Abstract

<p><a href="http://www.osa-jon.org/virtual_issue.cfm?vid=28">Feature Issue on Nanoscale Integrated Photonics for Optical Networks</a></p>Microring resonator devices implemented on silicon and silicon-on-insulator substrates have a unique potential to be used in high-bandwidth multiple-wavelength integrated photonic networks. A scheme for the wavelength allocation is proposed, and its feasibility is verified experimentally. The important system-level trade-offs that result from the proposed scheme, including those among bandwidth, device footprint, and electrical power consumption, are discussed as well.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  6. L. F. Stokes, M. Chodorow, and H. J. Shaw, ''All-single-mode fiber resonator,'' Opt. Lett. 7, 288-290 (1982).
  7. S. Tai, K. Kyuma, and T. Nakayama, ''Novel measuring method for spectral linewidth of laser diodes using fibre-optic ring resonator,'' Electron. Lett. 21, 91-93 (1985).
  8. K. Iwatsuki, H. Okamura, and M. Saruwatari, ''Wavelength-tunable single-frequency and single-polarization Er-doped fibre ring laser with 1.4 kHz linewidth,'' Electron. Lett. 26, 2033-2035 (1990).
  9. J. E. Heebner and R. W. Boyd, ''Enhanced all-optical switching by use of a nonlinear fiber ring resonator,'' Opt. Lett. 24, 847-849 (1999).
  10. J. Bismuth, P. Gidon, F. Revol, and S. Valette, ''Low-loss ring resonators fabricated from silicon based integrated optics technologies,'' Electron. Lett. 27, 722-724 (1991).
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    [CrossRef]
  13. L. Zhou and A. W. Poon, ''Silicon electro-optic modulators using p-i-n diodes embedded 10-micron-diameter microdisk resonators,'' Opt. Express 14, 6851-6857 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  23. R. S. Soref and B. E. Little, ''Proposed N-wavelength M-fiber WDM crossconnect switch using active microring resonators,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1121-1123 (1998).
  24. B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, and Y. Kokubun, ''Microring resonator arrays for VLSI photonics,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 323-325 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  25. B. A. Small, B. G. Lee, K. Bergman, Q. Xu, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, ''High data rate signal integrity in micron-scale silicon ring resonators,'' in Proceeding of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CTuCC4.
  26. B. G. Lee, B. A. Small, K. Bergman, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, ''Transmission of high-data-rate optical signals through a micrometer-scale silicon ring resonator,'' Opt. Lett. 31, 2701-2703 (2006).
  27. B. A. Small, B. G. Lee, and K. Bergman, ''On cascades of resonators for high-bandwidth integrated optical interconnection networks,'' Opt. Express 14, 10811-10818 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  28. R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, ''Electrooptical effects in silicon,'' IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123-129 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  29. S. J. Emelett and R. Soref, ''Design and simulation of silicon microring optical routing switches,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1800-1807 (2005).
  30. P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, B. E. Little, P. S. Cho, R. A. Wilson, L. G. Joneckis, and P.-T. Ho, ''Wavelength conversion in GaAs micro-ring resonators,'' Opt. Lett. 25, 554-556 (2000).
  31. C. Manolatou and M. Lipson, ''All-optical silicon modulators based on carrier injection by two-photon absorption,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1433-1439 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  32. E. Dulkeith, Y. A. Vlasov, X. Chen, N. C. Panoiu, and R. M. Osgood, ''Self-phase-modulation in submicron silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,'' Opt. Express 14, 5524-5534 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  33. R. L. Espinola, J. I. Dadap, R. M. Osgood, Jr., S. J. McNab, and Y. A. Vlasov, ''Raman amplification in ultrasmall silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,'' Opt. Express 12, 3713-3718 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  34. Ö. Boyraz, P. Koonath, V. Raghunathan, and B. Jalali, ''All optical switching and continuum generation in silicon waveguides,'' Opt. Express 12, 4094-4102 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  35. V. R. Almeida, R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, ''Nanotaper for compact mode conversion,'' Opt. Lett. 28, 1302-1304 (2003).
  36. A. Yariv, ''Critical coupling and its control in optical waveguide-ring resonator systems,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 483-485 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  37. R. H. Caverly and G. Hiller, ''The frequency-dependent impedance of p-i-n diodes,'' IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 37, 787-790 (1989).

2006

L. Zhou and A. W. Poon, ''Silicon electro-optic modulators using p-i-n diodes embedded 10-micron-diameter microdisk resonators,'' Opt. Express 14, 6851-6857 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, ''Cascaded silicon micro-ring modulators for WDM optical interconnection,'' Opt. Express 14, 9430-9435 (2006).

