Abstract

We demonstrate an optical time buffer technology that meets the requirements of an all-optical packet router with a load-balancing architecture. The buffer is based on wavelength switching and an arrayed waveguide grating, which selects one of the delays in an array of fiber delay lines of increasing length. This buffer is unique because it enables the maximal sharing of delay lines among multiple input ports. Each of the N delays can simultaneously support N different wavelengths; therefore, for N input ports, the total buffer capacity is of the order of N3 packets. Measurements performed with data at 10 Gbits/s and N=3 show that there is only a 2 dB bit error rate (BER) penalty resulting from wavelength switching.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, R. Geldenhuys, N. Calabretta, H. de Waardt, and G.-D. Khoe, 'Demonstration of a variable optical delay for a recirculating buffer by using all-optical signal processing,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1748-1750 (2004).
  14. K. Kitayama and M. Murata, 'Almost packet loss-free asynchronous, variable-length optical packet switch with WDM buffering,' in Proceedings of the 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2001), pp. 476-477.
  15. F. Callegati, 'Optical buffers for variable length packets,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 4, 292-294 (2000).
  16. I. Chlamtac, A. Fumagalli, and C. Suh, 'Multi-buffer delay line architectures for efficient contention resolution,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 48, 2089-2098 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. Sakamoto, A. Okada, O. Moriwaki, M. Matsuoka, and K. Kikuchi, 'Variable optical delay circuit using highly nonlinear fibre parametric wavelength converters,' Electron. Lett. 39, 198-200 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  18. P. Bernasconi, W. Yang, L. Zhang, N. Sauer, L. Buhl, I. Kang, S. Chandrasekhar, and D. T. Neilson, 'Monolithically integrated 40 Gb/s wavelength converter with multi-frequency laser,' in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2005), postdeadline paper PDP16.
  19. J. Gripp, M. Duelk, J. Simsarian, and M. Zirngibl, 'Demonstration of synchronous traffic transport over a time-multiplexed WDM ring,' in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 2, pp. 23-27.
  20. B. Vidal and J. L. Corral, 'Optical delay line employing an arrayed waveguide grating in foldback configuration,' IEEE Microwave. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 13, 238-240 (2003).
  21. B. Vidal, J. L. Corral, M. A. Piqueras, and J. Marti, 'Optical delay line based on arrayed waveguide gratings spectral periodicity and dispersive media for antenna beamforming applications,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1202-1210 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  22. K. Takada, M. Abe, M. Shibata, M. Ishii, and K. Okamoto, 'Low-crosstalk 10 GHz-spaced 512-channel arrayed-waveguide grating multi/demultiplexer fabricated on a 4-inch wafer,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1182-1184 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  23. J. E. Simsarian, J. Gripp, M. Duelk, R. Peiro, P. Bernasconi, D. Stiliadis, and M. Zirngibl, 'Highly-scalable load-balanced router with optical switch fabric,' Electron. Lett. 40, 1600-1602 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  24. T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, 'All optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942-954 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

2006

2005

M. Enachescu, Y. Ganjali, A. Goel, N. McKeown, and T. Roughgarden, 'Part III: routers with very small buffers,' Comput. Commun. Rev. 35, 83-89 (2005).

2004

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, R. Geldenhuys, N. Calabretta, H. de Waardt, and G.-D. Khoe, 'Demonstration of a variable optical delay for a recirculating buffer by using all-optical signal processing,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1748-1750 (2004).

J. E. Simsarian, J. Gripp, M. Duelk, R. Peiro, P. Bernasconi, D. Stiliadis, and M. Zirngibl, 'Highly-scalable load-balanced router with optical switch fabric,' Electron. Lett. 40, 1600-1602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

J. Gripp, M. Duelk, J. Simsarian, A. Bhardwaj, P. Bernasconi, O. Laznicka, and M. Zirngibl, 'Optical switch fabrics for ultra-high capacity IP-routers,' J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2839-2850 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Sakamoto, A. Okada, O. Moriwaki, M. Matsuoka, and K. Kikuchi, 'Variable optical delay circuit using highly nonlinear fibre parametric wavelength converters,' Electron. Lett. 39, 198-200 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Vidal and J. L. Corral, 'Optical delay line employing an arrayed waveguide grating in foldback configuration,' IEEE Microwave. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 13, 238-240 (2003).

