Abstract

<p><a href="http://www.osa-jon.org/virtual_issue.cfm?vid=22">Feature Issue on Waveband Switching, Routing, and Grooming</a></p>Optical networks using wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) are the foremost solution to the ever-increasing traffic in the Internet backbone. Rapid advances in WDM technology will enable each fiber to carry hundreds or even a thousand wavelengths (using dense-WDM, or DWDM, and ultra-DWDM) of traffic. This, coupled with worldwide fiber deployment, will bring about a tremendous increase in the size of the optical cross-connects, i.e., the number of ports of the wavelength switching elements. Waveband switching (WBS), wherein wavelengths are grouped into bands and switched as a single entity, can reduce the cost and control complexity of switching nodes by minimizing the port count. This paper presents a detailed study on recent advances and open research issues in WBS networks. In this study, we investigate in detail the architecture for various WBS cross-connects and compare them in terms of the number of ports and complexity and also in terms of how flexible they are in adjusting to dynamic traffic. We outline various techniques for grouping wavelengths into bands for the purpose of WBS and show how traditional wavelength routing is different from waveband routing and why techniques developed for wavelength-routed networks (WRNs) cannot be simply applied to WBS networks. We also outline how traffic grooming of subwavelength traffic can be done in WBS networks. In part II of this study [Cao , submitted to J. Opt. Netw.], we study the effect of wavelength conversion on the performance of WBS networks with reconfigurable MG-OXCs. We present an algorithm for waveband grouping in wavelength-convertible networks and evaluate its performance. We also investigate issues related to survivability in WBS networks and show how waveband and wavelength conversion can be used to recover from failures in WBS networks.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  31. T. Hidehiko, Y. Jun, O. Takuya, Y. Etsushi, M. Hiroji, Y. Takashi, S. Kazunori, T. Atsushi, and M. Toshio, '3-2 1000 channel WDM transmission and grouped wavelength path routing experiments using JGNII test bed,' J. Natl. Inst. Info. Commun. Technol. 52, 37-43 (2005).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2006 (2)

L. Chen, P. Saengudomlert, and E. Modiano, 'Uniform versus nonuniform band switching in WDM networks,' Comput. Netw. 50, 149-167 (2006).

C. Politi, D. Klonidis, A. Tzanakaki, M. O'Mahony, and I. Tomkos, 'Waveband routed optical packet switch: implementation and performance evaluation,' Opt. Eng. 45, 050504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

M. Li and B. Ramamurthy, 'Dynamic waveband switching in WDM mesh networks based on a generic auxiliary graph model,' Kluwer J. Photon. Netw. Commun. 10, 309-331 (2005).

T. Hidehiko, Y. Jun, O. Takuya, Y. Etsushi, M. Hiroji, Y. Takashi, S. Kazunori, T. Atsushi, and M. Toshio, '3-2 1000 channel WDM transmission and grouped wavelength path routing experiments using JGNII test bed,' J. Natl. Inst. Info. Commun. Technol. 52, 37-43 (2005).

2004 (1)

V. Kaman, X. Zheng, O. Jerphagon, C. Pusarla, R. J. Helkey, and J. E. Bowers, 'A cyclic MUX-DEMUX photonic cross-connect architecture for transparent waveband optical networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 638-640 (2004).

2003 (2)

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, 'Waveband switching in optical networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(4), 105-112 (2003).

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, 'A study of waveband switching with multi-layer multi-granular optical cross-connects,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1081-1095 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (4)

I. Lyubomirsky, S. Shetty, J. Roman, and M. Y. Frankel, 'Optimum 10-Gb/s NRZ receiver bandwidths for ultradense WDM transmission systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 870-872 (2002).

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. Kang, and J. Park, 'Design of hierarchical crossconnect WDM networks employing a two-stage multiplexing scheme of waveband and wavelength,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 166-171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P.-H. Ho and H. T. Mouftah, 'Routing and wavelength assignment with multi-granularity traffic in optical networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1292-1303 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhu and B. Mukherjee, 'Traffic grooming in an optical WDM mesh network,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 122-133 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

G. Li and R. Simha, 'On the wavelength assignment problem in multifiber WDM star and ring networks,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 9, 60-68 (2001).

C. Xin, Y. Ye, T. Wang, M. Yoo, S. Dixit, and C. Qiao, 'On an IP-centric optical control plane,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 88-93 (2001).

2000 (4)

A. L. Chiu and E. H. Modiano, 'Traffic grooming algorithms for reducing electronic multiplexing costs in WDM ring networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 2-12 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Subramaniam, E. J. Harder, and H.-A. Choi, 'Scheduling multi-rate sessions in time division multiplexed wavelength-routing networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 2105-2110 (2000).

H. Zang, J. P. Jue, and B. Mukherjee, 'A review of routing and wavelength assignment approaches for wavelength-routed optical WDM networks,' Opt. Networks Mag. 1(1), 47-60 (2000).

