Abstract

Feature Issue on Passive Optical Network Architectures and Technologies

We describe how a passive optical network (PON) extender box can be implemented at standard PON wavelengths (1310 and 1490nm) using either optical fiber amplifiers (praseodymium and thulium) or semiconductor optical amplifiers to further increase the physical reach and split of a current standardized PON system such as a G-PON or GE-PON. The transparency to PON protocol of this approach means no changes to the existing standards are required. This is attractive as operators and vendors are keen to fully exploit the investment made in current PON standards.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. C.Lin, ed., Broadband Optical Access Networks and Fiber-to-the-Home: Systems Technologies and Deployment Strategies (Wiley, 2006).
  2. A. Cauvin, A. Tofanelli, J. Lorentzen, J. Brannan, A. Templin, T. Park, and K. Saito, 'Common technical specification of the G-PON system among major worldwide access carriers,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 34-40 (2006).
  3. D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, 'The future of fibre access systems?,' BT Technol. J. 20, 104-114 (2002).
  4. K.-I. Suzuki, T. Furukawa, K. Saito, and H. Ueda, 'B-PON repeater for enlarging transmission distance between OLT and ONT,' IEICE Trans. Commun. J86-B, 2053-2064 (2003).
  5. D. Umeda, T. Ikagawa, K. Yamazaki, N. Hirakata, and K. Yamagishi, 'Bidirectional 3R repeater for GE-PON systems,' Presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 Sept. 2006.
  6. R. P. Davey, P. Healey, I. Hope, P. Watkinson, D. B. Payne, O. Marmur, J. Ruhmann, and Y. Zuiderveld, 'DWDM reach extension of a G-PON to 135km,' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 29-31 (2006).
  7. F. J. Effenberger, 'Methods for PON reach enhancement,' Presented at the Optical Hybrid Access Network IFSAN Conference, Florence, Italy, 10-12 June 2002.
  8. Y. Nishida, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, K. Kobayashi, J. Temmyo, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, 'Development of an efficient praseodymium-doped fiber amplifier,' IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1332-1339 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Aozasa and M. Shimizu, 'Novel gain spectrum control method for input power and temperature variations in S-band thulium doped fiber amplifier,' Presented at the 29th European Conference on Optical Communication, Rimini, Italy, 21-25 Sept. 2003.
  10. K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, K. Saito, T. Nakanishi, and Y. Maeda, 'Burst-mode optical amplifier for PON application,' Presented at the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 Sept. 2005.
  11. N. Suzuki and J. Nakagawa, 'First demonstration of full burst optical amplified GE-PON uplink with extended systems budget of up to 128 ONU splits and 58km reach,' Presented at the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 Sept. 2005.
  12. D. Nesset, D. Payne, R. Davey, and T. Gilfedder, 'Demonstration of enhanced reach and split of a GPON system using-semiconductor optical amplifier,' Presented at the 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 Sept. 2006.
  13. http://www.flexlight-networks.com.
  14. R. Seifert, Gigabit Ethernet: Technology and Applications for High-Speed LANs (Addison Wesley, 1998), p. 89.
  15. R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. Mccammon, 'Options for future optical access networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 50-56 (2006).

2006 (3)

A. Cauvin, A. Tofanelli, J. Lorentzen, J. Brannan, A. Templin, T. Park, and K. Saito, 'Common technical specification of the G-PON system among major worldwide access carriers,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 34-40 (2006).

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. Mccammon, 'Options for future optical access networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 50-56 (2006).

R. P. Davey, P. Healey, I. Hope, P. Watkinson, D. B. Payne, O. Marmur, J. Ruhmann, and Y. Zuiderveld, 'DWDM reach extension of a G-PON to 135km,' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 29-31 (2006).

2003 (1)

K.-I. Suzuki, T. Furukawa, K. Saito, and H. Ueda, 'B-PON repeater for enlarging transmission distance between OLT and ONT,' IEICE Trans. Commun. J86-B, 2053-2064 (2003).

2002 (1)

D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, 'The future of fibre access systems?,' BT Technol. J. 20, 104-114 (2002).

1998 (1)

Y. Nishida, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, K. Kobayashi, J. Temmyo, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, 'Development of an efficient praseodymium-doped fiber amplifier,' IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1332-1339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Aozasa, S.

S. Aozasa and M. Shimizu, 'Novel gain spectrum control method for input power and temperature variations in S-band thulium doped fiber amplifier,' Presented at the 29th European Conference on Optical Communication, Rimini, Italy, 21-25 Sept. 2003.

Bourgart, F.

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. Mccammon, 'Options for future optical access networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 50-56 (2006).

Brannan, J.

A. Cauvin, A. Tofanelli, J. Lorentzen, J. Brannan, A. Templin, T. Park, and K. Saito, 'Common technical specification of the G-PON system among major worldwide access carriers,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 34-40 (2006).

Cauvin, A.

A. Cauvin, A. Tofanelli, J. Lorentzen, J. Brannan, A. Templin, T. Park, and K. Saito, 'Common technical specification of the G-PON system among major worldwide access carriers,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 34-40 (2006).

Davey, R.

