Abstract

Feature Issue on Optical Code Division Multiple Access

We present and review several aspects of incoherent optical code-division multiple access (OCDMA), focusing on the flexible bandwidth allocation and its potential for future optical networks. We briefly present the various OCDMA approaches, coherent and incoherent, before focusing on the later and more specifically temporal 1D and 2D wavelength-hopping time spreading. We then concentrate on the properties specific to such schemes allowing for its increased scalability and flexibility. The main coding properties are reviewed, and the multicode property for increased performance and security is described. Several subsystems are presented to allow the compatibility of OCDMA on multihop networks where the properties of OCDMA would allow shifting some management functions down to the physical layer creating an optical layer with enhanced functionalities.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  2. A. Stok and E. H. Sargent, 'Lighting the local area: optical code-division multiple access and quality of service provisioning,' IEEE Network 14, 42-46 (2000).
  3. V. Baby, C.-S. Brès, I. G. L. Xu, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Demonstration of differentiated service provisioning with 4-node 253 Gchip/s fast frequency-hopping time-spreading OCDMA,' Electron. Lett. 40, 755-756 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. R. Prucnal, M. A. Santoro, and T. R. Fan, 'Spread spectrum fiber-optic local area network using optical processing,' Electron. Lett. 4, 547-554 (1986).
  5. D. Zaccarin and M. Kavegard, 'An optical CDMA system based on spectral amplitude encoding of an LED,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 479-482 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. A. Hassan, J. E. Hershey, and N. A. Riza, 'Spatial optical CDMA,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 13, 609-613 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Tancevski and I. Andonovic, 'Wavelength hopping/time spreading code division multiple access systems,' Electron. Lett. 30, 721-723 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G.-C. Yang and W. C. Kwong, 'Two-dimensional spatial signature patterns,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 44, 184-191 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W. C. Kwong and G.-C. Yang, Prime Codes With Applications to CDMA Optical and Wireless Networks (Artech House, 2002).
  10. F. R. K. Chung, J. A. Salehi, and V. K. Wei, 'Optical orthogonal codes: design, analysis and applications,' IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 35, 595604 (1989).
  11. V. Baby, D. Rand, C.-S. Brès, L. Xu, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Incoherent optical CDMA systems,' in Optical Code Division Multiple Access: Fundamentals and Applications (Taylor and Francis, 2006).
  12. Y.-K. Huang, V. Baby, P. R. Prucnal, C. M. Greiner, D. Iazikov, and T. W. Mossberg, 'Integrated holographic encoder for wavelength-hopping/time-spreading optical CDMA,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 825-827 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. R. Chen and P. W. E. Smith, 'Demonstration of incoherent wavelength-encoding/time-spreading optical CDMA using chirped moire gratings,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1281-1283 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  14. 'Economics of very large scale integration photonics,' white paper (Little Optics Inc., 2003).
  15. P. R. Prucnal, M. F. Krol, and J. L. Stacy, 'Demonstration of a rapidly tunable optical time-division multiple-access coder,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 170-172 (1991).
  16. K.-L. Deng, K. I. Kang, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'A 1024-channel fast tunable delay line for ultrafast all-optical TDM networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1496-1498 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  17. L. Tancevski, M. Tur, J. Budin, and I. Andonovic, 'Hybrid wavelength hopping/time spreading code division multiple access systems,' IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 143, 161-166 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  18. K. Yu and N. Park, 'Design of new family of two-dimensional wavelength-time spreading codes for optical code division multiple access networks,' Electron. Lett. 35, 830-831 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  19. L. Tancevski and I. Andonovic, 'Hybrid wavelength hopping/time spreading schemes for use in massive optical networks with increased security,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2636-2647 (1996).
  20. J.-H. Wen, J.-Y. Lin, and C.-Y. Liu, 'Modified prime-hop codes for optical CDMA systems,' IEE Proc. Commun. 150, 404-408 (2003).
  21. W. C. Kwong and G.-C. Yang, 'Extended carrier-hopping prime codes for wavelength-time optical code division multiple access,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 52, 1084-1098 (2004).
  22. S. V. Maric, Z. I. Kostic, and E. L. Titlebaum, 'A new family of optical code sequences for use in spread-spectrum fiber-optic local area networks,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 14, 1217-1221 (1993).
  23. C.-C. Hsu, G.-C. Yang, and W. C. Kwong, 'Performance analysis of 2-D optical codes with arbitrary cross-correlation values under the chip-asynchronous assumption,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 11, 170-172 (2007).
  24. S. Goldberg, V. Baby, T. Wang, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Source matched spreading codes for optical CDMA,' IEEE Trans. Commun. (to be published).
  25. W. C. Kwong and G.-C. Yang, 'Multiple-length extended carrier-hopping prime codes for optical CDMA systems supporting multirate multimedia services,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3653-3662 (2005).
  26. W. C. Kwong and G.-C. Yang, 'Image transmission in multicore-fiber code-division multiple access networks,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 2, 285-287 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  27. C.-S. Brès, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Tunable optical CDMA transmitter for differentiated service provisioning,' Opt. Commun. 271, 2314-2316 (2007).
  28. L. Nguyen, B. Aazhang, and J. F. Young, 'All-optical CDMA with bipolar codes,' Electron. Lett. 31, 469-470 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  29. X. Wang, T. Hamanaka, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, 'Dispersion-flattened-fiber based optical thresholder for multiple-access-interference suppression in OCDMA system,' Opt. Express 13, 5499-5505 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  30. L. Xu, I. Glesk, V. Baby, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Multiple access interference (MAI) noise reduction in a 2D optical CDMA system using ultrafast optical thresholding,' in The 17th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting (LEOS 2004) (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 2, pp. 591-592.
  31. C.-S. Brès, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Incoherent OCDMA system using a super-continuum source and optical time gating,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2889-2891 (2006).
  32. C.-S. Brès, Y.-K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, 'On the experimental characterization of beat noise in 2-D time-spreading wavelength-hopping OCDMA systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2314-2316 (2006).
  33. J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, 'A terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer (TOAD),' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787-790 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  34. E. Narimanov, W. C. Kwong, G.-C. Yang, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Shifted carrier-hopping prime codes for multicode keying in wavelength-time O-CDMA,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 53, 2150-2156 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  35. C.-S. Brès, T. Banwell, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, and W. C. Kwong, 'Novel optical PPM processing: architecture and demonstration in an OCDMA system,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 915-926 (2006).
  36. I. Glesk, Y.-K. Yuang, C.-S. Brès, and P. R. Prucnal, 'OCDMA platform for avionics applications,' Electron. Lett. 42, 1115-1116 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  37. R. Menendez, P. Toliver, S. Galli, A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, J. Jackel, J. Young, and S. Etemad, 'Network applications of cascaded passive code translation for WDM-compatible spectrally phase encoded optical CDMA,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3219-3231 (2005).
  38. D. D. Sampson, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, and W. Chujo, 'Demonstration of reconfigurable all-optical code conversion for photonic code-division multiplexing and networking,' Electron. Lett. 36, 445-447 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  39. K. Kitayama, N. Wada, and H. Sotobayashi, 'Architectural considerations for photonic IP router based upon optical code correlation,' J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1834-1844 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  40. C.-S. Brès, R. J. Runser, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'All-optical OCDMA code drop unit for transparent ring networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1088-1090 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  41. C.-S. Brès, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Demonstration of a transparent router for wavelength-hopping time-spreading optical CDMA,' Opt. Commun. 254, 58-66 (2005).

