Abstract

Cost modeling reveals that deployment of fibers with a high stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold in fiber-to-the-home access networks can reduce material and labor expenditures by more than 20%. Theory and measurements of the high stimulated Brillouin scattering fiber are presented to demonstrate its employability.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. www.nielsen-netratings.com
  2. N. Frigo, K. I. Reichmann, and P. Iannone, "Whatever happened to fiber-to-the-home?," presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 23-28 March 2003, paper TuR1.
  3. See, for example, the web site fsan.mblast.com or go to http://www.itu.int/publications and search on G.983.
  4. M. D. Vaughn, D. Kozischek, D. Meis, A. Boskovic, and R. E. Wagner, "Value of reach and split ratio increase in FTTH access networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2617-2622 (2004).
  5. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2003), Chap. 9.
  6. A. Kobyakov, S. Kumar, D. Q. Chowdhury, A. B. Ruffin, M. Sauer, S. R. Bickham, and R. Mishra, "Design concept for optical fibers with enhanced SBS threshold," Opt. Express 13, 5338--5346 (2005).
  7. Corning NexCor fiber product information brochure, July 2005; U.S. patent application 2004/0218882.
  8. K. Okamoto, Fundamentals of Optical Waveguides (Academic, 2000), Chap. 5.
  9. A. Kobyakov, M. Mehendale, M. Vasilyev, S. Tsuda, and A. F. Evans, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering in Raman-pumped fibers: a theoretical approach," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1635-1643 (2002).
  10. N. Lagakos, J. A. Bucaro, and R. Hughes, "Acoustic sensitivity predictions of single-mode optical fibers using Brillouin scattering," Appl. Opt. 19, 3668-3670 (1980).
  11. S. T. Gulati and J. D. Helfinstine, "Fatigue behavior of GeO2-SiO2 glasses," Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 531, 133-138 (1998).
  12. R. G. Smith, "Optical power handling capacity of low-loss optical fibers as determined by stimulated Raman and Brillouin scattering," Appl. Opt. 11, 2489-2494 (1972).
  13. E. Peral and A. Yariv, "Degradation of modulation and noise characteristics of semiconductor lasers after propagation in optical fiber due to a phase shift induced by stimulated Brillouin scattering," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1185-1195 (1999).
  14. M. Horowitz, A. R. Chraplyvy, R. W. Tkach, and J. L. Zyskind, "Broadband transmitted intensity noise induced by Stokes and anti-Stokes Brillouin scattering in SMFs," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 124-126 (1997).
  15. F. Coppinger, L. Chen, and D. Piehler, "Nonlinear Raman crosstalk in a video overlay passive optical networks," presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference , Atlanta, Georgia, 25-27 March 2003, paperTuR5.
  16. F. W. Willems, J. C. van der Plaats, and W. Muys, "Harmonic distortion caused by stimulated Brillouin scattering suppression in externally modulated lightwave AMCATV systems," Electron. Lett. 30, 343-345 (1994).
  17. N. Yoshizawa and T. Imai, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering suppression by means of applying strain distribution to fiber with cabling," J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1518-1522 (1993).
  18. X. P. Mao, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, R. M. Jopson, and R. M. Derosier, "Stimulated Brillouin threshold dependence on fiber type and uniformity," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4, 66-69 (1992).
  19. K. Shiraki, M. Ohashi, and M. Tateda, "SBS threshold of a fiber with a Brillouin frequency shift distribution," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 50-57 (1996).
  20. A. Wada, T. Nozawa, D. Tanaka, and R. Yamauchi, "Suppression of stimulated Brillouin scattering by intentionally induced periodical residual strain in single-mode optical fibers," in European Conference on Optical Communications, Technical Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1999), page Mo.B1.1.
  21. M. R. Phillips and D. M. Ott, "Optical fiber nonlinearities in 1550 nm analog transmission systems," in European Conference on Optical Communications, Technical Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1999), page II190.
  22. Y. Miyajima, M. Ohasi, and M. Nakajima, "Novel dispersion-managed fiber for suppressing FWM and an evaluation of its dispersion distribution," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1996), page PD71.
  23. H. Lee and G. P. Agrawal, "Suppression of stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers using fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Express 11, 3467-3472 (2003).
  24. A. Woodfin, A. B. Ruffin, and J. Painter, "Advances in optical fiber technology for analog transport: technical advantages and recent deployment experience," NCTA Technical Papers (National Cable and Telecommunications Association, May 2003).
  25. M. R. Phillips, T. E. Darcie, D. Marcuse, G. E. Bodeep, and N. J. Frigo, "Nonlinear distortion generated by dispersive transmission of chirped intensity modulated signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 481-483 (1991).
  26. C. Desem, "Composite second-order distortion due to self-phase modulation in externally modulated optical AM-SCM systems operating at ∼1550⁢ nm," Electron. Lett. 30, 2055-2056 (1994).
  27. X. P. Mao, G. E. Bodeep, R. W. Tkach, A.R. Chraplyvy, T. E. Darcie, and R. M. Derosier, "Brillouin scattering in externally modulated lightwave AM-VSB CATV transmission systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 287-289 (1992).

