Abstract

<p><a href="http://www.osa-jon.org/virtual_issue.cfm?vid=22">Feature Issue on Waveband Switching, Routing, and Grooming</a></p>Based on all-optical switches without requiring fiber delay lines and optical-electrical-optical interfaces, the multigranular optical switching (MGOS) network integrates three transport services via unified core control to efficiently support bursty and stream traffic of subwavelength to multiwavelength bandwidth. Adaptive robust optical burst switching (AR-OBS) aggregates subwavelength burst traffic into asynchronous light-rate bursts, transported via slotted-time light paths established by fast two-way reservation with robust blocking recovery control. Multiwavelength optical switching (MW-OS) decomposes multiwavelength stream traffic into a group of timing-related light-rate streams, transported via a light-path group to meet end-to-end delay-variation requirements. Optical circuit switching (OCS) simply converts wavelength stream traffic from an electrical-rate into a light-rate stream. The MGOS network employs decoupled routing, wavelength, and time-slot assignment (RWTA) and novel group routing and wavelength assignment (GRWA) to select slotted-time light paths and light-path groups, respectively. The selected resources are reserved by the unified multigranular robust fast optical reservation protocol (MG-RFORP). Simulation results show that elastic traffic is efficiently supported via AR-OBS in terms of loss rate and wavelength utilization, while connection-oriented wavelength traffic is efficiently supported via wavelength-routed OCS in terms of connection blocking and wavelength utilization. The GRWA-tuning result for MW-OS is also shown.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. L.Berger, ed. 'Generalized multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS) signaling functional description,' RFC3471 (Internet Engineering Task Force, January 2003).
  2. International Telecommunication Union Standardization Sector, 'Architecture for the automatically switched optical network (ASON),' ITU-T draft recommendation G.8080/Y.1304 (International Telecommunication Union Standardization Sector, November 2001), http://www.itu.int/ITU-T.
  3. X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, 'Performance evaluation of wavelength band switching in multi-fiber all-optical networks,' in IEEE Infocom'03 (IEEE, 2003), pp. 2251-2261.
  4. C. Qiao and M. Yoo, 'Optical burst switching (OBS)--a new paradigm for an optical internet,' J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).
  5. J. Y. Wei and R. I. McFarland, 'Just-in-time signaling for WDM optical burst switching networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 2019-2037 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Yoo and C. Qiao, 'Just-enough-time (JET): a high speed protocol for bursty traffic in optical networks,' in Proceeding of IEEE/LEOS Conference on Technologies for a Global Information Infrastructure (IEEE/LEOS, 1997), pp. 26-27.
  7. C. Qiao, 'Polymorphic control for cost-effective design of optical networks,' Special issue on WDM Networks, Eur. Trans. Telecommun. (ETT) 11, 17-26 (1997).
  8. R. Buyya, High Performance Cluster Computing (Prentice Hall, 1999).
  9. X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, 'A study of waveband switching with multilayer multigranular optical cross-connects,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1081-1095 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Yao, C. Ou, and B. Mukherjee, 'Design of hybrid optical networks with waveband and electrical TDM switching,' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM 2003 (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 5, pp. 2803-2808.
  11. R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, Y. Maeno, and S. Araki, 'Hybrid hierarchical optical networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(11), 88-94 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. Xin, C. Qiao, Y. Ye, and S. Dixit, 'A hybrid optical switching approach,' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM 2003 (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 7, pp. 3808-3812.
  13. G. M. Lee, B. Wydrowski, M. Zukerman, J. K. Choi, and C. H. Foh, 'Performance evaluation of an optical hybrid switching system,' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM 2003 (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 5, 2508-2512.
  14. I. de Miguel, C. González, T. Koonen, R. Durán, P. Fernández, and I. T. Monroy, 'Polymorphic architectures for optical networks and their seamless evolution towards next generation networks,' Photonic Netw. Commun. 8, 177-189 (2004).
  15. E. Van Breusegem, J. Cheyns, D. De Winter, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, and J. Moreau, 'A broad view on overspill routing in optical networks: a real synthesis of packet and circuit switching,' Opt. Switch. Netw. 1, 51-64 (2005).
  16. M. Duser and P. Bayvel, 'Analysis of a dynamically wavelength-routed optical burst switched network architecture,' J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 574-585 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  17. L.Berger, ed., 'Generalized multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS) signaling resource reservation protocol-traffic engineering (RSVP-TE) extensions,' RFC 3473, (Internet Engineering Task Force, January 2003).
  18. O. Yu, H. Xu, and L. Yin, 'Adaptive robust optical burst,' in Proceedings of the IEEE/Create-Net International Workshop on Networks for Grid (GridNets 2005) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 524-529.
  19. N. F. Huang, G. H. Liaw, and C. P. Wang, 'A novel all-optical transport network with time-shared wavelength channels,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1863-1875 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  20. B. Wen and K. M. Sivalingam, 'Routing, wavelength and time-slot assignment in time division multiplexed wavelength-routed optical WDM networks,' in Proeedings of IEEE INFOCOM (IEEE, 2002), pp. 2598-2609.
  21. R. M. Krishnaswamy and K. N. Sivarajan, 'Design of logical topologies: a linear formulation for wavelength-routed optical networks with no wavelength changers,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 9, 186-198(2001).

