Abstract

We analyze the performance of an optical packet switch equipped with shared multicast wavelength converters. The architecture performance is evaluated by means of an analytical model, and it is compared to the performance of an optical packet switch equipped with shared unicast wavelength converters. The obtained results show that in a multicast traffic scenario the proposed architecture allows the wavelength converters to be saved. In some cases the gain can be of the order of 94%.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  29. V. Eramo, M. Listanti, and P. Pacifici, "A comparison study on the wavelength converters number needed in synchronous and asynchronous all-optical switching architectures," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 340-355 (2003).
  30. V. Eramo, M. Listanti, C. Nuzman, and P. Whiting, "Optical switch dimensioning and the classical occupancy roblem," Intl. J. Commun. Syst. 15(2), 127-141 (2002).
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2005 (1)

H. S. Chung, R. Inohara, K. Nishimura, and M. Usami, "All-optical multiwavelength conversion of 10 Gbit/s NRZ/RZ signals based on SOA-MZI for WDM multicasting," Electron. Lett. 41, 432-433 (2005).

2004 (2)

G. Contestabile, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, "Multiple wavelength conversion for WDM multicasting by FWM in an SOA," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1775-1777 (2004).

C. W. Chow, C. S. Whong, and H. K. Tsang, "All-optical modulation format conversion and multicasting using injection-locked laser diodes," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2386-2392 (2004).

2003 (2)

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, and P. Pacifici, "A comparison study on the wavelength converters number needed in synchronous and asynchronous all-optical switching architectures," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 340-355 (2003).

K. K. Chow and C. Shu, "All-optical wavelength conversion with multicasting at 6×10 Gbit/s using electroabsorption modulator," Electron. Lett. 39, 1395-1397 (2003).

2002 (2)

V. Eramo and M. Listanti, "Comparison of unicast/multicast optical packet switching architectures using wavelength conversion," Opt. Netw. Mag. 3(2), 63-75 (2002).

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, C. Nuzman, and P. Whiting, "Optical switch dimensioning and the classical occupancy roblem," Intl. J. Commun. Syst. 15(2), 127-141 (2002).

2001 (4)

B. Li, Y. Qin, X. Cao, and K. Sivalingam, "Photonic packet switching: architectures and performance," Opt. Netw. Mag. 2(1), 27-39 (2001).

L. Xu, H. G. Perros, and G. Rouskas, "Techniques for optical packet switching and optical burst switching," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(1), 136-142 (2001).

M. Mahony, D. Simeoniddu, D. Hunter, and A. Tzanamaki, "The application of optical packet switching in future communications networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(3), 128-135 (2001).

S. Yao, S. J. B. Yoo, B. Mukherjee, and S. Dixit, "All-optical packet switching for metropolitan area networks: opportunities and challenges," IEEE Commun, Mag. 39(3), 142-148 (2001).

2000 (4)

M. Listanti, R. Sabella, and V. Eramo, "Architectural and technological issues for future optical internet networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(9), 82-92 (2000).

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, and S. Dixit, "Advances in photonic packet switching: an overview," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(2), 84-94 (2000).

V. Eramo and M. Listanti, "Packet loss in a bufferless WDM switch employing shared tunable wavelength converters," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1818-1833 (2000).

L. Deming, N. J. Hong, and L. Chao, "Wavelength conversion based on cross-gain modulation of ASE of SOA," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1222-1224 (2000).

1998 (5)

C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

S. L. Danielsen, C. Jorgensen, B. Mikkelsen, T. Durhuus, and K. E. Stubbkyaer, "WDM packet switch architecture and analysis of the influence of tunable wavelength converters on the performance," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 729-735 (1998).

S. L. Danielsen, C. Jorgensen, B. Mikkelsen, and K. E. Stubbkyaer, "Analysis of a WDM packet switch with improved performance under bursty traffic conditions due to tunable wavelength converters," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 729-735 (1998).

S. L. Danielsen, P. B. Hansen, and K. E. Stubbkyaer, "Wavelength conversion in optical packet switch," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2095-2108 (1998).

