Abstract

We investigate the problem of designing scalable wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) optical interconnects with reduced hardware complexity. We present a new WDM interconnect based on the well-known three-stage Clos network. For scalability purposes, any wavelength conversion occurs between two predefined wavelengths, eliminating the need for any full- or wide-range wavelength converters. We show that the new design provides better scalability at a reduced hardware complexity compared with most of the recent best interconnect designs. We also show that the proposed interconnect admits existing routing algorithms for the three-stage space Clos network with simple extensions.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. G. Wilfong, B. Mikkelsen, C. Doerr, and M. Zirngibl, ''WDM cross-connect architectures with reduced complexity,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1732-1741 (1999).
  2. Y. Yang and J. Wang, ''Designing WDM optical interconnects with full connectivity by using limited wavelength conversion,'' IEEE Trans. Comput. 53, 1547-1556 (2004).
  3. Y. Yang and J. Wang, ''Cost-effective designs of WDM optical interconnects,'' IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst. 16, 51-66 (2005).
  4. T. E. Stern and K. Bala, Multiwavelength Optical Networks: a Layered Approach (Addison-Wesley, 1999).
  5. H. S. Hamza and J. S. Deogun, ''Wavelength exchanging cross-connect (WEX)--a new class of photonic cross-connect architectures,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1101-1111 (2006).
  6. C. Clos, ''A study of non-blocking switching networks,'' Bell System Tech. J. 32, 407-424 (1958).
  7. A. C. Dasylva, D. Y. Montuno, and P. Kodaypak, ''Nonblocking space-wavelength networks with wave-mixing frequency conversion,'' J. Opt. Netw. 1, 206-216 (2002).
  8. A. Rasala and G. Wilfong, ''Strictly non-blocking WDM cross-connects,'' in Proceedings of the Eleventh Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms (SODA'02) (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2000), pp. 606-615.
  9. F. K. Hwang, ''A survey of nonblocking multicast three-stage Clos networks,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 34-37 (2003).
  10. H. J.Chao, K.-L. Deng, and Z. Jing, ''PetaStar: A petabit photonic packet switch,'' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1096-1112 (2003).
  11. H. J.Chao, Z. Jing, and S. Y. Liew, ''Matching algorithms for three-stage bufferless Clos network switches,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 46-54 (2003).
  12. H. Q. Ngo, D. Pan, and C. Qiao, ''Nonblocking WDM switches based on arrayed waveguide grating and limited wavelength conversion,'' in Proceedings of the 23rd Conference of the IEEE Communications Society (INFOCOM 2004) (IEEE, 2004).
  13. H. Q. Ngo, D. Pan, and Y. Yang, ''Optical switching networks with minimum number of limited range wavelength converters,'' in Proceedings of the 24th Conference of the IEEE Communications Society (INFOCOM 2005) (IEEE, 2005).
  14. J. Cheyns, C. Develder, E. Van Breusegem, D. Colle, F. De Turck, P. Lagasse, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, ''Clos lives on in optical packet switching,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, 114-121 (2003).
  15. K. Zhu, H. Zang, and B. Mukherjee, ''A comprehensive study on next-generation optical grooming switches,'' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1173-1186 (2003).
  16. N. Antoniades, S. J. B. Yoo, K. Bala, G. Ellinas, and T. E. Stern, ''An architecture for a wavelength-interchanging cross-connect utilizing parametric wavelength converters,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1113-1125 (1999).
  17. X. Qin and Y. Yang, ''Nonblocking WDM switching networks with full and limited wavelength conversion,'' IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 2032-2041 (2002).
  18. Y. Yang, J. Wang, and C. Qiao, ''Nonblocking WDM multicast switching networks,'' IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst. 11, 1274-1287 (2000).
  19. K.-C. Lee and V. O. K. Li, ''A wavelength-convertible optical network,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 962-970 (1993).
  20. N. P. Torrington-Smith, H. T. Mouftah, and M. H. Rahman, ''An evaluation of optical switch architectures utilizing wavelength converters,'' in Proceedings of Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (CCECE 2000) (IEEE, 2000), pp. 1008-1013.
  21. D. Pan, V. Anand, and H. Q. Ngo, ''Cost-effective constructions for nonblocking WDM multicast switching networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications 2004 (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1801-1805.
  22. J. Y. Hui, ''Switching and traffic theory for integrated broadband network,'' in Point-to-Point Multistage Circuit Switching (Kluwer, 1990), pp.53-83.
  23. A. Pattavina, ''Architectures and performance of optical packet switching nodes for IP networks,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1023-1032 (2005).
  24. A. Carena, M. D. Vaughn, R. Gaudino, M. Shell, and D. J. Blumenthal, ''An optical packet experimental routing architecture with label swapping capability,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2135-2145 (1998).
  25. D. K. Hunter, K. M. Guild, and J. D. Bainbridge, ''WASPNET: a wavelength-switched packet network,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 37, 120-129 (1999).
  26. H. S. Hamza and J. S. Deogun, ''On the design of a new Clos optical interconnect,'' Tech. Rep. TR-06-01-05 (University of Nebraska, 2005), manuscript under review.
  27. K. Moei, H. Takara, and M. Saruwatari, ''Wavelength interchange with an optical parametric loop mirror,'' Electron. Lett. 33, 520-522 (1997).
  28. K. Uesaka, K. K.-Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, ''Wavelength exchange in a highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber: theory and experiments,'' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 560-568 (2002).
  29. A. Chowdhury, S. C. Hagness, and L. McCaughan, ''Simultaneous optical wavelength interchange with a two-dimensional second-order nonlinear photonic crystal,'' Opt. Lett. 25, 832-834 (2000).
  30. D. C. Opferman and N. T. Tsao-Wu, ''On a class of rearrangeable switching networks, Part I: control algorithm,'' Bell Syst. Tech. J. 5, 1579-1600 (1971).
  31. T. T. Lee and S. Y. Liew, ''Parallel routing algorithms in Benes-Close networks,'' IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 1841-1847 (2002).

