Abstract

Feature Issue on Optical Interconnection Networks (OIN). We describe hybrid optical-electrical systems that perform header processing and buffering of ultrafast, asynchronous optical packets. Our systems are enabled by three key, novel devices: an all-optical serial-to-parallel converter, an optical clock-pulse generator, and a photonic parallel-to-serial-converter. These devices allow utilization of complementary metal-oxide semiconductor technology for compact, highly functional optical packet processing. A simplified node architecture for asynchronous, optical- packet-switched networks is made possible by these systems with all the necessary node functions integrated compactly. We also demonstrate an optical label swapper and a photonic random access memory for 40-Gbit/s, 16-bit, asynchronous optical packets.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. K-I. Sato, N. Yamanaka, Y. Takigawa, M. Koga, S. Okamoto, K. Shiomoto, E. Oki, and W. Imajuku, "GMPLS-based photonic multilayer router (Hikari router) architecture: An overview of traffic engineering and signaling technology," IEEE Commun. Mag., 40, 96-101 (2002).
  2. A. Banerjee, J. Drake, J. P. Lang, and B. Turner, "Generalized multiprotocol label switching: an overview of routing and management enhancements," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 144-150 (2001).
  3. M. Koga, T. Morioka, and Y. Miyamoto, "Next generation optical communication technologies for realizing bandwidth networking capability," Opt. Rev. 11, 87-97 (2004).
  4. K. Kitayama and M. Murata, "Versatile optical code-based MPLS for circuit, burst, and packet switching," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2753-2764 (2003).
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  6. S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, and S. Dixit, "Advances in photonic packet switching: an overview," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 84-94 (2000).
  7. G. I. Papadimitriou, C. Papazoglou, and A. S. Pomportsis, "Optical switching: switch fabrics, techniques, and architecture," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 384-405 (2003).
  8. T. Sakamoto, A. Okada, M. Hirayama, Y. Sakai, O. Moriwaki, I. Ogawa, R. Sato, K. Noguchi, and M. Matsuoka, "Optical packet synchronizer using wavelength and space switching," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1360-1362 (2002).
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  11. T. Yasui, R. Takahashi, and H. Suzuki, "Ultrafast all-optical pattern matching using differential spin excitation," European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC2003) (IEEE, New York, 2003), Vol. 4, pp. 994-995.
  12. O. Moriwaki, T. Sakamoto, A. Okada, and M. Matsuoka, "Demonstration of optical label processing with timing pulse generator," Electron. Lett. 39, 730-731 (2003).
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  14. K-H. Park and T. Mizumoto, "A packet header recognition assigning the position of a signal in the time axis and its application to all-optical self-routing," J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1076-1084 (2001).
  15. H. Uenohara, T. Seki, and K. Kobayashi, "High-speed optical packet switch with an optical digital-to-analog conversion-type header processor," Opt. Rev. 11, 113-118 (2004).
  16. H. Furukawa, T. Konishi, Y. Oshita, W. Yu, K. Itoh, and Y. Ichioka, "Design of header recognition filter for binary phase shift keying in header recognition unit using time-space conversion," Opt. Rev. 11, 119-125 (2004).
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  19. T. Nakahara, R. Takahashi, H. Takenouchi, K. Takahata, and H. Suzuki, "Time-domain 16-bit label swapping and self-routing of 40-Gbit/s optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2153-2155 (2002).
  20. T. Nakahara, R. Takahashi, H. Takenouchi, and H. Suzuki, "Optical single-clock-pulse generator using a photoconductive sample-and-hold circuit for processing ultrafast asynchronous optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1623-1625 (2002).
  21. R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, T. Yasui, and H. Suzuki, "Ultrafast all-optical serial-to-parallel conversion and its application to optical label processing," Opt. Rev. 11, 98-105 (2004).
  22. R. Takahashi and H. Suzuki, "1-Tb∕s, 16-b all-optical serial-to-parallel conversion using a surface-reflection optical switch," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 287-289 (2003).
  23. K. Takahata, H. Takenouchi, T. Nakahara, R. Takahashi, and H. Suzuki, "Electrical parallel-to-serial converter using MSM-PDs for optical communication networks," in Photonic Integrated Systems, L. A. Eldada, A. R. Pirich, P. L. Repak, R. T. Chen, and J. C. Chon, eds., Proc. SPIE 4998, 76-84 (2003).
  24. D. K. Hunter, M. C. Chia, and I. Andnovic, "Buffering in optical packet switches," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2081-2094 (1998).
  25. T. Sakamoto, A. Okada, O. Moriwaki, M. Matsuoka, and K. Kikuchi, "Performance analysis of variable optical delay circuit using highly nonlinear fiber parametric wavelength converters," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 874-881 (2004).
  26. M. Baresi, S. Bregni, A. Pattavina, and G. Vegetti, "Deflection routing effectiveness in full-optical IP packet switching networks," IEEE International Conference on Communications, Vol. 2 (IEEE, 2003), pp. 1360-1364.
  27. S. Rangarajan, Z. Hu, L. Rau, and D. J. Blumenthal, "All-optical contention resolution with wavelength conversion for asynchronous variable-length 40-Gb/s optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 689-691 (2004).
  28. R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, K. Takahata, H. Takenouchi, T. Yasui, N. Kondo, and H. Suzuki, "Photonic random access memory for 40-Gb/s 16-b burst optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1185-1187 (2004).
  29. K. Seppanen, "Shared OTDM packet compressor and decompressor," Electron. Lett. 36, 2090-2092 (2000).
  30. H. Toda, F. Nakada, M. Suzuki, and A. Hasegawa, "An optical packet compressor based on a fiber delay loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 708-710 (2000).
  31. R. Takahashi, "Low-temperature-grown surface-reflection all-optical switch (LOTOS)," Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 999-1017 (2001).
  32. R. Takahashi, T. Yasui, N. Kondo, and H. Suzuki, "100-Gb/s 16-bit polarization-insensitive optical serial/parallel converter using differential spin excitation," European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC2004), (IEEE, New York, 2004), Vol. 1, pp. 48-49.
  33. M. C. Cardakli and A. E. Willner, "Synchronization of a network element for optical packet switching using optical correlators and wavelength shifting," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1375-1377 (2002).
  34. K. Vlachos, N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, G. Theophilopoulos, and H. Avramopoulos, "Ultrafast time-domain technology and its application in all-optical signal processing," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1857-1868 (2003).
  35. K. Takahata, R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, and H. Suzuki, "Ultrashort electrical pulse generation using a normal MSM-PD," IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics Europe 2003, CJ3-2 (IEEE, 2003).
  36. T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, R. Takahashi, K. Takahata, and H. Suzuki, "32-bit label swapping of 40-Gbit/s burst optical packets with intensity tracking of input label," European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC2004), (IEEE, New York, 2004), Vol. 4, pp. 938-939.
  37. H. Tackenouchi, K. Takahata, T. Nakahara, R. Takahashi, and H. Suzuki, "40-Gbit/s 32-bit optical packet compressor/decompressor based on an optoelectronic memory," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1751-1753 (2002).
  38. K. Takahata, R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, and H. Suzuki, "Photonic packet router for 40-Gbit/s 16-bit burst optical packets," Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC2004), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, TuQ-3 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 2004).

