Abstract

We investigate an Ethernet passive optical network (EPON) architecture accommodating multiple wavelengths for cost-effective and gradual capacity upgrades. We demonstrate the successful implementation of this multiwavelength PON (MWPON) architecture with dual feeder fiber using a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier (RSOA) at each optical network unit (ONU). The scalability of this MWPON is limited by the power of feeding light, RSOA operating conditions, temperature variations, and Rayleigh backscattering. We report on the possibility of a 16-user network with 20 km of feeder and 2.0 km of distribution fiber. With temperature controlled ONUs, the MWPON may deliver eight distinct wavelengths for upstream access with 10 Gbits/s aggregate capacity.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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  11. Y.-L. Hsueh, M. S. Rogge, S. Yamamoto, and L. G. Kazovsky, 'A highly flexible and efficient passive optical network employing dynamic wavelength allocation,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 277-286 (2005).
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    [CrossRef]
  29. P. Gysel and R. K. Staubli, 'Spectral properties of Rayleigh backscattered light from single-mode fibers caused by a modulated probe signal,' J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1792-1798 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  30. J. L. Gimlett, M. Z. Iqbal, N. K. Cheung, A. Righetti, F. Fontana, and G. Grasso, 'Observation of equivalent Rayleigh scattering mirrors in lightwave systems with optical amplifiers,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 211-213 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  31. M. Tachikura, 'Numerical calculation of multiple reflected optical power in optical fiber transmission lines,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 109-111 (1994).
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    [CrossRef]

2006 (3)

2005 (5)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, 'Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): building a next-generation optical access network,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 66-73 (2002).

2000 (3)

M. D. Feuer, M. A. Thomas, and L. M. Lunardi, 'Backreflection and loss in single-fiber loopback networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1106-1108 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. Van de Voorde, C. M. Martin, I. Vandewege, and X. Z. Oiu, 'The superPON demonstrator: an exploration of possible evolution paths for optical access networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 74-82 (2000).

T. Amano, F. Koyama, N. Nishiyama, and K. Iga, 'Temperature-insensitive micromachined AlGaAs-GaAs vertical cavity filter,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 510-512 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. Tachikura, 'Numerical calculation of multiple reflected optical power in optical fiber transmission lines,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 109-111 (1994).

1991 (1)

R. K. Staubli and P. Gysel, 'Crosstalk penalities due to coherent Rayleigh noise in bidirectional optical communication systems,' J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 375-380 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

P. Gysel and R. K. Staubli, 'Spectral properties of Rayleigh backscattered light from single-mode fibers caused by a modulated probe signal,' J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1792-1798 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Gimlett, M. Z. Iqbal, N. K. Cheung, A. Righetti, F. Fontana, and G. Grasso, 'Observation of equivalent Rayleigh scattering mirrors in lightwave systems with optical amplifiers,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 211-213 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

J. L. Gimlett and N. K. Cheung, 'Effects of phase-to-intensity noise conversion by multiple reflections on gigabit-per-second DFB laser transmission systems,' J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 888-895 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, 'Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers due to stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,' J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 710-719 (1988).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Wood, R. A. Linke, B. L. Kasper, and E. C. Carr, 'Observation of coherent Rayleigh noise in single-source bidirectional optical fiber systems,' J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 346-352 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Abrams, M.

Agata, A.

Y.-L. Hsueh, W.-T. Shaw, L. G. Kazovsky, A. Agata, and S. Yamamoto, 'Success PON demonstrator: experimental exploration of next-generation optical access networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, s26-s33 (2005).

Ahn, J.-G.

Akita, H.

K. Ohara, A. Tagami, H. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, T. Miyaoka, T. Kodate, T. Aoki, K. Tanaka, H. Uchinao, S. Aruga, H. Ohnishi, H. Akita, Y. Taniguchi, and K. Arai, 'Traffic analysis of Ethernet-PON in FTTH trial service,' in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 72 of 2003 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper ThA A2.

Amano, T.