2007 (2)

C.-C. Hsu, G.-C. Yang, and W. C. Kwong, 'Performance analysis of 2-D optical codes with arbitrary cross-correlation values under the chip-asynchronous assumption,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 11, 170-172 (2007).

C.-S. Brès, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Tunable optical CDMA transmitter for differentiated service provisioning,' Opt. Commun. 271, 2314-2316 (2007).

2006 (4)

C.-S. Brès, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Incoherent OCDMA system using a super-continuum source and optical time gating,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2889-2891 (2006).

C.-S. Brès, Y.-K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, 'On the experimental characterization of beat noise in 2-D time-spreading wavelength-hopping OCDMA systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2314-2316 (2006).

C.-S. Brès, T. Banwell, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, and W. C. Kwong, 'Novel optical PPM processing: architecture and demonstration in an OCDMA system,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 915-926 (2006).

I. Glesk, Y.-K. Yuang, C.-S. Brès, and P. R. Prucnal, 'OCDMA platform for avionics applications,' Electron. Lett. 42, 1115-1116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (7)

R. Menendez, P. Toliver, S. Galli, A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, J. Jackel, J. Young, and S. Etemad, 'Network applications of cascaded passive code translation for WDM-compatible spectrally phase encoded optical CDMA,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3219-3231 (2005).

C.-S. Brès, R. J. Runser, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'All-optical OCDMA code drop unit for transparent ring networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1088-1090 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Brès, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Demonstration of a transparent router for wavelength-hopping time-spreading optical CDMA,' Opt. Commun. 254, 58-66 (2005).

E. Narimanov, W. C. Kwong, G.-C. Yang, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Shifted carrier-hopping prime codes for multicode keying in wavelength-time O-CDMA,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 53, 2150-2156 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, T. Hamanaka, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, 'Dispersion-flattened-fiber based optical thresholder for multiple-access-interference suppression in OCDMA system,' Opt. Express 13, 5499-5505 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Kwong and G.-C. Yang, 'Multiple-length extended carrier-hopping prime codes for optical CDMA systems supporting multirate multimedia services,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3653-3662 (2005).

Y.-K. Huang, V. Baby, P. R. Prucnal, C. M. Greiner, D. Iazikov, and T. W. Mossberg, 'Integrated holographic encoder for wavelength-hopping/time-spreading optical CDMA,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 825-827 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

W. C. Kwong and G.-C. Yang, 'Extended carrier-hopping prime codes for wavelength-time optical code division multiple access,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 52, 1084-1098 (2004).