S. L. Danielsen, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, and K. E. Stubkyaer, "Optical packet switched network layer without optical buffers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 896-898 (1998).

1996 (1)

I. Chlamtac, A. Fumagalli, L. Kazovsky, P. Melman, W. Nelson, P. Boggiolini, M. Cerisola, A. Choudhury, T. Fong, R. Hofmeister, C. Lu, A. Mekkittikul, D. Sabido, C. Suh, and E. Wong, "CORD: contention resolution by delay lines," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 1014-1029 (1996).

1994 (1)

Y. Yamada, K. Sasayama, and K. Habara, "BER measurements in frequency-division multiplexed optical loop buffer at data rate of 2.5 Gbit/s," Electron Lett. 30, 1869-1871 (1994).

1988 (1)

M. G. Hluchyj and M. Karol, "Queuing in high performance packet switching," IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. 6, 1587-1597 (1988).

1987 (1)

Y. S. Yeh, M. G. Hluchyj, and A. Acampora, "The knockout switch: a simple, modular architecture for high-performance packet switching," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 5, 1274-1283 (1987).

Acampora, A.

Y. S. Yeh, M. G. Hluchyj, and A. Acampora, "The knockout switch: a simple, modular architecture for high-performance packet switching," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 5, 1274-1283 (1987).

Akiba, S.

N. Edagawa, M. Suzuki, S. Yamamoto, and S. Akiba, "Novel wavelength converter using an electro-absorption modulator: conversion experiments at up to 40 Gbit/s," in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1997), pp. 77-78.

Andronovic, I.

C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

Bauknecht, R.

C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

Bernasconi, P. G.

J. L. Pleumeekers, J. Leuthold, M. Kauer, P. G. Bernasconi, and C. A. Burrus, "All-optical wavelength conversion and broadcasting to eight separate channels by a SOA delay interferometer," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 596-597.

Blumenthal, D. J.

L. Rau, B. E. Olsson, and D. J. Blumenthal, "Wavelength multicasting using an ultra high-speed all-optical wavelength converter," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 58 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, (2001), pp. WDD52-1.

Boggiolini, P.

I. Chlamtac, A. Fumagalli, L. Kazovsky, P. Melman, W. Nelson, P. Boggiolini, M. Cerisola, A. Choudhury, T. Fong, R. Hofmeister, C. Lu, A. Mekkittikul, D. Sabido, C. Suh, and E. Wong, "CORD: contention resolution by delay lines," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 1014-1029 (1996).

Bostica, B.

C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

Burrus, C. A.

J. L. Pleumeekers, J. Leuthold, M. Kauer, P. G. Bernasconi, and C. A. Burrus, "All-optical wavelength conversion and broadcasting to eight separate channels by a SOA delay interferometer," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 596-597.

Burzio, M.

C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

Callegati, F.

C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

Cao, X.

B. Li, Y. Qin, X. Cao, and K. Sivalingam, "Photonic packet switching: architectures and performance," Opt. Netw. Mag. 2(1), 27-39 (2001).

Casoni, M.

C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

Cerisola, M.

I. Chlamtac, A. Fumagalli, L. Kazovsky, P. Melman, W. Nelson, P. Boggiolini, M. Cerisola, A. Choudhury, T. Fong, R. Hofmeister, C. Lu, A. Mekkittikul, D. Sabido, C. Suh, and E. Wong, "CORD: contention resolution by delay lines," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 1014-1029 (1996).

Chao, L.

L. Deming, N. J. Hong, and L. Chao, "Wavelength conversion based on cross-gain modulation of ASE of SOA," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1222-1224 (2000).

Chiaroni, D.

C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

Chlamtac, I.

I. Chlamtac, A. Fumagalli, L. Kazovsky, P. Melman, W. Nelson, P. Boggiolini, M. Cerisola, A. Choudhury, T. Fong, R. Hofmeister, C. Lu, A. Mekkittikul, D. Sabido, C. Suh, and E. Wong, "CORD: contention resolution by delay lines," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 1014-1029 (1996).

Choudhury, A.