2002

B. Vidal, J. L. Corral, M. A. Piqueras, and J. Marti, 'Optical delay line based on arrayed waveguide gratings spectral periodicity and dispersive media for antenna beamforming applications,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1202-1210 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Chang, D. S. Lee, and Y. S. Jou, 'Load balanced Birkoff Von Neuman switches, Part I: one stage buffering,' Comput. Commun. 25, 611-662 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

K. Takada, M. Abe, M. Shibata, M. Ishii, and K. Okamoto, 'Low-crosstalk 10 GHz-spaced 512-channel arrayed-waveguide grating multi/demultiplexer fabricated on a 4-inch wafer,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1182-1184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

F. Callegati, 'Optical buffers for variable length packets,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 4, 292-294 (2000).

I. Chlamtac, A. Fumagalli, and C. Suh, 'Multi-buffer delay line architectures for efficient contention resolution,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 48, 2089-2098 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

K. Deng, K. I. Kang, I. Glesk, and P. Prucnal, 'A 1024-channel fast tunable delay line for ultrafast all-optical TDM networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1496-1498 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, 'All optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942-954 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1982

L. G. Valient, 'A scheme for fast parallel communication,' SIAM J. Comput. 11, 350-361 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Abe, M.

K. Takada, M. Abe, M. Shibata, M. Ishii, and K. Okamoto, 'Low-crosstalk 10 GHz-spaced 512-channel arrayed-waveguide grating multi/demultiplexer fabricated on a 4-inch wafer,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1182-1184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Andonovic, I.

Appenzeller, G.

G. Appenzeller, I. Keslassy, and N. McKeown, 'Sizing router buffers,' in Proceedings of ACM SIGCOMM (ACM, 2004), Vol. 34, pp. 281-292.

Bernasconi, P.

J. Gripp, D. Stiliadis, J. E. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, J. D. LeGrange, L. Zhang, L. Buhl, D. T. Neilson, and M. Zirngibl, 'The IRIS optical packet router,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 589-597 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Simsarian, J. Gripp, M. Duelk, R. Peiro, P. Bernasconi, D. Stiliadis, and M. Zirngibl, 'Highly-scalable load-balanced router with optical switch fabric,' Electron. Lett. 40, 1600-1602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Gripp, M. Duelk, J. Simsarian, A. Bhardwaj, P. Bernasconi, O. Laznicka, and M. Zirngibl, 'Optical switch fabrics for ultra-high capacity IP-routers,' J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2839-2850 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Gripp, J. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, J. LeGrange, L. Zhang, L. Buhl, D. Stiliadis, D. Neilson, and M. Zirngibl, 'Load-balanced optical packet router based on 40 Gb/s wavelength converters and time buffers,' in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 6, pp. 51-52.

P. Bernasconi, W. Yang, L. Zhang, N. Sauer, L. Buhl, I. Kang, S. Chandrasekhar, and D. T. Neilson, 'Monolithically integrated 40 Gb/s wavelength converter with multi-frequency laser,' in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2005), postdeadline paper PDP16.

Bhardwaj, A.

Buhl, L.

J. Gripp, D. Stiliadis, J. E. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, J. D. LeGrange, L. Zhang, L. Buhl, D. T. Neilson, and M. Zirngibl, 'The IRIS optical packet router,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 589-597 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Gripp, J. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, J. LeGrange, L. Zhang, L. Buhl, D. Stiliadis, D. Neilson, and M. Zirngibl, 'Load-balanced optical packet router based on 40 Gb/s wavelength converters and time buffers,' in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 6, pp. 51-52.

