Abstract

Feature Issue on Passive Optical Network Architectures and Technologies

The nonfragmentable nature of Ethernet data frames, as well as operation of the priority oriented packet schedulers in the optical network units, in conjunction with heavy network load conditions and the lack of detailed knowledge about the queue's composition at the optical line terminal (OLT) level, result in the creation of upstream channel slot remainders. The existing methods, in the form of nonpreemptive packet schedulers and multithreshold reporting process defined vaguely by the IEEE 802.3-2005 standard, result in either increased packet delay or Ethernet passive optical network (EPON) system incompatibility, respectively, since threshold processing was never officially defined in the scope of the respective EPON standard. We propose an alternative approach, based on basic modifications of the standard and extended GATE multipoint control protocol data unit format and meaning, allowing for the OLT packet scheduling agent to grant always exactly the requested slot size, thus preventing creation of any upstream channel slot remainders. It is estimated that, on average, ∼3% of upstream channel bandwidth can be salvaged when slot remainders are absent in the upstream channel transmission.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, 'Ethernet PON (ePON): design and analysis of an optical access network,' Photonic Network Commun. 3, 307-319 (2001).
  2. C. Chang-Joon, E. Wong, and R. S. Tucher, 'Optical CSMA/CD media access scheme for Ethernet over passive optical network,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 711-713 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, 'IPACT: a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, 'lnterleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): a dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,' Photonic Network Commun. 4, 89-107 (2002).
  5. G. Kramer, A. Banerjee, N. K. Singhal, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, and Y. Ye, 'Fair queueing with service envelopes (FQSE): a cousin-fair hierarchical scheduler for subscriber access networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1497-1513 (2004).
  6. M. Ma, Y. Zhu, and T. H. Cheng, 'A bandwidth guaranteed polling MAC protocol for Ethernet passive optical networks,' presented at The 22nd Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE Infocom 2003) (IEEE, 2003).
  7. M. Hajduczenia, H. J. A. d. Silva, and P. P. Monteiro, 'EPON versus APON and GPON: a detailed performance comparison,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 298-319 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, and R. Hirt, 'Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,' J. Opt. Netw. 1, 280-298 (2002).
  9. G. Kramer, On Configuring Logical Links in EPON (Teknovus, Inc., 2001).
  10. G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, 'Enabling next generation Ethernet access with Ethernet passive optical networks,' presented at The 19th National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference NFOEC, Orlando, Florida, 8-10 September 2003.
  11. G. Kramer and G Pesavento, 'EPON: challenges in building a next generation access network,' presented at The 1st International Workshop on Community Networks and FTTH/P/x, Dallas, Texas, 16 October 2003.
  12. G. Kramer, How Efficient is EPON? (Teknovus, Inc., 2002).
  13. M. Hajduczenia, H. J. A. d. Silva, and P. P. Monteiro, 'Extended GATE/REPORT MPCP DUs for Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),' presented at The 11th IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications, Pula-Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy, 26-29, June, 2006.
  14. M. Hajduczenia, H. J. A. d. Silva, and P. P. Monteiro, 'EPON system efficiency evaluation with extended GATE/REPORT MPCPDUs,' presented at The 11th IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications, Pula-Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy, 26-29 June 2006.
  15. M. Hajduczenia, H. J. A. d. Silva, and P. P. Monteiro, 'Flexible logical-link-identifier (LLID) assignment policy for Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs) based on extended multipoint-control-protocol (MPCP) DU flow control,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 681-698 (2006).

2006

2004

G. Kramer, A. Banerjee, N. K. Singhal, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, and Y. Ye, 'Fair queueing with service envelopes (FQSE): a cousin-fair hierarchical scheduler for subscriber access networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1497-1513 (2004).

2002

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, and R. Hirt, 'Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,' J. Opt. Netw. 1, 280-298 (2002).

C. Chang-Joon, E. Wong, and R. S. Tucher, 'Optical CSMA/CD media access scheme for Ethernet over passive optical network,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 711-713 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, 'IPACT: a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, 'lnterleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): a dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,' Photonic Network Commun. 4, 89-107 (2002).

2001

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, 'Ethernet PON (ePON): design and analysis of an optical access network,' Photonic Network Commun. 3, 307-319 (2001).

Banerjee, A.

G. Kramer, A. Banerjee, N. K. Singhal, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, and Y. Ye, 'Fair queueing with service envelopes (FQSE): a cousin-fair hierarchical scheduler for subscriber access networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1497-1513 (2004).

Chang-Joon, C.