I. Chlamtac, A. Fumagalli, L. Kazovsky, P. Melman, W. Nelson, P. Boggiolini, M. Cerisola, A. Choudhury, T. Fong, R. Hofmeister, C. Lu, A. Mekkittikul, D. Sabido, C. Suh, and E. Wong, "CORD: contention resolution by delay lines," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 1014-1029 (1996).

Chow, C. W.

Chow, K. K.

K. K. Chow and C. Shu, "All-optical wavelength conversion with multicasting at 6×10 Gbit/s using electroabsorption modulator," Electron. Lett. 39, 1395-1397 (2003).

Chung, H. S.

H. S. Chung, R. Inohara, K. Nishimura, and M. Usami, "All-optical multiwavelength conversion of 10 Gbit/s NRZ/RZ signals based on SOA-MZI for WDM multicasting," Electron. Lett. 41, 432-433 (2005).

Ciaramella, E.

G. Contestabile, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, "Multiple wavelength conversion for WDM multicasting by FWM in an SOA," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1775-1777 (2004).

Clerot, F.

C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

Contestabile, G.

G. Contestabile, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, "Multiple wavelength conversion for WDM multicasting by FWM in an SOA," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1775-1777 (2004).

Danielsen, S.

C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

Danielsen, S. L.

S. L. Danielsen, C. Jorgensen, B. Mikkelsen, T. Durhuus, and K. E. Stubbkyaer, "WDM packet switch architecture and analysis of the influence of tunable wavelength converters on the performance," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 729-735 (1998).

S. L. Danielsen, C. Jorgensen, B. Mikkelsen, and K. E. Stubbkyaer, "Analysis of a WDM packet switch with improved performance under bursty traffic conditions due to tunable wavelength converters," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 729-735 (1998).

S. L. Danielsen, P. B. Hansen, and K. E. Stubbkyaer, "Wavelength conversion in optical packet switch," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2095-2108 (1998).

S. L. Danielsen, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, and K. E. Stubkyaer, "Optical packet switched network layer without optical buffers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 896-898 (1998).

Deming, L.

L. Deming, N. J. Hong, and L. Chao, "Wavelength conversion based on cross-gain modulation of ASE of SOA," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1222-1224 (2000).

Dixit, S.

S. Yao, S. J. B. Yoo, B. Mukherjee, and S. Dixit, "All-optical packet switching for metropolitan area networks: opportunities and challenges," IEEE Commun, Mag. 39(3), 142-148 (2001).

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, and S. Dixit, "Advances in photonic packet switching: an overview," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(2), 84-94 (2000).

Dorgeuille, F.

C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

Dupes, A.

C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

Durhuus, T.

S. L. Danielsen, C. Jorgensen, B. Mikkelsen, T. Durhuus, and K. E. Stubbkyaer, "WDM packet switch architecture and analysis of the influence of tunable wavelength converters on the performance," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 729-735 (1998).

Edagawa, N.

N. Edagawa, M. Suzuki, S. Yamamoto, and S. Akiba, "Novel wavelength converter using an electro-absorption modulator: conversion experiments at up to 40 Gbit/s," in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1997), pp. 77-78.

Eramo, V.

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, and P. Pacifici, "A comparison study on the wavelength converters number needed in synchronous and asynchronous all-optical switching architectures," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 340-355 (2003).

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, C. Nuzman, and P. Whiting, "Optical switch dimensioning and the classical occupancy roblem," Intl. J. Commun. Syst. 15(2), 127-141 (2002).

V. Eramo and M. Listanti, "Comparison of unicast/multicast optical packet switching architectures using wavelength conversion," Opt. Netw. Mag. 3(2), 63-75 (2002).

V. Eramo and M. Listanti, "Packet loss in a bufferless WDM switch employing shared tunable wavelength converters," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1818-1833 (2000).

M. Listanti, R. Sabella, and V. Eramo, "Architectural and technological issues for future optical internet networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(9), 82-92 (2000).

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C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

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C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

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C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

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Y. Yamada, K. Sasayama, and K. Habara, "BER measurements in frequency-division multiplexed optical loop buffer at data rate of 2.5 Gbit/s," Electron Lett. 30, 1869-1871 (1994).

