Abstract

<p><a href="http://www.osa-jon.org/virtual_issue.cfm?vid=16">Feature Issue on High Availability in Optical Networks</a></p>After many years of research and industry efforts, ultralong-haul (ULH) technologies for DWDM transport are maturing, and carriers are deploying them for high capacity and capital savings. Unlike opaque optical networks, it is still uncertain how best to restore an all-optical ULH network after failure. This paper focuses on this issue and proposes a standby restoration scheme and its variants with different restoration speed and associated restoration cost. Our observations suggest that the proposed hot standby scheme would yield both faster restoration and cost efficiencies compared with other schemes.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. 'MCI Picks Ciena and Siemens for ULH,' http://www.lightreading.com/document.asp?doclowbarid=48055.
  2. A. Boskovic, M. Sharma, N. Antoniades, and M. Lee, 'Broadcast and select OADM nodes: application and performance trade-offs,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002) (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuX2.
  3. E. Ranalli, B. A. Scott, and J. P. Kondis, 'Liquid-crystal based wavelength selectable crossconnect,' in European Conference on Optical Communication (IEE, 1999), pp. 68-69.
  4. J. Strand and A. Chiu, 'Realizing the advantages of optical reconfigurability and restoration with integrated optical cross-connects,' J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2871-2882. (2003).
  5. G. Li, W. Wang, and C. Kalmaneck, 'Efficient distributed path selection for shared restoration connections,' in Infocom 2002 (IEEE, 2002), 699-708.
  6. R. Doverspike, G. Sahin, J. L. Strand, and R. W. Tkach, 'Fast restoration in a mesh network of optical XCs,' in Digest of Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper TuL3.
  7. T1.105.01, 'Synchronous Optical Network (SONET)--Automatic Protection' (American National Standards Institute, 1999).
  8. J. Strand, 'Optical network architecture evolution,' in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB, I.Kaminow and T.Li, eds. (Academic, 2002), p. 111.
  9. B. Cortez, 'The emerging intelligent optical network: now a reality,' in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 224-225.
  10. W. Grover and D. Stamatelakis, 'Bridging the ring-mesh dichotomy with p-cycles,' in Design of Reliable Communications Networks (IEEE, 2000), pp. 92-104.
  11. 'CoreDirector: Multiservice Optical Switch,' http://www.ciena.com/products/productslowbar299.htm.
  12. O. Gerstel, P. Lin, and G. H. Sasaki, 'Wavelength assignment in WDM rings to minimize system cost instead of number of wavelengths,' in INFOCOM 1998 (IEEE, 1998), pp. 94-101.
  13. G. Li and R. Simha, 'Efficient routing to reduce the cost of ADM in WDM optical ring networks,' in Proc. SPIE 3843, 258-267 (1999).
  14. ANSI, 'Synchronous optical network (SONET)--automatic protection switching,' T1.105.01 (1996).
  15. G. Li, A. Chiu, and J. Strand, 'Failure recovery schemes in all-optical ULH networks,' presented at DRCN 2005, Island of Ischia (Naples), Italy, October, 2005.
  16. J. Choi and D. Guha, 'Fast end-to-end restoration mechanism with SRLG using centralized control' (Network Working Group, 2006), www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-choi-pce-e2e-centralized-restoration-srlg-05.txt
  17. A. Autenrieth, 'Recovery time analysis of differentiated resilience in MPLS,' in DRCN 2003 (IEEE, 2003), pp. 333-340.
  18. P. Lin, 'Reducing optical power variation in amplified optical network,' in Communication Technology Proceedings, ICCT (China Institute of Communications, 2003), pp. 42-47.
  19. G. Li, J. Yates, R. Doverspike, and D. Wang, 'Experiments in fast restoration using GMPLS in optical/electronic mesh networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2001), Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), postdeadline paper PD34.
  20. R. Sinha, F. Yu, and B. Doverspike, 'Performance study of mesh restoration,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2005) (Optical Society of America, 2005) paper OTuK2.
  21. Y. Xiong and L. Mason, 'Restoration strategies and spare capacity requirements in self-healing ATM networks,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 7, 98-110 (1999).

2003 (1)

1999 (1)

Y. Xiong and L. Mason, 'Restoration strategies and spare capacity requirements in self-healing ATM networks,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 7, 98-110 (1999).

Antoniades, N.

A. Boskovic, M. Sharma, N. Antoniades, and M. Lee, 'Broadcast and select OADM nodes: application and performance trade-offs,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002) (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuX2.

Autenrieth, A.

A. Autenrieth, 'Recovery time analysis of differentiated resilience in MPLS,' in DRCN 2003 (IEEE, 2003), pp. 333-340.

Boskovic, A.

A. Boskovic, M. Sharma, N. Antoniades, and M. Lee, 'Broadcast and select OADM nodes: application and performance trade-offs,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002) (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuX2.

Chiu, A.

J. Strand and A. Chiu, 'Realizing the advantages of optical reconfigurability and restoration with integrated optical cross-connects,' J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2871-2882. (2003).

G. Li, A. Chiu, and J. Strand, 'Failure recovery schemes in all-optical ULH networks,' presented at DRCN 2005, Island of Ischia (Naples), Italy, October, 2005.