2006 (1)

H. S. Hamza and J. S. Deogun, ''Wavelength exchanging cross-connect (WEX)--a new class of photonic cross-connect architectures,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1101-1111 (2006).

2005 (4)

Y. Yang and J. Wang, ''Cost-effective designs of WDM optical interconnects,'' IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst. 16, 51-66 (2005).

H. Q. Ngo, D. Pan, and Y. Yang, ''Optical switching networks with minimum number of limited range wavelength converters,'' in Proceedings of the 24th Conference of the IEEE Communications Society (INFOCOM 2005) (IEEE, 2005).

A. Pattavina, ''Architectures and performance of optical packet switching nodes for IP networks,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1023-1032 (2005).

H. S. Hamza and J. S. Deogun, ''On the design of a new Clos optical interconnect,'' Tech. Rep. TR-06-01-05 (University of Nebraska, 2005), manuscript under review.

2004 (3)

H. Q. Ngo, D. Pan, and C. Qiao, ''Nonblocking WDM switches based on arrayed waveguide grating and limited wavelength conversion,'' in Proceedings of the 23rd Conference of the IEEE Communications Society (INFOCOM 2004) (IEEE, 2004).

D. Pan, V. Anand, and H. Q. Ngo, ''Cost-effective constructions for nonblocking WDM multicast switching networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications 2004 (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1801-1805.

Y. Yang and J. Wang, ''Designing WDM optical interconnects with full connectivity by using limited wavelength conversion,'' IEEE Trans. Comput. 53, 1547-1556 (2004).

2003 (5)

J. Cheyns, C. Develder, E. Van Breusegem, D. Colle, F. De Turck, P. Lagasse, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, ''Clos lives on in optical packet switching,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, 114-121 (2003).

K. Zhu, H. Zang, and B. Mukherjee, ''A comprehensive study on next-generation optical grooming switches,'' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1173-1186 (2003).

F. K. Hwang, ''A survey of nonblocking multicast three-stage Clos networks,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 34-37 (2003).

H. J.Chao, K.-L. Deng, and Z. Jing, ''PetaStar: A petabit photonic packet switch,'' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1096-1112 (2003).

H. J.Chao, Z. Jing, and S. Y. Liew, ''Matching algorithms for three-stage bufferless Clos network switches,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 46-54 (2003).

2002 (4)

X. Qin and Y. Yang, ''Nonblocking WDM switching networks with full and limited wavelength conversion,'' IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 2032-2041 (2002).

