Abstract

Feature Issue on Optical Code Division Multiple Access

We propose, to the best of our knowledge, a novel in-service live fiber-to-the-home (FTTH) passive optical networks (PONs) management solution. Our solution uses a modified direct-sequence (DS) optical code-division multiplexing (OCDM) system and overcomes the optical time-domain reflectometry (OTDR) point-to-multipoint shortcomings. Our solution addresses various service provisioning and network maintenance challenges in PONs, alleviates their complexity, and reduces their operational cost. In addition, our system exploits passive devices (or encoders) to demark service provider ownership and responsibility from that of customers. Our OCDM-based management solution easily scales up from FTTH time-division multiplexing (TDM)-PON to WDM-PON and TDM/WDM-PON to support as many as a thousand customers, all using only one monitoring wavelength. We address the coding system and develop capacity curves for different PON scenarios.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. P. Davey and D. B. Payne, 'The future of optical transmission in access and metro networks--an operator's view,' in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005), (IEEE, 2005), paper We 2.1.3.
  2. G. Talli, C. W. Chow, E. K. MacHale, and P. D. Townsend, 'High split ratio 116km reach hybrid DWDM-TDM 10Gb/s PON employing R-ONUs,' Presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 September 2006, paper Mo4.5.2.
  3. N. Gagnon, A. Girard, and M. Leblanc, 'Considerations and recommendations for in service out-of-band testing on live FTTH networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2006) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper NWA3.
  4. A. Girard, FTTx PON Technology and Testing (EXFO Electro-Optical Engineering, 2005).
  5. Y. Chien-Hung and C. Sien, 'Optical fiber-fault surveillance for passive optical networks in S-band operation window,' Opt. Express 13, (2005).
  6. T. Pfeiffer, 'Monitoring and protecting the optical layer in FTTH networks,' in Proceedings of the FTTH Conference and Expo, Las Vegas, Nevada, 3-6 October 2005.
  7. H. Schmuck, J. Hehmann, M. Straub, and Th. Pfeiffer, 'Embedded OTDR techniques for cost-efficient fibre monitoring in optical access networks,' Presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 September 2006, paper Mo3.5.4.
  8. C.-K. Chan, F. Tong, L.-K. Chen, K.-P. Ho, and D. Lam, 'Fiber-fault identification for branched access networks networks using a wavelength-sweeping monitoring source,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, (1999).
  9. S.-B. Park, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, D. J. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, 'Optical fault monitoring method using broadband light source in WDM-PON,' Electron. Lett. 42, (2006).
  10. S. Hann, J. Yoo, and C.-S. Park, 'Monitoring technique for hybrid PS/WDM-PON by using a tunable OTDR and FBGs,' Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1070-1074 (2006).
  11. J.-H. Park, J.-S. Baik, and C.-H. Lee, 'Fault-localization in WDM-PONs,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2006) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper JThB79.
  12. D. Derickson, Fiber Optic Test and Measurement (Prentice Hall PTR, 1997).
  13. J. M. Castro, I. B. Djordjevic, and D. F. Geraghty, 'Novel super structured Bragg gratings for optical encryption,' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1875-1885 (2006).
  14. N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, X. Zhou, and M. W. Stodden, 'Centralized in-service OTDR testing in a CWDM business access network,' J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2641-2652 (2004).
  15. H. Charmchi and J. A. Salehi, 'Outer-product matrix representation of optical orthogonal codes,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 54, 983-989 (2006).

2006 (4)

S.-B. Park, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, D. J. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, 'Optical fault monitoring method using broadband light source in WDM-PON,' Electron. Lett. 42, (2006).

S. Hann, J. Yoo, and C.-S. Park, 'Monitoring technique for hybrid PS/WDM-PON by using a tunable OTDR and FBGs,' Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1070-1074 (2006).

J. M. Castro, I. B. Djordjevic, and D. F. Geraghty, 'Novel super structured Bragg gratings for optical encryption,' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1875-1885 (2006).

H. Charmchi and J. A. Salehi, 'Outer-product matrix representation of optical orthogonal codes,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 54, 983-989 (2006).

2005 (1)

Y. Chien-Hung and C. Sien, 'Optical fiber-fault surveillance for passive optical networks in S-band operation window,' Opt. Express 13, (2005).

2004 (1)

1999 (1)

C.-K. Chan, F. Tong, L.-K. Chen, K.-P. Ho, and D. Lam, 'Fiber-fault identification for branched access networks networks using a wavelength-sweeping monitoring source,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, (1999).

Baik, J.-S.

J.-H. Park, J.-S. Baik, and C.-H. Lee, 'Fault-localization in WDM-PONs,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2006) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper JThB79.

Castro, J. M.

Chan, C.-K.