CLEO 2003 (1)

K. Takahata, R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, and H. Suzuki, "Ultrashort electrical pulse generation using a normal MSM-PD," IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics Europe 2003, CJ3-2 (IEEE, 2003).

ECOC 2004 (1)

R. Takahashi, T. Yasui, N. Kondo, and H. Suzuki, "100-Gb/s 16-bit polarization-insensitive optical serial/parallel converter using differential spin excitation," European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC2004), (IEEE, New York, 2004), Vol. 1, pp. 48-49.

ECOC2003 (1)

T. Yasui, R. Takahashi, and H. Suzuki, "Ultrafast all-optical pattern matching using differential spin excitation," European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC2003) (IEEE, New York, 2003), Vol. 4, pp. 994-995.

ECOC2004 (1)

T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, R. Takahashi, K. Takahata, and H. Suzuki, "32-bit label swapping of 40-Gbit/s burst optical packets with intensity tracking of input label," European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC2004), (IEEE, New York, 2004), Vol. 4, pp. 938-939.

Electron. Lett. (2)

K. Seppanen, "Shared OTDM packet compressor and decompressor," Electron. Lett. 36, 2090-2092 (2000).

O. Moriwaki, T. Sakamoto, A. Okada, and M. Matsuoka, "Demonstration of optical label processing with timing pulse generator," Electron. Lett. 39, 730-731 (2003).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (5)

K-I. Sato, N. Yamanaka, Y. Takigawa, M. Koga, S. Okamoto, K. Shiomoto, E. Oki, and W. Imajuku, "GMPLS-based photonic multilayer router (Hikari router) architecture: An overview of traffic engineering and signaling technology," IEEE Commun. Mag., 40, 96-101 (2002).

A. Banerjee, J. Drake, J. P. Lang, and B. Turner, "Generalized multiprotocol label switching: an overview of routing and management enhancements," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 144-150 (2001).

D. J. Blumenthal, J. E. Bowers, L. Rau, H.-F. Chou, S. Rangarajan, W. Wang, and H. N. Poulsen, "Optical signal processing for optical packet switching networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, S23-S29 (2003).

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, and S. Dixit, "Advances in photonic packet switching: an overview," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 84-94 (2000).

A. E. Willner, D. Gurkan, A. B. Sahin, J. E. McGeehan, and M. C. Hauer, "All-optical address recognition for optically-assisted routing in next-generation optical networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 38-44 (2003).

IEEE International Conf. Commun. 2003 (1)

M. Baresi, S. Bregni, A. Pattavina, and G. Vegetti, "Deflection routing effectiveness in full-optical IP packet switching networks," IEEE International Conference on Communications, Vol. 2 (IEEE, 2003), pp. 1360-1364.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (9)

S. Rangarajan, Z. Hu, L. Rau, and D. J. Blumenthal, "All-optical contention resolution with wavelength conversion for asynchronous variable-length 40-Gb/s optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 689-691 (2004).

