Abstract

By using destination stripping and shortest-path routing, the new standard IEEE 802.17 resilient packet ring (RPR) allows for spatial reuse, resulting in a significantly increased capacity compared to source-stripping legacy ring networks. We show that for multicast traffic the performance of RPR reduces to that of legacy ring networks that do not support spatial reuse. We propose a bandwidth-efficient and cost-sensitive multicast approach for RPR networks that exploits RPR's built-in topology discovery and supplementary time-to-live field to enable spatial reuse for multicast traffic. By means of analysis and simulation we investigate the proposed multicast approach in terms of transmission, multicast, and reception capacities as well as throughput efficiency for different numbers of nodes and multicast fanout under various traffic scenarios. Our findings show that for multicast traffic, the transmission capacity and multicast capacity of RPR are increased significantly, in particular for small to medium multicast group sizes, and a multicast throughput efficiency of 100% is achieved. Besides the performance gain, the proposed multicast approach is able to maintain RPR's simplicity.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. Y. Yu, P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, K.-L. Deng, D. Zhou, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Packet-switched optical networks,' IEEE Micro 18(1), 28-38 (1998).
  2. R. Ramaswami and K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks-A Practical Perspective, 2nd ed. (Morgan Kaufmann, 2001).
  3. M. C. Chia, D. K. Hunter, I. Andonovic, P. Ball, I. Wright, S. P. Ferguson, K. M. Guild, and M. J. O'Mahony, 'Packet loss and delay performance of feedback and feed-forward arrayed-waveguide gratings-based optical packet switches with WDM inputs-outputs,' J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1241-1254 (2001).
  4. K. Onohara, H. Sotobayashi, K. Kitayama, and W. Chujo, 'Photonic time-slot and wavelength-grid interchange for 10-Gb/s packet switching,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1121-1123 (2001).
  5. IEEE, 'IEEE standard 802.17: resilient packet ring,' (September 2004); http://ieee802.org/17.
  6. F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing, and N. Uzun, 'IEEE 802.17 resilient packet ring tutorial,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(3), 112-118 (2004).
  7. P. Yuan, V. Gambiroza, and E. Knightly, 'The IEEE 802.17 media access protocol for high-speed metropolitan-area resilient packet rings,' IEEE Netw. 18(3), 8-15 (2004).
  8. S. Spadaro, J. Solé-Pareta, D. Careglio, K. Wajda, and A. Szymanski, 'Positioning of the RPR standard in contemporary operator environments,' IEEE Netw. 18(2), 35-40 (2004).
  9. M. Herzog and M. Maier, 'RINGOSTAR: an evolutionary performance-enhancing WDM upgrade of IEEE 802.17 resilient packet ring,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(2), S11-S17 (2006).
  10. M. Maier, M. Herzog, M. Scheutzow, and M. Reisslein, 'PROTECTORATION: a fast and efficient multiple-failure recovery technique for resilient packet ring (RPR) using dark fiber,' J. Lightwave Technol. , Special Issue on Optical Networks, 23, 2816-2838 (2005).
  11. V. Gambiroza, P. Yuan, L. Balzano, Y. Liu, S. Sheafor, and E. Knightly, 'Design, analysis, and implementation of DVSR: a fair high-performance protocol for packet rings,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 12(1), 85-102 (2004).
  12. F. Alharbi and N. Ansari, 'A novel fairness algorithm for resilient packet ring networks with low computational and hardware complexity,' presented at the 13th IEEE Workshop on Local and Metropolitan Area Networks, Mill Valley, California, April 2004.
  13. Y. Robichaud, C. Huang, J. Yang, and H. Peng, 'Access delay performance of resilient packet ring under bursty periodic class B traffic load,' in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 2, pp. 1217-1221.
  14. F. Davik and S. Gjessing, 'The stability of the resilient packet ring aggressive fairness algorithm,' presented at the 13th IEEE Workshop on Local and Metropolitan Area Networks, Mill Valley, California, April 2004.
  15. D. Wang, K. K. Ramakrishnan, and C. Kalmanek, 'Congestion control in resilient packet rings,' in Proceedings of the 12th IEEE International Conference on Network Protocols (IEEE, 2004), pp. 108-117.
  16. C. Huang, H. Peng, F. Yuan, and J. Hawkins, 'A steady state bound for resilient packet rings,' in Proceedings IEEE GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 7, pp. 4054-4058.
  17. C. Huang, H. Peng, and F. Yuan, 'A deterministic bound for the access delay of resilient packet rings,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 9(1), 87-89 (2005).
  18. J. Zhu, A. Matrawy, and I. Lambadaris, 'A new scheduling scheme for resilient packet ring networks with single transit buffer,' in Proceedings IEEE GLOBECOM Workshops (IEEE, 2004), pp. 276-280.
  19. A. Kvalbein and S. Gjessing, 'Analysis and improved performance of RPR protection,' in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Networks (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 1, pp. 119-124.
  20. M. Herzog, M. Maier, and A. Wolisz, 'RINGOSTAR: an evolutionary AWG-based WDM upgrade of optical ring networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1637-1651 (2005).
  21. M. Scheutzow, P. Seeling, M. Maier, and M. Reisslein, 'Multicast capacity of packet-switched ring WDM networks,' in Proceedings IEEE INFOCOM (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 1, pp. 706-717.
  22. N. Ghani, J.-Y. Pan, and X. Cheng, 'Metropolitan optical networks,' Opt. Fiber Telecommun. IVB, 329-403 (2002).
  23. M. Herzog, S. Adams, and M. Maier, 'Proxy stripping: a performance-enhancing technique for optical metropolitan area ring networks,' J. Opt. Netw. 4(7), 400-431 (2005).

