K. Onohara, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, F. Kubota, and K.
Kitayama, ''Agile and highly efficient wavelength conversion using highly
nonlinear fiber for optical code-labeled packets,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.
17, 627-629 (2005).

J. Yamawaku, E. Yamazaki, A. Takada, and T. Morioka,
''Field trial of virtual-grouped-wavelength-path switching with QPM-LN waveband
converter and PLC matrix switch in JGN II test bed,'' Electron. Lett. 41, 88-89
(2005).

H. Nakamoto, K. Baba, and M. Murata, ''Proposal of a
shared memory access method for lambda computing environment,'' in Optical
Networks and Technologies Conference (Springer, 2004), pp.
210-217.

B. Rajagopalan, D. Pendarakis, D. Saha, R. S.
Ramamoorthy, and K. Bala, ''IP over optical networks: architectural aspects,''
IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(9), 94-102 (2000).

H. Harai, M. Murata, and H. Miyahara, ''Heuristic
algorithm for allocation of wavelength convertible nodes and routing coordination
in all-optical networks,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 535-545
(1999).

S. Subramaniam, M. Azizoglu, and A. K. Somani, ''On
optimal converter placement in wavelength-routed networks,'' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw.
7, 754-766 (1999).

International Telecommunication Union, ''Network grade
of service parameters and target values for circuit-switched services in the
evolving ISDN,'' Recommendation E.721 Telecommunication Standardization Sector of
ITU, Geneva, Switzerland, May (1999).

I. Foster and C. Kesselman, The Grid: Blueprint for a
New Computing Infrastracture (Morgan Kaufmann, 1998).

S. Yoo, ''Wavelength conversion technologies for WDM
network applications,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 955-966 (1996).

K. Xi, S. Arakawa, and M. Murata, ''How many
wavelength converters do we need?,'' presented at the Ninth Conference on Optical
Network Design and Modeling, Milan, Italy, 7-9 February 2005).

K. Onohara, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, F. Kubota, and K.
Kitayama, ''Agile and highly efficient wavelength conversion using highly
nonlinear fiber for optical code-labeled packets,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.
17, 627-629 (2005).

Y. Awaji and H. Harai, National Institute of
Information and Communication Technology, Tokyo, Japan (personal communication,
2004).

S. Subramaniam, M. Azizoglu, and A. K. Somani, ''On
optimal converter placement in wavelength-routed networks,'' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw.
7, 754-766 (1999).

H. Nakamoto, K. Baba, and M. Murata, ''Proposal of a
shared memory access method for lambda computing environment,'' in Optical
Networks and Technologies Conference (Springer, 2004), pp.
210-217.

B. Rajagopalan, D. Pendarakis, D. Saha, R. S.
Ramamoorthy, and K. Bala, ''IP over optical networks: architectural aspects,''
IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(9), 94-102 (2000).

X. Chu, J. Liu, and Z. Zhang, ''Analysis of
sparse-partial wavelength conversion in wavelength-routed WDM networks,'' in
Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM 2004 (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1363-1371.

I. Foster and C. Kesselman, The Grid: Blueprint for a
New Computing Infrastracture (Morgan Kaufmann, 1998).

H. Harai and M. Murata, ''Establishing lightpaths of
an optical ring for distributed computing environment,'' presented at the Second
IEEE/Create-Net International Workshop on Networks for Grid Applications (GRIDNETS
2005), Boston, Mass., 6-7 October 2005.

H. Harai, M. Murata, and H. Miyahara, ''Heuristic
algorithm for allocation of wavelength convertible nodes and routing coordination
in all-optical networks,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 535-545
(1999).

Y. Awaji and H. Harai, National Institute of
Information and Communication Technology, Tokyo, Japan (personal communication,
2004).

J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N.
Sugimoto, T. Tanemura, and K. Kikuchi, ''Wavelength conversion of 40 Gbit/s NRZ
signal using four-wave mixing in 40-cm-long bismuth oxide based highly-nonlinear
optical fiber,'' presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Anaheim,
Calif., 6-11 March 2005, paper PD6.

