Abstract

Feature Issue on Optical Performance Monitoring (OPM)

A compact and cost-effective device for monitoring wavelengths and power levels of WDM channels labeled with pilot tones is presented. The device utilizes a tunable silicon etalon and a simple sampling scheme to identify and analyze the channels directly from the optical multiplex. The operation is demonstrated in a four-channel system. Extension to a large number of WDM channels is evaluated through simulations.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. K. Shin, C.-H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, "A novel frequency and power monitoring method for WDM network," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 168-170 .
  2. K. J. Park, S. K. Shin, and Y. C. Chung, "A simple monitoring technique for WDM networks," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (OFC/IOOC '99) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 152-154.
  3. M. Teshima, M. Koga, and K. Sato, "Multiwavelength simultaneous monitoring circuit employing wavelength crossover properties of arrayed-waveguide grating," Electron. Lett. 31, 1595-1597 (1995).
  4. C. J. Youn, S. K. Shin, K. J. Park, and Y. C. Chung, "Optical frequency monitoring technique using arrayed-waveguide grating and pilot tones," Electron. Lett. 37, 1032-1033 (2001).
  5. T. Niemi, S. Tammela, T. Kajava, M. Kaivola, and H. Ludvigsen, "Temperature-tunable silicon-wafer etalon for frequency chirp measurements," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 20, 190-192 (1999).
  6. J. Tuominen, T. Niemi, and H. Ludvigsen, "Wavelength reference for optical communications based on a temperature-tunable silicon etalon," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 3620-3623 (2003).
  7. M. Söderlund, J. Tuominen, T. Niemi, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Leppihalme, "Device concept for monitoring DWDM channels," in Proceedings of the 29th European Conference on Optical Communication and the 14th International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fibre Communication (ECOC/IOOC ´03) (IEEE, New York, 2003), Vol. 3, pp. 494-495.
  8. A. Pietiläinen, S. Tammela, and M. Söderlund, "Method of detecting pilot tones in a noisy signal," patent WO02/51090 (World Intellectual Property Organization, 27 June 2002).
  9. G. R. Hill, P. J. Chidgey, F. Kaufhold, T. Lynch, O. Sahlen, M. Gustavsson, M. Janson, B. Lagerstrom, G. Grasso, F. Meli, S. Johansson, J. Ingers, L. Fernandez, S. Rotolo, A. Antonielli, S. Tebaldini, E. Vezzoni, W. Caddedu, N. Caponio, F. Testa, A. Scavennec, M. J. O'Mahony, J. Zhou, A. Yu, W. Soh, U. Rust, and H. Hermann, "A transport network layer based on optical network elements," J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 667-679 (1993).
  10. C. Saltzberg and J. Villa, "Infrared refractive indexes of silicon germanium and modified selenium glass," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 244 (1957).
  11. E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers--Principles and Applications (Wiley, New York, 1994).
  12. International Telecommunications Union (ITU), "Recommendation G.692: Transmission media characteristics--characteristics of optical components and sub-systems" (1998),<a href="http://www.itu.int/home/">http://www.itu.int/home/</a>.

ECOC/IOOC ´03

M. Söderlund, J. Tuominen, T. Niemi, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Leppihalme, "Device concept for monitoring DWDM channels," in Proceedings of the 29th European Conference on Optical Communication and the 14th International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fibre Communication (ECOC/IOOC ´03) (IEEE, New York, 2003), Vol. 3, pp. 494-495.

Electron. Lett.

M. Teshima, M. Koga, and K. Sato, "Multiwavelength simultaneous monitoring circuit employing wavelength crossover properties of arrayed-waveguide grating," Electron. Lett. 31, 1595-1597 (1995).

C. J. Youn, S. K. Shin, K. J. Park, and Y. C. Chung, "Optical frequency monitoring technique using arrayed-waveguide grating and pilot tones," Electron. Lett. 37, 1032-1033 (2001).

International Telecommunications Union

International Telecommunications Union (ITU), "Recommendation G.692: Transmission media characteristics--characteristics of optical components and sub-systems" (1998),<a href="http://www.itu.int/home/">http://www.itu.int/home/</a>.

J. Lightwave Technol.

G. R. Hill, P. J. Chidgey, F. Kaufhold, T. Lynch, O. Sahlen, M. Gustavsson, M. Janson, B. Lagerstrom, G. Grasso, F. Meli, S. Johansson, J. Ingers, L. Fernandez, S. Rotolo, A. Antonielli, S. Tebaldini, E. Vezzoni, W. Caddedu, N. Caponio, F. Testa, A. Scavennec, M. J. O'Mahony, J. Zhou, A. Yu, W. Soh, U. Rust, and H. Hermann, "A transport network layer based on optical network elements," J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 667-679 (1993).

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett.

T. Niemi, S. Tammela, T. Kajava, M. Kaivola, and H. Ludvigsen, "Temperature-tunable silicon-wafer etalon for frequency chirp measurements," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 20, 190-192 (1999).

OFC/IOOC 1999

K. J. Park, S. K. Shin, and Y. C. Chung, "A simple monitoring technique for WDM networks," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and the International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (OFC/IOOC '99) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 152-154.

OSA TOPS Series 1998

S. K. Shin, C.-H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, "A novel frequency and power monitoring method for WDM network," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 2 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 168-170 .

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

J. Tuominen, T. Niemi, and H. Ludvigsen, "Wavelength reference for optical communications based on a temperature-tunable silicon etalon," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 3620-3623 (2003).

Other

A. Pietiläinen, S. Tammela, and M. Söderlund, "Method of detecting pilot tones in a noisy signal," patent WO02/51090 (World Intellectual Property Organization, 27 June 2002).

E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers--Principles and Applications (Wiley, New York, 1994).

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