Abstract

<p><a href="http://www.osa-jon.org/virtual_issue.cfm?vid=16">Feature Issue on High Availability in Optical Networks</a></p> The protected network layer packet redundancy scheme (P-NLPRS), which is a novel approach to providing 1+1 path protection functionality in optical packet switching (OPS) networks, is presented. Traditional 1+1 path protection protects data by transmitting two identical copies of each packet over two node- and link-disjoint paths between an ingress and egress node in a network. With the P-NLPRS, a packet set consisting of k−1 data packets and 1 redundancy packet is transmitted over k node- and link-disjoint paths between an ingress and egress node in the OPS network. The P-NLPRS is especially attractive for OPS, since, in addition to providing 1+1 path protection functionality, it may be utilized to combat packet loss due to contentions. An analytical framework suitable for evaluating the cost of providing 1+1 path protection is presented, along with an analytical model of the P-NLPRS. A quantitative cost study shows that the P-NLPRS can provide 1+1 path protection functionality with 33% to 91% of the cost required by traditional 1+1 path protection, depending on the cost model and the network topology.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  2. C. Huang, V. Sharma, K. Owens, and S. Makam, 'Building reliable MPLS networks using a path protection mechanism,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(3), 156-162 (2002).
  3. D. Griffith and S. Less, 'A 1+1 protection architecture for optical burst switched networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1384-1398 (2003).
  4. A. Fumagalli and L. Valcarenghi, 'IP restoration vs. WDM protection: is there an optimal choice?,' IEEE Netw. 14(6), 34-41 (2003).
  5. Q. Zheng and G. Mohan, 'Protection approaches for dynamic traffic in IP/MPLS-over-WDM networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(3), S24-S29 (2003).
  6. L. Sahasrabuddhe, S. Ramamurthy, and B. Mukherjee, 'Fault management in IP-over-WDM networks: WDM protection versus IP restoration,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 21-33 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. J. O'Mahony, D. Simeonidou, D. K. Hunter, and A. Tzanakaki, 'The application of optical packet switching in future communication networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(3), 128-135 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. O. Gerstel and R. Ramaswami, 'Optical layer survivability--an implementation perspective,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1885-1899 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y.-W. Leung, 'Shared packet loss recovery for internet telephony,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 84-86 (2005).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  19. B. E. Helvik and R. Ø. Andreassen, 'Fault tolerance in optical networks: a study of electronic in- and egress interconnections in torus topologies,' in Proceedings of the 17th Nordic Teletraffic Seminar (NTS) (Telenor, 2004), pp. 347-358.
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    [CrossRef]
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2005

Y.-W. Leung, 'Shared packet loss recovery for internet telephony,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 84-86 (2005).

2004

2003

V. M. Vokkarane and J. P. Jue, 'Prioritized burst segmentation and composite burst assembly techniques for QoS support in optical burst-switched networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1198-1209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, 'Pan-European optical transport networks: an availability-based comparison,' Photonic Netw. Commun. 5(3), 203-225 (2003).

O. Gerstel and R. Ramaswami, 'Optical layer survivability--an implementation perspective,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1885-1899 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, S. J. Ben Yoo, and S. Dixit, 'A unified study of contention-resolution schemes in optical packet-switched networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 672-683 (2003).

D. Griffith and S. Less, 'A 1+1 protection architecture for optical burst switched networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1384-1398 (2003).

A. Fumagalli and L. Valcarenghi, 'IP restoration vs. WDM protection: is there an optimal choice?,' IEEE Netw. 14(6), 34-41 (2003).

Q. Zheng and G. Mohan, 'Protection approaches for dynamic traffic in IP/MPLS-over-WDM networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(3), S24-S29 (2003).

2002

L. Sahasrabuddhe, S. Ramamurthy, and B. Mukherjee, 'Fault management in IP-over-WDM networks: WDM protection versus IP restoration,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 21-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Huang, V. Sharma, K. Owens, and S. Makam, 'Building reliable MPLS networks using a path protection mechanism,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(3), 156-162 (2002).

