Abstract

With increasing demand for high-speed and quality voice, data, and video traffic, a high-performance and robust physical medium is needed to connect end users with optical access networks, which simultaneously allows easy and low-cost installation at customer premises. A new generation of multimode fiber (MMF) has been designed to address these requirements. By restricting the number of modes at both fiber input and output using off-the-shelf single-mode transceivers, single-wavelength 40 Gbits/s data transmission over a 3.4 km broad wavelength window multimode fiber has been demonstrated. A bandwidth distance product of 136 Gbits/skm is achieved. Receiver sensitivity can be readily improved (by 5 dB) by optical pre-emphasis of transmitted pulses. Along with coarse wavelength division multiplexing, we demonstrate that the proposed broad wavelength window MMF is a viable candidate as the physical medium of choice toward 100 Gbits/s Ethernet infrastructure.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. G. Kazovsky, S. Genedetto, and A. Willner, Optical Fiber Communication Systems (Artech House, 1996).
  2. G. Y. Zhou, Y. Zhang, and W. Liu, 'Optical fiber interconnection for the scalable parallel computing system,' Proc. IEEE 88, 856-863 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Jeunhomme and J. P. Pocholle, 'Selective mode excitation of graded index optical fibers,' Appl. Opt. 17, 463-468 (1978).
  4. Z. Haas and M. A. Santoro, 'A mode-filtering scheme for improvement of the bandwidth-distance product in multimode fiber system,' J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1125-1131 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunningham, and M. C. Nowell, 'An experimental and theoretical study of the offset launch technique of enhancement of the bandwidth of multimode fiber links,' J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 324-331 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. J. Sargent, M. Webster, I. H. White, P. J. Heard, R. V. Penty, M. R. Tan, and D. G. Cunningham, 'Simple technique for bandwidth enhancement of multimode fiber links using controlled spatial emission from vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,' Electron. Lett. 34, 2038-2040 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. X. Zhao and F. S. Choa, 'Demonstration of 10-Gb/s transmissions over 1.5-km-long multimode fiber using equalization techniques,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1187-1189 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. S.-H. Yam and F. Achten, 'High speed data transmission over 1 km broad wavelength window multimode fiber,' Opt. Lett. 31, 1954-1956 (2006).
  9. E. Rochat, S. D. Walker, M. Parker, and D. Parker, 'Polarisation and wavelength division multiplexing at 1.55 μm for bandwidth enhancement of multimode fibre based access networks,' Opt. Express 12, 2280-2292 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. J. Achten, M. Jetten, G.-J. Krabshuis, G. Kuyt, P. Matthijsse, and M. van Stralen, 'New generation of broad wavelength window GI-MMF fibres,' presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications Conference (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, 5-9 Sept. 2004, Vol. 4, pp. 904-905, paper Th 3.3.3.
  11. T. Itoh, H. Fukuyama, S. Tsunashima, E. Yoshida, Y. Yamabayashi, M. Muraguchi, H. Toba, and H. Sugahara, '1-km transmission of 10 Gbit/s optical signal over legacy MMF using mode limiting transmission and incoherent light source,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2005), Anaheim, Calif., 6-11 March 2005.
  12. X. Shen, J. M. Kahn, and M. A. Horowitz, 'Compensation for multimode fiber dispersion by adaptive optics,' Opt. Lett. 30, 2985-2987 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. M. Patel, A. Polley, K. Balemarthy, and S. E. Ralph, 'Spatially resolved detection and equalization of modal dispersion limited multimode fiber links,' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2629-2636 (2006).
  14. S. S.-H. Yam and F. Achten, 'Single wavelength 40 Gb/s transmission over 3.4 km broad wavelength window multimode fiber,' Electron. Lett. 42, 592-594 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. Matthijsse, D. Molin, F. Gooijer, and G. Kuyt, 'On the design of wide bandwidth window multimode fibers,' in Proceedings of the 54th International Wire and Cable Symposium (WCS, 2005).
  16. P. Matthijsse, M. P. M. Jetten, G.-J. Krabshuis, F. J. Achten, and G. Kuyt, 'Wide-window graded-index multimode fiber for Ftt-LAN local loop networks,' in Proceedings of the International Wire and Cable Symposium (WCS, 2004), pp. 501-506.
  17. See the IEEE 10 GbE link model, http://www.ieee802.org.
  18. TIA-455-220A, FOTP-220, differential mode delay measurement of multimode fiber in the time domain.
  19. F. J. Achten, M. Bingle, B. P. de Hon, and M. J. N. van Stralen, 'DMD measurement and simulation on shortlength, 850nm laser optimized 50 m core diameter, GIMM optical fibres' in Proceedings of the Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements, NIST Special Publication 998 (NIST, 2002), pp. 101-104.
  20. C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, F. M. Huijskens, and A. M. Koonen, 'Mode group diversity multiplexing transceiver design for graded-index multimode fibres,' in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 Sept. 2005.
  21. R. E. Epworth, 'The phenomenon of modal noise in analogue and digital optical fibre systems,' in Proceedings of the 4th European Conference on Optical Communications (1978), pp. 178-179.
  22. J. McNicol, M. O'Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, and L. Strawczynski, 'Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2005), Anaheim, Calif., 6-11 March, 2005, paper OThJ3.

