Y. Xu, P. N. Lamy, E. L. Varma, and R. Nagarajan “Generalized MPLS-based distributed control architecture for automatically switched transport networks,” Bell-Labs Tech. J. (January–June 2001), pp. 13–32.</
G. Swallow, “MPLS advantages for traffic engineering,” IEEE Commun. Mag. (December 1999), pp. 54–57.
D. Awduche and Y. Rekhter, “Multiprotocol lambda switching: combining MPLS traffic engineering control with optical crossconnects,” IEEE Commun. Mag. (March 2001), pp. 111–116.
A. Bannerjee, J. Drake, J.P. Lang, B. Turner, D. Awduche, L. Berger, K. Kompella, and Y. Rekhter, "Generalized multi protocol label switching: an overview of signaling enhancements and recovery techniques,' IEEE Commun. Mag. (July 2001), pp. 144–151.
A. Banerjee, J. Drake, J. P. Lang, B. Turner, K. Kompella, and Y. Rekhter, “Generalized multi protocol label switching: an overview of routing and management enhancements,” IEEE Commun. Mag. (January 2001), pp. 144–150.
G. Bernstein, J. Yates, and D. Saha “IP-centric control and management of optical transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. (October 2000), pp. 161–167.
G. Bernstein, E. Mannie, and V. Sharma, “Framework for MPLS-based control of optical SDH/SONET networks,” IEEE Netw. (July/August 2001), pp. 20–26.
L. Berger, ed., “Generalized MPLS—signaling functional description,” Work in Progress, draft-ietf-mpls-generalized-signaling-09.txt (Internet Engineering Task Force, August 2002), <a href="http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-ietf-mpls-generalized-signaling-09.txt">http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-ietf-mpls-generalized-signaling-09.txt</a>.
L. Berger, ed., “Generalized MPLS Signaling—RSVP-TE Extensions,” Work in Progress, draft-ietf-mpls-generalized-rsvp-te-09.txt (Internet Engineering Task Force, September 2002), <a href="http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-ietf-mpls-generalized-rsvp-te-09.txt">http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-ietf-mpls-generalized-rsvp-te-09.txt</a>.
J. Duffy, “Intelligent services make MANs hot,” Network World (8 May 2000), <a href="http://www.nwfusion.com/news/20++00/0508infra1.html">http://www.nwfusion.com/news/2000/0508infra1.html</a> .
K. Kompella and Y. Rekhter, eds., “OSPF extensions in support of generalized MPLS,” Work in Progress, draft-ietf-ospf-gmpls-extensions-09.txt (Internet Engineering Task Force, December 2002), <a href="http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-ietf-mpls-generalized-rsvp-te-09.txt">http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-ietf-ccamp-ospf-gmpls-extensions-09.txt</a> .
Nonpreemptible unprotected traffic, a feature commonly offered in more expensive and more complex 2F and 4F BLSR systems.
P. Pan, D. H. Gan, G. Swallow, J. P. Vasseur, D. Cooper, A. Atlas, and M. Jork, “Fast reroute extensions to RSVP-TE for LSP tunnels”, Work in Progress, draft-ietf-mpls-rsvp-lsp-fastreroute-01.txt (Internet Engineering Task Force, November 2002), <a href="http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-ietf-mpls-rsvp-lsp-fastreroute-01.txt">http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-ietf-mpls-rsvp-lsp-fastreroute-01.txt</a> .
We define a focal node on a UPSR ring to be a node that either originates or terminates a TDM LSP (or TDM channel/circuit) or one that sits at the intersection of two or more UPSR rings.
GR-1400-CORE, “SONET dual-fed unidirectional path switched ring (UPSR) equipment generic criteria,” Issue 2 (Bellcore, January 1999), <a href="http://www.telcordia.com/">http://www.telcordia.com/</a>.
GR-1230-CORE, “SONET bi-directional line switched ring (BLSR) equipment generic criteria,” Issue 4 (Bellcore, December 1998), <a href="http://www.telcordia.com/">http://www.telcordia.com</a>.