Abstract

Feature Issue on Passive Optical Network Architectures and Technologies

Service providers continuously stress the growing requirement for faster, cheaper, and more reliable deployment of broadband networks, forcing hardware manufacturers to respond by pursuing innovative, revolutionary solutions and driving down component complexity, installation time, installation skill level required, and, ultimately, the overall cost of deploying the said networks in the field. The current dramatic increase in the fiber-to-the-home (FTTH) deployment pace, along with the general desire to eventually migrate completely to these systems, puts the passive optical network (PON) deployment issues in the spotlight of current academic and system vendor research. We argue that even though PON systems are considered a low-cost solution for deploying broadband services, there is still an approximately 8% optimization margin, and thus handmade network structures should be subject to a straightforward though untrivial optimization process, resulting in an overall network deployment cost reduction of up to 8%, thereby leading to highly cost-efficient structures.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. H. Tauber, 'European FTTH: time for a last-minute equalizer?,' FibreSystems Europe 11, 16-18 (2005).
  2. J. McEntee, 'Testing times: the turn-up of 10 GbE,' FibreSystems Europe, June 2005, p. 25.
  3. M. Vincent, 'Blown-fibre network reaches for the sky,' FibreSystems Europe 8, 43-44 (2005).
  4. S. Curtis, 'Optical Ethernet sets the standard,' FibreSystems Europe , August 2003, p. 13.
  5. S. Saito, N. Kawanishi, and S. Yaguchi, 'Discharge power control for fusion splice of optical fiber,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2004) (IEEE, 2004).
  6. M. Takaya, T. Katagiri, S. Nagasawa, Y. Murakami, and S. Hatano, 'Design and development of optical fiber joining techniques for efficient construction of aerial distribution cable systems,' IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 23, 36-41 (2000).
  7. R. Machac, 'Lubrication techniques to allow placement of long lengths of innerduct and fiber optic cable in a conduit,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 4, 691-692 (1986).
  8. A. D. Yablon and R. T. Bise, 'Low-loss high-strength microstructured fiber fusion splices using GRIN fiber lenses,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 118-120 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Howard, 'Blown fibre experience in the local loop,' in Proceedings of the X International Symposium on Subscriber Loops and Services (ISSLS 88) (IEEE, 1988).
  10. N. Yoshimoto, 'NTT's deployment of FTTH services and future developments,' presented at the Fourth Annual FTTH Council Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, 3-6 October 2005.
  11. H. Shinohara, 'Broadband access in Japan: rapidly growing FTTH market,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, 72-78 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Abrams, P. C. Becker, Y. Fujimoto, V. O. Byrne, and D. Piehler, 'FTTP deployments in the United States and Japan--Equipment choices and service provider imperatives,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 236-246 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Maislos and M. Abrams, 'Fiber deployment in the United States: let's learn from Japan!,' presented at the Fourth Annual FTTH Council Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, 3-6 October 2005.
  14. G. Finnie, 'Next-generation broadband in Europe: the need for speed,' Heavy Reading, Vol. 3(5), March 2005.
  15. H. Tauber, 'Good old Europe at the speed of light?,' presented at the Fourth Annual FTTH Council Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, 3-6 October 2005.
  16. B. Whitman, 'Global FTTH risks and rewards,' presented at the Fourth Annual FTTH Council Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, 3-6 October 2005.
  17. IEEE white paper, 'Preparation of papers for IEEE transactions and journals (III 2004)' (IEEE, 2004).
  18. ITU-T Standard, G.984.1 'Gigabit-capable passive optical networks (G-PON): general characteristics' (ITU-T, 2003).
  19. Render and Vanderslice & Associates Report, April 2004, 'Fiber to the home--the third network,' (Render, Vanderslice & Associates, 2004).
  20. M. E. Ching and T. Liani, 'Passive optical networks,' white paper, available online at http://www.opticalzonu.com/Data/PassivelowbarOpticallowbarNetworkslowbarw.pdf (2005).
  21. E. Wendt, 'Passing the test: the secret of success in 10 GbE,' FibreSystems Europe 5, 16-19 (2005).
  22. R&D News, 'VCSELs lined up for datacoms networks,' FibreSystems Europe , August 2003, p. 8, 7.
  23. F. Hayashi, Y. Yuki, and T. Watanabe, 'Optical fiber cable installation techniques,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 4, 661-668 (1986).
  24. J. Kitzinger, 'The visibility graph among polygonal obstacles: a comparison of algorithms,' University of Mexico, available online at: http://www.cs.unm.edu/~treport/tr/03-05/Kitzingerthesis.pdf 2003.
  25. D. Sunday, 'The convex hull of a 2D point set or polygon,' available online at: http://softsurfer.com/Archive/algorithmlowbar0109/algorithmlowbar0109.htm 2006.
  26. D. Sunday, 'Fast winding number inclusion of a point in a polygon,' available online at: http://www.geometryalgorithms.com/Archive/algorithmlowbar0103/algorithmlowbar0103.htm 2006.
  27. D. MacKay, Information Theory, Inference, and Learning Algorithms (Cambridge University Press, 2003).
  28. J. B. MacQueen, 'Some methods for classification and analysis of multivariate observations,' presented at the Fifth Berkeley Symposium on Mathematical Statistics and Probability, Berkeley, Calif., 21 June-18 July 1965, Report date: 1967.

