E. Altman, ''Analysis of alternating-priority queueing models with (cross) correlated switchover times,'' Queueing Syst. 51, 199-247 (2005).
  30. H. Levy and M. Sidi, ''Polling systems with correlated arrivals,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Infocom (IEEE, 1989), pp. 907-913.
  31. T. Lee and J. Sunjaya, ''Exact analysis of asymmetric random polling systems with single buffers and correlated input process,'' Queueing Syst. 23, 131-156 (1996).
  32. M. M. Srinivasan, S.-C. Niu, and R. B. Cooper, ''Relating polling models with zero and nonzero switchover times,'' Queueing Syst. 19, 149-168 (1995).
  33. D. P. Heyman and M. J. Sobel, Stochastic Models in Operations Research: Volume I: Stochastic Processes and Operating Characteristics (Courier Dover, 2003).
  34. L. Kleinrock, Queueing Systems: Volume I: Theory (Wiley, 1975).
  35. D. Bertsekas and R. Gallager, Data Networks, 2nd ed. (Prentice Hall, 1991).
  36. R. Sinha, C. Papadopoulos, and J. Heidemann, 'Internet packet size distributions: some observations,'' 2005, http://netweb.usc.edu/~rsinha/pkt-sizes/.

2007

2006

S. Bhatia, D. Garbuzov, and R. Bartos, ''Analysis of the gated IPACT scheme for EPONs,'' in Proceedings of IEEE ICC (IEEE, 2006), pp. 2693-2698.

T. Holmberg, ''Analysis of EPONs under the static priority g scheduling scheme with fixed transmission times,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Next Generation Internet Design and Engineering (NGI) (IEEE, 2006) pp. 192-199.

M. Hajduczenia, H. da Silva, and P. Monteiro, ''On efficiency of Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),'' in Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Computers and Communications (ISCC) (IEEE, 2006), pp. 566-571.

H. Naser and H. Mouftah, ''A joint-ONU interval-based dynamic scheduling algorithm for Ethernet passive optical networks,'' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 14, 889-899 (2006).

A. Sierra and S. V. Kartalopoulos, ''Evaluation of two prevalent EPON networks using simulation methods,'' in Proceedings of the Advanced International Conference on Telecommunications and International Conference on Internet and Web Applications and Services (IEEE, 2006) pp. 48-53.

2005

C. Xiao, B. Bing, and G. Chang, ''An efficient MAC protocol with pre-allocation for high-speed WDM passive optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Infocom (IEEE, 2005), pp. 444-454.

A. Shami, X. Bai, C. Assi, and N. Ghani, ''Jitter performance in Ethernet passive optical networks,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1745-1753 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Mastrodonato and G. Paltenghi, ''Analysis of a bandwidth allocation protocol for Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),'' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 241-244.

X. Bai, A. Shami, and C. Assi, ''Statistical bandwidth multiplexing in Ethernet passive optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 4, pp. 1920-1924.

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, ''Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: a review,'' J. Opt. Netw. 4, 737-758 (2005).

R. Sinha, C. Papadopoulos, and J. Heidemann, 'Internet packet size distributions: some observations,'' 2005, http://netweb.usc.edu/~rsinha/pkt-sizes/.

C. G. Park, D. H. Han, and K. W. Rim, ''Packet delay analysis of symmetric gated polling system for DBA scheme in an EPON,'' Telecommun. Syst. 30, 13-34 (2005).

I. Eliazar, ''Gated polling systems with Levy inflow and inter-dependent switchover times: a dynamical-systems approach,'' Queueing Syst. 49, 49-72 (2005).

I. Eliazar, ''From polling to snowplowing,'' Queueing Syst. 51, 115-133 (2005).

R. Groenevelt and E. Altman, ''Analysis of alternating-priority queueing models with (cross) correlated switchover times,'' Queueing Syst. 51, 199-247 (2005).

Y. Luo and N. Ansari, ''Bandwidth management and delay control over EPONs,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing (HPSR) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 457-461.

Y. Luo and N. Ansari, ''Dynamic upstream bandwidth allocation over Ethernet PONs,'' in Proceedings of IEEE ICC (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1853-1857.