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C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

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I. Chlamtac, A. Fumagalli, L. Kazovsky, P. Melman, W. Nelson, P. Boggiolini, M. Cerisola, A. Choudhury, T. Fong, R. Hofmeister, C. Lu, A. Mekkittikul, D. Sabido, C. Suh, and E. Wong, "CORD: contention resolution by delay lines," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 1014-1029 (1996).

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L. Deming, N. J. Hong, and L. Chao, "Wavelength conversion based on cross-gain modulation of ASE of SOA," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1222-1224 (2000).

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M. Mahony, D. Simeoniddu, D. Hunter, and A. Tzanamaki, "The application of optical packet switching in future communications networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(3), 128-135 (2001).

C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

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H. S. Chung, R. Inohara, K. Nishimura, and M. Usami, "All-optical multiwavelength conversion of 10 Gbit/s NRZ/RZ signals based on SOA-MZI for WDM multicasting," Electron. Lett. 41, 432-433 (2005).

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C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

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Jorgensen, C.

S. L. Danielsen, C. Jorgensen, B. Mikkelsen, T. Durhuus, and K. E. Stubbkyaer, "WDM packet switch architecture and analysis of the influence of tunable wavelength converters on the performance," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 729-735 (1998).

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M. G. Hluchyj and M. Karol, "Queuing in high performance packet switching," IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. 6, 1587-1597 (1988).

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J. L. Pleumeekers, J. Leuthold, M. Kauer, P. G. Bernasconi, and C. A. Burrus, "All-optical wavelength conversion and broadcasting to eight separate channels by a SOA delay interferometer," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 596-597.

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I. Chlamtac, A. Fumagalli, L. Kazovsky, P. Melman, W. Nelson, P. Boggiolini, M. Cerisola, A. Choudhury, T. Fong, R. Hofmeister, C. Lu, A. Mekkittikul, D. Sabido, C. Suh, and E. Wong, "CORD: contention resolution by delay lines," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 1014-1029 (1996).

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C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

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C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

Lavigne, B.

C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

Le Corre, A.

C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

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J. L. Pleumeekers, J. Leuthold, M. Kauer, P. G. Bernasconi, and C. A. Burrus, "All-optical wavelength conversion and broadcasting to eight separate channels by a SOA delay interferometer," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 596-597.

Li, B.

B. Li, Y. Qin, X. Cao, and K. Sivalingam, "Photonic packet switching: architectures and performance," Opt. Netw. Mag. 2(1), 27-39 (2001).

Listanti, M.

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, and P. Pacifici, "A comparison study on the wavelength converters number needed in synchronous and asynchronous all-optical switching architectures," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 340-355 (2003).

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, C. Nuzman, and P. Whiting, "Optical switch dimensioning and the classical occupancy roblem," Intl. J. Commun. Syst. 15(2), 127-141 (2002).

V. Eramo and M. Listanti, "Comparison of unicast/multicast optical packet switching architectures using wavelength conversion," Opt. Netw. Mag. 3(2), 63-75 (2002).

V. Eramo and M. Listanti, "Packet loss in a bufferless WDM switch employing shared tunable wavelength converters," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1818-1833 (2000).

M. Listanti, R. Sabella, and V. Eramo, "Architectural and technological issues for future optical internet networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(9), 82-92 (2000).

Lu, C.

I. Chlamtac, A. Fumagalli, L. Kazovsky, P. Melman, W. Nelson, P. Boggiolini, M. Cerisola, A. Choudhury, T. Fong, R. Hofmeister, C. Lu, A. Mekkittikul, D. Sabido, C. Suh, and E. Wong, "CORD: contention resolution by delay lines," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 1014-1029 (1996).

Luo, T.

Y. Wang, C. Yu, and T. Luo, L. Pan, L. Yan, and A. Willner, "Tunable all-optical wavelength conversion and wavelength multicasting using orthogonally-polarized fiber FWM," presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, San Francisco, Calif., 21-26 May 2004.

Mahony, M.

M. Mahony, D. Simeoniddu, D. Hunter, and A. Tzanamaki, "The application of optical packet switching in future communications networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(3), 128-135 (2001).

Mekkittikul, A.