V. Baby, C.-S. Brès, I. G. L. Xu, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Demonstration of differentiated service provisioning with 4-node 253 Gchip/s fast frequency-hopping time-spreading OCDMA,' Electron. Lett. 40, 755-756 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Kwong and G.-C. Yang, 'Image transmission in multicore-fiber code-division multiple access networks,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 2, 285-287 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

J.-H. Wen, J.-Y. Lin, and C.-Y. Liu, 'Modified prime-hop codes for optical CDMA systems,' IEE Proc. Commun. 150, 404-408 (2003).

2000 (4)

D. D. Sampson, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, and W. Chujo, 'Demonstration of reconfigurable all-optical code conversion for photonic code-division multiplexing and networking,' Electron. Lett. 36, 445-447 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama, N. Wada, and H. Sotobayashi, 'Architectural considerations for photonic IP router based upon optical code correlation,' J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1834-1844 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Stok and E. H. Sargent, 'Lighting the local area: optical code-division multiple access and quality of service provisioning,' IEEE Network 14, 42-46 (2000).

L. R. Chen and P. W. E. Smith, 'Demonstration of incoherent wavelength-encoding/time-spreading optical CDMA using chirped moire gratings,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1281-1283 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

K. Yu and N. Park, 'Design of new family of two-dimensional wavelength-time spreading codes for optical code division multiple access networks,' Electron. Lett. 35, 830-831 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

K.-L. Deng, K. I. Kang, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'A 1024-channel fast tunable delay line for ultrafast all-optical TDM networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1496-1498 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

L. Tancevski, M. Tur, J. Budin, and I. Andonovic, 'Hybrid wavelength hopping/time spreading code division multiple access systems,' IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 143, 161-166 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. Tancevski and I. Andonovic, 'Hybrid wavelength hopping/time spreading schemes for use in massive optical networks with increased security,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2636-2647 (1996).

G.-C. Yang and W. C. Kwong, 'Two-dimensional spatial signature patterns,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 44, 184-191 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

A. A. Hassan, J. E. Hershey, and N. A. Riza, 'Spatial optical CDMA,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 13, 609-613 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. Nguyen, B. Aazhang, and J. F. Young, 'All-optical CDMA with bipolar codes,' Electron. Lett. 31, 469-470 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

L. Tancevski and I. Andonovic, 'Wavelength hopping/time spreading code division multiple access systems,' Electron. Lett. 30, 721-723 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (3)

D. Zaccarin and M. Kavegard, 'An optical CDMA system based on spectral amplitude encoding of an LED,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 479-482 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Maric, Z. I. Kostic, and E. L. Titlebaum, 'A new family of optical code sequences for use in spread-spectrum fiber-optic local area networks,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 14, 1217-1221 (1993).

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, 'A terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer (TOAD),' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787-790 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

P. R. Prucnal, M. F. Krol, and J. L. Stacy, 'Demonstration of a rapidly tunable optical time-division multiple-access coder,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 170-172 (1991).

1989 (1)

F. R. K. Chung, J. A. Salehi, and V. K. Wei, 'Optical orthogonal codes: design, analysis and applications,' IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 35, 595604 (1989).

1986 (1)

P. R. Prucnal, M. A. Santoro, and T. R. Fan, 'Spread spectrum fiber-optic local area network using optical processing,' Electron. Lett. 4, 547-554 (1986).

Aazhang, B.

L. Nguyen, B. Aazhang, and J. F. Young, 'All-optical CDMA with bipolar codes,' Electron. Lett. 31, 469-470 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Agarwal, A.

Andonovic, I.

C.-S. Brès, Y.-K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, 'On the experimental characterization of beat noise in 2-D time-spreading wavelength-hopping OCDMA systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2314-2316 (2006).

L. Tancevski, M. Tur, J. Budin, and I. Andonovic, 'Hybrid wavelength hopping/time spreading code division multiple access systems,' IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 143, 161-166 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. Tancevski and I. Andonovic, 'Hybrid wavelength hopping/time spreading schemes for use in massive optical networks with increased security,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2636-2647 (1996).

L. Tancevski and I. Andonovic, 'Wavelength hopping/time spreading code division multiple access systems,' Electron. Lett. 30, 721-723 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Baby, V.

Y.-K. Huang, V. Baby, P. R. Prucnal, C. M. Greiner, D. Iazikov, and T. W. Mossberg, 'Integrated holographic encoder for wavelength-hopping/time-spreading optical CDMA,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 825-827 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Baby, C.-S. Brès, I. G. L. Xu, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Demonstration of differentiated service provisioning with 4-node 253 Gchip/s fast frequency-hopping time-spreading OCDMA,' Electron. Lett. 40, 755-756 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Baby, D. Rand, C.-S. Brès, L. Xu, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Incoherent optical CDMA systems,' in Optical Code Division Multiple Access: Fundamentals and Applications (Taylor and Francis, 2006).

S. Goldberg, V. Baby, T. Wang, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Source matched spreading codes for optical CDMA,' IEEE Trans. Commun. (to be published).

L. Xu, I. Glesk, V. Baby, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Multiple access interference (MAI) noise reduction in a 2D optical CDMA system using ultrafast optical thresholding,' in The 17th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting (LEOS 2004) (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 2, pp. 591-592.

