Abstract

Feature Issue on Passive Optical Network Architectures and Technologies

A resilience strategy is introduced for networks implementing dual homing (dual parenting) of customers, specifically those employing long-reach PONs (LR-PONs). Assuming that some mechanism exists to detect network element failures, the discussion concentrates on protocols that propagate information about customer reachability and how this information reroutes traffic in the event of a fault. Each router holds a database indicating which other routers, and which LR-PONs, are available within the network, and these are synchronized between routers using IP. This information is used to reroute traffic in the event of failure. Simulation and analysis show that signaling time lies well within 50ms, leaving sufficient time for redirection of user traffic.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, 'The future of fibre access systems?,' British Telecom Technology Journal 20, pp. 104-114 (2002).
  2. R. P. Davey, P. Healey, I. Hope, P. Watkinson, D. B. Payne, O. Marmur, J. Ruhmann, and Y. Zuiderveld, 'DWDM reach extension of a GPON to 135 km,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Technical Digest (IEEE, 2005), paper PDP35.
  3. D. Nesset, D. B. Payne, R. P. Davey, and T. Gilfedder, 'Demonstration of enhanced reach and split of a GPON system using semiconductor optical amplifiers,' Presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 Sept. 2006, paper Mo4.5.1.
  4. ITU-T Study Group 15, 'Optical and other transport network infrastructures,' Question 2/15, Optical systems for fibre access networks (ITU, 2003).
  5. Gigabit-capable passive optical networks (GPON): general characteristics, ITU-T Recommendation G.984.1 (ITU-2003).
  6. Gigabit-capable passive optical networks (GPON): physical media dependent (PMD) layer specification, ITU-T Recommendation G.984.2 (ITU, 2003).
  7. Gigabit-capable passive optical networks (GPON): transmission convergence layer specification, ITU-T Recommendation G.984.3 (ITU, 2004).
  8. Gigabit-capable passive optical networks (GPON): ONT management and control interface specification amendment 3, ITU-T Recommendation G.984.4 (ITU, 2006).
  9. C. Huitema, Routing on the Internet (Prentice Hall, 2000).
  10. R. Aggarwal, 'OAM mechanisms in MPLS layer 2 transport networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(10), 124-130 (2004).
  11. R. Droms, 'Automated configuration of TCP/IP with DHCP,' IEEE Internet Computing 3, 42-44 (1999).
  12. C. Perkins, 'IP Encapsulation within IP,' RFC 2003 (Internet Engineering Task Force, 1996).
  13. G. Suwala and G. Swallow, 'SONET/SDH-like resilience for IP networks: a survey of traffic protection mechanisms,' IEEE Network 18, 20-25 (2004).
  14. D. Allan, N. Bragg, A. McGuire, and A. Reid, 'Ethernet as carrier transport infrastructure,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(2), 95-101 (2006).
  15. OPNET network modeling software, www.opnet.com.
  16. N. Hastings, B. Peacock, and M. Evans, Statistical Distributions (Wiley, 2000).

2006

D. Allan, N. Bragg, A. McGuire, and A. Reid, 'Ethernet as carrier transport infrastructure,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(2), 95-101 (2006).

2004

R. Aggarwal, 'OAM mechanisms in MPLS layer 2 transport networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(10), 124-130 (2004).

G. Suwala and G. Swallow, 'SONET/SDH-like resilience for IP networks: a survey of traffic protection mechanisms,' IEEE Network 18, 20-25 (2004).

2002

D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, 'The future of fibre access systems?,' British Telecom Technology Journal 20, pp. 104-114 (2002).

1999

R. Droms, 'Automated configuration of TCP/IP with DHCP,' IEEE Internet Computing 3, 42-44 (1999).

Aggarwal, R.

R. Aggarwal, 'OAM mechanisms in MPLS layer 2 transport networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(10), 124-130 (2004).

Allan, D.

