Abstract

Feature Issue on Passive Optical Network Architectures and Technologies

Ever-increasing subscriber demand requires higher-bandwidth passive optical networks (PONs), with attendant fast, automatically provisioned, and dynamic optical connections. Burst-mode receivers (BMRs) are critical components in the design of the optical line terminal in PONs. Here we investigate multigigabit per second, differentiator-based, edge detection by simulation and experiment. The main features include: differentiator resistance-capacitance (RC) constant, comparator holding time, channel bandwidth, and the impact of consecutive identical digits. Our experimental results show excellent functionality in the PON environment with commercially available optical and electronic components. Differentiator edge-detection results compare favorably with the alternative ac- and dc-coupled methods at gigabit data rates. Finally, RC edge detection provides a greatly enhanced clock signal, thus mitigating the well-known BMR synchronization problem.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. Gigabit-Capable Passive Optical Networks (GPON): PMD Layer Specifications, ITU-T Recommendation G.984.2., 2003.
  2. MAC Parameters, Physical Layers and Management Parameters for Subscriber Access Networks (IEEE, 2003), IEEE Draft P802.3ah.
  3. C. Su, L.-K. Chen, and K.-W. Cheung, 'Theory of burst-mode receivers and its applications in optical multiaccess networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 590-606 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Ossieur, D. Verhulst, Y. Martens, W. Chen, J. Bauwelinck, X. Qiu, and J. Vandewege, 'A 1.25-Gb/s burst-mode receiver for GPON applications,' IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 1180-1189 (2005).
  5. P. Ossieur, Y. C. Yi, J. Bauwelinck, X. Z. Qiu, J. Vandewege, and E. Gilon, 'DC-coupled 1.25Gbit/s burst-mode receiver with automatic offset compensation,' Electron. Lett. 40, 447-448 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Kwon, J. Lee, J. Baek, J. Cho, J. Seo, S. Park, J. Lee, Y. Oh, and D. Jang, 'AC-coupled burst-mode OLT SFP transceiver for gigabit Ethernet PON systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1519-1521 (2005).
  7. S. Vatannia, P. Yeung, and C. Lu, 'A fast response 155-Mb/s burst-mode optical receiver for PON,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1067-1069 (2005).
  8. H. Nishizawa, Y. Yamada, K. Habara, and T. Ohyama, 'Design of a 10-Gb/s burst-mode optical packet receiver module and its demonstration in a WDM optical switching network,' J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1078-1083 (2002).
  9. Y. Yamada, M. Togashi, K. Habara, and T. Matsunaga, 'Burst-mode differential receiver for optical packet communication,' Electron. Lett. 32, 1500-1501 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Kobayashi and M. Hashimoto, 'Dual-PD differential reshaping circuit for multibitrate burst-mode optical signals,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 528-530 (2002).
  11. A. Li, J. Faucher, and D. Plant, 'Burst-mode clock and data recovery in optical multiaccess networks using broad-band PLLs,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 73-75 (2006).

2006 (1)

A. Li, J. Faucher, and D. Plant, 'Burst-mode clock and data recovery in optical multiaccess networks using broad-band PLLs,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 73-75 (2006).

2005 (3)

P. Ossieur, D. Verhulst, Y. Martens, W. Chen, J. Bauwelinck, X. Qiu, and J. Vandewege, 'A 1.25-Gb/s burst-mode receiver for GPON applications,' IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 1180-1189 (2005).

J. Kwon, J. Lee, J. Baek, J. Cho, J. Seo, S. Park, J. Lee, Y. Oh, and D. Jang, 'AC-coupled burst-mode OLT SFP transceiver for gigabit Ethernet PON systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1519-1521 (2005).

S. Vatannia, P. Yeung, and C. Lu, 'A fast response 155-Mb/s burst-mode optical receiver for PON,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1067-1069 (2005).