E. Oki, D. Shimazaki, K. Shiomoto, N. Matsuura, and W.
Imajuku, ''Performance of distributed-controlled dynamic wavelength-conversion
GMPLS networks,'' presented at the International Conference on Optical
Communication and Networks, Singapore, November 2002.

I. Foster and C. Kesselman, The Grid: Blueprint for a
New Computing Infrastracture (Morgan Kaufmann, 1998).

J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N.
Sugimoto, T. Tanemura, and K. Kikuchi, ''Wavelength conversion of 40 Gbit/s NRZ
signal using four-wave mixing in 40-cm-long bismuth oxide based highly-nonlinear
optical fiber,'' presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Anaheim,
Calif., 6-11 March 2005, paper PD6.

K. Onohara, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, F. Kubota, and K.
Kitayama, ''Agile and highly efficient wavelength conversion using highly
nonlinear fiber for optical code-labeled packets,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.
17, 627-629 (2005).

K. Onohara, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, F. Kubota, and K.
Kitayama, ''Agile and highly efficient wavelength conversion using highly
nonlinear fiber for optical code-labeled packets,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.
17, 627-629 (2005).

J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N.
Sugimoto, T. Tanemura, and K. Kikuchi, ''Wavelength conversion of 40 Gbit/s NRZ
signal using four-wave mixing in 40-cm-long bismuth oxide based highly-nonlinear
optical fiber,'' presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Anaheim,
Calif., 6-11 March 2005, paper PD6.

X. Chu, J. Liu, and Z. Zhang, ''Analysis of
sparse-partial wavelength conversion in wavelength-routed WDM networks,'' in
Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM 2004 (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1363-1371.

E. Oki, D. Shimazaki, K. Shiomoto, N. Matsuura, and W.
Imajuku, ''Performance of distributed-controlled dynamic wavelength-conversion
GMPLS networks,'' presented at the International Conference on Optical
Communication and Networks, Singapore, November 2002.

H. Harai, M. Murata, and H. Miyahara, ''Heuristic
algorithm for allocation of wavelength convertible nodes and routing coordination
in all-optical networks,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 535-545
(1999).

J. Yamawaku, E. Yamazaki, A. Takada, and T. Morioka,
''Field trial of virtual-grouped-wavelength-path switching with QPM-LN waveband
converter and PLC matrix switch in JGN II test bed,'' Electron. Lett. 41, 88-89
(2005).

K. Xi, S. Arakawa, and M. Murata, ''How many
wavelength converters do we need?,'' presented at the Ninth Conference on Optical
Network Design and Modeling, Milan, Italy, 7-9 February 2005).

H. Harai and M. Murata, ''Establishing lightpaths of
an optical ring for distributed computing environment,'' presented at the Second
IEEE/Create-Net International Workshop on Networks for Grid Applications (GRIDNETS
2005), Boston, Mass., 6-7 October 2005.

H. Nakamoto, K. Baba, and M. Murata, ''Proposal of a
shared memory access method for lambda computing environment,'' in Optical
Networks and Technologies Conference (Springer, 2004), pp.
210-217.

H. Harai, M. Murata, and H. Miyahara, ''Heuristic
algorithm for allocation of wavelength convertible nodes and routing coordination
in all-optical networks,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 535-545
(1999).

J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N.
Sugimoto, T. Tanemura, and K. Kikuchi, ''Wavelength conversion of 40 Gbit/s NRZ
signal using four-wave mixing in 40-cm-long bismuth oxide based highly-nonlinear
optical fiber,'' presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Anaheim,
Calif., 6-11 March 2005, paper PD6.

H. Nakamoto, K. Baba, and M. Murata, ''Proposal of a
shared memory access method for lambda computing environment,'' in Optical
Networks and Technologies Conference (Springer, 2004), pp.
210-217.

