Abstract

Feature Issue on Optical Code Division Multiple Access

Two-dimensional wavelength-hopping/time-spreading synchronous optical code-division multiplexing systems using a heterodyne detection receiver and pulse-position modulation (PPM) signaling are investigated. Prime sequences are used as signature code for both wavelength hopping and time spreading. Performance of the proposed systems is theoretically analyzed taking into account various kinds of noise and interference, including multiple access interference, optical beating interference, crosstalk, and receiver noise. We also compare the performance of the proposed systems with the conventional ones using ON-OFF keying signaling. Numerical results show the improvement in both number of users and optical power gain with a proper selection of PPM word length M.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Stok and E. H. Sargent, 'Lighting the local area optical code-division multiple access and quality of service provisioning,' IEEE Netw. 11-12, 42-46 (2000).
  2. A. Stok and E. H. Sargent, 'The role of optical CDMA in access networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 9, 83-87 (2002).
  3. L. Tancevski and I. Andonovic, 'Hybrid wavelength hopping/time spreading schemes for use in massive optical networks with increased security,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2636-2647 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. D. J. Smith, P. T. Gough, and D. P. Taylor, 'Noise limits of optical spectral-encoding CDMA systems,' Electron. Lett. 31, 1469-1470 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. X. Wang and K. Kitayama, 'Analysis of beat noise in coherent and incoherent time-spreading OCDMA,' J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2226-2232 (2004).
  6. L. Tancevski and L. A. Rusch, 'Impact of the beat noise on the performance of 2-D optical CDMA systems,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 4, 264-266 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. T. Pham and H. Yashima, 'Performance analysis of 2-D WH/TS OCDM systems using prime sequences and a heterodyne detection receiver,' in Proceedings of the 49th Annual IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (IEEE, 2006).
  8. H. M. H. Shalaby, 'Performance analysis of optical synchronous CDMA communication systems with PPM signaling,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 43, 624-634 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. D. J. Smith, R. J. Blaikie, and D. P. Taylor, 'Performance enhancement of spectral-amplitude-coding optical CDMA using pulse-position modulation,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 46, 1176-1185 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. M. H. Yim, L. R. Chen, and J. Bajcsy, 'Design and performance of 2-D codes for wavelength-time optical CDMA,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 714-716 (2002).
  11. A. J. Mendez, R. M. Gagliardi, V. J. Hernandez, C. V. Bennett, and W. J. Lennon, 'Design and performance analysis of wavelength/time (W/T) matrix codes for optical CDMA,' J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2524-2533 (2003).
  12. W. C. Kwong and G.-C. Yang, 'Extended carrier-hopping prime codes for wavelength-time optical code-division multiple access,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 52, 1084-1091 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G.-C. Yang and W. C. Kwong, Prime Codes With Applications to CDMA Optical and Wireless Networks (Artech House, 2002).
  14. A. Aria, M. Tur, and E. L. Goldstein, 'Probability-density function of noise at the output of a two beam interferometer,' J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 1936-1942 (1991).
  15. R. M. Gagliardi and S. Karp, Optical Communications, 2nd ed. (Wiley Interscience, 1995).

2004 (2)

W. C. Kwong and G.-C. Yang, 'Extended carrier-hopping prime codes for wavelength-time optical code-division multiple access,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 52, 1084-1091 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang and K. Kitayama, 'Analysis of beat noise in coherent and incoherent time-spreading OCDMA,' J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2226-2232 (2004).

2003 (1)

2002 (2)

R. M. H. Yim, L. R. Chen, and J. Bajcsy, 'Design and performance of 2-D codes for wavelength-time optical CDMA,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 714-716 (2002).

A. Stok and E. H. Sargent, 'The role of optical CDMA in access networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 9, 83-87 (2002).

2000 (2)

L. Tancevski and L. A. Rusch, 'Impact of the beat noise on the performance of 2-D optical CDMA systems,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 4, 264-266 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Stok and E. H. Sargent, 'Lighting the local area optical code-division multiple access and quality of service provisioning,' IEEE Netw. 11-12, 42-46 (2000).

1998 (1)

E. D. J. Smith, R. J. Blaikie, and D. P. Taylor, 'Performance enhancement of spectral-amplitude-coding optical CDMA using pulse-position modulation,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 46, 1176-1185 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

L. Tancevski and I. Andonovic, 'Hybrid wavelength hopping/time spreading schemes for use in massive optical networks with increased security,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2636-2647 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

E. D. J. Smith, P. T. Gough, and D. P. Taylor, 'Noise limits of optical spectral-encoding CDMA systems,' Electron. Lett. 31, 1469-1470 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. M. H. Shalaby, 'Performance analysis of optical synchronous CDMA communication systems with PPM signaling,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 43, 624-634 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

Andonovic, I.

L. Tancevski and I. Andonovic, 'Hybrid wavelength hopping/time spreading schemes for use in massive optical networks with increased security,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2636-2647 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Aria, A.

Bajcsy, J.

R. M. H. Yim, L. R. Chen, and J. Bajcsy, 'Design and performance of 2-D codes for wavelength-time optical CDMA,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 714-716 (2002).

Bennett, C. V.

Blaikie, R. J.

E. D. J. Smith, R. J. Blaikie, and D. P. Taylor, 'Performance enhancement of spectral-amplitude-coding optical CDMA using pulse-position modulation,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 46, 1176-1185 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L. R.

R. M. H. Yim, L. R. Chen, and J. Bajcsy, 'Design and performance of 2-D codes for wavelength-time optical CDMA,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 714-716 (2002).

Gagliardi, R. M.

Goldstein, E. L.

Gough, P. T.

