Abstract

We present an analytical model for performance of a transmission system in which Raman amplification is employed. We perform a network value analysis on the basis of that model and show that use of Raman amplification in 40-Gbit/s dispersion-managed systems can realize a savings in capital expenditure of ~20% compared with erbium-doped fiber amplifiers for a full network build of a large U.S. carrier.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Raman Amplifiers for Telecommunications, M. N. Islam, ed. (Springer, New York, 2004).
  2. A. Kobyakov, M. Vasilyev, and A. F. Evans, "Performance analysis of Raman amplifiers based on dispersion-managed fibers," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2003), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper WB2, pp. 305-306.
  3. A. Kobyakov, "Prospects of Raman-assisted transmission systems," in Active and Passive Optical Components for WDM Communications III, A. K. Dutta, A. A. S. Awwal, N. K. Dutta, and K. Fujiura, eds., Proc. SPIE 5246, 174-188 (2003).
  4. R. J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, J. Bromage, and C. H. Kim, "Design of bidirectionally pumped fiber amplifiers generating double Rayleigh backscattering," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 914-916 (2002).
  5. V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, "Optimizing the noise performance of broadband WDM systems with distributed Raman amplification," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1199-1201 (2002).
  6. S. Kumar, J. C. Mauro, and S. Raghavan, "Impact of modulation format and filtering on the calculation of amplified spontaneous emission noise penalty," J. Opt. Commun. 25, 95-103 (2004).
  7. M. O. van Deventer, "Polarization properties of Rayleigh backscattering in single mode fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1895-1899 (1993).
  8. C. Martinelli, G. Charlet, L. Pierre, J. Antona, and D. Bayart, "System impairment of double-Rayleigh scattering and dependence on modulation format," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2003), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper FE3, pp. 658-660.
  9. P. J. Winzer, R.-J. Essiambre and J. Bromage, "Combined impact of double Rayleigh backscatter and amplified spontaneous emission on receiver noise," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2003), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper ThGG87, pp. 734-735.
  10. S. Raghavan and J. C. Mauro, "Optimisation of filter bandwidths for alternate modulation formats in 40-Gbit/s ASE-limited systems," Electron. Lett. 38, 1119-1121 (2002).
  11. A. Dwivedi and R. E. Wagner, "Traffic model for USA long-distance optical network," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2000), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 156-158.
  12. A. Dwivedi, M. Sharma, J. M. Grochocinski, and R. E. Wagner, "Value of reach extension in long-distance networks," presented at National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (NFOEC 2000), Denver, Colo., 28-30 August 2000.

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. Raghavan and J. C. Mauro, "Optimisation of filter bandwidths for alternate modulation formats in 40-Gbit/s ASE-limited systems," Electron. Lett. 38, 1119-1121 (2002).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

R. J. Essiambre, P. Winzer, J. Bromage, and C. H. Kim, "Design of bidirectionally pumped fiber amplifiers generating double Rayleigh backscattering," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 914-916 (2002).

V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, "Optimizing the noise performance of broadband WDM systems with distributed Raman amplification," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 1199-1201 (2002).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

M. O. van Deventer, "Polarization properties of Rayleigh backscattering in single mode fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1895-1899 (1993).

J. Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Kumar, J. C. Mauro, and S. Raghavan, "Impact of modulation format and filtering on the calculation of amplified spontaneous emission noise penalty," J. Opt. Commun. 25, 95-103 (2004).

NFOEC 2000 (1)

A. Dwivedi, M. Sharma, J. M. Grochocinski, and R. E. Wagner, "Value of reach extension in long-distance networks," presented at National Fiber Optics Engineers Conference (NFOEC 2000), Denver, Colo., 28-30 August 2000.

OFC 2003 (1)

P. J. Winzer, R.-J. Essiambre and J. Bromage, "Combined impact of double Rayleigh backscatter and amplified spontaneous emission on receiver noise," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2003), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper ThGG87, pp. 734-735.

OSA TOPS Series 2000 (1)

A. Dwivedi and R. E. Wagner, "Traffic model for USA long-distance optical network," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2000), Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 156-158.

OSA TOPS Series 2003 (2)

C. Martinelli, G. Charlet, L. Pierre, J. Antona, and D. Bayart, "System impairment of double-Rayleigh scattering and dependence on modulation format," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2003), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper FE3, pp. 658-660.

A. Kobyakov, M. Vasilyev, and A. F. Evans, "Performance analysis of Raman amplifiers based on dispersion-managed fibers," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2003), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper WB2, pp. 305-306.

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. Kobyakov, "Prospects of Raman-assisted transmission systems," in Active and Passive Optical Components for WDM Communications III, A. K. Dutta, A. A. S. Awwal, N. K. Dutta, and K. Fujiura, eds., Proc. SPIE 5246, 174-188 (2003).

Other (1)

Raman Amplifiers for Telecommunications, M. N. Islam, ed. (Springer, New York, 2004).

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