J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N.
Sugimoto, T. Tanemura, and K. Kikuchi, ''Wavelength conversion of 40 Gbit/s NRZ
signal using four-wave mixing in 40-cm-long bismuth oxide based highly-nonlinear
optical fiber,'' presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Anaheim,
Calif., 6-11 March 2005, paper PD6.

E. Oki, D. Shimazaki, K. Shiomoto, N. Matsuura, and W.
Imajuku, ''Performance of distributed-controlled dynamic wavelength-conversion
GMPLS networks,'' presented at the International Conference on Optical
Communication and Networks, Singapore, November 2002.

K. Onohara, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, F. Kubota, and K.
Kitayama, ''Agile and highly efficient wavelength conversion using highly
nonlinear fiber for optical code-labeled packets,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.
17, 627-629 (2005).

B. Rajagopalan, D. Pendarakis, D. Saha, R. S.
Ramamoorthy, and K. Bala, ''IP over optical networks: architectural aspects,''
IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(9), 94-102 (2000).

B. Rajagopalan, D. Pendarakis, D. Saha, R. S.
Ramamoorthy, and K. Bala, ''IP over optical networks: architectural aspects,''
IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(9), 94-102 (2000).

B. Rajagopalan, D. Pendarakis, D. Saha, R. S.
Ramamoorthy, and K. Bala, ''IP over optical networks: architectural aspects,''
IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(9), 94-102 (2000).

B. Rajagopalan, D. Pendarakis, D. Saha, R. S.
Ramamoorthy, and K. Bala, ''IP over optical networks: architectural aspects,''
IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(9), 94-102 (2000).

E. Oki, D. Shimazaki, K. Shiomoto, N. Matsuura, and W.
Imajuku, ''Performance of distributed-controlled dynamic wavelength-conversion
GMPLS networks,'' presented at the International Conference on Optical
Communication and Networks, Singapore, November 2002.

E. Oki, D. Shimazaki, K. Shiomoto, N. Matsuura, and W.
Imajuku, ''Performance of distributed-controlled dynamic wavelength-conversion
GMPLS networks,'' presented at the International Conference on Optical
Communication and Networks, Singapore, November 2002.

S. Subramaniam, M. Azizoglu, and A. K. Somani, ''On
optimal converter placement in wavelength-routed networks,'' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw.
7, 754-766 (1999).

S. Subramaniam, M. Azizoglu, and A. K. Somani, ''On
optimal converter placement in wavelength-routed networks,'' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw.
7, 754-766 (1999).

J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N.
Sugimoto, T. Tanemura, and K. Kikuchi, ''Wavelength conversion of 40 Gbit/s NRZ
signal using four-wave mixing in 40-cm-long bismuth oxide based highly-nonlinear
optical fiber,'' presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Anaheim,
Calif., 6-11 March 2005, paper PD6.

J. Yamawaku, E. Yamazaki, A. Takada, and T. Morioka,
''Field trial of virtual-grouped-wavelength-path switching with QPM-LN waveband
converter and PLC matrix switch in JGN II test bed,'' Electron. Lett. 41, 88-89
(2005).

J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N.
Sugimoto, T. Tanemura, and K. Kikuchi, ''Wavelength conversion of 40 Gbit/s NRZ
signal using four-wave mixing in 40-cm-long bismuth oxide based highly-nonlinear
optical fiber,'' presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Anaheim,
Calif., 6-11 March 2005, paper PD6.

K. Onohara, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, F. Kubota, and K.
Kitayama, ''Agile and highly efficient wavelength conversion using highly
nonlinear fiber for optical code-labeled packets,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.
17, 627-629 (2005).

K. Xi, S. Arakawa, and M. Murata, ''How many
wavelength converters do we need?,'' presented at the Ninth Conference on Optical
Network Design and Modeling, Milan, Italy, 7-9 February 2005).

J. Yamawaku, E. Yamazaki, A. Takada, and T. Morioka,
''Field trial of virtual-grouped-wavelength-path switching with QPM-LN waveband
converter and PLC matrix switch in JGN II test bed,'' Electron. Lett. 41, 88-89
(2005).