2006

2005

2004

2002

X. Zhao and F. S. Choa, 'Demonstration of 10-Gb/s transmissions over 1.5-km-long multimode fiber using equalization techniques,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1187-1189 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

G. Y. Zhou, Y. Zhang, and W. Liu, 'Optical fiber interconnection for the scalable parallel computing system,' Proc. IEEE 88, 856-863 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

L. J. Sargent, M. Webster, I. H. White, P. J. Heard, R. V. Penty, M. R. Tan, and D. G. Cunningham, 'Simple technique for bandwidth enhancement of multimode fiber links using controlled spatial emission from vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,' Electron. Lett. 34, 2038-2040 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunningham, and M. C. Nowell, 'An experimental and theoretical study of the offset launch technique of enhancement of the bandwidth of multimode fiber links,' J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 324-331 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1993

Z. Haas and M. A. Santoro, 'A mode-filtering scheme for improvement of the bandwidth-distance product in multimode fiber system,' J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1125-1131 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1978

Achten, F.

S. S.-H. Yam and F. Achten, 'Single wavelength 40 Gb/s transmission over 3.4 km broad wavelength window multimode fiber,' Electron. Lett. 42, 592-594 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. S.-H. Yam and F. Achten, 'High speed data transmission over 1 km broad wavelength window multimode fiber,' Opt. Lett. 31, 1954-1956 (2006).

Achten, F. J.

P. Matthijsse, M. P. M. Jetten, G.-J. Krabshuis, F. J. Achten, and G. Kuyt, 'Wide-window graded-index multimode fiber for Ftt-LAN local loop networks,' in Proceedings of the International Wire and Cable Symposium (WCS, 2004), pp. 501-506.

F. J. Achten, M. Jetten, G.-J. Krabshuis, G. Kuyt, P. Matthijsse, and M. van Stralen, 'New generation of broad wavelength window GI-MMF fibres,' presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications Conference (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, 5-9 Sept. 2004, Vol. 4, pp. 904-905, paper Th 3.3.3.

F. J. Achten, M. Bingle, B. P. de Hon, and M. J. N. van Stralen, 'DMD measurement and simulation on shortlength, 850nm laser optimized 50 m core diameter, GIMM optical fibres' in Proceedings of the Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements, NIST Special Publication 998 (NIST, 2002), pp. 101-104.

Balemarthy, K.

Bingle, M.

F. J. Achten, M. Bingle, B. P. de Hon, and M. J. N. van Stralen, 'DMD measurement and simulation on shortlength, 850nm laser optimized 50 m core diameter, GIMM optical fibres' in Proceedings of the Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements, NIST Special Publication 998 (NIST, 2002), pp. 101-104.

Choa, F. S.

X. Zhao and F. S. Choa, 'Demonstration of 10-Gb/s transmissions over 1.5-km-long multimode fiber using equalization techniques,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1187-1189 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Comeau, A.

J. McNicol, M. O'Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, and L. Strawczynski, 'Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2005), Anaheim, Calif., 6-11 March, 2005, paper OThJ3.

Cunningham, D. G.