P. Bernasconi, W. Yang, L. Zhang, N. Sauer, L. Buhl, I. Kang, S. Chandrasekhar, and D. T. Neilson, 'Monolithically integrated 40 Gb/s wavelength converter with multi-frequency laser,' in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2005), postdeadline paper PDP16.

Calabretta, N.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, R. Geldenhuys, N. Calabretta, H. de Waardt, and G.-D. Khoe, 'Demonstration of a variable optical delay for a recirculating buffer by using all-optical signal processing,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1748-1750 (2004).

Callegati, F.

F. Callegati, 'Optical buffers for variable length packets,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 4, 292-294 (2000).

Chandrasekhar, S.

P. Bernasconi, W. Yang, L. Zhang, N. Sauer, L. Buhl, I. Kang, S. Chandrasekhar, and D. T. Neilson, 'Monolithically integrated 40 Gb/s wavelength converter with multi-frequency laser,' in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2005), postdeadline paper PDP16.

Chang, C. S.

C. S. Chang, D. S. Lee, and Y. S. Jou, 'Load balanced Birkoff Von Neuman switches, Part I: one stage buffering,' Comput. Commun. 25, 611-662 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chia, M. C.

Chlamtac, I.

I. Chlamtac, A. Fumagalli, and C. Suh, 'Multi-buffer delay line architectures for efficient contention resolution,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 48, 2089-2098 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Corral, J. L.

B. Vidal and J. L. Corral, 'Optical delay line employing an arrayed waveguide grating in foldback configuration,' IEEE Microwave. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 13, 238-240 (2003).

B. Vidal, J. L. Corral, M. A. Piqueras, and J. Marti, 'Optical delay line based on arrayed waveguide gratings spectral periodicity and dispersive media for antenna beamforming applications,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1202-1210 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Danielsen, S. L.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, 'All optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942-954 (1996).
[CrossRef]

de Waardt, H.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, R. Geldenhuys, N. Calabretta, H. de Waardt, and G.-D. Khoe, 'Demonstration of a variable optical delay for a recirculating buffer by using all-optical signal processing,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1748-1750 (2004).

Deng, K.

K. Deng, K. I. Kang, I. Glesk, and P. Prucnal, 'A 1024-channel fast tunable delay line for ultrafast all-optical TDM networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1496-1498 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Duelk, M.

J. E. Simsarian, J. Gripp, M. Duelk, R. Peiro, P. Bernasconi, D. Stiliadis, and M. Zirngibl, 'Highly-scalable load-balanced router with optical switch fabric,' Electron. Lett. 40, 1600-1602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Gripp, M. Duelk, J. Simsarian, A. Bhardwaj, P. Bernasconi, O. Laznicka, and M. Zirngibl, 'Optical switch fabrics for ultra-high capacity IP-routers,' J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2839-2850 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Gripp, M. Duelk, J. Simsarian, and M. Zirngibl, 'Demonstration of synchronous traffic transport over a time-multiplexed WDM ring,' in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 2, pp. 23-27.

Durhuus, T.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, 'All optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942-954 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Enachescu, M.

M. Enachescu, Y. Ganjali, A. Goel, N. McKeown, and T. Roughgarden, 'Part III: routers with very small buffers,' Comput. Commun. Rev. 35, 83-89 (2005).

M. Enachescu, Y. Ganjali, A. Goel, N. McKeown, and T. Roughgarden, 'Routers with very small buffers,' in Proceedings of the 25th IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications (INFOCOM 2006) (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1-11.

Fumagalli, A.

I. Chlamtac, A. Fumagalli, and C. Suh, 'Multi-buffer delay line architectures for efficient contention resolution,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 48, 2089-2098 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ganjali, Y.

M. Enachescu, Y. Ganjali, A. Goel, N. McKeown, and T. Roughgarden, 'Part III: routers with very small buffers,' Comput. Commun. Rev. 35, 83-89 (2005).

M. Enachescu, Y. Ganjali, A. Goel, N. McKeown, and T. Roughgarden, 'Routers with very small buffers,' in Proceedings of the 25th IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications (INFOCOM 2006) (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1-11.

