Abstract

Feature Issue on Passive Optical Network Architectures and Technologies

An architecture employing a centralized light source and reflective modulator at the customer is proposed and demonstrated for a long-reach, hybrid dense wavelength division multiplexed (DWDM)-time-division multiplexed (TDM) passive optical network (PON). Impairments to the upstream channel caused by Rayleigh backscattering in the network are mitigated using a dual-feeder-fiber approach in conjunction with a novel detuned filtering and spectral-broadening scheme. The experimental results show that the network, with a total reach of 116km and an upstream bit rate of 10Gbits/s, can support up to 256 customers on each TDM PON. The potential performance improvements obtainable from an optimized architecture are also discussed.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Nesset, R. Davey, D. Shea, P. Kirkpatrick, S. Shang, M. Lobel, and B. Christensen, '10Gbit/s bidirectional transmission in 1024-way split, 110km reach, PON system using commercial transceiver modules, super FEC and EDC,' in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005) (IEEE, 2005), paper Tu1.3.1.
  3. G. Talli and P. D. Townsend, 'Hybrid DWDM-TDM long reach PON for next generation optical access,' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2827-2834 (2006).
  4. E. K. MacHale, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, '10Gb/s bidirectional transmission in a 116km reach hybrid DWDM-TDM PON,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2006) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OFE1.
  5. G. Talli, D. Cotter, and P. D. Townsend, 'Rayleigh backscattering impairments in access networks with centralised light source,' Electron. Lett. 42, 877-878 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  8. C. W. Chow, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, 'Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 423-425 (2007).
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    [CrossRef]
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  12. I. Tafur Monroy, F. Öhman, K. Yvind, L. J. Christiansen, J. Mørk, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, 'Monolithically integrated reflective SOA-EA carrier re-modulator for broadband access nodes,' Opt. Express 14, 8060-8064 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. G. Talli, C. W. Chow, and P. D. Townsend, 'Filter impact in spectrally-broadened Rayleigh noise reduction schemes for DWDM-PONs,' presented at the 2007 Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National in Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/INFOEC 2007), Anaheim, California, 25-30 March 2007, paper OWD4.

2007 (1)

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, 'Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 423-425 (2007).

2006 (5)

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, 'The future of fibre access systems?' BT Technol. J. 20, 104-114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, '40Gbit/s polarization-insensitive and wavelength-independent InP Mach-Zehnder modulator for all-optical regeneration,' Electron. Lett. 35, 730-731 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

R. K. Staubli and P. Gysel, 'Crosstalk penalties due to coherent Rayleigh noise in bidirectional optical communication systems,' J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 375-380 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Boskovic, A.

Boucherez, E.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, '40Gbit/s polarization-insensitive and wavelength-independent InP Mach-Zehnder modulator for all-optical regeneration,' Electron. Lett. 35, 730-731 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bouchoule, S.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, '40Gbit/s polarization-insensitive and wavelength-independent InP Mach-Zehnder modulator for all-optical regeneration,' Electron. Lett. 35, 730-731 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brindel, P.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, '40Gbit/s polarization-insensitive and wavelength-independent InP Mach-Zehnder modulator for all-optical regeneration,' Electron. Lett. 35, 730-731 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Carpentier, D.

A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, D. Chiaroni, M. Le Pallec, J. Decobert, J. Landreau, D. Carpentier, and J.-G. Provost, '10Gbit/s drop and continue colorless operation of a 1.5μmAlGaInAs reflective amplified electroabsorption modulator,' presented at the 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 September 2006, paper We1.6.5.

Chiaroni, D.

A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, D. Chiaroni, M. Le Pallec, J. Decobert, J. Landreau, D. Carpentier, and J.-G. Provost, '10Gbit/s drop and continue colorless operation of a 1.5μmAlGaInAs reflective amplified electroabsorption modulator,' presented at the 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 September 2006, paper We1.6.5.

Chow, C. W.

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, 'Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 423-425 (2007).

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, and P. D. Townsend, 'Filter impact in spectrally-broadened Rayleigh noise reduction schemes for DWDM-PONs,' presented at the 2007 Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National in Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/INFOEC 2007), Anaheim, California, 25-30 March 2007, paper OWD4.

Christensen, B.

D. Nesset, R. Davey, D. Shea, P. Kirkpatrick, S. Shang, M. Lobel, and B. Christensen, '10Gbit/s bidirectional transmission in 1024-way split, 110km reach, PON system using commercial transceiver modules, super FEC and EDC,' in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005) (IEEE, 2005), paper Tu1.3.1.

Christiansen, L. J.

Cotter, D.