2005 (1)

E. Van Breusegem, J. Cheyns, D. De Winter, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, and J. Moreau, 'A broad view on overspill routing in optical networks: a real synthesis of packet and circuit switching,' Opt. Switch. Netw. 1, 51-64 (2005).

2004 (1)

I. de Miguel, C. González, T. Koonen, R. Durán, P. Fernández, and I. T. Monroy, 'Polymorphic architectures for optical networks and their seamless evolution towards next generation networks,' Photonic Netw. Commun. 8, 177-189 (2004).

2003 (1)

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, 'A study of waveband switching with multilayer multigranular optical cross-connects,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1081-1095 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, Y. Maeno, and S. Araki, 'Hybrid hierarchical optical networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(11), 88-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Duser and P. Bayvel, 'Analysis of a dynamically wavelength-routed optical burst switched network architecture,' J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 574-585 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

R. M. Krishnaswamy and K. N. Sivarajan, 'Design of logical topologies: a linear formulation for wavelength-routed optical networks with no wavelength changers,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 9, 186-198(2001).

2000 (2)

N. F. Huang, G. H. Liaw, and C. P. Wang, 'A novel all-optical transport network with time-shared wavelength channels,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1863-1875 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Wei and R. I. McFarland, 'Just-in-time signaling for WDM optical burst switching networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 2019-2037 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

C. Qiao and M. Yoo, 'Optical burst switching (OBS)--a new paradigm for an optical internet,' J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).

Anand, V.

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, 'A study of waveband switching with multilayer multigranular optical cross-connects,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1081-1095 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, 'Performance evaluation of wavelength band switching in multi-fiber all-optical networks,' in IEEE Infocom'03 (IEEE, 2003), pp. 2251-2261.

Araki, S.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, Y. Maeno, and S. Araki, 'Hybrid hierarchical optical networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(11), 88-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bayvel, P.

Buyya, R.

R. Buyya, High Performance Cluster Computing (Prentice Hall, 1999).

Cao, X.

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, 'A study of waveband switching with multilayer multigranular optical cross-connects,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1081-1095 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, 'Performance evaluation of wavelength band switching in multi-fiber all-optical networks,' in IEEE Infocom'03 (IEEE, 2003), pp. 2251-2261.

Cheyns, J.

E. Van Breusegem, J. Cheyns, D. De Winter, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, and J. Moreau, 'A broad view on overspill routing in optical networks: a real synthesis of packet and circuit switching,' Opt. Switch. Netw. 1, 51-64 (2005).

Choi, J. K.

G. M. Lee, B. Wydrowski, M. Zukerman, J. K. Choi, and C. H. Foh, 'Performance evaluation of an optical hybrid switching system,' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM 2003 (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 5, 2508-2512.

Colle, D.

E. Van Breusegem, J. Cheyns, D. De Winter, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, and J. Moreau, 'A broad view on overspill routing in optical networks: a real synthesis of packet and circuit switching,' Opt. Switch. Netw. 1, 51-64 (2005).

de Miguel, I.

I. de Miguel, C. González, T. Koonen, R. Durán, P. Fernández, and I. T. Monroy, 'Polymorphic architectures for optical networks and their seamless evolution towards next generation networks,' Photonic Netw. Commun. 8, 177-189 (2004).