A. C. Dasylva, D. Y. Montuno, and P. Kodaypak, ''Nonblocking space-wavelength networks with wave-mixing frequency conversion,'' J. Opt. Netw. 1, 206-216 (2002).

K. Uesaka, K. K.-Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, ''Wavelength exchange in a highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber: theory and experiments,'' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 560-568 (2002).

T. T. Lee and S. Y. Liew, ''Parallel routing algorithms in Benes-Close networks,'' IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 1841-1847 (2002).

2000 (4)

A. Chowdhury, S. C. Hagness, and L. McCaughan, ''Simultaneous optical wavelength interchange with a two-dimensional second-order nonlinear photonic crystal,'' Opt. Lett. 25, 832-834 (2000).

N. P. Torrington-Smith, H. T. Mouftah, and M. H. Rahman, ''An evaluation of optical switch architectures utilizing wavelength converters,'' in Proceedings of Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (CCECE 2000) (IEEE, 2000), pp. 1008-1013.

A. Rasala and G. Wilfong, ''Strictly non-blocking WDM cross-connects,'' in Proceedings of the Eleventh Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms (SODA'02) (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2000), pp. 606-615.

Y. Yang, J. Wang, and C. Qiao, ''Nonblocking WDM multicast switching networks,'' IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst. 11, 1274-1287 (2000).

1999 (4)

N. Antoniades, S. J. B. Yoo, K. Bala, G. Ellinas, and T. E. Stern, ''An architecture for a wavelength-interchanging cross-connect utilizing parametric wavelength converters,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1113-1125 (1999).

G. Wilfong, B. Mikkelsen, C. Doerr, and M. Zirngibl, ''WDM cross-connect architectures with reduced complexity,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1732-1741 (1999).

T. E. Stern and K. Bala, Multiwavelength Optical Networks: a Layered Approach (Addison-Wesley, 1999).

D. K. Hunter, K. M. Guild, and J. D. Bainbridge, ''WASPNET: a wavelength-switched packet network,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 37, 120-129 (1999).

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

K. Moei, H. Takara, and M. Saruwatari, ''Wavelength interchange with an optical parametric loop mirror,'' Electron. Lett. 33, 520-522 (1997).

1993 (1)

K.-C. Lee and V. O. K. Li, ''A wavelength-convertible optical network,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 962-970 (1993).

1990 (1)

J. Y. Hui, ''Switching and traffic theory for integrated broadband network,'' in Point-to-Point Multistage Circuit Switching (Kluwer, 1990), pp.53-83.

1971 (1)

D. C. Opferman and N. T. Tsao-Wu, ''On a class of rearrangeable switching networks, Part I: control algorithm,'' Bell Syst. Tech. J. 5, 1579-1600 (1971).

1958 (1)

C. Clos, ''A study of non-blocking switching networks,'' Bell System Tech. J. 32, 407-424 (1958).

Anand, V.

D. Pan, V. Anand, and H. Q. Ngo, ''Cost-effective constructions for nonblocking WDM multicast switching networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications 2004 (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1801-1805.

Antoniades, N.

Bainbridge, J. D.

D. K. Hunter, K. M. Guild, and J. D. Bainbridge, ''WASPNET: a wavelength-switched packet network,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 37, 120-129 (1999).

Bala, K.

Blumenthal, D. J.

Carena, A.

Chao, H. J.

H. J.Chao, Z. Jing, and S. Y. Liew, ''Matching algorithms for three-stage bufferless Clos network switches,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 46-54 (2003).

H. J.Chao, K.-L. Deng, and Z. Jing, ''PetaStar: A petabit photonic packet switch,'' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1096-1112 (2003).

Cheyns, J.

J. Cheyns, C. Develder, E. Van Breusegem, D. Colle, F. De Turck, P. Lagasse, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, ''Clos lives on in optical packet switching,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, 114-121 (2003).

Chowdhury, A.

Clos, C.

C. Clos, ''A study of non-blocking switching networks,'' Bell System Tech. J. 32, 407-424 (1958).

Colle, D.

J. Cheyns, C. Develder, E. Van Breusegem, D. Colle, F. De Turck, P. Lagasse, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, ''Clos lives on in optical packet switching,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, 114-121 (2003).

Dasylva, A. C.