2001

M. J. O'Mahony, D. Simeonidou, D. K. Hunter, and A. Tzanakaki, 'The application of optical packet switching in future communication networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(3), 128-135 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

D. Zhou and S. Subramaniam, 'Survivability in optical networks,' IEEE Netw. 14(6), 16-23 (2000).

1998

1993

I. Chlamtac and A. Fumagalli, 'An optical switch architecture for Manhattan networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 11, 550-559 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Andreassen, R. Ø.

B. E. Helvik and R. Ø. Andreassen, 'Fault tolerance in optical networks: a study of electronic in- and egress interconnections in torus topologies,' in Proceedings of the 17th Nordic Teletraffic Seminar (NTS) (Telenor, 2004), pp. 347-358.

Ben Yoo, S. J.

Bjørnstad, S.

H. Øverby, N. Stol, and S. Bjørnstad, 'Dependability differentiation in optical packet switched networks,' in Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 385-388.

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, H. Wu, D. Xu, and C. Qiao, 'Performance analysis of optical burst switched node with deflection routing,' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communication (IEEE, 2003), pp. 1355-1359.

Chlamtac, I.

I. Chlamtac and A. Fumagalli, 'An optical switch architecture for Manhattan networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 11, 550-559 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Colle, D.

S. D. Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, 'Pan-European optical transport networks: an availability-based comparison,' Photonic Netw. Commun. 5(3), 203-225 (2003).

Danielsen, S. L.

Demeester, P.

S. D. Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, 'Pan-European optical transport networks: an availability-based comparison,' Photonic Netw. Commun. 5(3), 203-225 (2003).

Derkacz, J.

S. D. Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, 'Pan-European optical transport networks: an availability-based comparison,' Photonic Netw. Commun. 5(3), 203-225 (2003).

Dixit, S.

Fumagalli, A.

A. Fumagalli and L. Valcarenghi, 'IP restoration vs. WDM protection: is there an optimal choice?,' IEEE Netw. 14(6), 34-41 (2003).

I. Chlamtac and A. Fumagalli, 'An optical switch architecture for Manhattan networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 11, 550-559 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gerstel, O.

O. Gerstel and R. Ramaswami, 'Optical layer survivability--an implementation perspective,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1885-1899 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Griffith, D.

D. Griffith and S. Less, 'A 1+1 protection architecture for optical burst switched networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1384-1398 (2003).

Hansen, P. B.

Helvik, B. E.

B. E. Helvik and R. Ø. Andreassen, 'Fault tolerance in optical networks: a study of electronic in- and egress interconnections in torus topologies,' in Proceedings of the 17th Nordic Teletraffic Seminar (NTS) (Telenor, 2004), pp. 347-358.

Huang, C.

C. Huang, V. Sharma, K. Owens, and S. Makam, 'Building reliable MPLS networks using a path protection mechanism,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(3), 156-162 (2002).

Hunter, D. K.

M. J. O'Mahony, D. Simeonidou, D. K. Hunter, and A. Tzanakaki, 'The application of optical packet switching in future communication networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(3), 128-135 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Inkret, R.

S. D. Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, 'Pan-European optical transport networks: an availability-based comparison,' Photonic Netw. Commun. 5(3), 203-225 (2003).

Jaeger, M.

S. D. Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, 'Pan-European optical transport networks: an availability-based comparison,' Photonic Netw. Commun. 5(3), 203-225 (2003).

Jue, J. P.

V. M. Vokkarane and J. P. Jue, 'Prioritized burst segmentation and composite burst assembly techniques for QoS support in optical burst-switched networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1198-1209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Less, S.

D. Griffith and S. Less, 'A 1+1 protection architecture for optical burst switched networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1384-1398 (2003).

Leung, Y.-W.

Y.-W. Leung, 'Shared packet loss recovery for internet telephony,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 84-86 (2005).