L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunningham, and M. C. Nowell, 'An experimental and theoretical study of the offset launch technique of enhancement of the bandwidth of multimode fiber links,' J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 324-331 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Sargent, M. Webster, I. H. White, P. J. Heard, R. V. Penty, M. R. Tan, and D. G. Cunningham, 'Simple technique for bandwidth enhancement of multimode fiber links using controlled spatial emission from vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,' Electron. Lett. 34, 2038-2040 (1998).
[CrossRef]

de Hon, B. P.

F. J. Achten, M. Bingle, B. P. de Hon, and M. J. N. van Stralen, 'DMD measurement and simulation on shortlength, 850nm laser optimized 50 m core diameter, GIMM optical fibres' in Proceedings of the Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements, NIST Special Publication 998 (NIST, 2002), pp. 101-104.

Epworth, R. E.

R. E. Epworth, 'The phenomenon of modal noise in analogue and digital optical fibre systems,' in Proceedings of the 4th European Conference on Optical Communications (1978), pp. 178-179.

Fukuyama, H.

T. Itoh, H. Fukuyama, S. Tsunashima, E. Yoshida, Y. Yamabayashi, M. Muraguchi, H. Toba, and H. Sugahara, '1-km transmission of 10 Gbit/s optical signal over legacy MMF using mode limiting transmission and incoherent light source,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2005), Anaheim, Calif., 6-11 March 2005.

Genedetto, S.

L. G. Kazovsky, S. Genedetto, and A. Willner, Optical Fiber Communication Systems (Artech House, 1996).

Gooijer, F.

P. Matthijsse, D. Molin, F. Gooijer, and G. Kuyt, 'On the design of wide bandwidth window multimode fibers,' in Proceedings of the 54th International Wire and Cable Symposium (WCS, 2005).

Haas, Z.

Z. Haas and M. A. Santoro, 'A mode-filtering scheme for improvement of the bandwidth-distance product in multimode fiber system,' J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1125-1131 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Heard, P. J.

L. J. Sargent, M. Webster, I. H. White, P. J. Heard, R. V. Penty, M. R. Tan, and D. G. Cunningham, 'Simple technique for bandwidth enhancement of multimode fiber links using controlled spatial emission from vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,' Electron. Lett. 34, 2038-2040 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Horowitz, M. A.

Huijskens, F. M.

C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, F. M. Huijskens, and A. M. Koonen, 'Mode group diversity multiplexing transceiver design for graded-index multimode fibres,' in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 Sept. 2005.

Itoh, T.

T. Itoh, H. Fukuyama, S. Tsunashima, E. Yoshida, Y. Yamabayashi, M. Muraguchi, H. Toba, and H. Sugahara, '1-km transmission of 10 Gbit/s optical signal over legacy MMF using mode limiting transmission and incoherent light source,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2005), Anaheim, Calif., 6-11 March 2005.

Jetten, M.

F. J. Achten, M. Jetten, G.-J. Krabshuis, G. Kuyt, P. Matthijsse, and M. van Stralen, 'New generation of broad wavelength window GI-MMF fibres,' presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications Conference (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, 5-9 Sept. 2004, Vol. 4, pp. 904-905, paper Th 3.3.3.

Jetten, M. P. M.

P. Matthijsse, M. P. M. Jetten, G.-J. Krabshuis, F. J. Achten, and G. Kuyt, 'Wide-window graded-index multimode fiber for Ftt-LAN local loop networks,' in Proceedings of the International Wire and Cable Symposium (WCS, 2004), pp. 501-506.

Jeunhomme, L.

Kahn, J. M.

Kazovsky, L. G.

L. G. Kazovsky, S. Genedetto, and A. Willner, Optical Fiber Communication Systems (Artech House, 1996).

Koonen, A. M.

C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, F. M. Huijskens, and A. M. Koonen, 'Mode group diversity multiplexing transceiver design for graded-index multimode fibres,' in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 Sept. 2005.

Krabshuis, G.-J.

P. Matthijsse, M. P. M. Jetten, G.-J. Krabshuis, F. J. Achten, and G. Kuyt, 'Wide-window graded-index multimode fiber for Ftt-LAN local loop networks,' in Proceedings of the International Wire and Cable Symposium (WCS, 2004), pp. 501-506.

