Abstract

Optical control planes such as automatically switched optical networks or generalized multiprotocol label switching (GMPLS) have been viewed as one key enabling technology for future broadband communication networks for their capabilities of dynamic provisioning of flexible and effective services. To support end-to-end service delivery in optical networks, one of the most challenging issues for the optical control plane to address is how to design traffic engineering (TE) under a heterogeneous interdomain scenario. We propose a dynamic TE scheme for interdomain multilayer optical networks that supports setting up paths transparently for both intradomain and interdomain requests. The proposed scheme also disseminates through advertisement precomputed cost tables pertaining to traffic quality of service requirements, which can help optimize the utilization of both all-optical and optical-electrical-optical resources during the TE process throughout the network. We studied the TE scheme in networks with either instantaneous status update or with periodical status update. Our simulation results show that in both cases the proposed TE scheme outperforms existing TE solutions by setting up intradomain and interdomain paths integrally using the cost tables. Furthermore, we find that optimal network status update interval should vary with traffic load.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. E.Mannie, ed., 'Generalized multi-protocol label switching architecture,' RFC 3945 (2004), http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1771.txt.
  2. 'Architecture for the automatically switched optical networks (ASON),' ITU-T Recommendation G.8080/Y.1304 (ITU, 2006), http://www.itu.int/rec/dologinlowbarpub.asp?lang=e&id=T-REC-G.8080-200606-I!!PDF-E&type=items.
  3. 'Architecture and requirements for routing in the automatically switched optical networks,' ITU-T Recommendation G.7715/Y.1706 (ITU, 2002), http://www.itu.int/rec/dologinlowbarpub.asp?lang=e&id=T-REC-G.7715-200206-I!!PDF-E&type=items.
  4. D. Awduche, A. Chiu, A. Elwalid, I. Widjaja, and X. Xiao, 'Overview and principles of Internet traffic engineering,' RFC 3272 (2002), http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3272.txt.
  5. The OIF Forum, 'RSVP extension for user network interface (UNI) 1.0 signaling, release 2,' OIF-UNI-01.0-R2-RSVP (OIF, 2004), http://www.oiforum.com/public/documents/OIF-UNI-01.0-R2-RSVP.pdf.
  6. The OIF Forum, 'User network interface (UNI) 1.0 signaling specification, release 2: common part,' OIF-UNI-01.0-R2-Common (OIF, 2004), http://www.oiforum.com/public/documents/OIF-UNI-01.0-R2-Common.pdf.
  7. The OIF Forum, 'External network-network interface (E-NNI) OSPF-based routing - 1.0 (intra-carrier) implementation agreement,' OIF-ENNI-OSPF-01.0 (OIF, 2007), http://www.oiforum.com/public/documents/OIF-ENNI-OSPF-01.0.pdf.
  8. The OIF Forum, 'Intra-carrier E-NNI signaling specification,' OIF-ENNI-Sig-01.0 (OIF, 2004), http://www.oiforum.com/public/documents/OIF-E-NNI-Sig-01.0-rev1.pdf.
  9. A. Guo, Z. Zhu, and Y. Chen, 'Traffic engineering featuring dynamic lightpath provisioning in multilayer GMPLS optical networks,' J. Opt. Netw. 4, 533-548 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Rekhter and T. Li (ed.), 'A border gateway protocol 4 (BGP-4),' RFC 1771 (1995), http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1771.txt.
  11. X. Yang and B. Ramamurthy, 'Interdomain dynamic wavelength routing in the next-generation translucent optical Internet,' J. Opt. Netw. 3, 169-187 (2004).
  12. E. Toredra, X. M. Bruin, S. Lopez, and J. Pareta, 'Efficient routing algorithms for hierarchical optical transport networks,' in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), pp. 33-36.
  13. B. Quoitin, C. Pelsser, L. Swinnen, O. Bonaventure, and S. Uhlig, 'Interdomain traffic engineering with BGP,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 122-128 (2003).
  14. L. Xiao, J. Wang, K. Lui, and K. Nahrstedt, 'Advertising interdomain QoS routing information,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1949-1964 (2004).
  15. W. C. Lee, 'Spanning tree method for link statement aggregation in large communication networks,' in Proceedings of the Fourteenth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (INFOCOM'95), (IEEE, 2005), pp. 297-302.
  16. The ATM Forum, 'Private network-network interface specification version 1.1 (PNNI 1.1),' af-pnni-0055.002 (2002), http://www.mfaforum.org/ftp/pub/approved-specs/af-pnni-0055.002.pdf.