Lievens, I.

S. D. Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, 'Pan-European optical transport networks: an availability-based comparison,' Photonic Netw. Commun. 5(3), 203-225 (2003).

Maesschalck, S. D.

S. D. Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, 'Pan-European optical transport networks: an availability-based comparison,' Photonic Netw. Commun. 5(3), 203-225 (2003).

Makam, S.

C. Huang, V. Sharma, K. Owens, and S. Makam, 'Building reliable MPLS networks using a path protection mechanism,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(3), 156-162 (2002).

Mauz, C.

S. D. Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, 'Pan-European optical transport networks: an availability-based comparison,' Photonic Netw. Commun. 5(3), 203-225 (2003).

Mikac, B.

S. D. Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, 'Pan-European optical transport networks: an availability-based comparison,' Photonic Netw. Commun. 5(3), 203-225 (2003).

Mohan, G.

Q. Zheng and G. Mohan, 'Protection approaches for dynamic traffic in IP/MPLS-over-WDM networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(3), S24-S29 (2003).

Mukherjee, B.

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, S. J. Ben Yoo, and S. Dixit, 'A unified study of contention-resolution schemes in optical packet-switched networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 672-683 (2003).

L. Sahasrabuddhe, S. Ramamurthy, and B. Mukherjee, 'Fault management in IP-over-WDM networks: WDM protection versus IP restoration,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 21-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O'Mahony, M. J.

M. J. O'Mahony, D. Simeonidou, D. K. Hunter, and A. Tzanakaki, 'The application of optical packet switching in future communication networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(3), 128-135 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Øverby, H.

H. Øverby, 'Network layer packet redundancy in optical packet switched networks,' Opt. Express 12, 4881-4895 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Øverby, N. Stol, and S. Bjørnstad, 'Dependability differentiation in optical packet switched networks,' in Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 385-388.

Owens, K.

C. Huang, V. Sharma, K. Owens, and S. Makam, 'Building reliable MPLS networks using a path protection mechanism,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(3), 156-162 (2002).

Perros, H. G.

H. G. Perros, An Introduction to ATM Networks (Wiley, 2002).

Pickavet, M.

S. D. Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, 'Pan-European optical transport networks: an availability-based comparison,' Photonic Netw. Commun. 5(3), 203-225 (2003).

Qiao, C.

Y. Chen, H. Wu, D. Xu, and C. Qiao, 'Performance analysis of optical burst switched node with deflection routing,' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communication (IEEE, 2003), pp. 1355-1359.

Ramamurthy, S.

L. Sahasrabuddhe, S. Ramamurthy, and B. Mukherjee, 'Fault management in IP-over-WDM networks: WDM protection versus IP restoration,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 21-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ramaswami, R.

O. Gerstel and R. Ramaswami, 'Optical layer survivability--an implementation perspective,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1885-1899 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sahasrabuddhe, L.

L. Sahasrabuddhe, S. Ramamurthy, and B. Mukherjee, 'Fault management in IP-over-WDM networks: WDM protection versus IP restoration,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 21-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, V.

C. Huang, V. Sharma, K. Owens, and S. Makam, 'Building reliable MPLS networks using a path protection mechanism,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(3), 156-162 (2002).

Simeonidou, D.

M. J. O'Mahony, D. Simeonidou, D. K. Hunter, and A. Tzanakaki, 'The application of optical packet switching in future communication networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(3), 128-135 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Stol, N.

H. Øverby, N. Stol, and S. Bjørnstad, 'Dependability differentiation in optical packet switched networks,' in Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 385-388.

Stubkjaer, K. E.

Subramaniam, S.

D. Zhou and S. Subramaniam, 'Survivability in optical networks,' IEEE Netw. 14(6), 16-23 (2000).

Tzanakaki, A.

M. J. O'Mahony, D. Simeonidou, D. K. Hunter, and A. Tzanakaki, 'The application of optical packet switching in future communication networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(3), 128-135 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Valcarenghi, L.

