Abstract

Feature Issue on Photonics in Switching

A type of optical cross connect that is new to the best of our knowledge is introduced, which employs tunable dispersion compensating devices as switching elements. Such an architecture is used to impose the optimum balance between chromatic dispersion and nonlinearity in a core optical network, wherein each link carries signals coming from several different paths, with dissimilar transmission characteristics. Two scenarios are shown: one with 80km spans followed by dispersion compensating fiber (DCF) and one with 40km spans without any DCF. The overall process not only facilitates wavelength switching but also considerably improves the physical performance.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Stavdas, H. Avramopoulos, E. N. Protonotarios, and J. E. Midwinter, 'An OXC architecture suitable for high density WDM wavelength route networks,' Photonic Network Commun. 1, 77-88 (1999).
  2. D. T. Neilson, R. Ryf, F. Pardo, V. A. Aksyuk, M.-E. Simon, D. O. Lopez, D. M. Marom, and S. Chandrasekhar, 'MEMS-based channelized dispersion compensator with flat passbands,' J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 101-105 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. B. J. Eggleton, A. Ahuja, P. S. Westbrook, J. A. Rogers, P. Kuo, T. N. Nielsen, and B. Mikkelsen, 'Integrated tunable fiber gratings for dispersion management in high-bit rate systems,' J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1418-1432 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. A. Rogers, B. J. Eggleton, R. J. Jackman, G. R. Kowach, and T. A. Strasser, 'Dual on-fiber thin-film heaters for fiber gratings with independently adjustable chirp and wavelength,' Opt. Lett. 24, 1328-1330 (1999).
  5. Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. Motaghian Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, J. E. Rothenberg, J. Popelek, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, 'Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband nonchannelized third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings,' J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 2259-2266 (2002).
  6. C. (T.) Politi, D. Alexandropoulos, D. Klonidis, M. O'Mahony, and A. Stavdas, 'Concatenation performance of optical packet switches that incorporate wavelength converters based on FWM in SOAs,' IET Optoelectron. (to be published).
  7. P. Ohlen, 'Noise and crosstalk limitations in optical cross-connects with reshaping wavelength converters,' J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1294-1301 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. V. T. Cartaxo, 'Cross-phase modulation in intensity modulation-direct detection WDM systems with multiple optical amplifiers and dispersion compensators,' J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 178-190 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W. Zeiler, F. Di Pasquale, P. Bayvel, and J. E. Midwinter, 'Modeling of four-wave mixing and gain peaking in amplified WDM optical communication systems and networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1933-1942 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Stavdas, S. Sygletos, M. O'Mahoney, H. L. Lee, C. Matrakidis, and A. Dupas, 'IST-DAVID: concept presentation and physical layer modeling of the metropolitan area network,' J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 372-383 (2003).
  11. G. P. Agrawal, Fibre Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 1997).
  12. H. Takanishi, K. Oda, and H. Toda, 'Impact of crosstalk in an arrayed-waveguide multiplexer on N×N optical interconnection,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1097-1105 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

1999 (4)

1996 (2)

W. Zeiler, F. Di Pasquale, P. Bayvel, and J. E. Midwinter, 'Modeling of four-wave mixing and gain peaking in amplified WDM optical communication systems and networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1933-1942 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. Takanishi, K. Oda, and H. Toda, 'Impact of crosstalk in an arrayed-waveguide multiplexer on N×N optical interconnection,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1097-1105 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Fibre Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 1997).

Ahuja, A.

Aksyuk, V. A.

Alexandropoulos, D.

C. (T.) Politi, D. Alexandropoulos, D. Klonidis, M. O'Mahony, and A. Stavdas, 'Concatenation performance of optical packet switches that incorporate wavelength converters based on FWM in SOAs,' IET Optoelectron. (to be published).

Avramopoulos, H.

A. Stavdas, H. Avramopoulos, E. N. Protonotarios, and J. E. Midwinter, 'An OXC architecture suitable for high density WDM wavelength route networks,' Photonic Network Commun. 1, 77-88 (1999).

Bayvel, P.

W. Zeiler, F. Di Pasquale, P. Bayvel, and J. E. Midwinter, 'Modeling of four-wave mixing and gain peaking in amplified WDM optical communication systems and networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1933-1942 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Caldwell, R.

Cartaxo, A. V. T.

Chandrasekhar, S.

Di Pasquale, F.

W. Zeiler, F. Di Pasquale, P. Bayvel, and J. E. Midwinter, 'Modeling of four-wave mixing and gain peaking in amplified WDM optical communication systems and networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1933-1942 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dupas, A.

Eggleton, B. J.

Grubsky, V.

Jackman, R. J.

Klonidis, D.

C. (T.) Politi, D. Alexandropoulos, D. Klonidis, M. O'Mahony, and A. Stavdas, 'Concatenation performance of optical packet switches that incorporate wavelength converters based on FWM in SOAs,' IET Optoelectron. (to be published).

Kowach, G. R.

Kuo, P.

Lee, H. L.

Li, H.

Li, Y.

Lopez, D. O.

Marom, D. M.

Matrakidis, C.

Midwinter, J. E.

A. Stavdas, H. Avramopoulos, E. N. Protonotarios, and J. E. Midwinter, 'An OXC architecture suitable for high density WDM wavelength route networks,' Photonic Network Commun. 1, 77-88 (1999).

