Abstract

The feasibility of a 40 Gbit/s wavelength division multiplexed system using a power unbalanced polarization division multiplexing (PUPDM) scheme has been explored for metropolitan distances using the standard single mode fiber and erbium doped fiber amplifiers. PUPDM is a quaternary communication scheme in which two subchannels, each carrying 20 Gbit/s information data, are combined on the same wavelength to effectively communicate 40 Gbits/s using only binary transmitters and binary receivers. PUPDM not only reduces the cost of the optics and electronics in metropolitan networks but also reduces the degrading effect of polarization mode dispersion (PMD) by actually transmitting at half of the effective data rate. The effects of fiber nonlinearity and PMD are extensively analyzed for each of two 20 Gbit/s subchannels for an aggregate 40 Gbit/s capacity per wavelength channel. The analysis suggests that a 40 Gbit/s PUPDM system with 50 GHz channel spacing is feasible for up to 600 km of transmission distance on single mode fiber, using 7% Reed-Solomon forward error correction and 20 Gbit/s electronics.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. Matsuda, T. Kotanigawa, A. Naka, and T. Imai, '62×42.7 Gbit/s(2.5Tbit/s) WDM signal transmission over 2200 km with broadband distributed Raman amplification,' Electron. Lett. 38, 818-819 (2002).
  2. A. G. Okhrimchuk, G. Onishchukov, and F. Lederer, 'Long-haul soliton transmission at 1.3 μm using distributed Raman amplification,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 837-841 (2006).
  3. V. Stankovic, R. Hamzaoui, and Zixiang Xiong, 'Efficient channel code rate selection algorithms for forward error correction of packetized multimedia bitstreams in varying channels,' IEEE Trans. Multimedia 6, 240-248 (2004).
  4. T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, 'Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
  5. B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Grüner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Sukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, '6.4-Tbits/s(160×42.7 Gbits/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32̱100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 23-28 March 2003.
  6. Jin-Xing Cai, M. Nissov, C. R. Davidson, A. N. Pilipetskii, G. Mohs, Haifeng Li, Yi Cai, E. A. Golovchenko, E. A. A. J. Lucero, D. G. Foursa, and N. S. Bergano, 'Long-haul 40 Gb/s DWDM transmission with aggregate capacities exceeding 1Tb/s,' J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 2247-2258 (2002).
  7. M. I. Hayee, M. C. Cardakli, A. B. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, 'Doubling of bandwidth utilization using two orthogonal polarizations and power unbalancing in a polarization-division-multiplexing scheme,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 881-883 (2001).
  8. J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications, 4th ed. (McGraw-Hill, 2000), Chap. 5.
  9. S. G. Evangelides, Jr., L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and N. S. Bergano, 'Polarization multiplexing with solitons,' J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 28-35 (1992).
  10. D. Marcuse, C. R. Menyuk, and P. K. A. Wai, 'Application of the Manakov-PMD equation to studies of signal propagation in optical fibers with randomly varying birefringence,' J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1735-1746 (1997).
  11. E. A. Golovchenko, A. N. Pilipetskii, N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, F. Khatri, R. M. Kimball, and V. J. Mazurczyk, 'Modeling of transoceanic fiber-optic WDM communication systems,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 337-347 (2000).
  12. N. S. Bergano, 'Undersea communications systems,' in Optical Fiber Telecommunication IVB Systems and Impairments, I.Kaminow and TingyeLi, eds. (Academic, 2002), pp 154-197.
  13. 'Forward error correction for submarine systems,' ITU recommendation G.975 (International Telecommunication Union, 2004).
  14. G. J. Foschini and C. D. Poole, 'Statistical theory of polarization mode dispersion in single mode fibers,' J. Lightwave Technol. 91439-1456 (1991).
  15. A. El Amari, N. Gisin, B. Perny, H. Zbinden, and C. W. Zimmer, 'Statistical prediction and experimental verification of concatenations of fiber optic components with polarization dependent loss,' J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 332-339 (1998).
  16. D. Breuer, H.-J. Tessmann, A. Gladisch, H. M. Foisel, G. Neumann, H. Reiner, and H. Cremer, 'Measurements of PMD in the installed fiber plant of Deutsche Telekom,' presented at the LEOS Summer Topical Meetings, Vancouver, Canada, 14-16 July 2003.