C.-K. Chan, F. Tong, L.-K. Chen, K.-P. Ho, and D. Lam, 'Fiber-fault identification for branched access networks networks using a wavelength-sweeping monitoring source,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, (1999).

Charmchi, H.

H. Charmchi and J. A. Salehi, 'Outer-product matrix representation of optical orthogonal codes,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 54, 983-989 (2006).

Chen, L.-K.

C.-K. Chan, F. Tong, L.-K. Chen, K.-P. Ho, and D. Lam, 'Fiber-fault identification for branched access networks networks using a wavelength-sweeping monitoring source,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, (1999).

Chien-Hung, Y.

Y. Chien-Hung and C. Sien, 'Optical fiber-fault surveillance for passive optical networks in S-band operation window,' Opt. Express 13, (2005).

Chow, C. W.

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, E. K. MacHale, and P. D. Townsend, 'High split ratio 116km reach hybrid DWDM-TDM 10Gb/s PON employing R-ONUs,' Presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 September 2006, paper Mo4.5.2.

Davey, R. P.

R. P. Davey and D. B. Payne, 'The future of optical transmission in access and metro networks--an operator's view,' in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005), (IEEE, 2005), paper We 2.1.3.

Derickson, D.

D. Derickson, Fiber Optic Test and Measurement (Prentice Hall PTR, 1997).

Djordjevic, I. B.

Frigo, N. J.

Gagnon, N.

N. Gagnon, A. Girard, and M. Leblanc, 'Considerations and recommendations for in service out-of-band testing on live FTTH networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2006) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper NWA3.

Geraghty, D. F.

Girard, A.

N. Gagnon, A. Girard, and M. Leblanc, 'Considerations and recommendations for in service out-of-band testing on live FTTH networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2006) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper NWA3.

A. Girard, FTTx PON Technology and Testing (EXFO Electro-Optical Engineering, 2005).

Hann, S.

S. Hann, J. Yoo, and C.-S. Park, 'Monitoring technique for hybrid PS/WDM-PON by using a tunable OTDR and FBGs,' Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1070-1074 (2006).

Hehmann, J.

H. Schmuck, J. Hehmann, M. Straub, and Th. Pfeiffer, 'Embedded OTDR techniques for cost-efficient fibre monitoring in optical access networks,' Presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 September 2006, paper Mo3.5.4.

Ho, K.-P.

C.-K. Chan, F. Tong, L.-K. Chen, K.-P. Ho, and D. Lam, 'Fiber-fault identification for branched access networks networks using a wavelength-sweeping monitoring source,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, (1999).

Hwang, S.

S.-B. Park, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, D. J. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, 'Optical fault monitoring method using broadband light source in WDM-PON,' Electron. Lett. 42, (2006).

Iannone, P. P.

Jung, D. K.

S.-B. Park, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, D. J. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, 'Optical fault monitoring method using broadband light source in WDM-PON,' Electron. Lett. 42, (2006).

Lam, D.

C.-K. Chan, F. Tong, L.-K. Chen, K.-P. Ho, and D. Lam, 'Fiber-fault identification for branched access networks networks using a wavelength-sweeping monitoring source,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, (1999).

Leblanc, M.

N. Gagnon, A. Girard, and M. Leblanc, 'Considerations and recommendations for in service out-of-band testing on live FTTH networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2006) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper NWA3.

Lee, C.-H.

J.-H. Park, J.-S. Baik, and C.-H. Lee, 'Fault-localization in WDM-PONs,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2006) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper JThB79.

MacHale, E. K.

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, E. K. MacHale, and P. D. Townsend, 'High split ratio 116km reach hybrid DWDM-TDM 10Gb/s PON employing R-ONUs,' Presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 September 2006, paper Mo4.5.2.

Oh, Y.

S.-B. Park, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, D. J. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, 'Optical fault monitoring method using broadband light source in WDM-PON,' Electron. Lett. 42, (2006).

Park, C.-S.

S. Hann, J. Yoo, and C.-S. Park, 'Monitoring technique for hybrid PS/WDM-PON by using a tunable OTDR and FBGs,' Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1070-1074 (2006).

Park, J.-H.

J.-H. Park, J.-S. Baik, and C.-H. Lee, 'Fault-localization in WDM-PONs,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2006) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper JThB79.

Park, S.-B.

S.-B. Park, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, D. J. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, 'Optical fault monitoring method using broadband light source in WDM-PON,' Electron. Lett. 42, (2006).

Payne, D. B.

R. P. Davey and D. B. Payne, 'The future of optical transmission in access and metro networks--an operator's view,' in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005), (IEEE, 2005), paper We 2.1.3.

Pfeiffer, T.

T. Pfeiffer, 'Monitoring and protecting the optical layer in FTTH networks,' in Proceedings of the FTTH Conference and Expo, Las Vegas, Nevada, 3-6 October 2005.