Geldenhuys, R.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, R. Geldenhuys, N. Calabretta, H. de Waardt, and G.-D. Khoe, 'Demonstration of a variable optical delay for a recirculating buffer by using all-optical signal processing,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1748-1750 (2004).

Glesk, I.

K. Deng, K. I. Kang, I. Glesk, and P. Prucnal, 'A 1024-channel fast tunable delay line for ultrafast all-optical TDM networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1496-1498 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Goel, A.

M. Enachescu, Y. Ganjali, A. Goel, N. McKeown, and T. Roughgarden, 'Part III: routers with very small buffers,' Comput. Commun. Rev. 35, 83-89 (2005).

M. Enachescu, Y. Ganjali, A. Goel, N. McKeown, and T. Roughgarden, 'Routers with very small buffers,' in Proceedings of the 25th IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications (INFOCOM 2006) (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1-11.

Gripp, J.

J. Gripp, D. Stiliadis, J. E. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, J. D. LeGrange, L. Zhang, L. Buhl, D. T. Neilson, and M. Zirngibl, 'The IRIS optical packet router,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 589-597 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Simsarian, J. Gripp, M. Duelk, R. Peiro, P. Bernasconi, D. Stiliadis, and M. Zirngibl, 'Highly-scalable load-balanced router with optical switch fabric,' Electron. Lett. 40, 1600-1602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Gripp, M. Duelk, J. Simsarian, A. Bhardwaj, P. Bernasconi, O. Laznicka, and M. Zirngibl, 'Optical switch fabrics for ultra-high capacity IP-routers,' J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2839-2850 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Gripp, J. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, J. LeGrange, L. Zhang, L. Buhl, D. Stiliadis, D. Neilson, and M. Zirngibl, 'Load-balanced optical packet router based on 40 Gb/s wavelength converters and time buffers,' in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 6, pp. 51-52.

J. Gripp, M. Duelk, J. Simsarian, and M. Zirngibl, 'Demonstration of synchronous traffic transport over a time-multiplexed WDM ring,' in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 2, pp. 23-27.

Hill, M. T.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, R. Geldenhuys, N. Calabretta, H. de Waardt, and G.-D. Khoe, 'Demonstration of a variable optical delay for a recirculating buffer by using all-optical signal processing,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1748-1750 (2004).

Hunter, D. K.

Ishii, M.

K. Takada, M. Abe, M. Shibata, M. Ishii, and K. Okamoto, 'Low-crosstalk 10 GHz-spaced 512-channel arrayed-waveguide grating multi/demultiplexer fabricated on a 4-inch wafer,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1182-1184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Joergensen, C.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, 'All optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942-954 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jou, Y. S.

C. S. Chang, D. S. Lee, and Y. S. Jou, 'Load balanced Birkoff Von Neuman switches, Part I: one stage buffering,' Comput. Commun. 25, 611-662 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kang, I.

P. Bernasconi, W. Yang, L. Zhang, N. Sauer, L. Buhl, I. Kang, S. Chandrasekhar, and D. T. Neilson, 'Monolithically integrated 40 Gb/s wavelength converter with multi-frequency laser,' in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2005), postdeadline paper PDP16.

Kang, K. I.

K. Deng, K. I. Kang, I. Glesk, and P. Prucnal, 'A 1024-channel fast tunable delay line for ultrafast all-optical TDM networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1496-1498 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Keslassy, I.

G. Appenzeller, I. Keslassy, and N. McKeown, 'Sizing router buffers,' in Proceedings of ACM SIGCOMM (ACM, 2004), Vol. 34, pp. 281-292.

Khoe, G.-D.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, R. Geldenhuys, N. Calabretta, H. de Waardt, and G.-D. Khoe, 'Demonstration of a variable optical delay for a recirculating buffer by using all-optical signal processing,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1748-1750 (2004).

Kikuchi, K.

T. Sakamoto, A. Okada, O. Moriwaki, M. Matsuoka, and K. Kikuchi, 'Variable optical delay circuit using highly nonlinear fibre parametric wavelength converters,' Electron. Lett. 39, 198-200 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kitayama, K.