2004 (1)

M. D. Vaughn, D. Kozischek, D. Meis, A. Boskovic, and R. E. Wagner, "Value of reach and split ratio increase in FTTH access networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2617-2622 (2004).

2003 (1)

H. Lee and G. P. Agrawal, "Suppression of stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers using fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Express 11, 3467-3472 (2003).

2002 (1)

A. Kobyakov, M. Mehendale, M. Vasilyev, S. Tsuda, and A. F. Evans, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering in Raman-pumped fibers: a theoretical approach," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1635-1643 (2002).

1999 (1)

E. Peral and A. Yariv, "Degradation of modulation and noise characteristics of semiconductor lasers after propagation in optical fiber due to a phase shift induced by stimulated Brillouin scattering," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1185-1195 (1999).

1998 (1)

S. T. Gulati and J. D. Helfinstine, "Fatigue behavior of GeO2-SiO2 glasses," Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 531, 133-138 (1998).

1997 (1)

M. Horowitz, A. R. Chraplyvy, R. W. Tkach, and J. L. Zyskind, "Broadband transmitted intensity noise induced by Stokes and anti-Stokes Brillouin scattering in SMFs," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 124-126 (1997).

1996 (1)

K. Shiraki, M. Ohashi, and M. Tateda, "SBS threshold of a fiber with a Brillouin frequency shift distribution," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 50-57 (1996).

1994 (2)

C. Desem, "Composite second-order distortion due to self-phase modulation in externally modulated optical AM-SCM systems operating at ∼1550⁢ nm," Electron. Lett. 30, 2055-2056 (1994).

F. W. Willems, J. C. van der Plaats, and W. Muys, "Harmonic distortion caused by stimulated Brillouin scattering suppression in externally modulated lightwave AMCATV systems," Electron. Lett. 30, 343-345 (1994).

1993 (1)

N. Yoshizawa and T. Imai, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering suppression by means of applying strain distribution to fiber with cabling," J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1518-1522 (1993).

1992 (2)

X. P. Mao, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, R. M. Jopson, and R. M. Derosier, "Stimulated Brillouin threshold dependence on fiber type and uniformity," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4, 66-69 (1992).

X. P. Mao, G. E. Bodeep, R. W. Tkach, A.R. Chraplyvy, T. E. Darcie, and R. M. Derosier, "Brillouin scattering in externally modulated lightwave AM-VSB CATV transmission systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 287-289 (1992).

1991 (1)

M. R. Phillips, T. E. Darcie, D. Marcuse, G. E. Bodeep, and N. J. Frigo, "Nonlinear distortion generated by dispersive transmission of chirped intensity modulated signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 481-483 (1991).

1980 (1)

1972 (1)

Agrawal, G. P.

H. Lee and G. P. Agrawal, "Suppression of stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers using fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Express 11, 3467-3472 (2003).

Bickham, S. R.

A. Kobyakov, S. Kumar, D. Q. Chowdhury, A. B. Ruffin, M. Sauer, S. R. Bickham, and R. Mishra, "Design concept for optical fibers with enhanced SBS threshold," Opt. Express 13, 5338--5346 (2005).

Bodeep, G. E.