A. C. Dasylva, D. Y. Montuno, and P. Kodaypak, ''Nonblocking space-wavelength networks with wave-mixing frequency conversion,'' J. Opt. Netw. 1, 206-216 (2002).

De Turck, F.

J. Cheyns, C. Develder, E. Van Breusegem, D. Colle, F. De Turck, P. Lagasse, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, ''Clos lives on in optical packet switching,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, 114-121 (2003).

Demeester, P.

J. Cheyns, C. Develder, E. Van Breusegem, D. Colle, F. De Turck, P. Lagasse, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, ''Clos lives on in optical packet switching,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, 114-121 (2003).

Deng, K.-L.

H. J.Chao, K.-L. Deng, and Z. Jing, ''PetaStar: A petabit photonic packet switch,'' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1096-1112 (2003).

Deogun, J. S.

H. S. Hamza and J. S. Deogun, ''Wavelength exchanging cross-connect (WEX)--a new class of photonic cross-connect architectures,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1101-1111 (2006).

H. S. Hamza and J. S. Deogun, ''On the design of a new Clos optical interconnect,'' Tech. Rep. TR-06-01-05 (University of Nebraska, 2005), manuscript under review.

Develder, C.

J. Cheyns, C. Develder, E. Van Breusegem, D. Colle, F. De Turck, P. Lagasse, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, ''Clos lives on in optical packet switching,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, 114-121 (2003).

Doerr, C.

G. Wilfong, B. Mikkelsen, C. Doerr, and M. Zirngibl, ''WDM cross-connect architectures with reduced complexity,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1732-1741 (1999).

Ellinas, G.

Gaudino, R.

Guild, K. M.

D. K. Hunter, K. M. Guild, and J. D. Bainbridge, ''WASPNET: a wavelength-switched packet network,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 37, 120-129 (1999).

Hagness, S. C.

Hamza, H. S.

H. S. Hamza and J. S. Deogun, ''Wavelength exchanging cross-connect (WEX)--a new class of photonic cross-connect architectures,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1101-1111 (2006).

H. S. Hamza and J. S. Deogun, ''On the design of a new Clos optical interconnect,'' Tech. Rep. TR-06-01-05 (University of Nebraska, 2005), manuscript under review.

Hui, J. Y.

J. Y. Hui, ''Switching and traffic theory for integrated broadband network,'' in Point-to-Point Multistage Circuit Switching (Kluwer, 1990), pp.53-83.

Hunter, D. K.

D. K. Hunter, K. M. Guild, and J. D. Bainbridge, ''WASPNET: a wavelength-switched packet network,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 37, 120-129 (1999).

Hwang, F. K.

F. K. Hwang, ''A survey of nonblocking multicast three-stage Clos networks,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 34-37 (2003).

Jing, Z.

H. J.Chao, K.-L. Deng, and Z. Jing, ''PetaStar: A petabit photonic packet switch,'' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1096-1112 (2003).

H. J.Chao, Z. Jing, and S. Y. Liew, ''Matching algorithms for three-stage bufferless Clos network switches,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 46-54 (2003).

Kazovsky, L. G.

K. Uesaka, K. K.-Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, ''Wavelength exchange in a highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber: theory and experiments,'' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 560-568 (2002).

Kodaypak, P.

A. C. Dasylva, D. Y. Montuno, and P. Kodaypak, ''Nonblocking space-wavelength networks with wave-mixing frequency conversion,'' J. Opt. Netw. 1, 206-216 (2002).

Lagasse, P.

J. Cheyns, C. Develder, E. Van Breusegem, D. Colle, F. De Turck, P. Lagasse, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, ''Clos lives on in optical packet switching,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, 114-121 (2003).

Lee, K.-C.

K.-C. Lee and V. O. K. Li, ''A wavelength-convertible optical network,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 962-970 (1993).

Lee, T. T.

T. T. Lee and S. Y. Liew, ''Parallel routing algorithms in Benes-Close networks,'' IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 1841-1847 (2002).

Li, V. O. K.

K.-C. Lee and V. O. K. Li, ''A wavelength-convertible optical network,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 962-970 (1993).

Liew, S. Y.

H. J.Chao, Z. Jing, and S. Y. Liew, ''Matching algorithms for three-stage bufferless Clos network switches,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 46-54 (2003).