K. Kitayama and M. Murata, 'Almost packet loss-free asynchronous, variable-length optical packet switch with WDM buffering,' in Proceedings of the 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2001), pp. 476-477.

Laznicka, O.

Lee, D. S.

C. S. Chang, D. S. Lee, and Y. S. Jou, 'Load balanced Birkoff Von Neuman switches, Part I: one stage buffering,' Comput. Commun. 25, 611-662 (2002).
[CrossRef]

LeGrange, J.

J. Gripp, J. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, J. LeGrange, L. Zhang, L. Buhl, D. Stiliadis, D. Neilson, and M. Zirngibl, 'Load-balanced optical packet router based on 40 Gb/s wavelength converters and time buffers,' in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 6, pp. 51-52.

LeGrange, J. D.

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, R. Geldenhuys, N. Calabretta, H. de Waardt, and G.-D. Khoe, 'Demonstration of a variable optical delay for a recirculating buffer by using all-optical signal processing,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1748-1750 (2004).

Marti, J.

B. Vidal, J. L. Corral, M. A. Piqueras, and J. Marti, 'Optical delay line based on arrayed waveguide gratings spectral periodicity and dispersive media for antenna beamforming applications,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1202-1210 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Matsuoka, M.

T. Sakamoto, A. Okada, O. Moriwaki, M. Matsuoka, and K. Kikuchi, 'Variable optical delay circuit using highly nonlinear fibre parametric wavelength converters,' Electron. Lett. 39, 198-200 (2003).
[CrossRef]

McKeown, N.

M. Enachescu, Y. Ganjali, A. Goel, N. McKeown, and T. Roughgarden, 'Part III: routers with very small buffers,' Comput. Commun. Rev. 35, 83-89 (2005).

M. Enachescu, Y. Ganjali, A. Goel, N. McKeown, and T. Roughgarden, 'Routers with very small buffers,' in Proceedings of the 25th IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications (INFOCOM 2006) (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1-11.

G. Appenzeller, I. Keslassy, and N. McKeown, 'Sizing router buffers,' in Proceedings of ACM SIGCOMM (ACM, 2004), Vol. 34, pp. 281-292.

Mikkelsen, B.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, 'All optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942-954 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Moriwaki, O.

T. Sakamoto, A. Okada, O. Moriwaki, M. Matsuoka, and K. Kikuchi, 'Variable optical delay circuit using highly nonlinear fibre parametric wavelength converters,' Electron. Lett. 39, 198-200 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Murata, M.

K. Kitayama and M. Murata, 'Almost packet loss-free asynchronous, variable-length optical packet switch with WDM buffering,' in Proceedings of the 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2001), pp. 476-477.

Neilson, D.

J. Gripp, J. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, J. LeGrange, L. Zhang, L. Buhl, D. Stiliadis, D. Neilson, and M. Zirngibl, 'Load-balanced optical packet router based on 40 Gb/s wavelength converters and time buffers,' in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 6, pp. 51-52.

Neilson, D. T.

J. Gripp, D. Stiliadis, J. E. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, J. D. LeGrange, L. Zhang, L. Buhl, D. T. Neilson, and M. Zirngibl, 'The IRIS optical packet router,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 589-597 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Bernasconi, W. Yang, L. Zhang, N. Sauer, L. Buhl, I. Kang, S. Chandrasekhar, and D. T. Neilson, 'Monolithically integrated 40 Gb/s wavelength converter with multi-frequency laser,' in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2005), postdeadline paper PDP16.

Odlyzko, A. M.

A. M. Odlyzko, 'Internet traffic growth: sources and implications,' in Optical Transmission Systems and Equipment for WDM Networking II, B.B.Dingel, W.Weiershausen, A.K.Dutta, and K.-I.Sato, eds. Proc. SPIE5247, 1-15 (2003).

Okada, A.