R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, K. Takahata, H. Takenouchi, T. Yasui, N. Kondo, and H. Suzuki, "Photonic random access memory for 40-Gb/s 16-b burst optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1185-1187 (2004).

H. Toda, F. Nakada, M. Suzuki, and A. Hasegawa, "An optical packet compressor based on a fiber delay loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 708-710 (2000).

R. Takahashi and H. Suzuki, "1-Tb∕s, 16-b all-optical serial-to-parallel conversion using a surface-reflection optical switch," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 287-289 (2003).

H. Tackenouchi, K. Takahata, T. Nakahara, R. Takahashi, and H. Suzuki, "40-Gbit/s 32-bit optical packet compressor/decompressor based on an optoelectronic memory," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1751-1753 (2002).

M. C. Cardakli and A. E. Willner, "Synchronization of a network element for optical packet switching using optical correlators and wavelength shifting," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1375-1377 (2002).

T. Sakamoto, A. Okada, M. Hirayama, Y. Sakai, O. Moriwaki, I. Ogawa, R. Sato, K. Noguchi, and M. Matsuoka, "Optical packet synchronizer using wavelength and space switching," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1360-1362 (2002).

T. Nakahara, R. Takahashi, H. Takenouchi, K. Takahata, and H. Suzuki, "Time-domain 16-bit label swapping and self-routing of 40-Gbit/s optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2153-2155 (2002).

T. Nakahara, R. Takahashi, H. Takenouchi, and H. Suzuki, "Optical single-clock-pulse generator using a photoconductive sample-and-hold circuit for processing ultrafast asynchronous optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1623-1625 (2002).

J. Lightwave Technol. (8)

K-H. Park and T. Mizumoto, "A packet header recognition assigning the position of a signal in the time axis and its application to all-optical self-routing," J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1076-1084 (2001).

K. Kitayama and M. Murata, "Versatile optical code-based MPLS for circuit, burst, and packet switching," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2753-2764 (2003).

A. Takada and J. H. Park, "Architecture of ultrafast optical packet switching ring network," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 2306-2315 (2002).

G. I. Papadimitriou, C. Papazoglou, and A. S. Pomportsis, "Optical switching: switch fabrics, techniques, and architecture," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 384-405 (2003).

K. Vlachos, N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, G. Theophilopoulos, and H. Avramopoulos, "Ultrafast time-domain technology and its application in all-optical signal processing," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1857-1868 (2003).

J. E. McGeehan, S. Kumar, D. Gurkan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, A. E. Willner, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, J. Bannister, and J. D. Touch, "All-optical decrementing of packet's time-to-live (TTL) field and subsequent dropping of a zero-TTL packet," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2746-2752 (2003).

D. K. Hunter, M. C. Chia, and I. Andnovic, "Buffering in optical packet switches," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2081-2094 (1998).

T. Sakamoto, A. Okada, O. Moriwaki, M. Matsuoka, and K. Kikuchi, "Performance analysis of variable optical delay circuit using highly nonlinear fiber parametric wavelength converters," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 874-881 (2004).

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Takahashi, "Low-temperature-grown surface-reflection all-optical switch (LOTOS)," Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 999-1017 (2001).

Opt. Rev. (5)

M. Koga, T. Morioka, and Y. Miyamoto, "Next generation optical communication technologies for realizing bandwidth networking capability," Opt. Rev. 11, 87-97 (2004).

H. Uenohara, T. Seki, and K. Kobayashi, "High-speed optical packet switch with an optical digital-to-analog conversion-type header processor," Opt. Rev. 11, 113-118 (2004).

H. Furukawa, T. Konishi, Y. Oshita, W. Yu, K. Itoh, and Y. Ichioka, "Design of header recognition filter for binary phase shift keying in header recognition unit using time-space conversion," Opt. Rev. 11, 119-125 (2004).

N. Kawakami, K. Shimizu, N. Wada, F. Kubota, and K. Kodate, "All-optical holographic label processing for photonic packet switching," Opt. Rev. 11, 126-131 (2004).

R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, T. Yasui, and H. Suzuki, "Ultrafast all-optical serial-to-parallel conversion and its application to optical label processing," Opt. Rev. 11, 98-105 (2004).

OSA TOPS Series 2002 (1)

K. Chan, F. Tong, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and W. Hung, "An all-optical packet header recognition scheme for self-routing packet networks," Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 70 of 2002 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 2002), pp. 284-285.

OSA TOPS Series 2004 (1)

K. Takahata, R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, and H. Suzuki, "Photonic packet router for 40-Gbit/s 16-bit burst optical packets," Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC2004), Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, TuQ-3 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 2004).

Proc. SPIE (1)

K. Takahata, H. Takenouchi, T. Nakahara, R. Takahashi, and H. Suzuki, "Electrical parallel-to-serial converter using MSM-PDs for optical communication networks," in Photonic Integrated Systems, L. A. Eldada, A. R. Pirich, P. L. Repak, R. T. Chen, and J. C. Chon, eds., Proc. SPIE 4998, 76-84 (2003).

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