T. T. Lee and S. Y. Liew, ''Parallel routing algorithms in Benes-Close networks,'' IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 1841-1847 (2002).

Marhic, M. E.

K. Uesaka, K. K.-Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, ''Wavelength exchange in a highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber: theory and experiments,'' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 560-568 (2002).

McCaughan, L.

Mikkelsen, B.

G. Wilfong, B. Mikkelsen, C. Doerr, and M. Zirngibl, ''WDM cross-connect architectures with reduced complexity,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1732-1741 (1999).

Moei, K.

K. Moei, H. Takara, and M. Saruwatari, ''Wavelength interchange with an optical parametric loop mirror,'' Electron. Lett. 33, 520-522 (1997).

Montuno, D. Y.

A. C. Dasylva, D. Y. Montuno, and P. Kodaypak, ''Nonblocking space-wavelength networks with wave-mixing frequency conversion,'' J. Opt. Netw. 1, 206-216 (2002).

Mouftah, H. T.

N. P. Torrington-Smith, H. T. Mouftah, and M. H. Rahman, ''An evaluation of optical switch architectures utilizing wavelength converters,'' in Proceedings of Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (CCECE 2000) (IEEE, 2000), pp. 1008-1013.

Mukherjee, B.

K. Zhu, H. Zang, and B. Mukherjee, ''A comprehensive study on next-generation optical grooming switches,'' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1173-1186 (2003).

Ngo, H. Q.

H. Q. Ngo, D. Pan, and Y. Yang, ''Optical switching networks with minimum number of limited range wavelength converters,'' in Proceedings of the 24th Conference of the IEEE Communications Society (INFOCOM 2005) (IEEE, 2005).

H. Q. Ngo, D. Pan, and C. Qiao, ''Nonblocking WDM switches based on arrayed waveguide grating and limited wavelength conversion,'' in Proceedings of the 23rd Conference of the IEEE Communications Society (INFOCOM 2004) (IEEE, 2004).

D. Pan, V. Anand, and H. Q. Ngo, ''Cost-effective constructions for nonblocking WDM multicast switching networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications 2004 (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1801-1805.

Opferman, D. C.

D. C. Opferman and N. T. Tsao-Wu, ''On a class of rearrangeable switching networks, Part I: control algorithm,'' Bell Syst. Tech. J. 5, 1579-1600 (1971).

Pan, D.

H. Q. Ngo, D. Pan, and Y. Yang, ''Optical switching networks with minimum number of limited range wavelength converters,'' in Proceedings of the 24th Conference of the IEEE Communications Society (INFOCOM 2005) (IEEE, 2005).

H. Q. Ngo, D. Pan, and C. Qiao, ''Nonblocking WDM switches based on arrayed waveguide grating and limited wavelength conversion,'' in Proceedings of the 23rd Conference of the IEEE Communications Society (INFOCOM 2004) (IEEE, 2004).

D. Pan, V. Anand, and H. Q. Ngo, ''Cost-effective constructions for nonblocking WDM multicast switching networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications 2004 (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1801-1805.

Pattavina, A.

Pickavet, M.

J. Cheyns, C. Develder, E. Van Breusegem, D. Colle, F. De Turck, P. Lagasse, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, ''Clos lives on in optical packet switching,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, 114-121 (2003).

Qiao, C.

H. Q. Ngo, D. Pan, and C. Qiao, ''Nonblocking WDM switches based on arrayed waveguide grating and limited wavelength conversion,'' in Proceedings of the 23rd Conference of the IEEE Communications Society (INFOCOM 2004) (IEEE, 2004).

Y. Yang, J. Wang, and C. Qiao, ''Nonblocking WDM multicast switching networks,'' IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst. 11, 1274-1287 (2000).

Qin, X.

X. Qin and Y. Yang, ''Nonblocking WDM switching networks with full and limited wavelength conversion,'' IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 2032-2041 (2002).

Rahman, M. H.

N. P. Torrington-Smith, H. T. Mouftah, and M. H. Rahman, ''An evaluation of optical switch architectures utilizing wavelength converters,'' in Proceedings of Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (CCECE 2000) (IEEE, 2000), pp. 1008-1013.

Rasala, A.

A. Rasala and G. Wilfong, ''Strictly non-blocking WDM cross-connects,'' in Proceedings of the Eleventh Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms (SODA'02) (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2000), pp. 606-615.