X. Zhang and C. Qiao, 'An effective and comprehensive approach for traffic grooming and wavelength assignment in SONET/WDM rings,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 8, 608-617 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

A. Mokhtar and M. Azizoglu, 'Adaptive wavelength routing in all-optical networks,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 6, 197-206 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

S. R. B. Mukherjee, D. Banerjee, and A. Mukherjee, 'Some principles for designing a wide-area optical network,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 4, 684-696 (1996).

1995 (1)

R. Ramaswami and K. Sivarajan, 'Routing and wavelength assignment in all-optical networks,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 3, 489-500 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Anand, V.

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, 'A study of waveband switching with multi-layer multi-granular optical cross-connects,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1081-1095 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, 'Waveband switching in optical networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(4), 105-112 (2003).

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, 'Multi-layer versus single-layer optical cross-connect architectures for waveband switching,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM'04 (IEEE, 2004), 1830-1840.

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, 'A framework for waveband switching in multi-granular optical networks: part II--Wavelength/waveband conversion and survivability,' submitted to J. Opt. Netw.

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, 'Performance evaluation of wavelength band switching in multi-fiber all-optical networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM'03, Vol. III (IEEE, 2003), pp. 2251-2261.

Araki, S.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, Y. Suemura, I. Nishioka, Y. Maeno, and S. Araki, 'Waveband routing in optical networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE ICC'02, New York (IEEE, 2002), pp. 2727-2733.

Atsushi, T.

T. Hidehiko, Y. Jun, O. Takuya, Y. Etsushi, M. Hiroji, Y. Takashi, S. Kazunori, T. Atsushi, and M. Toshio, '3-2 1000 channel WDM transmission and grouped wavelength path routing experiments using JGNII test bed,' J. Natl. Inst. Info. Commun. Technol. 52, 37-43 (2005).

Azizoglu, M.

A. Mokhtar and M. Azizoglu, 'Adaptive wavelength routing in all-optical networks,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 6, 197-206 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Banerjee, D.

S. R. B. Mukherjee, D. Banerjee, and A. Mukherjee, 'Some principles for designing a wide-area optical network,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 4, 684-696 (1996).

Berger, L.

L. Berger, 'Generalized multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS) signaling functional description,' rfc3471.txt (2003).

Bisson, A.

L. Noirie, F. Dorgeuille, and A. Bisson, '32×10 Gbit/s DWDM metropolitan network demonstration with 10 waveband- ADMs and 155 km TeraLight Metro fiber,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper ThH4.

Boivin, L.

B. C. Collings, M. L. Mitchell, L. Boivin, and W. H. Knox, 'A 1022-channel WDM transmitter,' in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (1999), postdeadline paper PD1-3.

Bowers, J. E.

V. Kaman, X. Zheng, O. Jerphagon, C. Pusarla, R. J. Helkey, and J. E. Bowers, 'A cyclic MUX-DEMUX photonic cross-connect architecture for transparent waveband optical networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 638-640 (2004).

Canali, M.

M. Canali, L. Luchesini, and A. Mazzini, 'MTNM-based implementation of ASON management in existing transport network,' in Conference on Optical Network Design and Modeling (IEEE, 2005), pp. 213-219.

Cao, X.

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, 'Waveband switching in optical networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(4), 105-112 (2003).

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, 'A study of waveband switching with multi-layer multi-granular optical cross-connects,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1081-1095 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, 'A framework for waveband switching in multi-granular optical networks: part II--Wavelength/waveband conversion and survivability,' submitted to J. Opt. Netw.

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, 'Performance evaluation of wavelength band switching in multi-fiber all-optical networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM'03, Vol. III (IEEE, 2003), pp. 2251-2261.

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, 'Multi-layer versus single-layer optical cross-connect architectures for waveband switching,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM'04 (IEEE, 2004), 1830-1840.

Chen, L.

L. Chen, P. Saengudomlert, and E. Modiano, 'Uniform versus nonuniform band switching in WDM networks,' Comput. Netw. 50, 149-167 (2006).

L. Chen, P. Saengudomlert, and E. Modiano, 'Optimal waveband switching in WDM networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE ICC'04 (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1604-1608.

Chiu, A. L.

Choi, H.-A.

S. Subramaniam, E. J. Harder, and H.-A. Choi, 'Scheduling multi-rate sessions in time division multiplexed wavelength-routing networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 2105-2110 (2000).

Collings, B. C.

B. C. Collings, M. L. Mitchell, L. Boivin, and W. H. Knox, 'A 1022-channel WDM transmitter,' in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (1999), postdeadline paper PD1-3.

Dixit, S.

C. Xin, Y. Ye, T. Wang, M. Yoo, S. Dixit, and C. Qiao, 'On an IP-centric optical control plane,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 88-93 (2001).

Dorgeuille, F.