C. Chang-Joon, E. Wong, and R. S. Tucher, 'Optical CSMA/CD media access scheme for Ethernet over passive optical network,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 711-713 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, T. H.

M. Ma, Y. Zhu, and T. H. Cheng, 'A bandwidth guaranteed polling MAC protocol for Ethernet passive optical networks,' presented at The 22nd Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE Infocom 2003) (IEEE, 2003).

Dixit, S.

G. Kramer, A. Banerjee, N. K. Singhal, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, and Y. Ye, 'Fair queueing with service envelopes (FQSE): a cousin-fair hierarchical scheduler for subscriber access networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1497-1513 (2004).

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, and R. Hirt, 'Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,' J. Opt. Netw. 1, 280-298 (2002).

Hajduczenia, M.

M. Hajduczenia, H. J. A. d. Silva, and P. P. Monteiro, 'Flexible logical-link-identifier (LLID) assignment policy for Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs) based on extended multipoint-control-protocol (MPCP) DU flow control,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 681-698 (2006).

M. Hajduczenia, H. J. A. d. Silva, and P. P. Monteiro, 'EPON versus APON and GPON: a detailed performance comparison,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 298-319 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Hajduczenia, H. J. A. d. Silva, and P. P. Monteiro, 'Extended GATE/REPORT MPCP DUs for Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),' presented at The 11th IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications, Pula-Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy, 26-29, June, 2006.

M. Hajduczenia, H. J. A. d. Silva, and P. P. Monteiro, 'EPON system efficiency evaluation with extended GATE/REPORT MPCPDUs,' presented at The 11th IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications, Pula-Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy, 26-29 June 2006.

Hirt, R.

Kramer, G.

G. Kramer, A. Banerjee, N. K. Singhal, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, and Y. Ye, 'Fair queueing with service envelopes (FQSE): a cousin-fair hierarchical scheduler for subscriber access networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1497-1513 (2004).

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, 'IPACT: a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, and R. Hirt, 'Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,' J. Opt. Netw. 1, 280-298 (2002).

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, 'lnterleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): a dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,' Photonic Network Commun. 4, 89-107 (2002).

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, 'Ethernet PON (ePON): design and analysis of an optical access network,' Photonic Network Commun. 3, 307-319 (2001).

G. Kramer, On Configuring Logical Links in EPON (Teknovus, Inc., 2001).

G. Kramer, How Efficient is EPON? (Teknovus, Inc., 2002).

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, 'Enabling next generation Ethernet access with Ethernet passive optical networks,' presented at The 19th National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference NFOEC, Orlando, Florida, 8-10 September 2003.

G. Kramer and G Pesavento, 'EPON: challenges in building a next generation access network,' presented at The 1st International Workshop on Community Networks and FTTH/P/x, Dallas, Texas, 16 October 2003.

Ma, M.

M. Ma, Y. Zhu, and T. H. Cheng, 'A bandwidth guaranteed polling MAC protocol for Ethernet passive optical networks,' presented at The 22nd Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE Infocom 2003) (IEEE, 2003).

Monteiro, P. P.

M. Hajduczenia, H. J. A. d. Silva, and P. P. Monteiro, 'Flexible logical-link-identifier (LLID) assignment policy for Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs) based on extended multipoint-control-protocol (MPCP) DU flow control,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 681-698 (2006).

M. Hajduczenia, H. J. A. d. Silva, and P. P. Monteiro, 'EPON versus APON and GPON: a detailed performance comparison,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 298-319 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Hajduczenia, H. J. A. d. Silva, and P. P. Monteiro, 'Extended GATE/REPORT MPCP DUs for Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),' presented at The 11th IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications, Pula-Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy, 26-29, June, 2006.

M. Hajduczenia, H. J. A. d. Silva, and P. P. Monteiro, 'EPON system efficiency evaluation with extended GATE/REPORT MPCPDUs,' presented at The 11th IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications, Pula-Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy, 26-29 June 2006.

Mukherjee, B.

G. Kramer, A. Banerjee, N. K. Singhal, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, and Y. Ye, 'Fair queueing with service envelopes (FQSE): a cousin-fair hierarchical scheduler for subscriber access networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1497-1513 (2004).

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, 'IPACT: a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, 'lnterleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): a dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,' Photonic Network Commun. 4, 89-107 (2002).

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, and R. Hirt, 'Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,' J. Opt. Netw. 1, 280-298 (2002).

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, 'Ethernet PON (ePON): design and analysis of an optical access network,' Photonic Network Commun. 3, 307-319 (2001).

Pesavento, G

G. Kramer and G Pesavento, 'EPON: challenges in building a next generation access network,' presented at The 1st International Workshop on Community Networks and FTTH/P/x, Dallas, Texas, 16 October 2003.