T. Amano, F. Koyama, T. Hino, M. Arai, and A. Mastutani, 'Design and fabrication of GaAs-GaAlAs micromachined tunable filter with thermal strain control,' J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 596-601 (2003).

T. Amano, F. Koyama, N. Nishiyama, and K. Iga, 'Temperature-insensitive micromachined AlGaAs-GaAs vertical cavity filter,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 510-512 (2000).
[CrossRef]

An, F.-T.

F.-T. An, D. Gutierrez, K. S. Kim, J. W. Lee, and L. G. Kazovsky, 'SUCCESS-HPON: A next-generation optical access architecture for smooth migration from TDM-PON to WDM-PON,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, S40-S47 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Aoki, T.

K. Ohara, A. Tagami, H. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, T. Miyaoka, T. Kodate, T. Aoki, K. Tanaka, H. Uchinao, S. Aruga, H. Ohnishi, H. Akita, Y. Taniguchi, and K. Arai, 'Traffic analysis of Ethernet-PON in FTTH trial service,' in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 72 of 2003 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper ThA A2.

Aoki, Y.

Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, 'Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers due to stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,' J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 710-719 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Arai, K.

K. Ohara, A. Tagami, H. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, T. Miyaoka, T. Kodate, T. Aoki, K. Tanaka, H. Uchinao, S. Aruga, H. Ohnishi, H. Akita, Y. Taniguchi, and K. Arai, 'Traffic analysis of Ethernet-PON in FTTH trial service,' in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 72 of 2003 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper ThA A2.

Arai, M.

Arellano, C.

K.-D. Langer, J. Vathke, K. Habel, and C. Arellano, 'Recent developments in WDM-PON technology,' in Proceedings of Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2006), Vol. 1, paper MoB1.2, pp. 12-13.

Aruga, S.

K. Ohara, A. Tagami, H. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, T. Miyaoka, T. Kodate, T. Aoki, K. Tanaka, H. Uchinao, S. Aruga, H. Ohnishi, H. Akita, Y. Taniguchi, and K. Arai, 'Traffic analysis of Ethernet-PON in FTTH trial service,' in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 72 of 2003 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper ThA A2.

Becker, P. C.

Brenot, R.

F. Payoux, P. Chanclou, M. Moignard, and R. Brenot, 'Gigabit optical access using WDM PON based on spectrum slicing and reflective SOA,' in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), paper We3.3.5.

Carr, E. C.

T. H. Wood, R. A. Linke, B. L. Kasper, and E. C. Carr, 'Observation of coherent Rayleigh noise in single-source bidirectional optical fiber systems,' J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 346-352 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chae, C.-J.

C.-J. Chae and T. Jayasinghe, 'Bandwidth-efficient capacity upgrade of Ethernet passive optical network systems,' Electron. Lett. 42, 938-939 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Jayasinghe, C.-J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, 'Multi-wavelength Ethernet PON with RSOA based upstream modulators,' presented at the 2006 OptoElecronics and Communications Conference, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 3-7 July 2006, paper 5E3-4.

Chanclou, P.

F. Payoux, P. Chanclou, M. Moignard, and R. Brenot, 'Gigabit optical access using WDM PON based on spectrum slicing and reflective SOA,' in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), paper We3.3.5.

Cheung, N. K.

J. L. Gimlett, M. Z. Iqbal, N. K. Cheung, A. Righetti, F. Fontana, and G. Grasso, 'Observation of equivalent Rayleigh scattering mirrors in lightwave systems with optical amplifiers,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 211-213 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Gimlett and N. K. Cheung, 'Effects of phase-to-intensity noise conversion by multiple reflections on gigabit-per-second DFB laser transmission systems,' J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 888-895 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chow, C. W.

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, E. K. Machale, and P. D. Townsend, 'High split ratio 116 km reach hybrid DWDM-TDM 10 Gb/s PON employing R-ONUs,' presented at the 2006 European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 September 2006, paper Mo4.5.2.

Feuer, M. D.