L. Noirie, F. Dorgeuille, and A. Bisson, '32×10 Gbit/s DWDM metropolitan network demonstration with 10 waveband- ADMs and 155 km TeraLight Metro fiber,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper ThH4.

Dotaro, E.

L. Noirie, M. Vigoureux, and E. Dotaro, 'Impact of intermediate grouping on the dimensioning of multigranularity optical networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuG3.

R. Douville, D. Papadimitriou, E. Dotaro, R. Izmailov, A. Kolarov, and J. Drake, 'Extensions to generalized multi-protocol label switching in support of waveband switching,' draft-douville-ccamp-gmpls-waveband-extensions-05.txt (2004).

Douville, R.

R. Douville, D. Papadimitriou, E. Dotaro, R. Izmailov, A. Kolarov, and J. Drake, 'Extensions to generalized multi-protocol label switching in support of waveband switching,' draft-douville-ccamp-gmpls-waveband-extensions-05.txt (2004).

Drake, J.

R. Douville, D. Papadimitriou, E. Dotaro, R. Izmailov, A. Kolarov, and J. Drake, 'Extensions to generalized multi-protocol label switching in support of waveband switching,' draft-douville-ccamp-gmpls-waveband-extensions-05.txt (2004).

Escobar, H.

L. Marshall and H. Escobar, 'Band architecture improves performance,' Laser Focus World XX(X) 113-117(2002).

Escobar, H. E.

H. E. Escobar and L. R. Marshall, 'All-optical wavelength band conversion enables new scalable and efficient optical network architectures,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper WH2.

Etsushi, Y.

T. Hidehiko, Y. Jun, O. Takuya, Y. Etsushi, M. Hiroji, Y. Takashi, S. Kazunori, T. Atsushi, and M. Toshio, '3-2 1000 channel WDM transmission and grouped wavelength path routing experiments using JGNII test bed,' J. Natl. Inst. Info. Commun. Technol. 52, 37-43 (2005).

Frankel, M. Y.

I. Lyubomirsky, S. Shetty, J. Roman, and M. Y. Frankel, 'Optimum 10-Gb/s NRZ receiver bandwidths for ultradense WDM transmission systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 870-872 (2002).

Ganguly, S.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, V. Kleptsyn, and A. Varsou, 'Non-uniform waveband hierarchy in hybrid optical networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM'03, vol. II (IEEE, 2003), pp. 1344-1354.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, Y. Suemura, I. Nishioka, Y. Maeno, and S. Araki, 'Waveband routing in optical networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE ICC'02, New York (IEEE, 2002), pp. 2727-2733.

Gerstel, O.

O. Gerstel, R. Ramaswami, and W. Wang, 'Making use of a two stage multiplexing scheme in a WDM network,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper ThD1.

Harada, K.

K. Harada, K. Shimizu, T. Kudou, and T. Ozeki, 'Hierarchical optical path cross-connect systems for large scale WDM networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper WM55.

Harder, E. J.

S. Subramaniam, E. J. Harder, and H.-A. Choi, 'Scheduling multi-rate sessions in time division multiplexed wavelength-routing networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 2105-2110 (2000).

Helkey, R. J.

V. Kaman, X. Zheng, O. Jerphagon, C. Pusarla, R. J. Helkey, and J. E. Bowers, 'A cyclic MUX-DEMUX photonic cross-connect architecture for transparent waveband optical networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 638-640 (2004).

Hidehiko, T.

T. Hidehiko, Y. Jun, O. Takuya, Y. Etsushi, M. Hiroji, Y. Takashi, S. Kazunori, T. Atsushi, and M. Toshio, '3-2 1000 channel WDM transmission and grouped wavelength path routing experiments using JGNII test bed,' J. Natl. Inst. Info. Commun. Technol. 52, 37-43 (2005).

Hiroji, M.

T. Hidehiko, Y. Jun, O. Takuya, Y. Etsushi, M. Hiroji, Y. Takashi, S. Kazunori, T. Atsushi, and M. Toshio, '3-2 1000 channel WDM transmission and grouped wavelength path routing experiments using JGNII test bed,' J. Natl. Inst. Info. Commun. Technol. 52, 37-43 (2005).

Ho, P.-H.

Huiban, G.

G. Huiban, S. Perennes, and M. Syska, 'Traffic grooming in WDM networks with multi-layer switches,' in Proceedings of IEEE ICC'02, New York (IEEE, 2002), 2896-2901.

Imajuku, W.

J. Yamawaku, W. Imajuku, A. Takada, S. Okamoto, and T. Morioka, 'Investigation of virtual grouped-wavelength-path routing networks,' in Proceedings of Optoelectronics Communication Conference/Integrated Optics Optical Communications (OECC/IOOC) (2001), pp. 194-196.

Izmailov, R.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, V. Kleptsyn, and A. Varsou, 'Non-uniform waveband hierarchy in hybrid optical networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM'03, vol. II (IEEE, 2003), pp. 1344-1354.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, Y. Suemura, I. Nishioka, Y. Maeno, and S. Araki, 'Waveband routing in optical networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE ICC'02, New York (IEEE, 2002), pp. 2727-2733.

