Abstract

Feature Issue on Photonics in Switching

We propose a method for simultaneously achieving high resource usage efficiency in terms of both bandwidth and switching resources in protected optical WDM networks. Branch points in protection bandwidth have previously been shown to lead to slower recovery times. We show that branch avoidance may also lead to more efficient use of resources within optical switches. Through our experimental simulations of our online algorithm with an incremental traffic model, we have found that considering bandwidth alone leads to inefficient use of switching resources. Similarly, total elimination of branching leads to inefficient bandwidth usage. However, taking a balanced approach leads to high efficiency with both resources.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Zhou and S. Subramaniam, 'Survivability in optical networks,' IEE Network 14, 16-23 (2000).
  2. T. Y. Chow, F. Chudak, and A. M. French, 'Fast optical layer mesh protection using pre-cross-connected trails,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 12, 539-548 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. D. Dobbelaere, K. Falta, L. Fan, S. Gloeckner, and S. Patra, 'Digital MEMS for optical switching,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 88-95 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Ramaswami and K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective, The Morgan Kaufmann Series in Networking, 2nd ed. (Morgan Kaufmann, 2002).
  5. E. D. Manley, 'Optimizing switch resources for path protection in optical WDM mesh networks,' Master's thesis (University of Nebraska at Lincoln, 2006).
  6. I. Chlamtac, A. Ganz, and G. Karmi, 'Lightpath communications: an approach to high bandwidth optical WANs,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1171-1182 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. M. Bhide, K. M. Sivalingam, and T. Fabry-Asztalos, 'Routing mechanisms employing adaptive weight functions for shortest path routing in multiwavelength optical WDM networks,' J. Photon. Netw. Commun. 3, 227-236 (2001).
  8. B. Wen and K. M. Sivalingam, 'Routing, wavelength and time-slot assignment in time division multiplexed wavelength-routed optical WDM networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM '02 (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 3, pp. 1442-1450.
  9. H. Zang, J. P. Jue, and B. Mukherjee, 'A review of routing and wavelength assignment approaches for wavelength-routed optical WDM networks,' Opt. Netw. Mag. 1, 47-60 (2000).
  10. E. Modiano and A. Narula-Tam, 'Survivable routing of logical topologies in WDM networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM '01 (IEEE, 2001), pp. 348-357.
  11. S. Ramamurthy, L. Sahasrabuddhe, and B. Mukherjee, 'Survivable WDM mesh networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 870-883 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. Ou, H. Zang, N. Singhal, K. Zhu, L. Sahasrabuddhe, R. MacDonald, and B. Mukherjee, 'Subpath protection for scalability and fast recovery in optical WDM mesh networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1859-1875 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Todimala and B. Ramamurthy, 'A dynamic partitioning sub-path protection routing technique in WDM mesh networks,' in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications (ICCC), (IEEE, 2002), pp. 327-340.
  14. S. Ramamurthy and B. Mukherjee, 'Survivable WDM mesh networks. Part I. protection,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM '99 (IEEE, 1999), pp. 744-751.
  15. G. Mohan, C. S. R. Murthy, and A. K. Somani, 'Efficient algorithms for routing dependable connections in WDM optical networks,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 9, 553-566 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Ali, 'Sharability in optical networks: beyond bandwidth optimization,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, 11-15 (2004).
  17. S. Gowda and K. M. Sivalingam, 'Protection mechanisms for optical WDM networks based on wavelength converters multiplexing and backup path relocation techniques,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM '03 (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 12-21.
  18. K. Wang, H. S. Hamza, and J. S. Deogun, 'Wavelength and opto-electro-opto sharing and optimization in wavelength division multiplexing mesh networks with path protection,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 175-192 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  19. X. Yang, L. Shen, and B. Ramamurthy, 'Maximizing resource sharing in WDM mesh network with path-based protection and sparse OEO regeneration,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2004).
  20. Y. Yang, J. Wang, and C. Qiao, 'Nonblocking WDM multicast switching networks,' IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst. 11, 1274-1287 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  21. Y. Yang and J. Wang, 'Cost-effective designs of WDM optical interconnects,' IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst.. 16, 51-66 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  22. M. S. Borella, J. P. Jue, D. Banerjee, B. Ramamurthy, and B. Mukherjee, 'Optical components for WDM lightwave networks,' Proc. IEEE 85, 1274-1307 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  23. M. Ali and J. S. Deogun, 'Power-efficient design of multicast wavelength-routed networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1852-1862 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  24. B. M. Waxman, 'Routing of multipoint connections,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 6, 1617-1622 (1988).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