De Winter, D.

E. Van Breusegem, J. Cheyns, D. De Winter, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, and J. Moreau, 'A broad view on overspill routing in optical networks: a real synthesis of packet and circuit switching,' Opt. Switch. Netw. 1, 51-64 (2005).

Demeester, P.

E. Van Breusegem, J. Cheyns, D. De Winter, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, and J. Moreau, 'A broad view on overspill routing in optical networks: a real synthesis of packet and circuit switching,' Opt. Switch. Netw. 1, 51-64 (2005).

Dixit, S.

C. Xin, C. Qiao, Y. Ye, and S. Dixit, 'A hybrid optical switching approach,' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM 2003 (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 7, pp. 3808-3812.

Durán, R.

I. de Miguel, C. González, T. Koonen, R. Durán, P. Fernández, and I. T. Monroy, 'Polymorphic architectures for optical networks and their seamless evolution towards next generation networks,' Photonic Netw. Commun. 8, 177-189 (2004).

Duser, M.

Fernández, P.

I. de Miguel, C. González, T. Koonen, R. Durán, P. Fernández, and I. T. Monroy, 'Polymorphic architectures for optical networks and their seamless evolution towards next generation networks,' Photonic Netw. Commun. 8, 177-189 (2004).

Foh, C. H.

G. M. Lee, B. Wydrowski, M. Zukerman, J. K. Choi, and C. H. Foh, 'Performance evaluation of an optical hybrid switching system,' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM 2003 (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 5, 2508-2512.

Ganguly, S.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, Y. Maeno, and S. Araki, 'Hybrid hierarchical optical networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(11), 88-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

González, C.

I. de Miguel, C. González, T. Koonen, R. Durán, P. Fernández, and I. T. Monroy, 'Polymorphic architectures for optical networks and their seamless evolution towards next generation networks,' Photonic Netw. Commun. 8, 177-189 (2004).

Huang, N. F.

N. F. Huang, G. H. Liaw, and C. P. Wang, 'A novel all-optical transport network with time-shared wavelength channels,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1863-1875 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Izmailov, R.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, Y. Maeno, and S. Araki, 'Hybrid hierarchical optical networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(11), 88-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Koonen, T.

I. de Miguel, C. González, T. Koonen, R. Durán, P. Fernández, and I. T. Monroy, 'Polymorphic architectures for optical networks and their seamless evolution towards next generation networks,' Photonic Netw. Commun. 8, 177-189 (2004).

Krishnaswamy, R. M.

R. M. Krishnaswamy and K. N. Sivarajan, 'Design of logical topologies: a linear formulation for wavelength-routed optical networks with no wavelength changers,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 9, 186-198(2001).

Lee, G. M.

G. M. Lee, B. Wydrowski, M. Zukerman, J. K. Choi, and C. H. Foh, 'Performance evaluation of an optical hybrid switching system,' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM 2003 (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 5, 2508-2512.

Liaw, G. H.

N. F. Huang, G. H. Liaw, and C. P. Wang, 'A novel all-optical transport network with time-shared wavelength channels,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1863-1875 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Maeno, Y.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, Y. Maeno, and S. Araki, 'Hybrid hierarchical optical networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(11), 88-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

McFarland, R. I.

Monroy, I. T.

I. de Miguel, C. González, T. Koonen, R. Durán, P. Fernández, and I. T. Monroy, 'Polymorphic architectures for optical networks and their seamless evolution towards next generation networks,' Photonic Netw. Commun. 8, 177-189 (2004).

Moreau, J.

E. Van Breusegem, J. Cheyns, D. De Winter, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, and J. Moreau, 'A broad view on overspill routing in optical networks: a real synthesis of packet and circuit switching,' Opt. Switch. Netw. 1, 51-64 (2005).

Mukherjee, B.

S. Yao, C. Ou, and B. Mukherjee, 'Design of hybrid optical networks with waveband and electrical TDM switching,' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM 2003 (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 5, pp. 2803-2808.

Ou, C.

S. Yao, C. Ou, and B. Mukherjee, 'Design of hybrid optical networks with waveband and electrical TDM switching,' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM 2003 (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 5, pp. 2803-2808.

Pickavet, M.