R. Douville, D. Papadimitriou, E. Dotaro, R. Izmailov, A. Kolarov, and J. Drake, 'Extensions to generalized multi-protocol label switching in support of waveband switching,' draft-douville-ccamp-gmpls-waveband-extensions-05.txt (2004).

Jajszczyk, A.

A. Jajszczyk, 'The ASON approach to the control plane for optical networks,' in 6th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2004), pp. 87-90.

Jerphagon, O.

V. Kaman, X. Zheng, O. Jerphagon, C. Pusarla, R. J. Helkey, and J. E. Bowers, 'A cyclic MUX-DEMUX photonic cross-connect architecture for transparent waveband optical networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 638-640 (2004).

Jue, J.

S. Varma and J. Jue, 'Protection in multigranular waveband networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM'04 (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1759-1763.

Jue, J. P.

H. Zang, J. P. Jue, and B. Mukherjee, 'A review of routing and wavelength assignment approaches for wavelength-routed optical WDM networks,' Opt. Networks Mag. 1(1), 47-60 (2000).

Jun, Y.

T. Hidehiko, Y. Jun, O. Takuya, Y. Etsushi, M. Hiroji, Y. Takashi, S. Kazunori, T. Atsushi, and M. Toshio, '3-2 1000 channel WDM transmission and grouped wavelength path routing experiments using JGNII test bed,' J. Natl. Inst. Info. Commun. Technol. 52, 37-43 (2005).

Kaman, V.

V. Kaman, X. Zheng, O. Jerphagon, C. Pusarla, R. J. Helkey, and J. E. Bowers, 'A cyclic MUX-DEMUX photonic cross-connect architecture for transparent waveband optical networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 638-640 (2004).

Kang, C.

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. Kang, and J. Park, 'Design of hierarchical crossconnect WDM networks employing a two-stage multiplexing scheme of waveband and wavelength,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 166-171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kazunori, S.

T. Hidehiko, Y. Jun, O. Takuya, Y. Etsushi, M. Hiroji, Y. Takashi, S. Kazunori, T. Atsushi, and M. Toshio, '3-2 1000 channel WDM transmission and grouped wavelength path routing experiments using JGNII test bed,' J. Natl. Inst. Info. Commun. Technol. 52, 37-43 (2005).

Kim, Y.

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. Kang, and J. Park, 'Design of hierarchical crossconnect WDM networks employing a two-stage multiplexing scheme of waveband and wavelength,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 166-171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kleptsyn, V.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, V. Kleptsyn, and A. Varsou, 'Non-uniform waveband hierarchy in hybrid optical networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM'03, vol. II (IEEE, 2003), pp. 1344-1354.

Klonidis, D.

C. Politi, D. Klonidis, A. Tzanakaki, M. O'Mahony, and I. Tomkos, 'Waveband routed optical packet switch: implementation and performance evaluation,' Opt. Eng. 45, 050504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

B. C. Collings, M. L. Mitchell, L. Boivin, and W. H. Knox, 'A 1022-channel WDM transmitter,' in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (1999), postdeadline paper PD1-3.

Kolarov, A.

R. Douville, D. Papadimitriou, E. Dotaro, R. Izmailov, A. Kolarov, and J. Drake, 'Extensions to generalized multi-protocol label switching in support of waveband switching,' draft-douville-ccamp-gmpls-waveband-extensions-05.txt (2004).

Kudou, T.

K. Harada, K. Shimizu, T. Kudou, and T. Ozeki, 'Hierarchical optical path cross-connect systems for large scale WDM networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper WM55.

Lee, M.

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. Kang, and J. Park, 'Design of hierarchical crossconnect WDM networks employing a two-stage multiplexing scheme of waveband and wavelength,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 166-171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

G. Li and R. Simha, 'On the wavelength assignment problem in multifiber WDM star and ring networks,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 9, 60-68 (2001).

Li, M.

M. Li and B. Ramamurthy, 'Dynamic waveband switching in WDM mesh networks based on a generic auxiliary graph model,' Kluwer J. Photon. Netw. Commun. 10, 309-331 (2005).

M. Li, W. Yao, and B. Ramamurthy, 'Same-destination-intermediate grouping vs. end-to-end grouping for waveband switching in WDM mesh networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC'05) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1807-1812.

M. Li and B. Ramamurthy, 'Survivable waveband switching in WDM mesh networks under dedicated-path protection,' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM'05 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1874-1878.

Lingampalli, R.

R. Lingampalli and P. Vengalam, 'Effect of wavelength and waveband grooming on all-optical networks with single layer photonic switching,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper ThP4.

Luchesini, L.

M. Canali, L. Luchesini, and A. Mazzini, 'MTNM-based implementation of ASON management in existing transport network,' in Conference on Optical Network Design and Modeling (IEEE, 2005), pp. 213-219.