2006

A. G. Okhrimchuk, G. Onishchukov, and F. Lederer, 'Long-haul soliton transmission at 1.3 μm using distributed Raman amplification,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 837-841 (2006).

2004

V. Stankovic, R. Hamzaoui, and Zixiang Xiong, 'Efficient channel code rate selection algorithms for forward error correction of packetized multimedia bitstreams in varying channels,' IEEE Trans. Multimedia 6, 240-248 (2004).

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, 'Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).

2002

Jin-Xing Cai, M. Nissov, C. R. Davidson, A. N. Pilipetskii, G. Mohs, Haifeng Li, Yi Cai, E. A. Golovchenko, E. A. A. J. Lucero, D. G. Foursa, and N. S. Bergano, 'Long-haul 40 Gb/s DWDM transmission with aggregate capacities exceeding 1Tb/s,' J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 2247-2258 (2002).

T. Matsuda, T. Kotanigawa, A. Naka, and T. Imai, '62×42.7 Gbit/s(2.5Tbit/s) WDM signal transmission over 2200 km with broadband distributed Raman amplification,' Electron. Lett. 38, 818-819 (2002).

2001

M. I. Hayee, M. C. Cardakli, A. B. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, 'Doubling of bandwidth utilization using two orthogonal polarizations and power unbalancing in a polarization-division-multiplexing scheme,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 881-883 (2001).

2000

E. A. Golovchenko, A. N. Pilipetskii, N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, F. Khatri, R. M. Kimball, and V. J. Mazurczyk, 'Modeling of transoceanic fiber-optic WDM communication systems,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 337-347 (2000).

1998

A. El Amari, N. Gisin, B. Perny, H. Zbinden, and C. W. Zimmer, 'Statistical prediction and experimental verification of concatenations of fiber optic components with polarization dependent loss,' J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 332-339 (1998).

1997

D. Marcuse, C. R. Menyuk, and P. K. A. Wai, 'Application of the Manakov-PMD equation to studies of signal propagation in optical fibers with randomly varying birefringence,' J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1735-1746 (1997).

1992

S. G. Evangelides, Jr., L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and N. S. Bergano, 'Polarization multiplexing with solitons,' J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 28-35 (1992).

1991

G. J. Foschini and C. D. Poole, 'Statistical theory of polarization mode dispersion in single mode fibers,' J. Lightwave Technol. 91439-1456 (1991).

Akita, M.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, 'Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).

Bergano, N. S.

Jin-Xing Cai, M. Nissov, C. R. Davidson, A. N. Pilipetskii, G. Mohs, Haifeng Li, Yi Cai, E. A. Golovchenko, E. A. A. J. Lucero, D. G. Foursa, and N. S. Bergano, 'Long-haul 40 Gb/s DWDM transmission with aggregate capacities exceeding 1Tb/s,' J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 2247-2258 (2002).

E. A. Golovchenko, A. N. Pilipetskii, N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, F. Khatri, R. M. Kimball, and V. J. Mazurczyk, 'Modeling of transoceanic fiber-optic WDM communication systems,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 337-347 (2000).

S. G. Evangelides, Jr., L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and N. S. Bergano, 'Polarization multiplexing with solitons,' J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 28-35 (1992).

N. S. Bergano, 'Undersea communications systems,' in Optical Fiber Telecommunication IVB Systems and Impairments, I.Kaminow and TingyeLi, eds. (Academic, 2002), pp 154-197.

Breuer, D.

D. Breuer, H.-J. Tessmann, A. Gladisch, H. M. Foisel, G. Neumann, H. Reiner, and H. Cremer, 'Measurements of PMD in the installed fiber plant of Deutsche Telekom,' presented at the LEOS Summer Topical Meetings, Vancouver, Canada, 14-16 July 2003.