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

X. Yang and B. Ramamurthy, 'Interdomain dynamic wavelength routing in the next-generation translucent optical Internet,' J. Opt. Netw. 3, 169-187 (2004).

L. Xiao, J. Wang, K. Lui, and K. Nahrstedt, 'Advertising interdomain QoS routing information,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1949-1964 (2004).

2003 (1)

B. Quoitin, C. Pelsser, L. Swinnen, O. Bonaventure, and S. Uhlig, 'Interdomain traffic engineering with BGP,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 122-128 (2003).

Awduche, D.

D. Awduche, A. Chiu, A. Elwalid, I. Widjaja, and X. Xiao, 'Overview and principles of Internet traffic engineering,' RFC 3272 (2002), http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3272.txt.

Bonaventure, O.

B. Quoitin, C. Pelsser, L. Swinnen, O. Bonaventure, and S. Uhlig, 'Interdomain traffic engineering with BGP,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 122-128 (2003).

Bruin, X. M.

E. Toredra, X. M. Bruin, S. Lopez, and J. Pareta, 'Efficient routing algorithms for hierarchical optical transport networks,' in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), pp. 33-36.

Chen, Y.

Chiu, A.

D. Awduche, A. Chiu, A. Elwalid, I. Widjaja, and X. Xiao, 'Overview and principles of Internet traffic engineering,' RFC 3272 (2002), http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3272.txt.

Elwalid, A.

D. Awduche, A. Chiu, A. Elwalid, I. Widjaja, and X. Xiao, 'Overview and principles of Internet traffic engineering,' RFC 3272 (2002), http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3272.txt.

Guo, A.

Lee, W. C.

W. C. Lee, 'Spanning tree method for link statement aggregation in large communication networks,' in Proceedings of the Fourteenth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (INFOCOM'95), (IEEE, 2005), pp. 297-302.

Li, T.

Y. Rekhter and T. Li (ed.), 'A border gateway protocol 4 (BGP-4),' RFC 1771 (1995), http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1771.txt.

Lopez, S.

E. Toredra, X. M. Bruin, S. Lopez, and J. Pareta, 'Efficient routing algorithms for hierarchical optical transport networks,' in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), pp. 33-36.

Lui, K.

L. Xiao, J. Wang, K. Lui, and K. Nahrstedt, 'Advertising interdomain QoS routing information,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1949-1964 (2004).

Nahrstedt, K.

L. Xiao, J. Wang, K. Lui, and K. Nahrstedt, 'Advertising interdomain QoS routing information,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1949-1964 (2004).

Pareta, J.

E. Toredra, X. M. Bruin, S. Lopez, and J. Pareta, 'Efficient routing algorithms for hierarchical optical transport networks,' in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), pp. 33-36.

Pelsser, C.

B. Quoitin, C. Pelsser, L. Swinnen, O. Bonaventure, and S. Uhlig, 'Interdomain traffic engineering with BGP,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 122-128 (2003).

Quoitin, B.

B. Quoitin, C. Pelsser, L. Swinnen, O. Bonaventure, and S. Uhlig, 'Interdomain traffic engineering with BGP,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 122-128 (2003).

Ramamurthy, B.

Rekhter, Y.

Y. Rekhter and T. Li (ed.), 'A border gateway protocol 4 (BGP-4),' RFC 1771 (1995), http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1771.txt.

Swinnen, L.

B. Quoitin, C. Pelsser, L. Swinnen, O. Bonaventure, and S. Uhlig, 'Interdomain traffic engineering with BGP,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 122-128 (2003).

Toredra, E.

E. Toredra, X. M. Bruin, S. Lopez, and J. Pareta, 'Efficient routing algorithms for hierarchical optical transport networks,' in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), pp. 33-36.

