B. Blau and K. Loesch, "The scalability of photonic
switches," Comput. Rendus Phys. 4, 75-83 (2003).
A. Banerjee, L. Drake, L. Lang, B. Turner, D.
Awduche, L. Berger, K. Kompella, and Y. Rekhter, "Generalized multiprotocol
label switching: an overview of signaling enhancements and recovery
techniques," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 144-151 (2001).
A. Neukermans and R. Ramaswami, "MEMS technology
for optical networking applications," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 62-69
X. H. Ma and G. S. Kuo, "Optical switching
technology comparison: optical MEMS vs. other technologies," IEEE Commun.
Mag. 41, S16-S23 (2003).
P. De Dobbelaere, K. Falta, and S. Globeckner,
"Advances in integrated 2D MEMS-based solutions for optical network
applications," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, S16-S23, (2003).
R. A. Spanke, "Architectures for guided-wave
optical space switching systems," IEEE Commun. Mag. 25, 42-48
C. Y. Li, G. M. Li, V. O. K. Li, P. K. A. Wai, H.
Xie, and X. C. Yuan, "Using 2×2 switching modules to build large 2-D MEMS
optical switches," in Proceedings of IEEE Global Telecommunications
Conference (IEEE, New York, 2003), pp. 2789-2802.
S. P. Han, J. T. Kim, S. W. Jung, S. H. Ahn, C. G.
Choi, and M. Y. Jeong, "A reflective curved mirror with low coupling loss
for optical interconnection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 185-187
J. M. Simmons, A. A. M. Saleh, E. L. Goldstein, and
L. Y. Lin, "Optical crossconnects of reduced complexity for WDM networks
with bidirectional symmetry," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 819-921
L. Y. Lin, E. L. Goldstein, J. M. Simmons, and R.
W. Tkach, "High-density micromachined Polygon optical crossconnects
exploiting network connect-symmetry," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10,
C. Qiao and M. Yoo, "Optical burst switching
(OBS)--a new paradigm for an optical Internet," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84
G. X. ShenT. H. Cheng, S. K. Bose, L. Chao, and Y.
C. Teck "Architectural design for multistage 2-D MEMS optical switches," J.
Lightwave Technol. 20, 178-187 (2002).
T. Y. Chai, T. H. Cheng, S. K. Bose, C. Lu, and G.
X. Shen, "Array interconnection for rearrangeable 2-D MEMS optical switch,"
J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1134-1140 (2003).
L.Y. Lin, E.L. Goldstein, and R.W. Tkach, "On the
expandability of free-space micromachined optical cross connects," J.
Lightwave Technol. 18, 482-489 (2000).
N. Lindlein, "Simulation of micro-optical systems
including microlens arrays," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 4, S1-S9
L. Y. Lin and E. L. Goldstein, "Opportunities and
challenges for MEMS in lightwave communications," J. Sel. Top. Quantum
Electron. 8, 163-172 (2002).
T. W. Yeow, K. L. E. Law, and A. A. Goldenberg,
"SOI-based 2-D MEMS L-switching matrix for optical networking," J. Sel. Top.
Quantum Electron. 9, 603-613 (2003).
G .X. Shen, T. H. Cheng, C. Lu, T. Y. Chai, and S.
K. Bose, "A novel rearrangeable non-blocking architecture for 2D MEMS
optical space switches," Opt. Netw. Mag. 3, 70-78 (2002).
R. Ryf, D. T. Neilson, and C. R. Giles, "Scalable
micro mechanical optical crossconnects," in Micro- and Nano-optics for
Optical Interconnection and Information Processing, M. R. Taghizadeh and H.
Thienpont, eds., Proc. SPIE 4455, 51-58 (2001).
D. Dragoman and M. Dragoman,
"Micro/nano-optoelectromechanical systems," Prog. Quantum Electron. 29,
S. Gloeckner, A. Husain, and L. Fan,
"Optomechanical matrix switches including collimator arrays," WIPO patent
0073842 (7 December 2000).
V.E. Beneš, Mathematical Theory of Connecting
Networks and Telephone Traffic (Academic, New York, 1965).
B. E. A. Saleh and M.C. Teich, Fundamentals of
Photonics (Wiley New York, 1991).