Abstract

Feature Issue on Passive Optical Network Architectures and Technologies

We propose what we believe to be a novel protection scheme compatible with smooth migration from a time-division multiplexing (TDM) passive optical network (PON) to a WDM/TDM-PON. We show that our scheme is very cost effective while keeping connection availability, recovery time, and power budget at an acceptable level. We focus on the protection schemes, overview the existing methods, and introduce a link protection scheme compatible with smooth migration from TDM-PON to hybrid WDM/TDM-PON. Furthermore, we analyze the cost, connection availability, recovery time, and optical link budget for different protection schemes in order to find the cost-effective solution both for the TDM-PON and hybrid WDM/TDM-PON.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. IEEE 802.3ah Ethernet Task Force in the First Mile http://www.ieee802.org/3/cfm.
  2. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, 'IPACT: a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, 'Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality of service over Ethernet PON,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Shin, D. Jung, H. Shin, J. Kwon, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, 'Hybrid WDM/TDM-PON with wavelength-selection-free transmitters,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 187-195 (2005).
  5. Y. Hsueh, W. Shaw, G. Kazovsky, A. Agata, and S. Yamamoto, 'SUCCESS PON demonstrator: experimental exploration of next-generation optical access network,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, s26-s33 (2005).
  6. A. Dhaini, C. Assi, and A. Shami, 'Dynamic bandwidth allocation schemes in hybrid TDM/WDM-PON passive optical networks,' in 2006 3rd IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference (CNNC 2006) (IEEE, 2006), Vol. 1, pp. 30-34.
  7. Y. Kim, J. Choi, J. Ryou, H. Baek, O. Lee, H. Park, M. Kang, G. Kim, and J. Yoo, 'Cost effective protection architecture to provide diverse protection demands in Ethernet passive optical network,' in International Conference on Communication Technology Proceedings (ICCT 2003) (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 721-724.
  8. N. Nadarajah, A. Nirmalathas, and E. Wong, 'Self-protected Ethernet passive optical networks using coarse wavelength division multiplexed transmission,' Electron. Lett. 41, 866-867 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A Broadband Optical Access System with Enhanced Survivability, ITU-T Recommendation G.983.51 (International Telecommunication Union, 2002).
  10. T. Chan, C. Chan, L. Chen, and F. Tong, 'A self-protected architecture for wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1660-1662 (2003).
  11. J. Chen, B. Chen, and S. He, 'Self-protection scheme against failures of distributed fiber links in an Ethernet passive optical network,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 662-666 (2006).
  12. N. Nadarajah, E. Wong, M. Attygalle, and A. Nirmalathas, 'Protection switching and local area network emulation in passive optical network,' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1955-1967 (2006).
  13. Y. Leung, 'Lightpath concentrators for all-optical networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3259-3267 (2006).
  14. Australian Fiber works, http://www.afwtechnology.com.au/wdm/filterlowbarwavelengthlowbardivisionlowbarmulti.htm.
  15. L. Wosinska, L. Thylen, L. Holmstrom, and R. Holmstrom, 'Large-capacity strictly nonblocking optical cross-connects based on microelectrootomechanical systems (MEOMS) switch matrices: reliability performance analysis,' J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1065-1075 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  16. L. Wosinska and T. Svensson, 'Analysis of connection availability in all-optical networks,' Proceedings of the 16th National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC 2000), Denver, Colo., 22-30 August 2000.
  17. L. Wosinska, 'A study of the reliability of optical switching nodes for high capacity telecommunications networks,' Ph.D. dissertation (Royal Institute of Technology, 1999).
  18. COST270 reliability database.
  19. 'Generic reliability assurance requirements for fiber optics transport system,' Bellcore, GR-418-CORE, Issue 1, Dec. 1997.
  20. J. Chen, B. Chen, and S. He, 'A novel algorithm for intra-ONU bandwidth allocation in Ethernet passive optical networks,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 850-852 (2005).

2006

2005

D. Shin, D. Jung, H. Shin, J. Kwon, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, 'Hybrid WDM/TDM-PON with wavelength-selection-free transmitters,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 187-195 (2005).