Y. Yang and J. Wang, 'Cost-effective designs of WDM optical interconnects,' IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst.. 16, 51-66 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

T. Y. Chow, F. Chudak, and A. M. French, 'Fast optical layer mesh protection using pre-cross-connected trails,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 12, 539-548 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Ou, H. Zang, N. Singhal, K. Zhu, L. Sahasrabuddhe, R. MacDonald, and B. Mukherjee, 'Subpath protection for scalability and fast recovery in optical WDM mesh networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1859-1875 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Ali, 'Sharability in optical networks: beyond bandwidth optimization,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, 11-15 (2004).

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

P. D. Dobbelaere, K. Falta, L. Fan, S. Gloeckner, and S. Patra, 'Digital MEMS for optical switching,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 88-95 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

N. M. Bhide, K. M. Sivalingam, and T. Fabry-Asztalos, 'Routing mechanisms employing adaptive weight functions for shortest path routing in multiwavelength optical WDM networks,' J. Photon. Netw. Commun. 3, 227-236 (2001).

G. Mohan, C. S. R. Murthy, and A. K. Somani, 'Efficient algorithms for routing dependable connections in WDM optical networks,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 9, 553-566 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (4)

Y. Yang, J. Wang, and C. Qiao, 'Nonblocking WDM multicast switching networks,' IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst. 11, 1274-1287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Zang, J. P. Jue, and B. Mukherjee, 'A review of routing and wavelength assignment approaches for wavelength-routed optical WDM networks,' Opt. Netw. Mag. 1, 47-60 (2000).

D. Zhou and S. Subramaniam, 'Survivability in optical networks,' IEE Network 14, 16-23 (2000).

M. Ali and J. S. Deogun, 'Power-efficient design of multicast wavelength-routed networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1852-1862 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

M. S. Borella, J. P. Jue, D. Banerjee, B. Ramamurthy, and B. Mukherjee, 'Optical components for WDM lightwave networks,' Proc. IEEE 85, 1274-1307 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

I. Chlamtac, A. Ganz, and G. Karmi, 'Lightpath communications: an approach to high bandwidth optical WANs,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1171-1182 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

B. M. Waxman, 'Routing of multipoint connections,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 6, 1617-1622 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ali, M.

M. Ali, 'Sharability in optical networks: beyond bandwidth optimization,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, 11-15 (2004).

M. Ali and J. S. Deogun, 'Power-efficient design of multicast wavelength-routed networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1852-1862 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Banerjee, D.

M. S. Borella, J. P. Jue, D. Banerjee, B. Ramamurthy, and B. Mukherjee, 'Optical components for WDM lightwave networks,' Proc. IEEE 85, 1274-1307 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bhide, N. M.

N. M. Bhide, K. M. Sivalingam, and T. Fabry-Asztalos, 'Routing mechanisms employing adaptive weight functions for shortest path routing in multiwavelength optical WDM networks,' J. Photon. Netw. Commun. 3, 227-236 (2001).

Borella, M. S.

M. S. Borella, J. P. Jue, D. Banerjee, B. Ramamurthy, and B. Mukherjee, 'Optical components for WDM lightwave networks,' Proc. IEEE 85, 1274-1307 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chlamtac, I.

I. Chlamtac, A. Ganz, and G. Karmi, 'Lightpath communications: an approach to high bandwidth optical WANs,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1171-1182 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chow, T. Y.

T. Y. Chow, F. Chudak, and A. M. French, 'Fast optical layer mesh protection using pre-cross-connected trails,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 12, 539-548 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chudak, F.

T. Y. Chow, F. Chudak, and A. M. French, 'Fast optical layer mesh protection using pre-cross-connected trails,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 12, 539-548 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Deogun, J. S.

Dobbelaere, P. D.

P. D. Dobbelaere, K. Falta, L. Fan, S. Gloeckner, and S. Patra, 'Digital MEMS for optical switching,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 88-95 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fabry-Asztalos, T.

N. M. Bhide, K. M. Sivalingam, and T. Fabry-Asztalos, 'Routing mechanisms employing adaptive weight functions for shortest path routing in multiwavelength optical WDM networks,' J. Photon. Netw. Commun. 3, 227-236 (2001).

Falta, K.