E. D. J. Smith, P. T. Gough, and D. P. Taylor, 'Noise limits of optical spectral-encoding CDMA systems,' Electron. Lett. 31, 1469-1470 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hernandez, V. J.

Karp, S.

R. M. Gagliardi and S. Karp, Optical Communications, 2nd ed. (Wiley Interscience, 1995).

Kitayama, K.

Kwong, W. C.

W. C. Kwong and G.-C. Yang, 'Extended carrier-hopping prime codes for wavelength-time optical code-division multiple access,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 52, 1084-1091 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G.-C. Yang and W. C. Kwong, Prime Codes With Applications to CDMA Optical and Wireless Networks (Artech House, 2002).

Lennon, W. J.

Mendez, A. J.

Pham, A. T.

A. T. Pham and H. Yashima, 'Performance analysis of 2-D WH/TS OCDM systems using prime sequences and a heterodyne detection receiver,' in Proceedings of the 49th Annual IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (IEEE, 2006).

Rusch, L. A.

L. Tancevski and L. A. Rusch, 'Impact of the beat noise on the performance of 2-D optical CDMA systems,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 4, 264-266 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sargent, E. H.

A. Stok and E. H. Sargent, 'The role of optical CDMA in access networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 9, 83-87 (2002).

A. Stok and E. H. Sargent, 'Lighting the local area optical code-division multiple access and quality of service provisioning,' IEEE Netw. 11-12, 42-46 (2000).

Shalaby, H. M. H.

H. M. H. Shalaby, 'Performance analysis of optical synchronous CDMA communication systems with PPM signaling,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 43, 624-634 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Smith, E. D. J.

E. D. J. Smith, R. J. Blaikie, and D. P. Taylor, 'Performance enhancement of spectral-amplitude-coding optical CDMA using pulse-position modulation,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 46, 1176-1185 (1998).
[CrossRef]

E. D. J. Smith, P. T. Gough, and D. P. Taylor, 'Noise limits of optical spectral-encoding CDMA systems,' Electron. Lett. 31, 1469-1470 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Stok, A.

A. Stok and E. H. Sargent, 'The role of optical CDMA in access networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 9, 83-87 (2002).

A. Stok and E. H. Sargent, 'Lighting the local area optical code-division multiple access and quality of service provisioning,' IEEE Netw. 11-12, 42-46 (2000).

Tancevski, L.

L. Tancevski and L. A. Rusch, 'Impact of the beat noise on the performance of 2-D optical CDMA systems,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 4, 264-266 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Tancevski and I. Andonovic, 'Hybrid wavelength hopping/time spreading schemes for use in massive optical networks with increased security,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2636-2647 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, D. P.

E. D. J. Smith, R. J. Blaikie, and D. P. Taylor, 'Performance enhancement of spectral-amplitude-coding optical CDMA using pulse-position modulation,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 46, 1176-1185 (1998).
[CrossRef]

E. D. J. Smith, P. T. Gough, and D. P. Taylor, 'Noise limits of optical spectral-encoding CDMA systems,' Electron. Lett. 31, 1469-1470 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tur, M.

Wang, X.

Yang, G.-C.

W. C. Kwong and G.-C. Yang, 'Extended carrier-hopping prime codes for wavelength-time optical code-division multiple access,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 52, 1084-1091 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G.-C. Yang and W. C. Kwong, Prime Codes With Applications to CDMA Optical and Wireless Networks (Artech House, 2002).

Yashima, H.

A. T. Pham and H. Yashima, 'Performance analysis of 2-D WH/TS OCDM systems using prime sequences and a heterodyne detection receiver,' in Proceedings of the 49th Annual IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (IEEE, 2006).

Yim, R. M. H.

R. M. H. Yim, L. R. Chen, and J. Bajcsy, 'Design and performance of 2-D codes for wavelength-time optical CDMA,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 714-716 (2002).

Electron. Lett. (1)

E. D. J. Smith, P. T. Gough, and D. P. Taylor, 'Noise limits of optical spectral-encoding CDMA systems,' Electron. Lett. 31, 1469-1470 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Lett. (1)

L. Tancevski and L. A. Rusch, 'Impact of the beat noise on the performance of 2-D optical CDMA systems,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 4, 264-266 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

A. Stok and E. H. Sargent, 'The role of optical CDMA in access networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 9, 83-87 (2002).

IEEE Netw. (1)

A. Stok and E. H. Sargent, 'Lighting the local area optical code-division multiple access and quality of service provisioning,' IEEE Netw. 11-12, 42-46 (2000).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

R. M. H. Yim, L. R. Chen, and J. Bajcsy, 'Design and performance of 2-D codes for wavelength-time optical CDMA,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 714-716 (2002).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (3)

W. C. Kwong and G.-C. Yang, 'Extended carrier-hopping prime codes for wavelength-time optical code-division multiple access,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 52, 1084-1091 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. M. H. Shalaby, 'Performance analysis of optical synchronous CDMA communication systems with PPM signaling,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 43, 624-634 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. D. J. Smith, R. J. Blaikie, and D. P. Taylor, 'Performance enhancement of spectral-amplitude-coding optical CDMA using pulse-position modulation,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 46, 1176-1185 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Other (3)

A. T. Pham and H. Yashima, 'Performance analysis of 2-D WH/TS OCDM systems using prime sequences and a heterodyne detection receiver,' in Proceedings of the 49th Annual IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (IEEE, 2006).

G.-C. Yang and W. C. Kwong, Prime Codes With Applications to CDMA Optical and Wireless Networks (Artech House, 2002).

R. M. Gagliardi and S. Karp, Optical Communications, 2nd ed. (Wiley Interscience, 1995).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.