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. Mccammon, 'Options for future optical access networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 50-56 (2006).

D. Nesset, D. Payne, R. Davey, and T. Gilfedder, 'Demonstration of enhanced reach and split of a GPON system using-semiconductor optical amplifier,' Presented at the 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 Sept. 2006.

Davey, R. P.

Effenberger, F. J.

F. J. Effenberger, 'Methods for PON reach enhancement,' Presented at the Optical Hybrid Access Network IFSAN Conference, Florence, Italy, 10-12 June 2002.

Fukada, Y.

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, K. Saito, T. Nakanishi, and Y. Maeda, 'Burst-mode optical amplifier for PON application,' Presented at the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 Sept. 2005.

Furukawa, T.

K.-I. Suzuki, T. Furukawa, K. Saito, and H. Ueda, 'B-PON repeater for enlarging transmission distance between OLT and ONT,' IEICE Trans. Commun. J86-B, 2053-2064 (2003).

Gilfedder, T.

D. Nesset, D. Payne, R. Davey, and T. Gilfedder, 'Demonstration of enhanced reach and split of a GPON system using-semiconductor optical amplifier,' Presented at the 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 Sept. 2006.

Healey, P.

Hirakata, N.

D. Umeda, T. Ikagawa, K. Yamazaki, N. Hirakata, and K. Yamagishi, 'Bidirectional 3R repeater for GE-PON systems,' Presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 Sept. 2006.

Hope, I.

Ikagawa, T.

D. Umeda, T. Ikagawa, K. Yamazaki, N. Hirakata, and K. Yamagishi, 'Bidirectional 3R repeater for GE-PON systems,' Presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 Sept. 2006.

Kanamori, T.

Y. Nishida, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, K. Kobayashi, J. Temmyo, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, 'Development of an efficient praseodymium-doped fiber amplifier,' IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1332-1339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kani, J.

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. Mccammon, 'Options for future optical access networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 50-56 (2006).

Kobayashi, K.

Y. Nishida, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, K. Kobayashi, J. Temmyo, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, 'Development of an efficient praseodymium-doped fiber amplifier,' IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1332-1339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lorentzen, J.

A. Cauvin, A. Tofanelli, J. Lorentzen, J. Brannan, A. Templin, T. Park, and K. Saito, 'Common technical specification of the G-PON system among major worldwide access carriers,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 34-40 (2006).

Maeda, Y.

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, K. Saito, T. Nakanishi, and Y. Maeda, 'Burst-mode optical amplifier for PON application,' Presented at the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 Sept. 2005.

Marmur, O.

Mccammon, K.

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. Mccammon, 'Options for future optical access networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 50-56 (2006).

Nakagawa, J.

N. Suzuki and J. Nakagawa, 'First demonstration of full burst optical amplified GE-PON uplink with extended systems budget of up to 128 ONU splits and 58km reach,' Presented at the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 Sept. 2005.

Nakanishi, T.

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, K. Saito, T. Nakanishi, and Y. Maeda, 'Burst-mode optical amplifier for PON application,' Presented at the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 Sept. 2005.

Nesset, D.

D. Nesset, D. Payne, R. Davey, and T. Gilfedder, 'Demonstration of enhanced reach and split of a GPON system using-semiconductor optical amplifier,' Presented at the 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 Sept. 2006.

Nishida, Y.

Y. Nishida, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, K. Kobayashi, J. Temmyo, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, 'Development of an efficient praseodymium-doped fiber amplifier,' IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1332-1339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

Y. Nishida, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, K. Kobayashi, J. Temmyo, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, 'Development of an efficient praseodymium-doped fiber amplifier,' IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1332-1339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Park, T.

A. Cauvin, A. Tofanelli, J. Lorentzen, J. Brannan, A. Templin, T. Park, and K. Saito, 'Common technical specification of the G-PON system among major worldwide access carriers,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 34-40 (2006).

Payne, D.

D. Nesset, D. Payne, R. Davey, and T. Gilfedder, 'Demonstration of enhanced reach and split of a GPON system using-semiconductor optical amplifier,' Presented at the 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 Sept. 2006.

Payne, D. B.

Ruhmann, J.

Saito, K.

A. Cauvin, A. Tofanelli, J. Lorentzen, J. Brannan, A. Templin, T. Park, and K. Saito, 'Common technical specification of the G-PON system among major worldwide access carriers,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 34-40 (2006).

K.-I. Suzuki, T. Furukawa, K. Saito, and H. Ueda, 'B-PON repeater for enlarging transmission distance between OLT and ONT,' IEICE Trans. Commun. J86-B, 2053-2064 (2003).

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, K. Saito, T. Nakanishi, and Y. Maeda, 'Burst-mode optical amplifier for PON application,' Presented at the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 Sept. 2005.

Seifert, R.

R. Seifert, Gigabit Ethernet: Technology and Applications for High-Speed LANs (Addison Wesley, 1998), p. 89.

Shimizu, M.

S. Aozasa and M. Shimizu, 'Novel gain spectrum control method for input power and temperature variations in S-band thulium doped fiber amplifier,' Presented at the 29th European Conference on Optical Communication, Rimini, Italy, 21-25 Sept. 2003.