P. D. Dobbelaere, K. Falta, L. Fan, S. Gloeckner, and S. Patra, 'Digital MEMS for optical switching,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 88-95 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fan, L.

P. D. Dobbelaere, K. Falta, L. Fan, S. Gloeckner, and S. Patra, 'Digital MEMS for optical switching,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 88-95 (2002).
[CrossRef]

French, A. M.

T. Y. Chow, F. Chudak, and A. M. French, 'Fast optical layer mesh protection using pre-cross-connected trails,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 12, 539-548 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ganz, A.

I. Chlamtac, A. Ganz, and G. Karmi, 'Lightpath communications: an approach to high bandwidth optical WANs,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1171-1182 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gloeckner, S.

P. D. Dobbelaere, K. Falta, L. Fan, S. Gloeckner, and S. Patra, 'Digital MEMS for optical switching,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 88-95 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gowda, S.

S. Gowda and K. M. Sivalingam, 'Protection mechanisms for optical WDM networks based on wavelength converters multiplexing and backup path relocation techniques,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM '03 (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 12-21.

Hamza, H. S.

Jue, J. P.

H. Zang, J. P. Jue, and B. Mukherjee, 'A review of routing and wavelength assignment approaches for wavelength-routed optical WDM networks,' Opt. Netw. Mag. 1, 47-60 (2000).

M. S. Borella, J. P. Jue, D. Banerjee, B. Ramamurthy, and B. Mukherjee, 'Optical components for WDM lightwave networks,' Proc. IEEE 85, 1274-1307 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Karmi, G.

I. Chlamtac, A. Ganz, and G. Karmi, 'Lightpath communications: an approach to high bandwidth optical WANs,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1171-1182 (1992).
[CrossRef]

MacDonald, R.

C. Ou, H. Zang, N. Singhal, K. Zhu, L. Sahasrabuddhe, R. MacDonald, and B. Mukherjee, 'Subpath protection for scalability and fast recovery in optical WDM mesh networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1859-1875 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Manley, E. D.

E. D. Manley, 'Optimizing switch resources for path protection in optical WDM mesh networks,' Master's thesis (University of Nebraska at Lincoln, 2006).

Modiano, E.

E. Modiano and A. Narula-Tam, 'Survivable routing of logical topologies in WDM networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM '01 (IEEE, 2001), pp. 348-357.

Mohan, G.

G. Mohan, C. S. R. Murthy, and A. K. Somani, 'Efficient algorithms for routing dependable connections in WDM optical networks,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 9, 553-566 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mukherjee, B.

C. Ou, H. Zang, N. Singhal, K. Zhu, L. Sahasrabuddhe, R. MacDonald, and B. Mukherjee, 'Subpath protection for scalability and fast recovery in optical WDM mesh networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1859-1875 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Ramamurthy, L. Sahasrabuddhe, and B. Mukherjee, 'Survivable WDM mesh networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 870-883 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Zang, J. P. Jue, and B. Mukherjee, 'A review of routing and wavelength assignment approaches for wavelength-routed optical WDM networks,' Opt. Netw. Mag. 1, 47-60 (2000).

M. S. Borella, J. P. Jue, D. Banerjee, B. Ramamurthy, and B. Mukherjee, 'Optical components for WDM lightwave networks,' Proc. IEEE 85, 1274-1307 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Ramamurthy and B. Mukherjee, 'Survivable WDM mesh networks. Part I. protection,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM '99 (IEEE, 1999), pp. 744-751.

Murthy, C. S. R.

G. Mohan, C. S. R. Murthy, and A. K. Somani, 'Efficient algorithms for routing dependable connections in WDM optical networks,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 9, 553-566 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Narula-Tam, A.

E. Modiano and A. Narula-Tam, 'Survivable routing of logical topologies in WDM networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM '01 (IEEE, 2001), pp. 348-357.

Ou, C.

C. Ou, H. Zang, N. Singhal, K. Zhu, L. Sahasrabuddhe, R. MacDonald, and B. Mukherjee, 'Subpath protection for scalability and fast recovery in optical WDM mesh networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1859-1875 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Patra, S.

P. D. Dobbelaere, K. Falta, L. Fan, S. Gloeckner, and S. Patra, 'Digital MEMS for optical switching,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 88-95 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Qiao, C.

Y. Yang, J. Wang, and C. Qiao, 'Nonblocking WDM multicast switching networks,' IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst. 11, 1274-1287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ramamurthy, B.

