Abstract

As traffic volumes carried by optical networks continue to grow by tens of percent year over year, we are rapidly approaching the capacity limit of the conventional communication band within a single-mode fiber. New measures such as elastic optical networking, spectral extension to multi-bands, and spatial expansion to additional fiber overlays or new fiber types are all being considered as potential solutions, whether near term or far. In this tutorial paper, we survey the photonic switching hardware solutions in support of evolving optical networking solutions enabling capacity expansion based on the proposed approaches. We also suggest how reconfigurable add/drop multiplexing nodes will evolve under these scenarios and gauge their properties and relative cost scalings. We identify that the switching technologies continue to evolve and offer network operators the required flexibility in routing information channels in both the spectral and spatial domains. New wavelength-selective switch designs can now support greater resolution, increased functionality and packing density, as well as operation with multiple input and output ports. Various switching constraints can be applied, such as routing of complete spatial superchannels, in an effort to reduce the network cost and simplify the routing protocols and managed pathway count. However, such constraints also reduce the transport efficiency when the network is only partially loaded, and may incur fragmentation. System tradeoffs between switching granularity and implementation complexity and cost will have to be carefully considered for future high-capacity SDM–WDM optical networks. In this work, we present the first cost comparisons, to our knowledge, of the different approaches in an effort to quantify such tradeoffs.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Wavelength-selective switch with direct few mode fiber integration

D. M. Marom, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and R. Lingle
Opt. Express 23(5) 5723-5737 (2015)

Optical network scaling: roles of spectral and spatial aggregation

Sercan Ö. Arık, Keang-Po Ho, and Joseph M. Kahn
Opt. Express 22(24) 29868-29887 (2014)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. J. Winzer, “Spatial multiplexing in fiber optics: The 10× scaling of metro/core capacities,” Bell Labs Tech. J., vol. 19, pp. 22–30, 2014.
    [Crossref]
  2. “Cisco Visual Networking Index: Forecast and methodology, 2015–2020,” June2016.
  3. A. D. Ellis, J. Zhao, and D. Cotter, “Approaching the nonlinear Shannon limit,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 423–433, 2010.
    [Crossref]
  4. R. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 662–701, 2010.
    [Crossref]
  5. O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 50, no. 2, pp. s12–s20, 2012.
    [Crossref]
  6. I. Tomkos, S. Azodolmolky, J. Solé-Pareta, D. Careglio, and E. Palkopoulou, “A tutorial on the flexible optical networking paradigm: State-of-the-art, trends, and research challenges,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 102, no. 9, pp. 1317–1337, 2014.
    [Crossref]
  7. D. Klonidis, S. Sygletos, D. M. Marom, S. Fabbri, A. Ellis, E. Pincemin, C. Betoule, G. Thouenon, D. Hillerkuss, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, J. Leuthold, J. Zhao, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, M. Angelou, G. Papastergiou, P. Zakynthinos, and I. Tomkos, “Enabling transparent technologies for the development of highly granular flexible optical cross-connects,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2014, paper We.D1.5.
  8. B. Shariati, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, S. Ben-Ezra, D. Klonidis, F. Jiménez, L. Velasco, and I. Tomkos, “Investigation of mid-term network migration scenarios comparing multi-band and multi-fiber deployments,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2016, paper Th1E.1.
  9. F. Farjady, N. Antoniades, R. E. Wagner, and M. J. Yadlowsky, “Value of fiber overlays in WDM metro networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 329–331, 2003.
    [Crossref]
  10. K. Nakajima, P. Sillard, D. Richardson, M.-J. Li, R.-J. Essiambre, and S. Matsuo, “Transmission media for an SDM-based optical communication system,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 44–51, 2015.
    [Crossref]
  11. M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superchannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 21, pp. 1957–1960, 2012.
    [Crossref]
  12. L. E. Nelson, M. D. Feuer, K. Abedin, X. Zhou, T. F. Taunay, J. M. Fini, B. Zhu, R. Isaac, R. Harel, G. Cohen, and D. M. Marom, “Spatial superchannel routing in a two-span ROADM system for space division multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 783–789, 2014.
    [Crossref]
  13. D. M. Marom, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and R. Lingle, “Wavelength-selective switch with direct few mode fiber integration,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 5723–5737, 2015.
    [Crossref]
  14. D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, P. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, E. Salvadori, and I. Tomkos, “Spectral vs. spatial superchannel allocation in SDM networks under independent and joint switching paradigms,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Mo.4.6.2.
  15. P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, B. Shariati, D. Klonidis, E. Salvadori, and I. Tomkos, “Comparison of spectral and spatial super-channel allocation schemes for SDM networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 11, pp. 2710–2716, 2016.
    [Crossref]
  16. B. Shariati, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, S. Ben-Ezra, D. Klonidis, F. Jiménez, L. Velasco, and I. Tomkos, “Evaluation of the impact of different SDM switching strategies in a network planning scenario,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2016, paper Tu2H.4.
  17. D. T. Nelson, C. R. Doerr, D. M. Marom, R. Ryf, and M. P. Earnshaw, “Wavelength selective switching for optical bandwidth management,” Bell Labs Tech. J., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 105–128, 2006.
    [Crossref]
  18. P. Colbourne and B. Collings, “ROADM switching technologies,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2011, paper OTuD1.
  19. D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, C. S. Pai, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. López, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, “Wavelength-selective 1 × K switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: Theory, design, and implementation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 1620–1630, 2005.
    [Crossref]
  20. R. Ryf, Y. Su, L. Moller, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, D. T. Neilson, and C. R. Giles, “Wavelength blocking filter with flexible data rates and channel spacing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 54–61, 2005.
    [Crossref]
  21. T. A. Strasser and J. L. Wagener, “Wavelength-selective switches for ROADM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1150–1157, 2010.
    [Crossref]
  22. G. Baxter, S. Frisken, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhou, I. Clarke, A. Bartos, and S. Poole, “Highly programmable wavelength selective switch based on liquid crystal on silicon switching elements,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2006, paper OTuF2.
  23. D. Sinefeld and D. M. Marom, “Insertion loss and crosstalk analysis of a fiber switch based on a pixelized phase modulator,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, pp. 69–77, 2011.
    [Crossref]
  24. S. J. Frisken, G. W. Baxter, H. Zhao, and D. Abakoumov, “Optical calibration system and method,” U.S. patent7457547 (Nov.25, 2008).
  25. S. Frisken, G. Baxter, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhou, I. Clarke, and S. Poole, “Flexible and grid-less wavelength selective switch using LCOS technology,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2011, paper OTuM3.
  26. J.-K. Rhee, I. Tomkos, and M.-J. Li, “A broadcast-and-select OADM optical network with dedicated optical-channel protection,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 25–31, 2003.
    [Crossref]
  27. M. Vasilyev, I. Tomkos, M. Mehendale, J.-K. Rhee, A. Kobyakov, M. Ajgaonkar, S. Tsuda, and M. Sharma, “Transparent ultra-long-haul DWDM networks with “broadcast-and-select” OADM/OXC architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2661–2672, 2003.
    [Crossref]
  28. D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking filter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 563–569, 2004.
    [Crossref]
  29. B. Collings, “New devices enabling software-defined optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 66–71, 2013.
    [Crossref]
  30. D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, J. Leuthold, M. A. Gibbons, and C. R. Giles, “64 channel 4 × 4 wavelength-selective cross-connect for 40  Gb/s channel rates with 10  Tb/s throughput capacity,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2003, pp. 816–817.
  31. J. M. Simmons and A. A. M. Saleh, “Wavelength-selective CDC ROADM designs using reduced-sized optical cross-connects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, no. 20, pp. 2174–2177, 2015.
    [Crossref]
  32. R. Jensen, A. Lord, and N. Parsons, “Colourless, directionless, contentionless ROADM architecture using low-loss optical matrix switches,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, paper Mo.2.D.2.
  33. E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, E. Kosmatos, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Stavdas, M. Bohn, A. Napoli, T. Rahman, F. Cugini, N. Sambo, S. Frigerio, A. D’Errico, A. Pagano, E. Riccardi, V. López, and J. P. Fernández-Palacios Giménez, “Next generation optical nodes: The vision of the European research project IDEALIST,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 172–181, 2015.
    [Crossref]
  34. K. Suzuki, Y. Ikuma, E. Hashimoto, K. Yamaguchi, M. Itoh, and T. Takahashi, “Ultra-high port count wavelength selective switch employing waveguide-based I/O frontend,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2015.
  35. M. Iwama, M. Takahashi, M. Kimura, Y. Uchida, J. Hasegawa, R. Kawahara, and N. Kagi, “LCOS-based flexible grid 1 × 40 wavelength selective switch using planar lightwave circuit as spot size converter,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2015.
  36. M. Iwama, M. Takahashi, Y. Uchida, M. Kimura, R. Kawahara, S.-I. Matsushita, and T. Mukaihara, “Low loss 1 × 93 wavelength selective switch using PLC-based spot size converter,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Valencia, Spain, 2015, paper Mo.4.2.2.
  37. Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, N. Nemoto, E. Hashimoto, O. Moriwaki, and T. Takahashi, “8 × 24 wavelength selective switch for low-loss transponder aggregator,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Mar.2015, paper Th5A.4.
  38. P. Colbourne, “M × N wavelength selective optical switch,” U.S. patent20100172646 A1 (July8, 2010).
  39. Y. Yan, H. Zhao, L. Zong, and Z. Feng, “8 × 128 adWSS for CDC ROADM,” in Int. Conf. Photonics in Switching (PS), Florence, Italy, Sept. 2015, paper WeI2.5.
  40. L. Pascar, R. Karubi, B. Frenkel, and D. M. Marom, “Port-reconfigurable, wavelength-selective switch array for colorless/directionless/contentionless optical add/drop multiplexing,” presented at Int. Conf. Photonics in Switching (PS), Florence, Italy, Sept. 2015, paper PDP.2.
  41. R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.
  42. N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, and D. T. Neilson, “N × M wavelength selective crossconnect with flexible passbands,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2012, paper PDP5B.2.
  43. F. Xiao and K. Alameh, “Opto-VLSI-based N × M wavelength selective switch,” Opt. Express, vol. 21, pp. 18160–18169, 2013.
    [Crossref]
  44. L. Zong, H. Zhao, Z. Feng, and S. Cao, “Demonstration of ultra-compact contentionless-ROADM based on flexible wavelength router,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2014, paper P.4.4.
  45. L. Zong, H. Zhao, Z. Feng, and Y. Yan, “8 × 8 flexible wavelength cross-connect for CDC ROADM application,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, no. 24, pp. 2603–2606, 2015.
    [Crossref]
  46. N. Nemoto, Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, O. Moriwaki, T. Watanabe, M. Itoh, and T. Takahashi, “8 × 8 wavelength cross connect with add/drop ports integrated in spatial and planar optical circuit,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Tu.3.5.1.
  47. L. Zong, H. Zhao, Y. Yan, and Z. Feng, “Demonstration of quasi-contentionless flexible ROADM based on a multiport WXC,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 8, pp. A141–A151, 2016.
    [Crossref]
  48. Y. Loussouarn, E. Pincemin, M. Song, S. Gauthier, Y. Chen, and S. Zhong, “400  Gbps real-time coherent Nyquist-WDM DP-16QAM transmission over legacy G.652 or G.655 fibre infrastructure with 2  dB margins,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2015.
  49. S. Melle, A. Deore, O. Turkcu, S. Ahuja, and S. J. Hand, “Comparing optical and OTN switching architectures in next-gen 100  Gb/s networks,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2013, paper NM3F-2.
  50. P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, G. Thouénon, C. Betoule, and I. Tomkos, “Impairment-aware resource allocation over flexi-grid network with all-optical add/drop capability,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Valencia, Spain, Sept. 2015, paper P.6.13.
  51. P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, G. Thouénon, C. Betoule, and E. Pincemin, “Techno-economic analysis of flexi-grid networks with all-optical add/drop capability,” presented at Int. Conf. Photonics in Switching (PS), Florence, Italy, Sept. 2015, paper ThIII2.2.
  52. G. Thouénon, C. Betoule, E. Pincemin, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, and I. Tomkos, “All-optical vs. electrical aggregations CAPEX comparisons in a fully-flexible multi-layer transport network,” presented at the European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), Valencia, Spain, Sept. 2015, paper We.4.5.4.
  53. R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. M. Marom, “Sub-banded/single-sub-carrier drop-demux and flexible spectral shaping with a fine resolution photonic processor,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Cannes, France, 2014, paper PD.4.1.
  54. N. Goldshtein, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, R. Rudnick, L. Pascar, R. Zektzer, and D. M. Marom, “Fine resolution photonic spectral processor using a waveguide grating router with permanent phase trimming,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 23, pp. 379–385, 2016.
    [Crossref]
  55. “Spectral grids for WDM applications: DWDM frequency grid,” , Feb.2012.
  56. P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, B. Shariati, D. M. Marom, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Investigation of spectrum granularity for performance optimization of flexible Nyquist-WDM-based optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 33, no. 23, pp. 4767–4774, 2015.
    [Crossref]
  57. P. Torres-Ferrera, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, D. M. Marom, R. Gutiérrez-Castrejón, and I. Tomkos, “Filtering effects of cascaded flexgrid ROADMs with high spectral resolution filters on the transmission of Nyquist and quasi-Nyquist WDM superchannels,” in Proc. 13th Int. Conf. Optical Communication Networks (ICOCN), Suzhou, China, 2014, paper M12.6.
  58. M. Song, E. Pincemin, A. Josten, B. Baeuerle, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben Ezra, J. F. Ferran, G. Thouenon, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, C. Betoule, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Flexible optical cross-connects for high bit rate elastic photonic transport networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 8, pp. A126–A140, 2016.
    [Crossref]
  59. M. Song, E. Pincemin, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, J. Zhao, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, J. M. Rivas, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Cascaded all-optical sub-channel add/drop multiplexing from a 1-Tb/s super-channel having 2-GHz guard-bands,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.
  60. L. Zhuang, C. Zhu, Y. Xie, M. Burla, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, B. Corcoran, and A. J. Lowery, “Nyquist-filtering (de)multiplexer using a ring resonator assisted interferometer circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 8, pp. 1732–1738, 2016.
    [Crossref]
  61. B. Corcoran, C. Zhu, J. Schröder, L. Zhuang, B. Foo, M. Burla, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, and A. J. Lowery, “Multipass performance of a chip-enhanced WSS for Nyquist-WDM sub-band switching,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 8, pp. 1824–1830, 2016.
    [Crossref]
  62. P. J. Winzer, “An opto-electronic interferometer and its use in subcarrier add/drop multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 1775–1782, 2013.
    [Crossref]
  63. T. Richter, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Elschner, T. Kato, T. Tamimura, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Coherent in-line substitution of OFDM subcarriers using fiber-frequency conversion and free-running lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), San Francisco, CA, 2014.
  64. S. Sygletos, S. J. Fabbri, E. Giacoumidis, M. Sorokina, D. M. Marom, M. F. C. Stephens, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, and A. D. Ellis, “A novel architecture for all-optical add-drop multiplexing of OFDM signals,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Cannes, France, 2014, paper We.1.5.4.
  65. D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
    [Crossref]
  66. S. J. Fabbri, S. Sygletos, A. Perentos, E. Pincemin, K. Sugden, and A. D. Ellis, “Experimental implementation of an all-optical interferometric drop, add, and extract multiplexer for superchannels,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1351–1357, 2015.
    [Crossref]
  67. D. M. Marom and M. Blau, “Switching solutions for WDM-SDM optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 60–68, 2015.
    [Crossref]
  68. R. Ramamurthy and B. Mukherjee, “Fixed-alternate routing and wavelength conversion in wavelength-routed optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 351–367, 2002.
    [Crossref]
  69. I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, and R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 780–799, 1996.
    [Crossref]
  70. P. J. Winzer, “Making spatial multiplexing a reality,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 8, pp. 345–348, 2014.
    [Crossref]
  71. D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 7, pp. 354–362, 2013.
    [Crossref]
  72. A. Muhammad, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, and R. Forchheimer, “Routing, spectrum and core allocation in flexgrid SDM networks with multi-core fibers,” in Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2014, pp. 192–197.
  73. R. Proietti, L. Liu, R. P. Scott, B. Guan, C. Qin, T. Su, F. Giannone, and S. J. B. Yoo, “3D elastic optical networking in the temporal, spectral, and spatial domains,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2 pp. 79–87, 2015.
    [Crossref]
  74. D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, D. Klonidis, V. Lopez, and E. Salvadori, “Resource allocation policies in SDM optical networks (invited paper),” in Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2015, pp. 168–173.
  75. D. Klonidis, F. Cugini, O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, V. Lopez, E. Palkopoulou, M. Sekiya, D. Siracusa, G. Thouenon, and C. Betoule, “Spectrally and spatially flexible optical network planning and operations,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 69–78, 2015.
    [Crossref]
  76. B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, B. Guan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, and G. Li, “All-fiber mode-group-selective photonic lantern using graded-index multimode fibers,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 224–234, 2015.
    [Crossref]
  77. N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and S. G. Leon-Saval, “Geometric requirements for photonic lanterns in space division multiplexing,” Opt. Express, vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 27123–27132, 2012.
    [Crossref]
  78. S. G. Leon-Saval, N. K. Fontaine, J. R. Salazar-Gil, B. Ercan, R. Ryf, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective photonic lanterns for space-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express, vol. 22, pp. 1036–1044, 2014.
    [Crossref]
  79. A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, G. Lopez-Galmiche, P. Sillard, D. Van Ras, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Scaling the fabrication of higher order photonic lanterns using microstructured preforms,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Tu.3.3.2.
  80. N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, B. Guan, R. Scott, B. Ercan, S. J. B. Yoo, L. E. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “30 × 30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.1.
  81. Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, N. Nemoto, E. Hashimoto, O. Moriwaki, and T. Takahashi, “Low-loss transponder aggregator using spatial and planar optical circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 67–72, 2016.
    [Crossref]
  82. K. Suzuki, M. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, G. Takashi, Y. Ikuma, K. Shikama, Y. Ishii, M. Itoh, M. Fukutoku, T. Hashimoto, and Y. Miyamoto, “Wavelength selective switch for multi-core fiber based space division multiplexed network with core-by-core switching capability,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.
  83. J. Carpenter, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. R. Salazar-Gil, J. Bland-Hawthorn, G. Baxter, L. Stewart, S. Frisken, M. A. F. Roelens, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “1 × 11 few-mode fiber wavelength selective switch using photonic lanterns,” Opt. Express, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 2216–2221, 2014.
    [Crossref]
  84. N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, C. Liu, B. Ercan, J. R. Salazar Gil, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and D. T. Neilson, “Few-mode fiberwavelength selective switch with spatial-diversity and reduced-steering angle,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2014, paper Th4A.7.
  85. N. K. Fontaine, T. Haramaty, R. Ryf, H. Chen, L. Miron, L. Pascar, M. Blau, B. Frenkel, L. Wang, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, R. J. Essiambre, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and D. M. Marom, “Heterogeneous space-division multiplexing and joint wavelength switching demonstration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.5.
  86. R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2013, paper PD1.C.4.
  87. Y. Jung, S. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Compact few-mode fiber collimator and associated optical components for mode division multiplexed transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2016, paper W2A.40.