Saruwatari, M.

K. Moei, H. Takara, and M. Saruwatari, ''Wavelength interchange with an optical parametric loop mirror,'' Electron. Lett. 33, 520-522 (1997).

Shell, M.

Stern, T. E.

Takara, H.

K. Moei, H. Takara, and M. Saruwatari, ''Wavelength interchange with an optical parametric loop mirror,'' Electron. Lett. 33, 520-522 (1997).

Torrington-Smith, N. P.

N. P. Torrington-Smith, H. T. Mouftah, and M. H. Rahman, ''An evaluation of optical switch architectures utilizing wavelength converters,'' in Proceedings of Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (CCECE 2000) (IEEE, 2000), pp. 1008-1013.

Tsao-Wu, N. T.

D. C. Opferman and N. T. Tsao-Wu, ''On a class of rearrangeable switching networks, Part I: control algorithm,'' Bell Syst. Tech. J. 5, 1579-1600 (1971).

Uesaka, K.

K. Uesaka, K. K.-Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, ''Wavelength exchange in a highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber: theory and experiments,'' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 560-568 (2002).

Van Breusegem, E.

J. Cheyns, C. Develder, E. Van Breusegem, D. Colle, F. De Turck, P. Lagasse, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, ''Clos lives on in optical packet switching,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, 114-121 (2003).

Vaughn, M. D.

Wang, J.

Y. Yang and J. Wang, ''Cost-effective designs of WDM optical interconnects,'' IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst. 16, 51-66 (2005).

Y. Yang and J. Wang, ''Designing WDM optical interconnects with full connectivity by using limited wavelength conversion,'' IEEE Trans. Comput. 53, 1547-1556 (2004).

Y. Yang, J. Wang, and C. Qiao, ''Nonblocking WDM multicast switching networks,'' IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst. 11, 1274-1287 (2000).

Wilfong, G.

A. Rasala and G. Wilfong, ''Strictly non-blocking WDM cross-connects,'' in Proceedings of the Eleventh Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms (SODA'02) (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2000), pp. 606-615.

G. Wilfong, B. Mikkelsen, C. Doerr, and M. Zirngibl, ''WDM cross-connect architectures with reduced complexity,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1732-1741 (1999).

Wong, K. K.-Y.

K. Uesaka, K. K.-Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, ''Wavelength exchange in a highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber: theory and experiments,'' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 560-568 (2002).

Yang, Y.

Y. Yang and J. Wang, ''Cost-effective designs of WDM optical interconnects,'' IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst. 16, 51-66 (2005).

H. Q. Ngo, D. Pan, and Y. Yang, ''Optical switching networks with minimum number of limited range wavelength converters,'' in Proceedings of the 24th Conference of the IEEE Communications Society (INFOCOM 2005) (IEEE, 2005).

Y. Yang and J. Wang, ''Designing WDM optical interconnects with full connectivity by using limited wavelength conversion,'' IEEE Trans. Comput. 53, 1547-1556 (2004).

X. Qin and Y. Yang, ''Nonblocking WDM switching networks with full and limited wavelength conversion,'' IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 2032-2041 (2002).

Y. Yang, J. Wang, and C. Qiao, ''Nonblocking WDM multicast switching networks,'' IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst. 11, 1274-1287 (2000).

Yoo, S. J. B.

Zang, H.

K. Zhu, H. Zang, and B. Mukherjee, ''A comprehensive study on next-generation optical grooming switches,'' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1173-1186 (2003).

Zhu, K.

K. Zhu, H. Zang, and B. Mukherjee, ''A comprehensive study on next-generation optical grooming switches,'' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1173-1186 (2003).

Zirngibl, M.

G. Wilfong, B. Mikkelsen, C. Doerr, and M. Zirngibl, ''WDM cross-connect architectures with reduced complexity,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1732-1741 (1999).

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

D. C. Opferman and N. T. Tsao-Wu, ''On a class of rearrangeable switching networks, Part I: control algorithm,'' Bell Syst. Tech. J. 5, 1579-1600 (1971).