X. P. Mao, G. E. Bodeep, R. W. Tkach, A.R. Chraplyvy, T. E. Darcie, and R. M. Derosier, "Brillouin scattering in externally modulated lightwave AM-VSB CATV transmission systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 287-289 (1992).

M. R. Phillips, T. E. Darcie, D. Marcuse, G. E. Bodeep, and N. J. Frigo, "Nonlinear distortion generated by dispersive transmission of chirped intensity modulated signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 481-483 (1991).

Boskovic, A.

M. D. Vaughn, D. Kozischek, D. Meis, A. Boskovic, and R. E. Wagner, "Value of reach and split ratio increase in FTTH access networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2617-2622 (2004).

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2003), Chap. 9.

Bucaro, J. A.

Chen, L.

F. Coppinger, L. Chen, and D. Piehler, "Nonlinear Raman crosstalk in a video overlay passive optical networks," presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference , Atlanta, Georgia, 25-27 March 2003, paperTuR5.

Chowdhury, D. Q.

A. Kobyakov, S. Kumar, D. Q. Chowdhury, A. B. Ruffin, M. Sauer, S. R. Bickham, and R. Mishra, "Design concept for optical fibers with enhanced SBS threshold," Opt. Express 13, 5338--5346 (2005).

Chraplyvy, A. R.

M. Horowitz, A. R. Chraplyvy, R. W. Tkach, and J. L. Zyskind, "Broadband transmitted intensity noise induced by Stokes and anti-Stokes Brillouin scattering in SMFs," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 124-126 (1997).

X. P. Mao, G. E. Bodeep, R. W. Tkach, A.R. Chraplyvy, T. E. Darcie, and R. M. Derosier, "Brillouin scattering in externally modulated lightwave AM-VSB CATV transmission systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 287-289 (1992).

X. P. Mao, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, R. M. Jopson, and R. M. Derosier, "Stimulated Brillouin threshold dependence on fiber type and uniformity," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4, 66-69 (1992).

Coppinger, F.

F. Coppinger, L. Chen, and D. Piehler, "Nonlinear Raman crosstalk in a video overlay passive optical networks," presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference , Atlanta, Georgia, 25-27 March 2003, paperTuR5.

Darcie, T. E.

X. P. Mao, G. E. Bodeep, R. W. Tkach, A.R. Chraplyvy, T. E. Darcie, and R. M. Derosier, "Brillouin scattering in externally modulated lightwave AM-VSB CATV transmission systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 287-289 (1992).

M. R. Phillips, T. E. Darcie, D. Marcuse, G. E. Bodeep, and N. J. Frigo, "Nonlinear distortion generated by dispersive transmission of chirped intensity modulated signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 481-483 (1991).

Derosier, R. M.

X. P. Mao, G. E. Bodeep, R. W. Tkach, A.R. Chraplyvy, T. E. Darcie, and R. M. Derosier, "Brillouin scattering in externally modulated lightwave AM-VSB CATV transmission systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 287-289 (1992).

X. P. Mao, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, R. M. Jopson, and R. M. Derosier, "Stimulated Brillouin threshold dependence on fiber type and uniformity," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4, 66-69 (1992).

Desem, C.

C. Desem, "Composite second-order distortion due to self-phase modulation in externally modulated optical AM-SCM systems operating at ∼1550⁢ nm," Electron. Lett. 30, 2055-2056 (1994).

Evans, A. F.

A. Kobyakov, M. Mehendale, M. Vasilyev, S. Tsuda, and A. F. Evans, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering in Raman-pumped fibers: a theoretical approach," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1635-1643 (2002).

Frigo, N.

N. Frigo, K. I. Reichmann, and P. Iannone, "Whatever happened to fiber-to-the-home?," presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 23-28 March 2003, paper TuR1.

Frigo, N. J.

M. R. Phillips, T. E. Darcie, D. Marcuse, G. E. Bodeep, and N. J. Frigo, "Nonlinear distortion generated by dispersive transmission of chirped intensity modulated signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 481-483 (1991).

Gulati, S. T.

S. T. Gulati and J. D. Helfinstine, "Fatigue behavior of GeO2-SiO2 glasses," Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 531, 133-138 (1998).

Helfinstine, J. D.