2016 (7)

Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, N. Nemoto, E. Hashimoto, O. Moriwaki, and T. Takahashi, “Low-loss transponder aggregator using spatial and planar optical circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 67–72, 2016.
[Crossref]

N. Goldshtein, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, R. Rudnick, L. Pascar, R. Zektzer, and D. M. Marom, “Fine resolution photonic spectral processor using a waveguide grating router with permanent phase trimming,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 23, pp. 379–385, 2016.
[Crossref]

L. Zhuang, C. Zhu, Y. Xie, M. Burla, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, B. Corcoran, and A. J. Lowery, “Nyquist-filtering (de)multiplexer using a ring resonator assisted interferometer circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 8, pp. 1732–1738, 2016.
[Crossref]

B. Corcoran, C. Zhu, J. Schröder, L. Zhuang, B. Foo, M. Burla, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, and A. J. Lowery, “Multipass performance of a chip-enhanced WSS for Nyquist-WDM sub-band switching,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 8, pp. 1824–1830, 2016.
[Crossref]

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, B. Shariati, D. Klonidis, E. Salvadori, and I. Tomkos, “Comparison of spectral and spatial super-channel allocation schemes for SDM networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 11, pp. 2710–2716, 2016.
[Crossref]

M. Song, E. Pincemin, A. Josten, B. Baeuerle, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben Ezra, J. F. Ferran, G. Thouenon, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, C. Betoule, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Flexible optical cross-connects for high bit rate elastic photonic transport networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 8, pp. A126–A140, 2016.
[Crossref]

L. Zong, H. Zhao, Y. Yan, and Z. Feng, “Demonstration of quasi-contentionless flexible ROADM based on a multiport WXC,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 8, pp. A141–A151, 2016.
[Crossref]

2015 (11)

K. Nakajima, P. Sillard, D. Richardson, M.-J. Li, R.-J. Essiambre, and S. Matsuo, “Transmission media for an SDM-based optical communication system,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 44–51, 2015.
[Crossref]

J. M. Simmons and A. A. M. Saleh, “Wavelength-selective CDC ROADM designs using reduced-sized optical cross-connects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, no. 20, pp. 2174–2177, 2015.
[Crossref]

E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, E. Kosmatos, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Stavdas, M. Bohn, A. Napoli, T. Rahman, F. Cugini, N. Sambo, S. Frigerio, A. D’Errico, A. Pagano, E. Riccardi, V. López, and J. P. Fernández-Palacios Giménez, “Next generation optical nodes: The vision of the European research project IDEALIST,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 172–181, 2015.
[Crossref]

L. Zong, H. Zhao, Z. Feng, and Y. Yan, “8 × 8 flexible wavelength cross-connect for CDC ROADM application,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, no. 24, pp. 2603–2606, 2015.
[Crossref]

D. M. Marom and M. Blau, “Switching solutions for WDM-SDM optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 60–68, 2015.
[Crossref]

R. Proietti, L. Liu, R. P. Scott, B. Guan, C. Qin, T. Su, F. Giannone, and S. J. B. Yoo, “3D elastic optical networking in the temporal, spectral, and spatial domains,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2 pp. 79–87, 2015.
[Crossref]

D. Klonidis, F. Cugini, O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, V. Lopez, E. Palkopoulou, M. Sekiya, D. Siracusa, G. Thouenon, and C. Betoule, “Spectrally and spatially flexible optical network planning and operations,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 69–78, 2015.
[Crossref]

B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, B. Guan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, and G. Li, “All-fiber mode-group-selective photonic lantern using graded-index multimode fibers,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 224–234, 2015.
[Crossref]

D. M. Marom, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and R. Lingle, “Wavelength-selective switch with direct few mode fiber integration,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 5723–5737, 2015.
[Crossref]

S. J. Fabbri, S. Sygletos, A. Perentos, E. Pincemin, K. Sugden, and A. D. Ellis, “Experimental implementation of an all-optical interferometric drop, add, and extract multiplexer for superchannels,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1351–1357, 2015.
[Crossref]

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, B. Shariati, D. M. Marom, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Investigation of spectrum granularity for performance optimization of flexible Nyquist-WDM-based optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 33, no. 23, pp. 4767–4774, 2015.
[Crossref]

2014 (6)

2013 (4)

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 7, pp. 354–362, 2013.
[Crossref]

B. Collings, “New devices enabling software-defined optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 66–71, 2013.
[Crossref]

P. J. Winzer, “An opto-electronic interferometer and its use in subcarrier add/drop multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 1775–1782, 2013.
[Crossref]

F. Xiao and K. Alameh, “Opto-VLSI-based N × M wavelength selective switch,” Opt. Express, vol. 21, pp. 18160–18169, 2013.
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 50, no. 2, pp. s12–s20, 2012.
[Crossref]

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superchannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 21, pp. 1957–1960, 2012.
[Crossref]

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and S. G. Leon-Saval, “Geometric requirements for photonic lanterns in space division multiplexing,” Opt. Express, vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 27123–27132, 2012.
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

D. Sinefeld and D. M. Marom, “Insertion loss and crosstalk analysis of a fiber switch based on a pixelized phase modulator,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, pp. 69–77, 2011.
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

2006 (1)

D. T. Nelson, C. R. Doerr, D. M. Marom, R. Ryf, and M. P. Earnshaw, “Wavelength selective switching for optical bandwidth management,” Bell Labs Tech. J., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 105–128, 2006.
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking filter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 563–569, 2004.
[Crossref]

2003 (3)

2002 (1)

R. Ramamurthy and B. Mukherjee, “Fixed-alternate routing and wavelength conversion in wavelength-routed optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 351–367, 2002.
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, and R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 780–799, 1996.
[Crossref]

Abakoumov, D.

S. Frisken, G. Baxter, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhou, I. Clarke, and S. Poole, “Flexible and grid-less wavelength selective switch using LCOS technology,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2011, paper OTuM3.

S. J. Frisken, G. W. Baxter, H. Zhao, and D. Abakoumov, “Optical calibration system and method,” U.S. patent7457547 (Nov.25, 2008).

G. Baxter, S. Frisken, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhou, I. Clarke, A. Bartos, and S. Poole, “Highly programmable wavelength selective switch based on liquid crystal on silicon switching elements,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2006, paper OTuF2.

Abedin, K.

Ahuja, S.

S. Melle, A. Deore, O. Turkcu, S. Ahuja, and S. J. Hand, “Comparing optical and OTN switching architectures in next-gen 100  Gb/s networks,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2013, paper NM3F-2.

Ajgaonkar, M.

Aksyuk, V.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Aksyuk, V. A.

Alam, S.

Y. Jung, S. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Compact few-mode fiber collimator and associated optical components for mode division multiplexed transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2016, paper W2A.40.

Alam, S. U.

N. K. Fontaine, T. Haramaty, R. Ryf, H. Chen, L. Miron, L. Pascar, M. Blau, B. Frenkel, L. Wang, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, R. J. Essiambre, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and D. M. Marom, “Heterogeneous space-division multiplexing and joint wavelength switching demonstration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.5.

Alameh, K.

Alvarado-Zacarias, J. C.

A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, G. Lopez-Galmiche, P. Sillard, D. Van Ras, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Scaling the fabrication of higher order photonic lanterns using microstructured preforms,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Tu.3.3.2.

Amey, S.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Amezcua-Correa, R.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, B. Guan, R. Scott, B. Ercan, S. J. B. Yoo, L. E. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “30 × 30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.1.

A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, G. Lopez-Galmiche, P. Sillard, D. Van Ras, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Scaling the fabrication of higher order photonic lanterns using microstructured preforms,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Tu.3.3.2.

Angelou, M.

D. Klonidis, S. Sygletos, D. M. Marom, S. Fabbri, A. Ellis, E. Pincemin, C. Betoule, G. Thouenon, D. Hillerkuss, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, J. Leuthold, J. Zhao, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, M. Angelou, G. Papastergiou, P. Zakynthinos, and I. Tomkos, “Enabling transparent technologies for the development of highly granular flexible optical cross-connects,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2014, paper We.D1.5.

Antoniades, N.

F. Farjady, N. Antoniades, R. E. Wagner, and M. J. Yadlowsky, “Value of fiber overlays in WDM metro networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 329–331, 2003.
[Crossref]

Antonio-Lopez, E.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, B. Guan, R. Scott, B. Ercan, S. J. B. Yoo, L. E. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “30 × 30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.1.

Antonio-Lopez, J. E.

A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, G. Lopez-Galmiche, P. Sillard, D. Van Ras, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Scaling the fabrication of higher order photonic lanterns using microstructured preforms,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Tu.3.3.2.

Azodolmolky, S.

I. Tomkos, S. Azodolmolky, J. Solé-Pareta, D. Careglio, and E. Palkopoulou, “A tutorial on the flexible optical networking paradigm: State-of-the-art, trends, and research challenges,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 102, no. 9, pp. 1317–1337, 2014.
[Crossref]

Baeuerle, B.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, A. Josten, B. Baeuerle, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben Ezra, J. F. Ferran, G. Thouenon, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, C. Betoule, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Flexible optical cross-connects for high bit rate elastic photonic transport networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 8, pp. A126–A140, 2016.
[Crossref]

D. Klonidis, S. Sygletos, D. M. Marom, S. Fabbri, A. Ellis, E. Pincemin, C. Betoule, G. Thouenon, D. Hillerkuss, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, J. Leuthold, J. Zhao, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, M. Angelou, G. Papastergiou, P. Zakynthinos, and I. Tomkos, “Enabling transparent technologies for the development of highly granular flexible optical cross-connects,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2014, paper We.D1.5.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, J. Zhao, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, J. M. Rivas, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Cascaded all-optical sub-channel add/drop multiplexing from a 1-Tb/s super-channel having 2-GHz guard-bands,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

Barr, D. L.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Barry, R. A.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, and R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 780–799, 1996.
[Crossref]

Bartos, A.

G. Baxter, S. Frisken, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhou, I. Clarke, A. Bartos, and S. Poole, “Highly programmable wavelength selective switch based on liquid crystal on silicon switching elements,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2006, paper OTuF2.

Basavanhally, N.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Basavanhally, N. R.

D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, C. S. Pai, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. López, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, “Wavelength-selective 1 × K switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: Theory, design, and implementation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 1620–1630, 2005.
[Crossref]

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking filter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 563–569, 2004.
[Crossref]

Baxter, G.

J. Carpenter, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. R. Salazar-Gil, J. Bland-Hawthorn, G. Baxter, L. Stewart, S. Frisken, M. A. F. Roelens, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “1 × 11 few-mode fiber wavelength selective switch using photonic lanterns,” Opt. Express, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 2216–2221, 2014.
[Crossref]

G. Baxter, S. Frisken, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhou, I. Clarke, A. Bartos, and S. Poole, “Highly programmable wavelength selective switch based on liquid crystal on silicon switching elements,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2006, paper OTuF2.

S. Frisken, G. Baxter, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhou, I. Clarke, and S. Poole, “Flexible and grid-less wavelength selective switch using LCOS technology,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2011, paper OTuM3.

Baxter, G. W.

S. J. Frisken, G. W. Baxter, H. Zhao, and D. Abakoumov, “Optical calibration system and method,” U.S. patent7457547 (Nov.25, 2008).

Becker, J.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Beeker, W. P.

Ben Ezra, S.

Ben-Ezra, S.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

B. Shariati, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, S. Ben-Ezra, D. Klonidis, F. Jiménez, L. Velasco, and I. Tomkos, “Investigation of mid-term network migration scenarios comparing multi-band and multi-fiber deployments,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2016, paper Th1E.1.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, J. Zhao, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, J. M. Rivas, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Cascaded all-optical sub-channel add/drop multiplexing from a 1-Tb/s super-channel having 2-GHz guard-bands,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

B. Shariati, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, S. Ben-Ezra, D. Klonidis, F. Jiménez, L. Velasco, and I. Tomkos, “Evaluation of the impact of different SDM switching strategies in a network planning scenario,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2016, paper Tu2H.4.

D. Klonidis, S. Sygletos, D. M. Marom, S. Fabbri, A. Ellis, E. Pincemin, C. Betoule, G. Thouenon, D. Hillerkuss, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, J. Leuthold, J. Zhao, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, M. Angelou, G. Papastergiou, P. Zakynthinos, and I. Tomkos, “Enabling transparent technologies for the development of highly granular flexible optical cross-connects,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2014, paper We.D1.5.

R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. M. Marom, “Sub-banded/single-sub-carrier drop-demux and flexible spectral shaping with a fine resolution photonic processor,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Cannes, France, 2014, paper PD.4.1.

Benitez, A. V.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, B. Guan, R. Scott, B. Ercan, S. J. B. Yoo, L. E. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “30 × 30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.1.

Bernasconi, P.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Betoule, C.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, A. Josten, B. Baeuerle, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben Ezra, J. F. Ferran, G. Thouenon, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, C. Betoule, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Flexible optical cross-connects for high bit rate elastic photonic transport networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 8, pp. A126–A140, 2016.
[Crossref]

D. Klonidis, F. Cugini, O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, V. Lopez, E. Palkopoulou, M. Sekiya, D. Siracusa, G. Thouenon, and C. Betoule, “Spectrally and spatially flexible optical network planning and operations,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 69–78, 2015.
[Crossref]

D. Klonidis, S. Sygletos, D. M. Marom, S. Fabbri, A. Ellis, E. Pincemin, C. Betoule, G. Thouenon, D. Hillerkuss, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, J. Leuthold, J. Zhao, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, M. Angelou, G. Papastergiou, P. Zakynthinos, and I. Tomkos, “Enabling transparent technologies for the development of highly granular flexible optical cross-connects,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2014, paper We.D1.5.

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, G. Thouénon, C. Betoule, and I. Tomkos, “Impairment-aware resource allocation over flexi-grid network with all-optical add/drop capability,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Valencia, Spain, Sept. 2015, paper P.6.13.

G. Thouénon, C. Betoule, E. Pincemin, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, and I. Tomkos, “All-optical vs. electrical aggregations CAPEX comparisons in a fully-flexible multi-layer transport network,” presented at the European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), Valencia, Spain, Sept. 2015, paper We.4.5.4.

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, G. Thouénon, C. Betoule, and E. Pincemin, “Techno-economic analysis of flexi-grid networks with all-optical add/drop capability,” presented at Int. Conf. Photonics in Switching (PS), Florence, Italy, Sept. 2015, paper ThIII2.2.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, J. Zhao, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, J. M. Rivas, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Cascaded all-optical sub-channel add/drop multiplexing from a 1-Tb/s super-channel having 2-GHz guard-bands,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

Bishop, D. J.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Bland-Hawthorn, J.

D. M. Marom, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and R. Lingle, “Wavelength-selective switch with direct few mode fiber integration,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 5723–5737, 2015.
[Crossref]

J. Carpenter, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. R. Salazar-Gil, J. Bland-Hawthorn, G. Baxter, L. Stewart, S. Frisken, M. A. F. Roelens, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “1 × 11 few-mode fiber wavelength selective switch using photonic lanterns,” Opt. Express, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 2216–2221, 2014.
[Crossref]

S. G. Leon-Saval, N. K. Fontaine, J. R. Salazar-Gil, B. Ercan, R. Ryf, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective photonic lanterns for space-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express, vol. 22, pp. 1036–1044, 2014.
[Crossref]

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and S. G. Leon-Saval, “Geometric requirements for photonic lanterns in space division multiplexing,” Opt. Express, vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 27123–27132, 2012.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2013, paper PD1.C.4.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, C. Liu, B. Ercan, J. R. Salazar Gil, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and D. T. Neilson, “Few-mode fiberwavelength selective switch with spatial-diversity and reduced-steering angle,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2014, paper Th4A.7.

Blau, M.

D. M. Marom and M. Blau, “Switching solutions for WDM-SDM optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 60–68, 2015.
[Crossref]

D. M. Marom, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and R. Lingle, “Wavelength-selective switch with direct few mode fiber integration,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 5723–5737, 2015.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2013, paper PD1.C.4.

N. K. Fontaine, T. Haramaty, R. Ryf, H. Chen, L. Miron, L. Pascar, M. Blau, B. Frenkel, L. Wang, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, R. J. Essiambre, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and D. M. Marom, “Heterogeneous space-division multiplexing and joint wavelength switching demonstration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.5.

Bogart, G. R.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Bohn, M.

E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, E. Kosmatos, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Stavdas, M. Bohn, A. Napoli, T. Rahman, F. Cugini, N. Sambo, S. Frigerio, A. D’Errico, A. Pagano, E. Riccardi, V. López, and J. P. Fernández-Palacios Giménez, “Next generation optical nodes: The vision of the European research project IDEALIST,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 172–181, 2015.
[Crossref]

Bolle, C.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Bolle, C. A.

Bonk, R.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Boone, T.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Burla, M.

Busch, P.

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking filter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 563–569, 2004.
[Crossref]

Cao, S.