I. Chlamtac, A. Fumagalli, L. Kazovsky, P. Melman, W. Nelson, P. Boggiolini, M. Cerisola, A. Choudhury, T. Fong, R. Hofmeister, C. Lu, A. Mekkittikul, D. Sabido, C. Suh, and E. Wong, "CORD: contention resolution by delay lines," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 1014-1029 (1996).

Melman, P.

I. Chlamtac, A. Fumagalli, L. Kazovsky, P. Melman, W. Nelson, P. Boggiolini, M. Cerisola, A. Choudhury, T. Fong, R. Hofmeister, C. Lu, A. Mekkittikul, D. Sabido, C. Suh, and E. Wong, "CORD: contention resolution by delay lines," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 1014-1029 (1996).

Mikkelsen, B.

S. L. Danielsen, C. Jorgensen, B. Mikkelsen, T. Durhuus, and K. E. Stubbkyaer, "WDM packet switch architecture and analysis of the influence of tunable wavelength converters on the performance," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 729-735 (1998).

S. L. Danielsen, C. Jorgensen, B. Mikkelsen, and K. E. Stubbkyaer, "Analysis of a WDM packet switch with improved performance under bursty traffic conditions due to tunable wavelength converters," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 729-735 (1998).

S. L. Danielsen, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, and K. E. Stubkyaer, "Optical packet switched network layer without optical buffers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 896-898 (1998).

Mukherjee, B.

S. Yao, S. J. B. Yoo, B. Mukherjee, and S. Dixit, "All-optical packet switching for metropolitan area networks: opportunities and challenges," IEEE Commun, Mag. 39(3), 142-148 (2001).

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, and S. Dixit, "Advances in photonic packet switching: an overview," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(2), 84-94 (2000).

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I. Chlamtac, A. Fumagalli, L. Kazovsky, P. Melman, W. Nelson, P. Boggiolini, M. Cerisola, A. Choudhury, T. Fong, R. Hofmeister, C. Lu, A. Mekkittikul, D. Sabido, C. Suh, and E. Wong, "CORD: contention resolution by delay lines," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 1014-1029 (1996).

Nishimura, K.

H. S. Chung, R. Inohara, K. Nishimura, and M. Usami, "All-optical multiwavelength conversion of 10 Gbit/s NRZ/RZ signals based on SOA-MZI for WDM multicasting," Electron. Lett. 41, 432-433 (2005).

Nuzman, C.

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, C. Nuzman, and P. Whiting, "Optical switch dimensioning and the classical occupancy roblem," Intl. J. Commun. Syst. 15(2), 127-141 (2002).

Obake, R.

F. Futami, R. Obake, Y. Takita, and S. Watanabe, "Transparent wavelength conversion at up to 160 Gb/s by using supercontinuum generation in a nonlinear fiber," presented at theOSA Topical Meeting on Optical Amplifiers and their Applications, Otaru, Japan, July 2003.

Olsson, B. E.

L. Rau, B. E. Olsson, and D. J. Blumenthal, "Wavelength multicasting using an ultra high-speed all-optical wavelength converter," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 58 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, (2001), pp. WDD52-1.

Pacifici, P.

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, and P. Pacifici, "A comparison study on the wavelength converters number needed in synchronous and asynchronous all-optical switching architectures," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 340-355 (2003).

Pan, L.

Y. Wang, C. Yu, and T. Luo, L. Pan, L. Yan, and A. Willner, "Tunable all-optical wavelength conversion and wavelength multicasting using orthogonally-polarized fiber FWM," presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, San Francisco, Calif., 21-26 May 2004.

Perros, H. G.

L. Xu, H. G. Perros, and G. Rouskas, "Techniques for optical packet switching and optical burst switching," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(1), 136-142 (2001).

Pleumeekers, J. L.

J. L. Pleumeekers, J. Leuthold, M. Kauer, P. G. Bernasconi, and C. A. Burrus, "All-optical wavelength conversion and broadcasting to eight separate channels by a SOA delay interferometer," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 596-597.

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G. Contestabile, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, "Multiple wavelength conversion for WDM multicasting by FWM in an SOA," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1775-1777 (2004).