Choi, J.

J. Choi and D. Guha, 'Fast end-to-end restoration mechanism with SRLG using centralized control' (Network Working Group, 2006), www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-choi-pce-e2e-centralized-restoration-srlg-05.txt

Cortez, B.

B. Cortez, 'The emerging intelligent optical network: now a reality,' in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 224-225.

Doverspike, B.

R. Sinha, F. Yu, and B. Doverspike, 'Performance study of mesh restoration,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2005) (Optical Society of America, 2005) paper OTuK2.

Doverspike, R.

G. Li, J. Yates, R. Doverspike, and D. Wang, 'Experiments in fast restoration using GMPLS in optical/electronic mesh networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2001), Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), postdeadline paper PD34.

R. Doverspike, G. Sahin, J. L. Strand, and R. W. Tkach, 'Fast restoration in a mesh network of optical XCs,' in Digest of Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper TuL3.

Gerstel, O.

O. Gerstel, P. Lin, and G. H. Sasaki, 'Wavelength assignment in WDM rings to minimize system cost instead of number of wavelengths,' in INFOCOM 1998 (IEEE, 1998), pp. 94-101.

Grover, W.

W. Grover and D. Stamatelakis, 'Bridging the ring-mesh dichotomy with p-cycles,' in Design of Reliable Communications Networks (IEEE, 2000), pp. 92-104.

Guha, D.

J. Choi and D. Guha, 'Fast end-to-end restoration mechanism with SRLG using centralized control' (Network Working Group, 2006), www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-choi-pce-e2e-centralized-restoration-srlg-05.txt

Kalmaneck, C.

G. Li, W. Wang, and C. Kalmaneck, 'Efficient distributed path selection for shared restoration connections,' in Infocom 2002 (IEEE, 2002), 699-708.

Kondis, J. P.

E. Ranalli, B. A. Scott, and J. P. Kondis, 'Liquid-crystal based wavelength selectable crossconnect,' in European Conference on Optical Communication (IEE, 1999), pp. 68-69.

Lee, M.

A. Boskovic, M. Sharma, N. Antoniades, and M. Lee, 'Broadcast and select OADM nodes: application and performance trade-offs,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002) (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuX2.

Li, G.

G. Li, W. Wang, and C. Kalmaneck, 'Efficient distributed path selection for shared restoration connections,' in Infocom 2002 (IEEE, 2002), 699-708.

G. Li, J. Yates, R. Doverspike, and D. Wang, 'Experiments in fast restoration using GMPLS in optical/electronic mesh networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2001), Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), postdeadline paper PD34.

G. Li and R. Simha, 'Efficient routing to reduce the cost of ADM in WDM optical ring networks,' in Proc. SPIE 3843, 258-267 (1999).

G. Li, A. Chiu, and J. Strand, 'Failure recovery schemes in all-optical ULH networks,' presented at DRCN 2005, Island of Ischia (Naples), Italy, October, 2005.

Lin, P.

O. Gerstel, P. Lin, and G. H. Sasaki, 'Wavelength assignment in WDM rings to minimize system cost instead of number of wavelengths,' in INFOCOM 1998 (IEEE, 1998), pp. 94-101.

P. Lin, 'Reducing optical power variation in amplified optical network,' in Communication Technology Proceedings, ICCT (China Institute of Communications, 2003), pp. 42-47.

Mason, L.

Y. Xiong and L. Mason, 'Restoration strategies and spare capacity requirements in self-healing ATM networks,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 7, 98-110 (1999).

Ranalli, E.

E. Ranalli, B. A. Scott, and J. P. Kondis, 'Liquid-crystal based wavelength selectable crossconnect,' in European Conference on Optical Communication (IEE, 1999), pp. 68-69.

Sahin, G.

R. Doverspike, G. Sahin, J. L. Strand, and R. W. Tkach, 'Fast restoration in a mesh network of optical XCs,' in Digest of Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper TuL3.

Sasaki, G. H.

O. Gerstel, P. Lin, and G. H. Sasaki, 'Wavelength assignment in WDM rings to minimize system cost instead of number of wavelengths,' in INFOCOM 1998 (IEEE, 1998), pp. 94-101.

Scott, B. A.

E. Ranalli, B. A. Scott, and J. P. Kondis, 'Liquid-crystal based wavelength selectable crossconnect,' in European Conference on Optical Communication (IEE, 1999), pp. 68-69.

Sharma, M.

A. Boskovic, M. Sharma, N. Antoniades, and M. Lee, 'Broadcast and select OADM nodes: application and performance trade-offs,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002) (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuX2.

Simha, R.

G. Li and R. Simha, 'Efficient routing to reduce the cost of ADM in WDM optical ring networks,' in Proc. SPIE 3843, 258-267 (1999).

Sinha, R.

R. Sinha, F. Yu, and B. Doverspike, 'Performance study of mesh restoration,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2005) (Optical Society of America, 2005) paper OTuK2.

Stamatelakis, D.

W. Grover and D. Stamatelakis, 'Bridging the ring-mesh dichotomy with p-cycles,' in Design of Reliable Communications Networks (IEEE, 2000), pp. 92-104.