Lyubomirsky, I.

I. Lyubomirsky, S. Shetty, J. Roman, and M. Y. Frankel, 'Optimum 10-Gb/s NRZ receiver bandwidths for ultradense WDM transmission systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 870-872 (2002).

Maeno, Y.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, Y. Suemura, I. Nishioka, Y. Maeno, and S. Araki, 'Waveband routing in optical networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE ICC'02, New York (IEEE, 2002), pp. 2727-2733.

Marshall, L.

L. Marshall and H. Escobar, 'Band architecture improves performance,' Laser Focus World XX(X) 113-117(2002).

Marshall, L. R.

H. E. Escobar and L. R. Marshall, 'All-optical wavelength band conversion enables new scalable and efficient optical network architectures,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper WH2.

Mazzini, A.

M. Canali, L. Luchesini, and A. Mazzini, 'MTNM-based implementation of ASON management in existing transport network,' in Conference on Optical Network Design and Modeling (IEEE, 2005), pp. 213-219.

Mitchell, M. L.

B. C. Collings, M. L. Mitchell, L. Boivin, and W. H. Knox, 'A 1022-channel WDM transmitter,' in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (1999), postdeadline paper PD1-3.

Modiano, E.

L. Chen, P. Saengudomlert, and E. Modiano, 'Uniform versus nonuniform band switching in WDM networks,' Comput. Netw. 50, 149-167 (2006).

L. Chen, P. Saengudomlert, and E. Modiano, 'Optimal waveband switching in WDM networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE ICC'04 (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1604-1608.

Modiano, E. H.

Mokhtar, A.

A. Mokhtar and M. Azizoglu, 'Adaptive wavelength routing in all-optical networks,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 6, 197-206 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Morioka, T.

J. Yamawaku, W. Imajuku, A. Takada, S. Okamoto, and T. Morioka, 'Investigation of virtual grouped-wavelength-path routing networks,' in Proceedings of Optoelectronics Communication Conference/Integrated Optics Optical Communications (OECC/IOOC) (2001), pp. 194-196.

Mouftah, H. T.

Mukherjee, A.

S. R. B. Mukherjee, D. Banerjee, and A. Mukherjee, 'Some principles for designing a wide-area optical network,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 4, 684-696 (1996).

Mukherjee, B.

K. Zhu and B. Mukherjee, 'Traffic grooming in an optical WDM mesh network,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 122-133 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Zang, J. P. Jue, and B. Mukherjee, 'A review of routing and wavelength assignment approaches for wavelength-routed optical WDM networks,' Opt. Networks Mag. 1(1), 47-60 (2000).

B. Mukherjee, Optical Communication Networks (McGraw-Hill, 1997).

Mukherjee, S. R. B.

S. R. B. Mukherjee, D. Banerjee, and A. Mukherjee, 'Some principles for designing a wide-area optical network,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 4, 684-696 (1996).

Nishioka, I.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, Y. Suemura, I. Nishioka, Y. Maeno, and S. Araki, 'Waveband routing in optical networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE ICC'02, New York (IEEE, 2002), pp. 2727-2733.

Noirie, L.

L. Noirie, M. Vigoureux, and E. Dotaro, 'Impact of intermediate grouping on the dimensioning of multigranularity optical networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuG3.

L. Noirie, F. Dorgeuille, and A. Bisson, '32×10 Gbit/s DWDM metropolitan network demonstration with 10 waveband- ADMs and 155 km TeraLight Metro fiber,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper ThH4.

Okamoto, S.

J. Yamawaku, W. Imajuku, A. Takada, S. Okamoto, and T. Morioka, 'Investigation of virtual grouped-wavelength-path routing networks,' in Proceedings of Optoelectronics Communication Conference/Integrated Optics Optical Communications (OECC/IOOC) (2001), pp. 194-196.

O'Mahony, M.

C. Politi, D. Klonidis, A. Tzanakaki, M. O'Mahony, and I. Tomkos, 'Waveband routed optical packet switch: implementation and performance evaluation,' Opt. Eng. 45, 050504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ozeki, T.

K. Harada, K. Shimizu, T. Kudou, and T. Ozeki, 'Hierarchical optical path cross-connect systems for large scale WDM networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper WM55.

Papadimitriou, D.

R. Douville, D. Papadimitriou, E. Dotaro, R. Izmailov, A. Kolarov, and J. Drake, 'Extensions to generalized multi-protocol label switching in support of waveband switching,' draft-douville-ccamp-gmpls-waveband-extensions-05.txt (2004).

Park, J.

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. Kang, and J. Park, 'Design of hierarchical crossconnect WDM networks employing a two-stage multiplexing scheme of waveband and wavelength,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 166-171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Perennes, S.

G. Huiban, S. Perennes, and M. Syska, 'Traffic grooming in WDM networks with multi-layer switches,' in Proceedings of IEEE ICC'02, New York (IEEE, 2002), 2896-2901.

