Abstract

<p><a href="http://www.osa-jon.org/virtual_issue.cfm?vid=26">Feature Issue on Photonics in Switching</a></p>A novel scheme of decrementing one time-to-live pulse based on an asymmetric Mach-Zehnder interferometer and a Fabry-Perot semiconductor optical amplifier is proposed. The asymmetric Mach-Zehnder interferometer transfers M time-to-live pulses into M−1 pulses and two residual pulses with a 6 dB power difference. The Fabry-Perot semiconductor optical amplifier, where the gain fluctuates with the change of the carrier density and the gain increases with the depletion of the carrier in a certain region, amplifies the M−1 pulses and suppresses the two residual pulses. A numerical model is established for verifying the feasibility of this scheme. The effects of injecting current, pulse power, period, and width are discussed.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2003 (2)

J. E. McGeehan, S. Kumar, D. Gurkan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, A. E. Willner, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, J. Bannister, and J. D. Touch, 'All-optical decrementing of a packet's time-to-live (TTL) field and subsequent dropping of a zero-TTL packet,' J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2746-2752 (2003).

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, 'High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation Internet,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1041-1051 (2003).

2002 (1)

Y. Ueno, M. Takahashi, S. Nakamura, K. Suzuki, T. Shimizu, A. Furukawa, T. Tamanuki, K. Mori, S. Ae, T. Sasaki, and K. Tajima, 'Control scheme for optimizing the interferometer phase bias in a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type all-optical switch,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1692-1694 (2002).

2001 (1)

M. J. Connelly, 'Wideband semiconductor optical amplifier steady-state numerical model,' IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 439-447 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1997 (1)

V. Paxson, 'End-to-end routing behavior in the Internet,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 5, 601-615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

P. Brosson, 'Analytical model of a semiconductor optical amplifier,' J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 49-54 (1994).

Ae, S.

Y. Ueno, M. Takahashi, S. Nakamura, K. Suzuki, T. Shimizu, A. Furukawa, T. Tamanuki, K. Mori, S. Ae, T. Sasaki, and K. Tajima, 'Control scheme for optimizing the interferometer phase bias in a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type all-optical switch,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1692-1694 (2002).

Akella, V.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, 'High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation Internet,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1041-1051 (2003).

Avramopoulos, H.

Bannister, J.

Bansal, Y.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, 'High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation Internet,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1041-1051 (2003).

Boyer, K.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, 'High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation Internet,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1041-1051 (2003).

Brosson, P.

P. Brosson, 'Analytical model of a semiconductor optical amplifier,' J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 49-54 (1994).

Caenegem, R. V.

Cao, J.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, 'High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation Internet,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1041-1051 (2003).

Chan, C. K.

W. Hung, C. K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, 'An optical packet routing loop mitigation scheme using periodically phase-modulated time-to-live (TTL) field,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2004) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuQ4.

W. Hung, K. Chan, L. K. Chen, C. K. Chan, and F. Tong, 'A routing loop control scheme in optical layer of optical packet networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002) (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 770-771.

Chan, K.

W. Hung, K. Chan, L. K. Chen, C. K. Chan, and F. Tong, 'A routing loop control scheme in optical layer of optical packet networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002) (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 770-771.

Chen, L. K.

W. Hung, K. Chan, L. K. Chen, C. K. Chan, and F. Tong, 'A routing loop control scheme in optical layer of optical packet networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002) (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 770-771.

W. Hung, C. K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, 'An optical packet routing loop mitigation scheme using periodically phase-modulated time-to-live (TTL) field,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2004) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuQ4.

Chi, N.

Clavero, R.

Colle, D.

Connelly, M. J.

M. J. Connelly, 'Wideband semiconductor optical amplifier steady-state numerical model,' IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 439-447 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Connelly, 'Wideband dynamic numerical model of a tapered buried ridge stripe semiconductor optical amplifier gate,' in IEE Proceedings on Circuits, Devices, and Systems (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 149, pp. 173-178.

Demeester, P.

Dorren, H. J. S.

Fejer, M. M.

Furukawa, A.

Y. Ueno, M. Takahashi, S. Nakamura, K. Suzuki, T. Shimizu, A. Furukawa, T. Tamanuki, K. Mori, S. Ae, T. Sasaki, and K. Tajima, 'Control scheme for optimizing the interferometer phase bias in a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type all-optical switch,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1692-1694 (2002).

Goncher, G.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, 'High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation Internet,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1041-1051 (2003).

Gurkan, D.

Hill, M. T.

Holm-Nielsen, P. V.

Hung, W.

W. Hung, C. K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, 'An optical packet routing loop mitigation scheme using periodically phase-modulated time-to-live (TTL) field,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2004) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuQ4.

W. Hung, K. Chan, L. K. Chen, C. K. Chan, and F. Tong, 'A routing loop control scheme in optical layer of optical packet networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002) (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 770-771.

Jeon, M.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, 'High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation Internet,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1041-1051 (2003).

Jeppesen, P.

Kamei, S.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, 'High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation Internet,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1041-1051 (2003).

Kehayas, E.

Kitayama, K.

Koonen, A. M. J.

Kumar, S.

Liu, Y.

Marti, J.

Martí, J.

Martinez, J. M.

Martínez, J. M.

McGeehan, J. E.

Mori, K.