E. Van Breusegem, J. Cheyns, D. De Winter, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, and J. Moreau, 'A broad view on overspill routing in optical networks: a real synthesis of packet and circuit switching,' Opt. Switch. Netw. 1, 51-64 (2005).

Qiao, C.

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, 'A study of waveband switching with multilayer multigranular optical cross-connects,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1081-1095 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Qiao and M. Yoo, 'Optical burst switching (OBS)--a new paradigm for an optical internet,' J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, 'Performance evaluation of wavelength band switching in multi-fiber all-optical networks,' in IEEE Infocom'03 (IEEE, 2003), pp. 2251-2261.

M. Yoo and C. Qiao, 'Just-enough-time (JET): a high speed protocol for bursty traffic in optical networks,' in Proceeding of IEEE/LEOS Conference on Technologies for a Global Information Infrastructure (IEEE/LEOS, 1997), pp. 26-27.

C. Qiao, 'Polymorphic control for cost-effective design of optical networks,' Special issue on WDM Networks, Eur. Trans. Telecommun. (ETT) 11, 17-26 (1997).

C. Xin, C. Qiao, Y. Ye, and S. Dixit, 'A hybrid optical switching approach,' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM 2003 (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 7, pp. 3808-3812.

Sivalingam, K. M.

B. Wen and K. M. Sivalingam, 'Routing, wavelength and time-slot assignment in time division multiplexed wavelength-routed optical WDM networks,' in Proeedings of IEEE INFOCOM (IEEE, 2002), pp. 2598-2609.

Sivarajan, K. N.

R. M. Krishnaswamy and K. N. Sivarajan, 'Design of logical topologies: a linear formulation for wavelength-routed optical networks with no wavelength changers,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 9, 186-198(2001).

Suemura, Y.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, Y. Maeno, and S. Araki, 'Hybrid hierarchical optical networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(11), 88-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Van Breusegem, E.

E. Van Breusegem, J. Cheyns, D. De Winter, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, and J. Moreau, 'A broad view on overspill routing in optical networks: a real synthesis of packet and circuit switching,' Opt. Switch. Netw. 1, 51-64 (2005).

Wang, C. P.

N. F. Huang, G. H. Liaw, and C. P. Wang, 'A novel all-optical transport network with time-shared wavelength channels,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1863-1875 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, Y. Maeno, and S. Araki, 'Hybrid hierarchical optical networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(11), 88-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wei, J. Y.

Wen, B.

B. Wen and K. M. Sivalingam, 'Routing, wavelength and time-slot assignment in time division multiplexed wavelength-routed optical WDM networks,' in Proeedings of IEEE INFOCOM (IEEE, 2002), pp. 2598-2609.

Wydrowski, B.

G. M. Lee, B. Wydrowski, M. Zukerman, J. K. Choi, and C. H. Foh, 'Performance evaluation of an optical hybrid switching system,' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM 2003 (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 5, 2508-2512.

Xin, C.

C. Xin, C. Qiao, Y. Ye, and S. Dixit, 'A hybrid optical switching approach,' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM 2003 (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 7, pp. 3808-3812.

Xiong, Y.

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, 'A study of waveband switching with multilayer multigranular optical cross-connects,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1081-1095 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, 'Performance evaluation of wavelength band switching in multi-fiber all-optical networks,' in IEEE Infocom'03 (IEEE, 2003), pp. 2251-2261.

Xu, H.

O. Yu, H. Xu, and L. Yin, 'Adaptive robust optical burst,' in Proceedings of the IEEE/Create-Net International Workshop on Networks for Grid (GridNets 2005) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 524-529.

Yao, S.

S. Yao, C. Ou, and B. Mukherjee, 'Design of hybrid optical networks with waveband and electrical TDM switching,' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM 2003 (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 5, pp. 2803-2808.

Ye, Y.

C. Xin, C. Qiao, Y. Ye, and S. Dixit, 'A hybrid optical switching approach,' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM 2003 (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 7, pp. 3808-3812.

Yin, L.

O. Yu, H. Xu, and L. Yin, 'Adaptive robust optical burst,' in Proceedings of the IEEE/Create-Net International Workshop on Networks for Grid (GridNets 2005) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 524-529.

Yoo, M.

C. Qiao and M. Yoo, 'Optical burst switching (OBS)--a new paradigm for an optical internet,' J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).

