Abstract

<p><a href="http://www.osa-jon.org/features/OIN_2004.html">Feature Issue on Optical Interconnection Networks (OIN)</a></p> In the design of an optical-packet-switching network, several policy decisions must be made and network parameters must be dimensioned. These decisions determine the network operation and performance. We present an overview of the design alternatives for optical-packet-interconnection network architectures. The issues that are discussed include contention resolution schemes, header processing, and quality-of-service support. The design of metropolitan-area packet-switched networks is also presented in a separate section.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. I. Papadimitriou, P. Tsimoulas, M. S. Obaidat, and A. S. Pomportsis, Multiwavelength Optical LANs (Wiley, New York, 2003).
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  3. J. S. Turner, "Terabit burst switching," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 3-16 (1999).
  4. K.-I. Sato, N. Yamanaka, Y. Takigawa, M. Koga, S. Okamoto, K. Shiomoto, E. Oki, and W. Imajuku, "GMPLS-based photonic multilayer router (Hikari router) architecture: an overview of traffic engineering and signaling technology," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(3), 96-101 (2002).
  5. A. Banerjee, J. Drake, J. P. Lang, B. Turner, K. Kompella, and Y. Rekhter, "Generalized multiprotocol label switching: an overview of routing and management enhancements," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(1), 144-150 (2001).
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  7. G. I. Papadimitriou, C. Papazoglou, and A. S. Pomportsis, "Optical switching: switch fabrics, techniques, and architectures," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 384-405 (2003).
  8. S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, and S. Dixit, "Advances in photonic packet switching: an overview," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(2), 84-94 (2000).
  9. S. Yao, S. J. B. Yoo, B. Mukherjee, and S. Dixit , "All-optical packet switching for metropolitan area networks: opportunities and challenge," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(3), 142-148 (2001).
  10. T. S. El-Bawab and J. Shin, "Optical packet switching in core networks: between vision and reality," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(9), 60-65 (2002).
  11. L. Xu, H. G. Perros, and G. Rouskas, "Techniques for optical packet switching and optical burst switching," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(1), 136-142 (2001).
  12. S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, S. J. Ben Yoo, and S. Dixit, "A unified study of contention-resolution schemes in optical packet-switches networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 672-683 (2003).
  13. D. K. Hunter, M. H. M. Nizam, K. M. Guild, J. D. Bainbridge, M. C. Chia, A. Tzanakaki, M. F. C. Stephens, R. V. Penty, M. J. O'Mahony, I. Andonovic, and I. H. White, "WASPNET--a wavelength switched packet network," IEEE Commun. Mag. 37(3), 120-129 (1999).
  14. Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, N. Calabretta, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "All-optical buffering in all-optical packet switched cross-connects," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 849-851 (2002).
  15. H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, and G. D. Khoe, "Optical packet switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methods," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2-12 (2003).
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  19. Q. Yang and K. Bergman, "Traffic control and WDM routing in the data vortex packet switch," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 236-238 (2002).
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  25. V. Eramo, M. Listanti, and P. Pacifici, "A comparison study on the number of converters needed in synchronous and asynchronous all-optical switching architectures," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 340-355 (2003).
  26. V. Eramo and M. Listanti, "Packet loss in a bufferless optical WDM switch employing shared tunable wavelength converters," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1818-1833 (2000).
  27. G. Shen, S. K. Bose, T. H. Cheng, C. Lu, and T. Y. Chai, "Performance study on a WDM packet switch with limited-range wavelength converters," IEEE Commun. Lett. 5, 432-434 (2001).
  28. M. Herzog, M. Maier and M. Reisslein, "Metropolitan area packet-switched WDM networks: a survey on ring systems," IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials 6, 2-20 (2004).
  29. M. Maier, M. Reisslein and Adam Wolisz, "Towards efficient packet switching metro WDM Networks," Opt. Netw. Mag. 3, 44-62 (2002).
  30. T. Afferton, R. Doverspike, C. Kalmanek, and K. K. Ramakrishnan, "Packet aware transport for metro networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(3), 120-127 (2004).
  31. A. Carena, V. De Feo, J. M. Finochietto, R. Gaudino, F. Neri, C. Piglione, and P. Poggiolini, "RingO: an experimental WDM optical packet network for metro applications," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1561-1571 (2004).
  32. M. R. Salvador, S. H. de Groot, and D. Dey, "An all-optical WDM packet-switched network architecture with support for group communication," in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Networking, P. Lorenz, ed. (Springer, New York, 2001), pp. 326-335.
  33. M. Scheutzow, M. Maier, M. Reisslein, and A. Wolisz, "Wavelength reuse for efficient packet-switched transport in an AWG-based metro WDM network," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1435-1455 (2003).
  34. A. Jourdan, D. Chiaroni, E. Dotaro, G. J. Eilenberger, F. Masetti, and M. Renaud, "The perspective of optical packet switching in IP-dominant backbone and metropolitan networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(3), 136-141 (2001).
  35. A. Stavdas, S. Sygletos, M. O'Mahoney, H. L. Lee, C. Matrakidis, and A. Dupas, "IST-DAVID: concept presentation and physical layer modeling of the metropolitan area network," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 372-383 (2003).
  36. L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Solé-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, Lars Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, "The European IST Project DAVID: a viable approach toward optical packet switching," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
  37. A. Bianco, J. M. Finochietto, G. Galante, F. Neri and V. Sarra, "Scheduling variable-size packets in the DAVID metropolitan area network," in IEEE International Conference on Communications, Vol. 3, pp. 1750-1754.
  38. K. V. Shrikhande, I. M. White, D. Wonglumsom, S. M. Gemelos, M. S. Rogge, Y. Fukashiro, M. Avenarius, and L. G. Kazovsky, "HORNET: a packet-over-WDM multiple access metropolitan area ring network," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 2004-2016 (2000).
  39. D. Wonglumsom, I. M. White, K. Shrikhande, M. S. Rogge, S. M. Gemelos, F. An, Y. Fukashiro, M. Avenarius, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Experimental demonstration of an access point for HORNET--a packet-over-WDM multiple-access MAN," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1709-1717 (2000).
  40. I. M. White, M. S. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, and L. G. Kazovsky, "A summary of the HORNET project: a next-generation metropolitan area network," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1478-1494 (2003).
  41. A. Carena, V. Ferrero, R. Gaudino, V. De Feo, F. Neri, and P. Poggiolini, "Ringo: a demonstrator of WDM optical packet network on a ring topology," in Proceedings of the IFIP Conference on Optical Network Design and Modeling, A. Bianco and F. Neri, eds. (Kluwer, 2003), pp. 183-197.

