Abstract

<p><a href="http://www.osa-jon.org/features/OPM_2004.html">Feature Issue on Optical Performance Monitoring (OPM)</a></p> Simultaneous monitoring of power, wavelength, and channel number for a tunable laser is demonstrated by use of a combination of an optical isolator, an etalon, a polarizer, and photodiodes. The mode hopping and incomplete-tuning problems that might arise in tuning the laser can be detected with the proposed approach. The spectral response of the monitoring module can be adjusted to match the wavelength-tuning range. The spectral adjustment can be performed by rotating the input polarization or the output polarizer. It can also be tuned by rotating the second stage if a two-stage isolator is used. We demonstrate experimentally the feasibility of this approach by use of discrete fiber-pigtailed components.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (5)

H. Li, S. Zhong, X. Yang, Y. J. Chen, and D. Stone, "Full coverage multichannel wavelength monitoring circuit using centre-offset phased-array waveguide grating," Electron. Lett. 34, 2149-2151 (1998).

D. M. Adams, C. Gamache, R. Finlay, M. Cyr, K. M. Burt, J. Evans, E. Jamroz, S. Wallace, I. Woods, L. Doran, P. Ayliffe, D. Goodchild, and C. Rogers, "Module-packaged tunable laser and wavelength locker delivering 40 mW of fibre-coupled power on 34 channels," Electron. Lett. 37, 691-693 (2001).

H. Ishii, H. Yasaka, H. Tanobe, and Y. Yoshikuni, "Wavelength stabilization of a three-electrode distributed Bragg reflector laser with longitudinal mode control," Electron. Lett. 33, 494-496 (1997).

M. Imaki, S. Yamamoto, M. Sato, Y. Nishimura, K. Masuda, S. Takagi, A. Adachi, J. Yamashita, and Y. Hirano, "Wideband athermal wavelength monitor integrated wavelength temperature-tunable DFB-LD module," Electron. Lett. 37, 1035-1036 (2001).

A. A. Abramov, A. Hale, R. S. Windeler, and T. A. Strasser, "Widely tunable long-period fibre gratings," Electron. Lett. 35, 81-82 (1999).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

T. Coroy, R. M. Measures, T. H. Wood, and C. A. Burrus, "Active wavelength measurement system using an InGaAs-InP quantum-well electroabsorption filtering detector," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1686-1688 (1996).

A. Densmore and P. E. Jessop, "A quantum-well waveguide photodetector for high-precision wavelength monitoring about 1.55 μm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1653-1655 (1999).

K. W. Chang and W. V. Sorin, "Polarization independent isolator using spatial walkoff polarizers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 68-70 (1989).

J. H. Lee, D. K. Jung, C. H. Kim, and Y. C. Chung, "OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 88-90, (2001).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. F. Nelson and R. M. Mikulyak, "Refractive indices of congruently melting lithium niobate," J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3688-3689 (1974).

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

OSA TOPS Series 2003 (4)

W. Chen, S. Zhong, Z. Zhu, W. Chen, and Y. Chen, "Integrated performance monitoring PLC circuit for WDM system," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of 2003 OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), pp. 706-707.

D. Anthon, J. Berger, K. Cheung, A. Fennema, S. Hrinya, H. Lee, and A. Tselikov, "Frequency and mode control of tunable external cavity semiconductor lasers," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of 2003 OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), pp. 74-75.

M. Imaki, Y. Mikami, M. Sato, Y. Nishimura, A. Adachi, and Y. Hirano, "Athermal birefringent solid etalon for 25 GHz-spacing built-in wavelength monitor," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of 2003 OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), pp. 762-763.

J. D. Berger, F. Ilkov, D. King, A. Tselikov, and D. Anthon, "Widely tunable, narrow optical bandpass Gaussian filter using a silicon microactuator," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 86 of 2003 OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), pp. 252-253.

WDM Solutions (1)

J. Sirkis and A. Kersey, "Multi-tiered approach to monitoring measures network performance," WDM Solutions, 75-81, (2001).

Other (6)

"Endless polarization stabilizer--PolaStay™" (General Photonics Corp., Chino, Calif.),<a href="http://www.generalphotonics.com/pdf/PolaStay.pdf">http://www.generalphotonics.com/pdf/PolaStay.pdf</a>.

C. Hentschel, D. M. Baney, J. Vobis, W. V. Sorin, L. Stokes, J. Beller, P. Hernday, C. M. Miller, V. McOmber, and S. W. Hinch, Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, D. Derickson, ed. (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1998), pp. 495-500.

J.-J. Pan and M. Shih, "Optical isolator with low polarization mode dispersion," U.S. patent 5,557,692 (17 September 1996).

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, New York, 1991), pp. 200-203.

J.-J. Pan, "Optical isolator," U.S. patent 5,317,655 (31 May 1994).

S. Huard, Polarization of Light (Wiley, New York, 1997), pp. 216-222.

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