Politi, C.

C. Politi, D. Klonidis, A. Tzanakaki, M. O'Mahony, and I. Tomkos, 'Waveband routed optical packet switch: implementation and performance evaluation,' Opt. Eng. 45, 050504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pusarla, C.

V. Kaman, X. Zheng, O. Jerphagon, C. Pusarla, R. J. Helkey, and J. E. Bowers, 'A cyclic MUX-DEMUX photonic cross-connect architecture for transparent waveband optical networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 638-640 (2004).

Qiao, C.

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, 'Waveband switching in optical networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(4), 105-112 (2003).

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, 'A study of waveband switching with multi-layer multi-granular optical cross-connects,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1081-1095 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Xin, Y. Ye, T. Wang, M. Yoo, S. Dixit, and C. Qiao, 'On an IP-centric optical control plane,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 88-93 (2001).

X. Zhang and C. Qiao, 'An effective and comprehensive approach for traffic grooming and wavelength assignment in SONET/WDM rings,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 8, 608-617 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, 'Performance evaluation of wavelength band switching in multi-fiber all-optical networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM'03, Vol. III (IEEE, 2003), pp. 2251-2261.

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, 'A framework for waveband switching in multi-granular optical networks: part II--Wavelength/waveband conversion and survivability,' submitted to J. Opt. Netw.

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, 'Multi-layer versus single-layer optical cross-connect architectures for waveband switching,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM'04 (IEEE, 2004), 1830-1840.

Ramamurthy, B.

M. Li and B. Ramamurthy, 'Dynamic waveband switching in WDM mesh networks based on a generic auxiliary graph model,' Kluwer J. Photon. Netw. Commun. 10, 309-331 (2005).

M. Li, W. Yao, and B. Ramamurthy, 'Same-destination-intermediate grouping vs. end-to-end grouping for waveband switching in WDM mesh networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC'05) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1807-1812.

M. Li and B. Ramamurthy, 'Survivable waveband switching in WDM mesh networks under dedicated-path protection,' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM'05 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1874-1878.

Ramaswami, R.

R. Ramaswami and K. Sivarajan, 'Routing and wavelength assignment in all-optical networks,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 3, 489-500 (1995).
[CrossRef]

O. Gerstel, R. Ramaswami, and W. Wang, 'Making use of a two stage multiplexing scheme in a WDM network,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper ThD1.

Roman, J.

I. Lyubomirsky, S. Shetty, J. Roman, and M. Y. Frankel, 'Optimum 10-Gb/s NRZ receiver bandwidths for ultradense WDM transmission systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 870-872 (2002).

Saengudomlert, P.

L. Chen, P. Saengudomlert, and E. Modiano, 'Uniform versus nonuniform band switching in WDM networks,' Comput. Netw. 50, 149-167 (2006).

L. Chen, P. Saengudomlert, and E. Modiano, 'Optimal waveband switching in WDM networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE ICC'04 (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1604-1608.

Saleh, A. A. M.

Shetty, S.

I. Lyubomirsky, S. Shetty, J. Roman, and M. Y. Frankel, 'Optimum 10-Gb/s NRZ receiver bandwidths for ultradense WDM transmission systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 870-872 (2002).

Shimizu, K.

K. Harada, K. Shimizu, T. Kudou, and T. Ozeki, 'Hierarchical optical path cross-connect systems for large scale WDM networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper WM55.

Simha, R.

G. Li and R. Simha, 'On the wavelength assignment problem in multifiber WDM star and ring networks,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 9, 60-68 (2001).

Simmons, J. M.

Sivarajan, K.

R. Ramaswami and K. Sivarajan, 'Routing and wavelength assignment in all-optical networks,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 3, 489-500 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Somani, A.

R. Srinivasan and A. Somani, 'A generalized framework for analyzing time-space switched optical networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM'01, Vol. 1 (IEEE, 2001), pp. 179-188.

Srinivasan, R.

R. Srinivasan and A. Somani, 'A generalized framework for analyzing time-space switched optical networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM'01, Vol. 1 (IEEE, 2001), pp. 179-188.

Subramaniam, S.

S. Subramaniam, E. J. Harder, and H.-A. Choi, 'Scheduling multi-rate sessions in time division multiplexed wavelength-routing networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 2105-2110 (2000).

Suemura, Y.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, Y. Suemura, I. Nishioka, Y. Maeno, and S. Araki, 'Waveband routing in optical networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE ICC'02, New York (IEEE, 2002), pp. 2727-2733.

Syska, M.

G. Huiban, S. Perennes, and M. Syska, 'Traffic grooming in WDM networks with multi-layer switches,' in Proceedings of IEEE ICC'02, New York (IEEE, 2002), 2896-2901.

Takada, A.