G. Kramer, Ethernet Passive Optical Networks (McGraw-Hill, 2005).

S. Bhatia and R. Bartos, ''Closed-form expression for the collision probability in the IEEE Ethernet passive optical network registration scheme,'' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 1-14 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

C. Foh, L. Andrew, E. Wong, and M. Zukerman, ''FULL-RCMA: a high utilization EPON,'' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1514-1524 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. An, K. Kim, D. Gutierrez, S. Yam, E. Hu, K. Shrikhande, and L. Kazovsky, ''SUCCESS: a next-generation hybrid WDM/TDM optical access network architecture,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2557-2569 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Kwong, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, ''Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for differentiated services over WDM EPONs,'' in Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Communications Systems (IEEE, 2004), pp. 116-120.

M. McGarry, M. Maier, and M. Reisslein, ''Ethernet PONs: a survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) algorithms,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(8), S8-S15 (2004).

2003

M. Ma, Y. Zhu, and T. Cheng, ''A bandwidth guaranteed polling MAC protocol for Ethernet passive optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 22-31.

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, ''Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,'' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Heyman and M. J. Sobel, Stochastic Models in Operations Research: Volume I: Stochastic Processes and Operating Characteristics (Courier Dover, 2003).

2002

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, ''IPACT: a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(2), 74-80 (2002).

2001

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, ''Ethernet PON (ePON): design and analysis of an optical access network,'' Photonic Network Commun. 3, 307-319 (2001).

2000

H. Takagi, ''Analysis and application of polling models,'' in Performance Evaluation: Origins and Directions, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, G.Haring, C.Lindemann, and M.Reiser, eds. (Springer, 2000), Vol. 1769, pp. 423-442.

1996

T. Lee and J. Sunjaya, ''Exact analysis of asymmetric random polling systems with single buffers and correlated input process,'' Queueing Syst. 23, 131-156 (1996).

1995

M. M. Srinivasan, S.-C. Niu, and R. B. Cooper, ''Relating polling models with zero and nonzero switchover times,'' Queueing Syst. 19, 149-168 (1995).

1991

D. Bertsekas and R. Gallager, Data Networks, 2nd ed. (Prentice Hall, 1991).

1989

H. Levy and M. Sidi, ''Polling systems with correlated arrivals,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Infocom (IEEE, 1989), pp. 907-913.

1986

H. Takagi, Analysis of Polling Systems (MIT, 1986).

1975

L. Kleinrock, Queueing Systems: Volume I: Theory (Wiley, 1975).

Ali, M.

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, ''Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,'' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Altman, E.

R. Groenevelt and E. Altman, ''Analysis of alternating-priority queueing models with (cross) correlated switchover times,'' Queueing Syst. 51, 199-247 (2005).

An, F.

Andonovic, I.

K. Kwong, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, ''Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for differentiated services over WDM EPONs,'' in Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Communications Systems (IEEE, 2004), pp. 116-120.

Andrew, L.

C. Foh, L. Andrew, E. Wong, and M. Zukerman, ''FULL-RCMA: a high utilization EPON,'' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1514-1524 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ansari, N.

Y. Luo and N. Ansari, ''Bandwidth management and delay control over EPONs,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing (HPSR) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 457-461.

Y. Luo and N. Ansari, ''Dynamic upstream bandwidth allocation over Ethernet PONs,'' in Proceedings of IEEE ICC (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1853-1857.

Assi, C.

A. Shami, X. Bai, C. Assi, and N. Ghani, ''Jitter performance in Ethernet passive optical networks,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1745-1753 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Bai, A. Shami, and C. Assi, ''Statistical bandwidth multiplexing in Ethernet passive optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 4, pp. 1920-1924.

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, ''Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,'' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bai, X.

X. Bai, A. Shami, and C. Assi, ''Statistical bandwidth multiplexing in Ethernet passive optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 4, pp. 1920-1924.

A. Shami, X. Bai, C. Assi, and N. Ghani, ''Jitter performance in Ethernet passive optical networks,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1745-1753 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Banerjee, A.

Bartos, R.