M. S. Borella, J. P. Jue, D. Banerjee, B. Ramamurthy, and B. Mukherjee, 'Optical components for WDM lightwave networks,' Proc. IEEE 85, 1274-1307 (1997).
[CrossRef]

X. Yang, L. Shen, and B. Ramamurthy, 'Maximizing resource sharing in WDM mesh network with path-based protection and sparse OEO regeneration,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2004).

A. Todimala and B. Ramamurthy, 'A dynamic partitioning sub-path protection routing technique in WDM mesh networks,' in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications (ICCC), (IEEE, 2002), pp. 327-340.

Ramamurthy, S.

S. Ramamurthy, L. Sahasrabuddhe, and B. Mukherjee, 'Survivable WDM mesh networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 870-883 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Ramamurthy and B. Mukherjee, 'Survivable WDM mesh networks. Part I. protection,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM '99 (IEEE, 1999), pp. 744-751.

Ramaswami, R.

R. Ramaswami and K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective, The Morgan Kaufmann Series in Networking, 2nd ed. (Morgan Kaufmann, 2002).

Sahasrabuddhe, L.

C. Ou, H. Zang, N. Singhal, K. Zhu, L. Sahasrabuddhe, R. MacDonald, and B. Mukherjee, 'Subpath protection for scalability and fast recovery in optical WDM mesh networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1859-1875 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Ramamurthy, L. Sahasrabuddhe, and B. Mukherjee, 'Survivable WDM mesh networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 870-883 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shen, L.

X. Yang, L. Shen, and B. Ramamurthy, 'Maximizing resource sharing in WDM mesh network with path-based protection and sparse OEO regeneration,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2004).

Singhal, N.

C. Ou, H. Zang, N. Singhal, K. Zhu, L. Sahasrabuddhe, R. MacDonald, and B. Mukherjee, 'Subpath protection for scalability and fast recovery in optical WDM mesh networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1859-1875 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sivalingam, K. M.

N. M. Bhide, K. M. Sivalingam, and T. Fabry-Asztalos, 'Routing mechanisms employing adaptive weight functions for shortest path routing in multiwavelength optical WDM networks,' J. Photon. Netw. Commun. 3, 227-236 (2001).

B. Wen and K. M. Sivalingam, 'Routing, wavelength and time-slot assignment in time division multiplexed wavelength-routed optical WDM networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM '02 (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 3, pp. 1442-1450.

S. Gowda and K. M. Sivalingam, 'Protection mechanisms for optical WDM networks based on wavelength converters multiplexing and backup path relocation techniques,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM '03 (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 12-21.

Sivarajan, K. N.

R. Ramaswami and K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective, The Morgan Kaufmann Series in Networking, 2nd ed. (Morgan Kaufmann, 2002).

Somani, A. K.

G. Mohan, C. S. R. Murthy, and A. K. Somani, 'Efficient algorithms for routing dependable connections in WDM optical networks,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 9, 553-566 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Subramaniam, S.

D. Zhou and S. Subramaniam, 'Survivability in optical networks,' IEE Network 14, 16-23 (2000).

Todimala, A.

A. Todimala and B. Ramamurthy, 'A dynamic partitioning sub-path protection routing technique in WDM mesh networks,' in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications (ICCC), (IEEE, 2002), pp. 327-340.

Wang, J.

Y. Yang and J. Wang, 'Cost-effective designs of WDM optical interconnects,' IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst.. 16, 51-66 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yang, J. Wang, and C. Qiao, 'Nonblocking WDM multicast switching networks,' IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst. 11, 1274-1287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, K.

Waxman, B. M.

B. M. Waxman, 'Routing of multipoint connections,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 6, 1617-1622 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wen, B.

B. Wen and K. M. Sivalingam, 'Routing, wavelength and time-slot assignment in time division multiplexed wavelength-routed optical WDM networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM '02 (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 3, pp. 1442-1450.

Yang, X.

X. Yang, L. Shen, and B. Ramamurthy, 'Maximizing resource sharing in WDM mesh network with path-based protection and sparse OEO regeneration,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2004).

Yang, Y.

Y. Yang and J. Wang, 'Cost-effective designs of WDM optical interconnects,' IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst.. 16, 51-66 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yang, J. Wang, and C. Qiao, 'Nonblocking WDM multicast switching networks,' IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst. 11, 1274-1287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zang, H.