F. J. Achten, M. Jetten, G.-J. Krabshuis, G. Kuyt, P. Matthijsse, and M. van Stralen, 'New generation of broad wavelength window GI-MMF fibres,' presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications Conference (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, 5-9 Sept. 2004, Vol. 4, pp. 904-905, paper Th 3.3.3.

Kuyt, G.

F. J. Achten, M. Jetten, G.-J. Krabshuis, G. Kuyt, P. Matthijsse, and M. van Stralen, 'New generation of broad wavelength window GI-MMF fibres,' presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications Conference (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, 5-9 Sept. 2004, Vol. 4, pp. 904-905, paper Th 3.3.3.

P. Matthijsse, M. P. M. Jetten, G.-J. Krabshuis, F. J. Achten, and G. Kuyt, 'Wide-window graded-index multimode fiber for Ftt-LAN local loop networks,' in Proceedings of the International Wire and Cable Symposium (WCS, 2004), pp. 501-506.

P. Matthijsse, D. Molin, F. Gooijer, and G. Kuyt, 'On the design of wide bandwidth window multimode fibers,' in Proceedings of the 54th International Wire and Cable Symposium (WCS, 2005).

Liu, W.

G. Y. Zhou, Y. Zhang, and W. Liu, 'Optical fiber interconnection for the scalable parallel computing system,' Proc. IEEE 88, 856-863 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, A.

C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, F. M. Huijskens, and A. M. Koonen, 'Mode group diversity multiplexing transceiver design for graded-index multimode fibres,' in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 Sept. 2005.

Matthijsse, P.

P. Matthijsse, M. P. M. Jetten, G.-J. Krabshuis, F. J. Achten, and G. Kuyt, 'Wide-window graded-index multimode fiber for Ftt-LAN local loop networks,' in Proceedings of the International Wire and Cable Symposium (WCS, 2004), pp. 501-506.

P. Matthijsse, D. Molin, F. Gooijer, and G. Kuyt, 'On the design of wide bandwidth window multimode fibers,' in Proceedings of the 54th International Wire and Cable Symposium (WCS, 2005).

F. J. Achten, M. Jetten, G.-J. Krabshuis, G. Kuyt, P. Matthijsse, and M. van Stralen, 'New generation of broad wavelength window GI-MMF fibres,' presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications Conference (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, 5-9 Sept. 2004, Vol. 4, pp. 904-905, paper Th 3.3.3.

McGhan, D.

J. McNicol, M. O'Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, and L. Strawczynski, 'Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2005), Anaheim, Calif., 6-11 March, 2005, paper OThJ3.

McNicol, J.

J. McNicol, M. O'Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, and L. Strawczynski, 'Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2005), Anaheim, Calif., 6-11 March, 2005, paper OThJ3.

Molin, D.

P. Matthijsse, D. Molin, F. Gooijer, and G. Kuyt, 'On the design of wide bandwidth window multimode fibers,' in Proceedings of the 54th International Wire and Cable Symposium (WCS, 2005).

Muraguchi, M.

T. Itoh, H. Fukuyama, S. Tsunashima, E. Yoshida, Y. Yamabayashi, M. Muraguchi, H. Toba, and H. Sugahara, '1-km transmission of 10 Gbit/s optical signal over legacy MMF using mode limiting transmission and incoherent light source,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2005), Anaheim, Calif., 6-11 March 2005.

Nowell, M. C.

O'Sullivan, M.

J. McNicol, M. O'Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, and L. Strawczynski, 'Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2005), Anaheim, Calif., 6-11 March, 2005, paper OThJ3.

Parker, D.

Parker, M.

Patel, K. M.

Penty, R. V.

L. J. Sargent, M. Webster, I. H. White, P. J. Heard, R. V. Penty, M. R. Tan, and D. G. Cunningham, 'Simple technique for bandwidth enhancement of multimode fiber links using controlled spatial emission from vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,' Electron. Lett. 34, 2038-2040 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pocholle, J. P.

Polley, A.

Raddatz, L.

Ralph, S. E.

Roberts, K.

J. McNicol, M. O'Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, and L. Strawczynski, 'Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2005), Anaheim, Calif., 6-11 March, 2005, paper OThJ3.

Rochat, E.

Santoro, M. A.

Z. Haas and M. A. Santoro, 'A mode-filtering scheme for improvement of the bandwidth-distance product in multimode fiber system,' J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1125-1131 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sargent, L. J.