J. Yamawaku, E. Yamazaki, A. Takada, and T. Morioka,
''Field trial of virtual-grouped-wavelength-path switching with QPM-LN waveband
converter and PLC matrix switch in JGN II test bed,'' Electron. Lett. 41, 88-89
(2005).

S. Yoo, ''Wavelength conversion technologies for WDM
network applications,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 955-966 (1996).

X. Chu, J. Liu, and Z. Zhang, ''Analysis of
sparse-partial wavelength conversion in wavelength-routed WDM networks,'' in
Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM 2004 (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1363-1371.

H. Harai, M. Murata, and H. Miyahara, ''Heuristic
algorithm for allocation of wavelength convertible nodes and routing coordination
in all-optical networks,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 535-545
(1999).

J. Yamawaku, E. Yamazaki, A. Takada, and T. Morioka,
''Field trial of virtual-grouped-wavelength-path switching with QPM-LN waveband
converter and PLC matrix switch in JGN II test bed,'' Electron. Lett. 41, 88-89
(2005).

B. Rajagopalan, D. Pendarakis, D. Saha, R. S.
Ramamoorthy, and K. Bala, ''IP over optical networks: architectural aspects,''
IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(9), 94-102 (2000).

K. Onohara, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, F. Kubota, and K.
Kitayama, ''Agile and highly efficient wavelength conversion using highly
nonlinear fiber for optical code-labeled packets,'' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.
17, 627-629 (2005).

S. Subramaniam, M. Azizoglu, and A. K. Somani, ''On
optimal converter placement in wavelength-routed networks,'' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw.
7, 754-766 (1999).

S. Yoo, ''Wavelength conversion technologies for WDM
network applications,'' J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 955-966 (1996).

J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N.
Sugimoto, T. Tanemura, and K. Kikuchi, ''Wavelength conversion of 40 Gbit/s NRZ
signal using four-wave mixing in 40-cm-long bismuth oxide based highly-nonlinear
optical fiber,'' presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Anaheim,
Calif., 6-11 March 2005, paper PD6.

Y. Awaji and H. Harai, National Institute of
Information and Communication Technology, Tokyo, Japan (personal communication,
2004).

http://www.furukawa.co.jp/jiho/fj109/fj109lowbar15.pdf
(January 2002).

K. Xi, S. Arakawa, and M. Murata, ''How many
wavelength converters do we need?,'' presented at the Ninth Conference on Optical
Network Design and Modeling, Milan, Italy, 7-9 February 2005).

International Telecommunication Union, ''Network grade
of service parameters and target values for circuit-switched services in the
evolving ISDN,'' Recommendation E.721 Telecommunication Standardization Sector of
ITU, Geneva, Switzerland, May (1999).

X. Chu, J. Liu, and Z. Zhang, ''Analysis of
sparse-partial wavelength conversion in wavelength-routed WDM networks,'' in
Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM 2004 (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1363-1371.

I. Foster and C. Kesselman, The Grid: Blueprint for a
New Computing Infrastracture (Morgan Kaufmann, 1998).

E. Oki, D. Shimazaki, K. Shiomoto, N. Matsuura, and W.
Imajuku, ''Performance of distributed-controlled dynamic wavelength-conversion
GMPLS networks,'' presented at the International Conference on Optical
Communication and Networks, Singapore, November 2002.

''OptIPuter,'' retrieved November 21, 2005,
http://www.optiputer.net/.

''CA*net4,'' retrieved November 21, 2005,
http://www.canarie.ca/canet4/.

H. Nakamoto, K. Baba, and M. Murata, ''Proposal of a
shared memory access method for lambda computing environment,'' in Optical
Networks and Technologies Conference (Springer, 2004), pp.
210-217.

H. Harai and M. Murata, ''Establishing lightpaths of
an optical ring for distributed computing environment,'' presented at the Second
IEEE/Create-Net International Workshop on Networks for Grid Applications (GRIDNETS
2005), Boston, Mass., 6-7 October 2005.