L. Zong, H. Zhao, Z. Feng, and S. Cao, “Demonstration of ultra-compact contentionless-ROADM based on flexible wavelength router,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2014, paper P.4.4.

Careglio, D.

I. Tomkos, S. Azodolmolky, J. Solé-Pareta, D. Careglio, and E. Palkopoulou, “A tutorial on the flexible optical networking paradigm: State-of-the-art, trends, and research challenges,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 102, no. 9, pp. 1317–1337, 2014.
[Crossref]

Carpenter, J.

Carr, D.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Castagnozzi, D. M.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, and R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 780–799, 1996.
[Crossref]

Chan, V. W. S.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, and R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 780–799, 1996.
[Crossref]

Chandrasekhar, S.

D. M. Marom, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and R. Lingle, “Wavelength-selective switch with direct few mode fiber integration,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 5723–5737, 2015.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, Y. Su, L. Moller, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, D. T. Neilson, and C. R. Giles, “Wavelength blocking filter with flexible data rates and channel spacing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 54–61, 2005.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2013, paper PD1.C.4.

Chen, H.

N. K. Fontaine, T. Haramaty, R. Ryf, H. Chen, L. Miron, L. Pascar, M. Blau, B. Frenkel, L. Wang, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, R. J. Essiambre, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and D. M. Marom, “Heterogeneous space-division multiplexing and joint wavelength switching demonstration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.5.

A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, G. Lopez-Galmiche, P. Sillard, D. Van Ras, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Scaling the fabrication of higher order photonic lanterns using microstructured preforms,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Tu.3.3.2.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, B. Guan, R. Scott, B. Ercan, S. J. B. Yoo, L. E. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “30 × 30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.1.

Chen, Y.

Y. Loussouarn, E. Pincemin, M. Song, S. Gauthier, Y. Chen, and S. Zhong, “400  Gbps real-time coherent Nyquist-WDM DP-16QAM transmission over legacy G.652 or G.655 fibre infrastructure with 2  dB margins,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2015.

Ciampa, N. A.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Cirelli, R. A.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Clarke, I.

G. Baxter, S. Frisken, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhou, I. Clarke, A. Bartos, and S. Poole, “Highly programmable wavelength selective switch based on liquid crystal on silicon switching elements,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2006, paper OTuF2.

S. Frisken, G. Baxter, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhou, I. Clarke, and S. Poole, “Flexible and grid-less wavelength selective switch using LCOS technology,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2011, paper OTuM3.

Cohen, G.

Colbourne, P.

P. Colbourne, “M × N wavelength selective optical switch,” U.S. patent20100172646 A1 (July8, 2010).

P. Colbourne and B. Collings, “ROADM switching technologies,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2011, paper OTuD1.

Collings, B.

B. Collings, “New devices enabling software-defined optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 66–71, 2013.
[Crossref]

P. Colbourne and B. Collings, “ROADM switching technologies,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2011, paper OTuD1.

Corcoran, B.

Cotter, D.

Cugini, F.

D. Klonidis, F. Cugini, O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, V. Lopez, E. Palkopoulou, M. Sekiya, D. Siracusa, G. Thouenon, and C. Betoule, “Spectrally and spatially flexible optical network planning and operations,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 69–78, 2015.
[Crossref]

E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, E. Kosmatos, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Stavdas, M. Bohn, A. Napoli, T. Rahman, F. Cugini, N. Sambo, S. Frigerio, A. D’Errico, A. Pagano, E. Riccardi, V. López, and J. P. Fernández-Palacios Giménez, “Next generation optical nodes: The vision of the European research project IDEALIST,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 172–181, 2015.
[Crossref]

D’Errico, A.

E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, E. Kosmatos, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Stavdas, M. Bohn, A. Napoli, T. Rahman, F. Cugini, N. Sambo, S. Frigerio, A. D’Errico, A. Pagano, E. Riccardi, V. López, and J. P. Fernández-Palacios Giménez, “Next generation optical nodes: The vision of the European research project IDEALIST,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 172–181, 2015.
[Crossref]

Deore, A.

S. Melle, A. Deore, O. Turkcu, S. Ahuja, and S. J. Hand, “Comparing optical and OTN switching architectures in next-gen 100  Gb/s networks,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2013, paper NM3F-2.

Doerr, C. R.

D. T. Nelson, C. R. Doerr, D. M. Marom, R. Ryf, and M. P. Earnshaw, “Wavelength selective switching for optical bandwidth management,” Bell Labs Tech. J., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 105–128, 2006.
[Crossref]

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, and R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 780–799, 1996.
[Crossref]

Dragone, C.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, and R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 780–799, 1996.
[Crossref]

Dreschmann, M.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Dunayevsky, J.

D. M. Marom, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and R. Lingle, “Wavelength-selective switch with direct few mode fiber integration,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 5723–5737, 2015.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2013, paper PD1.C.4.

Earnshaw, M. P.

D. T. Nelson, C. R. Doerr, D. M. Marom, R. Ryf, and M. P. Earnshaw, “Wavelength selective switching for optical bandwidth management,” Bell Labs Tech. J., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 105–128, 2006.
[Crossref]

Eggleton, B. J.

Ellermeyer, T.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Ellis, A.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, J. Zhao, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, J. M. Rivas, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Cascaded all-optical sub-channel add/drop multiplexing from a 1-Tb/s super-channel having 2-GHz guard-bands,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

D. Klonidis, S. Sygletos, D. M. Marom, S. Fabbri, A. Ellis, E. Pincemin, C. Betoule, G. Thouenon, D. Hillerkuss, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, J. Leuthold, J. Zhao, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, M. Angelou, G. Papastergiou, P. Zakynthinos, and I. Tomkos, “Enabling transparent technologies for the development of highly granular flexible optical cross-connects,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2014, paper We.D1.5.

Ellis, A. D.

S. J. Fabbri, S. Sygletos, A. Perentos, E. Pincemin, K. Sugden, and A. D. Ellis, “Experimental implementation of an all-optical interferometric drop, add, and extract multiplexer for superchannels,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1351–1357, 2015.
[Crossref]

A. D. Ellis, J. Zhao, and D. Cotter, “Approaching the nonlinear Shannon limit,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 423–433, 2010.
[Crossref]

S. Sygletos, S. J. Fabbri, E. Giacoumidis, M. Sorokina, D. M. Marom, M. F. C. Stephens, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, and A. D. Ellis, “A novel architecture for all-optical add-drop multiplexing of OFDM signals,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Cannes, France, 2014, paper We.1.5.4.

Elschner, R.

T. Richter, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Elschner, T. Kato, T. Tamimura, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Coherent in-line substitution of OFDM subcarriers using fiber-frequency conversion and free-running lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), San Francisco, CA, 2014.

Ercan, B.

D. M. Marom, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and R. Lingle, “Wavelength-selective switch with direct few mode fiber integration,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 5723–5737, 2015.
[Crossref]

S. G. Leon-Saval, N. K. Fontaine, J. R. Salazar-Gil, B. Ercan, R. Ryf, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective photonic lanterns for space-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express, vol. 22, pp. 1036–1044, 2014.
[Crossref]

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, C. Liu, B. Ercan, J. R. Salazar Gil, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and D. T. Neilson, “Few-mode fiberwavelength selective switch with spatial-diversity and reduced-steering angle,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2014, paper Th4A.7.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, B. Guan, R. Scott, B. Ercan, S. J. B. Yoo, L. E. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “30 × 30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.1.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2013, paper PD1.C.4.

Esmaeelpour, M.

D. M. Marom, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and R. Lingle, “Wavelength-selective switch with direct few mode fiber integration,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 5723–5737, 2015.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2013, paper PD1.C.4.

Essiambre, R.

Essiambre, R. J.

N. K. Fontaine, T. Haramaty, R. Ryf, H. Chen, L. Miron, L. Pascar, M. Blau, B. Frenkel, L. Wang, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, R. J. Essiambre, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and D. M. Marom, “Heterogeneous space-division multiplexing and joint wavelength switching demonstration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.5.

Essiambre, R.-J.

K. Nakajima, P. Sillard, D. Richardson, M.-J. Li, R.-J. Essiambre, and S. Matsuo, “Transmission media for an SDM-based optical communication system,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 44–51, 2015.
[Crossref]

Fabbri, S.

D. Klonidis, S. Sygletos, D. M. Marom, S. Fabbri, A. Ellis, E. Pincemin, C. Betoule, G. Thouenon, D. Hillerkuss, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, J. Leuthold, J. Zhao, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, M. Angelou, G. Papastergiou, P. Zakynthinos, and I. Tomkos, “Enabling transparent technologies for the development of highly granular flexible optical cross-connects,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2014, paper We.D1.5.

Fabbri, S. J.

S. J. Fabbri, S. Sygletos, A. Perentos, E. Pincemin, K. Sugden, and A. D. Ellis, “Experimental implementation of an all-optical interferometric drop, add, and extract multiplexer for superchannels,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1351–1357, 2015.
[Crossref]

S. Sygletos, S. J. Fabbri, E. Giacoumidis, M. Sorokina, D. M. Marom, M. F. C. Stephens, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, and A. D. Ellis, “A novel architecture for all-optical add-drop multiplexing of OFDM signals,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Cannes, France, 2014, paper We.1.5.4.

Farjady, F.

F. Farjady, N. Antoniades, R. E. Wagner, and M. J. Yadlowsky, “Value of fiber overlays in WDM metro networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 329–331, 2003.
[Crossref]

Feng, Z.

L. Zong, H. Zhao, Y. Yan, and Z. Feng, “Demonstration of quasi-contentionless flexible ROADM based on a multiport WXC,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 8, pp. A141–A151, 2016.
[Crossref]

L. Zong, H. Zhao, Z. Feng, and Y. Yan, “8 × 8 flexible wavelength cross-connect for CDC ROADM application,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, no. 24, pp. 2603–2606, 2015.
[Crossref]

Y. Yan, H. Zhao, L. Zong, and Z. Feng, “8 × 128 adWSS for CDC ROADM,” in Int. Conf. Photonics in Switching (PS), Florence, Italy, Sept. 2015, paper WeI2.5.

L. Zong, H. Zhao, Z. Feng, and S. Cao, “Demonstration of ultra-compact contentionless-ROADM based on flexible wavelength router,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2014, paper P.4.4.

Fernández-Palacios Giménez, J. P.

E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, E. Kosmatos, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Stavdas, M. Bohn, A. Napoli, T. Rahman, F. Cugini, N. Sambo, S. Frigerio, A. D’Errico, A. Pagano, E. Riccardi, V. López, and J. P. Fernández-Palacios Giménez, “Next generation optical nodes: The vision of the European research project IDEALIST,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 172–181, 2015.
[Crossref]

Ferran, J. F.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, A. Josten, B. Baeuerle, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben Ezra, J. F. Ferran, G. Thouenon, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, C. Betoule, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Flexible optical cross-connects for high bit rate elastic photonic transport networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 8, pp. A126–A140, 2016.
[Crossref]

D. Klonidis, S. Sygletos, D. M. Marom, S. Fabbri, A. Ellis, E. Pincemin, C. Betoule, G. Thouenon, D. Hillerkuss, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, J. Leuthold, J. Zhao, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, M. Angelou, G. Papastergiou, P. Zakynthinos, and I. Tomkos, “Enabling transparent technologies for the development of highly granular flexible optical cross-connects,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2014, paper We.D1.5.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, J. Zhao, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, J. M. Rivas, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Cascaded all-optical sub-channel add/drop multiplexing from a 1-Tb/s super-channel having 2-GHz guard-bands,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

Feuer, M. D.

L. E. Nelson, M. D. Feuer, K. Abedin, X. Zhou, T. F. Taunay, J. M. Fini, B. Zhu, R. Isaac, R. Harel, G. Cohen, and D. M. Marom, “Spatial superchannel routing in a two-span ROADM system for space division multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 783–789, 2014.
[Crossref]

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superchannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 21, pp. 1957–1960, 2012.
[Crossref]

Fini, J.

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 7, pp. 354–362, 2013.
[Crossref]

Fini, J. M.

L. E. Nelson, M. D. Feuer, K. Abedin, X. Zhou, T. F. Taunay, J. M. Fini, B. Zhu, R. Isaac, R. Harel, G. Cohen, and D. M. Marom, “Spatial superchannel routing in a two-span ROADM system for space division multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 783–789, 2014.
[Crossref]

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superchannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 21, pp. 1957–1960, 2012.
[Crossref]

Finn, S. G.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, and R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 780–799, 1996.
[Crossref]

Fishteyn, M.

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superchannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 21, pp. 1957–1960, 2012.
[Crossref]

Fontaine, N. K.

D. M. Marom, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and R. Lingle, “Wavelength-selective switch with direct few mode fiber integration,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 5723–5737, 2015.
[Crossref]

B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, B. Guan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, and G. Li, “All-fiber mode-group-selective photonic lantern using graded-index multimode fibers,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 224–234, 2015.
[Crossref]

S. G. Leon-Saval, N. K. Fontaine, J. R. Salazar-Gil, B. Ercan, R. Ryf, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective photonic lanterns for space-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express, vol. 22, pp. 1036–1044, 2014.
[Crossref]

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and S. G. Leon-Saval, “Geometric requirements for photonic lanterns in space division multiplexing,” Opt. Express, vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 27123–27132, 2012.
[Crossref]

A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, G. Lopez-Galmiche, P. Sillard, D. Van Ras, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Scaling the fabrication of higher order photonic lanterns using microstructured preforms,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Tu.3.3.2.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2013, paper PD1.C.4.

N. K. Fontaine, T. Haramaty, R. Ryf, H. Chen, L. Miron, L. Pascar, M. Blau, B. Frenkel, L. Wang, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, R. J. Essiambre, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and D. M. Marom, “Heterogeneous space-division multiplexing and joint wavelength switching demonstration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.5.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, and D. T. Neilson, “N × M wavelength selective crossconnect with flexible passbands,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2012, paper PDP5B.2.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, C. Liu, B. Ercan, J. R. Salazar Gil, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and D. T. Neilson, “Few-mode fiberwavelength selective switch with spatial-diversity and reduced-steering angle,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2014, paper Th4A.7.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, B. Guan, R. Scott, B. Ercan, S. J. B. Yoo, L. E. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “30 × 30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.1.

Foo, B.

Forchheimer, R.

A. Muhammad, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, and R. Forchheimer, “Routing, spectrum and core allocation in flexgrid SDM networks with multi-core fibers,” in Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2014, pp. 192–197.

Foschini, G. J.

Frahm, R.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Frenkel, B.

L. Pascar, R. Karubi, B. Frenkel, and D. M. Marom, “Port-reconfigurable, wavelength-selective switch array for colorless/directionless/contentionless optical add/drop multiplexing,” presented at Int. Conf. Photonics in Switching (PS), Florence, Italy, Sept. 2015, paper PDP.2.

N. K. Fontaine, T. Haramaty, R. Ryf, H. Chen, L. Miron, L. Pascar, M. Blau, B. Frenkel, L. Wang, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, R. J. Essiambre, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and D. M. Marom, “Heterogeneous space-division multiplexing and joint wavelength switching demonstration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.5.

Freude, W.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Frey, F.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Frigerio, S.

E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, E. Kosmatos, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Stavdas, M. Bohn, A. Napoli, T. Rahman, F. Cugini, N. Sambo, S. Frigerio, A. D’Errico, A. Pagano, E. Riccardi, V. López, and J. P. Fernández-Palacios Giménez, “Next generation optical nodes: The vision of the European research project IDEALIST,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 172–181, 2015.
[Crossref]

Frisken, S.

J. Carpenter, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. R. Salazar-Gil, J. Bland-Hawthorn, G. Baxter, L. Stewart, S. Frisken, M. A. F. Roelens, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “1 × 11 few-mode fiber wavelength selective switch using photonic lanterns,” Opt. Express, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 2216–2221, 2014.
[Crossref]

G. Baxter, S. Frisken, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhou, I. Clarke, A. Bartos, and S. Poole, “Highly programmable wavelength selective switch based on liquid crystal on silicon switching elements,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2006, paper OTuF2.

S. Frisken, G. Baxter, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhou, I. Clarke, and S. Poole, “Flexible and grid-less wavelength selective switch using LCOS technology,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2011, paper OTuM3.

Frisken, S. J.

S. J. Frisken, G. W. Baxter, H. Zhao, and D. Abakoumov, “Optical calibration system and method,” U.S. patent7457547 (Nov.25, 2008).

Fukutoku, M.

K. Suzuki, M. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, G. Takashi, Y. Ikuma, K. Shikama, Y. Ishii, M. Itoh, M. Fukutoku, T. Hashimoto, and Y. Miyamoto, “Wavelength selective switch for multi-core fiber based space division multiplexed network with core-by-core switching capability,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

Gallager, R. G.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, and R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 780–799, 1996.
[Crossref]

Gasparyan, A.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Gates, J.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Gauthier, S.

Y. Loussouarn, E. Pincemin, M. Song, S. Gauthier, Y. Chen, and S. Zhong, “400  Gbps real-time coherent Nyquist-WDM DP-16QAM transmission over legacy G.652 or G.655 fibre infrastructure with 2  dB margins,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2015.

George, R.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Gerstel, O.

D. Klonidis, F. Cugini, O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, V. Lopez, E. Palkopoulou, M. Sekiya, D. Siracusa, G. Thouenon, and C. Betoule, “Spectrally and spatially flexible optical network planning and operations,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 69–78, 2015.
[Crossref]

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 50, no. 2, pp. s12–s20, 2012.
[Crossref]

Giacoumidis, E.

S. Sygletos, S. J. Fabbri, E. Giacoumidis, M. Sorokina, D. M. Marom, M. F. C. Stephens, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, and A. D. Ellis, “A novel architecture for all-optical add-drop multiplexing of OFDM signals,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Cannes, France, 2014, paper We.1.5.4.

Giannone, F.

R. Proietti, L. Liu, R. P. Scott, B. Guan, C. Qin, T. Su, F. Giannone, and S. J. B. Yoo, “3D elastic optical networking in the temporal, spectral, and spatial domains,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2 pp. 79–87, 2015.
[Crossref]

Gibbons, M. A.