T. Sakamoto, A. Okada, O. Moriwaki, M. Matsuoka, and K. Kikuchi, 'Variable optical delay circuit using highly nonlinear fibre parametric wavelength converters,' Electron. Lett. 39, 198-200 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

K. Takada, M. Abe, M. Shibata, M. Ishii, and K. Okamoto, 'Low-crosstalk 10 GHz-spaced 512-channel arrayed-waveguide grating multi/demultiplexer fabricated on a 4-inch wafer,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1182-1184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Peiro, R.

J. E. Simsarian, J. Gripp, M. Duelk, R. Peiro, P. Bernasconi, D. Stiliadis, and M. Zirngibl, 'Highly-scalable load-balanced router with optical switch fabric,' Electron. Lett. 40, 1600-1602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Piqueras, M. A.

B. Vidal, J. L. Corral, M. A. Piqueras, and J. Marti, 'Optical delay line based on arrayed waveguide gratings spectral periodicity and dispersive media for antenna beamforming applications,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1202-1210 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Prucnal, P.

K. Deng, K. I. Kang, I. Glesk, and P. Prucnal, 'A 1024-channel fast tunable delay line for ultrafast all-optical TDM networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1496-1498 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Roughgarden, T.

M. Enachescu, Y. Ganjali, A. Goel, N. McKeown, and T. Roughgarden, 'Part III: routers with very small buffers,' Comput. Commun. Rev. 35, 83-89 (2005).

M. Enachescu, Y. Ganjali, A. Goel, N. McKeown, and T. Roughgarden, 'Routers with very small buffers,' in Proceedings of the 25th IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications (INFOCOM 2006) (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1-11.

Sakamoto, T.

T. Sakamoto, A. Okada, O. Moriwaki, M. Matsuoka, and K. Kikuchi, 'Variable optical delay circuit using highly nonlinear fibre parametric wavelength converters,' Electron. Lett. 39, 198-200 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sauer, N.

P. Bernasconi, W. Yang, L. Zhang, N. Sauer, L. Buhl, I. Kang, S. Chandrasekhar, and D. T. Neilson, 'Monolithically integrated 40 Gb/s wavelength converter with multi-frequency laser,' in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2005), postdeadline paper PDP16.

Shibata, M.

K. Takada, M. Abe, M. Shibata, M. Ishii, and K. Okamoto, 'Low-crosstalk 10 GHz-spaced 512-channel arrayed-waveguide grating multi/demultiplexer fabricated on a 4-inch wafer,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1182-1184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Simsarian, J.

J. Gripp, M. Duelk, J. Simsarian, A. Bhardwaj, P. Bernasconi, O. Laznicka, and M. Zirngibl, 'Optical switch fabrics for ultra-high capacity IP-routers,' J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2839-2850 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Gripp, J. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, J. LeGrange, L. Zhang, L. Buhl, D. Stiliadis, D. Neilson, and M. Zirngibl, 'Load-balanced optical packet router based on 40 Gb/s wavelength converters and time buffers,' in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 6, pp. 51-52.

J. Gripp, M. Duelk, J. Simsarian, and M. Zirngibl, 'Demonstration of synchronous traffic transport over a time-multiplexed WDM ring,' in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 2, pp. 23-27.

Simsarian, J. E.

J. Gripp, D. Stiliadis, J. E. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, J. D. LeGrange, L. Zhang, L. Buhl, D. T. Neilson, and M. Zirngibl, 'The IRIS optical packet router,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 589-597 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Simsarian, J. Gripp, M. Duelk, R. Peiro, P. Bernasconi, D. Stiliadis, and M. Zirngibl, 'Highly-scalable load-balanced router with optical switch fabric,' Electron. Lett. 40, 1600-1602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stiliadis, D.