2004 (1)

P. Ossieur, Y. C. Yi, J. Bauwelinck, X. Z. Qiu, J. Vandewege, and E. Gilon, 'DC-coupled 1.25Gbit/s burst-mode receiver with automatic offset compensation,' Electron. Lett. 40, 447-448 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

H. Nishizawa, Y. Yamada, K. Habara, and T. Ohyama, 'Design of a 10-Gb/s burst-mode optical packet receiver module and its demonstration in a WDM optical switching network,' J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1078-1083 (2002).

S. Kobayashi and M. Hashimoto, 'Dual-PD differential reshaping circuit for multibitrate burst-mode optical signals,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 528-530 (2002).

1997 (1)

C. Su, L.-K. Chen, and K.-W. Cheung, 'Theory of burst-mode receivers and its applications in optical multiaccess networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 590-606 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

Y. Yamada, M. Togashi, K. Habara, and T. Matsunaga, 'Burst-mode differential receiver for optical packet communication,' Electron. Lett. 32, 1500-1501 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Baek, J.

J. Kwon, J. Lee, J. Baek, J. Cho, J. Seo, S. Park, J. Lee, Y. Oh, and D. Jang, 'AC-coupled burst-mode OLT SFP transceiver for gigabit Ethernet PON systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1519-1521 (2005).

Bauwelinck, J.

P. Ossieur, D. Verhulst, Y. Martens, W. Chen, J. Bauwelinck, X. Qiu, and J. Vandewege, 'A 1.25-Gb/s burst-mode receiver for GPON applications,' IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 1180-1189 (2005).

P. Ossieur, Y. C. Yi, J. Bauwelinck, X. Z. Qiu, J. Vandewege, and E. Gilon, 'DC-coupled 1.25Gbit/s burst-mode receiver with automatic offset compensation,' Electron. Lett. 40, 447-448 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.-K.

C. Su, L.-K. Chen, and K.-W. Cheung, 'Theory of burst-mode receivers and its applications in optical multiaccess networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 590-606 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

P. Ossieur, D. Verhulst, Y. Martens, W. Chen, J. Bauwelinck, X. Qiu, and J. Vandewege, 'A 1.25-Gb/s burst-mode receiver for GPON applications,' IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 1180-1189 (2005).

Cheung, K.-W.

C. Su, L.-K. Chen, and K.-W. Cheung, 'Theory of burst-mode receivers and its applications in optical multiaccess networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 590-606 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cho, J.

J. Kwon, J. Lee, J. Baek, J. Cho, J. Seo, S. Park, J. Lee, Y. Oh, and D. Jang, 'AC-coupled burst-mode OLT SFP transceiver for gigabit Ethernet PON systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1519-1521 (2005).

Faucher, J.

A. Li, J. Faucher, and D. Plant, 'Burst-mode clock and data recovery in optical multiaccess networks using broad-band PLLs,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 73-75 (2006).

Gilon, E.

P. Ossieur, Y. C. Yi, J. Bauwelinck, X. Z. Qiu, J. Vandewege, and E. Gilon, 'DC-coupled 1.25Gbit/s burst-mode receiver with automatic offset compensation,' Electron. Lett. 40, 447-448 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Habara, K.

H. Nishizawa, Y. Yamada, K. Habara, and T. Ohyama, 'Design of a 10-Gb/s burst-mode optical packet receiver module and its demonstration in a WDM optical switching network,' J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1078-1083 (2002).

Y. Yamada, M. Togashi, K. Habara, and T. Matsunaga, 'Burst-mode differential receiver for optical packet communication,' Electron. Lett. 32, 1500-1501 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hashimoto, M.

S. Kobayashi and M. Hashimoto, 'Dual-PD differential reshaping circuit for multibitrate burst-mode optical signals,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 528-530 (2002).

Jang, D.

J. Kwon, J. Lee, J. Baek, J. Cho, J. Seo, S. Park, J. Lee, Y. Oh, and D. Jang, 'AC-coupled burst-mode OLT SFP transceiver for gigabit Ethernet PON systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1519-1521 (2005).

Kobayashi, S.

S. Kobayashi and M. Hashimoto, 'Dual-PD differential reshaping circuit for multibitrate burst-mode optical signals,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 528-530 (2002).

Kwon, J.