Banwell, T.

Bazan, T.

C.-S. Brès, Y.-K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, 'On the experimental characterization of beat noise in 2-D time-spreading wavelength-hopping OCDMA systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2314-2316 (2006).

Brès, C.-S.

C.-S. Brès, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Tunable optical CDMA transmitter for differentiated service provisioning,' Opt. Commun. 271, 2314-2316 (2007).

C.-S. Brès, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Incoherent OCDMA system using a super-continuum source and optical time gating,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2889-2891 (2006).

C.-S. Brès, Y.-K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, 'On the experimental characterization of beat noise in 2-D time-spreading wavelength-hopping OCDMA systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2314-2316 (2006).

C.-S. Brès, T. Banwell, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, and W. C. Kwong, 'Novel optical PPM processing: architecture and demonstration in an OCDMA system,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 915-926 (2006).

I. Glesk, Y.-K. Yuang, C.-S. Brès, and P. R. Prucnal, 'OCDMA platform for avionics applications,' Electron. Lett. 42, 1115-1116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Brès, R. J. Runser, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'All-optical OCDMA code drop unit for transparent ring networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1088-1090 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Brès, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Demonstration of a transparent router for wavelength-hopping time-spreading optical CDMA,' Opt. Commun. 254, 58-66 (2005).

V. Baby, C.-S. Brès, I. G. L. Xu, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Demonstration of differentiated service provisioning with 4-node 253 Gchip/s fast frequency-hopping time-spreading OCDMA,' Electron. Lett. 40, 755-756 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Baby, D. Rand, C.-S. Brès, L. Xu, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Incoherent optical CDMA systems,' in Optical Code Division Multiple Access: Fundamentals and Applications (Taylor and Francis, 2006).

Budin, J.

L. Tancevski, M. Tur, J. Budin, and I. Andonovic, 'Hybrid wavelength hopping/time spreading code division multiple access systems,' IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 143, 161-166 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L. R.

L. R. Chen and P. W. E. Smith, 'Demonstration of incoherent wavelength-encoding/time-spreading optical CDMA using chirped moire gratings,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1281-1283 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chujo, W.

D. D. Sampson, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, and W. Chujo, 'Demonstration of reconfigurable all-optical code conversion for photonic code-division multiplexing and networking,' Electron. Lett. 36, 445-447 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chung, F. R. K.

F. R. K. Chung, J. A. Salehi, and V. K. Wei, 'Optical orthogonal codes: design, analysis and applications,' IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 35, 595604 (1989).

Deng, K.-L.

K.-L. Deng, K. I. Kang, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'A 1024-channel fast tunable delay line for ultrafast all-optical TDM networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1496-1498 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Etemad, S.

Fan, T. R.

P. R. Prucnal, M. A. Santoro, and T. R. Fan, 'Spread spectrum fiber-optic local area network using optical processing,' Electron. Lett. 4, 547-554 (1986).

Galli, S.

Glesk, I.

C.-S. Brès, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Tunable optical CDMA transmitter for differentiated service provisioning,' Opt. Commun. 271, 2314-2316 (2007).

C.-S. Brès, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Incoherent OCDMA system using a super-continuum source and optical time gating,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2889-2891 (2006).

C.-S. Brès, Y.-K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, 'On the experimental characterization of beat noise in 2-D time-spreading wavelength-hopping OCDMA systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2314-2316 (2006).

I. Glesk, Y.-K. Yuang, C.-S. Brès, and P. R. Prucnal, 'OCDMA platform for avionics applications,' Electron. Lett. 42, 1115-1116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Brès, T. Banwell, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, and W. C. Kwong, 'Novel optical PPM processing: architecture and demonstration in an OCDMA system,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 915-926 (2006).

C.-S. Brès, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Demonstration of a transparent router for wavelength-hopping time-spreading optical CDMA,' Opt. Commun. 254, 58-66 (2005).

C.-S. Brès, R. J. Runser, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'All-optical OCDMA code drop unit for transparent ring networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1088-1090 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K.-L. Deng, K. I. Kang, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'A 1024-channel fast tunable delay line for ultrafast all-optical TDM networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1496-1498 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, 'A terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer (TOAD),' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787-790 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, I. Glesk, V. Baby, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Multiple access interference (MAI) noise reduction in a 2D optical CDMA system using ultrafast optical thresholding,' in The 17th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting (LEOS 2004) (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 2, pp. 591-592.

V. Baby, D. Rand, C.-S. Brès, L. Xu, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Incoherent optical CDMA systems,' in Optical Code Division Multiple Access: Fundamentals and Applications (Taylor and Francis, 2006).

Goldberg, S.

S. Goldberg, V. Baby, T. Wang, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Source matched spreading codes for optical CDMA,' IEEE Trans. Commun. (to be published).

Greiner, C. M.

Y.-K. Huang, V. Baby, P. R. Prucnal, C. M. Greiner, D. Iazikov, and T. W. Mossberg, 'Integrated holographic encoder for wavelength-hopping/time-spreading optical CDMA,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 825-827 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hamanaka, T.

