Abstract

Optical network-on-chip (ONoC) is a promising technology for future on-chip many-core communications. ONoC can achieve high bandwidth density and low communication latency under low network cost, which leads to an energy-efficient network. Time-division multiplexing (TDM)-based ONoC aims to solve the congestion problem faced by many optical circuit switching (OCS)-based mesh ONoCs. But TDM-based ONoC still suffers from high network polling time, which causes high average network latency, especially under low network load. In this paper, we propose a novel TDM ONoC using torus topology and direction-based wavelength assignment, named TTWA. TTWA ONoC combines TDM communication strategy and torus network topology to solve the congestion problem under the heavy network load faced by OCS-based ONoCs. With the utilization of direction-based wavelength assignment and torus topology, we further propose a high-efficiency communication strategy to improve the adjacent inter-cluster parallel communications and decrease the total TDM slot number, which contributes to a smaller network polling time and lower average network latency. A novel optical router is simultaneously designed to meet the communication strategy in TTWA. The analyses and simulation results indicate that TTWA ONoC improves the polling time compared with other TDM-based ONoCs and achieves better network performance compared with the equivalent OCS-based ONoCs under various synthetic traffic patterns and realistic scientific applications. After the calculation, TTWA ONoC reduces the network insertion loss of OCS-based mesh ONoC 46.92% and that of OCS-based torus ONoC 31.75% and reduces the required laser power of OCS-based mesh ONoC 62.90% and that of OCS-based torus ONoC 40.66% under the worst-case situation.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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