L. J. Sargent, M. Webster, I. H. White, P. J. Heard, R. V. Penty, M. R. Tan, and D. G. Cunningham, 'Simple technique for bandwidth enhancement of multimode fiber links using controlled spatial emission from vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,' Electron. Lett. 34, 2038-2040 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shen, X.

Strawczynski, L.

J. McNicol, M. O'Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, and L. Strawczynski, 'Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2005), Anaheim, Calif., 6-11 March, 2005, paper OThJ3.

Sugahara, H.

T. Itoh, H. Fukuyama, S. Tsunashima, E. Yoshida, Y. Yamabayashi, M. Muraguchi, H. Toba, and H. Sugahara, '1-km transmission of 10 Gbit/s optical signal over legacy MMF using mode limiting transmission and incoherent light source,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2005), Anaheim, Calif., 6-11 March 2005.

Tan, M. R.

L. J. Sargent, M. Webster, I. H. White, P. J. Heard, R. V. Penty, M. R. Tan, and D. G. Cunningham, 'Simple technique for bandwidth enhancement of multimode fiber links using controlled spatial emission from vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,' Electron. Lett. 34, 2038-2040 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Toba, H.

T. Itoh, H. Fukuyama, S. Tsunashima, E. Yoshida, Y. Yamabayashi, M. Muraguchi, H. Toba, and H. Sugahara, '1-km transmission of 10 Gbit/s optical signal over legacy MMF using mode limiting transmission and incoherent light source,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2005), Anaheim, Calif., 6-11 March 2005.

Tsekrekos, C. P.

C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, F. M. Huijskens, and A. M. Koonen, 'Mode group diversity multiplexing transceiver design for graded-index multimode fibres,' in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 Sept. 2005.

Tsunashima, S.

T. Itoh, H. Fukuyama, S. Tsunashima, E. Yoshida, Y. Yamabayashi, M. Muraguchi, H. Toba, and H. Sugahara, '1-km transmission of 10 Gbit/s optical signal over legacy MMF using mode limiting transmission and incoherent light source,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2005), Anaheim, Calif., 6-11 March 2005.

van Stralen, M.

F. J. Achten, M. Jetten, G.-J. Krabshuis, G. Kuyt, P. Matthijsse, and M. van Stralen, 'New generation of broad wavelength window GI-MMF fibres,' presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications Conference (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, 5-9 Sept. 2004, Vol. 4, pp. 904-905, paper Th 3.3.3.

van Stralen, M. J. N.

F. J. Achten, M. Bingle, B. P. de Hon, and M. J. N. van Stralen, 'DMD measurement and simulation on shortlength, 850nm laser optimized 50 m core diameter, GIMM optical fibres' in Proceedings of the Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements, NIST Special Publication 998 (NIST, 2002), pp. 101-104.

Walker, S. D.

Webster, M.

L. J. Sargent, M. Webster, I. H. White, P. J. Heard, R. V. Penty, M. R. Tan, and D. G. Cunningham, 'Simple technique for bandwidth enhancement of multimode fiber links using controlled spatial emission from vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,' Electron. Lett. 34, 2038-2040 (1998).
[CrossRef]

White, I. H.

L. J. Sargent, M. Webster, I. H. White, P. J. Heard, R. V. Penty, M. R. Tan, and D. G. Cunningham, 'Simple technique for bandwidth enhancement of multimode fiber links using controlled spatial emission from vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,' Electron. Lett. 34, 2038-2040 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunningham, and M. C. Nowell, 'An experimental and theoretical study of the offset launch technique of enhancement of the bandwidth of multimode fiber links,' J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 324-331 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A.

L. G. Kazovsky, S. Genedetto, and A. Willner, Optical Fiber Communication Systems (Artech House, 1996).

Yam, S. S.-H.

S. S.-H. Yam and F. Achten, 'High speed data transmission over 1 km broad wavelength window multimode fiber,' Opt. Lett. 31, 1954-1956 (2006).

S. S.-H. Yam and F. Achten, 'Single wavelength 40 Gb/s transmission over 3.4 km broad wavelength window multimode fiber,' Electron. Lett. 42, 592-594 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yamabayashi, Y.