M. D. Feuer, M. A. Thomas, and L. M. Lunardi, 'Backreflection and loss in single-fiber loopback networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1106-1108 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fontana, F.

J. L. Gimlett, M. Z. Iqbal, N. K. Cheung, A. Righetti, F. Fontana, and G. Grasso, 'Observation of equivalent Rayleigh scattering mirrors in lightwave systems with optical amplifiers,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 211-213 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, Y.

Fujiwara, M.

Gimlett, J. L.

J. L. Gimlett, M. Z. Iqbal, N. K. Cheung, A. Righetti, F. Fontana, and G. Grasso, 'Observation of equivalent Rayleigh scattering mirrors in lightwave systems with optical amplifiers,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 211-213 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Gimlett and N. K. Cheung, 'Effects of phase-to-intensity noise conversion by multiple reflections on gigabit-per-second DFB laser transmission systems,' J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 888-895 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Grasso, G.

J. L. Gimlett, M. Z. Iqbal, N. K. Cheung, A. Righetti, F. Fontana, and G. Grasso, 'Observation of equivalent Rayleigh scattering mirrors in lightwave systems with optical amplifiers,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 211-213 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Gutierrez, D.

F.-T. An, D. Gutierrez, K. S. Kim, J. W. Lee, and L. G. Kazovsky, 'SUCCESS-HPON: A next-generation optical access architecture for smooth migration from TDM-PON to WDM-PON,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, S40-S47 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gysel, P.

R. K. Staubli and P. Gysel, 'Crosstalk penalities due to coherent Rayleigh noise in bidirectional optical communication systems,' J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 375-380 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. Gysel and R. K. Staubli, 'Spectral properties of Rayleigh backscattered light from single-mode fibers caused by a modulated probe signal,' J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1792-1798 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Habel, K.

K.-D. Langer, J. Vathke, K. Habel, and C. Arellano, 'Recent developments in WDM-PON technology,' in Proceedings of Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2006), Vol. 1, paper MoB1.2, pp. 12-13.

Hino, T.

Hsueh, Y.-L.

Y.-L. Hsueh, M. S. Rogge, S. Yamamoto, and L. G. Kazovsky, 'A highly flexible and efficient passive optical network employing dynamic wavelength allocation,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 277-286 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y.-L. Hsueh, W.-T. Shaw, L. G. Kazovsky, A. Agata, and S. Yamamoto, 'Success PON demonstrator: experimental exploration of next-generation optical access networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, s26-s33 (2005).

Hwang, S.

Iga, K.

T. Amano, F. Koyama, N. Nishiyama, and K. Iga, 'Temperature-insensitive micromachined AlGaAs-GaAs vertical cavity filter,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 510-512 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Iqbal, M. Z.

J. L. Gimlett, M. Z. Iqbal, N. K. Cheung, A. Righetti, F. Fontana, and G. Grasso, 'Observation of equivalent Rayleigh scattering mirrors in lightwave systems with optical amplifiers,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 211-213 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Iwatsuki, K.

Jayasinghe, T.

C.-J. Chae and T. Jayasinghe, 'Bandwidth-efficient capacity upgrade of Ethernet passive optical network systems,' Electron. Lett. 42, 938-939 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Jayasinghe, C.-J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, 'Multi-wavelength Ethernet PON with RSOA based upstream modulators,' presented at the 2006 OptoElecronics and Communications Conference, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 3-7 July 2006, paper 5E3-4.

Jeong, K.-T.

Jung, D. K.

Kani, J.-i.

Kasper, B. L.

T. H. Wood, R. A. Linke, B. L. Kasper, and E. C. Carr, 'Observation of coherent Rayleigh noise in single-source bidirectional optical fiber systems,' J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 346-352 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kazovsky, L. G.

Y.-L. Hsueh, W.-T. Shaw, L. G. Kazovsky, A. Agata, and S. Yamamoto, 'Success PON demonstrator: experimental exploration of next-generation optical access networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, s26-s33 (2005).