Y. Ueno, M. Takahashi, S. Nakamura, K. Suzuki, T. Shimizu, A. Furukawa, T. Tamanuki, K. Mori, S. Ae, T. Sasaki, and K. Tajima, 'Control scheme for optimizing the interferometer phase bias in a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type all-optical switch,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1692-1694 (2002).

Nady, T.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, 'High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation Internet,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1041-1051 (2003).

Nakamura, S.

Y. Ueno, M. Takahashi, S. Nakamura, K. Suzuki, T. Shimizu, A. Furukawa, T. Tamanuki, K. Mori, S. Ae, T. Sasaki, and K. Tajima, 'Control scheme for optimizing the interferometer phase bias in a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type all-optical switch,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1692-1694 (2002).

Nezam, S. M. R. M.

Okamoto, K.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, 'High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation Internet,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1041-1051 (2003).

Pan, Z.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, 'High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation Internet,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1041-1051 (2003).

Parameswaran, K. R.

Paxson, V.

V. Paxson, 'End-to-end routing behavior in the Internet,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 5, 601-615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pickavet, M.

Ramos, F.

Riposati, B.

Sasaki, T.

Y. Ueno, M. Takahashi, S. Nakamura, K. Suzuki, T. Shimizu, A. Furukawa, T. Tamanuki, K. Mori, S. Ae, T. Sasaki, and K. Tajima, 'Control scheme for optimizing the interferometer phase bias in a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type all-optical switch,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1692-1694 (2002).

Shimizu, T.

Y. Ueno, M. Takahashi, S. Nakamura, K. Suzuki, T. Shimizu, A. Furukawa, T. Tamanuki, K. Mori, S. Ae, T. Sasaki, and K. Tajima, 'Control scheme for optimizing the interferometer phase bias in a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type all-optical switch,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1692-1694 (2002).

Sotobayashi, H.

Stampoulidis, L.

Suzuki, K.

Y. Ueno, M. Takahashi, S. Nakamura, K. Suzuki, T. Shimizu, A. Furukawa, T. Tamanuki, K. Mori, S. Ae, T. Sasaki, and K. Tajima, 'Control scheme for optimizing the interferometer phase bias in a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type all-optical switch,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1692-1694 (2002).

Tafur Monroy, I.

Tajima, K.

Y. Ueno, M. Takahashi, S. Nakamura, K. Suzuki, T. Shimizu, A. Furukawa, T. Tamanuki, K. Mori, S. Ae, T. Sasaki, and K. Tajima, 'Control scheme for optimizing the interferometer phase bias in a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type all-optical switch,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1692-1694 (2002).

Takahashi, M.

Y. Ueno, M. Takahashi, S. Nakamura, K. Suzuki, T. Shimizu, A. Furukawa, T. Tamanuki, K. Mori, S. Ae, T. Sasaki, and K. Tajima, 'Control scheme for optimizing the interferometer phase bias in a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type all-optical switch,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1692-1694 (2002).

Tamanuki, T.

Y. Ueno, M. Takahashi, S. Nakamura, K. Suzuki, T. Shimizu, A. Furukawa, T. Tamanuki, K. Mori, S. Ae, T. Sasaki, and K. Tajima, 'Control scheme for optimizing the interferometer phase bias in a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type all-optical switch,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1692-1694 (2002).

Taylor, J.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, 'High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation Internet,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1041-1051 (2003).

Tong, F.

W. Hung, K. Chan, L. K. Chen, C. K. Chan, and F. Tong, 'A routing loop control scheme in optical layer of optical packet networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002) (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 770-771.

Touch, J. D.

Tsiokos, D.

Ueno, Y.

Y. Ueno, M. Takahashi, S. Nakamura, K. Suzuki, T. Shimizu, A. Furukawa, T. Tamanuki, K. Mori, S. Ae, T. Sasaki, and K. Tajima, 'Control scheme for optimizing the interferometer phase bias in a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type all-optical switch,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1692-1694 (2002).

Van Caenegem, R.

Wada, N.

Willner, A. E.

Xue, F.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, 'High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation Internet,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1041-1051 (2003).

Yan, N.

Yoo, S. J. B.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, 'High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation Internet,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1041-1051 (2003).

Zhang, J.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. J. Connelly, 'Wideband semiconductor optical amplifier steady-state numerical model,' IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 439-447 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, 'High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation Internet,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1041-1051 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. Ueno, M. Takahashi, S. Nakamura, K. Suzuki, T. Shimizu, A. Furukawa, T. Tamanuki, K. Mori, S. Ae, T. Sasaki, and K. Tajima, 'Control scheme for optimizing the interferometer phase bias in a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type all-optical switch,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1692-1694 (2002).

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (1)

V. Paxson, 'End-to-end routing behavior in the Internet,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 5, 601-615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

Other (3)

M. J. Connelly, 'Wideband dynamic numerical model of a tapered buried ridge stripe semiconductor optical amplifier gate,' in IEE Proceedings on Circuits, Devices, and Systems (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 149, pp. 173-178.

W. Hung, K. Chan, L. K. Chen, C. K. Chan, and F. Tong, 'A routing loop control scheme in optical layer of optical packet networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002) (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 770-771.

W. Hung, C. K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, 'An optical packet routing loop mitigation scheme using periodically phase-modulated time-to-live (TTL) field,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2004) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuQ4.

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