Cai, Jin-Xing

Jin-Xing Cai, M. Nissov, C. R. Davidson, A. N. Pilipetskii, G. Mohs, Haifeng Li, Yi Cai, E. A. Golovchenko, E. A. A. J. Lucero, D. G. Foursa, and N. S. Bergano, 'Long-haul 40 Gb/s DWDM transmission with aggregate capacities exceeding 1Tb/s,' J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 2247-2258 (2002).

Cai, Yi

Jin-Xing Cai, M. Nissov, C. R. Davidson, A. N. Pilipetskii, G. Mohs, Haifeng Li, Yi Cai, E. A. Golovchenko, E. A. A. J. Lucero, D. G. Foursa, and N. S. Bergano, 'Long-haul 40 Gb/s DWDM transmission with aggregate capacities exceeding 1Tb/s,' J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 2247-2258 (2002).

Cardakli, M. C.

M. I. Hayee, M. C. Cardakli, A. B. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, 'Doubling of bandwidth utilization using two orthogonal polarizations and power unbalancing in a polarization-division-multiplexing scheme,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 881-883 (2001).

Cremer, H.

D. Breuer, H.-J. Tessmann, A. Gladisch, H. M. Foisel, G. Neumann, H. Reiner, and H. Cremer, 'Measurements of PMD in the installed fiber plant of Deutsche Telekom,' presented at the LEOS Summer Topical Meetings, Vancouver, Canada, 14-16 July 2003.

Davidson, C. R.

Jin-Xing Cai, M. Nissov, C. R. Davidson, A. N. Pilipetskii, G. Mohs, Haifeng Li, Yi Cai, E. A. Golovchenko, E. A. A. J. Lucero, D. G. Foursa, and N. S. Bergano, 'Long-haul 40 Gb/s DWDM transmission with aggregate capacities exceeding 1Tb/s,' J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 2247-2258 (2002).

E. A. Golovchenko, A. N. Pilipetskii, N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, F. Khatri, R. M. Kimball, and V. J. Mazurczyk, 'Modeling of transoceanic fiber-optic WDM communication systems,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 337-347 (2000).

Doerr, C.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Grüner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Sukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, '6.4-Tbits/s(160×42.7 Gbits/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32̱100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 23-28 March 2003.

El Amari, A.

A. El Amari, N. Gisin, B. Perny, H. Zbinden, and C. W. Zimmer, 'Statistical prediction and experimental verification of concatenations of fiber optic components with polarization dependent loss,' J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 332-339 (1998).

Emori, Y.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Grüner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Sukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, '6.4-Tbits/s(160×42.7 Gbits/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32̱100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 23-28 March 2003.

Evangelides, S. G.

S. G. Evangelides, Jr., L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and N. S. Bergano, 'Polarization multiplexing with solitons,' J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 28-35 (1992).

Foisel, H. M.

D. Breuer, H.-J. Tessmann, A. Gladisch, H. M. Foisel, G. Neumann, H. Reiner, and H. Cremer, 'Measurements of PMD in the installed fiber plant of Deutsche Telekom,' presented at the LEOS Summer Topical Meetings, Vancouver, Canada, 14-16 July 2003.

Foschini, G. J.

G. J. Foschini and C. D. Poole, 'Statistical theory of polarization mode dispersion in single mode fibers,' J. Lightwave Technol. 91439-1456 (1991).

Foursa, D. G.

Jin-Xing Cai, M. Nissov, C. R. Davidson, A. N. Pilipetskii, G. Mohs, Haifeng Li, Yi Cai, E. A. Golovchenko, E. A. A. J. Lucero, D. G. Foursa, and N. S. Bergano, 'Long-haul 40 Gb/s DWDM transmission with aggregate capacities exceeding 1Tb/s,' J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 2247-2258 (2002).

Fujita, H.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, 'Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).

Gisin, N.

A. El Amari, N. Gisin, B. Perny, H. Zbinden, and C. W. Zimmer, 'Statistical prediction and experimental verification of concatenations of fiber optic components with polarization dependent loss,' J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 332-339 (1998).