M. Yoo and C. Qiao, 'Just-enough-time (JET): a high speed protocol for bursty traffic in optical networks,' in Proceeding of IEEE/LEOS Conference on Technologies for a Global Information Infrastructure (IEEE/LEOS, 1997), pp. 26-27.

Yu, O.

O. Yu, H. Xu, and L. Yin, 'Adaptive robust optical burst,' in Proceedings of the IEEE/Create-Net International Workshop on Networks for Grid (GridNets 2005) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 524-529.

Zukerman, M.

G. M. Lee, B. Wydrowski, M. Zukerman, J. K. Choi, and C. H. Foh, 'Performance evaluation of an optical hybrid switching system,' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM 2003 (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 5, 2508-2512.

Eur. Trans. Telecommun. (ETT) (1)

C. Qiao, 'Polymorphic control for cost-effective design of optical networks,' Special issue on WDM Networks, Eur. Trans. Telecommun. (ETT) 11, 17-26 (1997).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, Y. Maeno, and S. Araki, 'Hybrid hierarchical optical networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(11), 88-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (2)

N. F. Huang, G. H. Liaw, and C. P. Wang, 'A novel all-optical transport network with time-shared wavelength channels,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1863-1875 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, 'A study of waveband switching with multilayer multigranular optical cross-connects,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1081-1095 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (1)

R. M. Krishnaswamy and K. N. Sivarajan, 'Design of logical topologies: a linear formulation for wavelength-routed optical networks with no wavelength changers,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 9, 186-198(2001).

J. High Speed Netw. (1)

C. Qiao and M. Yoo, 'Optical burst switching (OBS)--a new paradigm for an optical internet,' J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Switch. Netw. (1)

E. Van Breusegem, J. Cheyns, D. De Winter, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, and J. Moreau, 'A broad view on overspill routing in optical networks: a real synthesis of packet and circuit switching,' Opt. Switch. Netw. 1, 51-64 (2005).

Photonic Netw. Commun. (1)

I. de Miguel, C. González, T. Koonen, R. Durán, P. Fernández, and I. T. Monroy, 'Polymorphic architectures for optical networks and their seamless evolution towards next generation networks,' Photonic Netw. Commun. 8, 177-189 (2004).

Other (11)

C. Xin, C. Qiao, Y. Ye, and S. Dixit, 'A hybrid optical switching approach,' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM 2003 (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 7, pp. 3808-3812.

G. M. Lee, B. Wydrowski, M. Zukerman, J. K. Choi, and C. H. Foh, 'Performance evaluation of an optical hybrid switching system,' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM 2003 (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 5, 2508-2512.

L.Berger, ed., 'Generalized multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS) signaling resource reservation protocol-traffic engineering (RSVP-TE) extensions,' RFC 3473, (Internet Engineering Task Force, January 2003).

O. Yu, H. Xu, and L. Yin, 'Adaptive robust optical burst,' in Proceedings of the IEEE/Create-Net International Workshop on Networks for Grid (GridNets 2005) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 524-529.

B. Wen and K. M. Sivalingam, 'Routing, wavelength and time-slot assignment in time division multiplexed wavelength-routed optical WDM networks,' in Proeedings of IEEE INFOCOM (IEEE, 2002), pp. 2598-2609.

M. Yoo and C. Qiao, 'Just-enough-time (JET): a high speed protocol for bursty traffic in optical networks,' in Proceeding of IEEE/LEOS Conference on Technologies for a Global Information Infrastructure (IEEE/LEOS, 1997), pp. 26-27.

L.Berger, ed. 'Generalized multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS) signaling functional description,' RFC3471 (Internet Engineering Task Force, January 2003).

International Telecommunication Union Standardization Sector, 'Architecture for the automatically switched optical network (ASON),' ITU-T draft recommendation G.8080/Y.1304 (International Telecommunication Union Standardization Sector, November 2001), http://www.itu.int/ITU-T.

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, 'Performance evaluation of wavelength band switching in multi-fiber all-optical networks,' in IEEE Infocom'03 (IEEE, 2003), pp. 2251-2261.

S. Yao, C. Ou, and B. Mukherjee, 'Design of hybrid optical networks with waveband and electrical TDM switching,' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM 2003 (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 5, pp. 2803-2808.

R. Buyya, High Performance Cluster Computing (Prentice Hall, 1999).

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