Abstract

Numerous studies have investigated elastic optical networks (EONs) with the aim of expanding the transmission capacities of core networks. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to solve the spectrum resource wastage problem caused by spectrum fragmentation. Moreover, due to the potentially high traffic demands in future networks, it is important to handle requests that need to be reserved immediately (immediate reservation, IR) as well as those that can be reserved in advance (advance reservation, AR). In networks that support the coexistence of IR and AR requests, IR service degradation by AR requests is a challenging issue because AR requests tend to reserve future resources, which causes a lack of current resources to meet IR requests. Therefore, we address the problem of spectrum fragmentation and the service-level control of IR and AR requests by routing and spectrum allocation (RSA). First, we summarize related research into EONs and resource-allocation methods for IR and AR requests. Next, we propose a novel dynamic RSA method to reduce spectrum fragmentation and control the service level of IR and AR requests in terms of bandwidth blocking probability (BBP) in EONs considering the multiplexing effect of spatial channels. Finally, we evaluate the proposed method based on computer simulations and our results demonstrate that the proposed method can improve the BBP for the entire traffic flow by reducing spectrum fragmentation, as well as the service control of AR requests and IR requests under various network conditions.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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