Pfeiffer, Th.

H. Schmuck, J. Hehmann, M. Straub, and Th. Pfeiffer, 'Embedded OTDR techniques for cost-efficient fibre monitoring in optical access networks,' Presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 September 2006, paper Mo3.5.4.

Reichmann, K. C.

Salehi, J. A.

H. Charmchi and J. A. Salehi, 'Outer-product matrix representation of optical orthogonal codes,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 54, 983-989 (2006).

Schmuck, H.

H. Schmuck, J. Hehmann, M. Straub, and Th. Pfeiffer, 'Embedded OTDR techniques for cost-efficient fibre monitoring in optical access networks,' Presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 September 2006, paper Mo3.5.4.

Shim, C.

S.-B. Park, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, D. J. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, 'Optical fault monitoring method using broadband light source in WDM-PON,' Electron. Lett. 42, (2006).

Shin, D. J.

S.-B. Park, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, D. J. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, 'Optical fault monitoring method using broadband light source in WDM-PON,' Electron. Lett. 42, (2006).

Shin, H. S.

S.-B. Park, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, D. J. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, 'Optical fault monitoring method using broadband light source in WDM-PON,' Electron. Lett. 42, (2006).

Sien, C.

Y. Chien-Hung and C. Sien, 'Optical fiber-fault surveillance for passive optical networks in S-band operation window,' Opt. Express 13, (2005).

Stodden, M. W.

Straub, M.

H. Schmuck, J. Hehmann, M. Straub, and Th. Pfeiffer, 'Embedded OTDR techniques for cost-efficient fibre monitoring in optical access networks,' Presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 September 2006, paper Mo3.5.4.

Talli, G.

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, E. K. MacHale, and P. D. Townsend, 'High split ratio 116km reach hybrid DWDM-TDM 10Gb/s PON employing R-ONUs,' Presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 September 2006, paper Mo4.5.2.

Tong, F.

C.-K. Chan, F. Tong, L.-K. Chen, K.-P. Ho, and D. Lam, 'Fiber-fault identification for branched access networks networks using a wavelength-sweeping monitoring source,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, (1999).

Townsend, P. D.

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, E. K. MacHale, and P. D. Townsend, 'High split ratio 116km reach hybrid DWDM-TDM 10Gb/s PON employing R-ONUs,' Presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 September 2006, paper Mo4.5.2.

Yoo, J.

S. Hann, J. Yoo, and C.-S. Park, 'Monitoring technique for hybrid PS/WDM-PON by using a tunable OTDR and FBGs,' Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1070-1074 (2006).

Zhou, X.

Electron. Lett. (1)

S.-B. Park, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, D. J. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, 'Optical fault monitoring method using broadband light source in WDM-PON,' Electron. Lett. 42, (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C.-K. Chan, F. Tong, L.-K. Chen, K.-P. Ho, and D. Lam, 'Fiber-fault identification for branched access networks networks using a wavelength-sweeping monitoring source,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, (1999).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

H. Charmchi and J. A. Salehi, 'Outer-product matrix representation of optical orthogonal codes,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 54, 983-989 (2006).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

S. Hann, J. Yoo, and C.-S. Park, 'Monitoring technique for hybrid PS/WDM-PON by using a tunable OTDR and FBGs,' Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1070-1074 (2006).

Opt. Express (1)

Y. Chien-Hung and C. Sien, 'Optical fiber-fault surveillance for passive optical networks in S-band operation window,' Opt. Express 13, (2005).

Other (8)

T. Pfeiffer, 'Monitoring and protecting the optical layer in FTTH networks,' in Proceedings of the FTTH Conference and Expo, Las Vegas, Nevada, 3-6 October 2005.

H. Schmuck, J. Hehmann, M. Straub, and Th. Pfeiffer, 'Embedded OTDR techniques for cost-efficient fibre monitoring in optical access networks,' Presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 September 2006, paper Mo3.5.4.

J.-H. Park, J.-S. Baik, and C.-H. Lee, 'Fault-localization in WDM-PONs,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2006) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper JThB79.

D. Derickson, Fiber Optic Test and Measurement (Prentice Hall PTR, 1997).

R. P. Davey and D. B. Payne, 'The future of optical transmission in access and metro networks--an operator's view,' in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005), (IEEE, 2005), paper We 2.1.3.

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, E. K. MacHale, and P. D. Townsend, 'High split ratio 116km reach hybrid DWDM-TDM 10Gb/s PON employing R-ONUs,' Presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 September 2006, paper Mo4.5.2.

N. Gagnon, A. Girard, and M. Leblanc, 'Considerations and recommendations for in service out-of-band testing on live FTTH networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2006) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper NWA3.

A. Girard, FTTx PON Technology and Testing (EXFO Electro-Optical Engineering, 2005).

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