W. Zeiler, F. Di Pasquale, P. Bayvel, and J. E. Midwinter, 'Modeling of four-wave mixing and gain peaking in amplified WDM optical communication systems and networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1933-1942 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mikkelsen, B.

Motaghian Nezam, S. M. R.

Neilson, D. T.

Nielsen, T. N.

Oda, K.

H. Takanishi, K. Oda, and H. Toda, 'Impact of crosstalk in an arrayed-waveguide multiplexer on N×N optical interconnection,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1097-1105 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ohlen, P.

O'Mahoney, M.

O'Mahony, M.

C. (T.) Politi, D. Alexandropoulos, D. Klonidis, M. O'Mahony, and A. Stavdas, 'Concatenation performance of optical packet switches that incorporate wavelength converters based on FWM in SOAs,' IET Optoelectron. (to be published).

Pan, Z.

Pardo, F.

Politi, C. (T.)

C. (T.) Politi, D. Alexandropoulos, D. Klonidis, M. O'Mahony, and A. Stavdas, 'Concatenation performance of optical packet switches that incorporate wavelength converters based on FWM in SOAs,' IET Optoelectron. (to be published).

Popelek, J.

Protonotarios, E. N.

A. Stavdas, H. Avramopoulos, E. N. Protonotarios, and J. E. Midwinter, 'An OXC architecture suitable for high density WDM wavelength route networks,' Photonic Network Commun. 1, 77-88 (1999).

Rogers, J. A.

Rothenberg, J. E.

Ryf, R.

Simon, M.-E.

Song, Y. W.

Starodubov, D.

Stavdas, A.

A. Stavdas, S. Sygletos, M. O'Mahoney, H. L. Lee, C. Matrakidis, and A. Dupas, 'IST-DAVID: concept presentation and physical layer modeling of the metropolitan area network,' J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 372-383 (2003).

A. Stavdas, H. Avramopoulos, E. N. Protonotarios, and J. E. Midwinter, 'An OXC architecture suitable for high density WDM wavelength route networks,' Photonic Network Commun. 1, 77-88 (1999).

C. (T.) Politi, D. Alexandropoulos, D. Klonidis, M. O'Mahony, and A. Stavdas, 'Concatenation performance of optical packet switches that incorporate wavelength converters based on FWM in SOAs,' IET Optoelectron. (to be published).

Strasser, T. A.

Sygletos, S.

Takanishi, H.

H. Takanishi, K. Oda, and H. Toda, 'Impact of crosstalk in an arrayed-waveguide multiplexer on N×N optical interconnection,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1097-1105 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Toda, H.

H. Takanishi, K. Oda, and H. Toda, 'Impact of crosstalk in an arrayed-waveguide multiplexer on N×N optical interconnection,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1097-1105 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Westbrook, P. S.

Wilcox, R.

Willner, A. E.

Yu, C.

Zeiler, W.

W. Zeiler, F. Di Pasquale, P. Bayvel, and J. E. Midwinter, 'Modeling of four-wave mixing and gain peaking in amplified WDM optical communication systems and networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1933-1942 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (8)

W. Zeiler, F. Di Pasquale, P. Bayvel, and J. E. Midwinter, 'Modeling of four-wave mixing and gain peaking in amplified WDM optical communication systems and networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1933-1942 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, A. Ahuja, P. S. Westbrook, J. A. Rogers, P. Kuo, T. N. Nielsen, and B. Mikkelsen, 'Integrated tunable fiber gratings for dispersion management in high-bit rate systems,' J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1418-1432 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. V. T. Cartaxo, 'Cross-phase modulation in intensity modulation-direct detection WDM systems with multiple optical amplifiers and dispersion compensators,' J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 178-190 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Ohlen, 'Noise and crosstalk limitations in optical cross-connects with reshaping wavelength converters,' J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1294-1301 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, S. M. R. Motaghian Nezam, C. Yu, Y. Wang, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, J. E. Rothenberg, J. Popelek, H. Li, Y. Li, R. Caldwell, R. Wilcox, and A. E. Willner, 'Tunable dispersion slope compensation for 40-Gb/s WDM systems using broadband nonchannelized third-order chirped fiber Bragg gratings,' J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 2259-2266 (2002).

A. Stavdas, S. Sygletos, M. O'Mahoney, H. L. Lee, C. Matrakidis, and A. Dupas, 'IST-DAVID: concept presentation and physical layer modeling of the metropolitan area network,' J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 372-383 (2003).

D. T. Neilson, R. Ryf, F. Pardo, V. A. Aksyuk, M.-E. Simon, D. O. Lopez, D. M. Marom, and S. Chandrasekhar, 'MEMS-based channelized dispersion compensator with flat passbands,' J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 101-105 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Takanishi, K. Oda, and H. Toda, 'Impact of crosstalk in an arrayed-waveguide multiplexer on N×N optical interconnection,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1097-1105 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Photonic Network Commun. (1)

A. Stavdas, H. Avramopoulos, E. N. Protonotarios, and J. E. Midwinter, 'An OXC architecture suitable for high density WDM wavelength route networks,' Photonic Network Commun. 1, 77-88 (1999).

Other (2)

C. (T.) Politi, D. Alexandropoulos, D. Klonidis, M. O'Mahony, and A. Stavdas, 'Concatenation performance of optical packet switches that incorporate wavelength converters based on FWM in SOAs,' IET Optoelectron. (to be published).

G. P. Agrawal, Fibre Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 1997).

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