J. Gripp, D. Stiliadis, J. E. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, J. D. LeGrange, L. Zhang, L. Buhl, D. T. Neilson, and M. Zirngibl, 'The IRIS optical packet router,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 589-597 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Simsarian, J. Gripp, M. Duelk, R. Peiro, P. Bernasconi, D. Stiliadis, and M. Zirngibl, 'Highly-scalable load-balanced router with optical switch fabric,' Electron. Lett. 40, 1600-1602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Gripp, J. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, J. LeGrange, L. Zhang, L. Buhl, D. Stiliadis, D. Neilson, and M. Zirngibl, 'Load-balanced optical packet router based on 40 Gb/s wavelength converters and time buffers,' in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 6, pp. 51-52.

Stubkjaer, K. E.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, 'All optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942-954 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Suh, C.

I. Chlamtac, A. Fumagalli, and C. Suh, 'Multi-buffer delay line architectures for efficient contention resolution,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 48, 2089-2098 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Takada, K.

K. Takada, M. Abe, M. Shibata, M. Ishii, and K. Okamoto, 'Low-crosstalk 10 GHz-spaced 512-channel arrayed-waveguide grating multi/demultiplexer fabricated on a 4-inch wafer,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1182-1184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Valient, L. G.

L. G. Valient, 'A scheme for fast parallel communication,' SIAM J. Comput. 11, 350-361 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Vidal, B.

B. Vidal and J. L. Corral, 'Optical delay line employing an arrayed waveguide grating in foldback configuration,' IEEE Microwave. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 13, 238-240 (2003).

B. Vidal, J. L. Corral, M. A. Piqueras, and J. Marti, 'Optical delay line based on arrayed waveguide gratings spectral periodicity and dispersive media for antenna beamforming applications,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1202-1210 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yang, W.

P. Bernasconi, W. Yang, L. Zhang, N. Sauer, L. Buhl, I. Kang, S. Chandrasekhar, and D. T. Neilson, 'Monolithically integrated 40 Gb/s wavelength converter with multi-frequency laser,' in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2005), postdeadline paper PDP16.

Zhang, L.

J. Gripp, D. Stiliadis, J. E. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, J. D. LeGrange, L. Zhang, L. Buhl, D. T. Neilson, and M. Zirngibl, 'The IRIS optical packet router,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 589-597 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Gripp, J. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, J. LeGrange, L. Zhang, L. Buhl, D. Stiliadis, D. Neilson, and M. Zirngibl, 'Load-balanced optical packet router based on 40 Gb/s wavelength converters and time buffers,' in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 6, pp. 51-52.

P. Bernasconi, W. Yang, L. Zhang, N. Sauer, L. Buhl, I. Kang, S. Chandrasekhar, and D. T. Neilson, 'Monolithically integrated 40 Gb/s wavelength converter with multi-frequency laser,' in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2005), postdeadline paper PDP16.

Zirngibl, M.

J. Gripp, D. Stiliadis, J. E. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, J. D. LeGrange, L. Zhang, L. Buhl, D. T. Neilson, and M. Zirngibl, 'The IRIS optical packet router,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 589-597 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Simsarian, J. Gripp, M. Duelk, R. Peiro, P. Bernasconi, D. Stiliadis, and M. Zirngibl, 'Highly-scalable load-balanced router with optical switch fabric,' Electron. Lett. 40, 1600-1602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Gripp, M. Duelk, J. Simsarian, A. Bhardwaj, P. Bernasconi, O. Laznicka, and M. Zirngibl, 'Optical switch fabrics for ultra-high capacity IP-routers,' J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2839-2850 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Gripp, J. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, J. LeGrange, L. Zhang, L. Buhl, D. Stiliadis, D. Neilson, and M. Zirngibl, 'Load-balanced optical packet router based on 40 Gb/s wavelength converters and time buffers,' in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 6, pp. 51-52.

J. Gripp, M. Duelk, J. Simsarian, and M. Zirngibl, 'Demonstration of synchronous traffic transport over a time-multiplexed WDM ring,' in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 2, pp. 23-27.

Comput. Commun.

C. S. Chang, D. S. Lee, and Y. S. Jou, 'Load balanced Birkoff Von Neuman switches, Part I: one stage buffering,' Comput. Commun. 25, 611-662 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Comput. Commun. Rev.