Gladisch, A.

D. Breuer, H.-J. Tessmann, A. Gladisch, H. M. Foisel, G. Neumann, H. Reiner, and H. Cremer, 'Measurements of PMD in the installed fiber plant of Deutsche Telekom,' presented at the LEOS Summer Topical Meetings, Vancouver, Canada, 14-16 July 2003.

Gnauck, A. H.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Grüner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Sukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, '6.4-Tbits/s(160×42.7 Gbits/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32̱100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 23-28 March 2003.

Golovchenko, E. A.

Jin-Xing Cai, M. Nissov, C. R. Davidson, A. N. Pilipetskii, G. Mohs, Haifeng Li, Yi Cai, E. A. Golovchenko, E. A. A. J. Lucero, D. G. Foursa, and N. S. Bergano, 'Long-haul 40 Gb/s DWDM transmission with aggregate capacities exceeding 1Tb/s,' J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 2247-2258 (2002).

E. A. Golovchenko, A. N. Pilipetskii, N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, F. Khatri, R. M. Kimball, and V. J. Mazurczyk, 'Modeling of transoceanic fiber-optic WDM communication systems,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 337-347 (2000).

Gordon, J. P.

S. G. Evangelides, Jr., L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and N. S. Bergano, 'Polarization multiplexing with solitons,' J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 28-35 (1992).

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Grüner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Sukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, '6.4-Tbits/s(160×42.7 Gbits/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32̱100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 23-28 March 2003.

Hamzaoui, R.

V. Stankovic, R. Hamzaoui, and Zixiang Xiong, 'Efficient channel code rate selection algorithms for forward error correction of packetized multimedia bitstreams in varying channels,' IEEE Trans. Multimedia 6, 240-248 (2004).

Hayee, M. I.

M. I. Hayee, M. C. Cardakli, A. B. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, 'Doubling of bandwidth utilization using two orthogonal polarizations and power unbalancing in a polarization-division-multiplexing scheme,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 881-883 (2001).

Imai, T.

T. Matsuda, T. Kotanigawa, A. Naka, and T. Imai, '62×42.7 Gbit/s(2.5Tbit/s) WDM signal transmission over 2200 km with broadband distributed Raman amplification,' Electron. Lett. 38, 818-819 (2002).

Khatri, F.

E. A. Golovchenko, A. N. Pilipetskii, N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, F. Khatri, R. M. Kimball, and V. J. Mazurczyk, 'Modeling of transoceanic fiber-optic WDM communication systems,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 337-347 (2000).

Kim, J.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Grüner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Sukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, '6.4-Tbits/s(160×42.7 Gbits/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32̱100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 23-28 March 2003.

Kimball, R. M.

E. A. Golovchenko, A. N. Pilipetskii, N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, F. Khatri, R. M. Kimball, and V. J. Mazurczyk, 'Modeling of transoceanic fiber-optic WDM communication systems,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 337-347 (2000).

Kobayashi, T.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, 'Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).

Kotanigawa, T.

T. Matsuda, T. Kotanigawa, A. Naka, and T. Imai, '62×42.7 Gbit/s(2.5Tbit/s) WDM signal transmission over 2200 km with broadband distributed Raman amplification,' Electron. Lett. 38, 818-819 (2002).

Kubo, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, 'Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).

Kuno, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, 'Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).

Lederer, F.

A. G. Okhrimchuk, G. Onishchukov, and F. Lederer, 'Long-haul soliton transmission at 1.3 μm using distributed Raman amplification,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 837-841 (2006).

Leuthold, J.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Grüner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Sukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, '6.4-Tbits/s(160×42.7 Gbits/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32̱100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 23-28 March 2003.

Li, Haifeng

Jin-Xing Cai, M. Nissov, C. R. Davidson, A. N. Pilipetskii, G. Mohs, Haifeng Li, Yi Cai, E. A. Golovchenko, E. A. A. J. Lucero, D. G. Foursa, and N. S. Bergano, 'Long-haul 40 Gb/s DWDM transmission with aggregate capacities exceeding 1Tb/s,' J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 2247-2258 (2002).