F.-T. An, D. Gutierrez, K. S. Kim, J. W. Lee, and L. G. Kazovsky, 'SUCCESS-HPON: A next-generation optical access architecture for smooth migration from TDM-PON to WDM-PON,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, S40-S47 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y.-L. Hsueh, M. S. Rogge, S. Yamamoto, and L. G. Kazovsky, 'A highly flexible and efficient passive optical network employing dynamic wavelength allocation,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 277-286 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Keiser, G.

G. Keiser, 'Optical networks,' in Optical Fiber Communications, S.Director and A.Arbor, eds. (McGraw Hill, 2000), pp. 457--526.

Kim, B.-T.

J.-J. Yoo, H.-H. Yun, T.-Y. Kim, K.-B. Lee, M.-Y. Park, B.-W. Kim, and B.-T. Kim, 'A WDM-Ethernet hybrid passive optical network architecture,' in Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT 2006) (IEEE, 2006), Vol. 3.

Kim, B.-W.

J.-J. Yoo, H.-H. Yun, T.-Y. Kim, K.-B. Lee, M.-Y. Park, B.-W. Kim, and B.-T. Kim, 'A WDM-Ethernet hybrid passive optical network architecture,' in Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT 2006) (IEEE, 2006), Vol. 3.

Kim, K. S.

F.-T. An, D. Gutierrez, K. S. Kim, J. W. Lee, and L. G. Kazovsky, 'SUCCESS-HPON: A next-generation optical access architecture for smooth migration from TDM-PON to WDM-PON,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, S40-S47 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, T.-Y.

J.-J. Yoo, H.-H. Yun, T.-Y. Kim, K.-B. Lee, M.-Y. Park, B.-W. Kim, and B.-T. Kim, 'A WDM-Ethernet hybrid passive optical network architecture,' in Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT 2006) (IEEE, 2006), Vol. 3.

Kodate, T.

K. Ohara, A. Tagami, H. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, T. Miyaoka, T. Kodate, T. Aoki, K. Tanaka, H. Uchinao, S. Aruga, H. Ohnishi, H. Akita, Y. Taniguchi, and K. Arai, 'Traffic analysis of Ethernet-PON in FTTH trial service,' in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 72 of 2003 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper ThA A2.

Koyama, F.

T. Amano, F. Koyama, T. Hino, M. Arai, and A. Mastutani, 'Design and fabrication of GaAs-GaAlAs micromachined tunable filter with thermal strain control,' J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 596-601 (2003).

T. Amano, F. Koyama, N. Nishiyama, and K. Iga, 'Temperature-insensitive micromachined AlGaAs-GaAs vertical cavity filter,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 510-512 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kramer, G.

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, 'Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): building a next-generation optical access network,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 66-73 (2002).

Kwon, J. W.

Langer, K.-D.

K.-D. Langer, J. Vathke, K. Habel, and C. Arellano, 'Recent developments in WDM-PON technology,' in Proceedings of Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2006), Vol. 1, paper MoB1.2, pp. 12-13.

Lee, C.-H.

Lee, J. W.

F.-T. An, D. Gutierrez, K. S. Kim, J. W. Lee, and L. G. Kazovsky, 'SUCCESS-HPON: A next-generation optical access architecture for smooth migration from TDM-PON to WDM-PON,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, S40-S47 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.-B.

J.-J. Yoo, H.-H. Yun, T.-Y. Kim, K.-B. Lee, M.-Y. Park, B.-W. Kim, and B.-T. Kim, 'A WDM-Ethernet hybrid passive optical network architecture,' in Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT 2006) (IEEE, 2006), Vol. 3.

Linke, R. A.

T. H. Wood, R. A. Linke, B. L. Kasper, and E. C. Carr, 'Observation of coherent Rayleigh noise in single-source bidirectional optical fiber systems,' J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 346-352 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Lunardi, L. M.

M. D. Feuer, M. A. Thomas, and L. M. Lunardi, 'Backreflection and loss in single-fiber loopback networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1106-1108 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Machale, E. K.