D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, J. Leuthold, M. A. Gibbons, and C. R. Giles, “64 channel 4 × 4 wavelength-selective cross-connect for 40  Gb/s channel rates with 10  Tb/s throughput capacity,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2003, pp. 816–817.

Giies, C. R.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Giles, C. R.

R. Ryf, Y. Su, L. Moller, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, D. T. Neilson, and C. R. Giles, “Wavelength blocking filter with flexible data rates and channel spacing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 54–61, 2005.
[Crossref]

D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, J. Leuthold, M. A. Gibbons, and C. R. Giles, “64 channel 4 × 4 wavelength-selective cross-connect for 40  Gb/s channel rates with 10  Tb/s throughput capacity,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2003, pp. 816–817.

Gnauck, A. H.

D. M. Marom, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and R. Lingle, “Wavelength-selective switch with direct few mode fiber integration,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 5723–5737, 2015.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2013, paper PD1.C.4.

Goebel, B.

Golani, O.

N. Goldshtein, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, R. Rudnick, L. Pascar, R. Zektzer, and D. M. Marom, “Fine resolution photonic spectral processor using a waveguide grating router with permanent phase trimming,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 23, pp. 379–385, 2016.
[Crossref]

R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. M. Marom, “Sub-banded/single-sub-carrier drop-demux and flexible spectral shaping with a fine resolution photonic processor,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Cannes, France, 2014, paper PD.4.1.

Goldshtein, N.

Goyal, S.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Greywall, D. S.

D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, C. S. Pai, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. López, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, “Wavelength-selective 1 × K switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: Theory, design, and implementation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 1620–1630, 2005.
[Crossref]

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking filter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 563–569, 2004.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Griffith, J. E.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

D. M. Marom, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and R. Lingle, “Wavelength-selective switch with direct few mode fiber integration,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 5723–5737, 2015.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2013, paper PD1.C.4.

Grüner-Nielsen, L. E.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, B. Guan, R. Scott, B. Ercan, S. J. B. Yoo, L. E. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “30 × 30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.1.

Guan, B.

R. Proietti, L. Liu, R. P. Scott, B. Guan, C. Qin, T. Su, F. Giannone, and S. J. B. Yoo, “3D elastic optical networking in the temporal, spectral, and spatial domains,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2 pp. 79–87, 2015.
[Crossref]

B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, B. Guan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, and G. Li, “All-fiber mode-group-selective photonic lantern using graded-index multimode fibers,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 224–234, 2015.
[Crossref]

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, B. Guan, R. Scott, B. Ercan, S. J. B. Yoo, L. E. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “30 × 30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.1.

Gutiérrez-Castrejón, R.

P. Torres-Ferrera, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, D. M. Marom, R. Gutiérrez-Castrejón, and I. Tomkos, “Filtering effects of cascaded flexgrid ROADMs with high spectral resolution filters on the transmission of Nyquist and quasi-Nyquist WDM superchannels,” in Proc. 13th Int. Conf. Optical Communication Networks (ICOCN), Suzhou, China, 2014, paper M12.6.

Hand, S. J.

S. Melle, A. Deore, O. Turkcu, S. Ahuja, and S. J. Hand, “Comparing optical and OTN switching architectures in next-gen 100  Gb/s networks,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2013, paper NM3F-2.

Haramaty, T.

N. K. Fontaine, T. Haramaty, R. Ryf, H. Chen, L. Miron, L. Pascar, M. Blau, B. Frenkel, L. Wang, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, R. J. Essiambre, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and D. M. Marom, “Heterogeneous space-division multiplexing and joint wavelength switching demonstration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.5.

Harel, R.

Hasegawa, J.

M. Iwama, M. Takahashi, M. Kimura, Y. Uchida, J. Hasegawa, R. Kawahara, and N. Kagi, “LCOS-based flexible grid 1 × 40 wavelength selective switch using planar lightwave circuit as spot size converter,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2015.

Hashimoto, E.

Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, N. Nemoto, E. Hashimoto, O. Moriwaki, and T. Takahashi, “Low-loss transponder aggregator using spatial and planar optical circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 67–72, 2016.
[Crossref]

K. Suzuki, Y. Ikuma, E. Hashimoto, K. Yamaguchi, M. Itoh, and T. Takahashi, “Ultra-high port count wavelength selective switch employing waveguide-based I/O frontend,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2015.

Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, N. Nemoto, E. Hashimoto, O. Moriwaki, and T. Takahashi, “8 × 24 wavelength selective switch for low-loss transponder aggregator,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Mar.2015, paper Th5A.4.

Hashimoto, T.

K. Suzuki, M. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, G. Takashi, Y. Ikuma, K. Shikama, Y. Ishii, M. Itoh, M. Fukutoku, T. Hashimoto, and Y. Miyamoto, “Wavelength selective switch for multi-core fiber based space division multiplexed network with core-by-core switching capability,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

Haueis, M.

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking filter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 563–569, 2004.
[Crossref]

Hemenway, B. R.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, and R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 780–799, 1996.
[Crossref]

Hickey, J. P.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Hillerkuss, D.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, A. Josten, B. Baeuerle, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben Ezra, J. F. Ferran, G. Thouenon, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, C. Betoule, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Flexible optical cross-connects for high bit rate elastic photonic transport networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 8, pp. A126–A140, 2016.
[Crossref]

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

M. Song, E. Pincemin, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, J. Zhao, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, J. M. Rivas, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Cascaded all-optical sub-channel add/drop multiplexing from a 1-Tb/s super-channel having 2-GHz guard-bands,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

D. Klonidis, S. Sygletos, D. M. Marom, S. Fabbri, A. Ellis, E. Pincemin, C. Betoule, G. Thouenon, D. Hillerkuss, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, J. Leuthold, J. Zhao, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, M. Angelou, G. Papastergiou, P. Zakynthinos, and I. Tomkos, “Enabling transparent technologies for the development of highly granular flexible optical cross-connects,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2014, paper We.D1.5.

Hoekman, M.

Hoh, M.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Huang, B.

Huber, G.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Huebner, M.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Huggins, H. A.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Hugues-Salas, E.

E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, E. Kosmatos, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Stavdas, M. Bohn, A. Napoli, T. Rahman, F. Cugini, N. Sambo, S. Frigerio, A. D’Errico, A. Pagano, E. Riccardi, V. López, and J. P. Fernández-Palacios Giménez, “Next generation optical nodes: The vision of the European research project IDEALIST,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 172–181, 2015.
[Crossref]

Ikuma, Y.

Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, N. Nemoto, E. Hashimoto, O. Moriwaki, and T. Takahashi, “Low-loss transponder aggregator using spatial and planar optical circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 67–72, 2016.
[Crossref]

K. Suzuki, M. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, G. Takashi, Y. Ikuma, K. Shikama, Y. Ishii, M. Itoh, M. Fukutoku, T. Hashimoto, and Y. Miyamoto, “Wavelength selective switch for multi-core fiber based space division multiplexed network with core-by-core switching capability,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

N. Nemoto, Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, O. Moriwaki, T. Watanabe, M. Itoh, and T. Takahashi, “8 × 8 wavelength cross connect with add/drop ports integrated in spatial and planar optical circuit,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Tu.3.5.1.

Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, N. Nemoto, E. Hashimoto, O. Moriwaki, and T. Takahashi, “8 × 24 wavelength selective switch for low-loss transponder aggregator,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Mar.2015, paper Th5A.4.

K. Suzuki, Y. Ikuma, E. Hashimoto, K. Yamaguchi, M. Itoh, and T. Takahashi, “Ultra-high port count wavelength selective switch employing waveguide-based I/O frontend,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2015.

Isaac, R.

L. E. Nelson, M. D. Feuer, K. Abedin, X. Zhou, T. F. Taunay, J. M. Fini, B. Zhu, R. Isaac, R. Harel, G. Cohen, and D. M. Marom, “Spatial superchannel routing in a two-span ROADM system for space division multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 783–789, 2014.
[Crossref]

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superchannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 21, pp. 1957–1960, 2012.
[Crossref]

Ishii, Y.

K. Suzuki, M. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, G. Takashi, Y. Ikuma, K. Shikama, Y. Ishii, M. Itoh, M. Fukutoku, T. Hashimoto, and Y. Miyamoto, “Wavelength selective switch for multi-core fiber based space division multiplexed network with core-by-core switching capability,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

Itoh, M.

K. Suzuki, M. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, G. Takashi, Y. Ikuma, K. Shikama, Y. Ishii, M. Itoh, M. Fukutoku, T. Hashimoto, and Y. Miyamoto, “Wavelength selective switch for multi-core fiber based space division multiplexed network with core-by-core switching capability,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

N. Nemoto, Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, O. Moriwaki, T. Watanabe, M. Itoh, and T. Takahashi, “8 × 8 wavelength cross connect with add/drop ports integrated in spatial and planar optical circuit,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Tu.3.5.1.

K. Suzuki, Y. Ikuma, E. Hashimoto, K. Yamaguchi, M. Itoh, and T. Takahashi, “Ultra-high port count wavelength selective switch employing waveguide-based I/O frontend,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2015.

Iwama, M.

M. Iwama, M. Takahashi, Y. Uchida, M. Kimura, R. Kawahara, S.-I. Matsushita, and T. Mukaihara, “Low loss 1 × 93 wavelength selective switch using PLC-based spot size converter,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Valencia, Spain, 2015, paper Mo.4.2.2.

M. Iwama, M. Takahashi, M. Kimura, Y. Uchida, J. Hasegawa, R. Kawahara, and N. Kagi, “LCOS-based flexible grid 1 × 40 wavelength selective switch using planar lightwave circuit as spot size converter,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2015.

Jensen, R.

R. Jensen, A. Lord, and N. Parsons, “Colourless, directionless, contentionless ROADM architecture using low-loss optical matrix switches,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, paper Mo.2.D.2.

Jiménez, F.

B. Shariati, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, S. Ben-Ezra, D. Klonidis, F. Jiménez, L. Velasco, and I. Tomkos, “Evaluation of the impact of different SDM switching strategies in a network planning scenario,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2016, paper Tu2H.4.

B. Shariati, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, S. Ben-Ezra, D. Klonidis, F. Jiménez, L. Velasco, and I. Tomkos, “Investigation of mid-term network migration scenarios comparing multi-band and multi-fiber deployments,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2016, paper Th1E.1.

Jin, S.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Jinno, M.

D. Klonidis, F. Cugini, O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, V. Lopez, E. Palkopoulou, M. Sekiya, D. Siracusa, G. Thouenon, and C. Betoule, “Spectrally and spatially flexible optical network planning and operations,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 69–78, 2015.
[Crossref]

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 50, no. 2, pp. s12–s20, 2012.
[Crossref]

Jordan, M.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Josten, A.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, A. Josten, B. Baeuerle, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben Ezra, J. F. Ferran, G. Thouenon, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, C. Betoule, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Flexible optical cross-connects for high bit rate elastic photonic transport networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 8, pp. A126–A140, 2016.
[Crossref]

D. Klonidis, S. Sygletos, D. M. Marom, S. Fabbri, A. Ellis, E. Pincemin, C. Betoule, G. Thouenon, D. Hillerkuss, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, J. Leuthold, J. Zhao, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, M. Angelou, G. Papastergiou, P. Zakynthinos, and I. Tomkos, “Enabling transparent technologies for the development of highly granular flexible optical cross-connects,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2014, paper We.D1.5.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, J. Zhao, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, J. M. Rivas, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Cascaded all-optical sub-channel add/drop multiplexing from a 1-Tb/s super-channel having 2-GHz guard-bands,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

Jung, Y.

Y. Jung, S. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Compact few-mode fiber collimator and associated optical components for mode division multiplexed transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2016, paper W2A.40.

N. K. Fontaine, T. Haramaty, R. Ryf, H. Chen, L. Miron, L. Pascar, M. Blau, B. Frenkel, L. Wang, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, R. J. Essiambre, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and D. M. Marom, “Heterogeneous space-division multiplexing and joint wavelength switching demonstration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.5.

Kagi, N.

M. Iwama, M. Takahashi, M. Kimura, Y. Uchida, J. Hasegawa, R. Kawahara, and N. Kagi, “LCOS-based flexible grid 1 × 40 wavelength selective switch using planar lightwave circuit as spot size converter,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2015.

Kaminow, I. P.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, and R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 780–799, 1996.
[Crossref]

Kang, Q.

N. K. Fontaine, T. Haramaty, R. Ryf, H. Chen, L. Miron, L. Pascar, M. Blau, B. Frenkel, L. Wang, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, R. J. Essiambre, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and D. M. Marom, “Heterogeneous space-division multiplexing and joint wavelength switching demonstration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.5.

Karubi, R.

L. Pascar, R. Karubi, B. Frenkel, and D. M. Marom, “Port-reconfigurable, wavelength-selective switch array for colorless/directionless/contentionless optical add/drop multiplexing,” presented at Int. Conf. Photonics in Switching (PS), Florence, Italy, Sept. 2015, paper PDP.2.

Kato, T.

T. Richter, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Elschner, T. Kato, T. Tamimura, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Coherent in-line substitution of OFDM subcarriers using fiber-frequency conversion and free-running lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), San Francisco, CA, 2014.

Kawahara, R.

M. Iwama, M. Takahashi, Y. Uchida, M. Kimura, R. Kawahara, S.-I. Matsushita, and T. Mukaihara, “Low loss 1 × 93 wavelength selective switch using PLC-based spot size converter,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Valencia, Spain, 2015, paper Mo.4.2.2.

M. Iwama, M. Takahashi, M. Kimura, Y. Uchida, J. Hasegawa, R. Kawahara, and N. Kagi, “LCOS-based flexible grid 1 × 40 wavelength selective switch using planar lightwave circuit as spot size converter,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2015.

Khodashenas, P.

D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, P. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, E. Salvadori, and I. Tomkos, “Spectral vs. spatial superchannel allocation in SDM networks under independent and joint switching paradigms,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Mo.4.6.2.

Khodashenas, P. S.

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, B. Shariati, D. Klonidis, E. Salvadori, and I. Tomkos, “Comparison of spectral and spatial super-channel allocation schemes for SDM networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 11, pp. 2710–2716, 2016.
[Crossref]

M. Song, E. Pincemin, A. Josten, B. Baeuerle, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben Ezra, J. F. Ferran, G. Thouenon, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, C. Betoule, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Flexible optical cross-connects for high bit rate elastic photonic transport networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 8, pp. A126–A140, 2016.
[Crossref]

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, B. Shariati, D. M. Marom, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Investigation of spectrum granularity for performance optimization of flexible Nyquist-WDM-based optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 33, no. 23, pp. 4767–4774, 2015.
[Crossref]

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, G. Thouénon, C. Betoule, and I. Tomkos, “Impairment-aware resource allocation over flexi-grid network with all-optical add/drop capability,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Valencia, Spain, Sept. 2015, paper P.6.13.

B. Shariati, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, S. Ben-Ezra, D. Klonidis, F. Jiménez, L. Velasco, and I. Tomkos, “Investigation of mid-term network migration scenarios comparing multi-band and multi-fiber deployments,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2016, paper Th1E.1.

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, G. Thouénon, C. Betoule, and E. Pincemin, “Techno-economic analysis of flexi-grid networks with all-optical add/drop capability,” presented at Int. Conf. Photonics in Switching (PS), Florence, Italy, Sept. 2015, paper ThIII2.2.

G. Thouénon, C. Betoule, E. Pincemin, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, and I. Tomkos, “All-optical vs. electrical aggregations CAPEX comparisons in a fully-flexible multi-layer transport network,” presented at the European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), Valencia, Spain, Sept. 2015, paper We.4.5.4.

B. Shariati, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, S. Ben-Ezra, D. Klonidis, F. Jiménez, L. Velasco, and I. Tomkos, “Evaluation of the impact of different SDM switching strategies in a network planning scenario,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2016, paper Tu2H.4.

Kim, J.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Kimura, M.

M. Iwama, M. Takahashi, M. Kimura, Y. Uchida, J. Hasegawa, R. Kawahara, and N. Kagi, “LCOS-based flexible grid 1 × 40 wavelength selective switch using planar lightwave circuit as spot size converter,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2015.

M. Iwama, M. Takahashi, Y. Uchida, M. Kimura, R. Kawahara, S.-I. Matsushita, and T. Mukaihara, “Low loss 1 × 93 wavelength selective switch using PLC-based spot size converter,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Valencia, Spain, 2015, paper Mo.4.2.2.

Kirby, A. J.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, and R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 780–799, 1996.
[Crossref]

Kleinow, P.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Klemens, F. P.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Klonidis, D.

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, B. Shariati, D. Klonidis, E. Salvadori, and I. Tomkos, “Comparison of spectral and spatial super-channel allocation schemes for SDM networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 11, pp. 2710–2716, 2016.
[Crossref]

M. Song, E. Pincemin, A. Josten, B. Baeuerle, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben Ezra, J. F. Ferran, G. Thouenon, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, C. Betoule, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Flexible optical cross-connects for high bit rate elastic photonic transport networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 8, pp. A126–A140, 2016.
[Crossref]

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, B. Shariati, D. M. Marom, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Investigation of spectrum granularity for performance optimization of flexible Nyquist-WDM-based optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 33, no. 23, pp. 4767–4774, 2015.
[Crossref]

D. Klonidis, F. Cugini, O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, V. Lopez, E. Palkopoulou, M. Sekiya, D. Siracusa, G. Thouenon, and C. Betoule, “Spectrally and spatially flexible optical network planning and operations,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 69–78, 2015.
[Crossref]

D. Klonidis, S. Sygletos, D. M. Marom, S. Fabbri, A. Ellis, E. Pincemin, C. Betoule, G. Thouenon, D. Hillerkuss, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, J. Leuthold, J. Zhao, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, M. Angelou, G. Papastergiou, P. Zakynthinos, and I. Tomkos, “Enabling transparent technologies for the development of highly granular flexible optical cross-connects,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2014, paper We.D1.5.

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, G. Thouénon, C. Betoule, and I. Tomkos, “Impairment-aware resource allocation over flexi-grid network with all-optical add/drop capability,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Valencia, Spain, Sept. 2015, paper P.6.13.

