Abstract

Feature Issue on Optical Code Division Multiple Access

Optical signal processing using composite spectral-phase masks permits direct detection of each bit of an M-ary code word. The demonstrated M-ary receiver requires only log2(M) rather than M parallel stages and eliminates the usual electronic postprocessing. In addition, a range of logical operations on the underlying data bits is possible, and an exclusive-OR (XOR) operation is demonstrated using optical phase coders based on integrated microring resonators.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. P.R.Prucnal ed., Optical Code Division Multiple Access: Fundamentals and Applications (CRC, 2005), ISBN 084933683X.
  2. A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, S. Etemad, J. Jackel, J. Young, T. Banwell, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Chen, W. Chen, J. Hryniewicz, F. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, R. Davidson, K. Donovan, and P. J. Delfyett, 'Fully programmable ring-resonator-based integrated photonic circuit for phase coherent applications,' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 77-87 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Menendez, P. Toliver, S. Galli, A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, J. Jackel, J. Young, and S. Etemad, 'Network applications of cascaded passive code translation for WDM-compatible spectrally phase encoded optical CDMA,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3219-3231 (2005).
  4. X. Wang, N. Wada, T. Miyazaki, and K. Kitayama, 'Coherent OCDMA system using DPSK data format with balanced detection,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 826-828 (2006).
  5. E. Narimanov and B. Wu, 'Advanced coding techniques for asynchronous fiber-optical CDMA,' in IEEE CLEO/QELS (IEEE, 2005).
  6. S. Galli, R. Menendez, R. Fischer, R. Runser, E. Narimarov, and P. Prucnal, 'A novel method for increasing the spectral efficiency of optical CDMA,' in IEEE GLOBECOM Conference (IEEE, 2005).
  7. S. Galli, R. Menendez, E. Narimanov, and P. Prucnal are preparing a paper to be called 'A novel method for increasing the spectral efficiency of optical CDMA.'
  8. R. Menendez, A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, J. Jackel, and S. Etemad, 'Direct optical processing of M-ary code-shift keyed OCDMA using integrated passive optical phase decoders,' in European Conference on Optical Communication 2006 (SEE, 2006), paper We3.P.165.
  9. R. Menendez, S. Galli, P. Toliver, J. Jackel, and S. Etemad, 'Code grouping of spectrally phase encoded OCDMA based on Walsh-decomposition of Hadamard codes,' in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2006), paper OS0802.
  10. T. Shake, 'Confidentiality performance of spectral-phase-encoded optical CDMA,' J. Lightwave Technol. , 1652-1663 (2005).
  11. D. E. Leaird, Z. Jiang, and A. M. Weiner, 'Experimental investigation of security issues in OCDMA: a code-switching scheme,' Electron. Lett. 41, 817-819 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (2)

2005 (3)

T. Shake, 'Confidentiality performance of spectral-phase-encoded optical CDMA,' J. Lightwave Technol. , 1652-1663 (2005).

D. E. Leaird, Z. Jiang, and A. M. Weiner, 'Experimental investigation of security issues in OCDMA: a code-switching scheme,' Electron. Lett. 41, 817-819 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Menendez, P. Toliver, S. Galli, A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, J. Jackel, J. Young, and S. Etemad, 'Network applications of cascaded passive code translation for WDM-compatible spectrally phase encoded optical CDMA,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3219-3231 (2005).

Agarwal, A.

Banwell, T.

Chen, W.

Chu, S. T.

Davidson, R.

Delfyett, P. J.

Donovan, K.

Etemad, S.

A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, S. Etemad, J. Jackel, J. Young, T. Banwell, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Chen, W. Chen, J. Hryniewicz, F. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, R. Davidson, K. Donovan, and P. J. Delfyett, 'Fully programmable ring-resonator-based integrated photonic circuit for phase coherent applications,' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 77-87 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Menendez, P. Toliver, S. Galli, A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, J. Jackel, J. Young, and S. Etemad, 'Network applications of cascaded passive code translation for WDM-compatible spectrally phase encoded optical CDMA,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3219-3231 (2005).

R. Menendez, A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, J. Jackel, and S. Etemad, 'Direct optical processing of M-ary code-shift keyed OCDMA using integrated passive optical phase decoders,' in European Conference on Optical Communication 2006 (SEE, 2006), paper We3.P.165.

R. Menendez, S. Galli, P. Toliver, J. Jackel, and S. Etemad, 'Code grouping of spectrally phase encoded OCDMA based on Walsh-decomposition of Hadamard codes,' in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2006), paper OS0802.

Fischer, R.