Bell System Tech. J. (1)

C. Clos, ''A study of non-blocking switching networks,'' Bell System Tech. J. 32, 407-424 (1958).

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. Moei, H. Takara, and M. Saruwatari, ''Wavelength interchange with an optical parametric loop mirror,'' Electron. Lett. 33, 520-522 (1997).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (3)

D. K. Hunter, K. M. Guild, and J. D. Bainbridge, ''WASPNET: a wavelength-switched packet network,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 37, 120-129 (1999).

F. K. Hwang, ''A survey of nonblocking multicast three-stage Clos networks,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 34-37 (2003).

H. J.Chao, Z. Jing, and S. Y. Liew, ''Matching algorithms for three-stage bufferless Clos network switches,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 46-54 (2003).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (2)

H. J.Chao, K.-L. Deng, and Z. Jing, ''PetaStar: A petabit photonic packet switch,'' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1096-1112 (2003).

K. Zhu, H. Zang, and B. Mukherjee, ''A comprehensive study on next-generation optical grooming switches,'' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1173-1186 (2003).

IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst. (1)

Y. Yang and J. Wang, ''Cost-effective designs of WDM optical interconnects,'' IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst. 16, 51-66 (2005).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

J. Cheyns, C. Develder, E. Van Breusegem, D. Colle, F. De Turck, P. Lagasse, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, ''Clos lives on in optical packet switching,'' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, 114-121 (2003).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Uesaka, K. K.-Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, ''Wavelength exchange in a highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber: theory and experiments,'' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 560-568 (2002).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (2)

T. T. Lee and S. Y. Liew, ''Parallel routing algorithms in Benes-Close networks,'' IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 1841-1847 (2002).

X. Qin and Y. Yang, ''Nonblocking WDM switching networks with full and limited wavelength conversion,'' IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 2032-2041 (2002).

IEEE Trans. Comput. (1)

Y. Yang and J. Wang, ''Designing WDM optical interconnects with full connectivity by using limited wavelength conversion,'' IEEE Trans. Comput. 53, 1547-1556 (2004).

IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst. (1)

Y. Yang, J. Wang, and C. Qiao, ''Nonblocking WDM multicast switching networks,'' IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst. 11, 1274-1287 (2000).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

H. S. Hamza and J. S. Deogun, ''Wavelength exchanging cross-connect (WEX)--a new class of photonic cross-connect architectures,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1101-1111 (2006).

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

A. C. Dasylva, D. Y. Montuno, and P. Kodaypak, ''Nonblocking space-wavelength networks with wave-mixing frequency conversion,'' J. Opt. Netw. 1, 206-216 (2002).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

G. Wilfong, B. Mikkelsen, C. Doerr, and M. Zirngibl, ''WDM cross-connect architectures with reduced complexity,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1732-1741 (1999).

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (8)

H. S. Hamza and J. S. Deogun, ''On the design of a new Clos optical interconnect,'' Tech. Rep. TR-06-01-05 (University of Nebraska, 2005), manuscript under review.

N. P. Torrington-Smith, H. T. Mouftah, and M. H. Rahman, ''An evaluation of optical switch architectures utilizing wavelength converters,'' in Proceedings of Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (CCECE 2000) (IEEE, 2000), pp. 1008-1013.

D. Pan, V. Anand, and H. Q. Ngo, ''Cost-effective constructions for nonblocking WDM multicast switching networks,'' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications 2004 (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1801-1805.

J. Y. Hui, ''Switching and traffic theory for integrated broadband network,'' in Point-to-Point Multistage Circuit Switching (Kluwer, 1990), pp.53-83.

H. Q. Ngo, D. Pan, and C. Qiao, ''Nonblocking WDM switches based on arrayed waveguide grating and limited wavelength conversion,'' in Proceedings of the 23rd Conference of the IEEE Communications Society (INFOCOM 2004) (IEEE, 2004).

H. Q. Ngo, D. Pan, and Y. Yang, ''Optical switching networks with minimum number of limited range wavelength converters,'' in Proceedings of the 24th Conference of the IEEE Communications Society (INFOCOM 2005) (IEEE, 2005).

T. E. Stern and K. Bala, Multiwavelength Optical Networks: a Layered Approach (Addison-Wesley, 1999).

A. Rasala and G. Wilfong, ''Strictly non-blocking WDM cross-connects,'' in Proceedings of the Eleventh Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms (SODA'02) (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 2000), pp. 606-615.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.