S. Sygletos, S. J. Fabbri, E. Giacoumidis, M. Sorokina, D. M. Marom, M. F. C. Stephens, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, and A. D. Ellis, “A novel architecture for all-optical add-drop multiplexing of OFDM signals,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Cannes, France, 2014, paper We.1.5.4.

D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, P. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, E. Salvadori, and I. Tomkos, “Spectral vs. spatial superchannel allocation in SDM networks under independent and joint switching paradigms,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Mo.4.6.2.

P. Torres-Ferrera, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, D. M. Marom, R. Gutiérrez-Castrejón, and I. Tomkos, “Filtering effects of cascaded flexgrid ROADMs with high spectral resolution filters on the transmission of Nyquist and quasi-Nyquist WDM superchannels,” in Proc. 13th Int. Conf. Optical Communication Networks (ICOCN), Suzhou, China, 2014, paper M12.6.

B. Shariati, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, S. Ben-Ezra, D. Klonidis, F. Jiménez, L. Velasco, and I. Tomkos, “Evaluation of the impact of different SDM switching strategies in a network planning scenario,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2016, paper Tu2H.4.

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, G. Thouénon, C. Betoule, and E. Pincemin, “Techno-economic analysis of flexi-grid networks with all-optical add/drop capability,” presented at Int. Conf. Photonics in Switching (PS), Florence, Italy, Sept. 2015, paper ThIII2.2.

B. Shariati, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, S. Ben-Ezra, D. Klonidis, F. Jiménez, L. Velasco, and I. Tomkos, “Investigation of mid-term network migration scenarios comparing multi-band and multi-fiber deployments,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2016, paper Th1E.1.

D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, D. Klonidis, V. Lopez, and E. Salvadori, “Resource allocation policies in SDM optical networks (invited paper),” in Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2015, pp. 168–173.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, J. Zhao, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, J. M. Rivas, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Cascaded all-optical sub-channel add/drop multiplexing from a 1-Tb/s super-channel having 2-GHz guard-bands,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

Ko, L.

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking filter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 563–569, 2004.
[Crossref]

Kobyakov, A.

Koch, T.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, and R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 780–799, 1996.
[Crossref]

Koenig, S.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Kolodner, P.

D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, C. S. Pai, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. López, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, “Wavelength-selective 1 × K switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: Theory, design, and implementation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 1620–1630, 2005.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Koos, C.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Koren, U.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, and R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 780–799, 1996.
[Crossref]

Kosmatos, E.

E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, E. Kosmatos, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Stavdas, M. Bohn, A. Napoli, T. Rahman, F. Cugini, N. Sambo, S. Frigerio, A. D’Errico, A. Pagano, E. Riccardi, V. López, and J. P. Fernández-Palacios Giménez, “Next generation optical nodes: The vision of the European research project IDEALIST,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 172–181, 2015.
[Crossref]

Kramer, G.

Kraus, J.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Kumar, B.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Lai, W. Y.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

LaRochelle, S.

N. K. Fontaine, T. Haramaty, R. Ryf, H. Chen, L. Miron, L. Pascar, M. Blau, B. Frenkel, L. Wang, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, R. J. Essiambre, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and D. M. Marom, “Heterogeneous space-division multiplexing and joint wavelength switching demonstration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.5.

Lee, T. C.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Leinse, A.

Leon-Saval, S. G.

B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, B. Guan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, and G. Li, “All-fiber mode-group-selective photonic lantern using graded-index multimode fibers,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 224–234, 2015.
[Crossref]

D. M. Marom, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and R. Lingle, “Wavelength-selective switch with direct few mode fiber integration,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 5723–5737, 2015.
[Crossref]

J. Carpenter, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. R. Salazar-Gil, J. Bland-Hawthorn, G. Baxter, L. Stewart, S. Frisken, M. A. F. Roelens, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “1 × 11 few-mode fiber wavelength selective switch using photonic lanterns,” Opt. Express, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 2216–2221, 2014.
[Crossref]

S. G. Leon-Saval, N. K. Fontaine, J. R. Salazar-Gil, B. Ercan, R. Ryf, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective photonic lanterns for space-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express, vol. 22, pp. 1036–1044, 2014.
[Crossref]

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and S. G. Leon-Saval, “Geometric requirements for photonic lanterns in space division multiplexing,” Opt. Express, vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 27123–27132, 2012.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2013, paper PD1.C.4.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, C. Liu, B. Ercan, J. R. Salazar Gil, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and D. T. Neilson, “Few-mode fiberwavelength selective switch with spatial-diversity and reduced-steering angle,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2014, paper Th4A.7.

Leuthold, J.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, A. Josten, B. Baeuerle, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben Ezra, J. F. Ferran, G. Thouenon, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, C. Betoule, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Flexible optical cross-connects for high bit rate elastic photonic transport networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 8, pp. A126–A140, 2016.
[Crossref]

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

M. Song, E. Pincemin, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, J. Zhao, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, J. M. Rivas, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Cascaded all-optical sub-channel add/drop multiplexing from a 1-Tb/s super-channel having 2-GHz guard-bands,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, J. Leuthold, M. A. Gibbons, and C. R. Giles, “64 channel 4 × 4 wavelength-selective cross-connect for 40  Gb/s channel rates with 10  Tb/s throughput capacity,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2003, pp. 816–817.

D. Klonidis, S. Sygletos, D. M. Marom, S. Fabbri, A. Ellis, E. Pincemin, C. Betoule, G. Thouenon, D. Hillerkuss, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, J. Leuthold, J. Zhao, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, M. Angelou, G. Papastergiou, P. Zakynthinos, and I. Tomkos, “Enabling transparent technologies for the development of highly granular flexible optical cross-connects,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2014, paper We.D1.5.

Li, G.

Li, J.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Li, M.-J.

K. Nakajima, P. Sillard, D. Richardson, M.-J. Li, R.-J. Essiambre, and S. Matsuo, “Transmission media for an SDM-based optical communication system,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 44–51, 2015.
[Crossref]

J.-K. Rhee, I. Tomkos, and M.-J. Li, “A broadcast-and-select OADM optical network with dedicated optical-channel protection,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 25–31, 2003.
[Crossref]

Lichtenwalner, C.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Lieuwen, D.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Lin, M. T.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Lingle, R.

B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, B. Guan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, and G. Li, “All-fiber mode-group-selective photonic lantern using graded-index multimode fibers,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 224–234, 2015.
[Crossref]

D. M. Marom, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and R. Lingle, “Wavelength-selective switch with direct few mode fiber integration,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 5723–5737, 2015.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2013, paper PD1.C.4.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, B. Guan, R. Scott, B. Ercan, S. J. B. Yoo, L. E. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “30 × 30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.1.

Liu, C.

D. M. Marom, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and R. Lingle, “Wavelength-selective switch with direct few mode fiber integration,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 5723–5737, 2015.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2013, paper PD1.C.4.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, C. Liu, B. Ercan, J. R. Salazar Gil, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and D. T. Neilson, “Few-mode fiberwavelength selective switch with spatial-diversity and reduced-steering angle,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2014, paper Th4A.7.

Liu, J. Q.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Liu, L.

R. Proietti, L. Liu, R. P. Scott, B. Guan, C. Qin, T. Su, F. Giannone, and S. J. B. Yoo, “3D elastic optical networking in the temporal, spectral, and spatial domains,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2 pp. 79–87, 2015.
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

R. Ryf, Y. Su, L. Moller, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, D. T. Neilson, and C. R. Giles, “Wavelength blocking filter with flexible data rates and channel spacing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 54–61, 2005.
[Crossref]

Lopez, D. O.

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking filter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 563–569, 2004.
[Crossref]

Lopez, V.

D. Klonidis, F. Cugini, O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, V. Lopez, E. Palkopoulou, M. Sekiya, D. Siracusa, G. Thouenon, and C. Betoule, “Spectrally and spatially flexible optical network planning and operations,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 69–78, 2015.
[Crossref]

D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, D. Klonidis, V. Lopez, and E. Salvadori, “Resource allocation policies in SDM optical networks (invited paper),” in Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2015, pp. 168–173.

López, D. O.

López, V.

E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, E. Kosmatos, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Stavdas, M. Bohn, A. Napoli, T. Rahman, F. Cugini, N. Sambo, S. Frigerio, A. D’Errico, A. Pagano, E. Riccardi, V. López, and J. P. Fernández-Palacios Giménez, “Next generation optical nodes: The vision of the European research project IDEALIST,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 172–181, 2015.
[Crossref]

Lopez-Galmiche, G.

A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, G. Lopez-Galmiche, P. Sillard, D. Van Ras, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Scaling the fabrication of higher order photonic lanterns using microstructured preforms,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Tu.3.3.2.

Lord, A.

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 50, no. 2, pp. s12–s20, 2012.
[Crossref]

R. Jensen, A. Lord, and N. Parsons, “Colourless, directionless, contentionless ROADM architecture using low-loss optical matrix switches,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, paper Mo.2.D.2.

Loussouarn, Y.

Y. Loussouarn, E. Pincemin, M. Song, S. Gauthier, Y. Chen, and S. Zhong, “400  Gbps real-time coherent Nyquist-WDM DP-16QAM transmission over legacy G.652 or G.655 fibre infrastructure with 2  dB margins,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2015.

Low, Y.

Low, Y. L.

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking filter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 563–569, 2004.
[Crossref]

Lowery, A. J.

Ludwig, A.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Lutz, J.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Mansfield, W. M.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Marculescu, A.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Marom, D. M.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, A. Josten, B. Baeuerle, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben Ezra, J. F. Ferran, G. Thouenon, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, C. Betoule, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Flexible optical cross-connects for high bit rate elastic photonic transport networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 8, pp. A126–A140, 2016.
[Crossref]

N. Goldshtein, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, R. Rudnick, L. Pascar, R. Zektzer, and D. M. Marom, “Fine resolution photonic spectral processor using a waveguide grating router with permanent phase trimming,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 23, pp. 379–385, 2016.
[Crossref]

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, B. Shariati, D. M. Marom, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Investigation of spectrum granularity for performance optimization of flexible Nyquist-WDM-based optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 33, no. 23, pp. 4767–4774, 2015.
[Crossref]

D. M. Marom, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and R. Lingle, “Wavelength-selective switch with direct few mode fiber integration,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 5723–5737, 2015.
[Crossref]

D. M. Marom and M. Blau, “Switching solutions for WDM-SDM optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 60–68, 2015.
[Crossref]

L. E. Nelson, M. D. Feuer, K. Abedin, X. Zhou, T. F. Taunay, J. M. Fini, B. Zhu, R. Isaac, R. Harel, G. Cohen, and D. M. Marom, “Spatial superchannel routing in a two-span ROADM system for space division multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 783–789, 2014.
[Crossref]

D. Sinefeld and D. M. Marom, “Insertion loss and crosstalk analysis of a fiber switch based on a pixelized phase modulator,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, pp. 69–77, 2011.
[Crossref]

D. T. Nelson, C. R. Doerr, D. M. Marom, R. Ryf, and M. P. Earnshaw, “Wavelength selective switching for optical bandwidth management,” Bell Labs Tech. J., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 105–128, 2006.
[Crossref]

D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, C. S. Pai, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. López, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, “Wavelength-selective 1 × K switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: Theory, design, and implementation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 1620–1630, 2005.
[Crossref]

D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, J. Leuthold, M. A. Gibbons, and C. R. Giles, “64 channel 4 × 4 wavelength-selective cross-connect for 40  Gb/s channel rates with 10  Tb/s throughput capacity,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2003, pp. 816–817.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, J. Zhao, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, J. M. Rivas, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Cascaded all-optical sub-channel add/drop multiplexing from a 1-Tb/s super-channel having 2-GHz guard-bands,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

L. Pascar, R. Karubi, B. Frenkel, and D. M. Marom, “Port-reconfigurable, wavelength-selective switch array for colorless/directionless/contentionless optical add/drop multiplexing,” presented at Int. Conf. Photonics in Switching (PS), Florence, Italy, Sept. 2015, paper PDP.2.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2013, paper PD1.C.4.

R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. M. Marom, “Sub-banded/single-sub-carrier drop-demux and flexible spectral shaping with a fine resolution photonic processor,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Cannes, France, 2014, paper PD.4.1.

N. K. Fontaine, T. Haramaty, R. Ryf, H. Chen, L. Miron, L. Pascar, M. Blau, B. Frenkel, L. Wang, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, R. J. Essiambre, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and D. M. Marom, “Heterogeneous space-division multiplexing and joint wavelength switching demonstration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.5.

D. Klonidis, S. Sygletos, D. M. Marom, S. Fabbri, A. Ellis, E. Pincemin, C. Betoule, G. Thouenon, D. Hillerkuss, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, J. Leuthold, J. Zhao, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, M. Angelou, G. Papastergiou, P. Zakynthinos, and I. Tomkos, “Enabling transparent technologies for the development of highly granular flexible optical cross-connects,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2014, paper We.D1.5.

S. Sygletos, S. J. Fabbri, E. Giacoumidis, M. Sorokina, D. M. Marom, M. F. C. Stephens, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, and A. D. Ellis, “A novel architecture for all-optical add-drop multiplexing of OFDM signals,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Cannes, France, 2014, paper We.1.5.4.

P. Torres-Ferrera, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, D. M. Marom, R. Gutiérrez-Castrejón, and I. Tomkos, “Filtering effects of cascaded flexgrid ROADMs with high spectral resolution filters on the transmission of Nyquist and quasi-Nyquist WDM superchannels,” in Proc. 13th Int. Conf. Optical Communication Networks (ICOCN), Suzhou, China, 2014, paper M12.6.

Marquis, D.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, and R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 780–799, 1996.
[Crossref]

Matsuo, S.

K. Nakajima, P. Sillard, D. Richardson, M.-J. Li, R.-J. Essiambre, and S. Matsuo, “Transmission media for an SDM-based optical communication system,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 44–51, 2015.
[Crossref]

Matsushita, S.-I.

M. Iwama, M. Takahashi, Y. Uchida, M. Kimura, R. Kawahara, S.-I. Matsushita, and T. Mukaihara, “Low loss 1 × 93 wavelength selective switch using PLC-based spot size converter,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Valencia, Spain, 2015, paper Mo.4.2.2.

Mavoori, H.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Mehendale, M.

Melle, S.

S. Melle, A. Deore, O. Turkcu, S. Ahuja, and S. J. Hand, “Comparing optical and OTN switching architectures in next-gen 100  Gb/s networks,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2013, paper NM3F-2.

Messaddeq, Y.

N. K. Fontaine, T. Haramaty, R. Ryf, H. Chen, L. Miron, L. Pascar, M. Blau, B. Frenkel, L. Wang, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, R. J. Essiambre, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and D. M. Marom, “Heterogeneous space-division multiplexing and joint wavelength switching demonstration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.5.

Meyer, J.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Miron, L.

N. K. Fontaine, T. Haramaty, R. Ryf, H. Chen, L. Miron, L. Pascar, M. Blau, B. Frenkel, L. Wang, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, R. J. Essiambre, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and D. M. Marom, “Heterogeneous space-division multiplexing and joint wavelength switching demonstration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.5.

Miyamoto, Y.

K. Suzuki, M. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, G. Takashi, Y. Ikuma, K. Shikama, Y. Ishii, M. Itoh, M. Fukutoku, T. Hashimoto, and Y. Miyamoto, “Wavelength selective switch for multi-core fiber based space division multiplexed network with core-by-core switching capability,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

Moeller, M.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Moller, L.

R. Ryf, Y. Su, L. Moller, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, D. T. Neilson, and C. R. Giles, “Wavelength blocking filter with flexible data rates and channel spacing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 54–61, 2005.
[Crossref]

Montoliu, M.

D. M. Marom, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and R. Lingle, “Wavelength-selective switch with direct few mode fiber integration,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 5723–5737, 2015.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2013, paper PD1.C.4.

Moriwaki, O.

Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, N. Nemoto, E. Hashimoto, O. Moriwaki, and T. Takahashi, “Low-loss transponder aggregator using spatial and planar optical circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 67–72, 2016.
[Crossref]

Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, N. Nemoto, E. Hashimoto, O. Moriwaki, and T. Takahashi, “8 × 24 wavelength selective switch for low-loss transponder aggregator,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Mar.2015, paper Th5A.4.

N. Nemoto, Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, O. Moriwaki, T. Watanabe, M. Itoh, and T. Takahashi, “8 × 8 wavelength cross connect with add/drop ports integrated in spatial and planar optical circuit,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Tu.3.5.1.

Morris, M. D.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Muhammad, A.

A. Muhammad, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, and R. Forchheimer, “Routing, spectrum and core allocation in flexgrid SDM networks with multi-core fibers,” in Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2014, pp. 192–197.

Mukaihara, T.

M. Iwama, M. Takahashi, Y. Uchida, M. Kimura, R. Kawahara, S.-I. Matsushita, and T. Mukaihara, “Low loss 1 × 93 wavelength selective switch using PLC-based spot size converter,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Valencia, Spain, 2015, paper Mo.4.2.2.

Mukherjee, B.

R. Ramamurthy and B. Mukherjee, “Fixed-alternate routing and wavelength conversion in wavelength-routed optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 351–367, 2002.
[Crossref]

Muratov, V.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Nakajima, K.

K. Nakajima, P. Sillard, D. Richardson, M.-J. Li, R.-J. Essiambre, and S. Matsuo, “Transmission media for an SDM-based optical communication system,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 44–51, 2015.
[Crossref]

Nakajima, M.

K. Suzuki, M. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, G. Takashi, Y. Ikuma, K. Shikama, Y. Ishii, M. Itoh, M. Fukutoku, T. Hashimoto, and Y. Miyamoto, “Wavelength selective switch for multi-core fiber based space division multiplexed network with core-by-core switching capability,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

Napoli, A.

E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, E. Kosmatos, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Stavdas, M. Bohn, A. Napoli, T. Rahman, F. Cugini, N. Sambo, S. Frigerio, A. D’Errico, A. Pagano, E. Riccardi, V. López, and J. P. Fernández-Palacios Giménez, “Next generation optical nodes: The vision of the European research project IDEALIST,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 172–181, 2015.
[Crossref]

Narkiss, N.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Nazarathy, M.