Lingle, R.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Grüner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Sukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, '6.4-Tbits/s(160×42.7 Gbits/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32̱100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 23-28 March 2003.

Lucero, E. A. A. J.

Jin-Xing Cai, M. Nissov, C. R. Davidson, A. N. Pilipetskii, G. Mohs, Haifeng Li, Yi Cai, E. A. Golovchenko, E. A. A. J. Lucero, D. G. Foursa, and N. S. Bergano, 'Long-haul 40 Gb/s DWDM transmission with aggregate capacities exceeding 1Tb/s,' J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 2247-2258 (2002).

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse, C. R. Menyuk, and P. K. A. Wai, 'Application of the Manakov-PMD equation to studies of signal propagation in optical fibers with randomly varying birefringence,' J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1735-1746 (1997).

Matsuda, T.

T. Matsuda, T. Kotanigawa, A. Naka, and T. Imai, '62×42.7 Gbit/s(2.5Tbit/s) WDM signal transmission over 2200 km with broadband distributed Raman amplification,' Electron. Lett. 38, 818-819 (2002).

Mazurczyk, V. J.

E. A. Golovchenko, A. N. Pilipetskii, N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, F. Khatri, R. M. Kimball, and V. J. Mazurczyk, 'Modeling of transoceanic fiber-optic WDM communication systems,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 337-347 (2000).

Menyuk, C. R.

D. Marcuse, C. R. Menyuk, and P. K. A. Wai, 'Application of the Manakov-PMD equation to studies of signal propagation in optical fibers with randomly varying birefringence,' J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1735-1746 (1997).

Miyata, Y.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, 'Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).

Mizuochi, T.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, 'Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).

Mohs, G.

Jin-Xing Cai, M. Nissov, C. R. Davidson, A. N. Pilipetskii, G. Mohs, Haifeng Li, Yi Cai, E. A. Golovchenko, E. A. A. J. Lucero, D. G. Foursa, and N. S. Bergano, 'Long-haul 40 Gb/s DWDM transmission with aggregate capacities exceeding 1Tb/s,' J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 2247-2258 (2002).

Mollenauer, L. F.

S. G. Evangelides, Jr., L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and N. S. Bergano, 'Polarization multiplexing with solitons,' J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 28-35 (1992).

Motoshima, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, 'Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).

Naka, A.

T. Matsuda, T. Kotanigawa, A. Naka, and T. Imai, '62×42.7 Gbit/s(2.5Tbit/s) WDM signal transmission over 2200 km with broadband distributed Raman amplification,' Electron. Lett. 38, 818-819 (2002).

Namiki, S.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Grüner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Sukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, '6.4-Tbits/s(160×42.7 Gbits/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32̱100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 23-28 March 2003.

Nelson, L. E.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Grüner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Sukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, '6.4-Tbits/s(160×42.7 Gbits/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32̱100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 23-28 March 2003.

Neumann, G.

D. Breuer, H.-J. Tessmann, A. Gladisch, H. M. Foisel, G. Neumann, H. Reiner, and H. Cremer, 'Measurements of PMD in the installed fiber plant of Deutsche Telekom,' presented at the LEOS Summer Topical Meetings, Vancouver, Canada, 14-16 July 2003.

Nissov, M.

Jin-Xing Cai, M. Nissov, C. R. Davidson, A. N. Pilipetskii, G. Mohs, Haifeng Li, Yi Cai, E. A. Golovchenko, E. A. A. J. Lucero, D. G. Foursa, and N. S. Bergano, 'Long-haul 40 Gb/s DWDM transmission with aggregate capacities exceeding 1Tb/s,' J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 2247-2258 (2002).

Oguri, A.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Grüner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Sukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, '6.4-Tbits/s(160×42.7 Gbits/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32̱100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 23-28 March 2003.

Ohki, Y.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Grüner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Sukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, '6.4-Tbits/s(160×42.7 Gbits/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32̱100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 23-28 March 2003.

Okhrimchuk, A. G.