S. Bhatia, D. Garbuzov, and R. Bartos, ''Analysis of the gated IPACT scheme for EPONs,'' in Proceedings of IEEE ICC (IEEE, 2006), pp. 2693-2698.

S. Bhatia and R. Bartos, ''Closed-form expression for the collision probability in the IEEE Ethernet passive optical network registration scheme,'' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 1-14 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bertsekas, D.

D. Bertsekas and R. Gallager, Data Networks, 2nd ed. (Prentice Hall, 1991).

Bhatia, S.

S. Bhatia, D. Garbuzov, and R. Bartos, ''Analysis of the gated IPACT scheme for EPONs,'' in Proceedings of IEEE ICC (IEEE, 2006), pp. 2693-2698.

S. Bhatia and R. Bartos, ''Closed-form expression for the collision probability in the IEEE Ethernet passive optical network registration scheme,'' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 1-14 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bing, B.

C. Xiao, B. Bing, and G. Chang, ''An efficient MAC protocol with pre-allocation for high-speed WDM passive optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Infocom (IEEE, 2005), pp. 444-454.

Chang, G.

C. Xiao, B. Bing, and G. Chang, ''An efficient MAC protocol with pre-allocation for high-speed WDM passive optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Infocom (IEEE, 2005), pp. 444-454.

Cheng, T.

M. Ma, Y. Zhu, and T. Cheng, ''A bandwidth guaranteed polling MAC protocol for Ethernet passive optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 22-31.

Clarke, F.

Colle, D.

Cooper, R. B.

M. M. Srinivasan, S.-C. Niu, and R. B. Cooper, ''Relating polling models with zero and nonzero switchover times,'' Queueing Syst. 19, 149-168 (1995).

da Silva, H.

M. Hajduczenia, H. da Silva, and P. Monteiro, ''On efficiency of Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),'' in Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Computers and Communications (ISCC) (IEEE, 2006), pp. 566-571.

Demeester, P.

Dixit, S.

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, ''Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,'' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Eliazar, I.

I. Eliazar, ''Gated polling systems with Levy inflow and inter-dependent switchover times: a dynamical-systems approach,'' Queueing Syst. 49, 49-72 (2005).

I. Eliazar, ''From polling to snowplowing,'' Queueing Syst. 51, 115-133 (2005).

Foh, C.

C. Foh, L. Andrew, E. Wong, and M. Zukerman, ''FULL-RCMA: a high utilization EPON,'' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1514-1524 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gagnaire, M.

Gallager, R.

D. Bertsekas and R. Gallager, Data Networks, 2nd ed. (Prentice Hall, 1991).

Garbuzov, D.

S. Bhatia, D. Garbuzov, and R. Bartos, ''Analysis of the gated IPACT scheme for EPONs,'' in Proceedings of IEEE ICC (IEEE, 2006), pp. 2693-2698.

Ghani, N.

Groenevelt, R.

R. Groenevelt and E. Altman, ''Analysis of alternating-priority queueing models with (cross) correlated switchover times,'' Queueing Syst. 51, 199-247 (2005).

Gutierrez, D.

Hajduczenia, M.

M. Hajduczenia, H. da Silva, and P. Monteiro, ''On efficiency of Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),'' in Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Computers and Communications (ISCC) (IEEE, 2006), pp. 566-571.

Han, D. H.

C. G. Park, D. H. Han, and K. W. Rim, ''Packet delay analysis of symmetric gated polling system for DBA scheme in an EPON,'' Telecommun. Syst. 30, 13-34 (2005).

Harle, D.

K. Kwong, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, ''Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for differentiated services over WDM EPONs,'' in Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Communications Systems (IEEE, 2004), pp. 116-120.

Heidemann, J.

R. Sinha, C. Papadopoulos, and J. Heidemann, 'Internet packet size distributions: some observations,'' 2005, http://netweb.usc.edu/~rsinha/pkt-sizes/.

Heyman, D. P.

D. P. Heyman and M. J. Sobel, Stochastic Models in Operations Research: Volume I: Stochastic Processes and Operating Characteristics (Courier Dover, 2003).

Holmberg, T.