R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. M. Marom, “Sub-banded/single-sub-carrier drop-demux and flexible spectral shaping with a fine resolution photonic processor,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Cannes, France, 2014, paper PD.4.1.

Nebendahl, B.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Neilson, D. T.

D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, C. S. Pai, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. López, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, “Wavelength-selective 1 × K switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: Theory, design, and implementation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 1620–1630, 2005.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, Y. Su, L. Moller, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, D. T. Neilson, and C. R. Giles, “Wavelength blocking filter with flexible data rates and channel spacing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 54–61, 2005.
[Crossref]

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking filter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 563–569, 2004.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, J. Leuthold, M. A. Gibbons, and C. R. Giles, “64 channel 4 × 4 wavelength-selective cross-connect for 40  Gb/s channel rates with 10  Tb/s throughput capacity,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2003, pp. 816–817.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, C. Liu, B. Ercan, J. R. Salazar Gil, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and D. T. Neilson, “Few-mode fiberwavelength selective switch with spatial-diversity and reduced-steering angle,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2014, paper Th4A.7.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, and D. T. Neilson, “N × M wavelength selective crossconnect with flexible passbands,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2012, paper PDP5B.2.

Nelson, D. T.

D. T. Nelson, C. R. Doerr, D. M. Marom, R. Ryf, and M. P. Earnshaw, “Wavelength selective switching for optical bandwidth management,” Bell Labs Tech. J., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 105–128, 2006.
[Crossref]

Nelson, L.

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 7, pp. 354–362, 2013.
[Crossref]

Nelson, L. E.

L. E. Nelson, M. D. Feuer, K. Abedin, X. Zhou, T. F. Taunay, J. M. Fini, B. Zhu, R. Isaac, R. Harel, G. Cohen, and D. M. Marom, “Spatial superchannel routing in a two-span ROADM system for space division multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 783–789, 2014.
[Crossref]

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superchannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 21, pp. 1957–1960, 2012.
[Crossref]

Nemoto, N.

Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, N. Nemoto, E. Hashimoto, O. Moriwaki, and T. Takahashi, “Low-loss transponder aggregator using spatial and planar optical circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 67–72, 2016.
[Crossref]

N. Nemoto, Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, O. Moriwaki, T. Watanabe, M. Itoh, and T. Takahashi, “8 × 8 wavelength cross connect with add/drop ports integrated in spatial and planar optical circuit,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Tu.3.5.1.

Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, N. Nemoto, E. Hashimoto, O. Moriwaki, and T. Takahashi, “8 × 24 wavelength selective switch for low-loss transponder aggregator,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Mar.2015, paper Th5A.4.

Nijander, C.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Nuzman, C.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Oehler, A.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Okonkwo, C.

A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, G. Lopez-Galmiche, P. Sillard, D. Van Ras, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Scaling the fabrication of higher order photonic lanterns using microstructured preforms,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Tu.3.3.2.

Orphanoudakis, T.

E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, E. Kosmatos, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Stavdas, M. Bohn, A. Napoli, T. Rahman, F. Cugini, N. Sambo, S. Frigerio, A. D’Errico, A. Pagano, E. Riccardi, V. López, and J. P. Fernández-Palacios Giménez, “Next generation optical nodes: The vision of the European research project IDEALIST,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 172–181, 2015.
[Crossref]

Ozveren, C. M.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, and R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 780–799, 1996.
[Crossref]

Pagano, A.

E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, E. Kosmatos, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Stavdas, M. Bohn, A. Napoli, T. Rahman, F. Cugini, N. Sambo, S. Frigerio, A. D’Errico, A. Pagano, E. Riccardi, V. López, and J. P. Fernández-Palacios Giménez, “Next generation optical nodes: The vision of the European research project IDEALIST,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 172–181, 2015.
[Crossref]

Pai, C. S.

D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, C. S. Pai, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. López, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, “Wavelength-selective 1 × K switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: Theory, design, and implementation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 1620–1630, 2005.
[Crossref]

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking filter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 563–569, 2004.
[Crossref]

Palkopoulou, E.

D. Klonidis, F. Cugini, O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, V. Lopez, E. Palkopoulou, M. Sekiya, D. Siracusa, G. Thouenon, and C. Betoule, “Spectrally and spatially flexible optical network planning and operations,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 69–78, 2015.
[Crossref]

I. Tomkos, S. Azodolmolky, J. Solé-Pareta, D. Careglio, and E. Palkopoulou, “A tutorial on the flexible optical networking paradigm: State-of-the-art, trends, and research challenges,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 102, no. 9, pp. 1317–1337, 2014.
[Crossref]

Papastergiou, G.

D. Klonidis, S. Sygletos, D. M. Marom, S. Fabbri, A. Ellis, E. Pincemin, C. Betoule, G. Thouenon, D. Hillerkuss, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, J. Leuthold, J. Zhao, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, M. Angelou, G. Papastergiou, P. Zakynthinos, and I. Tomkos, “Enabling transparent technologies for the development of highly granular flexible optical cross-connects,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2014, paper We.D1.5.

Papazian, R.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Pardo, F.

D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, C. S. Pai, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. López, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, “Wavelength-selective 1 × K switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: Theory, design, and implementation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 1620–1630, 2005.
[Crossref]

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking filter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 563–569, 2004.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Parikh, S. A.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, and R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 780–799, 1996.
[Crossref]

Parmigiani, F.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Parsons, N.

R. Jensen, A. Lord, and N. Parsons, “Colourless, directionless, contentionless ROADM architecture using low-loss optical matrix switches,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, paper Mo.2.D.2.

Pascar, L.

N. Goldshtein, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, R. Rudnick, L. Pascar, R. Zektzer, and D. M. Marom, “Fine resolution photonic spectral processor using a waveguide grating router with permanent phase trimming,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 23, pp. 379–385, 2016.
[Crossref]

N. K. Fontaine, T. Haramaty, R. Ryf, H. Chen, L. Miron, L. Pascar, M. Blau, B. Frenkel, L. Wang, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, R. J. Essiambre, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and D. M. Marom, “Heterogeneous space-division multiplexing and joint wavelength switching demonstration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.5.

L. Pascar, R. Karubi, B. Frenkel, and D. M. Marom, “Port-reconfigurable, wavelength-selective switch array for colorless/directionless/contentionless optical add/drop multiplexing,” presented at Int. Conf. Photonics in Switching (PS), Florence, Italy, Sept. 2015, paper PDP.2.

Pau, S.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Pederzolli, F.

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, B. Shariati, D. Klonidis, E. Salvadori, and I. Tomkos, “Comparison of spectral and spatial super-channel allocation schemes for SDM networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 11, pp. 2710–2716, 2016.
[Crossref]

D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, P. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, E. Salvadori, and I. Tomkos, “Spectral vs. spatial superchannel allocation in SDM networks under independent and joint switching paradigms,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Mo.4.6.2.

D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, D. Klonidis, V. Lopez, and E. Salvadori, “Resource allocation policies in SDM optical networks (invited paper),” in Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2015, pp. 168–173.

Perentos, A.

Petropoulos, P.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Pincemin, E.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, A. Josten, B. Baeuerle, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben Ezra, J. F. Ferran, G. Thouenon, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, C. Betoule, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Flexible optical cross-connects for high bit rate elastic photonic transport networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 8, pp. A126–A140, 2016.
[Crossref]

S. J. Fabbri, S. Sygletos, A. Perentos, E. Pincemin, K. Sugden, and A. D. Ellis, “Experimental implementation of an all-optical interferometric drop, add, and extract multiplexer for superchannels,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1351–1357, 2015.
[Crossref]

Y. Loussouarn, E. Pincemin, M. Song, S. Gauthier, Y. Chen, and S. Zhong, “400  Gbps real-time coherent Nyquist-WDM DP-16QAM transmission over legacy G.652 or G.655 fibre infrastructure with 2  dB margins,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2015.

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, G. Thouénon, C. Betoule, and E. Pincemin, “Techno-economic analysis of flexi-grid networks with all-optical add/drop capability,” presented at Int. Conf. Photonics in Switching (PS), Florence, Italy, Sept. 2015, paper ThIII2.2.

G. Thouénon, C. Betoule, E. Pincemin, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, and I. Tomkos, “All-optical vs. electrical aggregations CAPEX comparisons in a fully-flexible multi-layer transport network,” presented at the European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), Valencia, Spain, Sept. 2015, paper We.4.5.4.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, J. Zhao, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, J. M. Rivas, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Cascaded all-optical sub-channel add/drop multiplexing from a 1-Tb/s super-channel having 2-GHz guard-bands,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

D. Klonidis, S. Sygletos, D. M. Marom, S. Fabbri, A. Ellis, E. Pincemin, C. Betoule, G. Thouenon, D. Hillerkuss, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, J. Leuthold, J. Zhao, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, M. Angelou, G. Papastergiou, P. Zakynthinos, and I. Tomkos, “Enabling transparent technologies for the development of highly granular flexible optical cross-connects,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2014, paper We.D1.5.

Poole, S.

S. Frisken, G. Baxter, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhou, I. Clarke, and S. Poole, “Flexible and grid-less wavelength selective switch using LCOS technology,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2011, paper OTuM3.

G. Baxter, S. Frisken, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhou, I. Clarke, A. Bartos, and S. Poole, “Highly programmable wavelength selective switch based on liquid crystal on silicon switching elements,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2006, paper OTuF2.

Proietti, R.

R. Proietti, L. Liu, R. P. Scott, B. Guan, C. Qin, T. Su, F. Giannone, and S. J. B. Yoo, “3D elastic optical networking in the temporal, spectral, and spatial domains,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2 pp. 79–87, 2015.
[Crossref]

Prybyla, J.

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking filter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 563–569, 2004.
[Crossref]

Prybyla, J. A.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Qin, C.

R. Proietti, L. Liu, R. P. Scott, B. Guan, C. Qin, T. Su, F. Giannone, and S. J. B. Yoo, “3D elastic optical networking in the temporal, spectral, and spatial domains,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2 pp. 79–87, 2015.
[Crossref]

Rahman, T.

E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, E. Kosmatos, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Stavdas, M. Bohn, A. Napoli, T. Rahman, F. Cugini, N. Sambo, S. Frigerio, A. D’Errico, A. Pagano, E. Riccardi, V. López, and J. P. Fernández-Palacios Giménez, “Next generation optical nodes: The vision of the European research project IDEALIST,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 172–181, 2015.
[Crossref]

Ramamurthy, R.

R. Ramamurthy and B. Mukherjee, “Fixed-alternate routing and wavelength conversion in wavelength-routed optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 351–367, 2002.
[Crossref]

Ramirez, A.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Ramsey, D.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Ramsey, D. A.

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking filter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 563–569, 2004.
[Crossref]

Randel, S.

D. M. Marom, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and R. Lingle, “Wavelength-selective switch with direct few mode fiber integration,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 5723–5737, 2015.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2013, paper PD1.C.4.

Resan, B.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Rhee, J.-K.

Riccardi, E.

E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, E. Kosmatos, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Stavdas, M. Bohn, A. Napoli, T. Rahman, F. Cugini, N. Sambo, S. Frigerio, A. D’Errico, A. Pagano, E. Riccardi, V. López, and J. P. Fernández-Palacios Giménez, “Next generation optical nodes: The vision of the European research project IDEALIST,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 172–181, 2015.
[Crossref]

Richardson, D.

K. Nakajima, P. Sillard, D. Richardson, M.-J. Li, R.-J. Essiambre, and S. Matsuo, “Transmission media for an SDM-based optical communication system,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 44–51, 2015.
[Crossref]

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 7, pp. 354–362, 2013.
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

N. K. Fontaine, T. Haramaty, R. Ryf, H. Chen, L. Miron, L. Pascar, M. Blau, B. Frenkel, L. Wang, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, R. J. Essiambre, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and D. M. Marom, “Heterogeneous space-division multiplexing and joint wavelength switching demonstration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.5.

Y. Jung, S. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Compact few-mode fiber collimator and associated optical components for mode division multiplexed transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2016, paper W2A.40.

Richter, T.

T. Richter, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Elschner, T. Kato, T. Tamimura, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Coherent in-line substitution of OFDM subcarriers using fiber-frequency conversion and free-running lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), San Francisco, CA, 2014.

Rivas, J. M.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, J. Zhao, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, J. M. Rivas, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Cascaded all-optical sub-channel add/drop multiplexing from a 1-Tb/s super-channel having 2-GHz guard-bands,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

Rivas-Moscoso, J. M.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, A. Josten, B. Baeuerle, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben Ezra, J. F. Ferran, G. Thouenon, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, C. Betoule, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Flexible optical cross-connects for high bit rate elastic photonic transport networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 8, pp. A126–A140, 2016.
[Crossref]

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, B. Shariati, D. Klonidis, E. Salvadori, and I. Tomkos, “Comparison of spectral and spatial super-channel allocation schemes for SDM networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 11, pp. 2710–2716, 2016.
[Crossref]

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, B. Shariati, D. M. Marom, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Investigation of spectrum granularity for performance optimization of flexible Nyquist-WDM-based optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 33, no. 23, pp. 4767–4774, 2015.
[Crossref]

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, G. Thouénon, C. Betoule, and I. Tomkos, “Impairment-aware resource allocation over flexi-grid network with all-optical add/drop capability,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Valencia, Spain, Sept. 2015, paper P.6.13.

P. Torres-Ferrera, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, D. M. Marom, R. Gutiérrez-Castrejón, and I. Tomkos, “Filtering effects of cascaded flexgrid ROADMs with high spectral resolution filters on the transmission of Nyquist and quasi-Nyquist WDM superchannels,” in Proc. 13th Int. Conf. Optical Communication Networks (ICOCN), Suzhou, China, 2014, paper M12.6.

D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, P. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, E. Salvadori, and I. Tomkos, “Spectral vs. spatial superchannel allocation in SDM networks under independent and joint switching paradigms,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Mo.4.6.2.

B. Shariati, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, S. Ben-Ezra, D. Klonidis, F. Jiménez, L. Velasco, and I. Tomkos, “Investigation of mid-term network migration scenarios comparing multi-band and multi-fiber deployments,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2016, paper Th1E.1.

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, G. Thouénon, C. Betoule, and E. Pincemin, “Techno-economic analysis of flexi-grid networks with all-optical add/drop capability,” presented at Int. Conf. Photonics in Switching (PS), Florence, Italy, Sept. 2015, paper ThIII2.2.

G. Thouénon, C. Betoule, E. Pincemin, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, and I. Tomkos, “All-optical vs. electrical aggregations CAPEX comparisons in a fully-flexible multi-layer transport network,” presented at the European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), Valencia, Spain, Sept. 2015, paper We.4.5.4.

B. Shariati, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, S. Ben-Ezra, D. Klonidis, F. Jiménez, L. Velasco, and I. Tomkos, “Evaluation of the impact of different SDM switching strategies in a network planning scenario,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2016, paper Tu2H.4.

Roeger, M.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Roelens, M. A. F.

Roeloffzen, C. G. H.

Rosamilia, J. M.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Rudnick, R.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, A. Josten, B. Baeuerle, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben Ezra, J. F. Ferran, G. Thouenon, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, C. Betoule, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Flexible optical cross-connects for high bit rate elastic photonic transport networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 8, pp. A126–A140, 2016.
[Crossref]

N. Goldshtein, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, R. Rudnick, L. Pascar, R. Zektzer, and D. M. Marom, “Fine resolution photonic spectral processor using a waveguide grating router with permanent phase trimming,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 23, pp. 379–385, 2016.
[Crossref]

R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. M. Marom, “Sub-banded/single-sub-carrier drop-demux and flexible spectral shaping with a fine resolution photonic processor,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Cannes, France, 2014, paper PD.4.1.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, J. Zhao, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, J. M. Rivas, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Cascaded all-optical sub-channel add/drop multiplexing from a 1-Tb/s super-channel having 2-GHz guard-bands,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

Ruel, R.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Ryf, R.

B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, B. Guan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, and G. Li, “All-fiber mode-group-selective photonic lantern using graded-index multimode fibers,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 224–234, 2015.
[Crossref]

D. M. Marom, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and R. Lingle, “Wavelength-selective switch with direct few mode fiber integration,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 5723–5737, 2015.
[Crossref]

S. G. Leon-Saval, N. K. Fontaine, J. R. Salazar-Gil, B. Ercan, R. Ryf, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective photonic lanterns for space-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express, vol. 22, pp. 1036–1044, 2014.
[Crossref]

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and S. G. Leon-Saval, “Geometric requirements for photonic lanterns in space division multiplexing,” Opt. Express, vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 27123–27132, 2012.
[Crossref]

D. T. Nelson, C. R. Doerr, D. M. Marom, R. Ryf, and M. P. Earnshaw, “Wavelength selective switching for optical bandwidth management,” Bell Labs Tech. J., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 105–128, 2006.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, Y. Su, L. Moller, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, D. T. Neilson, and C. R. Giles, “Wavelength blocking filter with flexible data rates and channel spacing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 54–61, 2005.
[Crossref]

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking filter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 563–569, 2004.
[Crossref]

A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, G. Lopez-Galmiche, P. Sillard, D. Van Ras, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Scaling the fabrication of higher order photonic lanterns using microstructured preforms,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Tu.3.3.2.

N. K. Fontaine, T. Haramaty, R. Ryf, H. Chen, L. Miron, L. Pascar, M. Blau, B. Frenkel, L. Wang, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, R. J. Essiambre, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and D. M. Marom, “Heterogeneous space-division multiplexing and joint wavelength switching demonstration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.5.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2013, paper PD1.C.4.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, C. Liu, B. Ercan, J. R. Salazar Gil, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and D. T. Neilson, “Few-mode fiberwavelength selective switch with spatial-diversity and reduced-steering angle,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2014, paper Th4A.7.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, B. Guan, R. Scott, B. Ercan, S. J. B. Yoo, L. E. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “30 × 30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.1.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, and D. T. Neilson, “N × M wavelength selective crossconnect with flexible passbands,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2012, paper PDP5B.2.

Sahu, J. K.