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, E. K. Machale, and P. D. Townsend, 'High split ratio 116 km reach hybrid DWDM-TDM 10 Gb/s PON employing R-ONUs,' presented at the 2006 European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 September 2006, paper Mo4.5.2.

Martin, C. M.

I. Van de Voorde, C. M. Martin, I. Vandewege, and X. Z. Oiu, 'The superPON demonstrator: an exploration of possible evolution paths for optical access networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 74-82 (2000).

Mastutani, A.

Mito, I.

Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, 'Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers due to stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,' J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 710-719 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Miyaoka, T.

K. Ohara, A. Tagami, H. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, T. Miyaoka, T. Kodate, T. Aoki, K. Tanaka, H. Uchinao, S. Aruga, H. Ohnishi, H. Akita, Y. Taniguchi, and K. Arai, 'Traffic analysis of Ethernet-PON in FTTH trial service,' in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 72 of 2003 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper ThA A2.

Moignard, M.

F. Payoux, P. Chanclou, M. Moignard, and R. Brenot, 'Gigabit optical access using WDM PON based on spectrum slicing and reflective SOA,' in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), paper We3.3.5.

Nishiyama, N.

T. Amano, F. Koyama, N. Nishiyama, and K. Iga, 'Temperature-insensitive micromachined AlGaAs-GaAs vertical cavity filter,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 510-512 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O'Byrne, V.

Oh, Y.

Ohara, K.

K. Ohara, A. Tagami, H. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, T. Miyaoka, T. Kodate, T. Aoki, K. Tanaka, H. Uchinao, S. Aruga, H. Ohnishi, H. Akita, Y. Taniguchi, and K. Arai, 'Traffic analysis of Ethernet-PON in FTTH trial service,' in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 72 of 2003 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper ThA A2.

Ohnishi, H.

K. Ohara, A. Tagami, H. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, T. Miyaoka, T. Kodate, T. Aoki, K. Tanaka, H. Uchinao, S. Aruga, H. Ohnishi, H. Akita, Y. Taniguchi, and K. Arai, 'Traffic analysis of Ethernet-PON in FTTH trial service,' in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 72 of 2003 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper ThA A2.

Oiu, X. Z.

I. Van de Voorde, C. M. Martin, I. Vandewege, and X. Z. Oiu, 'The superPON demonstrator: an exploration of possible evolution paths for optical access networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 74-82 (2000).

Park, H.-J.

Park, M.-Y.

J.-J. Yoo, H.-H. Yun, T.-Y. Kim, K.-B. Lee, M.-Y. Park, B.-W. Kim, and B.-T. Kim, 'A WDM-Ethernet hybrid passive optical network architecture,' in Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT 2006) (IEEE, 2006), Vol. 3.

Park, S.-J.

Payoux, F.

F. Payoux, P. Chanclou, M. Moignard, and R. Brenot, 'Gigabit optical access using WDM PON based on spectrum slicing and reflective SOA,' in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), paper We3.3.5.

Pesavento, G.

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, 'Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): building a next-generation optical access network,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 66-73 (2002).

Piehler, D.

Righetti, A.

J. L. Gimlett, M. Z. Iqbal, N. K. Cheung, A. Righetti, F. Fontana, and G. Grasso, 'Observation of equivalent Rayleigh scattering mirrors in lightwave systems with optical amplifiers,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 211-213 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Rogge, M. S.

Shaw, W.-T.

Y.-L. Hsueh, W.-T. Shaw, L. G. Kazovsky, A. Agata, and S. Yamamoto, 'Success PON demonstrator: experimental exploration of next-generation optical access networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, s26-s33 (2005).

Shim, C.

Shin, D. J.

Shin, H. S.

Song, K.-H.

Sorin, W. V.

W. V. Sorin, 'Nonlinear limits for optical measurements,' in Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, D.Derickson, ed. (Prentice Hall, 1998), pp. 618-619.

Staubli, R. K.