M. Enachescu, Y. Ganjali, A. Goel, N. McKeown, and T. Roughgarden, 'Part III: routers with very small buffers,' Comput. Commun. Rev. 35, 83-89 (2005).

Electron. Lett.

T. Sakamoto, A. Okada, O. Moriwaki, M. Matsuoka, and K. Kikuchi, 'Variable optical delay circuit using highly nonlinear fibre parametric wavelength converters,' Electron. Lett. 39, 198-200 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Simsarian, J. Gripp, M. Duelk, R. Peiro, P. Bernasconi, D. Stiliadis, and M. Zirngibl, 'Highly-scalable load-balanced router with optical switch fabric,' Electron. Lett. 40, 1600-1602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

B. Vidal, J. L. Corral, M. A. Piqueras, and J. Marti, 'Optical delay line based on arrayed waveguide gratings spectral periodicity and dispersive media for antenna beamforming applications,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1202-1210 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Microwave. Wirel. Compon. Lett.

B. Vidal and J. L. Corral, 'Optical delay line employing an arrayed waveguide grating in foldback configuration,' IEEE Microwave. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 13, 238-240 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

K. Takada, M. Abe, M. Shibata, M. Ishii, and K. Okamoto, 'Low-crosstalk 10 GHz-spaced 512-channel arrayed-waveguide grating multi/demultiplexer fabricated on a 4-inch wafer,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1182-1184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Deng, K. I. Kang, I. Glesk, and P. Prucnal, 'A 1024-channel fast tunable delay line for ultrafast all-optical TDM networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1496-1498 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, R. Geldenhuys, N. Calabretta, H. de Waardt, and G.-D. Khoe, 'Demonstration of a variable optical delay for a recirculating buffer by using all-optical signal processing,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1748-1750 (2004).

IEEE Trans. Commun.

F. Callegati, 'Optical buffers for variable length packets,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 4, 292-294 (2000).

I. Chlamtac, A. Fumagalli, and C. Suh, 'Multi-buffer delay line architectures for efficient contention resolution,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 48, 2089-2098 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Netw.

SIAM J. Comput.

L. G. Valient, 'A scheme for fast parallel communication,' SIAM J. Comput. 11, 350-361 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Other

A. M. Odlyzko, 'Internet traffic growth: sources and implications,' in Optical Transmission Systems and Equipment for WDM Networking II, B.B.Dingel, W.Weiershausen, A.K.Dutta, and K.-I.Sato, eds. Proc. SPIE5247, 1-15 (2003).

Juniper Networks, 'T640 routing node and TX matrix platform: architecture,' http://www.juniper.net/solutions/literature/whitelowbarpapers/200089.pdf.

J. Gripp, J. Simsarian, P. Bernasconi, J. LeGrange, L. Zhang, L. Buhl, D. Stiliadis, D. Neilson, and M. Zirngibl, 'Load-balanced optical packet router based on 40 Gb/s wavelength converters and time buffers,' in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 6, pp. 51-52.

G. Appenzeller, I. Keslassy, and N. McKeown, 'Sizing router buffers,' in Proceedings of ACM SIGCOMM (ACM, 2004), Vol. 34, pp. 281-292.

M. Enachescu, Y. Ganjali, A. Goel, N. McKeown, and T. Roughgarden, 'Routers with very small buffers,' in Proceedings of the 25th IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications (INFOCOM 2006) (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1-11.

K. Kitayama and M. Murata, 'Almost packet loss-free asynchronous, variable-length optical packet switch with WDM buffering,' in Proceedings of the 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2001), pp. 476-477.

P. Bernasconi, W. Yang, L. Zhang, N. Sauer, L. Buhl, I. Kang, S. Chandrasekhar, and D. T. Neilson, 'Monolithically integrated 40 Gb/s wavelength converter with multi-frequency laser,' in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2005), postdeadline paper PDP16.

J. Gripp, M. Duelk, J. Simsarian, and M. Zirngibl, 'Demonstration of synchronous traffic transport over a time-multiplexed WDM ring,' in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 2, pp. 23-27.

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