C. Ou, H. Zang, N. Singhal, K. Zhu, L. Sahasrabuddhe, R. MacDonald, and B. Mukherjee, 'Subpath protection for scalability and fast recovery in optical WDM mesh networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1859-1875 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Zang, J. P. Jue, and B. Mukherjee, 'A review of routing and wavelength assignment approaches for wavelength-routed optical WDM networks,' Opt. Netw. Mag. 1, 47-60 (2000).

Zhou, D.

D. Zhou and S. Subramaniam, 'Survivability in optical networks,' IEE Network 14, 16-23 (2000).

Zhu, K.

C. Ou, H. Zang, N. Singhal, K. Zhu, L. Sahasrabuddhe, R. MacDonald, and B. Mukherjee, 'Subpath protection for scalability and fast recovery in optical WDM mesh networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1859-1875 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEE Network (1)

D. Zhou and S. Subramaniam, 'Survivability in optical networks,' IEE Network 14, 16-23 (2000).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

P. D. Dobbelaere, K. Falta, L. Fan, S. Gloeckner, and S. Patra, 'Digital MEMS for optical switching,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 88-95 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Ali, 'Sharability in optical networks: beyond bandwidth optimization,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, 11-15 (2004).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (3)

C. Ou, H. Zang, N. Singhal, K. Zhu, L. Sahasrabuddhe, R. MacDonald, and B. Mukherjee, 'Subpath protection for scalability and fast recovery in optical WDM mesh networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1859-1875 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Ali and J. S. Deogun, 'Power-efficient design of multicast wavelength-routed networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1852-1862 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Waxman, 'Routing of multipoint connections,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 6, 1617-1622 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

I. Chlamtac, A. Ganz, and G. Karmi, 'Lightpath communications: an approach to high bandwidth optical WANs,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1171-1182 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst. (1)

Y. Yang, J. Wang, and C. Qiao, 'Nonblocking WDM multicast switching networks,' IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst. 11, 1274-1287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst.. (1)

Y. Yang and J. Wang, 'Cost-effective designs of WDM optical interconnects,' IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst.. 16, 51-66 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (2)

G. Mohan, C. S. R. Murthy, and A. K. Somani, 'Efficient algorithms for routing dependable connections in WDM optical networks,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 9, 553-566 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Chow, F. Chudak, and A. M. French, 'Fast optical layer mesh protection using pre-cross-connected trails,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 12, 539-548 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

J. Photon. Netw. Commun. (1)

N. M. Bhide, K. M. Sivalingam, and T. Fabry-Asztalos, 'Routing mechanisms employing adaptive weight functions for shortest path routing in multiwavelength optical WDM networks,' J. Photon. Netw. Commun. 3, 227-236 (2001).

Opt. Netw. Mag. (1)

H. Zang, J. P. Jue, and B. Mukherjee, 'A review of routing and wavelength assignment approaches for wavelength-routed optical WDM networks,' Opt. Netw. Mag. 1, 47-60 (2000).

Proc. IEEE (1)

M. S. Borella, J. P. Jue, D. Banerjee, B. Ramamurthy, and B. Mukherjee, 'Optical components for WDM lightwave networks,' Proc. IEEE 85, 1274-1307 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (8)

E. Modiano and A. Narula-Tam, 'Survivable routing of logical topologies in WDM networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM '01 (IEEE, 2001), pp. 348-357.

B. Wen and K. M. Sivalingam, 'Routing, wavelength and time-slot assignment in time division multiplexed wavelength-routed optical WDM networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM '02 (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 3, pp. 1442-1450.

R. Ramaswami and K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective, The Morgan Kaufmann Series in Networking, 2nd ed. (Morgan Kaufmann, 2002).

E. D. Manley, 'Optimizing switch resources for path protection in optical WDM mesh networks,' Master's thesis (University of Nebraska at Lincoln, 2006).

A. Todimala and B. Ramamurthy, 'A dynamic partitioning sub-path protection routing technique in WDM mesh networks,' in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications (ICCC), (IEEE, 2002), pp. 327-340.

S. Ramamurthy and B. Mukherjee, 'Survivable WDM mesh networks. Part I. protection,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM '99 (IEEE, 1999), pp. 744-751.

S. Gowda and K. M. Sivalingam, 'Protection mechanisms for optical WDM networks based on wavelength converters multiplexing and backup path relocation techniques,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM '03 (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 12-21.

X. Yang, L. Shen, and B. Ramamurthy, 'Maximizing resource sharing in WDM mesh network with path-based protection and sparse OEO regeneration,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2004).

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