Y. Hsueh, W. Shaw, G. Kazovsky, A. Agata, and S. Yamamoto, 'SUCCESS PON demonstrator: experimental exploration of next-generation optical access network,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, s26-s33 (2005).

N. Nadarajah, A. Nirmalathas, and E. Wong, 'Self-protected Ethernet passive optical networks using coarse wavelength division multiplexed transmission,' Electron. Lett. 41, 866-867 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Chen, B. Chen, and S. He, 'A novel algorithm for intra-ONU bandwidth allocation in Ethernet passive optical networks,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 850-852 (2005).

2003

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, 'Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality of service over Ethernet PON,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Chan, C. Chan, L. Chen, and F. Tong, 'A self-protected architecture for wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1660-1662 (2003).

2002

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, 'IPACT: a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

Agata, A.

Y. Hsueh, W. Shaw, G. Kazovsky, A. Agata, and S. Yamamoto, 'SUCCESS PON demonstrator: experimental exploration of next-generation optical access network,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, s26-s33 (2005).

Ali, M.

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, 'Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality of service over Ethernet PON,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Assi, C.

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, 'Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality of service over Ethernet PON,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Dhaini, C. Assi, and A. Shami, 'Dynamic bandwidth allocation schemes in hybrid TDM/WDM-PON passive optical networks,' in 2006 3rd IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference (CNNC 2006) (IEEE, 2006), Vol. 1, pp. 30-34.

Attygalle, M.

Baek, H.

Y. Kim, J. Choi, J. Ryou, H. Baek, O. Lee, H. Park, M. Kang, G. Kim, and J. Yoo, 'Cost effective protection architecture to provide diverse protection demands in Ethernet passive optical network,' in International Conference on Communication Technology Proceedings (ICCT 2003) (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 721-724.

Chan, C.

T. Chan, C. Chan, L. Chen, and F. Tong, 'A self-protected architecture for wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1660-1662 (2003).

Chan, T.

T. Chan, C. Chan, L. Chen, and F. Tong, 'A self-protected architecture for wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1660-1662 (2003).

Chen, B.

J. Chen, B. Chen, and S. He, 'Self-protection scheme against failures of distributed fiber links in an Ethernet passive optical network,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 662-666 (2006).

J. Chen, B. Chen, and S. He, 'A novel algorithm for intra-ONU bandwidth allocation in Ethernet passive optical networks,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 850-852 (2005).

Chen, J.

J. Chen, B. Chen, and S. He, 'Self-protection scheme against failures of distributed fiber links in an Ethernet passive optical network,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 662-666 (2006).

J. Chen, B. Chen, and S. He, 'A novel algorithm for intra-ONU bandwidth allocation in Ethernet passive optical networks,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 850-852 (2005).

Chen, L.

T. Chan, C. Chan, L. Chen, and F. Tong, 'A self-protected architecture for wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1660-1662 (2003).

Choi, J.

Y. Kim, J. Choi, J. Ryou, H. Baek, O. Lee, H. Park, M. Kang, G. Kim, and J. Yoo, 'Cost effective protection architecture to provide diverse protection demands in Ethernet passive optical network,' in International Conference on Communication Technology Proceedings (ICCT 2003) (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 721-724.

Dhaini, A.

A. Dhaini, C. Assi, and A. Shami, 'Dynamic bandwidth allocation schemes in hybrid TDM/WDM-PON passive optical networks,' in 2006 3rd IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference (CNNC 2006) (IEEE, 2006), Vol. 1, pp. 30-34.

Dixit, S.

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, 'Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality of service over Ethernet PON,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

He, S.

J. Chen, B. Chen, and S. He, 'Self-protection scheme against failures of distributed fiber links in an Ethernet passive optical network,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 662-666 (2006).

J. Chen, B. Chen, and S. He, 'A novel algorithm for intra-ONU bandwidth allocation in Ethernet passive optical networks,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 850-852 (2005).

Holmstrom, L.

Holmstrom, R.

Hsueh, Y.

Y. Hsueh, W. Shaw, G. Kazovsky, A. Agata, and S. Yamamoto, 'SUCCESS PON demonstrator: experimental exploration of next-generation optical access network,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, s26-s33 (2005).