Harle, D.

C.-S. Brès, Y.-K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, 'On the experimental characterization of beat noise in 2-D time-spreading wavelength-hopping OCDMA systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2314-2316 (2006).

Hassan, A. A.

A. A. Hassan, J. E. Hershey, and N. A. Riza, 'Spatial optical CDMA,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 13, 609-613 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hershey, J. E.

A. A. Hassan, J. E. Hershey, and N. A. Riza, 'Spatial optical CDMA,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 13, 609-613 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, C.-C.

C.-C. Hsu, G.-C. Yang, and W. C. Kwong, 'Performance analysis of 2-D optical codes with arbitrary cross-correlation values under the chip-asynchronous assumption,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 11, 170-172 (2007).

Huang, Y.-K.

C.-S. Brès, Y.-K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, 'On the experimental characterization of beat noise in 2-D time-spreading wavelength-hopping OCDMA systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2314-2316 (2006).

Y.-K. Huang, V. Baby, P. R. Prucnal, C. M. Greiner, D. Iazikov, and T. W. Mossberg, 'Integrated holographic encoder for wavelength-hopping/time-spreading optical CDMA,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 825-827 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Iazikov, D.

Y.-K. Huang, V. Baby, P. R. Prucnal, C. M. Greiner, D. Iazikov, and T. W. Mossberg, 'Integrated holographic encoder for wavelength-hopping/time-spreading optical CDMA,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 825-827 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jackel, J.

Kane, M.

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, 'A terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer (TOAD),' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787-790 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kang, K. I.

K.-L. Deng, K. I. Kang, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'A 1024-channel fast tunable delay line for ultrafast all-optical TDM networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1496-1498 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kavegard, M.

D. Zaccarin and M. Kavegard, 'An optical CDMA system based on spectral amplitude encoding of an LED,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 479-482 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kitayama, K.

Kostic, Z. I.

S. V. Maric, Z. I. Kostic, and E. L. Titlebaum, 'A new family of optical code sequences for use in spread-spectrum fiber-optic local area networks,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 14, 1217-1221 (1993).

Krol, M. F.

P. R. Prucnal, M. F. Krol, and J. L. Stacy, 'Demonstration of a rapidly tunable optical time-division multiple-access coder,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 170-172 (1991).

Kwong, W. C.

C.-C. Hsu, G.-C. Yang, and W. C. Kwong, 'Performance analysis of 2-D optical codes with arbitrary cross-correlation values under the chip-asynchronous assumption,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 11, 170-172 (2007).

C.-S. Brès, T. Banwell, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, and W. C. Kwong, 'Novel optical PPM processing: architecture and demonstration in an OCDMA system,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 915-926 (2006).

E. Narimanov, W. C. Kwong, G.-C. Yang, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Shifted carrier-hopping prime codes for multicode keying in wavelength-time O-CDMA,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 53, 2150-2156 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Kwong and G.-C. Yang, 'Multiple-length extended carrier-hopping prime codes for optical CDMA systems supporting multirate multimedia services,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3653-3662 (2005).

W. C. Kwong and G.-C. Yang, 'Extended carrier-hopping prime codes for wavelength-time optical code division multiple access,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 52, 1084-1098 (2004).

W. C. Kwong and G.-C. Yang, 'Image transmission in multicore-fiber code-division multiple access networks,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 2, 285-287 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G.-C. Yang and W. C. Kwong, 'Two-dimensional spatial signature patterns,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 44, 184-191 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Kwong and G.-C. Yang, Prime Codes With Applications to CDMA Optical and Wireless Networks (Artech House, 2002).

Lin, J.-Y.

J.-H. Wen, J.-Y. Lin, and C.-Y. Liu, 'Modified prime-hop codes for optical CDMA systems,' IEE Proc. Commun. 150, 404-408 (2003).

Liu, C.-Y.

J.-H. Wen, J.-Y. Lin, and C.-Y. Liu, 'Modified prime-hop codes for optical CDMA systems,' IEE Proc. Commun. 150, 404-408 (2003).

Maric, S. V.

S. V. Maric, Z. I. Kostic, and E. L. Titlebaum, 'A new family of optical code sequences for use in spread-spectrum fiber-optic local area networks,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 14, 1217-1221 (1993).

Menendez, R.

Michie, C.

C.-S. Brès, Y.-K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, 'On the experimental characterization of beat noise in 2-D time-spreading wavelength-hopping OCDMA systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2314-2316 (2006).

Mossberg, T. W.

Y.-K. Huang, V. Baby, P. R. Prucnal, C. M. Greiner, D. Iazikov, and T. W. Mossberg, 'Integrated holographic encoder for wavelength-hopping/time-spreading optical CDMA,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 825-827 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Narimanov, E.

E. Narimanov, W. C. Kwong, G.-C. Yang, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Shifted carrier-hopping prime codes for multicode keying in wavelength-time O-CDMA,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 53, 2150-2156 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, L.

L. Nguyen, B. Aazhang, and J. F. Young, 'All-optical CDMA with bipolar codes,' Electron. Lett. 31, 469-470 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Park, N.