Business Briefing: Global Optical Commun (1)

F. Callegati, C. Raffaelli, and W. Cerroni "Congestion resolution in the wavelength and time domain," in Business Briefing: Global Optical Communications (Touch Briefings, London, UK, 2002).

IEEE Commun. Lett. (1)

G. Shen, S. K. Bose, T. H. Cheng, C. Lu, and T. Y. Chai, "Performance study on a WDM packet switch with limited-range wavelength converters," IEEE Commun. Lett. 5, 432-434 (2001).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (10)

M. J. O' Mahony, D. Simeonidou, D. K. Hunter, and A. Tzanakaki, "The application of optical packet switching in future communication networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(3), 128-135 (2001).

T. Afferton, R. Doverspike, C. Kalmanek, and K. K. Ramakrishnan, "Packet aware transport for metro networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(3), 120-127 (2004).

A. Jourdan, D. Chiaroni, E. Dotaro, G. J. Eilenberger, F. Masetti, and M. Renaud, "The perspective of optical packet switching in IP-dominant backbone and metropolitan networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(3), 136-141 (2001).

K.-I. Sato, N. Yamanaka, Y. Takigawa, M. Koga, S. Okamoto, K. Shiomoto, E. Oki, and W. Imajuku, "GMPLS-based photonic multilayer router (Hikari router) architecture: an overview of traffic engineering and signaling technology," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(3), 96-101 (2002).

A. Banerjee, J. Drake, J. P. Lang, B. Turner, K. Kompella, and Y. Rekhter, "Generalized multiprotocol label switching: an overview of routing and management enhancements," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(1), 144-150 (2001).

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, and S. Dixit, "Advances in photonic packet switching: an overview," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(2), 84-94 (2000).

S. Yao, S. J. B. Yoo, B. Mukherjee, and S. Dixit , "All-optical packet switching for metropolitan area networks: opportunities and challenge," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(3), 142-148 (2001).

T. S. El-Bawab and J. Shin, "Optical packet switching in core networks: between vision and reality," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(9), 60-65 (2002).

L. Xu, H. G. Perros, and G. Rouskas, "Techniques for optical packet switching and optical burst switching," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39(1), 136-142 (2001).

D. K. Hunter, M. H. M. Nizam, K. M. Guild, J. D. Bainbridge, M. C. Chia, A. Tzanakaki, M. F. C. Stephens, R. V. Penty, M. J. O'Mahony, I. Andonovic, and I. H. White, "WASPNET--a wavelength switched packet network," IEEE Commun. Mag. 37(3), 120-129 (1999).

IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials (1)

M. Herzog, M. Maier and M. Reisslein, "Metropolitan area packet-switched WDM networks: a survey on ring systems," IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials 6, 2-20 (2004).

IEEE International Conf. on Networking (1)

M. R. Salvador, S. H. de Groot, and D. Dey, "An all-optical WDM packet-switched network architecture with support for group communication," in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Networking, P. Lorenz, ed. (Springer, New York, 2001), pp. 326-335.

IEEE International ConfCommun. (1)

A. Bianco, J. M. Finochietto, G. Galante, F. Neri and V. Sarra, "Scheduling variable-size packets in the DAVID metropolitan area network," in IEEE International Conference on Communications, Vol. 3, pp. 1750-1754.

