Abstract

We propose a new wavelength assignment scheme that improves the blocking probability of WDM networks that use limited-range wavelength converters. Limited-range wavelength converters are attractive for wavelength-routed networks, given current technology, since they offer good utilization of the wavelength resource and improved blocking probability. However, their conversion ranges are limited; the maximum difference between the input and the output wavelengths is restricted. Thus we must take into account the existence of these limited-range wavelength converters. In our proposed scheme, each connection request is assigned a different wavelength according to its hop number. We tend to use different wavelengths for connection requests with different hop numbers. As a result, we can reduce the blocking probability by two decades compared with simply assigning the shortest available wavelengths. In addition, the scheme allows the number of wavelength converters used in each node to be reduced with almost no degradation in blocking probability. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme can reduce the wavelength converters by about 20% on the simple ring network and by 37.5% on the 14-node NSFNet network.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. I. Chlamtac, A. Ganz, and G. Karmi, 'Lightpath communications: an approach to high bandwidth optical WAN's,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 7, 1171-1182 (1992).
  2. M. Kovacevic, and A. Acampora, 'Benefits of wavelength translation in all-optical clear-channel networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 5, 868-880 (1996).
  3. J. Zhou, N. Park, K. J. Vahala, M. A. Newkirk, and B. Miller, 'Four-wave mixing wavelength conversion efficiency in semiconductor traveling-wave amplifiers measured to 65 nm of wavelength shift,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 984-987 (1994).
  4. J. Yates, J. Lacey, D. Everitt, and M. Summerfield, 'Limited-range wavelength translation in all-optical networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM'96 (IEEE, 1996), pp. 954-961.
  5. L. Zhang and L. Li, 'Effects of routing and wavelength assignment algorithms on limited-range wavelength conversion in WDM optical networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Circuits and Systems and West Sino Expositions (IEEE, 2002), pp. 860-864.
  6. H. Zang, J. P. Jue, and B. Mukherjee, 'A review of routing and wavelength assignment approaches for wavelength-routed optical WDM networks,' SPIE Opt. Netw. Mag. 1, 47-60 (2000).
  7. Y. Gong, P. Lee, and W. Gu, 'A novel adaptive RWA algorithm in wavelength-routed network,' in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Global Telecommunications (IEEE, 2003), pp. 2580-2584.
  8. C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, 'Control and management protocol for survivable optical mesh networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 11, 2638-2651 (2003).
  9. S. Shimizu, Y. Arakawa, and N. Yamanaka, 'A wavelength assignment considering the number of hops in limited-range wavelength-routed networks,' in Proceedings of Ninth International Symposium on Contemporary Photonics Technology (2006), pp. 104-105.
  10. S. Shimizu, Y. Arakawa, and N. Yamanaka, 'A wavelength assignment scheme for WDM networks with limited range wavelength converters,' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, to be published).
  11. J. Moy, 'OSPF Version 2,' IETF Request For Comments (RFC) no. 2328 (April 1998).

2003 (1)

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, 'Control and management protocol for survivable optical mesh networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 11, 2638-2651 (2003).

2000 (1)

H. Zang, J. P. Jue, and B. Mukherjee, 'A review of routing and wavelength assignment approaches for wavelength-routed optical WDM networks,' SPIE Opt. Netw. Mag. 1, 47-60 (2000).

1996 (1)

M. Kovacevic, and A. Acampora, 'Benefits of wavelength translation in all-optical clear-channel networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 5, 868-880 (1996).

1994 (1)

J. Zhou, N. Park, K. J. Vahala, M. A. Newkirk, and B. Miller, 'Four-wave mixing wavelength conversion efficiency in semiconductor traveling-wave amplifiers measured to 65 nm of wavelength shift,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 984-987 (1994).

1992 (1)

I. Chlamtac, A. Ganz, and G. Karmi, 'Lightpath communications: an approach to high bandwidth optical WAN's,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 7, 1171-1182 (1992).

Acampora, A.

M. Kovacevic, and A. Acampora, 'Benefits of wavelength translation in all-optical clear-channel networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 5, 868-880 (1996).

Ali, M.

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, 'Control and management protocol for survivable optical mesh networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 11, 2638-2651 (2003).

Arakawa, Y.