R. K. Staubli and P. Gysel, 'Crosstalk penalities due to coherent Rayleigh noise in bidirectional optical communication systems,' J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 375-380 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. Gysel and R. K. Staubli, 'Spectral properties of Rayleigh backscattered light from single-mode fibers caused by a modulated probe signal,' J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1792-1798 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, H.

Suzuki, M.

K. Ohara, A. Tagami, H. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, T. Miyaoka, T. Kodate, T. Aoki, K. Tanaka, H. Uchinao, S. Aruga, H. Ohnishi, H. Akita, Y. Taniguchi, and K. Arai, 'Traffic analysis of Ethernet-PON in FTTH trial service,' in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 72 of 2003 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper ThA A2.

Tachikura, M.

M. Tachikura, 'Numerical calculation of multiple reflected optical power in optical fiber transmission lines,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 109-111 (1994).

Tagami, A.

K. Ohara, A. Tagami, H. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, T. Miyaoka, T. Kodate, T. Aoki, K. Tanaka, H. Uchinao, S. Aruga, H. Ohnishi, H. Akita, Y. Taniguchi, and K. Arai, 'Traffic analysis of Ethernet-PON in FTTH trial service,' in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 72 of 2003 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper ThA A2.

Tajima, K.

Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, 'Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers due to stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,' J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 710-719 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Talli, G.

G. Talli and P. D. Townsend, 'Hybrid DWDM-TDM long-reach PON for next-generation optical access,' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2827-2834 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, E. K. Machale, and P. D. Townsend, 'High split ratio 116 km reach hybrid DWDM-TDM 10 Gb/s PON employing R-ONUs,' presented at the 2006 European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 September 2006, paper Mo4.5.2.

Tanaka, H.

K. Ohara, A. Tagami, H. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, T. Miyaoka, T. Kodate, T. Aoki, K. Tanaka, H. Uchinao, S. Aruga, H. Ohnishi, H. Akita, Y. Taniguchi, and K. Arai, 'Traffic analysis of Ethernet-PON in FTTH trial service,' in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 72 of 2003 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper ThA A2.

Tanaka, K.

K. Ohara, A. Tagami, H. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, T. Miyaoka, T. Kodate, T. Aoki, K. Tanaka, H. Uchinao, S. Aruga, H. Ohnishi, H. Akita, Y. Taniguchi, and K. Arai, 'Traffic analysis of Ethernet-PON in FTTH trial service,' in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 72 of 2003 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper ThA A2.

Taniguchi, Y.

K. Ohara, A. Tagami, H. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, T. Miyaoka, T. Kodate, T. Aoki, K. Tanaka, H. Uchinao, S. Aruga, H. Ohnishi, H. Akita, Y. Taniguchi, and K. Arai, 'Traffic analysis of Ethernet-PON in FTTH trial service,' in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 72 of 2003 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper ThA A2.

Thomas, M. A.

M. D. Feuer, M. A. Thomas, and L. M. Lunardi, 'Backreflection and loss in single-fiber loopback networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1106-1108 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Townsend, P. D.

G. Talli and P. D. Townsend, 'Hybrid DWDM-TDM long-reach PON for next-generation optical access,' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2827-2834 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, E. K. Machale, and P. D. Townsend, 'High split ratio 116 km reach hybrid DWDM-TDM 10 Gb/s PON employing R-ONUs,' presented at the 2006 European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 September 2006, paper Mo4.5.2.

Tucker, R. S.

T. Jayasinghe, C.-J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, 'Multi-wavelength Ethernet PON with RSOA based upstream modulators,' presented at the 2006 OptoElecronics and Communications Conference, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 3-7 July 2006, paper 5E3-4.

Uchinao, H.

K. Ohara, A. Tagami, H. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, T. Miyaoka, T. Kodate, T. Aoki, K. Tanaka, H. Uchinao, S. Aruga, H. Ohnishi, H. Akita, Y. Taniguchi, and K. Arai, 'Traffic analysis of Ethernet-PON in FTTH trial service,' in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 72 of 2003 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper ThA A2.