2006 (1)

M. Herzog and M. Maier, 'RINGOSTAR: an evolutionary performance-enhancing WDM upgrade of IEEE 802.17 resilient packet ring,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(2), S11-S17 (2006).

2005 (4)

2004 (4)

V. Gambiroza, P. Yuan, L. Balzano, Y. Liu, S. Sheafor, and E. Knightly, 'Design, analysis, and implementation of DVSR: a fair high-performance protocol for packet rings,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 12(1), 85-102 (2004).

F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing, and N. Uzun, 'IEEE 802.17 resilient packet ring tutorial,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(3), 112-118 (2004).

P. Yuan, V. Gambiroza, and E. Knightly, 'The IEEE 802.17 media access protocol for high-speed metropolitan-area resilient packet rings,' IEEE Netw. 18(3), 8-15 (2004).

S. Spadaro, J. Solé-Pareta, D. Careglio, K. Wajda, and A. Szymanski, 'Positioning of the RPR standard in contemporary operator environments,' IEEE Netw. 18(2), 35-40 (2004).

2002 (1)

N. Ghani, J.-Y. Pan, and X. Cheng, 'Metropolitan optical networks,' Opt. Fiber Telecommun. IVB, 329-403 (2002).

2001 (2)

1998 (1)

B. Y. Yu, P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, K.-L. Deng, D. Zhou, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Packet-switched optical networks,' IEEE Micro 18(1), 28-38 (1998).

Adams, S.

Alharbi, F.

F. Alharbi and N. Ansari, 'A novel fairness algorithm for resilient packet ring networks with low computational and hardware complexity,' presented at the 13th IEEE Workshop on Local and Metropolitan Area Networks, Mill Valley, California, April 2004.

Andonovic, I.

Ansari, N.

F. Alharbi and N. Ansari, 'A novel fairness algorithm for resilient packet ring networks with low computational and hardware complexity,' presented at the 13th IEEE Workshop on Local and Metropolitan Area Networks, Mill Valley, California, April 2004.

Ball, P.

Balzano, L.

V. Gambiroza, P. Yuan, L. Balzano, Y. Liu, S. Sheafor, and E. Knightly, 'Design, analysis, and implementation of DVSR: a fair high-performance protocol for packet rings,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 12(1), 85-102 (2004).

Careglio, D.

S. Spadaro, J. Solé-Pareta, D. Careglio, K. Wajda, and A. Szymanski, 'Positioning of the RPR standard in contemporary operator environments,' IEEE Netw. 18(2), 35-40 (2004).

