Abstract

A mesh network can be introduced to increase the reliability of a free-space optical (FSO) communication system. We propose a simple method of evaluating the effectiveness of the mesh network to weather-related attenuation whose durations may range from seconds to minutes and of experimentally evaluating its effectiveness with the system installed in the Tokyo metropolitan area. This analysis shows that device installation heights need consideration and that the aggregated availability of FSO communication links on a node is improved by implementing a mesh network, owing to the route diversity provided by the mesh network system.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Morita and F. Yoshida, “Light wave attenuation propagation through the atmosphere,” Rev. Electr. Commun. Lab. 18, 1165–1185 (1969).
  2. H. Yamashita, K. Kimura, K.Wakamori, T. Hayashi, and T. Kurono, “Influence on optical wireless LAN by the weather and communication distance,” in Proceedings of the Institute of Information and Television Engineers (The Institute of Information and Television Engineers, Osaka, Japan, 1998), pp. 55–56.
  3. K. Kumekawa, A. Kokubo, K. Sato, R. Kawashima, K. Yamada, and H. Hukuda, “Influence of weather condition on data communication trough optical wireless LAN,” IEICE Trans. Commun. J83-B, 308–313 (2000).
  4. J. P. Kim, K. Y. Lee, J. H. Kim, and Y. K. Kim, “A performance analysis of wireless optical communication with convolution code in turbulent atmosphere,” in Proceedings of ITC-CSCC (International Technical Conference on Circuits/Systems, Computers and Communications, Okinawa, Japan, 1997), pp. 15–18.
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  14. S. Kaneko K. Oba, and T. Hamai, “A method to select the least distance route considering link reliabilities of mesh network links for the free-space optical communication system,” in Proceedings of the Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers General Conference (The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Tokyo, 2002), B-5-307, p. 758.
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Appl. Opt. (1)

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

T. S. Chu and D. C. Hogg, “Effects of precipitation on propagation at 0.63, 3.5, and 10.6 microns,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 47, 723–759 (1968).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

A. Acampora, S. H. Bloom, and S. Krishnamurthy, “A hybrid approach for universal broadband access using small radio cells interconnected by free-space optical links,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 973–987 (1998).

IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. (1)

R. L. Olsen, D. V. Rogers, and D. B. Hodge, “The aRb relation in the calculation of rain attenuation,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. AP-26, 318–329 (1978).

IEICE Trans. Commun. (2)

W. Hung, J. Takayanagi, T. Sakanaka, and M. Nakagawa, “Atmospheric optical communication system using subcarrier PSK modulation,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E76-B, 1169–1177 (1993).

K. Kumekawa, A. Kokubo, K. Sato, R. Kawashima, K. Yamada, and H. Hukuda, “Influence of weather condition on data communication trough optical wireless LAN,” IEICE Trans. Commun. J83-B, 308–313 (2000).

J. Commun. Res. Lab. (1)

J. Awaka, E. Kawai, T. Ihara, K. Kitamura, Y. Echizen’ya, and K. Okamoto, “Millimeter and optical wave propagation experiments under snow, fog, and rain conditions at Akita,” J. Commun. Res. Lab. 38, 645–659 (1991).

Opt. Eng. (1)

I. I. Kim, R. Stieger, J. Koontz, C. Moursund, M. Barclay, P. Adhikari, J. Schuster, and E. Korevaar, “Wireless optical transmission of fast ethernet, FDDI, ATM, and ESCON protocol data using the TerraLink laser communication system,” Opt. Eng. 37, 3143–3155 (1998).

Rev. Electr. Commun. Lab. (2)

K. Morita and I. Higuchi, “Statistical studies on electromagnetic wave attenuation due to rain,” Rev. Electr. Commun. Lab. 19, 97–150 (1970).

K. Morita and F. Yoshida, “Light wave attenuation propagation through the atmosphere,” Rev. Electr. Commun. Lab. 18, 1165–1185 (1969).

Other (7)

H. Yamashita, K. Kimura, K.Wakamori, T. Hayashi, and T. Kurono, “Influence on optical wireless LAN by the weather and communication distance,” in Proceedings of the Institute of Information and Television Engineers (The Institute of Information and Television Engineers, Osaka, Japan, 1998), pp. 55–56.

J. P. Kim, K. Y. Lee, J. H. Kim, and Y. K. Kim, “A performance analysis of wireless optical communication with convolution code in turbulent atmosphere,” in Proceedings of ITC-CSCC (International Technical Conference on Circuits/Systems, Computers and Communications, Okinawa, Japan, 1997), pp. 15–18.

S. Kaneko, K. Oba, and T. Hamai, “Evaluation of free space optical link availability in metropolitan Tokyo area,” in Free-Space Laser Communication Technologies XIV, G. S. Mecherle, ed., Proc. SPIE 4635, 262–272 (2001).

I. I. Kim, B. McArthur, and E. Korevaar, “Comparison of laser beam propagation at 785 nm and 1550 nm in fog and haze for optical wireless communications,” in Optical Wireless Communications III, E. J. Korevaar, ed., Proc. SPIE 4214, 26–37 (2001).

S. Kaneko, K. Oba, and T. Hamai, “Improvement of reliability based on mesh network architecture for the free-space optical communication system,” in Proceedings of the Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers General Conference (The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Tokyo, 2002), B-5-306, p. 757.

S. Kaneko K. Oba, and T. Hamai, “A method to select the least distance route considering link reliabilities of mesh network links for the free-space optical communication system,” in Proceedings of the Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers General Conference (The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Tokyo, 2002), B-5-307, p. 758.

T. Aruga, “Kukan denso kogaku” (in Japanese) (Suiyosha, Japan, 2000).

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