A. Fumagalli and L. Valcarenghi, 'IP restoration vs. WDM protection: is there an optimal choice?,' IEEE Netw. 14(6), 34-41 (2003).

Vokkarane, V. M.

V. M. Vokkarane and J. P. Jue, 'Prioritized burst segmentation and composite burst assembly techniques for QoS support in optical burst-switched networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1198-1209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wu, H.

Y. Chen, H. Wu, D. Xu, and C. Qiao, 'Performance analysis of optical burst switched node with deflection routing,' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communication (IEEE, 2003), pp. 1355-1359.

Xu, D.

Y. Chen, H. Wu, D. Xu, and C. Qiao, 'Performance analysis of optical burst switched node with deflection routing,' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communication (IEEE, 2003), pp. 1355-1359.

Yao, S.

Zheng, Q.

Q. Zheng and G. Mohan, 'Protection approaches for dynamic traffic in IP/MPLS-over-WDM networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(3), S24-S29 (2003).

Zhou, D.

D. Zhou and S. Subramaniam, 'Survivability in optical networks,' IEEE Netw. 14(6), 16-23 (2000).

IEEE Commun. Lett.

Y.-W. Leung, 'Shared packet loss recovery for internet telephony,' IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 84-86 (2005).

IEEE Commun. Mag.

C. Huang, V. Sharma, K. Owens, and S. Makam, 'Building reliable MPLS networks using a path protection mechanism,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(3), 156-162 (2002).

Q. Zheng and G. Mohan, 'Protection approaches for dynamic traffic in IP/MPLS-over-WDM networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(3), S24-S29 (2003).

M. J. O'Mahony, D. Simeonidou, D. K. Hunter, and A. Tzanakaki, 'The application of optical packet switching in future communication networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(3), 128-135 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

O. Gerstel and R. Ramaswami, 'Optical layer survivability--an implementation perspective,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1885-1899 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Vokkarane and J. P. Jue, 'Prioritized burst segmentation and composite burst assembly techniques for QoS support in optical burst-switched networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1198-1209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Chlamtac and A. Fumagalli, 'An optical switch architecture for Manhattan networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 11, 550-559 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. Sahasrabuddhe, S. Ramamurthy, and B. Mukherjee, 'Fault management in IP-over-WDM networks: WDM protection versus IP restoration,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 21-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Griffith and S. Less, 'A 1+1 protection architecture for optical burst switched networks,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1384-1398 (2003).

IEEE Netw.

A. Fumagalli and L. Valcarenghi, 'IP restoration vs. WDM protection: is there an optimal choice?,' IEEE Netw. 14(6), 34-41 (2003).

D. Zhou and S. Subramaniam, 'Survivability in optical networks,' IEEE Netw. 14(6), 16-23 (2000).

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Photonic Netw. Commun.

S. D. Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, 'Pan-European optical transport networks: an availability-based comparison,' Photonic Netw. Commun. 5(3), 203-225 (2003).

Other

Y. Chen, H. Wu, D. Xu, and C. Qiao, 'Performance analysis of optical burst switched node with deflection routing,' in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communication (IEEE, 2003), pp. 1355-1359.

H. Øverby, N. Stol, and S. Bjørnstad, 'Dependability differentiation in optical packet switched networks,' in Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2005), pp. 385-388.

B. E. Helvik and R. Ø. Andreassen, 'Fault tolerance in optical networks: a study of electronic in- and egress interconnections in torus topologies,' in Proceedings of the 17th Nordic Teletraffic Seminar (NTS) (Telenor, 2004), pp. 347-358.

E.Mannie, ed., 'Generalized multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS) architecture,' Internet Engineering Task Force Request for Comment 3945, October 2004.

H. G. Perros, An Introduction to ATM Networks (Wiley, 2002).

Fluid Studios, FSRaid documentation (accessed January 2006), http://www.fluidstudios.com/fsraid.html.

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