Cheng, X.

N. Ghani, J.-Y. Pan, and X. Cheng, 'Metropolitan optical networks,' Opt. Fiber Telecommun. IVB, 329-403 (2002).

Chia, M. C.

Chujo, W.

K. Onohara, H. Sotobayashi, K. Kitayama, and W. Chujo, 'Photonic time-slot and wavelength-grid interchange for 10-Gb/s packet switching,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1121-1123 (2001).

Davik, F.

F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing, and N. Uzun, 'IEEE 802.17 resilient packet ring tutorial,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(3), 112-118 (2004).

F. Davik and S. Gjessing, 'The stability of the resilient packet ring aggressive fairness algorithm,' presented at the 13th IEEE Workshop on Local and Metropolitan Area Networks, Mill Valley, California, April 2004.

Deng, K.-L.

B. Y. Yu, P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, K.-L. Deng, D. Zhou, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Packet-switched optical networks,' IEEE Micro 18(1), 28-38 (1998).

Ferguson, S. P.

Gambiroza, V.

V. Gambiroza, P. Yuan, L. Balzano, Y. Liu, S. Sheafor, and E. Knightly, 'Design, analysis, and implementation of DVSR: a fair high-performance protocol for packet rings,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 12(1), 85-102 (2004).

P. Yuan, V. Gambiroza, and E. Knightly, 'The IEEE 802.17 media access protocol for high-speed metropolitan-area resilient packet rings,' IEEE Netw. 18(3), 8-15 (2004).

Ghani, N.

N. Ghani, J.-Y. Pan, and X. Cheng, 'Metropolitan optical networks,' Opt. Fiber Telecommun. IVB, 329-403 (2002).

Gjessing, S.

F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing, and N. Uzun, 'IEEE 802.17 resilient packet ring tutorial,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(3), 112-118 (2004).

A. Kvalbein and S. Gjessing, 'Analysis and improved performance of RPR protection,' in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Networks (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 1, pp. 119-124.

F. Davik and S. Gjessing, 'The stability of the resilient packet ring aggressive fairness algorithm,' presented at the 13th IEEE Workshop on Local and Metropolitan Area Networks, Mill Valley, California, April 2004.

Glesk, I.

B. Y. Yu, P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, K.-L. Deng, D. Zhou, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Packet-switched optical networks,' IEEE Micro 18(1), 28-38 (1998).

Guild, K. M.

Hawkins, J.

C. Huang, H. Peng, F. Yuan, and J. Hawkins, 'A steady state bound for resilient packet rings,' in Proceedings IEEE GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 7, pp. 4054-4058.

Herzog, M.

Huang, C.

C. Huang, H. Peng, and F. Yuan, 'A deterministic bound for the access delay of resilient packet rings,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 9(1), 87-89 (2005).

Y. Robichaud, C. Huang, J. Yang, and H. Peng, 'Access delay performance of resilient packet ring under bursty periodic class B traffic load,' in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 2, pp. 1217-1221.

C. Huang, H. Peng, F. Yuan, and J. Hawkins, 'A steady state bound for resilient packet rings,' in Proceedings IEEE GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 7, pp. 4054-4058.

Hunter, D. K.

Kalmanek, C.

D. Wang, K. K. Ramakrishnan, and C. Kalmanek, 'Congestion control in resilient packet rings,' in Proceedings of the 12th IEEE International Conference on Network Protocols (IEEE, 2004), pp. 108-117.

Kitayama, K.

K. Onohara, H. Sotobayashi, K. Kitayama, and W. Chujo, 'Photonic time-slot and wavelength-grid interchange for 10-Gb/s packet switching,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1121-1123 (2001).

Knightly, E.

V. Gambiroza, P. Yuan, L. Balzano, Y. Liu, S. Sheafor, and E. Knightly, 'Design, analysis, and implementation of DVSR: a fair high-performance protocol for packet rings,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 12(1), 85-102 (2004).