S. Shimizu, Y. Arakawa, and N. Yamanaka, 'A wavelength assignment considering the number of hops in limited-range wavelength-routed networks,' in Proceedings of Ninth International Symposium on Contemporary Photonics Technology (2006), pp. 104-105.

S. Shimizu, Y. Arakawa, and N. Yamanaka, 'A wavelength assignment scheme for WDM networks with limited range wavelength converters,' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, to be published).

Assi, C.

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, 'Control and management protocol for survivable optical mesh networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 11, 2638-2651 (2003).

Chlamtac, I.

I. Chlamtac, A. Ganz, and G. Karmi, 'Lightpath communications: an approach to high bandwidth optical WAN's,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 7, 1171-1182 (1992).

Dixit, S.

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, 'Control and management protocol for survivable optical mesh networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 11, 2638-2651 (2003).

Everitt, D.

J. Yates, J. Lacey, D. Everitt, and M. Summerfield, 'Limited-range wavelength translation in all-optical networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM'96 (IEEE, 1996), pp. 954-961.

Ganz, A.

I. Chlamtac, A. Ganz, and G. Karmi, 'Lightpath communications: an approach to high bandwidth optical WAN's,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 7, 1171-1182 (1992).

Gong, Y.

Y. Gong, P. Lee, and W. Gu, 'A novel adaptive RWA algorithm in wavelength-routed network,' in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Global Telecommunications (IEEE, 2003), pp. 2580-2584.

Gu, W.

Y. Gong, P. Lee, and W. Gu, 'A novel adaptive RWA algorithm in wavelength-routed network,' in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Global Telecommunications (IEEE, 2003), pp. 2580-2584.

Jue, J. P.

H. Zang, J. P. Jue, and B. Mukherjee, 'A review of routing and wavelength assignment approaches for wavelength-routed optical WDM networks,' SPIE Opt. Netw. Mag. 1, 47-60 (2000).

Karmi, G.

I. Chlamtac, A. Ganz, and G. Karmi, 'Lightpath communications: an approach to high bandwidth optical WAN's,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 7, 1171-1182 (1992).

Kovacevic, M.

M. Kovacevic, and A. Acampora, 'Benefits of wavelength translation in all-optical clear-channel networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 5, 868-880 (1996).

Lacey, J.

J. Yates, J. Lacey, D. Everitt, and M. Summerfield, 'Limited-range wavelength translation in all-optical networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM'96 (IEEE, 1996), pp. 954-961.

Lee, P.

Y. Gong, P. Lee, and W. Gu, 'A novel adaptive RWA algorithm in wavelength-routed network,' in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Global Telecommunications (IEEE, 2003), pp. 2580-2584.

Li, L.

L. Zhang and L. Li, 'Effects of routing and wavelength assignment algorithms on limited-range wavelength conversion in WDM optical networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Circuits and Systems and West Sino Expositions (IEEE, 2002), pp. 860-864.

Miller, B.

J. Zhou, N. Park, K. J. Vahala, M. A. Newkirk, and B. Miller, 'Four-wave mixing wavelength conversion efficiency in semiconductor traveling-wave amplifiers measured to 65 nm of wavelength shift,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 984-987 (1994).

Moy, J.

J. Moy, 'OSPF Version 2,' IETF Request For Comments (RFC) no. 2328 (April 1998).

Mukherjee, B.

H. Zang, J. P. Jue, and B. Mukherjee, 'A review of routing and wavelength assignment approaches for wavelength-routed optical WDM networks,' SPIE Opt. Netw. Mag. 1, 47-60 (2000).

Newkirk, M. A.

J. Zhou, N. Park, K. J. Vahala, M. A. Newkirk, and B. Miller, 'Four-wave mixing wavelength conversion efficiency in semiconductor traveling-wave amplifiers measured to 65 nm of wavelength shift,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 984-987 (1994).

Park, N.

J. Zhou, N. Park, K. J. Vahala, M. A. Newkirk, and B. Miller, 'Four-wave mixing wavelength conversion efficiency in semiconductor traveling-wave amplifiers measured to 65 nm of wavelength shift,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 984-987 (1994).

Shimizu, S.

S. Shimizu, Y. Arakawa, and N. Yamanaka, 'A wavelength assignment scheme for WDM networks with limited range wavelength converters,' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, to be published).