S. Galli, R. Menendez, R. Fischer, R. Runser, E. Narimarov, and P. Prucnal, 'A novel method for increasing the spectral efficiency of optical CDMA,' in IEEE GLOBECOM Conference (IEEE, 2005).

Galli, S.

R. Menendez, P. Toliver, S. Galli, A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, J. Jackel, J. Young, and S. Etemad, 'Network applications of cascaded passive code translation for WDM-compatible spectrally phase encoded optical CDMA,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3219-3231 (2005).

S. Galli, R. Menendez, R. Fischer, R. Runser, E. Narimarov, and P. Prucnal, 'A novel method for increasing the spectral efficiency of optical CDMA,' in IEEE GLOBECOM Conference (IEEE, 2005).

R. Menendez, S. Galli, P. Toliver, J. Jackel, and S. Etemad, 'Code grouping of spectrally phase encoded OCDMA based on Walsh-decomposition of Hadamard codes,' in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2006), paper OS0802.

S. Galli, R. Menendez, E. Narimanov, and P. Prucnal are preparing a paper to be called 'A novel method for increasing the spectral efficiency of optical CDMA.'

Gill, D.

Hryniewicz, J.

Jackel, J.

A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, S. Etemad, J. Jackel, J. Young, T. Banwell, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Chen, W. Chen, J. Hryniewicz, F. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, R. Davidson, K. Donovan, and P. J. Delfyett, 'Fully programmable ring-resonator-based integrated photonic circuit for phase coherent applications,' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 77-87 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Menendez, P. Toliver, S. Galli, A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, J. Jackel, J. Young, and S. Etemad, 'Network applications of cascaded passive code translation for WDM-compatible spectrally phase encoded optical CDMA,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3219-3231 (2005).

R. Menendez, A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, J. Jackel, and S. Etemad, 'Direct optical processing of M-ary code-shift keyed OCDMA using integrated passive optical phase decoders,' in European Conference on Optical Communication 2006 (SEE, 2006), paper We3.P.165.

R. Menendez, S. Galli, P. Toliver, J. Jackel, and S. Etemad, 'Code grouping of spectrally phase encoded OCDMA based on Walsh-decomposition of Hadamard codes,' in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2006), paper OS0802.

Jiang, Z.

D. E. Leaird, Z. Jiang, and A. M. Weiner, 'Experimental investigation of security issues in OCDMA: a code-switching scheme,' Electron. Lett. 41, 817-819 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, F.

King, O.

Kitayama, K.

X. Wang, N. Wada, T. Miyazaki, and K. Kitayama, 'Coherent OCDMA system using DPSK data format with balanced detection,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 826-828 (2006).

Leaird, D. E.

D. E. Leaird, Z. Jiang, and A. M. Weiner, 'Experimental investigation of security issues in OCDMA: a code-switching scheme,' Electron. Lett. 41, 817-819 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Little, B. E.

Menendez, R.

A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, S. Etemad, J. Jackel, J. Young, T. Banwell, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Chen, W. Chen, J. Hryniewicz, F. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, R. Davidson, K. Donovan, and P. J. Delfyett, 'Fully programmable ring-resonator-based integrated photonic circuit for phase coherent applications,' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 77-87 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Menendez, P. Toliver, S. Galli, A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, J. Jackel, J. Young, and S. Etemad, 'Network applications of cascaded passive code translation for WDM-compatible spectrally phase encoded optical CDMA,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3219-3231 (2005).

S. Galli, R. Menendez, R. Fischer, R. Runser, E. Narimarov, and P. Prucnal, 'A novel method for increasing the spectral efficiency of optical CDMA,' in IEEE GLOBECOM Conference (IEEE, 2005).

R. Menendez, S. Galli, P. Toliver, J. Jackel, and S. Etemad, 'Code grouping of spectrally phase encoded OCDMA based on Walsh-decomposition of Hadamard codes,' in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2006), paper OS0802.

S. Galli, R. Menendez, E. Narimanov, and P. Prucnal are preparing a paper to be called 'A novel method for increasing the spectral efficiency of optical CDMA.'

R. Menendez, A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, J. Jackel, and S. Etemad, 'Direct optical processing of M-ary code-shift keyed OCDMA using integrated passive optical phase decoders,' in European Conference on Optical Communication 2006 (SEE, 2006), paper We3.P.165.

Miyazaki, T.

X. Wang, N. Wada, T. Miyazaki, and K. Kitayama, 'Coherent OCDMA system using DPSK data format with balanced detection,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 826-828 (2006).

Narimanov, E.

S. Galli, R. Menendez, E. Narimanov, and P. Prucnal are preparing a paper to be called 'A novel method for increasing the spectral efficiency of optical CDMA.'