S. T. Gulati and J. D. Helfinstine, "Fatigue behavior of GeO2-SiO2 glasses," Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 531, 133-138 (1998).

Horowitz, M.

M. Horowitz, A. R. Chraplyvy, R. W. Tkach, and J. L. Zyskind, "Broadband transmitted intensity noise induced by Stokes and anti-Stokes Brillouin scattering in SMFs," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 124-126 (1997).

Hughes, R.

Iannone, P.

N. Frigo, K. I. Reichmann, and P. Iannone, "Whatever happened to fiber-to-the-home?," presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 23-28 March 2003, paper TuR1.

Imai, T.

N. Yoshizawa and T. Imai, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering suppression by means of applying strain distribution to fiber with cabling," J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1518-1522 (1993).

Jopson, R. M.

X. P. Mao, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, R. M. Jopson, and R. M. Derosier, "Stimulated Brillouin threshold dependence on fiber type and uniformity," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4, 66-69 (1992).

Kobyakov, A.

A. Kobyakov, M. Mehendale, M. Vasilyev, S. Tsuda, and A. F. Evans, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering in Raman-pumped fibers: a theoretical approach," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1635-1643 (2002).

A. Kobyakov, S. Kumar, D. Q. Chowdhury, A. B. Ruffin, M. Sauer, S. R. Bickham, and R. Mishra, "Design concept for optical fibers with enhanced SBS threshold," Opt. Express 13, 5338--5346 (2005).

Kozischek, D.

M. D. Vaughn, D. Kozischek, D. Meis, A. Boskovic, and R. E. Wagner, "Value of reach and split ratio increase in FTTH access networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2617-2622 (2004).

Kumar, S.

A. Kobyakov, S. Kumar, D. Q. Chowdhury, A. B. Ruffin, M. Sauer, S. R. Bickham, and R. Mishra, "Design concept for optical fibers with enhanced SBS threshold," Opt. Express 13, 5338--5346 (2005).

Lagakos, N.

Lee, H.

H. Lee and G. P. Agrawal, "Suppression of stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers using fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Express 11, 3467-3472 (2003).

Mao, X. P.

X. P. Mao, G. E. Bodeep, R. W. Tkach, A.R. Chraplyvy, T. E. Darcie, and R. M. Derosier, "Brillouin scattering in externally modulated lightwave AM-VSB CATV transmission systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 287-289 (1992).

X. P. Mao, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, R. M. Jopson, and R. M. Derosier, "Stimulated Brillouin threshold dependence on fiber type and uniformity," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4, 66-69 (1992).

Marcuse, D.

M. R. Phillips, T. E. Darcie, D. Marcuse, G. E. Bodeep, and N. J. Frigo, "Nonlinear distortion generated by dispersive transmission of chirped intensity modulated signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 481-483 (1991).

Mehendale, M.

A. Kobyakov, M. Mehendale, M. Vasilyev, S. Tsuda, and A. F. Evans, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering in Raman-pumped fibers: a theoretical approach," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1635-1643 (2002).

Meis, D.

M. D. Vaughn, D. Kozischek, D. Meis, A. Boskovic, and R. E. Wagner, "Value of reach and split ratio increase in FTTH access networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2617-2622 (2004).

Mishra, R.

A. Kobyakov, S. Kumar, D. Q. Chowdhury, A. B. Ruffin, M. Sauer, S. R. Bickham, and R. Mishra, "Design concept for optical fibers with enhanced SBS threshold," Opt. Express 13, 5338--5346 (2005).

Miyajima, Y.

Y. Miyajima, M. Ohasi, and M. Nakajima, "Novel dispersion-managed fiber for suppressing FWM and an evaluation of its dispersion distribution," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1996), page PD71.

Muys, W.

F. W. Willems, J. C. van der Plaats, and W. Muys, "Harmonic distortion caused by stimulated Brillouin scattering suppression in externally modulated lightwave AMCATV systems," Electron. Lett. 30, 343-345 (1994).

Nakajima, M.

Y. Miyajima, M. Ohasi, and M. Nakajima, "Novel dispersion-managed fiber for suppressing FWM and an evaluation of its dispersion distribution," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1996), page PD71.

Nozawa, T.