Uhlig, S.

B. Quoitin, C. Pelsser, L. Swinnen, O. Bonaventure, and S. Uhlig, 'Interdomain traffic engineering with BGP,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 122-128 (2003).

Wang, J.

L. Xiao, J. Wang, K. Lui, and K. Nahrstedt, 'Advertising interdomain QoS routing information,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1949-1964 (2004).

Widjaja, I.

D. Awduche, A. Chiu, A. Elwalid, I. Widjaja, and X. Xiao, 'Overview and principles of Internet traffic engineering,' RFC 3272 (2002), http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3272.txt.

Xiao, L.

L. Xiao, J. Wang, K. Lui, and K. Nahrstedt, 'Advertising interdomain QoS routing information,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1949-1964 (2004).

Xiao, X.

D. Awduche, A. Chiu, A. Elwalid, I. Widjaja, and X. Xiao, 'Overview and principles of Internet traffic engineering,' RFC 3272 (2002), http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3272.txt.

Yang, X.

Zhu, Z.

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

B. Quoitin, C. Pelsser, L. Swinnen, O. Bonaventure, and S. Uhlig, 'Interdomain traffic engineering with BGP,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 122-128 (2003).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

L. Xiao, J. Wang, K. Lui, and K. Nahrstedt, 'Advertising interdomain QoS routing information,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1949-1964 (2004).

J. Opt. Netw. (2)

Other (12)

E. Toredra, X. M. Bruin, S. Lopez, and J. Pareta, 'Efficient routing algorithms for hierarchical optical transport networks,' in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), pp. 33-36.

Y. Rekhter and T. Li (ed.), 'A border gateway protocol 4 (BGP-4),' RFC 1771 (1995), http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1771.txt.

W. C. Lee, 'Spanning tree method for link statement aggregation in large communication networks,' in Proceedings of the Fourteenth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (INFOCOM'95), (IEEE, 2005), pp. 297-302.

The ATM Forum, 'Private network-network interface specification version 1.1 (PNNI 1.1),' af-pnni-0055.002 (2002), http://www.mfaforum.org/ftp/pub/approved-specs/af-pnni-0055.002.pdf.

E.Mannie, ed., 'Generalized multi-protocol label switching architecture,' RFC 3945 (2004), http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1771.txt.

'Architecture for the automatically switched optical networks (ASON),' ITU-T Recommendation G.8080/Y.1304 (ITU, 2006), http://www.itu.int/rec/dologinlowbarpub.asp?lang=e&id=T-REC-G.8080-200606-I!!PDF-E&type=items.

'Architecture and requirements for routing in the automatically switched optical networks,' ITU-T Recommendation G.7715/Y.1706 (ITU, 2002), http://www.itu.int/rec/dologinlowbarpub.asp?lang=e&id=T-REC-G.7715-200206-I!!PDF-E&type=items.

D. Awduche, A. Chiu, A. Elwalid, I. Widjaja, and X. Xiao, 'Overview and principles of Internet traffic engineering,' RFC 3272 (2002), http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3272.txt.

The OIF Forum, 'RSVP extension for user network interface (UNI) 1.0 signaling, release 2,' OIF-UNI-01.0-R2-RSVP (OIF, 2004), http://www.oiforum.com/public/documents/OIF-UNI-01.0-R2-RSVP.pdf.

The OIF Forum, 'User network interface (UNI) 1.0 signaling specification, release 2: common part,' OIF-UNI-01.0-R2-Common (OIF, 2004), http://www.oiforum.com/public/documents/OIF-UNI-01.0-R2-Common.pdf.

The OIF Forum, 'External network-network interface (E-NNI) OSPF-based routing - 1.0 (intra-carrier) implementation agreement,' OIF-ENNI-OSPF-01.0 (OIF, 2007), http://www.oiforum.com/public/documents/OIF-ENNI-OSPF-01.0.pdf.

The OIF Forum, 'Intra-carrier E-NNI signaling specification,' OIF-ENNI-Sig-01.0 (OIF, 2004), http://www.oiforum.com/public/documents/OIF-E-NNI-Sig-01.0-rev1.pdf.

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