Hwang, S.

Jung, D.

Kang, M.

Y. Kim, J. Choi, J. Ryou, H. Baek, O. Lee, H. Park, M. Kang, G. Kim, and J. Yoo, 'Cost effective protection architecture to provide diverse protection demands in Ethernet passive optical network,' in International Conference on Communication Technology Proceedings (ICCT 2003) (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 721-724.

Kazovsky, G.

Y. Hsueh, W. Shaw, G. Kazovsky, A. Agata, and S. Yamamoto, 'SUCCESS PON demonstrator: experimental exploration of next-generation optical access network,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, s26-s33 (2005).

Kim, G.

Y. Kim, J. Choi, J. Ryou, H. Baek, O. Lee, H. Park, M. Kang, G. Kim, and J. Yoo, 'Cost effective protection architecture to provide diverse protection demands in Ethernet passive optical network,' in International Conference on Communication Technology Proceedings (ICCT 2003) (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 721-724.

Kim, Y.

Y. Kim, J. Choi, J. Ryou, H. Baek, O. Lee, H. Park, M. Kang, G. Kim, and J. Yoo, 'Cost effective protection architecture to provide diverse protection demands in Ethernet passive optical network,' in International Conference on Communication Technology Proceedings (ICCT 2003) (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 721-724.

Kramer, G.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, 'IPACT: a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, J.

Lee, O.

Y. Kim, J. Choi, J. Ryou, H. Baek, O. Lee, H. Park, M. Kang, G. Kim, and J. Yoo, 'Cost effective protection architecture to provide diverse protection demands in Ethernet passive optical network,' in International Conference on Communication Technology Proceedings (ICCT 2003) (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 721-724.

Leung, Y.

Mukherjee, B.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, 'IPACT: a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nadarajah, N.

N. Nadarajah, E. Wong, M. Attygalle, and A. Nirmalathas, 'Protection switching and local area network emulation in passive optical network,' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1955-1967 (2006).

N. Nadarajah, A. Nirmalathas, and E. Wong, 'Self-protected Ethernet passive optical networks using coarse wavelength division multiplexed transmission,' Electron. Lett. 41, 866-867 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nirmalathas, A.

N. Nadarajah, E. Wong, M. Attygalle, and A. Nirmalathas, 'Protection switching and local area network emulation in passive optical network,' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1955-1967 (2006).

N. Nadarajah, A. Nirmalathas, and E. Wong, 'Self-protected Ethernet passive optical networks using coarse wavelength division multiplexed transmission,' Electron. Lett. 41, 866-867 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Oh, Y.

Park, H.

Y. Kim, J. Choi, J. Ryou, H. Baek, O. Lee, H. Park, M. Kang, G. Kim, and J. Yoo, 'Cost effective protection architecture to provide diverse protection demands in Ethernet passive optical network,' in International Conference on Communication Technology Proceedings (ICCT 2003) (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 721-724.

Pesavento, G.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, 'IPACT: a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ryou, J.

Y. Kim, J. Choi, J. Ryou, H. Baek, O. Lee, H. Park, M. Kang, G. Kim, and J. Yoo, 'Cost effective protection architecture to provide diverse protection demands in Ethernet passive optical network,' in International Conference on Communication Technology Proceedings (ICCT 2003) (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 721-724.

Shami, A.

A. Dhaini, C. Assi, and A. Shami, 'Dynamic bandwidth allocation schemes in hybrid TDM/WDM-PON passive optical networks,' in 2006 3rd IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference (CNNC 2006) (IEEE, 2006), Vol. 1, pp. 30-34.

Shaw, W.

Y. Hsueh, W. Shaw, G. Kazovsky, A. Agata, and S. Yamamoto, 'SUCCESS PON demonstrator: experimental exploration of next-generation optical access network,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, s26-s33 (2005).

Shim, C.

Shin, D.

Shin, H.

Svensson, T.

L. Wosinska and T. Svensson, 'Analysis of connection availability in all-optical networks,' Proceedings of the 16th National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC 2000), Denver, Colo., 22-30 August 2000.

Thylen, L.