2005 (6)

H. Tauber, 'European FTTH: time for a last-minute equalizer?,' FibreSystems Europe 11, 16-18 (2005).

M. Vincent, 'Blown-fibre network reaches for the sky,' FibreSystems Europe 8, 43-44 (2005).

A. D. Yablon and R. T. Bise, 'Low-loss high-strength microstructured fiber fusion splices using GRIN fiber lenses,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 118-120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Shinohara, 'Broadband access in Japan: rapidly growing FTTH market,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, 72-78 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. Wendt, 'Passing the test: the secret of success in 10 GbE,' FibreSystems Europe 5, 16-19 (2005).

M. Abrams, P. C. Becker, Y. Fujimoto, V. O. Byrne, and D. Piehler, 'FTTP deployments in the United States and Japan--Equipment choices and service provider imperatives,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 236-246 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

R&D News, 'VCSELs lined up for datacoms networks,' FibreSystems Europe , August 2003, p. 8, 7.

S. Curtis, 'Optical Ethernet sets the standard,' FibreSystems Europe , August 2003, p. 13.

2000 (1)

M. Takaya, T. Katagiri, S. Nagasawa, Y. Murakami, and S. Hatano, 'Design and development of optical fiber joining techniques for efficient construction of aerial distribution cable systems,' IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 23, 36-41 (2000).

1986 (2)

R. Machac, 'Lubrication techniques to allow placement of long lengths of innerduct and fiber optic cable in a conduit,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 4, 691-692 (1986).

F. Hayashi, Y. Yuki, and T. Watanabe, 'Optical fiber cable installation techniques,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 4, 661-668 (1986).

Abrams, M.

M. Abrams, P. C. Becker, Y. Fujimoto, V. O. Byrne, and D. Piehler, 'FTTP deployments in the United States and Japan--Equipment choices and service provider imperatives,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 236-246 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Maislos and M. Abrams, 'Fiber deployment in the United States: let's learn from Japan!,' presented at the Fourth Annual FTTH Council Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, 3-6 October 2005.

Becker, P. C.

Bise, R. T.

A. D. Yablon and R. T. Bise, 'Low-loss high-strength microstructured fiber fusion splices using GRIN fiber lenses,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 118-120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Byrne, V. O.

Ching, M. E.

M. E. Ching and T. Liani, 'Passive optical networks,' white paper, available online at http://www.opticalzonu.com/Data/PassivelowbarOpticallowbarNetworkslowbarw.pdf (2005).

Curtis, S.

S. Curtis, 'Optical Ethernet sets the standard,' FibreSystems Europe , August 2003, p. 13.

Finnie, G.

G. Finnie, 'Next-generation broadband in Europe: the need for speed,' Heavy Reading, Vol. 3(5), March 2005.

Fujimoto, Y.

Hatano, S.

M. Takaya, T. Katagiri, S. Nagasawa, Y. Murakami, and S. Hatano, 'Design and development of optical fiber joining techniques for efficient construction of aerial distribution cable systems,' IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 23, 36-41 (2000).

Hayashi, F.

F. Hayashi, Y. Yuki, and T. Watanabe, 'Optical fiber cable installation techniques,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 4, 661-668 (1986).

Howard, M.

M. Howard, 'Blown fibre experience in the local loop,' in Proceedings of the X International Symposium on Subscriber Loops and Services (ISSLS 88) (IEEE, 1988).

Katagiri, T.

M. Takaya, T. Katagiri, S. Nagasawa, Y. Murakami, and S. Hatano, 'Design and development of optical fiber joining techniques for efficient construction of aerial distribution cable systems,' IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 23, 36-41 (2000).