A. G. Okhrimchuk, G. Onishchukov, and F. Lederer, 'Long-haul soliton transmission at 1.3 μm using distributed Raman amplification,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 837-841 (2006).

Onishchukov, G.

A. G. Okhrimchuk, G. Onishchukov, and F. Lederer, 'Long-haul soliton transmission at 1.3 μm using distributed Raman amplification,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 837-841 (2006).

Ouchi, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, 'Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).

Pedersen, M. O.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Grüner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Sukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, '6.4-Tbits/s(160×42.7 Gbits/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32̱100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 23-28 March 2003.

Perny, B.

A. El Amari, N. Gisin, B. Perny, H. Zbinden, and C. W. Zimmer, 'Statistical prediction and experimental verification of concatenations of fiber optic components with polarization dependent loss,' J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 332-339 (1998).

Pilipetskii, A. N.

Jin-Xing Cai, M. Nissov, C. R. Davidson, A. N. Pilipetskii, G. Mohs, Haifeng Li, Yi Cai, E. A. Golovchenko, E. A. A. J. Lucero, D. G. Foursa, and N. S. Bergano, 'Long-haul 40 Gb/s DWDM transmission with aggregate capacities exceeding 1Tb/s,' J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 2247-2258 (2002).

E. A. Golovchenko, A. N. Pilipetskii, N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, F. Khatri, R. M. Kimball, and V. J. Mazurczyk, 'Modeling of transoceanic fiber-optic WDM communication systems,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 337-347 (2000).

Poole, C. D.

G. J. Foschini and C. D. Poole, 'Statistical theory of polarization mode dispersion in single mode fibers,' J. Lightwave Technol. 91439-1456 (1991).

Proakis, J. G.

J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications, 4th ed. (McGraw-Hill, 2000), Chap. 5.

Reiner, H.

D. Breuer, H.-J. Tessmann, A. Gladisch, H. M. Foisel, G. Neumann, H. Reiner, and H. Cremer, 'Measurements of PMD in the installed fiber plant of Deutsche Telekom,' presented at the LEOS Summer Topical Meetings, Vancouver, Canada, 14-16 July 2003.

Sahin, A. B.

M. I. Hayee, M. C. Cardakli, A. B. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, 'Doubling of bandwidth utilization using two orthogonal polarizations and power unbalancing in a polarization-division-multiplexing scheme,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 881-883 (2001).

Shimizu, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, 'Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).

Stankovic, V.

V. Stankovic, R. Hamzaoui, and Zixiang Xiong, 'Efficient channel code rate selection algorithms for forward error correction of packetized multimedia bitstreams in varying channels,' IEEE Trans. Multimedia 6, 240-248 (2004).

Stulz, S.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Grüner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Sukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, '6.4-Tbits/s(160×42.7 Gbits/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32̱100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 23-28 March 2003.

Sukiji, N.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Grüner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Sukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, '6.4-Tbits/s(160×42.7 Gbits/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32̱100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 23-28 March 2003.

Tagami, H.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, 'Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).

Tessmann, H.-J.

D. Breuer, H.-J. Tessmann, A. Gladisch, H. M. Foisel, G. Neumann, H. Reiner, and H. Cremer, 'Measurements of PMD in the installed fiber plant of Deutsche Telekom,' presented at the LEOS Summer Topical Meetings, Vancouver, Canada, 14-16 July 2003.

Wai, P. K. A.

D. Marcuse, C. R. Menyuk, and P. K. A. Wai, 'Application of the Manakov-PMD equation to studies of signal propagation in optical fibers with randomly varying birefringence,' J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1735-1746 (1997).

Willner, A. E.

M. I. Hayee, M. C. Cardakli, A. B. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, 'Doubling of bandwidth utilization using two orthogonal polarizations and power unbalancing in a polarization-division-multiplexing scheme,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 881-883 (2001).

Xiong, Zixiang

V. Stankovic, R. Hamzaoui, and Zixiang Xiong, 'Efficient channel code rate selection algorithms for forward error correction of packetized multimedia bitstreams in varying channels,' IEEE Trans. Multimedia 6, 240-248 (2004).