P. Yuan, V. Gambiroza, and E. Knightly, 'The IEEE 802.17 media access protocol for high-speed metropolitan-area resilient packet rings,' IEEE Netw. 18(3), 8-15 (2004).

Kvalbein, A.

A. Kvalbein and S. Gjessing, 'Analysis and improved performance of RPR protection,' in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Networks (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 1, pp. 119-124.

Lambadaris, I.

J. Zhu, A. Matrawy, and I. Lambadaris, 'A new scheduling scheme for resilient packet ring networks with single transit buffer,' in Proceedings IEEE GLOBECOM Workshops (IEEE, 2004), pp. 276-280.

Liu, Y.

V. Gambiroza, P. Yuan, L. Balzano, Y. Liu, S. Sheafor, and E. Knightly, 'Design, analysis, and implementation of DVSR: a fair high-performance protocol for packet rings,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 12(1), 85-102 (2004).

Maier, M.

Matrawy, A.

J. Zhu, A. Matrawy, and I. Lambadaris, 'A new scheduling scheme for resilient packet ring networks with single transit buffer,' in Proceedings IEEE GLOBECOM Workshops (IEEE, 2004), pp. 276-280.

O'Mahony, M. J.

Onohara, K.

K. Onohara, H. Sotobayashi, K. Kitayama, and W. Chujo, 'Photonic time-slot and wavelength-grid interchange for 10-Gb/s packet switching,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1121-1123 (2001).

Pan, J.-Y.

N. Ghani, J.-Y. Pan, and X. Cheng, 'Metropolitan optical networks,' Opt. Fiber Telecommun. IVB, 329-403 (2002).

Peng, H.

C. Huang, H. Peng, and F. Yuan, 'A deterministic bound for the access delay of resilient packet rings,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 9(1), 87-89 (2005).

Y. Robichaud, C. Huang, J. Yang, and H. Peng, 'Access delay performance of resilient packet ring under bursty periodic class B traffic load,' in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 2, pp. 1217-1221.

C. Huang, H. Peng, F. Yuan, and J. Hawkins, 'A steady state bound for resilient packet rings,' in Proceedings IEEE GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 7, pp. 4054-4058.

Prucnal, P. R.

B. Y. Yu, P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, K.-L. Deng, D. Zhou, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Packet-switched optical networks,' IEEE Micro 18(1), 28-38 (1998).

Ramakrishnan, K. K.

D. Wang, K. K. Ramakrishnan, and C. Kalmanek, 'Congestion control in resilient packet rings,' in Proceedings of the 12th IEEE International Conference on Network Protocols (IEEE, 2004), pp. 108-117.

Ramaswami, R.

R. Ramaswami and K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks-A Practical Perspective, 2nd ed. (Morgan Kaufmann, 2001).

Reisslein, M.

M. Maier, M. Herzog, M. Scheutzow, and M. Reisslein, 'PROTECTORATION: a fast and efficient multiple-failure recovery technique for resilient packet ring (RPR) using dark fiber,' J. Lightwave Technol. , Special Issue on Optical Networks, 23, 2816-2838 (2005).

M. Scheutzow, P. Seeling, M. Maier, and M. Reisslein, 'Multicast capacity of packet-switched ring WDM networks,' in Proceedings IEEE INFOCOM (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 1, pp. 706-717.

Robichaud, Y.

Y. Robichaud, C. Huang, J. Yang, and H. Peng, 'Access delay performance of resilient packet ring under bursty periodic class B traffic load,' in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 2, pp. 1217-1221.

Runser, R. J.

B. Y. Yu, P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, K.-L. Deng, D. Zhou, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Packet-switched optical networks,' IEEE Micro 18(1), 28-38 (1998).

Scheutzow, M.

M. Maier, M. Herzog, M. Scheutzow, and M. Reisslein, 'PROTECTORATION: a fast and efficient multiple-failure recovery technique for resilient packet ring (RPR) using dark fiber,' J. Lightwave Technol. , Special Issue on Optical Networks, 23, 2816-2838 (2005).

M. Scheutzow, P. Seeling, M. Maier, and M. Reisslein, 'Multicast capacity of packet-switched ring WDM networks,' in Proceedings IEEE INFOCOM (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 1, pp. 706-717.