N. K. Fontaine, T. Haramaty, R. Ryf, H. Chen, L. Miron, L. Pascar, M. Blau, B. Frenkel, L. Wang, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, R. J. Essiambre, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and D. M. Marom, “Heterogeneous space-division multiplexing and joint wavelength switching demonstration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.5.

Salazar Gil, J. R.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, C. Liu, B. Ercan, J. R. Salazar Gil, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and D. T. Neilson, “Few-mode fiberwavelength selective switch with spatial-diversity and reduced-steering angle,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2014, paper Th4A.7.

Salazar-Gil, J. R.

Saleh, A. A. M.

J. M. Simmons and A. A. M. Saleh, “Wavelength-selective CDC ROADM designs using reduced-sized optical cross-connects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, no. 20, pp. 2174–2177, 2015.
[Crossref]

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, and R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 780–799, 1996.
[Crossref]

Salvadori, E.

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, B. Shariati, D. Klonidis, E. Salvadori, and I. Tomkos, “Comparison of spectral and spatial super-channel allocation schemes for SDM networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 11, pp. 2710–2716, 2016.
[Crossref]

D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, P. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, E. Salvadori, and I. Tomkos, “Spectral vs. spatial superchannel allocation in SDM networks under independent and joint switching paradigms,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Mo.4.6.2.

D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, D. Klonidis, V. Lopez, and E. Salvadori, “Resource allocation policies in SDM optical networks (invited paper),” in Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2015, pp. 168–173.

Sambo, N.

E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, E. Kosmatos, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Stavdas, M. Bohn, A. Napoli, T. Rahman, F. Cugini, N. Sambo, S. Frigerio, A. D’Errico, A. Pagano, E. Riccardi, V. López, and J. P. Fernández-Palacios Giménez, “Next generation optical nodes: The vision of the European research project IDEALIST,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 172–181, 2015.
[Crossref]

Schellinger, T.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Schmidt-Langhorst, C.

T. Richter, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Elschner, T. Kato, T. Tamimura, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Coherent in-line substitution of OFDM subcarriers using fiber-frequency conversion and free-running lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), San Francisco, CA, 2014.

Schmogrow, R.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Schofield, B.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, and R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 780–799, 1996.
[Crossref]

Schröder, J.

Schubert, C.

T. Richter, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Elschner, T. Kato, T. Tamimura, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Coherent in-line substitution of OFDM subcarriers using fiber-frequency conversion and free-running lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), San Francisco, CA, 2014.

Scott, R.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, B. Guan, R. Scott, B. Ercan, S. J. B. Yoo, L. E. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “30 × 30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.1.

Scott, R. P.

R. Proietti, L. Liu, R. P. Scott, B. Guan, C. Qin, T. Su, F. Giannone, and S. J. B. Yoo, “3D elastic optical networking in the temporal, spectral, and spatial domains,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2 pp. 79–87, 2015.
[Crossref]

Scotti, R.

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking filter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 563–569, 2004.
[Crossref]

Sekiya, M.

D. Klonidis, F. Cugini, O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, V. Lopez, E. Palkopoulou, M. Sekiya, D. Siracusa, G. Thouenon, and C. Betoule, “Spectrally and spatially flexible optical network planning and operations,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 69–78, 2015.
[Crossref]

Shariati, B.

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, B. Shariati, D. Klonidis, E. Salvadori, and I. Tomkos, “Comparison of spectral and spatial super-channel allocation schemes for SDM networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 11, pp. 2710–2716, 2016.
[Crossref]

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, B. Shariati, D. M. Marom, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Investigation of spectrum granularity for performance optimization of flexible Nyquist-WDM-based optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 33, no. 23, pp. 4767–4774, 2015.
[Crossref]

B. Shariati, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, S. Ben-Ezra, D. Klonidis, F. Jiménez, L. Velasco, and I. Tomkos, “Evaluation of the impact of different SDM switching strategies in a network planning scenario,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2016, paper Tu2H.4.

B. Shariati, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, S. Ben-Ezra, D. Klonidis, F. Jiménez, L. Velasco, and I. Tomkos, “Investigation of mid-term network migration scenarios comparing multi-band and multi-fiber deployments,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2016, paper Th1E.1.

Sharma, M.

Shea, H. R.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Shikama, K.

K. Suzuki, M. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, G. Takashi, Y. Ikuma, K. Shikama, Y. Ishii, M. Itoh, M. Fukutoku, T. Hashimoto, and Y. Miyamoto, “Wavelength selective switch for multi-core fiber based space division multiplexed network with core-by-core switching capability,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

Shubochkin, R.

Sillard, P.

K. Nakajima, P. Sillard, D. Richardson, M.-J. Li, R.-J. Essiambre, and S. Matsuo, “Transmission media for an SDM-based optical communication system,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 44–51, 2015.
[Crossref]

A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, G. Lopez-Galmiche, P. Sillard, D. Van Ras, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Scaling the fabrication of higher order photonic lanterns using microstructured preforms,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Tu.3.3.2.

Simeonidou, D.

E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, E. Kosmatos, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Stavdas, M. Bohn, A. Napoli, T. Rahman, F. Cugini, N. Sambo, S. Frigerio, A. D’Errico, A. Pagano, E. Riccardi, V. López, and J. P. Fernández-Palacios Giménez, “Next generation optical nodes: The vision of the European research project IDEALIST,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 172–181, 2015.
[Crossref]

A. Muhammad, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, and R. Forchheimer, “Routing, spectrum and core allocation in flexgrid SDM networks with multi-core fibers,” in Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2014, pp. 192–197.

Simmons, J. M.

J. M. Simmons and A. A. M. Saleh, “Wavelength-selective CDC ROADM designs using reduced-sized optical cross-connects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, no. 20, pp. 2174–2177, 2015.
[Crossref]

Simon, M. E.

Sinefeld, D.

N. Goldshtein, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, R. Rudnick, L. Pascar, R. Zektzer, and D. M. Marom, “Fine resolution photonic spectral processor using a waveguide grating router with permanent phase trimming,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 23, pp. 379–385, 2016.
[Crossref]

D. M. Marom, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and R. Lingle, “Wavelength-selective switch with direct few mode fiber integration,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 5723–5737, 2015.
[Crossref]

D. Sinefeld and D. M. Marom, “Insertion loss and crosstalk analysis of a fiber switch based on a pixelized phase modulator,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, pp. 69–77, 2011.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2013, paper PD1.C.4.

R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. M. Marom, “Sub-banded/single-sub-carrier drop-demux and flexible spectral shaping with a fine resolution photonic processor,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Cannes, France, 2014, paper PD.4.1.

Siracusa, D.

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, B. Shariati, D. Klonidis, E. Salvadori, and I. Tomkos, “Comparison of spectral and spatial super-channel allocation schemes for SDM networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 11, pp. 2710–2716, 2016.
[Crossref]

D. Klonidis, F. Cugini, O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, V. Lopez, E. Palkopoulou, M. Sekiya, D. Siracusa, G. Thouenon, and C. Betoule, “Spectrally and spatially flexible optical network planning and operations,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 69–78, 2015.
[Crossref]

D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, P. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, E. Salvadori, and I. Tomkos, “Spectral vs. spatial superchannel allocation in SDM networks under independent and joint switching paradigms,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Mo.4.6.2.

D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, D. Klonidis, V. Lopez, and E. Salvadori, “Resource allocation policies in SDM optical networks (invited paper),” in Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2015, pp. 168–173.

Soh, H. T.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Solé-Pareta, J.

I. Tomkos, S. Azodolmolky, J. Solé-Pareta, D. Careglio, and E. Palkopoulou, “A tutorial on the flexible optical networking paradigm: State-of-the-art, trends, and research challenges,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 102, no. 9, pp. 1317–1337, 2014.
[Crossref]

Song, M.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, A. Josten, B. Baeuerle, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben Ezra, J. F. Ferran, G. Thouenon, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, C. Betoule, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Flexible optical cross-connects for high bit rate elastic photonic transport networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 8, pp. A126–A140, 2016.
[Crossref]

M. Song, E. Pincemin, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, J. Zhao, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, J. M. Rivas, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Cascaded all-optical sub-channel add/drop multiplexing from a 1-Tb/s super-channel having 2-GHz guard-bands,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

Y. Loussouarn, E. Pincemin, M. Song, S. Gauthier, Y. Chen, and S. Zhong, “400  Gbps real-time coherent Nyquist-WDM DP-16QAM transmission over legacy G.652 or G.655 fibre infrastructure with 2  dB margins,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2015.

Sorokina, M.

S. Sygletos, S. J. Fabbri, E. Giacoumidis, M. Sorokina, D. M. Marom, M. F. C. Stephens, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, and A. D. Ellis, “A novel architecture for all-optical add-drop multiplexing of OFDM signals,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Cannes, France, 2014, paper We.1.5.4.

Stavdas, A.

E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, E. Kosmatos, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Stavdas, M. Bohn, A. Napoli, T. Rahman, F. Cugini, N. Sambo, S. Frigerio, A. D’Errico, A. Pagano, E. Riccardi, V. López, and J. P. Fernández-Palacios Giménez, “Next generation optical nodes: The vision of the European research project IDEALIST,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 172–181, 2015.
[Crossref]

Stephens, M. F. C.

S. Sygletos, S. J. Fabbri, E. Giacoumidis, M. Sorokina, D. M. Marom, M. F. C. Stephens, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, and A. D. Ellis, “A novel architecture for all-optical add-drop multiplexing of OFDM signals,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Cannes, France, 2014, paper We.1.5.4.

Stevens, M. L.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, and R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 780–799, 1996.
[Crossref]

Stewart, L.

Strasser, T. A.

T. A. Strasser and J. L. Wagener, “Wavelength-selective switches for ROADM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1150–1157, 2010.
[Crossref]

Su, T.

R. Proietti, L. Liu, R. P. Scott, B. Guan, C. Qin, T. Su, F. Giannone, and S. J. B. Yoo, “3D elastic optical networking in the temporal, spectral, and spatial domains,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2 pp. 79–87, 2015.
[Crossref]

Su, Y.

R. Ryf, Y. Su, L. Moller, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, D. T. Neilson, and C. R. Giles, “Wavelength blocking filter with flexible data rates and channel spacing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 54–61, 2005.
[Crossref]

Sugden, K.

Sun, Y.

B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, B. Guan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, and G. Li, “All-fiber mode-group-selective photonic lantern using graded-index multimode fibers,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 224–234, 2015.
[Crossref]

D. M. Marom, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and R. Lingle, “Wavelength-selective switch with direct few mode fiber integration,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 5723–5737, 2015.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2013, paper PD1.C.4.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, B. Guan, R. Scott, B. Ercan, S. J. B. Yoo, L. E. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “30 × 30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.1.

Suzuki, K.

Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, N. Nemoto, E. Hashimoto, O. Moriwaki, and T. Takahashi, “Low-loss transponder aggregator using spatial and planar optical circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 67–72, 2016.
[Crossref]

K. Suzuki, M. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, G. Takashi, Y. Ikuma, K. Shikama, Y. Ishii, M. Itoh, M. Fukutoku, T. Hashimoto, and Y. Miyamoto, “Wavelength selective switch for multi-core fiber based space division multiplexed network with core-by-core switching capability,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

K. Suzuki, Y. Ikuma, E. Hashimoto, K. Yamaguchi, M. Itoh, and T. Takahashi, “Ultra-high port count wavelength selective switch employing waveguide-based I/O frontend,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2015.

Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, N. Nemoto, E. Hashimoto, O. Moriwaki, and T. Takahashi, “8 × 24 wavelength selective switch for low-loss transponder aggregator,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Mar.2015, paper Th5A.4.

N. Nemoto, Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, O. Moriwaki, T. Watanabe, M. Itoh, and T. Takahashi, “8 × 8 wavelength cross connect with add/drop ports integrated in spatial and planar optical circuit,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Tu.3.5.1.

Swanson, E. A.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, and R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 780–799, 1996.
[Crossref]

Sygletos, S.

S. J. Fabbri, S. Sygletos, A. Perentos, E. Pincemin, K. Sugden, and A. D. Ellis, “Experimental implementation of an all-optical interferometric drop, add, and extract multiplexer for superchannels,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1351–1357, 2015.
[Crossref]

M. Song, E. Pincemin, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, J. Zhao, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, J. M. Rivas, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Cascaded all-optical sub-channel add/drop multiplexing from a 1-Tb/s super-channel having 2-GHz guard-bands,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

S. Sygletos, S. J. Fabbri, E. Giacoumidis, M. Sorokina, D. M. Marom, M. F. C. Stephens, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, and A. D. Ellis, “A novel architecture for all-optical add-drop multiplexing of OFDM signals,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Cannes, France, 2014, paper We.1.5.4.

D. Klonidis, S. Sygletos, D. M. Marom, S. Fabbri, A. Ellis, E. Pincemin, C. Betoule, G. Thouenon, D. Hillerkuss, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, J. Leuthold, J. Zhao, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, M. Angelou, G. Papastergiou, P. Zakynthinos, and I. Tomkos, “Enabling transparent technologies for the development of highly granular flexible optical cross-connects,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2014, paper We.D1.5.

Takahashi, M.

M. Iwama, M. Takahashi, M. Kimura, Y. Uchida, J. Hasegawa, R. Kawahara, and N. Kagi, “LCOS-based flexible grid 1 × 40 wavelength selective switch using planar lightwave circuit as spot size converter,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2015.

M. Iwama, M. Takahashi, Y. Uchida, M. Kimura, R. Kawahara, S.-I. Matsushita, and T. Mukaihara, “Low loss 1 × 93 wavelength selective switch using PLC-based spot size converter,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Valencia, Spain, 2015, paper Mo.4.2.2.

Takahashi, T.

Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, N. Nemoto, E. Hashimoto, O. Moriwaki, and T. Takahashi, “Low-loss transponder aggregator using spatial and planar optical circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 67–72, 2016.
[Crossref]

N. Nemoto, Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, O. Moriwaki, T. Watanabe, M. Itoh, and T. Takahashi, “8 × 8 wavelength cross connect with add/drop ports integrated in spatial and planar optical circuit,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Tu.3.5.1.

Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, N. Nemoto, E. Hashimoto, O. Moriwaki, and T. Takahashi, “8 × 24 wavelength selective switch for low-loss transponder aggregator,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Mar.2015, paper Th5A.4.

K. Suzuki, Y. Ikuma, E. Hashimoto, K. Yamaguchi, M. Itoh, and T. Takahashi, “Ultra-high port count wavelength selective switch employing waveguide-based I/O frontend,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2015.

Takashi, G.

K. Suzuki, M. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, G. Takashi, Y. Ikuma, K. Shikama, Y. Ishii, M. Itoh, M. Fukutoku, T. Hashimoto, and Y. Miyamoto, “Wavelength selective switch for multi-core fiber based space division multiplexed network with core-by-core switching capability,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

Tamimura, T.

T. Richter, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Elschner, T. Kato, T. Tamimura, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Coherent in-line substitution of OFDM subcarriers using fiber-frequency conversion and free-running lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), San Francisco, CA, 2014.

Tang, H.

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking filter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 563–569, 2004.
[Crossref]

Taunay, T. F.

L. E. Nelson, M. D. Feuer, K. Abedin, X. Zhou, T. F. Taunay, J. M. Fini, B. Zhu, R. Isaac, R. Harel, G. Cohen, and D. M. Marom, “Spatial superchannel routing in a two-span ROADM system for space division multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 783–789, 2014.
[Crossref]

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superchannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 21, pp. 1957–1960, 2012.
[Crossref]

Teffeau, K.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Thomas, R. E.

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, and R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 780–799, 1996.
[Crossref]

Thouenon, G.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, A. Josten, B. Baeuerle, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben Ezra, J. F. Ferran, G. Thouenon, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, C. Betoule, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Flexible optical cross-connects for high bit rate elastic photonic transport networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 8, pp. A126–A140, 2016.
[Crossref]

D. Klonidis, F. Cugini, O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, V. Lopez, E. Palkopoulou, M. Sekiya, D. Siracusa, G. Thouenon, and C. Betoule, “Spectrally and spatially flexible optical network planning and operations,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 69–78, 2015.
[Crossref]

D. Klonidis, S. Sygletos, D. M. Marom, S. Fabbri, A. Ellis, E. Pincemin, C. Betoule, G. Thouenon, D. Hillerkuss, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, J. Leuthold, J. Zhao, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, M. Angelou, G. Papastergiou, P. Zakynthinos, and I. Tomkos, “Enabling transparent technologies for the development of highly granular flexible optical cross-connects,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2014, paper We.D1.5.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, J. Zhao, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, J. M. Rivas, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Cascaded all-optical sub-channel add/drop multiplexing from a 1-Tb/s super-channel having 2-GHz guard-bands,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

Thouénon, G.

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, G. Thouénon, C. Betoule, and E. Pincemin, “Techno-economic analysis of flexi-grid networks with all-optical add/drop capability,” presented at Int. Conf. Photonics in Switching (PS), Florence, Italy, Sept. 2015, paper ThIII2.2.

G. Thouénon, C. Betoule, E. Pincemin, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, and I. Tomkos, “All-optical vs. electrical aggregations CAPEX comparisons in a fully-flexible multi-layer transport network,” presented at the European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), Valencia, Spain, Sept. 2015, paper We.4.5.4.

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, G. Thouénon, C. Betoule, and I. Tomkos, “Impairment-aware resource allocation over flexi-grid network with all-optical add/drop capability,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Valencia, Spain, Sept. 2015, paper P.6.13.

Tolmachev, A.

R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. M. Marom, “Sub-banded/single-sub-carrier drop-demux and flexible spectral shaping with a fine resolution photonic processor,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Cannes, France, 2014, paper PD.4.1.