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (5)

K. V. Shrikhande, I. M. White, D. Wonglumsom, S. M. Gemelos, M. S. Rogge, Y. Fukashiro, M. Avenarius, and L. G. Kazovsky, "HORNET: a packet-over-WDM multiple access metropolitan area ring network," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 2004-2016 (2000).

A. Carena, V. De Feo, J. M. Finochietto, R. Gaudino, F. Neri, C. Piglione, and P. Poggiolini, "RingO: an experimental WDM optical packet network for metro applications," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1561-1571 (2004).

F. Callegati, G. Corazza, and C. Raffaelli, "Exploitation of DWDM for optical packet switching with quality of Service Guarantees," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 190-201 (2002).

I. M. White, M. S. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, and L. G. Kazovsky, "A summary of the HORNET project: a next-generation metropolitan area network," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1478-1494 (2003).

L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Solé-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, Lars Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Eilenberger, "The European IST Project DAVID: a viable approach toward optical packet switching," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, N. Calabretta, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "All-optical buffering in all-optical packet switched cross-connects," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 849-851 (2002).

Q. Yang and K. Bergman, "Traffic control and WDM routing in the data vortex packet switch," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 236-238 (2002).

S. L. Danielsen, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, "Optical packet switched network layer without optical buffers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 896-898 (1998).

IFIP Optical Network Design and Modeling (1)

A. Carena, V. Ferrero, R. Gaudino, V. De Feo, F. Neri, and P. Poggiolini, "Ringo: a demonstrator of WDM optical packet network on a ring topology," in Proceedings of the IFIP Conference on Optical Network Design and Modeling, A. Bianco and F. Neri, eds. (Kluwer, 2003), pp. 183-197.

J. High Speed Netw. (2)

C. Qiao and M. Yoo, "Optical burst switching--a new paradigm for an optical internet," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).

J. S. Turner, "Terabit burst switching," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 3-16 (1999).

J. Lightwave Technol. (12)

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, S. J. Ben Yoo, and S. Dixit, "A unified study of contention-resolution schemes in optical packet-switches networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 672-683 (2003).

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, and G. D. Khoe, "Optical packet switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methods," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2-12 (2003).

D. J. Blumenthal, B. E. Olsson, G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, L. Rau, M. Masanovic, O. Lavrova, R. Doshi, O. Jerphagnon, J. E. Bowers, V. Kaman, L. A. Coldren, and J. Barton, "All-optical label swapping networks and technologies," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 2058-2075 (2000).

X. C. Yuan, V. O. K. Li, C. Y. Li, and P. K. A. Wai, "A novel self-routing address scheme for all-optical packet-switched networks with arbitrary topologies," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 329-339 (2003).

Q. Yang, K. Bergman, G. D. Hughes, and F. G. Johnson, "WDM packet routing for high-capacity data networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1420-1426 (2001).

D. K. Hunter, W. D. Cornwell, T. H. Gilfedder, A. Franzen, and I. Andonovic, "SLOB: a switch with large optical buffers for packet switching," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1725-1736 (1998).

G. I. Papadimitriou, C. Papazoglou, and A. S. Pomportsis, "Optical switching: switch fabrics, techniques, and architectures," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 384-405 (2003).

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, and P. Pacifici, "A comparison study on the number of converters needed in synchronous and asynchronous all-optical switching architectures," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 340-355 (2003).

V. Eramo and M. Listanti, "Packet loss in a bufferless optical WDM switch employing shared tunable wavelength converters," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1818-1833 (2000).

M. Scheutzow, M. Maier, M. Reisslein, and A. Wolisz, "Wavelength reuse for efficient packet-switched transport in an AWG-based metro WDM network," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1435-1455 (2003).

D. Wonglumsom, I. M. White, K. Shrikhande, M. S. Rogge, S. M. Gemelos, F. An, Y. Fukashiro, M. Avenarius, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Experimental demonstration of an access point for HORNET--a packet-over-WDM multiple-access MAN," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1709-1717 (2000).

A. Stavdas, S. Sygletos, M. O'Mahoney, H. L. Lee, C. Matrakidis, and A. Dupas, "IST-DAVID: concept presentation and physical layer modeling of the metropolitan area network," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 372-383 (2003).

Opt. Netw. Mag. (1)

M. Maier, M. Reisslein and Adam Wolisz, "Towards efficient packet switching metro WDM Networks," Opt. Netw. Mag. 3, 44-62 (2002).

Optical WDM Networks: Past Lessons and P (1)

G. Rouskas and L. Xu, "Optical packet switching," in Optical WDM Networks: Past Lessons and Path Ahead, K. Sivalingam and S. Subramaniam, eds. (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2004).

Other (1)

G. I. Papadimitriou, P. Tsimoulas, M. S. Obaidat, and A. S. Pomportsis, Multiwavelength Optical LANs (Wiley, New York, 2003).

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