Kawanishi, N.

S. Saito, N. Kawanishi, and S. Yaguchi, 'Discharge power control for fusion splice of optical fiber,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2004) (IEEE, 2004).

Kitzinger, J.

J. Kitzinger, 'The visibility graph among polygonal obstacles: a comparison of algorithms,' University of Mexico, available online at: http://www.cs.unm.edu/~treport/tr/03-05/Kitzingerthesis.pdf 2003.

Liani, T.

M. E. Ching and T. Liani, 'Passive optical networks,' white paper, available online at http://www.opticalzonu.com/Data/PassivelowbarOpticallowbarNetworkslowbarw.pdf (2005).

Machac, R.

R. Machac, 'Lubrication techniques to allow placement of long lengths of innerduct and fiber optic cable in a conduit,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 4, 691-692 (1986).

MacKay, D.

D. MacKay, Information Theory, Inference, and Learning Algorithms (Cambridge University Press, 2003).

MacQueen, J. B.

J. B. MacQueen, 'Some methods for classification and analysis of multivariate observations,' presented at the Fifth Berkeley Symposium on Mathematical Statistics and Probability, Berkeley, Calif., 21 June-18 July 1965, Report date: 1967.

Maislos, A.

A. Maislos and M. Abrams, 'Fiber deployment in the United States: let's learn from Japan!,' presented at the Fourth Annual FTTH Council Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, 3-6 October 2005.

McEntee, J.

J. McEntee, 'Testing times: the turn-up of 10 GbE,' FibreSystems Europe, June 2005, p. 25.

Murakami, Y.

M. Takaya, T. Katagiri, S. Nagasawa, Y. Murakami, and S. Hatano, 'Design and development of optical fiber joining techniques for efficient construction of aerial distribution cable systems,' IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 23, 36-41 (2000).

Nagasawa, S.

M. Takaya, T. Katagiri, S. Nagasawa, Y. Murakami, and S. Hatano, 'Design and development of optical fiber joining techniques for efficient construction of aerial distribution cable systems,' IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 23, 36-41 (2000).

Piehler, D.

Saito, S.

S. Saito, N. Kawanishi, and S. Yaguchi, 'Discharge power control for fusion splice of optical fiber,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2004) (IEEE, 2004).

Shinohara, H.

H. Shinohara, 'Broadband access in Japan: rapidly growing FTTH market,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, 72-78 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sunday, D.

D. Sunday, 'The convex hull of a 2D point set or polygon,' available online at: http://softsurfer.com/Archive/algorithmlowbar0109/algorithmlowbar0109.htm 2006.

D. Sunday, 'Fast winding number inclusion of a point in a polygon,' available online at: http://www.geometryalgorithms.com/Archive/algorithmlowbar0103/algorithmlowbar0103.htm 2006.

Takaya, M.

M. Takaya, T. Katagiri, S. Nagasawa, Y. Murakami, and S. Hatano, 'Design and development of optical fiber joining techniques for efficient construction of aerial distribution cable systems,' IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 23, 36-41 (2000).

Tauber, H.

H. Tauber, 'European FTTH: time for a last-minute equalizer?,' FibreSystems Europe 11, 16-18 (2005).

H. Tauber, 'Good old Europe at the speed of light?,' presented at the Fourth Annual FTTH Council Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, 3-6 October 2005.

Vincent, M.

M. Vincent, 'Blown-fibre network reaches for the sky,' FibreSystems Europe 8, 43-44 (2005).

Watanabe, T.

F. Hayashi, Y. Yuki, and T. Watanabe, 'Optical fiber cable installation techniques,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 4, 661-668 (1986).

Wendt, E.

E. Wendt, 'Passing the test: the secret of success in 10 GbE,' FibreSystems Europe 5, 16-19 (2005).

Whitman, B.

B. Whitman, 'Global FTTH risks and rewards,' presented at the Fourth Annual FTTH Council Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, 3-6 October 2005.

Yablon, A. D.

A. D. Yablon and R. T. Bise, 'Low-loss high-strength microstructured fiber fusion splices using GRIN fiber lenses,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 118-120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yaguchi, S.

S. Saito, N. Kawanishi, and S. Yaguchi, 'Discharge power control for fusion splice of optical fiber,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2004) (IEEE, 2004).

Yoshimoto, N.