G. Talli, D. Cotter, and P. D. Townsend, 'Rayleigh backscattering impairments in access networks with centralised light source,' Electron. Lett. 42, 877-878 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dany, B.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, '40Gbit/s polarization-insensitive and wavelength-independent InP Mach-Zehnder modulator for all-optical regeneration,' Electron. Lett. 35, 730-731 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Davey, R.

D. Nesset, R. Davey, D. Shea, P. Kirkpatrick, S. Shang, M. Lobel, and B. Christensen, '10Gbit/s bidirectional transmission in 1024-way split, 110km reach, PON system using commercial transceiver modules, super FEC and EDC,' in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005) (IEEE, 2005), paper Tu1.3.1.

Davey, R. P.

D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, 'The future of fibre access systems?' BT Technol. J. 20, 104-114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Decobert, J.

A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, D. Chiaroni, M. Le Pallec, J. Decobert, J. Landreau, D. Carpentier, and J.-G. Provost, '10Gbit/s drop and continue colorless operation of a 1.5μmAlGaInAs reflective amplified electroabsorption modulator,' presented at the 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 September 2006, paper We1.6.5.

Desurvire, E.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, '40Gbit/s polarization-insensitive and wavelength-independent InP Mach-Zehnder modulator for all-optical regeneration,' Electron. Lett. 35, 730-731 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Duchet, C.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, '40Gbit/s polarization-insensitive and wavelength-independent InP Mach-Zehnder modulator for all-optical regeneration,' Electron. Lett. 35, 730-731 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, M.

Garreau, A.

A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, D. Chiaroni, M. Le Pallec, J. Decobert, J. Landreau, D. Carpentier, and J.-G. Provost, '10Gbit/s drop and continue colorless operation of a 1.5μmAlGaInAs reflective amplified electroabsorption modulator,' presented at the 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 September 2006, paper We1.6.5.

Gysel, P.

R. K. Staubli and P. Gysel, 'Crosstalk penalties due to coherent Rayleigh noise in bidirectional optical communication systems,' J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 375-380 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Imai, T.

Iwatsuki, K.

Jeppesen, P.

Kani, J.

Kazmierski, C.

A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, D. Chiaroni, M. Le Pallec, J. Decobert, J. Landreau, D. Carpentier, and J.-G. Provost, '10Gbit/s drop and continue colorless operation of a 1.5μmAlGaInAs reflective amplified electroabsorption modulator,' presented at the 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 September 2006, paper We1.6.5.

Kimura, H.

Kimura, S.

Kirkpatrick, P.

D. Nesset, R. Davey, D. Shea, P. Kirkpatrick, S. Shang, M. Lobel, and B. Christensen, '10Gbit/s bidirectional transmission in 1024-way split, 110km reach, PON system using commercial transceiver modules, super FEC and EDC,' in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005) (IEEE, 2005), paper Tu1.3.1.

Kozischek, D.

Kumozaki, K.

Landreau, J.

A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, D. Chiaroni, M. Le Pallec, J. Decobert, J. Landreau, D. Carpentier, and J.-G. Provost, '10Gbit/s drop and continue colorless operation of a 1.5μmAlGaInAs reflective amplified electroabsorption modulator,' presented at the 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 September 2006, paper We1.6.5.

Le Pallec, M.

A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, D. Chiaroni, M. Le Pallec, J. Decobert, J. Landreau, D. Carpentier, and J.-G. Provost, '10Gbit/s drop and continue colorless operation of a 1.5μmAlGaInAs reflective amplified electroabsorption modulator,' presented at the 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 September 2006, paper We1.6.5.

Leclerc, O.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, '40Gbit/s polarization-insensitive and wavelength-independent InP Mach-Zehnder modulator for all-optical regeneration,' Electron. Lett. 35, 730-731 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lobel, M.

D. Nesset, R. Davey, D. Shea, P. Kirkpatrick, S. Shang, M. Lobel, and B. Christensen, '10Gbit/s bidirectional transmission in 1024-way split, 110km reach, PON system using commercial transceiver modules, super FEC and EDC,' in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005) (IEEE, 2005), paper Tu1.3.1.

MacHale, E. K.

E. K. MacHale, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, '10Gb/s bidirectional transmission in a 116km reach hybrid DWDM-TDM PON,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2006) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OFE1.

Meis, D.

Mørk, J.

Nesset, D.

D. Nesset, R. Davey, D. Shea, P. Kirkpatrick, S. Shang, M. Lobel, and B. Christensen, '10Gbit/s bidirectional transmission in 1024-way split, 110km reach, PON system using commercial transceiver modules, super FEC and EDC,' in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005) (IEEE, 2005), paper Tu1.3.1.

Öhman, F.

Payne, D. B.

D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, 'The future of fibre access systems?' BT Technol. J. 20, 104-114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Peucheret, C.