Van de Voorde, I.

I. Van de Voorde, C. M. Martin, I. Vandewege, and X. Z. Oiu, 'The superPON demonstrator: an exploration of possible evolution paths for optical access networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 74-82 (2000).

Vandewege, I.

I. Van de Voorde, C. M. Martin, I. Vandewege, and X. Z. Oiu, 'The superPON demonstrator: an exploration of possible evolution paths for optical access networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 74-82 (2000).

Vathke, J.

K.-D. Langer, J. Vathke, K. Habel, and C. Arellano, 'Recent developments in WDM-PON technology,' in Proceedings of Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2006), Vol. 1, paper MoB1.2, pp. 12-13.

Wood, T. H.

T. H. Wood, R. A. Linke, B. L. Kasper, and E. C. Carr, 'Observation of coherent Rayleigh noise in single-source bidirectional optical fiber systems,' J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 346-352 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, S.

Y.-L. Hsueh, M. S. Rogge, S. Yamamoto, and L. G. Kazovsky, 'A highly flexible and efficient passive optical network employing dynamic wavelength allocation,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 277-286 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y.-L. Hsueh, W.-T. Shaw, L. G. Kazovsky, A. Agata, and S. Yamamoto, 'Success PON demonstrator: experimental exploration of next-generation optical access networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, s26-s33 (2005).

Yoo, J.-J.

J.-J. Yoo, H.-H. Yun, T.-Y. Kim, K.-B. Lee, M.-Y. Park, B.-W. Kim, and B.-T. Kim, 'A WDM-Ethernet hybrid passive optical network architecture,' in Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT 2006) (IEEE, 2006), Vol. 3.

Yun, H.-H.

J.-J. Yoo, H.-H. Yun, T.-Y. Kim, K.-B. Lee, M.-Y. Park, B.-W. Kim, and B.-T. Kim, 'A WDM-Ethernet hybrid passive optical network architecture,' in Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT 2006) (IEEE, 2006), Vol. 3.

Electron. Lett. (1)

C.-J. Chae and T. Jayasinghe, 'Bandwidth-efficient capacity upgrade of Ethernet passive optical network systems,' Electron. Lett. 42, 938-939 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (4)

F.-T. An, D. Gutierrez, K. S. Kim, J. W. Lee, and L. G. Kazovsky, 'SUCCESS-HPON: A next-generation optical access architecture for smooth migration from TDM-PON to WDM-PON,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, S40-S47 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, 'Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): building a next-generation optical access network,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 66-73 (2002).

Y.-L. Hsueh, W.-T. Shaw, L. G. Kazovsky, A. Agata, and S. Yamamoto, 'Success PON demonstrator: experimental exploration of next-generation optical access networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, s26-s33 (2005).

I. Van de Voorde, C. M. Martin, I. Vandewege, and X. Z. Oiu, 'The superPON demonstrator: an exploration of possible evolution paths for optical access networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 74-82 (2000).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

T. Amano, F. Koyama, N. Nishiyama, and K. Iga, 'Temperature-insensitive micromachined AlGaAs-GaAs vertical cavity filter,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 510-512 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Gimlett, M. Z. Iqbal, N. K. Cheung, A. Righetti, F. Fontana, and G. Grasso, 'Observation of equivalent Rayleigh scattering mirrors in lightwave systems with optical amplifiers,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 211-213 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Tachikura, 'Numerical calculation of multiple reflected optical power in optical fiber transmission lines,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 109-111 (1994).