Seeling, P.

M. Scheutzow, P. Seeling, M. Maier, and M. Reisslein, 'Multicast capacity of packet-switched ring WDM networks,' in Proceedings IEEE INFOCOM (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 1, pp. 706-717.

Sheafor, S.

V. Gambiroza, P. Yuan, L. Balzano, Y. Liu, S. Sheafor, and E. Knightly, 'Design, analysis, and implementation of DVSR: a fair high-performance protocol for packet rings,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 12(1), 85-102 (2004).

Sivarajan, K. N.

R. Ramaswami and K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks-A Practical Perspective, 2nd ed. (Morgan Kaufmann, 2001).

Solé-Pareta, J.

S. Spadaro, J. Solé-Pareta, D. Careglio, K. Wajda, and A. Szymanski, 'Positioning of the RPR standard in contemporary operator environments,' IEEE Netw. 18(2), 35-40 (2004).

Sotobayashi, H.

K. Onohara, H. Sotobayashi, K. Kitayama, and W. Chujo, 'Photonic time-slot and wavelength-grid interchange for 10-Gb/s packet switching,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1121-1123 (2001).

Spadaro, S.

S. Spadaro, J. Solé-Pareta, D. Careglio, K. Wajda, and A. Szymanski, 'Positioning of the RPR standard in contemporary operator environments,' IEEE Netw. 18(2), 35-40 (2004).

Szymanski, A.

S. Spadaro, J. Solé-Pareta, D. Careglio, K. Wajda, and A. Szymanski, 'Positioning of the RPR standard in contemporary operator environments,' IEEE Netw. 18(2), 35-40 (2004).

Toliver, P.

B. Y. Yu, P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, K.-L. Deng, D. Zhou, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Packet-switched optical networks,' IEEE Micro 18(1), 28-38 (1998).

Uzun, N.

F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing, and N. Uzun, 'IEEE 802.17 resilient packet ring tutorial,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(3), 112-118 (2004).

Wajda, K.

S. Spadaro, J. Solé-Pareta, D. Careglio, K. Wajda, and A. Szymanski, 'Positioning of the RPR standard in contemporary operator environments,' IEEE Netw. 18(2), 35-40 (2004).

Wang, D.

D. Wang, K. K. Ramakrishnan, and C. Kalmanek, 'Congestion control in resilient packet rings,' in Proceedings of the 12th IEEE International Conference on Network Protocols (IEEE, 2004), pp. 108-117.

Wolisz, A.

Wright, I.

Yang, J.

Y. Robichaud, C. Huang, J. Yang, and H. Peng, 'Access delay performance of resilient packet ring under bursty periodic class B traffic load,' in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 2, pp. 1217-1221.

Yilmaz, M.

F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing, and N. Uzun, 'IEEE 802.17 resilient packet ring tutorial,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(3), 112-118 (2004).

Yu, B. Y.

B. Y. Yu, P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, K.-L. Deng, D. Zhou, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Packet-switched optical networks,' IEEE Micro 18(1), 28-38 (1998).

Yuan, F.

C. Huang, H. Peng, and F. Yuan, 'A deterministic bound for the access delay of resilient packet rings,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 9(1), 87-89 (2005).

C. Huang, H. Peng, F. Yuan, and J. Hawkins, 'A steady state bound for resilient packet rings,' in Proceedings IEEE GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 7, pp. 4054-4058.

Yuan, P.

V. Gambiroza, P. Yuan, L. Balzano, Y. Liu, S. Sheafor, and E. Knightly, 'Design, analysis, and implementation of DVSR: a fair high-performance protocol for packet rings,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 12(1), 85-102 (2004).

P. Yuan, V. Gambiroza, and E. Knightly, 'The IEEE 802.17 media access protocol for high-speed metropolitan-area resilient packet rings,' IEEE Netw. 18(3), 8-15 (2004).

Zhou, D.

B. Y. Yu, P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, K.-L. Deng, D. Zhou, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Packet-switched optical networks,' IEEE Micro 18(1), 28-38 (1998).