K. Yu and N. Park, 'Design of new family of two-dimensional wavelength-time spreading codes for optical code division multiple access networks,' Electron. Lett. 35, 830-831 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Prucnal, P. R.

C.-S. Brès, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Tunable optical CDMA transmitter for differentiated service provisioning,' Opt. Commun. 271, 2314-2316 (2007).

C.-S. Brès, Y.-K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, 'On the experimental characterization of beat noise in 2-D time-spreading wavelength-hopping OCDMA systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2314-2316 (2006).

C.-S. Brès, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Incoherent OCDMA system using a super-continuum source and optical time gating,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2889-2891 (2006).

C.-S. Brès, T. Banwell, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, and W. C. Kwong, 'Novel optical PPM processing: architecture and demonstration in an OCDMA system,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 915-926 (2006).

I. Glesk, Y.-K. Yuang, C.-S. Brès, and P. R. Prucnal, 'OCDMA platform for avionics applications,' Electron. Lett. 42, 1115-1116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Narimanov, W. C. Kwong, G.-C. Yang, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Shifted carrier-hopping prime codes for multicode keying in wavelength-time O-CDMA,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 53, 2150-2156 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Brès, R. J. Runser, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'All-optical OCDMA code drop unit for transparent ring networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1088-1090 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Brès, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Demonstration of a transparent router for wavelength-hopping time-spreading optical CDMA,' Opt. Commun. 254, 58-66 (2005).

Y.-K. Huang, V. Baby, P. R. Prucnal, C. M. Greiner, D. Iazikov, and T. W. Mossberg, 'Integrated holographic encoder for wavelength-hopping/time-spreading optical CDMA,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 825-827 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Baby, C.-S. Brès, I. G. L. Xu, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Demonstration of differentiated service provisioning with 4-node 253 Gchip/s fast frequency-hopping time-spreading OCDMA,' Electron. Lett. 40, 755-756 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K.-L. Deng, K. I. Kang, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'A 1024-channel fast tunable delay line for ultrafast all-optical TDM networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1496-1498 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, 'A terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer (TOAD),' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787-790 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Prucnal, M. F. Krol, and J. L. Stacy, 'Demonstration of a rapidly tunable optical time-division multiple-access coder,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 170-172 (1991).

P. R. Prucnal, M. A. Santoro, and T. R. Fan, 'Spread spectrum fiber-optic local area network using optical processing,' Electron. Lett. 4, 547-554 (1986).

P. R. Prucnal, ed., Optical Code Division Multiple Access, Fundamentals and Applications (CRC, Taylor and Francis).

V. Baby, D. Rand, C.-S. Brès, L. Xu, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Incoherent optical CDMA systems,' in Optical Code Division Multiple Access: Fundamentals and Applications (Taylor and Francis, 2006).

S. Goldberg, V. Baby, T. Wang, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Source matched spreading codes for optical CDMA,' IEEE Trans. Commun. (to be published).

L. Xu, I. Glesk, V. Baby, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Multiple access interference (MAI) noise reduction in a 2D optical CDMA system using ultrafast optical thresholding,' in The 17th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting (LEOS 2004) (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 2, pp. 591-592.

Rand, D.

C.-S. Brès, Y.-K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, 'On the experimental characterization of beat noise in 2-D time-spreading wavelength-hopping OCDMA systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2314-2316 (2006).

V. Baby, D. Rand, C.-S. Brès, L. Xu, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Incoherent optical CDMA systems,' in Optical Code Division Multiple Access: Fundamentals and Applications (Taylor and Francis, 2006).

Riza, N. A.

A. A. Hassan, J. E. Hershey, and N. A. Riza, 'Spatial optical CDMA,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 13, 609-613 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Runser, R. J.

C.-S. Brès, R. J. Runser, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'All-optical OCDMA code drop unit for transparent ring networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1088-1090 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Salehi, J. A.

F. R. K. Chung, J. A. Salehi, and V. K. Wei, 'Optical orthogonal codes: design, analysis and applications,' IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 35, 595604 (1989).

Sampson, D. D.

D. D. Sampson, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, and W. Chujo, 'Demonstration of reconfigurable all-optical code conversion for photonic code-division multiplexing and networking,' Electron. Lett. 36, 445-447 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Santoro, M. A.

P. R. Prucnal, M. A. Santoro, and T. R. Fan, 'Spread spectrum fiber-optic local area network using optical processing,' Electron. Lett. 4, 547-554 (1986).

Sargent, E. H.

A. Stok and E. H. Sargent, 'Lighting the local area: optical code-division multiple access and quality of service provisioning,' IEEE Network 14, 42-46 (2000).

Smith, P. W. E.

L. R. Chen and P. W. E. Smith, 'Demonstration of incoherent wavelength-encoding/time-spreading optical CDMA using chirped moire gratings,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1281-1283 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sokoloff, J. P.

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, 'A terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer (TOAD),' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787-790 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sotobayashi, H.

Stacy, J. L.