S. Shimizu, Y. Arakawa, and N. Yamanaka, 'A wavelength assignment considering the number of hops in limited-range wavelength-routed networks,' in Proceedings of Ninth International Symposium on Contemporary Photonics Technology (2006), pp. 104-105.

Summerfield, M.

J. Yates, J. Lacey, D. Everitt, and M. Summerfield, 'Limited-range wavelength translation in all-optical networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM'96 (IEEE, 1996), pp. 954-961.

Vahala, K. J.

J. Zhou, N. Park, K. J. Vahala, M. A. Newkirk, and B. Miller, 'Four-wave mixing wavelength conversion efficiency in semiconductor traveling-wave amplifiers measured to 65 nm of wavelength shift,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 984-987 (1994).

Yamanaka, N.

S. Shimizu, Y. Arakawa, and N. Yamanaka, 'A wavelength assignment considering the number of hops in limited-range wavelength-routed networks,' in Proceedings of Ninth International Symposium on Contemporary Photonics Technology (2006), pp. 104-105.

S. Shimizu, Y. Arakawa, and N. Yamanaka, 'A wavelength assignment scheme for WDM networks with limited range wavelength converters,' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, to be published).

Yates, J.

J. Yates, J. Lacey, D. Everitt, and M. Summerfield, 'Limited-range wavelength translation in all-optical networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM'96 (IEEE, 1996), pp. 954-961.

Ye, Y.

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, 'Control and management protocol for survivable optical mesh networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 11, 2638-2651 (2003).

Zang, H.

H. Zang, J. P. Jue, and B. Mukherjee, 'A review of routing and wavelength assignment approaches for wavelength-routed optical WDM networks,' SPIE Opt. Netw. Mag. 1, 47-60 (2000).

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang and L. Li, 'Effects of routing and wavelength assignment algorithms on limited-range wavelength conversion in WDM optical networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Circuits and Systems and West Sino Expositions (IEEE, 2002), pp. 860-864.

Zhou, J.

J. Zhou, N. Park, K. J. Vahala, M. A. Newkirk, and B. Miller, 'Four-wave mixing wavelength conversion efficiency in semiconductor traveling-wave amplifiers measured to 65 nm of wavelength shift,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 984-987 (1994).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, 'Control and management protocol for survivable optical mesh networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 11, 2638-2651 (2003).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

I. Chlamtac, A. Ganz, and G. Karmi, 'Lightpath communications: an approach to high bandwidth optical WAN's,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 7, 1171-1182 (1992).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

M. Kovacevic, and A. Acampora, 'Benefits of wavelength translation in all-optical clear-channel networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 5, 868-880 (1996).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Zhou, N. Park, K. J. Vahala, M. A. Newkirk, and B. Miller, 'Four-wave mixing wavelength conversion efficiency in semiconductor traveling-wave amplifiers measured to 65 nm of wavelength shift,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 984-987 (1994).

SPIE Opt. Netw. Mag. (1)

H. Zang, J. P. Jue, and B. Mukherjee, 'A review of routing and wavelength assignment approaches for wavelength-routed optical WDM networks,' SPIE Opt. Netw. Mag. 1, 47-60 (2000).

Other (6)

Y. Gong, P. Lee, and W. Gu, 'A novel adaptive RWA algorithm in wavelength-routed network,' in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Global Telecommunications (IEEE, 2003), pp. 2580-2584.

J. Yates, J. Lacey, D. Everitt, and M. Summerfield, 'Limited-range wavelength translation in all-optical networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM'96 (IEEE, 1996), pp. 954-961.

L. Zhang and L. Li, 'Effects of routing and wavelength assignment algorithms on limited-range wavelength conversion in WDM optical networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Circuits and Systems and West Sino Expositions (IEEE, 2002), pp. 860-864.

S. Shimizu, Y. Arakawa, and N. Yamanaka, 'A wavelength assignment considering the number of hops in limited-range wavelength-routed networks,' in Proceedings of Ninth International Symposium on Contemporary Photonics Technology (2006), pp. 104-105.

S. Shimizu, Y. Arakawa, and N. Yamanaka, 'A wavelength assignment scheme for WDM networks with limited range wavelength converters,' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, to be published).

J. Moy, 'OSPF Version 2,' IETF Request For Comments (RFC) no. 2328 (April 1998).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.