Abstract

Feature Issue on Passive Optical Network Architectures and Technologies

We propose and demonstrate that the power budget and scalability of the wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM PON) implemented by using reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers (RSOAs) can be significantly improved by modulating the downstream signals in Manchester format instead of the conventional non-return-to-zero format. As an example, we experimentally show that the maximum transmission distance of the RSOA-based WDM PON can be increased by a factor of 2 by using the Manchester-encoded downstream signals.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. D. Feldman, E. E. Harstead, S. Jiang, T. H. Wood, and M. Zirngibl, 'An evaluation of architectures incorporating wavelength division multiplexing for broad-band fiber access,' J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1546-1559 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. U. Hilbk, T. Hermes, J. Saniter, and F.-J. Westphal, 'High capacity WDM overlay on a passive optical network,' Electron. Lett. 32, 2162-2163 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, 'Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1458-1461 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, 'A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. D. Feuer, J. M. Wiesenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Shunk, and N. K. Dutta, 'Single-port laser-amplifier modulators for local access,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1175-1177 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Takesue and T. Sugie, 'Wavelength channel data rewrite using saturated SOA modulator for WDM networks with centralized light sources,' J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2546-2556 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. J. Koponen and M. J. Soderlund, 'A duplex WDM passive optical network with 1:16 power split using reflective SOA remodulator at ONU,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2004), Vol. 95A of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper MF99.
  8. N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, 'A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1365-1367 (1994).
  9. W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, 'Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifier,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. V. Muoi, 'Receiver design for digital fiber optic transmission systems using Manchester (biphase) coding,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 31, 608-619 (1983).
  11. C. R. S. Fludger, Y. Zhu, V. Handerek, and R. J. Mears, 'Impact of MPI and modulation format on transmission systems employing distributed Raman amplification,' Electron. Lett. 37, 970-972 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. Derickson, Fiber Optic Test and Measurement (Prentice Hall, 1998), Chap. 10.
  13. M. Nakazawa, 'Rayleigh backscattering theory for single-mode optical fibers,' J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 1175-1180 (1983).

2005 (1)

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, 'Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifier,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2001 (1)

C. R. S. Fludger, Y. Zhu, V. Handerek, and R. J. Mears, 'Impact of MPI and modulation format on transmission systems employing distributed Raman amplification,' Electron. Lett. 37, 970-972 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, 'A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1996 (2)

M. D. Feuer, J. M. Wiesenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Shunk, and N. K. Dutta, 'Single-port laser-amplifier modulators for local access,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1175-1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

U. Hilbk, T. Hermes, J. Saniter, and F.-J. Westphal, 'High capacity WDM overlay on a passive optical network,' Electron. Lett. 32, 2162-2163 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, 'A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1365-1367 (1994).

1993 (1)

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, 'Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1458-1461 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1983 (2)

M. Nakazawa, 'Rayleigh backscattering theory for single-mode optical fibers,' J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 1175-1180 (1983).

T. V. Muoi, 'Receiver design for digital fiber optic transmission systems using Manchester (biphase) coding,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 31, 608-619 (1983).

Bodeep, G. E.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, 'A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1365-1367 (1994).

Burrus, C. A.

M. D. Feuer, J. M. Wiesenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Shunk, and N. K. Dutta, 'Single-port laser-amplifier modulators for local access,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1175-1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cho, S. H.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, 'Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifier,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y. C.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, 'Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1458-1461 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Darcie, T. E.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, 'A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1365-1367 (1994).

Derickson, D.

D. Derickson, Fiber Optic Test and Measurement (Prentice Hall, 1998), Chap. 10.

Desai, B. N.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, 'A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1365-1367 (1994).

DiGiovanni, D. J.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, 'Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1458-1461 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Downs, M. M.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, 'A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1365-1367 (1994).

Dragone, C.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, 'A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1365-1367 (1994).

Dutta, N. K.

M. D. Feuer, J. M. Wiesenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Shunk, and N. K. Dutta, 'Single-port laser-amplifier modulators for local access,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1175-1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Feldman, R. D.

Feuer, M. D.

M. D. Feuer, J. M. Wiesenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Shunk, and N. K. Dutta, 'Single-port laser-amplifier modulators for local access,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1175-1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fludger, C. R. S.

C. R. S. Fludger, Y. Zhu, V. Handerek, and R. J. Mears, 'Impact of MPI and modulation format on transmission systems employing distributed Raman amplification,' Electron. Lett. 37, 970-972 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Frigo, N. J.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, 'A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1365-1367 (1994).

Handerek, V.