D. Allan, N. Bragg, A. McGuire, and A. Reid, 'Ethernet as carrier transport infrastructure,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(2), 95-101 (2006).

Bragg, N.

D. Allan, N. Bragg, A. McGuire, and A. Reid, 'Ethernet as carrier transport infrastructure,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(2), 95-101 (2006).

Davey, R. P.

D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, 'The future of fibre access systems?,' British Telecom Technology Journal 20, pp. 104-114 (2002).

R. P. Davey, P. Healey, I. Hope, P. Watkinson, D. B. Payne, O. Marmur, J. Ruhmann, and Y. Zuiderveld, 'DWDM reach extension of a GPON to 135 km,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Technical Digest (IEEE, 2005), paper PDP35.

D. Nesset, D. B. Payne, R. P. Davey, and T. Gilfedder, 'Demonstration of enhanced reach and split of a GPON system using semiconductor optical amplifiers,' Presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 Sept. 2006, paper Mo4.5.1.

Droms, R.

R. Droms, 'Automated configuration of TCP/IP with DHCP,' IEEE Internet Computing 3, 42-44 (1999).

Evans, M.

N. Hastings, B. Peacock, and M. Evans, Statistical Distributions (Wiley, 2000).

Gilfedder, T.

D. Nesset, D. B. Payne, R. P. Davey, and T. Gilfedder, 'Demonstration of enhanced reach and split of a GPON system using semiconductor optical amplifiers,' Presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 Sept. 2006, paper Mo4.5.1.

Hastings, N.

N. Hastings, B. Peacock, and M. Evans, Statistical Distributions (Wiley, 2000).

Healey, P.

R. P. Davey, P. Healey, I. Hope, P. Watkinson, D. B. Payne, O. Marmur, J. Ruhmann, and Y. Zuiderveld, 'DWDM reach extension of a GPON to 135 km,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Technical Digest (IEEE, 2005), paper PDP35.

Hope, I.

R. P. Davey, P. Healey, I. Hope, P. Watkinson, D. B. Payne, O. Marmur, J. Ruhmann, and Y. Zuiderveld, 'DWDM reach extension of a GPON to 135 km,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Technical Digest (IEEE, 2005), paper PDP35.

Huitema, C.

C. Huitema, Routing on the Internet (Prentice Hall, 2000).

Marmur, O.

R. P. Davey, P. Healey, I. Hope, P. Watkinson, D. B. Payne, O. Marmur, J. Ruhmann, and Y. Zuiderveld, 'DWDM reach extension of a GPON to 135 km,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Technical Digest (IEEE, 2005), paper PDP35.

McGuire, A.

D. Allan, N. Bragg, A. McGuire, and A. Reid, 'Ethernet as carrier transport infrastructure,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(2), 95-101 (2006).

Nesset, D.

D. Nesset, D. B. Payne, R. P. Davey, and T. Gilfedder, 'Demonstration of enhanced reach and split of a GPON system using semiconductor optical amplifiers,' Presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 Sept. 2006, paper Mo4.5.1.

Payne, D. B.

D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, 'The future of fibre access systems?,' British Telecom Technology Journal 20, pp. 104-114 (2002).

R. P. Davey, P. Healey, I. Hope, P. Watkinson, D. B. Payne, O. Marmur, J. Ruhmann, and Y. Zuiderveld, 'DWDM reach extension of a GPON to 135 km,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Technical Digest (IEEE, 2005), paper PDP35.

D. Nesset, D. B. Payne, R. P. Davey, and T. Gilfedder, 'Demonstration of enhanced reach and split of a GPON system using semiconductor optical amplifiers,' Presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 Sept. 2006, paper Mo4.5.1.

Peacock, B.

N. Hastings, B. Peacock, and M. Evans, Statistical Distributions (Wiley, 2000).

Perkins, C.

C. Perkins, 'IP Encapsulation within IP,' RFC 2003 (Internet Engineering Task Force, 1996).

Reid, A.