P. R. Prucnal, M. F. Krol, and J. L. Stacy, 'Demonstration of a rapidly tunable optical time-division multiple-access coder,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 170-172 (1991).

Stok, A.

A. Stok and E. H. Sargent, 'Lighting the local area: optical code-division multiple access and quality of service provisioning,' IEEE Network 14, 42-46 (2000).

Tancevski, L.

L. Tancevski, M. Tur, J. Budin, and I. Andonovic, 'Hybrid wavelength hopping/time spreading code division multiple access systems,' IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 143, 161-166 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. Tancevski and I. Andonovic, 'Hybrid wavelength hopping/time spreading schemes for use in massive optical networks with increased security,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2636-2647 (1996).

L. Tancevski and I. Andonovic, 'Wavelength hopping/time spreading code division multiple access systems,' Electron. Lett. 30, 721-723 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Titlebaum, E. L.

S. V. Maric, Z. I. Kostic, and E. L. Titlebaum, 'A new family of optical code sequences for use in spread-spectrum fiber-optic local area networks,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 14, 1217-1221 (1993).

Toliver, P.

Tur, M.

L. Tancevski, M. Tur, J. Budin, and I. Andonovic, 'Hybrid wavelength hopping/time spreading code division multiple access systems,' IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 143, 161-166 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wada, N.

Wang, T.

S. Goldberg, V. Baby, T. Wang, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Source matched spreading codes for optical CDMA,' IEEE Trans. Commun. (to be published).

Wang, X.

Wei, V. K.

F. R. K. Chung, J. A. Salehi, and V. K. Wei, 'Optical orthogonal codes: design, analysis and applications,' IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 35, 595604 (1989).

Wen, J.-H.

J.-H. Wen, J.-Y. Lin, and C.-Y. Liu, 'Modified prime-hop codes for optical CDMA systems,' IEE Proc. Commun. 150, 404-408 (2003).

Xu, I. G. L.

V. Baby, C.-S. Brès, I. G. L. Xu, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Demonstration of differentiated service provisioning with 4-node 253 Gchip/s fast frequency-hopping time-spreading OCDMA,' Electron. Lett. 40, 755-756 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, L.

V. Baby, D. Rand, C.-S. Brès, L. Xu, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Incoherent optical CDMA systems,' in Optical Code Division Multiple Access: Fundamentals and Applications (Taylor and Francis, 2006).

L. Xu, I. Glesk, V. Baby, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Multiple access interference (MAI) noise reduction in a 2D optical CDMA system using ultrafast optical thresholding,' in The 17th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting (LEOS 2004) (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 2, pp. 591-592.

Yang, G.-C.

C.-C. Hsu, G.-C. Yang, and W. C. Kwong, 'Performance analysis of 2-D optical codes with arbitrary cross-correlation values under the chip-asynchronous assumption,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 11, 170-172 (2007).

W. C. Kwong and G.-C. Yang, 'Multiple-length extended carrier-hopping prime codes for optical CDMA systems supporting multirate multimedia services,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3653-3662 (2005).

E. Narimanov, W. C. Kwong, G.-C. Yang, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Shifted carrier-hopping prime codes for multicode keying in wavelength-time O-CDMA,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 53, 2150-2156 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Kwong and G.-C. Yang, 'Image transmission in multicore-fiber code-division multiple access networks,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 2, 285-287 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Kwong and G.-C. Yang, 'Extended carrier-hopping prime codes for wavelength-time optical code division multiple access,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 52, 1084-1098 (2004).

G.-C. Yang and W. C. Kwong, 'Two-dimensional spatial signature patterns,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 44, 184-191 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Kwong and G.-C. Yang, Prime Codes With Applications to CDMA Optical and Wireless Networks (Artech House, 2002).

Young, J.

Young, J. F.

L. Nguyen, B. Aazhang, and J. F. Young, 'All-optical CDMA with bipolar codes,' Electron. Lett. 31, 469-470 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yu, K.

K. Yu and N. Park, 'Design of new family of two-dimensional wavelength-time spreading codes for optical code division multiple access networks,' Electron. Lett. 35, 830-831 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yuang, Y.-K.

I. Glesk, Y.-K. Yuang, C.-S. Brès, and P. R. Prucnal, 'OCDMA platform for avionics applications,' Electron. Lett. 42, 1115-1116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zaccarin, D.

D. Zaccarin and M. Kavegard, 'An optical CDMA system based on spectral amplitude encoding of an LED,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 479-482 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (7)

V. Baby, C.-S. Brès, I. G. L. Xu, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Demonstration of differentiated service provisioning with 4-node 253 Gchip/s fast frequency-hopping time-spreading OCDMA,' Electron. Lett. 40, 755-756 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Prucnal, M. A. Santoro, and T. R. Fan, 'Spread spectrum fiber-optic local area network using optical processing,' Electron. Lett. 4, 547-554 (1986).