A. Wada, T. Nozawa, D. Tanaka, and R. Yamauchi, "Suppression of stimulated Brillouin scattering by intentionally induced periodical residual strain in single-mode optical fibers," in European Conference on Optical Communications, Technical Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1999), page Mo.B1.1.

Ohashi, M.

K. Shiraki, M. Ohashi, and M. Tateda, "SBS threshold of a fiber with a Brillouin frequency shift distribution," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 50-57 (1996).

Ohasi, M.

Y. Miyajima, M. Ohasi, and M. Nakajima, "Novel dispersion-managed fiber for suppressing FWM and an evaluation of its dispersion distribution," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1996), page PD71.

Okamoto, K.

K. Okamoto, Fundamentals of Optical Waveguides (Academic, 2000), Chap. 5.

Ott, D. M.

M. R. Phillips and D. M. Ott, "Optical fiber nonlinearities in 1550 nm analog transmission systems," in European Conference on Optical Communications, Technical Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1999), page II190.

Painter, J.

A. Woodfin, A. B. Ruffin, and J. Painter, "Advances in optical fiber technology for analog transport: technical advantages and recent deployment experience," NCTA Technical Papers (National Cable and Telecommunications Association, May 2003).

Peral, E.

E. Peral and A. Yariv, "Degradation of modulation and noise characteristics of semiconductor lasers after propagation in optical fiber due to a phase shift induced by stimulated Brillouin scattering," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1185-1195 (1999).

Phillips, M. R.

M. R. Phillips, T. E. Darcie, D. Marcuse, G. E. Bodeep, and N. J. Frigo, "Nonlinear distortion generated by dispersive transmission of chirped intensity modulated signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 481-483 (1991).

M. R. Phillips and D. M. Ott, "Optical fiber nonlinearities in 1550 nm analog transmission systems," in European Conference on Optical Communications, Technical Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1999), page II190.

Piehler, D.

F. Coppinger, L. Chen, and D. Piehler, "Nonlinear Raman crosstalk in a video overlay passive optical networks," presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference , Atlanta, Georgia, 25-27 March 2003, paperTuR5.

Reichmann, K. I.

N. Frigo, K. I. Reichmann, and P. Iannone, "Whatever happened to fiber-to-the-home?," presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 23-28 March 2003, paper TuR1.

Ruffin, A. B.

A. Kobyakov, S. Kumar, D. Q. Chowdhury, A. B. Ruffin, M. Sauer, S. R. Bickham, and R. Mishra, "Design concept for optical fibers with enhanced SBS threshold," Opt. Express 13, 5338--5346 (2005).

A. Woodfin, A. B. Ruffin, and J. Painter, "Advances in optical fiber technology for analog transport: technical advantages and recent deployment experience," NCTA Technical Papers (National Cable and Telecommunications Association, May 2003).

Sauer, M.

A. Kobyakov, S. Kumar, D. Q. Chowdhury, A. B. Ruffin, M. Sauer, S. R. Bickham, and R. Mishra, "Design concept for optical fibers with enhanced SBS threshold," Opt. Express 13, 5338--5346 (2005).

Shiraki, K.

K. Shiraki, M. Ohashi, and M. Tateda, "SBS threshold of a fiber with a Brillouin frequency shift distribution," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 50-57 (1996).

Smith, R. G.

Tanaka, D.

A. Wada, T. Nozawa, D. Tanaka, and R. Yamauchi, "Suppression of stimulated Brillouin scattering by intentionally induced periodical residual strain in single-mode optical fibers," in European Conference on Optical Communications, Technical Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1999), page Mo.B1.1.

Tateda, M.

K. Shiraki, M. Ohashi, and M. Tateda, "SBS threshold of a fiber with a Brillouin frequency shift distribution," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 50-57 (1996).

Tkach, R. W.

M. Horowitz, A. R. Chraplyvy, R. W. Tkach, and J. L. Zyskind, "Broadband transmitted intensity noise induced by Stokes and anti-Stokes Brillouin scattering in SMFs," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 124-126 (1997).

X. P. Mao, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, R. M. Jopson, and R. M. Derosier, "Stimulated Brillouin threshold dependence on fiber type and uniformity," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4, 66-69 (1992).