T. Holmberg, ''Analysis of EPONs under the static priority g scheduling scheme with fixed transmission times,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Next Generation Internet Design and Engineering (NGI) (IEEE, 2006) pp. 192-199.

Hu, E.

Kartalopoulos, S. V.

A. Sierra and S. V. Kartalopoulos, ''Evaluation of two prevalent EPON networks using simulation methods,'' in Proceedings of the Advanced International Conference on Telecommunications and International Conference on Internet and Web Applications and Services (IEEE, 2006) pp. 48-53.

Kazovsky, L.

Kim, K.

Kleinrock, L.

L. Kleinrock, Queueing Systems: Volume I: Theory (Wiley, 1975).

Kramer, G.

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, ''Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: a review,'' J. Opt. Netw. 4, 737-758 (2005).

G. Kramer, Ethernet Passive Optical Networks (McGraw-Hill, 2005).

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, ''IPACT: a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(2), 74-80 (2002).

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, ''Ethernet PON (ePON): design and analysis of an optical access network,'' Photonic Network Commun. 3, 307-319 (2001).

Kwong, K.

K. Kwong, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, ''Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for differentiated services over WDM EPONs,'' in Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Communications Systems (IEEE, 2004), pp. 116-120.

Lannoo, B.

Lee, T.

T. Lee and J. Sunjaya, ''Exact analysis of asymmetric random polling systems with single buffers and correlated input process,'' Queueing Syst. 23, 131-156 (1996).

Levy, H.

H. Levy and M. Sidi, ''Polling systems with correlated arrivals,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Infocom (IEEE, 1989), pp. 907-913.

Luo, Y.

Y. Luo and N. Ansari, ''Dynamic upstream bandwidth allocation over Ethernet PONs,'' in Proceedings of IEEE ICC (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1853-1857.

Y. Luo and N. Ansari, ''Bandwidth management and delay control over EPONs,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing (HPSR) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 457-461.

Ma, M.

M. Ma, Y. Zhu, and T. Cheng, ''A bandwidth guaranteed polling MAC protocol for Ethernet passive optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 22-31.

Maier, M.

M. McGarry, M. Maier, and M. Reisslein, ''Ethernet PONs: a survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) algorithms,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(8), S8-S15 (2004).

Mastrodonato, R.

R. Mastrodonato and G. Paltenghi, ''Analysis of a bandwidth allocation protocol for Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),'' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 241-244.

McGarry, M.

M. McGarry, M. Maier, and M. Reisslein, ''Ethernet PONs: a survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) algorithms,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(8), S8-S15 (2004).

Monteiro, P.

M. Hajduczenia, H. da Silva, and P. Monteiro, ''On efficiency of Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),'' in Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Computers and Communications (ISCC) (IEEE, 2006), pp. 566-571.

Mouftah, H.

H. Naser and H. Mouftah, ''A joint-ONU interval-based dynamic scheduling algorithm for Ethernet passive optical networks,'' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 14, 889-899 (2006).

Mukherjee, B.

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, ''Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: a review,'' J. Opt. Netw. 4, 737-758 (2005).

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, ''IPACT: a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(2), 74-80 (2002).

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, ''Ethernet PON (ePON): design and analysis of an optical access network,'' Photonic Network Commun. 3, 307-319 (2001).

Naser, H.

H. Naser and H. Mouftah, ''A joint-ONU interval-based dynamic scheduling algorithm for Ethernet passive optical networks,'' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 14, 889-899 (2006).

Niu, S.-C.

M. M. Srinivasan, S.-C. Niu, and R. B. Cooper, ''Relating polling models with zero and nonzero switchover times,'' Queueing Syst. 19, 149-168 (1995).

Paltenghi, G.

R. Mastrodonato and G. Paltenghi, ''Analysis of a bandwidth allocation protocol for Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),'' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 241-244.

Papadopoulos, C.

R. Sinha, C. Papadopoulos, and J. Heidemann, 'Internet packet size distributions: some observations,'' 2005, http://netweb.usc.edu/~rsinha/pkt-sizes/.

Park, C. G.

C. G. Park, D. H. Han, and K. W. Rim, ''Packet delay analysis of symmetric gated polling system for DBA scheme in an EPON,'' Telecommun. Syst. 30, 13-34 (2005).