J. Kwon, J. Lee, J. Baek, J. Cho, J. Seo, S. Park, J. Lee, Y. Oh, and D. Jang, 'AC-coupled burst-mode OLT SFP transceiver for gigabit Ethernet PON systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1519-1521 (2005).

Lee, J.

J. Kwon, J. Lee, J. Baek, J. Cho, J. Seo, S. Park, J. Lee, Y. Oh, and D. Jang, 'AC-coupled burst-mode OLT SFP transceiver for gigabit Ethernet PON systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1519-1521 (2005).

J. Kwon, J. Lee, J. Baek, J. Cho, J. Seo, S. Park, J. Lee, Y. Oh, and D. Jang, 'AC-coupled burst-mode OLT SFP transceiver for gigabit Ethernet PON systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1519-1521 (2005).

Li, A.

A. Li, J. Faucher, and D. Plant, 'Burst-mode clock and data recovery in optical multiaccess networks using broad-band PLLs,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 73-75 (2006).

Lu, C.

S. Vatannia, P. Yeung, and C. Lu, 'A fast response 155-Mb/s burst-mode optical receiver for PON,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1067-1069 (2005).

Martens, Y.

P. Ossieur, D. Verhulst, Y. Martens, W. Chen, J. Bauwelinck, X. Qiu, and J. Vandewege, 'A 1.25-Gb/s burst-mode receiver for GPON applications,' IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 1180-1189 (2005).

Matsunaga, T.

Y. Yamada, M. Togashi, K. Habara, and T. Matsunaga, 'Burst-mode differential receiver for optical packet communication,' Electron. Lett. 32, 1500-1501 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nishizawa, H.

Oh, Y.

J. Kwon, J. Lee, J. Baek, J. Cho, J. Seo, S. Park, J. Lee, Y. Oh, and D. Jang, 'AC-coupled burst-mode OLT SFP transceiver for gigabit Ethernet PON systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1519-1521 (2005).

Ohyama, T.

Ossieur, P.

P. Ossieur, D. Verhulst, Y. Martens, W. Chen, J. Bauwelinck, X. Qiu, and J. Vandewege, 'A 1.25-Gb/s burst-mode receiver for GPON applications,' IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 1180-1189 (2005).

P. Ossieur, Y. C. Yi, J. Bauwelinck, X. Z. Qiu, J. Vandewege, and E. Gilon, 'DC-coupled 1.25Gbit/s burst-mode receiver with automatic offset compensation,' Electron. Lett. 40, 447-448 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.

J. Kwon, J. Lee, J. Baek, J. Cho, J. Seo, S. Park, J. Lee, Y. Oh, and D. Jang, 'AC-coupled burst-mode OLT SFP transceiver for gigabit Ethernet PON systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1519-1521 (2005).

Plant, D.

A. Li, J. Faucher, and D. Plant, 'Burst-mode clock and data recovery in optical multiaccess networks using broad-band PLLs,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 73-75 (2006).

Qiu, X.

P. Ossieur, D. Verhulst, Y. Martens, W. Chen, J. Bauwelinck, X. Qiu, and J. Vandewege, 'A 1.25-Gb/s burst-mode receiver for GPON applications,' IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 1180-1189 (2005).

Qiu, X. Z.

P. Ossieur, Y. C. Yi, J. Bauwelinck, X. Z. Qiu, J. Vandewege, and E. Gilon, 'DC-coupled 1.25Gbit/s burst-mode receiver with automatic offset compensation,' Electron. Lett. 40, 447-448 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Seo, J.

J. Kwon, J. Lee, J. Baek, J. Cho, J. Seo, S. Park, J. Lee, Y. Oh, and D. Jang, 'AC-coupled burst-mode OLT SFP transceiver for gigabit Ethernet PON systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1519-1521 (2005).

Su, C.

C. Su, L.-K. Chen, and K.-W. Cheung, 'Theory of burst-mode receivers and its applications in optical multiaccess networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 590-606 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Togashi, M.

