Abstract

An optoelectronic router with a shuffle exchange network is presented and enhanced by the addition of micro-optoelectromechanical systems (MOEMS) in the network to add the ability to reconfigure the shuffle network. The MOEMS described here are fully connected any-to-any crossbar switches. The added reconfigurability provides the opportunity to adapt the system to different common application characteristics. Two representative application models are described: The first has symmetric properties, and the second has asymmetric properties. The router system is simulated with the specified applications and an analysis of the results is carried out. By use of MOEMS in the optical network, and thus reconfigurability, greater than 50% increased throughput performance and decreased average packet delay are obtained for the given application. Network congestion is avoided throughout the system if reconfigurability is used.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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10th European Microelectronics Conf. (1)

M. Robertsson, K. Engberg, P. Eriksen, H. Hesselbom, M. Niburg, and G. Palmskog, "Optical interconnects in packaging for telecom applications," in Proceedings of the 10th European Microelectronics Conference (ISHM, Copenhagen, 1995), pp. 580-591.

3rd Intl Conf Massivelly Parallel Proc (1)

M. A. Shahid and W. R. Holland, "Flexible optical backplane interconnections," in Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing Using Optical Interconnections (IEEE, 1996), pp. 178-185.

Electronic Components and Technology Con (1)

F. Mederer, I. Ecker, R. Michalzik, G. Steinle, H. Riechert, B. Lunitz, J. Moisel, and D. Wiedenmann, "VCSEL transmitters for 10-Gigabit Ethernet: 1.3  μm wavelength VCSELs for metropolitan area networks and TO-packaged 850 nm wavelength VCSELs for data transmission over multimode fibers and optical backplane waveguides," in Proceedings of the 52nd Electronic Components and Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N. J., 2002), pp. 5 -11.

Ericsson Rev. (1)

P. Eriksen, K. Gustafsson, M. Niburg, G. Palmskog, M. Robertsson, and K. Åkermark, "The Apollo demonstrator--new low-cost technologies for optical interconnects," Ericsson Rev. 72, 80-88 (1995).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

P. B. Chu, S. Lee, and S. Park, "MEMS: the path to large optical crossconnects," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 80-87 (2002).

X. Ma and G. Kuo, "Optical switching technology comparison: optical MEMS vs. other technologies," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(11), 16-23 (2003).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. Y. Lin, E. L. Goldstein, and R. W. Tkach, "Free-space micromachined optical switches for optical networking," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 4-9 (1999).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Netw. Mag. (2)

A. Pattavina, M. Martinelli, G. Maier, and P. Boffi, "Techniques and technologies towards all-optical switching," Opt. Netw. Mag. 1(2), 75-93 (2000).

M. Jonsson, "Optical interconnection technology in switches, routers and optical cross connects," Opt. Netw. Mag. 4(4), 20-34 (2003).

OSA TOPS Series 2000 (1)

D. T. Neilson, V. A. Aksyuk, S. Arney, N. R. Basavanhally, K. S. Bhalla, D. J. Bishop, B. A. Boie, C. A. Bolle, J. V. Gates, A. M. Gottlieb, J. P. Hickey, N. A. Jackman, P. R. Kolodner, S. K. Korotky, B. Mikkelsen, F. Pardo, G. Raybon, R. Ruel, R. E. Scotti, T. W. Van Blarcum, L. Zhang, and C. R. Giles, "Fully provisioned 112×112 micro-mechanical optical crossconnect with 35.8 Tb/s demonstrated capacity," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 202-204.

OSA TOPS Series 2002 (1)

V. A. Aksyuk, S. Arney, N. R. Basavanhally, D. J. Bishop, C. A. Bolle, C. C. Chang, R. Frahm, A. Gasparyan, J. V. Gates, R. George, C. R. Giles, J. Kim, P. R. Kolodner, T. M. Lee, David T. Neilson, C. Nijander, C. J. Nuzman, M. Paczkowski, A. R. Papazian, F. Pardo, D. A. Ramsey, R. Ryf, R. E. Scotti, H. Shea, and M. E. Simon, "238×238 Micromachined optical crossconnect with 2dB maximum loss," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), pp. FB9-1-FB9-3.

Wkshp on Massively Parallel Processing (1)

S. Agelis, S. Jacobsson, M. Jonsson, A. Alping, and P. Ligander, "Modular interconnection system for optical PCB and backplane communication" Proceedings of the Workshop on Massively Parallel Processing in conjunction with International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium, (IEEE, 2002), pp. 245-250.

Other (8)

S. Agelis and M. Jonsson, "System-level runtime reconfigurability--optical interconnection networks for switching applications," presented at the International Conference on Engineering of Reconfigurable Systems and Algorithms, Las Vegas, Nev., June 21-24, 2004.

"Lucent Technologies" (Lucent Technologies, Murray Hills, N.J.), retrieved February 2004,<a href="http://www.lucent.com/">http://www.lucent.com/</a>.

J. Kemp, ed., "ASAAC--an overview" (SafSec), retrieved May 2004,<a href="http://www.safsec.com/safsec_files/resources/asaac_~1.doc">http://www.safsec.com/safsec_files/resources/asaac_~1.doc</a>.

"MEMS for optical networks finally seeing the light," (In-Stat/MDR, Scottsdale, Ariz., April 26, 2004),<a href="http://www.instat.com/press.asp?ID=949&sku=IN0401416EA">http://www.instat.com/press.asp?ID=949&sku=IN0401416EA</a>.

"Chalmers Center for High Speed Technology" (Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden, January 10, 2004),<a href="http://www.nt.chalmers.se/chach/">http://www.nt.chalmers.se/chach/</a>.

"Sektionen för informationsvetenskap data- och elektroteknik" (Högskolan i Halmstad, Hamlstad, Sweden, August 11, 2004),<a href="http://www.hh.se/ide/forskning/compsyseng/rsa.htm">http://www.hh.se/ide/forskning/compsyseng/rsa.htm</a>.

"Zarlink Semiconductor" (Zarlink Semiconductor Inc., Ottawa, Ontario, Canada), retrieved February 2004,<a href="http://www.zarlink.com/">http://www.zarlink.com/</a>.

"Xan3D Technologies," (Xan3D Technologies, Merrimack, N.H.), retrieved February 2004,<a href="http://www.xanoptics.com/">http://www.xanoptics.com/</a>.

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