Strand, J.

J. Strand and A. Chiu, 'Realizing the advantages of optical reconfigurability and restoration with integrated optical cross-connects,' J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2871-2882. (2003).

J. Strand, 'Optical network architecture evolution,' in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB, I.Kaminow and T.Li, eds. (Academic, 2002), p. 111.

G. Li, A. Chiu, and J. Strand, 'Failure recovery schemes in all-optical ULH networks,' presented at DRCN 2005, Island of Ischia (Naples), Italy, October, 2005.

Strand, J. L.

R. Doverspike, G. Sahin, J. L. Strand, and R. W. Tkach, 'Fast restoration in a mesh network of optical XCs,' in Digest of Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper TuL3.

Tkach, R. W.

R. Doverspike, G. Sahin, J. L. Strand, and R. W. Tkach, 'Fast restoration in a mesh network of optical XCs,' in Digest of Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper TuL3.

Wang, D.

G. Li, J. Yates, R. Doverspike, and D. Wang, 'Experiments in fast restoration using GMPLS in optical/electronic mesh networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2001), Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), postdeadline paper PD34.

Wang, W.

G. Li, W. Wang, and C. Kalmaneck, 'Efficient distributed path selection for shared restoration connections,' in Infocom 2002 (IEEE, 2002), 699-708.

Xiong, Y.

Y. Xiong and L. Mason, 'Restoration strategies and spare capacity requirements in self-healing ATM networks,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 7, 98-110 (1999).

Yates, J.

G. Li, J. Yates, R. Doverspike, and D. Wang, 'Experiments in fast restoration using GMPLS in optical/electronic mesh networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2001), Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), postdeadline paper PD34.

Yu, F.

R. Sinha, F. Yu, and B. Doverspike, 'Performance study of mesh restoration,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2005) (Optical Society of America, 2005) paper OTuK2.

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (1)

Y. Xiong and L. Mason, 'Restoration strategies and spare capacity requirements in self-healing ATM networks,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 7, 98-110 (1999).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Other (19)

G. Li, W. Wang, and C. Kalmaneck, 'Efficient distributed path selection for shared restoration connections,' in Infocom 2002 (IEEE, 2002), 699-708.

R. Doverspike, G. Sahin, J. L. Strand, and R. W. Tkach, 'Fast restoration in a mesh network of optical XCs,' in Digest of Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper TuL3.

T1.105.01, 'Synchronous Optical Network (SONET)--Automatic Protection' (American National Standards Institute, 1999).

J. Strand, 'Optical network architecture evolution,' in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB, I.Kaminow and T.Li, eds. (Academic, 2002), p. 111.

B. Cortez, 'The emerging intelligent optical network: now a reality,' in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 224-225.

W. Grover and D. Stamatelakis, 'Bridging the ring-mesh dichotomy with p-cycles,' in Design of Reliable Communications Networks (IEEE, 2000), pp. 92-104.

'CoreDirector: Multiservice Optical Switch,' http://www.ciena.com/products/productslowbar299.htm.

O. Gerstel, P. Lin, and G. H. Sasaki, 'Wavelength assignment in WDM rings to minimize system cost instead of number of wavelengths,' in INFOCOM 1998 (IEEE, 1998), pp. 94-101.

G. Li and R. Simha, 'Efficient routing to reduce the cost of ADM in WDM optical ring networks,' in Proc. SPIE 3843, 258-267 (1999).

ANSI, 'Synchronous optical network (SONET)--automatic protection switching,' T1.105.01 (1996).

G. Li, A. Chiu, and J. Strand, 'Failure recovery schemes in all-optical ULH networks,' presented at DRCN 2005, Island of Ischia (Naples), Italy, October, 2005.

J. Choi and D. Guha, 'Fast end-to-end restoration mechanism with SRLG using centralized control' (Network Working Group, 2006), www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-choi-pce-e2e-centralized-restoration-srlg-05.txt

A. Autenrieth, 'Recovery time analysis of differentiated resilience in MPLS,' in DRCN 2003 (IEEE, 2003), pp. 333-340.

P. Lin, 'Reducing optical power variation in amplified optical network,' in Communication Technology Proceedings, ICCT (China Institute of Communications, 2003), pp. 42-47.

G. Li, J. Yates, R. Doverspike, and D. Wang, 'Experiments in fast restoration using GMPLS in optical/electronic mesh networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2001), Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), postdeadline paper PD34.

R. Sinha, F. Yu, and B. Doverspike, 'Performance study of mesh restoration,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2005) (Optical Society of America, 2005) paper OTuK2.

'MCI Picks Ciena and Siemens for ULH,' http://www.lightreading.com/document.asp?doclowbarid=48055.

A. Boskovic, M. Sharma, N. Antoniades, and M. Lee, 'Broadcast and select OADM nodes: application and performance trade-offs,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002) (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuX2.

E. Ranalli, B. A. Scott, and J. P. Kondis, 'Liquid-crystal based wavelength selectable crossconnect,' in European Conference on Optical Communication (IEE, 1999), pp. 68-69.

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