Sudo, S.

Y. Nishida, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, K. Kobayashi, J. Temmyo, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, 'Development of an efficient praseodymium-doped fiber amplifier,' IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1332-1339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, K.-I.

K.-I. Suzuki, T. Furukawa, K. Saito, and H. Ueda, 'B-PON repeater for enlarging transmission distance between OLT and ONT,' IEICE Trans. Commun. J86-B, 2053-2064 (2003).

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, K. Saito, T. Nakanishi, and Y. Maeda, 'Burst-mode optical amplifier for PON application,' Presented at the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 Sept. 2005.

Suzuki, N.

N. Suzuki and J. Nakagawa, 'First demonstration of full burst optical amplified GE-PON uplink with extended systems budget of up to 128 ONU splits and 58km reach,' Presented at the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 Sept. 2005.

Temmyo, J.

Y. Nishida, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, K. Kobayashi, J. Temmyo, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, 'Development of an efficient praseodymium-doped fiber amplifier,' IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1332-1339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Templin, A.

A. Cauvin, A. Tofanelli, J. Lorentzen, J. Brannan, A. Templin, T. Park, and K. Saito, 'Common technical specification of the G-PON system among major worldwide access carriers,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 34-40 (2006).

Tofanelli, A.

A. Cauvin, A. Tofanelli, J. Lorentzen, J. Brannan, A. Templin, T. Park, and K. Saito, 'Common technical specification of the G-PON system among major worldwide access carriers,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 34-40 (2006).

Ueda, H.

K.-I. Suzuki, T. Furukawa, K. Saito, and H. Ueda, 'B-PON repeater for enlarging transmission distance between OLT and ONT,' IEICE Trans. Commun. J86-B, 2053-2064 (2003).

Umeda, D.

D. Umeda, T. Ikagawa, K. Yamazaki, N. Hirakata, and K. Yamagishi, 'Bidirectional 3R repeater for GE-PON systems,' Presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 Sept. 2006.

Watkinson, P.

Yamada, M.

Y. Nishida, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, K. Kobayashi, J. Temmyo, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, 'Development of an efficient praseodymium-doped fiber amplifier,' IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1332-1339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yamagishi, K.

D. Umeda, T. Ikagawa, K. Yamazaki, N. Hirakata, and K. Yamagishi, 'Bidirectional 3R repeater for GE-PON systems,' Presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 Sept. 2006.

Yamazaki, K.

D. Umeda, T. Ikagawa, K. Yamazaki, N. Hirakata, and K. Yamagishi, 'Bidirectional 3R repeater for GE-PON systems,' Presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 Sept. 2006.

Zuiderveld, Y.

BT Technol. J. (1)

D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, 'The future of fibre access systems?,' BT Technol. J. 20, 104-114 (2002).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. Mccammon, 'Options for future optical access networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 50-56 (2006).

A. Cauvin, A. Tofanelli, J. Lorentzen, J. Brannan, A. Templin, T. Park, and K. Saito, 'Common technical specification of the G-PON system among major worldwide access carriers,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 34-40 (2006).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Nishida, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, K. Kobayashi, J. Temmyo, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, 'Development of an efficient praseodymium-doped fiber amplifier,' IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1332-1339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Commun. (1)

K.-I. Suzuki, T. Furukawa, K. Saito, and H. Ueda, 'B-PON repeater for enlarging transmission distance between OLT and ONT,' IEICE Trans. Commun. J86-B, 2053-2064 (2003).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Other (9)

D. Umeda, T. Ikagawa, K. Yamazaki, N. Hirakata, and K. Yamagishi, 'Bidirectional 3R repeater for GE-PON systems,' Presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 Sept. 2006.

S. Aozasa and M. Shimizu, 'Novel gain spectrum control method for input power and temperature variations in S-band thulium doped fiber amplifier,' Presented at the 29th European Conference on Optical Communication, Rimini, Italy, 21-25 Sept. 2003.

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, K. Saito, T. Nakanishi, and Y. Maeda, 'Burst-mode optical amplifier for PON application,' Presented at the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 Sept. 2005.

N. Suzuki and J. Nakagawa, 'First demonstration of full burst optical amplified GE-PON uplink with extended systems budget of up to 128 ONU splits and 58km reach,' Presented at the 31st European Conference on Optical Communication, Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 Sept. 2005.

D. Nesset, D. Payne, R. Davey, and T. Gilfedder, 'Demonstration of enhanced reach and split of a GPON system using-semiconductor optical amplifier,' Presented at the 32nd European Conference on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, 24-28 Sept. 2006.

http://www.flexlight-networks.com.

R. Seifert, Gigabit Ethernet: Technology and Applications for High-Speed LANs (Addison Wesley, 1998), p. 89.

F. J. Effenberger, 'Methods for PON reach enhancement,' Presented at the Optical Hybrid Access Network IFSAN Conference, Florence, Italy, 10-12 June 2002.

C.Lin, ed., Broadband Optical Access Networks and Fiber-to-the-Home: Systems Technologies and Deployment Strategies (Wiley, 2006).

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