A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, S. Etemad, J. Jackel, J. Young, T. Banwell, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Chen, W. Chen, J. Hryniewicz, F. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, R. Davidson, K. Donovan, and P. J. Delfyett, ''Fully programmable ring-resonator-based integrated photonic circuit for phase coherent applications,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 77-87 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. A. Small, B. G. Lee, K. Bergman, Q. Xu, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, ''High data rate signal integrity in micron-scale silicon ring resonators,'' in Proceeding of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CTuCC4.

B. G. Lee, B. A. Small, K. Bergman, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, ''Transmission of high-data-rate optical signals through a micrometer-scale silicon ring resonator,'' Opt. Lett. 31, 2701-2703 (2006).

B. A. Small, B. G. Lee, and K. Bergman, ''On cascades of resonators for high-bandwidth integrated optical interconnection networks,'' Opt. Express 14, 10811-10818 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Manolatou and M. Lipson, ''All-optical silicon modulators based on carrier injection by two-photon absorption,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1433-1439 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Dulkeith, Y. A. Vlasov, X. Chen, N. C. Panoiu, and R. M. Osgood, ''Self-phase-modulation in submicron silicon-on-insulator photonic wires,'' Opt. Express 14, 5524-5534 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

2003

2002

A. Yariv, ''Critical coupling and its control in optical waveguide-ring resonator systems,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 483-485 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Heebner, R. W. Boyd, and Q.-H. Park, ''SCISSOR solitons and other novel propagation effects in microresonator-modified waveguides,'' J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 722-731 (2002).

2000

J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, B. E. Little, R. A. Wilson, and P.-T. Ho, ''Higher order filter response in coupled microring resonators,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 320-322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, and Y. Kokubun, ''Microring resonator arrays for VLSI photonics,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 323-325 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. A. B. Miller, ''Rationale and challenges for optical interconnects to electronic chips,'' Proc. IEEE 88, 728-748 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, B. E. Little, P. S. Cho, R. A. Wilson, L. G. Joneckis, and P.-T. Ho, ''Wavelength conversion in GaAs micro-ring resonators,'' Opt. Lett. 25, 554-556 (2000).

1999

1998

R. S. Soref and B. E. Little, ''Proposed N-wavelength M-fiber WDM crossconnect switch using active microring resonators,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1121-1123 (1998).

D. Rafizadeh, J. P. Zhang, R. C. Tiberio, and S. T. Ho, ''Propagation loss measurements in semiconductor microcavity ring and disk resonators,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1308-1314 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, ''Ultra-compact Si-SiO2 microring resonator optical channel dropping filters,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549-551 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1992

Y. Hida, S. Imamura, and T. Izawa, ''Ring resonator composed of low loss polymer waveguides at 1.3 μm,'' Electron. Lett. 28, 1314-1316 (1992).

1991

J. Bismuth, P. Gidon, F. Revol, and S. Valette, ''Low-loss ring resonators fabricated from silicon based integrated optics technologies,'' Electron. Lett. 27, 722-724 (1991).

1990

K. Iwatsuki, H. Okamura, and M. Saruwatari, ''Wavelength-tunable single-frequency and single-polarization Er-doped fibre ring laser with 1.4 kHz linewidth,'' Electron. Lett. 26, 2033-2035 (1990).

1989

R. H. Caverly and G. Hiller, ''The frequency-dependent impedance of p-i-n diodes,'' IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 37, 787-790 (1989).

1987

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, ''Electrooptical effects in silicon,'' IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123-129 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1985

S. Tai, K. Kyuma, and T. Nakayama, ''Novel measuring method for spectral linewidth of laser diodes using fibre-optic ring resonator,'' Electron. Lett. 21, 91-93 (1985).

1982

J. E. Bowers, S. A. Newton, W. V. Sorin, and H. J. Shaw, ''Filter response of single-mode fibre recirculating delay lines,'' Electron. Lett. 18, 110-111 (1982).

L. F. Stokes, M. Chodorow, and H. J. Shaw, ''All-single-mode fiber resonator,'' Opt. Lett. 7, 288-290 (1982).

Absil, P. P.

J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, B. E. Little, R. A. Wilson, and P.-T. Ho, ''Higher order filter response in coupled microring resonators,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 320-322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, B. E. Little, P. S. Cho, R. A. Wilson, L. G. Joneckis, and P.-T. Ho, ''Wavelength conversion in GaAs micro-ring resonators,'' Opt. Lett. 25, 554-556 (2000).

Agarwal, A.

Almeida, V. R.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, ''All-optical control of light on a silicon chip,'' Nature 431, 1081-1084 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Almeida, R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, ''Nanotaper for compact mode conversion,'' Opt. Lett. 28, 1302-1304 (2003).

Banwell, T.

Barrios, C. A.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, ''All-optical control of light on a silicon chip,'' Nature 431, 1081-1084 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bennett, B. R.

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, ''Electrooptical effects in silicon,'' IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123-129 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, K.