X. P. Mao, G. E. Bodeep, R. W. Tkach, A.R. Chraplyvy, T. E. Darcie, and R. M. Derosier, "Brillouin scattering in externally modulated lightwave AM-VSB CATV transmission systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 287-289 (1992).

Tsuda, S.

A. Kobyakov, M. Mehendale, M. Vasilyev, S. Tsuda, and A. F. Evans, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering in Raman-pumped fibers: a theoretical approach," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1635-1643 (2002).

van der Plaats, J. C.

F. W. Willems, J. C. van der Plaats, and W. Muys, "Harmonic distortion caused by stimulated Brillouin scattering suppression in externally modulated lightwave AMCATV systems," Electron. Lett. 30, 343-345 (1994).

Vasilyev, M.

A. Kobyakov, M. Mehendale, M. Vasilyev, S. Tsuda, and A. F. Evans, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering in Raman-pumped fibers: a theoretical approach," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1635-1643 (2002).

Vaughn, M. D.

M. D. Vaughn, D. Kozischek, D. Meis, A. Boskovic, and R. E. Wagner, "Value of reach and split ratio increase in FTTH access networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2617-2622 (2004).

Wada, A.

A. Wada, T. Nozawa, D. Tanaka, and R. Yamauchi, "Suppression of stimulated Brillouin scattering by intentionally induced periodical residual strain in single-mode optical fibers," in European Conference on Optical Communications, Technical Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1999), page Mo.B1.1.

Wagner, R. E.

M. D. Vaughn, D. Kozischek, D. Meis, A. Boskovic, and R. E. Wagner, "Value of reach and split ratio increase in FTTH access networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2617-2622 (2004).

Willems, F. W.

F. W. Willems, J. C. van der Plaats, and W. Muys, "Harmonic distortion caused by stimulated Brillouin scattering suppression in externally modulated lightwave AMCATV systems," Electron. Lett. 30, 343-345 (1994).

Woodfin, A.

A. Woodfin, A. B. Ruffin, and J. Painter, "Advances in optical fiber technology for analog transport: technical advantages and recent deployment experience," NCTA Technical Papers (National Cable and Telecommunications Association, May 2003).

Yamauchi, R.

A. Wada, T. Nozawa, D. Tanaka, and R. Yamauchi, "Suppression of stimulated Brillouin scattering by intentionally induced periodical residual strain in single-mode optical fibers," in European Conference on Optical Communications, Technical Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1999), page Mo.B1.1.

Yariv, A.

E. Peral and A. Yariv, "Degradation of modulation and noise characteristics of semiconductor lasers after propagation in optical fiber due to a phase shift induced by stimulated Brillouin scattering," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1185-1195 (1999).

Yoshizawa, N.

N. Yoshizawa and T. Imai, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering suppression by means of applying strain distribution to fiber with cabling," J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1518-1522 (1993).

Zyskind, J. L.

M. Horowitz, A. R. Chraplyvy, R. W. Tkach, and J. L. Zyskind, "Broadband transmitted intensity noise induced by Stokes and anti-Stokes Brillouin scattering in SMFs," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 124-126 (1997).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Electron. Lett. (2)

F. W. Willems, J. C. van der Plaats, and W. Muys, "Harmonic distortion caused by stimulated Brillouin scattering suppression in externally modulated lightwave AMCATV systems," Electron. Lett. 30, 343-345 (1994).

C. Desem, "Composite second-order distortion due to self-phase modulation in externally modulated optical AM-SCM systems operating at ∼1550⁢ nm," Electron. Lett. 30, 2055-2056 (1994).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

X. P. Mao, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, R. M. Jopson, and R. M. Derosier, "Stimulated Brillouin threshold dependence on fiber type and uniformity," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4, 66-69 (1992).

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

A. Kobyakov, M. Mehendale, M. Vasilyev, S. Tsuda, and A. F. Evans, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering in Raman-pumped fibers: a theoretical approach," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1635-1643 (2002).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. Peral and A. Yariv, "Degradation of modulation and noise characteristics of semiconductor lasers after propagation in optical fiber due to a phase shift induced by stimulated Brillouin scattering," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1185-1195 (1999).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

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