Park, Y.

Pesavento, G.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, ''IPACT: a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(2), 74-80 (2002).

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, ''Ethernet PON (ePON): design and analysis of an optical access network,'' Photonic Network Commun. 3, 307-319 (2001).

Pickavet, M.

Reisslein, M.

M. McGarry, M. Maier, and M. Reisslein, ''Ethernet PONs: a survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) algorithms,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(8), S8-S15 (2004).

Rim, K. W.

C. G. Park, D. H. Han, and K. W. Rim, ''Packet delay analysis of symmetric gated polling system for DBA scheme in an EPON,'' Telecommun. Syst. 30, 13-34 (2005).

Shami, A.

A. Shami, X. Bai, C. Assi, and N. Ghani, ''Jitter performance in Ethernet passive optical networks,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1745-1753 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Bai, A. Shami, and C. Assi, ''Statistical bandwidth multiplexing in Ethernet passive optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 4, pp. 1920-1924.

Shrikhande, K.

Sidi, M.

H. Levy and M. Sidi, ''Polling systems with correlated arrivals,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Infocom (IEEE, 1989), pp. 907-913.

Sierra, A.

A. Sierra and S. V. Kartalopoulos, ''Evaluation of two prevalent EPON networks using simulation methods,'' in Proceedings of the Advanced International Conference on Telecommunications and International Conference on Internet and Web Applications and Services (IEEE, 2006) pp. 48-53.

Sinha, R.

R. Sinha, C. Papadopoulos, and J. Heidemann, 'Internet packet size distributions: some observations,'' 2005, http://netweb.usc.edu/~rsinha/pkt-sizes/.

Sobel, M. J.

D. P. Heyman and M. J. Sobel, Stochastic Models in Operations Research: Volume I: Stochastic Processes and Operating Characteristics (Courier Dover, 2003).

Song, H.

Srinivasan, M. M.

M. M. Srinivasan, S.-C. Niu, and R. B. Cooper, ''Relating polling models with zero and nonzero switchover times,'' Queueing Syst. 19, 149-168 (1995).

Sunjaya, J.

T. Lee and J. Sunjaya, ''Exact analysis of asymmetric random polling systems with single buffers and correlated input process,'' Queueing Syst. 23, 131-156 (1996).

Takagi, H.

H. Takagi, ''Analysis and application of polling models,'' in Performance Evaluation: Origins and Directions, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, G.Haring, C.Lindemann, and M.Reiser, eds. (Springer, 2000), Vol. 1769, pp. 423-442.

H. Takagi, Analysis of Polling Systems (MIT, 1986).

Verslegers, L.

Wong, E.

C. Foh, L. Andrew, E. Wong, and M. Zukerman, ''FULL-RCMA: a high utilization EPON,'' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1514-1524 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, C.

C. Xiao, B. Bing, and G. Chang, ''An efficient MAC protocol with pre-allocation for high-speed WDM passive optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Infocom (IEEE, 2005), pp. 444-454.

Yam, S.

Yang, S.

Ye, Y.

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, ''Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,'' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

M. Ma, Y. Zhu, and T. Cheng, ''A bandwidth guaranteed polling MAC protocol for Ethernet passive optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 22-31.

Zukerman, M.

C. Foh, L. Andrew, E. Wong, and M. Zukerman, ''FULL-RCMA: a high utilization EPON,'' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1514-1524 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag.

M. McGarry, M. Maier, and M. Reisslein, ''Ethernet PONs: a survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) algorithms,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(8), S8-S15 (2004).

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, ''IPACT: a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(2), 74-80 (2002).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

C. Foh, L. Andrew, E. Wong, and M. Zukerman, ''FULL-RCMA: a high utilization EPON,'' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1514-1524 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, ''Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,'' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw.

H. Naser and H. Mouftah, ''A joint-ONU interval-based dynamic scheduling algorithm for Ethernet passive optical networks,'' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 14, 889-899 (2006).

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Netw.

Photonic Network Commun.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, ''Ethernet PON (ePON): design and analysis of an optical access network,'' Photonic Network Commun. 3, 307-319 (2001).