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B. Li, Y. Qin, X. Cao, and K. Sivalingam, "Photonic packet switching: architectures and performance," Opt. Netw. Mag. 2(1), 27-39 (2001).

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C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

Rau, L.

L. Rau, B. E. Olsson, and D. J. Blumenthal, "Wavelength multicasting using an ultra high-speed all-optical wavelength converter," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 58 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, (2001), pp. WDD52-1.

Renaud, M.

C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

M. Renaud, C. Janz, P. Gambini, and C. Guillemot, "Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," in IEEE Laser and Electro-Optics Society 1999 Annual Meeting (IEEE, 1999), Vol. 2, pp. 401-402.

Rouskas, G.

L. Xu, H. G. Perros, and G. Rouskas, "Techniques for optical packet switching and optical burst switching," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(1), 136-142 (2001).

Sabella, R.

M. Listanti, R. Sabella, and V. Eramo, "Architectural and technological issues for future optical internet networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(9), 82-92 (2000).

Sabido, D.

I. Chlamtac, A. Fumagalli, L. Kazovsky, P. Melman, W. Nelson, P. Boggiolini, M. Cerisola, A. Choudhury, T. Fong, R. Hofmeister, C. Lu, A. Mekkittikul, D. Sabido, C. Suh, and E. Wong, "CORD: contention resolution by delay lines," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 1014-1029 (1996).

Sasayama, K.

Y. Yamada, K. Sasayama, and K. Habara, "BER measurements in frequency-division multiplexed optical loop buffer at data rate of 2.5 Gbit/s," Electron Lett. 30, 1869-1871 (1994).

Schilling, M.

C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

Shu, C.

K. K. Chow and C. Shu, "All-optical wavelength conversion with multicasting at 6×10 Gbit/s using electroabsorption modulator," Electron. Lett. 39, 1395-1397 (2003).

Simeoniddu, D.

M. Mahony, D. Simeoniddu, D. Hunter, and A. Tzanamaki, "The application of optical packet switching in future communications networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(3), 128-135 (2001).

Simon, J.-C.

C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

Sivalingam, K.

B. Li, Y. Qin, X. Cao, and K. Sivalingam, "Photonic packet switching: architectures and performance," Opt. Netw. Mag. 2(1), 27-39 (2001).

Stubbkyaer, K. E.

S. L. Danielsen, C. Jorgensen, B. Mikkelsen, and K. E. Stubbkyaer, "Analysis of a WDM packet switch with improved performance under bursty traffic conditions due to tunable wavelength converters," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 729-735 (1998).

S. L. Danielsen, P. B. Hansen, and K. E. Stubbkyaer, "Wavelength conversion in optical packet switch," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2095-2108 (1998).

S. L. Danielsen, C. Jorgensen, B. Mikkelsen, T. Durhuus, and K. E. Stubbkyaer, "WDM packet switch architecture and analysis of the influence of tunable wavelength converters on the performance," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 729-735 (1998).

Stubkyaer, K. E.

S. L. Danielsen, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, and K. E. Stubkyaer, "Optical packet switched network layer without optical buffers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 896-898 (1998).

Suh, C.

I. Chlamtac, A. Fumagalli, L. Kazovsky, P. Melman, W. Nelson, P. Boggiolini, M. Cerisola, A. Choudhury, T. Fong, R. Hofmeister, C. Lu, A. Mekkittikul, D. Sabido, C. Suh, and E. Wong, "CORD: contention resolution by delay lines," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 1014-1029 (1996).

Suzuki, M.

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F. Futami, R. Obake, Y. Takita, and S. Watanabe, "Transparent wavelength conversion at up to 160 Gb/s by using supercontinuum generation in a nonlinear fiber," presented at theOSA Topical Meeting on Optical Amplifiers and their Applications, Otaru, Japan, July 2003.

Tsang, H. K.

Tzanamaki, A.

M. Mahony, D. Simeoniddu, D. Hunter, and A. Tzanamaki, "The application of optical packet switching in future communications networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(3), 128-135 (2001).

Usami, M.