B. G. Lee, B. A. Small, K. Bergman, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, ''Transmission of high-data-rate optical signals through a micrometer-scale silicon ring resonator,'' Opt. Lett. 31, 2701-2703 (2006).

B. A. Small, B. G. Lee, and K. Bergman, ''On cascades of resonators for high-bandwidth integrated optical interconnection networks,'' Opt. Express 14, 10811-10818 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. A. Small, B. G. Lee, K. Bergman, Q. Xu, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, ''High data rate signal integrity in micron-scale silicon ring resonators,'' in Proceeding of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CTuCC4.

Bismuth, J.

J. Bismuth, P. Gidon, F. Revol, and S. Valette, ''Low-loss ring resonators fabricated from silicon based integrated optics technologies,'' Electron. Lett. 27, 722-724 (1991).

Bowers, J. E.

J. E. Bowers, S. A. Newton, W. V. Sorin, and H. J. Shaw, ''Filter response of single-mode fibre recirculating delay lines,'' Electron. Lett. 18, 110-111 (1982).

Boyd, R. W.

Boyraz, Ö.

Caverly, R. H.

R. H. Caverly and G. Hiller, ''The frequency-dependent impedance of p-i-n diodes,'' IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 37, 787-790 (1989).

Chen, W.

Chen, X.

Cho, P. S.

Chodorow, M.

Chu, S. T.

A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, S. Etemad, J. Jackel, J. Young, T. Banwell, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Chen, W. Chen, J. Hryniewicz, F. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, R. Davidson, K. Donovan, and P. J. Delfyett, ''Fully programmable ring-resonator-based integrated photonic circuit for phase coherent applications,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 77-87 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, and Y. Kokubun, ''Microring resonator arrays for VLSI photonics,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 323-325 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, ''Ultra-compact Si-SiO2 microring resonator optical channel dropping filters,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549-551 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dadap, J. I.

Dally, W. J.

W. J. Dally and B. Towles, Principles and Practices of Interconnection Networks (Morgan Kaufmann, 2004).

Davidson, R.

Delfyett, P. J.

Donovan, K.

Dulkeith, E.

Emelett, S. J.

Espinola, R. L.

Etemad, S.

Foresi, J. S.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, ''Ultra-compact Si-SiO2 microring resonator optical channel dropping filters,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549-551 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gidon, P.

J. Bismuth, P. Gidon, F. Revol, and S. Valette, ''Low-loss ring resonators fabricated from silicon based integrated optics technologies,'' Electron. Lett. 27, 722-724 (1991).

Gill, D.

Greene, W.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, ''Ultra-compact Si-SiO2 microring resonator optical channel dropping filters,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549-551 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, ''Ultra-compact Si-SiO2 microring resonator optical channel dropping filters,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549-551 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Heebner, J. E.

Hida, Y.

Y. Hida, S. Imamura, and T. Izawa, ''Ring resonator composed of low loss polymer waveguides at 1.3 μm,'' Electron. Lett. 28, 1314-1316 (1992).

Hiller, G.

R. H. Caverly and G. Hiller, ''The frequency-dependent impedance of p-i-n diodes,'' IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 37, 787-790 (1989).

Ho, P.-T.

P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, B. E. Little, P. S. Cho, R. A. Wilson, L. G. Joneckis, and P.-T. Ho, ''Wavelength conversion in GaAs micro-ring resonators,'' Opt. Lett. 25, 554-556 (2000).

J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, B. E. Little, R. A. Wilson, and P.-T. Ho, ''Higher order filter response in coupled microring resonators,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 320-322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ho, S. T.

Hryniewicz, J.

Hryniewicz, J. V.

P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, B. E. Little, P. S. Cho, R. A. Wilson, L. G. Joneckis, and P.-T. Ho, ''Wavelength conversion in GaAs micro-ring resonators,'' Opt. Lett. 25, 554-556 (2000).

J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, B. E. Little, R. A. Wilson, and P.-T. Ho, ''Higher order filter response in coupled microring resonators,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 320-322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Imamura, S.

Y. Hida, S. Imamura, and T. Izawa, ''Ring resonator composed of low loss polymer waveguides at 1.3 μm,'' Electron. Lett. 28, 1314-1316 (1992).

Ippen, E. P.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, ''Ultra-compact Si-SiO2 microring resonator optical channel dropping filters,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549-551 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Iwatsuki, K.

K. Iwatsuki, H. Okamura, and M. Saruwatari, ''Wavelength-tunable single-frequency and single-polarization Er-doped fibre ring laser with 1.4 kHz linewidth,'' Electron. Lett. 26, 2033-2035 (1990).

Izawa, T.

Y. Hida, S. Imamura, and T. Izawa, ''Ring resonator composed of low loss polymer waveguides at 1.3 μm,'' Electron. Lett. 28, 1314-1316 (1992).