L. Tancevski and I. Andonovic, 'Wavelength hopping/time spreading code division multiple access systems,' Electron. Lett. 30, 721-723 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Yu and N. Park, 'Design of new family of two-dimensional wavelength-time spreading codes for optical code division multiple access networks,' Electron. Lett. 35, 830-831 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Nguyen, B. Aazhang, and J. F. Young, 'All-optical CDMA with bipolar codes,' Electron. Lett. 31, 469-470 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. Glesk, Y.-K. Yuang, C.-S. Brès, and P. R. Prucnal, 'OCDMA platform for avionics applications,' Electron. Lett. 42, 1115-1116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Sampson, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, and W. Chujo, 'Demonstration of reconfigurable all-optical code conversion for photonic code-division multiplexing and networking,' Electron. Lett. 36, 445-447 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEE Proc. Commun. (1)

J.-H. Wen, J.-Y. Lin, and C.-Y. Liu, 'Modified prime-hop codes for optical CDMA systems,' IEE Proc. Commun. 150, 404-408 (2003).

IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. (1)

L. Tancevski, M. Tur, J. Budin, and I. Andonovic, 'Hybrid wavelength hopping/time spreading code division multiple access systems,' IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 143, 161-166 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Lett. (2)

C.-C. Hsu, G.-C. Yang, and W. C. Kwong, 'Performance analysis of 2-D optical codes with arbitrary cross-correlation values under the chip-asynchronous assumption,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 11, 170-172 (2007).

W. C. Kwong and G.-C. Yang, 'Image transmission in multicore-fiber code-division multiple access networks,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 2, 285-287 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

A. A. Hassan, J. E. Hershey, and N. A. Riza, 'Spatial optical CDMA,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 13, 609-613 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Network (1)

A. Stok and E. H. Sargent, 'Lighting the local area: optical code-division multiple access and quality of service provisioning,' IEEE Network 14, 42-46 (2000).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (9)

D. Zaccarin and M. Kavegard, 'An optical CDMA system based on spectral amplitude encoding of an LED,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 479-482 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y.-K. Huang, V. Baby, P. R. Prucnal, C. M. Greiner, D. Iazikov, and T. W. Mossberg, 'Integrated holographic encoder for wavelength-hopping/time-spreading optical CDMA,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 825-827 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Chen and P. W. E. Smith, 'Demonstration of incoherent wavelength-encoding/time-spreading optical CDMA using chirped moire gratings,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1281-1283 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Prucnal, M. F. Krol, and J. L. Stacy, 'Demonstration of a rapidly tunable optical time-division multiple-access coder,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 170-172 (1991).

K.-L. Deng, K. I. Kang, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'A 1024-channel fast tunable delay line for ultrafast all-optical TDM networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1496-1498 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Brès, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Incoherent OCDMA system using a super-continuum source and optical time gating,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2889-2891 (2006).

C.-S. Brès, Y.-K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, 'On the experimental characterization of beat noise in 2-D time-spreading wavelength-hopping OCDMA systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2314-2316 (2006).

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, 'A terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer (TOAD),' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787-790 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Brès, R. J. Runser, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'All-optical OCDMA code drop unit for transparent ring networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1088-1090 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (4)

E. Narimanov, W. C. Kwong, G.-C. Yang, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Shifted carrier-hopping prime codes for multicode keying in wavelength-time O-CDMA,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 53, 2150-2156 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Kwong and G.-C. Yang, 'Extended carrier-hopping prime codes for wavelength-time optical code division multiple access,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 52, 1084-1098 (2004).

S. V. Maric, Z. I. Kostic, and E. L. Titlebaum, 'A new family of optical code sequences for use in spread-spectrum fiber-optic local area networks,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 14, 1217-1221 (1993).

G.-C. Yang and W. C. Kwong, 'Two-dimensional spatial signature patterns,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 44, 184-191 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory (1)

F. R. K. Chung, J. A. Salehi, and V. K. Wei, 'Optical orthogonal codes: design, analysis and applications,' IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 35, 595604 (1989).

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Opt. Commun. (2)

C.-S. Brès, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Tunable optical CDMA transmitter for differentiated service provisioning,' Opt. Commun. 271, 2314-2316 (2007).

C.-S. Brès, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Demonstration of a transparent router for wavelength-hopping time-spreading optical CDMA,' Opt. Commun. 254, 58-66 (2005).

Opt. Express (1)

Other (6)

L. Xu, I. Glesk, V. Baby, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Multiple access interference (MAI) noise reduction in a 2D optical CDMA system using ultrafast optical thresholding,' in The 17th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting (LEOS 2004) (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 2, pp. 591-592.

S. Goldberg, V. Baby, T. Wang, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Source matched spreading codes for optical CDMA,' IEEE Trans. Commun. (to be published).

'Economics of very large scale integration photonics,' white paper (Little Optics Inc., 2003).

V. Baby, D. Rand, C.-S. Brès, L. Xu, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Incoherent optical CDMA systems,' in Optical Code Division Multiple Access: Fundamentals and Applications (Taylor and Francis, 2006).

W. C. Kwong and G.-C. Yang, Prime Codes With Applications to CDMA Optical and Wireless Networks (Artech House, 2002).

P. R. Prucnal, ed., Optical Code Division Multiple Access, Fundamentals and Applications (CRC, Taylor and Francis).

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