Pincemin, E.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, '40Gbit/s polarization-insensitive and wavelength-independent InP Mach-Zehnder modulator for all-optical regeneration,' Electron. Lett. 35, 730-731 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Provost, J.-G.

A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, D. Chiaroni, M. Le Pallec, J. Decobert, J. Landreau, D. Carpentier, and J.-G. Provost, '10Gbit/s drop and continue colorless operation of a 1.5μmAlGaInAs reflective amplified electroabsorption modulator,' presented at the 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 September 2006, paper We1.6.5.

Rouvillain, D.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, '40Gbit/s polarization-insensitive and wavelength-independent InP Mach-Zehnder modulator for all-optical regeneration,' Electron. Lett. 35, 730-731 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shang, S.

D. Nesset, R. Davey, D. Shea, P. Kirkpatrick, S. Shang, M. Lobel, and B. Christensen, '10Gbit/s bidirectional transmission in 1024-way split, 110km reach, PON system using commercial transceiver modules, super FEC and EDC,' in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005) (IEEE, 2005), paper Tu1.3.1.

Shea, D.

D. Nesset, R. Davey, D. Shea, P. Kirkpatrick, S. Shang, M. Lobel, and B. Christensen, '10Gbit/s bidirectional transmission in 1024-way split, 110km reach, PON system using commercial transceiver modules, super FEC and EDC,' in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005) (IEEE, 2005), paper Tu1.3.1.

Staubli, R. K.

R. K. Staubli and P. Gysel, 'Crosstalk penalties due to coherent Rayleigh noise in bidirectional optical communication systems,' J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 375-380 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, H.

Tafur Monroy, I.

Talli, G.

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, 'Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 423-425 (2007).

G. Talli, D. Cotter, and P. D. Townsend, 'Rayleigh backscattering impairments in access networks with centralised light source,' Electron. Lett. 42, 877-878 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Talli and P. D. Townsend, 'Hybrid DWDM-TDM long reach PON for next generation optical access,' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2827-2834 (2006).

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, and P. D. Townsend, 'Filter impact in spectrally-broadened Rayleigh noise reduction schemes for DWDM-PONs,' presented at the 2007 Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National in Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/INFOEC 2007), Anaheim, California, 25-30 March 2007, paper OWD4.

E. K. MacHale, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, '10Gb/s bidirectional transmission in a 116km reach hybrid DWDM-TDM PON,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2006) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OFE1.

Townsend, P. D.

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, 'Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 423-425 (2007).

G. Talli, D. Cotter, and P. D. Townsend, 'Rayleigh backscattering impairments in access networks with centralised light source,' Electron. Lett. 42, 877-878 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Talli and P. D. Townsend, 'Hybrid DWDM-TDM long reach PON for next generation optical access,' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2827-2834 (2006).

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, and P. D. Townsend, 'Filter impact in spectrally-broadened Rayleigh noise reduction schemes for DWDM-PONs,' presented at the 2007 Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National in Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/INFOEC 2007), Anaheim, California, 25-30 March 2007, paper OWD4.

E. K. MacHale, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, '10Gb/s bidirectional transmission in a 116km reach hybrid DWDM-TDM PON,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2006) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OFE1.

Vaughn, M. D.

Wagner, R. E.

Yoshida, T.

Yvind, K.

BT Technol. J. (1)

D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, 'The future of fibre access systems?' BT Technol. J. 20, 104-114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

G. Talli, D. Cotter, and P. D. Townsend, 'Rayleigh backscattering impairments in access networks with centralised light source,' Electron. Lett. 42, 877-878 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, '40Gbit/s polarization-insensitive and wavelength-independent InP Mach-Zehnder modulator for all-optical regeneration,' Electron. Lett. 35, 730-731 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, 'Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 423-425 (2007).

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

Opt. Express (1)

Other (4)

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, and P. D. Townsend, 'Filter impact in spectrally-broadened Rayleigh noise reduction schemes for DWDM-PONs,' presented at the 2007 Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National in Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/INFOEC 2007), Anaheim, California, 25-30 March 2007, paper OWD4.

E. K. MacHale, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, '10Gb/s bidirectional transmission in a 116km reach hybrid DWDM-TDM PON,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2006) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OFE1.

D. Nesset, R. Davey, D. Shea, P. Kirkpatrick, S. Shang, M. Lobel, and B. Christensen, '10Gbit/s bidirectional transmission in 1024-way split, 110km reach, PON system using commercial transceiver modules, super FEC and EDC,' in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005) (IEEE, 2005), paper Tu1.3.1.

A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, D. Chiaroni, M. Le Pallec, J. Decobert, J. Landreau, D. Carpentier, and J.-G. Provost, '10Gbit/s drop and continue colorless operation of a 1.5μmAlGaInAs reflective amplified electroabsorption modulator,' presented at the 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 September 2006, paper We1.6.5.

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