Yoshida, H.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, 'Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).

Zbinden, H.

A. El Amari, N. Gisin, B. Perny, H. Zbinden, and C. W. Zimmer, 'Statistical prediction and experimental verification of concatenations of fiber optic components with polarization dependent loss,' J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 332-339 (1998).

Zhu, B.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Grüner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Sukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, '6.4-Tbits/s(160×42.7 Gbits/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32̱100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 23-28 March 2003.

Zimmer, C. W.

A. El Amari, N. Gisin, B. Perny, H. Zbinden, and C. W. Zimmer, 'Statistical prediction and experimental verification of concatenations of fiber optic components with polarization dependent loss,' J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 332-339 (1998).

Electron. Lett.

T. Matsuda, T. Kotanigawa, A. Naka, and T. Imai, '62×42.7 Gbit/s(2.5Tbit/s) WDM signal transmission over 2200 km with broadband distributed Raman amplification,' Electron. Lett. 38, 818-819 (2002).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

E. A. Golovchenko, A. N. Pilipetskii, N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, F. Khatri, R. M. Kimball, and V. J. Mazurczyk, 'Modeling of transoceanic fiber-optic WDM communication systems,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 337-347 (2000).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. I. Hayee, M. C. Cardakli, A. B. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, 'Doubling of bandwidth utilization using two orthogonal polarizations and power unbalancing in a polarization-division-multiplexing scheme,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 881-883 (2001).

IEEE Trans. Multimedia

V. Stankovic, R. Hamzaoui, and Zixiang Xiong, 'Efficient channel code rate selection algorithms for forward error correction of packetized multimedia bitstreams in varying channels,' IEEE Trans. Multimedia 6, 240-248 (2004).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, 'Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

A. G. Okhrimchuk, G. Onishchukov, and F. Lederer, 'Long-haul soliton transmission at 1.3 μm using distributed Raman amplification,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 837-841 (2006).

J. Lightwave Technol.

G. J. Foschini and C. D. Poole, 'Statistical theory of polarization mode dispersion in single mode fibers,' J. Lightwave Technol. 91439-1456 (1991).

A. El Amari, N. Gisin, B. Perny, H. Zbinden, and C. W. Zimmer, 'Statistical prediction and experimental verification of concatenations of fiber optic components with polarization dependent loss,' J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 332-339 (1998).

Jin-Xing Cai, M. Nissov, C. R. Davidson, A. N. Pilipetskii, G. Mohs, Haifeng Li, Yi Cai, E. A. Golovchenko, E. A. A. J. Lucero, D. G. Foursa, and N. S. Bergano, 'Long-haul 40 Gb/s DWDM transmission with aggregate capacities exceeding 1Tb/s,' J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 2247-2258 (2002).

J. Lightwave Technol.

S. G. Evangelides, Jr., L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and N. S. Bergano, 'Polarization multiplexing with solitons,' J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 28-35 (1992).

J. Lightwave Technol.

D. Marcuse, C. R. Menyuk, and P. K. A. Wai, 'Application of the Manakov-PMD equation to studies of signal propagation in optical fibers with randomly varying birefringence,' J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1735-1746 (1997).

Other

J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications, 4th ed. (McGraw-Hill, 2000), Chap. 5.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Grüner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Sukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, '6.4-Tbits/s(160×42.7 Gbits/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32̱100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,' presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 23-28 March 2003.

D. Breuer, H.-J. Tessmann, A. Gladisch, H. M. Foisel, G. Neumann, H. Reiner, and H. Cremer, 'Measurements of PMD in the installed fiber plant of Deutsche Telekom,' presented at the LEOS Summer Topical Meetings, Vancouver, Canada, 14-16 July 2003.

N. S. Bergano, 'Undersea communications systems,' in Optical Fiber Telecommunication IVB Systems and Impairments, I.Kaminow and TingyeLi, eds. (Academic, 2002), pp 154-197.

'Forward error correction for submarine systems,' ITU recommendation G.975 (International Telecommunication Union, 2004).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.