H. S. Chung, R. Inohara, K. Nishimura, and M. Usami, "All-optical multiwavelength conversion of 10 Gbit/s NRZ/RZ signals based on SOA-MZI for WDM multicasting," Electron. Lett. 41, 432-433 (2005).

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, C. Yu, and T. Luo, L. Pan, L. Yan, and A. Willner, "Tunable all-optical wavelength conversion and wavelength multicasting using orthogonally-polarized fiber FWM," presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, San Francisco, Calif., 21-26 May 2004.

Watanabe, S.

F. Futami, R. Obake, Y. Takita, and S. Watanabe, "Transparent wavelength conversion at up to 160 Gb/s by using supercontinuum generation in a nonlinear fiber," presented at theOSA Topical Meeting on Optical Amplifiers and their Applications, Otaru, Japan, July 2003.

Whiting, P.

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, C. Nuzman, and P. Whiting, "Optical switch dimensioning and the classical occupancy roblem," Intl. J. Commun. Syst. 15(2), 127-141 (2002).

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Willner, A.

Y. Wang, C. Yu, and T. Luo, L. Pan, L. Yan, and A. Willner, "Tunable all-optical wavelength conversion and wavelength multicasting using orthogonally-polarized fiber FWM," presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, San Francisco, Calif., 21-26 May 2004.

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L. Xu, H. G. Perros, and G. Rouskas, "Techniques for optical packet switching and optical burst switching," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(1), 136-142 (2001).

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Y. Yamada, K. Sasayama, and K. Habara, "BER measurements in frequency-division multiplexed optical loop buffer at data rate of 2.5 Gbit/s," Electron Lett. 30, 1869-1871 (1994).

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N. Edagawa, M. Suzuki, S. Yamamoto, and S. Akiba, "Novel wavelength converter using an electro-absorption modulator: conversion experiments at up to 40 Gbit/s," in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1997), pp. 77-78.

Yan, L.

Y. Wang, C. Yu, and T. Luo, L. Pan, L. Yan, and A. Willner, "Tunable all-optical wavelength conversion and wavelength multicasting using orthogonally-polarized fiber FWM," presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, San Francisco, Calif., 21-26 May 2004.

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S. Yao, S. J. B. Yoo, B. Mukherjee, and S. Dixit, "All-optical packet switching for metropolitan area networks: opportunities and challenges," IEEE Commun, Mag. 39(3), 142-148 (2001).

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, and S. Dixit, "Advances in photonic packet switching: an overview," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(2), 84-94 (2000).

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Y. S. Yeh, M. G. Hluchyj, and A. Acampora, "The knockout switch: a simple, modular architecture for high-performance packet switching," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 5, 1274-1283 (1987).

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S. Yao, S. J. B. Yoo, B. Mukherjee, and S. Dixit, "All-optical packet switching for metropolitan area networks: opportunities and challenges," IEEE Commun, Mag. 39(3), 142-148 (2001).

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Y. Wang, C. Yu, and T. Luo, L. Pan, L. Yan, and A. Willner, "Tunable all-optical wavelength conversion and wavelength multicasting using orthogonally-polarized fiber FWM," presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, San Francisco, Calif., 21-26 May 2004.

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C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andronovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupes, A. Franzen, P. Hansen, D. Hunter, A. Klock, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaeilli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli,"Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

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V. Eramo and M. Listanti, "Packet loss in a bufferless WDM switch employing shared tunable wavelength converters," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1818-1833 (2000).

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Y. Yamada, K. Sasayama, and K. Habara, "BER measurements in frequency-division multiplexed optical loop buffer at data rate of 2.5 Gbit/s," Electron Lett. 30, 1869-1871 (1994).

Electron. Lett. (2)

H. S. Chung, R. Inohara, K. Nishimura, and M. Usami, "All-optical multiwavelength conversion of 10 Gbit/s NRZ/RZ signals based on SOA-MZI for WDM multicasting," Electron. Lett. 41, 432-433 (2005).

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S. Yao, S. J. B. Yoo, B. Mukherjee, and S. Dixit, "All-optical packet switching for metropolitan area networks: opportunities and challenges," IEEE Commun, Mag. 39(3), 142-148 (2001).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (3)

L. Xu, H. G. Perros, and G. Rouskas, "Techniques for optical packet switching and optical burst switching," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(1), 136-142 (2001).