Queueing Syst.

T. Lee and J. Sunjaya, ''Exact analysis of asymmetric random polling systems with single buffers and correlated input process,'' Queueing Syst. 23, 131-156 (1996).

M. M. Srinivasan, S.-C. Niu, and R. B. Cooper, ''Relating polling models with zero and nonzero switchover times,'' Queueing Syst. 19, 149-168 (1995).

I. Eliazar, ''Gated polling systems with Levy inflow and inter-dependent switchover times: a dynamical-systems approach,'' Queueing Syst. 49, 49-72 (2005).

I. Eliazar, ''From polling to snowplowing,'' Queueing Syst. 51, 115-133 (2005).

R. Groenevelt and E. Altman, ''Analysis of alternating-priority queueing models with (cross) correlated switchover times,'' Queueing Syst. 51, 199-247 (2005).

Telecommun. Syst.

C. G. Park, D. H. Han, and K. W. Rim, ''Packet delay analysis of symmetric gated polling system for DBA scheme in an EPON,'' Telecommun. Syst. 30, 13-34 (2005).

Other

T. Holmberg, ''Analysis of EPONs under the static priority g scheduling scheme with fixed transmission times,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Next Generation Internet Design and Engineering (NGI) (IEEE, 2006) pp. 192-199.

D. P. Heyman and M. J. Sobel, Stochastic Models in Operations Research: Volume I: Stochastic Processes and Operating Characteristics (Courier Dover, 2003).

L. Kleinrock, Queueing Systems: Volume I: Theory (Wiley, 1975).

D. Bertsekas and R. Gallager, Data Networks, 2nd ed. (Prentice Hall, 1991).

R. Sinha, C. Papadopoulos, and J. Heidemann, 'Internet packet size distributions: some observations,'' 2005, http://netweb.usc.edu/~rsinha/pkt-sizes/.

H. Levy and M. Sidi, ''Polling systems with correlated arrivals,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Infocom (IEEE, 1989), pp. 907-913.

Y. Luo and N. Ansari, ''Bandwidth management and delay control over EPONs,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing (HPSR) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 457-461.

Y. Luo and N. Ansari, ''Dynamic upstream bandwidth allocation over Ethernet PONs,'' in Proceedings of IEEE ICC (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1853-1857.

S. Bhatia, D. Garbuzov, and R. Bartos, ''Analysis of the gated IPACT scheme for EPONs,'' in Proceedings of IEEE ICC (IEEE, 2006), pp. 2693-2698.

K. Kwong, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, ''Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for differentiated services over WDM EPONs,'' in Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Communications Systems (IEEE, 2004), pp. 116-120.

M. Ma, Y. Zhu, and T. Cheng, ''A bandwidth guaranteed polling MAC protocol for Ethernet passive optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 22-31.

R. Mastrodonato and G. Paltenghi, ''Analysis of a bandwidth allocation protocol for Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),'' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 241-244.

X. Bai, A. Shami, and C. Assi, ''Statistical bandwidth multiplexing in Ethernet passive optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 4, pp. 1920-1924.

A. Sierra and S. V. Kartalopoulos, ''Evaluation of two prevalent EPON networks using simulation methods,'' in Proceedings of the Advanced International Conference on Telecommunications and International Conference on Internet and Web Applications and Services (IEEE, 2006) pp. 48-53.

C. Xiao, B. Bing, and G. Chang, ''An efficient MAC protocol with pre-allocation for high-speed WDM passive optical networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE Infocom (IEEE, 2005), pp. 444-454.

H. Takagi, Analysis of Polling Systems (MIT, 1986).

H. Takagi, ''Analysis and application of polling models,'' in Performance Evaluation: Origins and Directions, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, G.Haring, C.Lindemann, and M.Reiser, eds. (Springer, 2000), Vol. 1769, pp. 423-442.

M. Hajduczenia, H. da Silva, and P. Monteiro, ''On efficiency of Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),'' in Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Computers and Communications (ISCC) (IEEE, 2006), pp. 566-571.

G. Kramer, Ethernet Passive Optical Networks (McGraw-Hill, 2005).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.