D. Allan, N. Bragg, A. McGuire, and A. Reid, 'Ethernet as carrier transport infrastructure,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(2), 95-101 (2006).

Ruhmann, J.

R. P. Davey, P. Healey, I. Hope, P. Watkinson, D. B. Payne, O. Marmur, J. Ruhmann, and Y. Zuiderveld, 'DWDM reach extension of a GPON to 135 km,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Technical Digest (IEEE, 2005), paper PDP35.

Suwala, G.

G. Suwala and G. Swallow, 'SONET/SDH-like resilience for IP networks: a survey of traffic protection mechanisms,' IEEE Network 18, 20-25 (2004).

Swallow, G.

G. Suwala and G. Swallow, 'SONET/SDH-like resilience for IP networks: a survey of traffic protection mechanisms,' IEEE Network 18, 20-25 (2004).

Watkinson, P.

R. P. Davey, P. Healey, I. Hope, P. Watkinson, D. B. Payne, O. Marmur, J. Ruhmann, and Y. Zuiderveld, 'DWDM reach extension of a GPON to 135 km,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Technical Digest (IEEE, 2005), paper PDP35.

Zuiderveld, Y.

R. P. Davey, P. Healey, I. Hope, P. Watkinson, D. B. Payne, O. Marmur, J. Ruhmann, and Y. Zuiderveld, 'DWDM reach extension of a GPON to 135 km,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Technical Digest (IEEE, 2005), paper PDP35.

British Telecom Technology Journal

D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, 'The future of fibre access systems?,' British Telecom Technology Journal 20, pp. 104-114 (2002).

IEEE Commun. Mag.

R. Aggarwal, 'OAM mechanisms in MPLS layer 2 transport networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(10), 124-130 (2004).

D. Allan, N. Bragg, A. McGuire, and A. Reid, 'Ethernet as carrier transport infrastructure,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(2), 95-101 (2006).

IEEE Internet Computing

R. Droms, 'Automated configuration of TCP/IP with DHCP,' IEEE Internet Computing 3, 42-44 (1999).

IEEE Network

G. Suwala and G. Swallow, 'SONET/SDH-like resilience for IP networks: a survey of traffic protection mechanisms,' IEEE Network 18, 20-25 (2004).

Other

C. Perkins, 'IP Encapsulation within IP,' RFC 2003 (Internet Engineering Task Force, 1996).

OPNET network modeling software, www.opnet.com.

N. Hastings, B. Peacock, and M. Evans, Statistical Distributions (Wiley, 2000).

R. P. Davey, P. Healey, I. Hope, P. Watkinson, D. B. Payne, O. Marmur, J. Ruhmann, and Y. Zuiderveld, 'DWDM reach extension of a GPON to 135 km,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Technical Digest (IEEE, 2005), paper PDP35.

D. Nesset, D. B. Payne, R. P. Davey, and T. Gilfedder, 'Demonstration of enhanced reach and split of a GPON system using semiconductor optical amplifiers,' Presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 Sept. 2006, paper Mo4.5.1.

ITU-T Study Group 15, 'Optical and other transport network infrastructures,' Question 2/15, Optical systems for fibre access networks (ITU, 2003).

Gigabit-capable passive optical networks (GPON): general characteristics, ITU-T Recommendation G.984.1 (ITU-2003).

Gigabit-capable passive optical networks (GPON): physical media dependent (PMD) layer specification, ITU-T Recommendation G.984.2 (ITU, 2003).

Gigabit-capable passive optical networks (GPON): transmission convergence layer specification, ITU-T Recommendation G.984.3 (ITU, 2004).

Gigabit-capable passive optical networks (GPON): ONT management and control interface specification amendment 3, ITU-T Recommendation G.984.4 (ITU, 2006).

C. Huitema, Routing on the Internet (Prentice Hall, 2000).

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