N. Yoshimoto, 'NTT's deployment of FTTH services and future developments,' presented at the Fourth Annual FTTH Council Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, 3-6 October 2005.

Yuki, Y.

F. Hayashi, Y. Yuki, and T. Watanabe, 'Optical fiber cable installation techniques,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 4, 661-668 (1986).

FibreSystems Europe (5)

E. Wendt, 'Passing the test: the secret of success in 10 GbE,' FibreSystems Europe 5, 16-19 (2005).

R&D News, 'VCSELs lined up for datacoms networks,' FibreSystems Europe , August 2003, p. 8, 7.

H. Tauber, 'European FTTH: time for a last-minute equalizer?,' FibreSystems Europe 11, 16-18 (2005).

M. Vincent, 'Blown-fibre network reaches for the sky,' FibreSystems Europe 8, 43-44 (2005).

S. Curtis, 'Optical Ethernet sets the standard,' FibreSystems Europe , August 2003, p. 13.

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

H. Shinohara, 'Broadband access in Japan: rapidly growing FTTH market,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, 72-78 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (2)

R. Machac, 'Lubrication techniques to allow placement of long lengths of innerduct and fiber optic cable in a conduit,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 4, 691-692 (1986).

F. Hayashi, Y. Yuki, and T. Watanabe, 'Optical fiber cable installation techniques,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 4, 661-668 (1986).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. D. Yablon and R. T. Bise, 'Low-loss high-strength microstructured fiber fusion splices using GRIN fiber lenses,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 118-120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. (1)

M. Takaya, T. Katagiri, S. Nagasawa, Y. Murakami, and S. Hatano, 'Design and development of optical fiber joining techniques for efficient construction of aerial distribution cable systems,' IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 23, 36-41 (2000).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Other (17)

M. Howard, 'Blown fibre experience in the local loop,' in Proceedings of the X International Symposium on Subscriber Loops and Services (ISSLS 88) (IEEE, 1988).

N. Yoshimoto, 'NTT's deployment of FTTH services and future developments,' presented at the Fourth Annual FTTH Council Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, 3-6 October 2005.

S. Saito, N. Kawanishi, and S. Yaguchi, 'Discharge power control for fusion splice of optical fiber,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2004) (IEEE, 2004).

J. McEntee, 'Testing times: the turn-up of 10 GbE,' FibreSystems Europe, June 2005, p. 25.

J. Kitzinger, 'The visibility graph among polygonal obstacles: a comparison of algorithms,' University of Mexico, available online at: http://www.cs.unm.edu/~treport/tr/03-05/Kitzingerthesis.pdf 2003.

D. Sunday, 'The convex hull of a 2D point set or polygon,' available online at: http://softsurfer.com/Archive/algorithmlowbar0109/algorithmlowbar0109.htm 2006.

D. Sunday, 'Fast winding number inclusion of a point in a polygon,' available online at: http://www.geometryalgorithms.com/Archive/algorithmlowbar0103/algorithmlowbar0103.htm 2006.

D. MacKay, Information Theory, Inference, and Learning Algorithms (Cambridge University Press, 2003).

J. B. MacQueen, 'Some methods for classification and analysis of multivariate observations,' presented at the Fifth Berkeley Symposium on Mathematical Statistics and Probability, Berkeley, Calif., 21 June-18 July 1965, Report date: 1967.

A. Maislos and M. Abrams, 'Fiber deployment in the United States: let's learn from Japan!,' presented at the Fourth Annual FTTH Council Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, 3-6 October 2005.

G. Finnie, 'Next-generation broadband in Europe: the need for speed,' Heavy Reading, Vol. 3(5), March 2005.

H. Tauber, 'Good old Europe at the speed of light?,' presented at the Fourth Annual FTTH Council Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, 3-6 October 2005.

B. Whitman, 'Global FTTH risks and rewards,' presented at the Fourth Annual FTTH Council Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, 3-6 October 2005.

IEEE white paper, 'Preparation of papers for IEEE transactions and journals (III 2004)' (IEEE, 2004).

ITU-T Standard, G.984.1 'Gigabit-capable passive optical networks (G-PON): general characteristics' (ITU-T, 2003).

Render and Vanderslice & Associates Report, April 2004, 'Fiber to the home--the third network,' (Render, Vanderslice & Associates, 2004).

M. E. Ching and T. Liani, 'Passive optical networks,' white paper, available online at http://www.opticalzonu.com/Data/PassivelowbarOpticallowbarNetworkslowbarw.pdf (2005).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.