Pesavento, G.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, 'lnterleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): a dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,' Photonic Network Commun. 4, 89-107 (2002).

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, 'IPACT: a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, 'Ethernet PON (ePON): design and analysis of an optical access network,' Photonic Network Commun. 3, 307-319 (2001).

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, 'Enabling next generation Ethernet access with Ethernet passive optical networks,' presented at The 19th National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference NFOEC, Orlando, Florida, 8-10 September 2003.

Silva, H. J. A. d.

M. Hajduczenia, H. J. A. d. Silva, and P. P. Monteiro, 'Flexible logical-link-identifier (LLID) assignment policy for Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs) based on extended multipoint-control-protocol (MPCP) DU flow control,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 681-698 (2006).

M. Hajduczenia, H. J. A. d. Silva, and P. P. Monteiro, 'EPON versus APON and GPON: a detailed performance comparison,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 298-319 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Hajduczenia, H. J. A. d. Silva, and P. P. Monteiro, 'Extended GATE/REPORT MPCP DUs for Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),' presented at The 11th IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications, Pula-Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy, 26-29, June, 2006.

M. Hajduczenia, H. J. A. d. Silva, and P. P. Monteiro, 'EPON system efficiency evaluation with extended GATE/REPORT MPCPDUs,' presented at The 11th IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications, Pula-Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy, 26-29 June 2006.

Singhal, N. K.

G. Kramer, A. Banerjee, N. K. Singhal, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, and Y. Ye, 'Fair queueing with service envelopes (FQSE): a cousin-fair hierarchical scheduler for subscriber access networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1497-1513 (2004).

Tucher, R. S.

C. Chang-Joon, E. Wong, and R. S. Tucher, 'Optical CSMA/CD media access scheme for Ethernet over passive optical network,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 711-713 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wong, E.

C. Chang-Joon, E. Wong, and R. S. Tucher, 'Optical CSMA/CD media access scheme for Ethernet over passive optical network,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 711-713 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ye, Y.

G. Kramer, A. Banerjee, N. K. Singhal, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, and Y. Ye, 'Fair queueing with service envelopes (FQSE): a cousin-fair hierarchical scheduler for subscriber access networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1497-1513 (2004).

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, and R. Hirt, 'Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,' J. Opt. Netw. 1, 280-298 (2002).

Zhu, Y.

M. Ma, Y. Zhu, and T. H. Cheng, 'A bandwidth guaranteed polling MAC protocol for Ethernet passive optical networks,' presented at The 22nd Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE Infocom 2003) (IEEE, 2003).

IEEE Commun. Mag.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, 'IPACT: a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

G. Kramer, A. Banerjee, N. K. Singhal, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, and Y. Ye, 'Fair queueing with service envelopes (FQSE): a cousin-fair hierarchical scheduler for subscriber access networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1497-1513 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

C. Chang-Joon, E. Wong, and R. S. Tucher, 'Optical CSMA/CD media access scheme for Ethernet over passive optical network,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 711-713 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Netw.

Photonic Network Commun.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, 'Ethernet PON (ePON): design and analysis of an optical access network,' Photonic Network Commun. 3, 307-319 (2001).

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, 'lnterleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): a dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,' Photonic Network Commun. 4, 89-107 (2002).

Other

M. Ma, Y. Zhu, and T. H. Cheng, 'A bandwidth guaranteed polling MAC protocol for Ethernet passive optical networks,' presented at The 22nd Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE Infocom 2003) (IEEE, 2003).

G. Kramer, On Configuring Logical Links in EPON (Teknovus, Inc., 2001).

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, 'Enabling next generation Ethernet access with Ethernet passive optical networks,' presented at The 19th National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference NFOEC, Orlando, Florida, 8-10 September 2003.

G. Kramer and G Pesavento, 'EPON: challenges in building a next generation access network,' presented at The 1st International Workshop on Community Networks and FTTH/P/x, Dallas, Texas, 16 October 2003.

G. Kramer, How Efficient is EPON? (Teknovus, Inc., 2002).

M. Hajduczenia, H. J. A. d. Silva, and P. P. Monteiro, 'Extended GATE/REPORT MPCP DUs for Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),' presented at The 11th IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications, Pula-Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy, 26-29, June, 2006.

M. Hajduczenia, H. J. A. d. Silva, and P. P. Monteiro, 'EPON system efficiency evaluation with extended GATE/REPORT MPCPDUs,' presented at The 11th IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications, Pula-Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy, 26-29 June 2006.

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