Y. Yamada, M. Togashi, K. Habara, and T. Matsunaga, 'Burst-mode differential receiver for optical packet communication,' Electron. Lett. 32, 1500-1501 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vandewege, J.

P. Ossieur, D. Verhulst, Y. Martens, W. Chen, J. Bauwelinck, X. Qiu, and J. Vandewege, 'A 1.25-Gb/s burst-mode receiver for GPON applications,' IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 1180-1189 (2005).

P. Ossieur, Y. C. Yi, J. Bauwelinck, X. Z. Qiu, J. Vandewege, and E. Gilon, 'DC-coupled 1.25Gbit/s burst-mode receiver with automatic offset compensation,' Electron. Lett. 40, 447-448 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vatannia, S.

S. Vatannia, P. Yeung, and C. Lu, 'A fast response 155-Mb/s burst-mode optical receiver for PON,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1067-1069 (2005).

Verhulst, D.

P. Ossieur, D. Verhulst, Y. Martens, W. Chen, J. Bauwelinck, X. Qiu, and J. Vandewege, 'A 1.25-Gb/s burst-mode receiver for GPON applications,' IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 1180-1189 (2005).

Yamada, Y.

H. Nishizawa, Y. Yamada, K. Habara, and T. Ohyama, 'Design of a 10-Gb/s burst-mode optical packet receiver module and its demonstration in a WDM optical switching network,' J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1078-1083 (2002).

Y. Yamada, M. Togashi, K. Habara, and T. Matsunaga, 'Burst-mode differential receiver for optical packet communication,' Electron. Lett. 32, 1500-1501 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yeung, P.

S. Vatannia, P. Yeung, and C. Lu, 'A fast response 155-Mb/s burst-mode optical receiver for PON,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1067-1069 (2005).

Yi, Y. C.

P. Ossieur, Y. C. Yi, J. Bauwelinck, X. Z. Qiu, J. Vandewege, and E. Gilon, 'DC-coupled 1.25Gbit/s burst-mode receiver with automatic offset compensation,' Electron. Lett. 40, 447-448 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

Y. Yamada, M. Togashi, K. Habara, and T. Matsunaga, 'Burst-mode differential receiver for optical packet communication,' Electron. Lett. 32, 1500-1501 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. Ossieur, Y. C. Yi, J. Bauwelinck, X. Z. Qiu, J. Vandewege, and E. Gilon, 'DC-coupled 1.25Gbit/s burst-mode receiver with automatic offset compensation,' Electron. Lett. 40, 447-448 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits (1)

P. Ossieur, D. Verhulst, Y. Martens, W. Chen, J. Bauwelinck, X. Qiu, and J. Vandewege, 'A 1.25-Gb/s burst-mode receiver for GPON applications,' IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 1180-1189 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

S. Kobayashi and M. Hashimoto, 'Dual-PD differential reshaping circuit for multibitrate burst-mode optical signals,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 528-530 (2002).

A. Li, J. Faucher, and D. Plant, 'Burst-mode clock and data recovery in optical multiaccess networks using broad-band PLLs,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 73-75 (2006).

J. Kwon, J. Lee, J. Baek, J. Cho, J. Seo, S. Park, J. Lee, Y. Oh, and D. Jang, 'AC-coupled burst-mode OLT SFP transceiver for gigabit Ethernet PON systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1519-1521 (2005).

S. Vatannia, P. Yeung, and C. Lu, 'A fast response 155-Mb/s burst-mode optical receiver for PON,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1067-1069 (2005).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

H. Nishizawa, Y. Yamada, K. Habara, and T. Ohyama, 'Design of a 10-Gb/s burst-mode optical packet receiver module and its demonstration in a WDM optical switching network,' J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1078-1083 (2002).

C. Su, L.-K. Chen, and K.-W. Cheung, 'Theory of burst-mode receivers and its applications in optical multiaccess networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 590-606 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

Gigabit-Capable Passive Optical Networks (GPON): PMD Layer Specifications, ITU-T Recommendation G.984.2., 2003.

MAC Parameters, Physical Layers and Management Parameters for Subscriber Access Networks (IEEE, 2003), IEEE Draft P802.3ah.

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