J. Yamawaku, W. Imajuku, A. Takada, S. Okamoto, and T. Morioka, 'Investigation of virtual grouped-wavelength-path routing networks,' in Proceedings of Optoelectronics Communication Conference/Integrated Optics Optical Communications (OECC/IOOC) (2001), pp. 194-196.

Takashi, Y.

T. Hidehiko, Y. Jun, O. Takuya, Y. Etsushi, M. Hiroji, Y. Takashi, S. Kazunori, T. Atsushi, and M. Toshio, '3-2 1000 channel WDM transmission and grouped wavelength path routing experiments using JGNII test bed,' J. Natl. Inst. Info. Commun. Technol. 52, 37-43 (2005).

Takuya, O.

T. Hidehiko, Y. Jun, O. Takuya, Y. Etsushi, M. Hiroji, Y. Takashi, S. Kazunori, T. Atsushi, and M. Toshio, '3-2 1000 channel WDM transmission and grouped wavelength path routing experiments using JGNII test bed,' J. Natl. Inst. Info. Commun. Technol. 52, 37-43 (2005).

Tomkos, I.

C. Politi, D. Klonidis, A. Tzanakaki, M. O'Mahony, and I. Tomkos, 'Waveband routed optical packet switch: implementation and performance evaluation,' Opt. Eng. 45, 050504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Toshio, M.

T. Hidehiko, Y. Jun, O. Takuya, Y. Etsushi, M. Hiroji, Y. Takashi, S. Kazunori, T. Atsushi, and M. Toshio, '3-2 1000 channel WDM transmission and grouped wavelength path routing experiments using JGNII test bed,' J. Natl. Inst. Info. Commun. Technol. 52, 37-43 (2005).

Tzanakaki, A.

C. Politi, D. Klonidis, A. Tzanakaki, M. O'Mahony, and I. Tomkos, 'Waveband routed optical packet switch: implementation and performance evaluation,' Opt. Eng. 45, 050504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Varma, S.

S. Varma and J. Jue, 'Protection in multigranular waveband networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM'04 (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1759-1763.

Varsou, A.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, V. Kleptsyn, and A. Varsou, 'Non-uniform waveband hierarchy in hybrid optical networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM'03, vol. II (IEEE, 2003), pp. 1344-1354.

Vengalam, P.

R. Lingampalli and P. Vengalam, 'Effect of wavelength and waveband grooming on all-optical networks with single layer photonic switching,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper ThP4.

Vigoureux, M.

L. Noirie, M. Vigoureux, and E. Dotaro, 'Impact of intermediate grouping on the dimensioning of multigranularity optical networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuG3.

Wang, T.

C. Xin, Y. Ye, T. Wang, M. Yoo, S. Dixit, and C. Qiao, 'On an IP-centric optical control plane,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 88-93 (2001).

Wang, W.

O. Gerstel, R. Ramaswami, and W. Wang, 'Making use of a two stage multiplexing scheme in a WDM network,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper ThD1.

Xin, C.

C. Xin, Y. Ye, T. Wang, M. Yoo, S. Dixit, and C. Qiao, 'On an IP-centric optical control plane,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 88-93 (2001).

Xiong, Y.

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, 'A study of waveband switching with multi-layer multi-granular optical cross-connects,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1081-1095 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, 'Performance evaluation of wavelength band switching in multi-fiber all-optical networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM'03, Vol. III (IEEE, 2003), pp. 2251-2261.

Yamawaku, J.

J. Yamawaku, W. Imajuku, A. Takada, S. Okamoto, and T. Morioka, 'Investigation of virtual grouped-wavelength-path routing networks,' in Proceedings of Optoelectronics Communication Conference/Integrated Optics Optical Communications (OECC/IOOC) (2001), pp. 194-196.

Yao, W.

M. Li, W. Yao, and B. Ramamurthy, 'Same-destination-intermediate grouping vs. end-to-end grouping for waveband switching in WDM mesh networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC'05) (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1807-1812.

Ye, Y.

C. Xin, Y. Ye, T. Wang, M. Yoo, S. Dixit, and C. Qiao, 'On an IP-centric optical control plane,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 88-93 (2001).

Yoo, M.

C. Xin, Y. Ye, T. Wang, M. Yoo, S. Dixit, and C. Qiao, 'On an IP-centric optical control plane,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 88-93 (2001).

Yu, J.

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. Kang, and J. Park, 'Design of hierarchical crossconnect WDM networks employing a two-stage multiplexing scheme of waveband and wavelength,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 166-171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zang, H.

H. Zang, J. P. Jue, and B. Mukherjee, 'A review of routing and wavelength assignment approaches for wavelength-routed optical WDM networks,' Opt. Networks Mag. 1(1), 47-60 (2000).

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang and C. Qiao, 'An effective and comprehensive approach for traffic grooming and wavelength assignment in SONET/WDM rings,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 8, 608-617 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, X.

V. Kaman, X. Zheng, O. Jerphagon, C. Pusarla, R. J. Helkey, and J. E. Bowers, 'A cyclic MUX-DEMUX photonic cross-connect architecture for transparent waveband optical networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 638-640 (2004).