Jackel, J.

Jalali, B.

Johnson, F.

Joneckis, L. G.

Kaalund, C. J.

Kimerling, L. C.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, ''Ultra-compact Si-SiO2 microring resonator optical channel dropping filters,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549-551 (1998).
[CrossRef]

King, O.

Kokubun, Y.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, and Y. Kokubun, ''Microring resonator arrays for VLSI photonics,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 323-325 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Koonath, P.

Kyuma, K.

S. Tai, K. Kyuma, and T. Nakayama, ''Novel measuring method for spectral linewidth of laser diodes using fibre-optic ring resonator,'' Electron. Lett. 21, 91-93 (1985).

Lee, B. G.

B. G. Lee, B. A. Small, K. Bergman, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, ''Transmission of high-data-rate optical signals through a micrometer-scale silicon ring resonator,'' Opt. Lett. 31, 2701-2703 (2006).

B. A. Small, B. G. Lee, and K. Bergman, ''On cascades of resonators for high-bandwidth integrated optical interconnection networks,'' Opt. Express 14, 10811-10818 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. A. Small, B. G. Lee, K. Bergman, Q. Xu, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, ''High data rate signal integrity in micron-scale silicon ring resonators,'' in Proceeding of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CTuCC4.

Lee, R. K.

Lipson, M.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, ''Cascaded silicon micro-ring modulators for WDM optical interconnection,'' Opt. Express 14, 9430-9435 (2006).

B. G. Lee, B. A. Small, K. Bergman, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, ''Transmission of high-data-rate optical signals through a micrometer-scale silicon ring resonator,'' Opt. Lett. 31, 2701-2703 (2006).

B. A. Small, B. G. Lee, K. Bergman, Q. Xu, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, ''High data rate signal integrity in micron-scale silicon ring resonators,'' in Proceeding of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CTuCC4.

C. Manolatou and M. Lipson, ''All-optical silicon modulators based on carrier injection by two-photon absorption,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1433-1439 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, ''Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,'' Nature 435, 325-327 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Lipson, ''Guiding, modulating, and emitting light on silicon--challenges and opportunities,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 4222-4238 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, ''All-optical control of light on a silicon chip,'' Nature 431, 1081-1084 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Almeida, R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, ''Nanotaper for compact mode conversion,'' Opt. Lett. 28, 1302-1304 (2003).

Little, B. E.

A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, S. Etemad, J. Jackel, J. Young, T. Banwell, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Chen, W. Chen, J. Hryniewicz, F. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, R. Davidson, K. Donovan, and P. J. Delfyett, ''Fully programmable ring-resonator-based integrated photonic circuit for phase coherent applications,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 77-87 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, B. E. Little, P. S. Cho, R. A. Wilson, L. G. Joneckis, and P.-T. Ho, ''Wavelength conversion in GaAs micro-ring resonators,'' Opt. Lett. 25, 554-556 (2000).

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, and Y. Kokubun, ''Microring resonator arrays for VLSI photonics,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 323-325 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, B. E. Little, R. A. Wilson, and P.-T. Ho, ''Higher order filter response in coupled microring resonators,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 320-322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, ''Ultra-compact Si-SiO2 microring resonator optical channel dropping filters,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549-551 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Soref and B. E. Little, ''Proposed N-wavelength M-fiber WDM crossconnect switch using active microring resonators,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1121-1123 (1998).

Manolatou, C.

McNab, S. J.

Menendez, R.

Miller, D. A. B.

D. A. B. Miller, ''Rationale and challenges for optical interconnects to electronic chips,'' Proc. IEEE 88, 728-748 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nakayama, T.

S. Tai, K. Kyuma, and T. Nakayama, ''Novel measuring method for spectral linewidth of laser diodes using fibre-optic ring resonator,'' Electron. Lett. 21, 91-93 (1985).

Newton, S. A.

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S. Tai, K. Kyuma, and T. Nakayama, ''Novel measuring method for spectral linewidth of laser diodes using fibre-optic ring resonator,'' Electron. Lett. 21, 91-93 (1985).

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B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, ''Ultra-compact Si-SiO2 microring resonator optical channel dropping filters,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549-551 (1998).
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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, ''Ultra-compact Si-SiO2 microring resonator optical channel dropping filters,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549-551 (1998).
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[CrossRef]

K. J. Vahala, ''Optical microcavities,'' Nature 424, 837-846 (2003).

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, ''Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,'' Nature 435, 325-327 (2005).
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Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. IEEE

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Other

B. A. Small, B. G. Lee, K. Bergman, Q. Xu, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, ''High data rate signal integrity in micron-scale silicon ring resonators,'' in Proceeding of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CTuCC4.

W. J. Dally and B. Towles, Principles and Practices of Interconnection Networks (Morgan Kaufmann, 2004).

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