M. D. Feuer, M. A. Thomas, and L. M. Lunardi, 'Backreflection and loss in single-fiber loopback networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1106-1108 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (12)

M. Fujiwara, J.-i. Kani, H. Suzuki, and K. Iwatsuki, 'Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 740-746 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y.-L. Hsueh, M. S. Rogge, S. Yamamoto, and L. G. Kazovsky, 'A highly flexible and efficient passive optical network employing dynamic wavelength allocation,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 277-286 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Talli and P. D. Townsend, 'Hybrid DWDM-TDM long-reach PON for next-generation optical access,' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2827-2834 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Abrams, P. C. Becker, Y. Fujimoto, V. O'Byrne, and D. Piehler, 'FTTP deployments in the United States and Japan--equipment choices and service provider imperatives,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 236-246 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, J. W. Kwon, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, 'Hybrid WDM/TDM-PON with wavelength-selection-free transmitters,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 187-195 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S.-J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn, and K.-H. Song, 'Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,' J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2582-2591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Gimlett and N. K. Cheung, 'Effects of phase-to-intensity noise conversion by multiple reflections on gigabit-per-second DFB laser transmission systems,' J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 888-895 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. Amano, F. Koyama, T. Hino, M. Arai, and A. Mastutani, 'Design and fabrication of GaAs-GaAlAs micromachined tunable filter with thermal strain control,' J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 596-601 (2003).

T. H. Wood, R. A. Linke, B. L. Kasper, and E. C. Carr, 'Observation of coherent Rayleigh noise in single-source bidirectional optical fiber systems,' J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 346-352 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, 'Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers due to stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,' J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 710-719 (1988).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Staubli and P. Gysel, 'Crosstalk penalities due to coherent Rayleigh noise in bidirectional optical communication systems,' J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 375-380 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. Gysel and R. K. Staubli, 'Spectral properties of Rayleigh backscattered light from single-mode fibers caused by a modulated probe signal,' J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1792-1798 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Other (11)

JDS Uniphase corporation, 'Filter, tunable, voltage-controlled, 100 and 50 GHz,' http://www.jdsu.com/index.cfm?productid=241&pagepath=Products/Optical_Communications/ Products/Passive_Components_Modules/Mux/ Demux&id=5408.

W. V. Sorin, 'Nonlinear limits for optical measurements,' in Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, D.Derickson, ed. (Prentice Hall, 1998), pp. 618-619.

G. Keiser, 'Optical networks,' in Optical Fiber Communications, S.Director and A.Arbor, eds. (McGraw Hill, 2000), pp. 457--526.

K.-D. Langer, J. Vathke, K. Habel, and C. Arellano, 'Recent developments in WDM-PON technology,' in Proceedings of Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2006), Vol. 1, paper MoB1.2, pp. 12-13.

K. Ohara, A. Tagami, H. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, T. Miyaoka, T. Kodate, T. Aoki, K. Tanaka, H. Uchinao, S. Aruga, H. Ohnishi, H. Akita, Y. Taniguchi, and K. Arai, 'Traffic analysis of Ethernet-PON in FTTH trial service,' in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 72 of 2003 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper ThA A2.

IEEE Standard for Information Technology, IEEE Std 802.3ah-2004 (IEEE, 2004), pp. 0̱1-623.

ITU-T Recommendation G.984.2-2003, 'Gigabit-capable passive optical networks (GPON): physical media dependent (PMD) layer specification,' (ITU, 2003).

J.-J. Yoo, H.-H. Yun, T.-Y. Kim, K.-B. Lee, M.-Y. Park, B.-W. Kim, and B.-T. Kim, 'A WDM-Ethernet hybrid passive optical network architecture,' in Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT 2006) (IEEE, 2006), Vol. 3.

T. Jayasinghe, C.-J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, 'Multi-wavelength Ethernet PON with RSOA based upstream modulators,' presented at the 2006 OptoElecronics and Communications Conference, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 3-7 July 2006, paper 5E3-4.

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, E. K. Machale, and P. D. Townsend, 'High split ratio 116 km reach hybrid DWDM-TDM 10 Gb/s PON employing R-ONUs,' presented at the 2006 European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 September 2006, paper Mo4.5.2.

F. Payoux, P. Chanclou, M. Moignard, and R. Brenot, 'Gigabit optical access using WDM PON based on spectrum slicing and reflective SOA,' in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), paper We3.3.5.

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