Zhu, K.

K. Zhu and B. Mukherjee, 'Traffic grooming in an optical WDM mesh network,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 122-133 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Comput. Netw. (1)

L. Chen, P. Saengudomlert, and E. Modiano, 'Uniform versus nonuniform band switching in WDM networks,' Comput. Netw. 50, 149-167 (2006).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, 'Waveband switching in optical networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(4), 105-112 (2003).

C. Xin, Y. Ye, T. Wang, M. Yoo, S. Dixit, and C. Qiao, 'On an IP-centric optical control plane,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 88-93 (2001).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (4)

K. Zhu and B. Mukherjee, 'Traffic grooming in an optical WDM mesh network,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 122-133 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Subramaniam, E. J. Harder, and H.-A. Choi, 'Scheduling multi-rate sessions in time division multiplexed wavelength-routing networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 2105-2110 (2000).

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. Kang, and J. Park, 'Design of hierarchical crossconnect WDM networks employing a two-stage multiplexing scheme of waveband and wavelength,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 166-171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, 'A study of waveband switching with multi-layer multi-granular optical cross-connects,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1081-1095 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

I. Lyubomirsky, S. Shetty, J. Roman, and M. Y. Frankel, 'Optimum 10-Gb/s NRZ receiver bandwidths for ultradense WDM transmission systems,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 870-872 (2002).

V. Kaman, X. Zheng, O. Jerphagon, C. Pusarla, R. J. Helkey, and J. E. Bowers, 'A cyclic MUX-DEMUX photonic cross-connect architecture for transparent waveband optical networks,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 638-640 (2004).

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (5)

A. Mokhtar and M. Azizoglu, 'Adaptive wavelength routing in all-optical networks,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 6, 197-206 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. R. B. Mukherjee, D. Banerjee, and A. Mukherjee, 'Some principles for designing a wide-area optical network,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 4, 684-696 (1996).

R. Ramaswami and K. Sivarajan, 'Routing and wavelength assignment in all-optical networks,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 3, 489-500 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Li and R. Simha, 'On the wavelength assignment problem in multifiber WDM star and ring networks,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 9, 60-68 (2001).

X. Zhang and C. Qiao, 'An effective and comprehensive approach for traffic grooming and wavelength assignment in SONET/WDM rings,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 8, 608-617 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Natl. Inst. Info. Commun. Technol. (1)

T. Hidehiko, Y. Jun, O. Takuya, Y. Etsushi, M. Hiroji, Y. Takashi, S. Kazunori, T. Atsushi, and M. Toshio, '3-2 1000 channel WDM transmission and grouped wavelength path routing experiments using JGNII test bed,' J. Natl. Inst. Info. Commun. Technol. 52, 37-43 (2005).

Kluwer J. Photon. Netw. Commun. (1)

M. Li and B. Ramamurthy, 'Dynamic waveband switching in WDM mesh networks based on a generic auxiliary graph model,' Kluwer J. Photon. Netw. Commun. 10, 309-331 (2005).

Opt. Eng. (1)

C. Politi, D. Klonidis, A. Tzanakaki, M. O'Mahony, and I. Tomkos, 'Waveband routed optical packet switch: implementation and performance evaluation,' Opt. Eng. 45, 050504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Networks Mag. (1)

H. Zang, J. P. Jue, and B. Mukherjee, 'A review of routing and wavelength assignment approaches for wavelength-routed optical WDM networks,' Opt. Networks Mag. 1(1), 47-60 (2000).

Other (25)

B. Mukherjee, Optical Communication Networks (McGraw-Hill, 1997).

L. Noirie, F. Dorgeuille, and A. Bisson, '32×10 Gbit/s DWDM metropolitan network demonstration with 10 waveband- ADMs and 155 km TeraLight Metro fiber,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper ThH4.

L. Chen, P. Saengudomlert, and E. Modiano, 'Optimal waveband switching in WDM networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE ICC'04 (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1604-1608.

M. Li and B. Ramamurthy, 'Survivable waveband switching in WDM mesh networks under dedicated-path protection,' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM'05 (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1874-1878.

S. Varma and J. Jue, 'Protection in multigranular waveband networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM'04 (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1759-1763.

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, 'A framework for waveband switching in multi-granular optical networks: part II--Wavelength/waveband conversion and survivability,' submitted to J. Opt. Netw.

B. C. Collings, M. L. Mitchell, L. Boivin, and W. H. Knox, 'A 1022-channel WDM transmitter,' in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (1999), postdeadline paper PD1-3.

O. Gerstel, R. Ramaswami, and W. Wang, 'Making use of a two stage multiplexing scheme in a WDM network,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper ThD1.

L. Noirie, M. Vigoureux, and E. Dotaro, 'Impact of intermediate grouping on the dimensioning of multigranularity optical networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuG3.

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