E. Narimanov and B. Wu, 'Advanced coding techniques for asynchronous fiber-optical CDMA,' in IEEE CLEO/QELS (IEEE, 2005).

Narimarov, E.

S. Galli, R. Menendez, R. Fischer, R. Runser, E. Narimarov, and P. Prucnal, 'A novel method for increasing the spectral efficiency of optical CDMA,' in IEEE GLOBECOM Conference (IEEE, 2005).

Prucnal, P.

S. Galli, R. Menendez, R. Fischer, R. Runser, E. Narimarov, and P. Prucnal, 'A novel method for increasing the spectral efficiency of optical CDMA,' in IEEE GLOBECOM Conference (IEEE, 2005).

S. Galli, R. Menendez, E. Narimanov, and P. Prucnal are preparing a paper to be called 'A novel method for increasing the spectral efficiency of optical CDMA.'

Runser, R.

S. Galli, R. Menendez, R. Fischer, R. Runser, E. Narimarov, and P. Prucnal, 'A novel method for increasing the spectral efficiency of optical CDMA,' in IEEE GLOBECOM Conference (IEEE, 2005).

Shake, T.

T. Shake, 'Confidentiality performance of spectral-phase-encoded optical CDMA,' J. Lightwave Technol. , 1652-1663 (2005).

Toliver, P.

A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, S. Etemad, J. Jackel, J. Young, T. Banwell, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Chen, W. Chen, J. Hryniewicz, F. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, R. Davidson, K. Donovan, and P. J. Delfyett, 'Fully programmable ring-resonator-based integrated photonic circuit for phase coherent applications,' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 77-87 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Menendez, P. Toliver, S. Galli, A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, J. Jackel, J. Young, and S. Etemad, 'Network applications of cascaded passive code translation for WDM-compatible spectrally phase encoded optical CDMA,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3219-3231 (2005).

R. Menendez, A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, J. Jackel, and S. Etemad, 'Direct optical processing of M-ary code-shift keyed OCDMA using integrated passive optical phase decoders,' in European Conference on Optical Communication 2006 (SEE, 2006), paper We3.P.165.

R. Menendez, S. Galli, P. Toliver, J. Jackel, and S. Etemad, 'Code grouping of spectrally phase encoded OCDMA based on Walsh-decomposition of Hadamard codes,' in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2006), paper OS0802.

Wada, N.

X. Wang, N. Wada, T. Miyazaki, and K. Kitayama, 'Coherent OCDMA system using DPSK data format with balanced detection,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 826-828 (2006).

Wang, X.

X. Wang, N. Wada, T. Miyazaki, and K. Kitayama, 'Coherent OCDMA system using DPSK data format with balanced detection,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 826-828 (2006).

Weiner, A. M.

D. E. Leaird, Z. Jiang, and A. M. Weiner, 'Experimental investigation of security issues in OCDMA: a code-switching scheme,' Electron. Lett. 41, 817-819 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B.

E. Narimanov and B. Wu, 'Advanced coding techniques for asynchronous fiber-optical CDMA,' in IEEE CLEO/QELS (IEEE, 2005).

Young, J.

Electron. Lett. (1)

D. E. Leaird, Z. Jiang, and A. M. Weiner, 'Experimental investigation of security issues in OCDMA: a code-switching scheme,' Electron. Lett. 41, 817-819 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

X. Wang, N. Wada, T. Miyazaki, and K. Kitayama, 'Coherent OCDMA system using DPSK data format with balanced detection,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 826-828 (2006).

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Other (6)

P.R.Prucnal ed., Optical Code Division Multiple Access: Fundamentals and Applications (CRC, 2005), ISBN 084933683X.

E. Narimanov and B. Wu, 'Advanced coding techniques for asynchronous fiber-optical CDMA,' in IEEE CLEO/QELS (IEEE, 2005).

S. Galli, R. Menendez, R. Fischer, R. Runser, E. Narimarov, and P. Prucnal, 'A novel method for increasing the spectral efficiency of optical CDMA,' in IEEE GLOBECOM Conference (IEEE, 2005).

S. Galli, R. Menendez, E. Narimanov, and P. Prucnal are preparing a paper to be called 'A novel method for increasing the spectral efficiency of optical CDMA.'

R. Menendez, A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, J. Jackel, and S. Etemad, 'Direct optical processing of M-ary code-shift keyed OCDMA using integrated passive optical phase decoders,' in European Conference on Optical Communication 2006 (SEE, 2006), paper We3.P.165.

R. Menendez, S. Galli, P. Toliver, J. Jackel, and S. Etemad, 'Code grouping of spectrally phase encoded OCDMA based on Walsh-decomposition of Hadamard codes,' in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2006), paper OS0802.

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