Zhu, J.

J. Zhu, A. Matrawy, and I. Lambadaris, 'A new scheduling scheme for resilient packet ring networks with single transit buffer,' in Proceedings IEEE GLOBECOM Workshops (IEEE, 2004), pp. 276-280.

IEEE Commun. Lett. (1)

C. Huang, H. Peng, and F. Yuan, 'A deterministic bound for the access delay of resilient packet rings,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 9(1), 87-89 (2005).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

M. Herzog and M. Maier, 'RINGOSTAR: an evolutionary performance-enhancing WDM upgrade of IEEE 802.17 resilient packet ring,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(2), S11-S17 (2006).

F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing, and N. Uzun, 'IEEE 802.17 resilient packet ring tutorial,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(3), 112-118 (2004).

IEEE Micro (1)

B. Y. Yu, P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, K.-L. Deng, D. Zhou, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, 'Packet-switched optical networks,' IEEE Micro 18(1), 28-38 (1998).

IEEE Netw. (2)

P. Yuan, V. Gambiroza, and E. Knightly, 'The IEEE 802.17 media access protocol for high-speed metropolitan-area resilient packet rings,' IEEE Netw. 18(3), 8-15 (2004).

S. Spadaro, J. Solé-Pareta, D. Careglio, K. Wajda, and A. Szymanski, 'Positioning of the RPR standard in contemporary operator environments,' IEEE Netw. 18(2), 35-40 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. Onohara, H. Sotobayashi, K. Kitayama, and W. Chujo, 'Photonic time-slot and wavelength-grid interchange for 10-Gb/s packet switching,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1121-1123 (2001).

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (1)

V. Gambiroza, P. Yuan, L. Balzano, Y. Liu, S. Sheafor, and E. Knightly, 'Design, analysis, and implementation of DVSR: a fair high-performance protocol for packet rings,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 12(1), 85-102 (2004).

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Opt. Fiber Telecommun. (1)

N. Ghani, J.-Y. Pan, and X. Cheng, 'Metropolitan optical networks,' Opt. Fiber Telecommun. IVB, 329-403 (2002).

Other (10)

R. Ramaswami and K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks-A Practical Perspective, 2nd ed. (Morgan Kaufmann, 2001).

M. Scheutzow, P. Seeling, M. Maier, and M. Reisslein, 'Multicast capacity of packet-switched ring WDM networks,' in Proceedings IEEE INFOCOM (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 1, pp. 706-717.

F. Alharbi and N. Ansari, 'A novel fairness algorithm for resilient packet ring networks with low computational and hardware complexity,' presented at the 13th IEEE Workshop on Local and Metropolitan Area Networks, Mill Valley, California, April 2004.

Y. Robichaud, C. Huang, J. Yang, and H. Peng, 'Access delay performance of resilient packet ring under bursty periodic class B traffic load,' in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 2, pp. 1217-1221.

F. Davik and S. Gjessing, 'The stability of the resilient packet ring aggressive fairness algorithm,' presented at the 13th IEEE Workshop on Local and Metropolitan Area Networks, Mill Valley, California, April 2004.

D. Wang, K. K. Ramakrishnan, and C. Kalmanek, 'Congestion control in resilient packet rings,' in Proceedings of the 12th IEEE International Conference on Network Protocols (IEEE, 2004), pp. 108-117.

C. Huang, H. Peng, F. Yuan, and J. Hawkins, 'A steady state bound for resilient packet rings,' in Proceedings IEEE GLOBECOM (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 7, pp. 4054-4058.

IEEE, 'IEEE standard 802.17: resilient packet ring,' (September 2004); http://ieee802.org/17.

J. Zhu, A. Matrawy, and I. Lambadaris, 'A new scheduling scheme for resilient packet ring networks with single transit buffer,' in Proceedings IEEE GLOBECOM Workshops (IEEE, 2004), pp. 276-280.

A. Kvalbein and S. Gjessing, 'Analysis and improved performance of RPR protection,' in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Networks (IEEE, 2004), Vol. 1, pp. 119-124.

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