T. Itoh, H. Fukuyama, S. Tsunashima, E. Yoshida, Y. Yamabayashi, M. Muraguchi, H. Toba, and H. Sugahara, '1-km transmission of 10 Gbit/s optical signal over legacy MMF using mode limiting transmission and incoherent light source,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2005), Anaheim, Calif., 6-11 March 2005.

Yoshida, E.

T. Itoh, H. Fukuyama, S. Tsunashima, E. Yoshida, Y. Yamabayashi, M. Muraguchi, H. Toba, and H. Sugahara, '1-km transmission of 10 Gbit/s optical signal over legacy MMF using mode limiting transmission and incoherent light source,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2005), Anaheim, Calif., 6-11 March 2005.

Zhang, Y.

G. Y. Zhou, Y. Zhang, and W. Liu, 'Optical fiber interconnection for the scalable parallel computing system,' Proc. IEEE 88, 856-863 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X.

X. Zhao and F. S. Choa, 'Demonstration of 10-Gb/s transmissions over 1.5-km-long multimode fiber using equalization techniques,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1187-1189 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, G. Y.

G. Y. Zhou, Y. Zhang, and W. Liu, 'Optical fiber interconnection for the scalable parallel computing system,' Proc. IEEE 88, 856-863 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Electron. Lett.

S. S.-H. Yam and F. Achten, 'Single wavelength 40 Gb/s transmission over 3.4 km broad wavelength window multimode fiber,' Electron. Lett. 42, 592-594 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Sargent, M. Webster, I. H. White, P. J. Heard, R. V. Penty, M. R. Tan, and D. G. Cunningham, 'Simple technique for bandwidth enhancement of multimode fiber links using controlled spatial emission from vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,' Electron. Lett. 34, 2038-2040 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

X. Zhao and F. S. Choa, 'Demonstration of 10-Gb/s transmissions over 1.5-km-long multimode fiber using equalization techniques,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1187-1189 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. IEEE

G. Y. Zhou, Y. Zhang, and W. Liu, 'Optical fiber interconnection for the scalable parallel computing system,' Proc. IEEE 88, 856-863 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other

L. G. Kazovsky, S. Genedetto, and A. Willner, Optical Fiber Communication Systems (Artech House, 1996).

F. J. Achten, M. Jetten, G.-J. Krabshuis, G. Kuyt, P. Matthijsse, and M. van Stralen, 'New generation of broad wavelength window GI-MMF fibres,' presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications Conference (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, 5-9 Sept. 2004, Vol. 4, pp. 904-905, paper Th 3.3.3.

T. Itoh, H. Fukuyama, S. Tsunashima, E. Yoshida, Y. Yamabayashi, M. Muraguchi, H. Toba, and H. Sugahara, '1-km transmission of 10 Gbit/s optical signal over legacy MMF using mode limiting transmission and incoherent light source,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2005), Anaheim, Calif., 6-11 March 2005.

P. Matthijsse, D. Molin, F. Gooijer, and G. Kuyt, 'On the design of wide bandwidth window multimode fibers,' in Proceedings of the 54th International Wire and Cable Symposium (WCS, 2005).

P. Matthijsse, M. P. M. Jetten, G.-J. Krabshuis, F. J. Achten, and G. Kuyt, 'Wide-window graded-index multimode fiber for Ftt-LAN local loop networks,' in Proceedings of the International Wire and Cable Symposium (WCS, 2004), pp. 501-506.

See the IEEE 10 GbE link model, http://www.ieee802.org.

TIA-455-220A, FOTP-220, differential mode delay measurement of multimode fiber in the time domain.

F. J. Achten, M. Bingle, B. P. de Hon, and M. J. N. van Stralen, 'DMD measurement and simulation on shortlength, 850nm laser optimized 50 m core diameter, GIMM optical fibres' in Proceedings of the Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements, NIST Special Publication 998 (NIST, 2002), pp. 101-104.

C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, F. M. Huijskens, and A. M. Koonen, 'Mode group diversity multiplexing transceiver design for graded-index multimode fibres,' in Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 Sept. 2005.

R. E. Epworth, 'The phenomenon of modal noise in analogue and digital optical fibre systems,' in Proceedings of the 4th European Conference on Optical Communications (1978), pp. 178-179.

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