C. R. S. Fludger, Y. Zhu, V. Handerek, and R. J. Mears, 'Impact of MPI and modulation format on transmission systems employing distributed Raman amplification,' Electron. Lett. 37, 970-972 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Harstead, E. E.

Hermes, T.

U. Hilbk, T. Hermes, J. Saniter, and F.-J. Westphal, 'High capacity WDM overlay on a passive optical network,' Electron. Lett. 32, 2162-2163 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hilbk, U.

U. Hilbk, T. Hermes, J. Saniter, and F.-J. Westphal, 'High capacity WDM overlay on a passive optical network,' Electron. Lett. 32, 2162-2163 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Iannone, P. P.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, 'A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1365-1367 (1994).

Jeong, G.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, 'Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifier,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

Kang, S. G.

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, 'A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. W.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, 'Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifier,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, 'Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifier,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. D.

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, 'A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Koch, T. L.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, 'A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1365-1367 (1994).

Koponen, J. J.

J. J. Koponen and M. J. Soderlund, 'A duplex WDM passive optical network with 1:16 power split using reflective SOA remodulator at ONU,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2004), Vol. 95A of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper MF99.

Koren, U.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, 'A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1365-1367 (1994).

Lee, C. H.

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, 'A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, 'Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifier,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. S.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, 'Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1458-1461 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lee, W.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, 'Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifier,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Magill, P. D.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, 'A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1365-1367 (1994).

Mears, R. J.

C. R. S. Fludger, Y. Zhu, V. Handerek, and R. J. Mears, 'Impact of MPI and modulation format on transmission systems employing distributed Raman amplification,' Electron. Lett. 37, 970-972 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Muoi, T. V.

T. V. Muoi, 'Receiver design for digital fiber optic transmission systems using Manchester (biphase) coding,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 31, 608-619 (1983).

Nakazawa, M.

Park, M. Y.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, 'Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifier,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Perino, J. S.

M. D. Feuer, J. M. Wiesenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Shunk, and N. K. Dutta, 'Single-port laser-amplifier modulators for local access,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1175-1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Presby, H. M.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, 'A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1365-1367 (1994).

Raybon, G.

M. D. Feuer, J. M. Wiesenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Shunk, and N. K. Dutta, 'Single-port laser-amplifier modulators for local access,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1175-1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Saniter, J.

U. Hilbk, T. Hermes, J. Saniter, and F.-J. Westphal, 'High capacity WDM overlay on a passive optical network,' Electron. Lett. 32, 2162-2163 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shunk, S. C.

M. D. Feuer, J. M. Wiesenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Shunk, and N. K. Dutta, 'Single-port laser-amplifier modulators for local access,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1175-1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Soderlund, M. J.

J. J. Koponen and M. J. Soderlund, 'A duplex WDM passive optical network with 1:16 power split using reflective SOA remodulator at ONU,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2004), Vol. 95A of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper MF99.

Sugie, T.

Takesue, H.

Westphal, F.-J.

U. Hilbk, T. Hermes, J. Saniter, and F.-J. Westphal, 'High capacity WDM overlay on a passive optical network,' Electron. Lett. 32, 2162-2163 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wiesenfeld, J. M.

M. D. Feuer, J. M. Wiesenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Shunk, and N. K. Dutta, 'Single-port laser-amplifier modulators for local access,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1175-1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wood, T. H.

Zhu, Y.

C. R. S. Fludger, Y. Zhu, V. Handerek, and R. J. Mears, 'Impact of MPI and modulation format on transmission systems employing distributed Raman amplification,' Electron. Lett. 37, 970-972 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zirngibl, M.

Electron. Lett. (2)

U. Hilbk, T. Hermes, J. Saniter, and F.-J. Westphal, 'High capacity WDM overlay on a passive optical network,' Electron. Lett. 32, 2162-2163 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. R. S. Fludger, Y. Zhu, V. Handerek, and R. J. Mears, 'Impact of MPI and modulation format on transmission systems employing distributed Raman amplification,' Electron. Lett. 37, 970-972 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, and G. E. Bodeep, 'A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1365-1367 (1994).

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, 'Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifier,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, 'Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1458-1461 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, 'A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Feuer, J. M. Wiesenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Shunk, and N. K. Dutta, 'Single-port laser-amplifier modulators for local access,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1175-1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

T. V. Muoi, 'Receiver design for digital fiber optic transmission systems using Manchester (biphase) coding,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 31, 608-619 (1983).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Other (2)

D. Derickson, Fiber Optic Test and Measurement (Prentice Hall, 1998), Chap. 10.

J. J. Koponen and M. J. Soderlund, 'A duplex WDM passive optical network with 1:16 power split using reflective SOA remodulator at ONU,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2004), Vol. 95A of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper MF99.

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