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, and S. Dixit, "Advances in photonic packet switching: an overview," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(2), 84-94 (2000).

M. Mahony, D. Simeoniddu, D. Hunter, and A. Tzanamaki, "The application of optical packet switching in future communications networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(3), 128-135 (2001).

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I. Chlamtac, A. Fumagalli, L. Kazovsky, P. Melman, W. Nelson, P. Boggiolini, M. Cerisola, A. Choudhury, T. Fong, R. Hofmeister, C. Lu, A. Mekkittikul, D. Sabido, C. Suh, and E. Wong, "CORD: contention resolution by delay lines," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 1014-1029 (1996).

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S. L. Danielsen, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, and K. E. Stubkyaer, "Optical packet switched network layer without optical buffers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 896-898 (1998).

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M. Listanti, R. Sabella, and V. Eramo, "Architectural and technological issues for future optical internet networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(9), 82-92 (2000).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

Y. S. Yeh, M. G. Hluchyj, and A. Acampora, "The knockout switch: a simple, modular architecture for high-performance packet switching," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 5, 1274-1283 (1987).

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M. G. Hluchyj and M. Karol, "Queuing in high performance packet switching," IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. 6, 1587-1597 (1988).

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V. Eramo, M. Listanti, C. Nuzman, and P. Whiting, "Optical switch dimensioning and the classical occupancy roblem," Intl. J. Commun. Syst. 15(2), 127-141 (2002).

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V. Eramo, M. Listanti, and P. Pacifici, "A comparison study on the wavelength converters number needed in synchronous and asynchronous all-optical switching architectures," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 340-355 (2003).

S. L. Danielsen, C. Jorgensen, B. Mikkelsen, and K. E. Stubbkyaer, "Analysis of a WDM packet switch with improved performance under bursty traffic conditions due to tunable wavelength converters," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 729-735 (1998).

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S. L. Danielsen, C. Jorgensen, B. Mikkelsen, T. Durhuus, and K. E. Stubbkyaer, "WDM packet switch architecture and analysis of the influence of tunable wavelength converters on the performance," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 729-735 (1998).

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B. Li, Y. Qin, X. Cao, and K. Sivalingam, "Photonic packet switching: architectures and performance," Opt. Netw. Mag. 2(1), 27-39 (2001).

Opt. Netw. Mag. (1)

V. Eramo and M. Listanti, "Comparison of unicast/multicast optical packet switching architectures using wavelength conversion," Opt. Netw. Mag. 3(2), 63-75 (2002).

Other (7)

N. Edagawa, M. Suzuki, S. Yamamoto, and S. Akiba, "Novel wavelength converter using an electro-absorption modulator: conversion experiments at up to 40 Gbit/s," in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1997), pp. 77-78.

F. Futami, R. Obake, Y. Takita, and S. Watanabe, "Transparent wavelength conversion at up to 160 Gb/s by using supercontinuum generation in a nonlinear fiber," presented at theOSA Topical Meeting on Optical Amplifiers and their Applications, Otaru, Japan, July 2003.

J. L. Pleumeekers, J. Leuthold, M. Kauer, P. G. Bernasconi, and C. A. Burrus, "All-optical wavelength conversion and broadcasting to eight separate channels by a SOA delay interferometer," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 596-597.

M. Renaud, C. Janz, P. Gambini, and C. Guillemot, "Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach," in IEEE Laser and Electro-Optics Society 1999 Annual Meeting (IEEE, 1999), Vol. 2, pp. 401-402.

Y. Wang, C. Yu, and T. Luo, L. Pan, L. Yan, and A. Willner, "Tunable all-optical wavelength conversion and wavelength multicasting using orthogonally-polarized fiber FWM," presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, San Francisco, Calif., 21-26 May 2004.

L. Rau, B. E. Olsson, and D. J. Blumenthal, "Wavelength multicasting using an ultra high-speed all-optical wavelength converter," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 58 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, (2001), pp. WDD52-1.

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