Tong, F.

T. Chan, C. Chan, L. Chen, and F. Tong, 'A self-protected architecture for wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1660-1662 (2003).

Wong, E.

N. Nadarajah, E. Wong, M. Attygalle, and A. Nirmalathas, 'Protection switching and local area network emulation in passive optical network,' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1955-1967 (2006).

N. Nadarajah, A. Nirmalathas, and E. Wong, 'Self-protected Ethernet passive optical networks using coarse wavelength division multiplexed transmission,' Electron. Lett. 41, 866-867 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wosinska, L.

L. Wosinska, L. Thylen, L. Holmstrom, and R. Holmstrom, 'Large-capacity strictly nonblocking optical cross-connects based on microelectrootomechanical systems (MEOMS) switch matrices: reliability performance analysis,' J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1065-1075 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Wosinska and T. Svensson, 'Analysis of connection availability in all-optical networks,' Proceedings of the 16th National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC 2000), Denver, Colo., 22-30 August 2000.

L. Wosinska, 'A study of the reliability of optical switching nodes for high capacity telecommunications networks,' Ph.D. dissertation (Royal Institute of Technology, 1999).

Yamamoto, S.

Y. Hsueh, W. Shaw, G. Kazovsky, A. Agata, and S. Yamamoto, 'SUCCESS PON demonstrator: experimental exploration of next-generation optical access network,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, s26-s33 (2005).

Ye, Y.

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, 'Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality of service over Ethernet PON,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, J.

Y. Kim, J. Choi, J. Ryou, H. Baek, O. Lee, H. Park, M. Kang, G. Kim, and J. Yoo, 'Cost effective protection architecture to provide diverse protection demands in Ethernet passive optical network,' in International Conference on Communication Technology Proceedings (ICCT 2003) (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 721-724.

Electron. Lett.

N. Nadarajah, A. Nirmalathas, and E. Wong, 'Self-protected Ethernet passive optical networks using coarse wavelength division multiplexed transmission,' Electron. Lett. 41, 866-867 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Lett.

J. Chen, B. Chen, and S. He, 'A novel algorithm for intra-ONU bandwidth allocation in Ethernet passive optical networks,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 850-852 (2005).

IEEE Commun. Mag.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, 'IPACT: a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hsueh, W. Shaw, G. Kazovsky, A. Agata, and S. Yamamoto, 'SUCCESS PON demonstrator: experimental exploration of next-generation optical access network,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, s26-s33 (2005).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, 'Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality of service over Ethernet PON,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

T. Chan, C. Chan, L. Chen, and F. Tong, 'A self-protected architecture for wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1660-1662 (2003).

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Netw.

Other

A Broadband Optical Access System with Enhanced Survivability, ITU-T Recommendation G.983.51 (International Telecommunication Union, 2002).

A. Dhaini, C. Assi, and A. Shami, 'Dynamic bandwidth allocation schemes in hybrid TDM/WDM-PON passive optical networks,' in 2006 3rd IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference (CNNC 2006) (IEEE, 2006), Vol. 1, pp. 30-34.

Y. Kim, J. Choi, J. Ryou, H. Baek, O. Lee, H. Park, M. Kang, G. Kim, and J. Yoo, 'Cost effective protection architecture to provide diverse protection demands in Ethernet passive optical network,' in International Conference on Communication Technology Proceedings (ICCT 2003) (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 721-724.

L. Wosinska and T. Svensson, 'Analysis of connection availability in all-optical networks,' Proceedings of the 16th National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC 2000), Denver, Colo., 22-30 August 2000.

L. Wosinska, 'A study of the reliability of optical switching nodes for high capacity telecommunications networks,' Ph.D. dissertation (Royal Institute of Technology, 1999).

COST270 reliability database.

'Generic reliability assurance requirements for fiber optics transport system,' Bellcore, GR-418-CORE, Issue 1, Dec. 1997.

Australian Fiber works, http://www.afwtechnology.com.au/wdm/filterlowbarwavelengthlowbardivisionlowbarmulti.htm.

IEEE 802.3ah Ethernet Task Force in the First Mile http://www.ieee802.org/3/cfm.

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