Tomkos, I.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, A. Josten, B. Baeuerle, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben Ezra, J. F. Ferran, G. Thouenon, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, C. Betoule, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Flexible optical cross-connects for high bit rate elastic photonic transport networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 8, pp. A126–A140, 2016.
[Crossref]

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, B. Shariati, D. Klonidis, E. Salvadori, and I. Tomkos, “Comparison of spectral and spatial super-channel allocation schemes for SDM networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 11, pp. 2710–2716, 2016.
[Crossref]

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, B. Shariati, D. M. Marom, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Investigation of spectrum granularity for performance optimization of flexible Nyquist-WDM-based optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 33, no. 23, pp. 4767–4774, 2015.
[Crossref]

I. Tomkos, S. Azodolmolky, J. Solé-Pareta, D. Careglio, and E. Palkopoulou, “A tutorial on the flexible optical networking paradigm: State-of-the-art, trends, and research challenges,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 102, no. 9, pp. 1317–1337, 2014.
[Crossref]

M. Vasilyev, I. Tomkos, M. Mehendale, J.-K. Rhee, A. Kobyakov, M. Ajgaonkar, S. Tsuda, and M. Sharma, “Transparent ultra-long-haul DWDM networks with “broadcast-and-select” OADM/OXC architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2661–2672, 2003.
[Crossref]

J.-K. Rhee, I. Tomkos, and M.-J. Li, “A broadcast-and-select OADM optical network with dedicated optical-channel protection,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 25–31, 2003.
[Crossref]

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, G. Thouénon, C. Betoule, and I. Tomkos, “Impairment-aware resource allocation over flexi-grid network with all-optical add/drop capability,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Valencia, Spain, Sept. 2015, paper P.6.13.

D. Klonidis, S. Sygletos, D. M. Marom, S. Fabbri, A. Ellis, E. Pincemin, C. Betoule, G. Thouenon, D. Hillerkuss, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, J. Leuthold, J. Zhao, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, M. Angelou, G. Papastergiou, P. Zakynthinos, and I. Tomkos, “Enabling transparent technologies for the development of highly granular flexible optical cross-connects,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2014, paper We.D1.5.

S. Sygletos, S. J. Fabbri, E. Giacoumidis, M. Sorokina, D. M. Marom, M. F. C. Stephens, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, and A. D. Ellis, “A novel architecture for all-optical add-drop multiplexing of OFDM signals,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Cannes, France, 2014, paper We.1.5.4.

P. Torres-Ferrera, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, D. M. Marom, R. Gutiérrez-Castrejón, and I. Tomkos, “Filtering effects of cascaded flexgrid ROADMs with high spectral resolution filters on the transmission of Nyquist and quasi-Nyquist WDM superchannels,” in Proc. 13th Int. Conf. Optical Communication Networks (ICOCN), Suzhou, China, 2014, paper M12.6.

D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, P. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, E. Salvadori, and I. Tomkos, “Spectral vs. spatial superchannel allocation in SDM networks under independent and joint switching paradigms,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Mo.4.6.2.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, J. Zhao, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, J. M. Rivas, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Cascaded all-optical sub-channel add/drop multiplexing from a 1-Tb/s super-channel having 2-GHz guard-bands,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

B. Shariati, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, S. Ben-Ezra, D. Klonidis, F. Jiménez, L. Velasco, and I. Tomkos, “Investigation of mid-term network migration scenarios comparing multi-band and multi-fiber deployments,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2016, paper Th1E.1.

G. Thouénon, C. Betoule, E. Pincemin, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, and I. Tomkos, “All-optical vs. electrical aggregations CAPEX comparisons in a fully-flexible multi-layer transport network,” presented at the European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), Valencia, Spain, Sept. 2015, paper We.4.5.4.

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, G. Thouénon, C. Betoule, and E. Pincemin, “Techno-economic analysis of flexi-grid networks with all-optical add/drop capability,” presented at Int. Conf. Photonics in Switching (PS), Florence, Italy, Sept. 2015, paper ThIII2.2.

B. Shariati, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, S. Ben-Ezra, D. Klonidis, F. Jiménez, L. Velasco, and I. Tomkos, “Evaluation of the impact of different SDM switching strategies in a network planning scenario,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2016, paper Tu2H.4.

Torres-Ferrera, P.

P. Torres-Ferrera, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, D. M. Marom, R. Gutiérrez-Castrejón, and I. Tomkos, “Filtering effects of cascaded flexgrid ROADMs with high spectral resolution filters on the transmission of Nyquist and quasi-Nyquist WDM superchannels,” in Proc. 13th Int. Conf. Optical Communication Networks (ICOCN), Suzhou, China, 2014, paper M12.6.

Tsuda, S.

Turkcu, O.

S. Melle, A. Deore, O. Turkcu, S. Ahuja, and S. J. Hand, “Comparing optical and OTN switching architectures in next-gen 100  Gb/s networks,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2013, paper NM3F-2.

Uchida, Y.

M. Iwama, M. Takahashi, Y. Uchida, M. Kimura, R. Kawahara, S.-I. Matsushita, and T. Mukaihara, “Low loss 1 × 93 wavelength selective switch using PLC-based spot size converter,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Valencia, Spain, 2015, paper Mo.4.2.2.

M. Iwama, M. Takahashi, M. Kimura, Y. Uchida, J. Hasegawa, R. Kawahara, and N. Kagi, “LCOS-based flexible grid 1 × 40 wavelength selective switch using planar lightwave circuit as spot size converter,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2015.

Vallaitis, T.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Van Ras, D.

A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, G. Lopez-Galmiche, P. Sillard, D. Van Ras, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Scaling the fabrication of higher order photonic lanterns using microstructured preforms,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Tu.3.3.2.

Vasilyev, M.

Velasco, L.

B. Shariati, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, S. Ben-Ezra, D. Klonidis, F. Jiménez, L. Velasco, and I. Tomkos, “Investigation of mid-term network migration scenarios comparing multi-band and multi-fiber deployments,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2016, paper Th1E.1.

B. Shariati, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, S. Ben-Ezra, D. Klonidis, F. Jiménez, L. Velasco, and I. Tomkos, “Evaluation of the impact of different SDM switching strategies in a network planning scenario,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2016, paper Tu2H.4.

Velazquez-Benitez, A. M.

A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, G. Lopez-Galmiche, P. Sillard, D. Van Ras, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Scaling the fabrication of higher order photonic lanterns using microstructured preforms,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Tu.3.3.2.

Vella, R.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Wagener, J. L.

T. A. Strasser and J. L. Wagener, “Wavelength-selective switches for ROADM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1150–1157, 2010.
[Crossref]

Wagner, R. E.

F. Farjady, N. Antoniades, R. E. Wagner, and M. J. Yadlowsky, “Value of fiber overlays in WDM metro networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 329–331, 2003.
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

N. K. Fontaine, T. Haramaty, R. Ryf, H. Chen, L. Miron, L. Pascar, M. Blau, B. Frenkel, L. Wang, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, R. J. Essiambre, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and D. M. Marom, “Heterogeneous space-division multiplexing and joint wavelength switching demonstration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.5.

Watanabe, S.

T. Richter, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Elschner, T. Kato, T. Tamimura, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Coherent in-line substitution of OFDM subcarriers using fiber-frequency conversion and free-running lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), San Francisco, CA, 2014.

Watanabe, T.

N. Nemoto, Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, O. Moriwaki, T. Watanabe, M. Itoh, and T. Takahashi, “8 × 8 wavelength cross connect with add/drop ports integrated in spatial and planar optical circuit,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Tu.3.5.1.

Weingarten, K.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Weis, A.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Weld, J. D.

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking filter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 563–569, 2004.
[Crossref]

White, C. D.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Winter, M.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Winzer, P. J.

Woodward, S. L.

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superchannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 21, pp. 1957–1960, 2012.
[Crossref]

Xiao, F.

Xie, Y.

Yadlowsky, M. J.

F. Farjady, N. Antoniades, R. E. Wagner, and M. J. Yadlowsky, “Value of fiber overlays in WDM metro networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 329–331, 2003.
[Crossref]

Yamaguchi, K.

K. Suzuki, M. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, G. Takashi, Y. Ikuma, K. Shikama, Y. Ishii, M. Itoh, M. Fukutoku, T. Hashimoto, and Y. Miyamoto, “Wavelength selective switch for multi-core fiber based space division multiplexed network with core-by-core switching capability,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

K. Suzuki, Y. Ikuma, E. Hashimoto, K. Yamaguchi, M. Itoh, and T. Takahashi, “Ultra-high port count wavelength selective switch employing waveguide-based I/O frontend,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2015.

Yan, M. F.

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superchannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 21, pp. 1957–1960, 2012.
[Crossref]

Yan, Y.

L. Zong, H. Zhao, Y. Yan, and Z. Feng, “Demonstration of quasi-contentionless flexible ROADM based on a multiport WXC,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 8, pp. A141–A151, 2016.
[Crossref]

L. Zong, H. Zhao, Z. Feng, and Y. Yan, “8 × 8 flexible wavelength cross-connect for CDC ROADM application,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, no. 24, pp. 2603–2606, 2015.
[Crossref]

Y. Yan, H. Zhao, L. Zong, and Z. Feng, “8 × 128 adWSS for CDC ROADM,” in Int. Conf. Photonics in Switching (PS), Florence, Italy, Sept. 2015, paper WeI2.5.

Yoh, C.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

Yoo, S. J. B.

R. Proietti, L. Liu, R. P. Scott, B. Guan, C. Qin, T. Su, F. Giannone, and S. J. B. Yoo, “3D elastic optical networking in the temporal, spectral, and spatial domains,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2 pp. 79–87, 2015.
[Crossref]

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 50, no. 2, pp. s12–s20, 2012.
[Crossref]

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, B. Guan, R. Scott, B. Ercan, S. J. B. Yoo, L. E. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “30 × 30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.1.

Zakynthinos, P.

D. Klonidis, S. Sygletos, D. M. Marom, S. Fabbri, A. Ellis, E. Pincemin, C. Betoule, G. Thouenon, D. Hillerkuss, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, J. Leuthold, J. Zhao, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, M. Angelou, G. Papastergiou, P. Zakynthinos, and I. Tomkos, “Enabling transparent technologies for the development of highly granular flexible optical cross-connects,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2014, paper We.D1.5.

Zektzer, R.

Zervas, G.

E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, E. Kosmatos, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Stavdas, M. Bohn, A. Napoli, T. Rahman, F. Cugini, N. Sambo, S. Frigerio, A. D’Errico, A. Pagano, E. Riccardi, V. López, and J. P. Fernández-Palacios Giménez, “Next generation optical nodes: The vision of the European research project IDEALIST,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 172–181, 2015.
[Crossref]

A. Muhammad, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, and R. Forchheimer, “Routing, spectrum and core allocation in flexgrid SDM networks with multi-core fibers,” in Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2014, pp. 192–197.

Zhao, H.

L. Zong, H. Zhao, Y. Yan, and Z. Feng, “Demonstration of quasi-contentionless flexible ROADM based on a multiport WXC,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 8, pp. A141–A151, 2016.
[Crossref]

L. Zong, H. Zhao, Z. Feng, and Y. Yan, “8 × 8 flexible wavelength cross-connect for CDC ROADM application,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, no. 24, pp. 2603–2606, 2015.
[Crossref]

S. J. Frisken, G. W. Baxter, H. Zhao, and D. Abakoumov, “Optical calibration system and method,” U.S. patent7457547 (Nov.25, 2008).

Y. Yan, H. Zhao, L. Zong, and Z. Feng, “8 × 128 adWSS for CDC ROADM,” in Int. Conf. Photonics in Switching (PS), Florence, Italy, Sept. 2015, paper WeI2.5.

L. Zong, H. Zhao, Z. Feng, and S. Cao, “Demonstration of ultra-compact contentionless-ROADM based on flexible wavelength router,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2014, paper P.4.4.

Zhao, J.

A. D. Ellis, J. Zhao, and D. Cotter, “Approaching the nonlinear Shannon limit,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 423–433, 2010.
[Crossref]

D. Klonidis, S. Sygletos, D. M. Marom, S. Fabbri, A. Ellis, E. Pincemin, C. Betoule, G. Thouenon, D. Hillerkuss, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, J. Leuthold, J. Zhao, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, M. Angelou, G. Papastergiou, P. Zakynthinos, and I. Tomkos, “Enabling transparent technologies for the development of highly granular flexible optical cross-connects,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2014, paper We.D1.5.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, J. Zhao, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, J. M. Rivas, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Cascaded all-optical sub-channel add/drop multiplexing from a 1-Tb/s super-channel having 2-GHz guard-bands,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

Zhong, S.

Y. Loussouarn, E. Pincemin, M. Song, S. Gauthier, Y. Chen, and S. Zhong, “400  Gbps real-time coherent Nyquist-WDM DP-16QAM transmission over legacy G.652 or G.655 fibre infrastructure with 2  dB margins,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2015.

Zhou, H.

S. Frisken, G. Baxter, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhou, I. Clarke, and S. Poole, “Flexible and grid-less wavelength selective switch using LCOS technology,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2011, paper OTuM3.

G. Baxter, S. Frisken, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhou, I. Clarke, A. Bartos, and S. Poole, “Highly programmable wavelength selective switch based on liquid crystal on silicon switching elements,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2006, paper OTuF2.

Zhou, X.

L. E. Nelson, M. D. Feuer, K. Abedin, X. Zhou, T. F. Taunay, J. M. Fini, B. Zhu, R. Isaac, R. Harel, G. Cohen, and D. M. Marom, “Spatial superchannel routing in a two-span ROADM system for space division multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 783–789, 2014.
[Crossref]

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superchannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 21, pp. 1957–1960, 2012.
[Crossref]

Zhu, B.

L. E. Nelson, M. D. Feuer, K. Abedin, X. Zhou, T. F. Taunay, J. M. Fini, B. Zhu, R. Isaac, R. Harel, G. Cohen, and D. M. Marom, “Spatial superchannel routing in a two-span ROADM system for space division multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 783–789, 2014.
[Crossref]

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superchannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 21, pp. 1957–1960, 2012.
[Crossref]

Zhu, C.

Zhuang, L.

Zong, L.

L. Zong, H. Zhao, Y. Yan, and Z. Feng, “Demonstration of quasi-contentionless flexible ROADM based on a multiport WXC,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 8, pp. A141–A151, 2016.
[Crossref]

L. Zong, H. Zhao, Z. Feng, and Y. Yan, “8 × 8 flexible wavelength cross-connect for CDC ROADM application,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, no. 24, pp. 2603–2606, 2015.
[Crossref]

Y. Yan, H. Zhao, L. Zong, and Z. Feng, “8 × 128 adWSS for CDC ROADM,” in Int. Conf. Photonics in Switching (PS), Florence, Italy, Sept. 2015, paper WeI2.5.

L. Zong, H. Zhao, Z. Feng, and S. Cao, “Demonstration of ultra-compact contentionless-ROADM based on flexible wavelength router,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2014, paper P.4.4.

Bell Labs Tech. J. (2)

P. J. Winzer, “Spatial multiplexing in fiber optics: The 10× scaling of metro/core capacities,” Bell Labs Tech. J., vol. 19, pp. 22–30, 2014.
[Crossref]

D. T. Nelson, C. R. Doerr, D. M. Marom, R. Ryf, and M. P. Earnshaw, “Wavelength selective switching for optical bandwidth management,” Bell Labs Tech. J., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 105–128, 2006.
[Crossref]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (7)

B. Collings, “New devices enabling software-defined optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 66–71, 2013.
[Crossref]

K. Nakajima, P. Sillard, D. Richardson, M.-J. Li, R.-J. Essiambre, and S. Matsuo, “Transmission media for an SDM-based optical communication system,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 44–51, 2015.
[Crossref]

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 50, no. 2, pp. s12–s20, 2012.
[Crossref]

E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, E. Kosmatos, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Stavdas, M. Bohn, A. Napoli, T. Rahman, F. Cugini, N. Sambo, S. Frigerio, A. D’Errico, A. Pagano, E. Riccardi, V. López, and J. P. Fernández-Palacios Giménez, “Next generation optical nodes: The vision of the European research project IDEALIST,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 172–181, 2015.
[Crossref]

D. M. Marom and M. Blau, “Switching solutions for WDM-SDM optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 60–68, 2015.
[Crossref]

R. Proietti, L. Liu, R. P. Scott, B. Guan, C. Qin, T. Su, F. Giannone, and S. J. B. Yoo, “3D elastic optical networking in the temporal, spectral, and spatial domains,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2 pp. 79–87, 2015.
[Crossref]

D. Klonidis, F. Cugini, O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, V. Lopez, E. Palkopoulou, M. Sekiya, D. Siracusa, G. Thouenon, and C. Betoule, “Spectrally and spatially flexible optical network planning and operations,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 69–78, 2015.
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

R. Ryf, Y. Su, L. Moller, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, D. T. Neilson, and C. R. Giles, “Wavelength blocking filter with flexible data rates and channel spacing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 54–61, 2005.
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

I. P. Kaminow, C. R. Doerr, C. Dragone, T. Koch, U. Koren, A. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Kirby, C. M. Ozveren, B. Schofield, R. E. Thomas, R. A. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, B. R. Hemenway, D. Marquis, S. A. Parikh, M. L. Stevens, E. A. Swanson, S. G. Finn, and R. G. Gallager, “A wideband all-optical WDM network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 780–799, 1996.
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

T. A. Strasser and J. L. Wagener, “Wavelength-selective switches for ROADM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1150–1157, 2010.
[Crossref]

D. T. Neilson, H. Tang, D. S. Greywall, N. R. Basavanhally, L. Ko, D. A. Ramsey, J. D. Weld, Y. L. Low, F. Pardo, D. O. Lopez, P. Busch, J. Prybyla, M. Haueis, C. S. Pai, R. Scotti, and R. Ryf, “Channel equalization and blocking filter utilizing microelectromechanical mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 563–569, 2004.
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

F. Farjady, N. Antoniades, R. E. Wagner, and M. J. Yadlowsky, “Value of fiber overlays in WDM metro networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 329–331, 2003.
[Crossref]

J. M. Simmons and A. A. M. Saleh, “Wavelength-selective CDC ROADM designs using reduced-sized optical cross-connects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, no. 20, pp. 2174–2177, 2015.
[Crossref]

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superchannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 21, pp. 1957–1960, 2012.
[Crossref]

L. Zong, H. Zhao, Z. Feng, and Y. Yan, “8 × 8 flexible wavelength cross-connect for CDC ROADM application,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, no. 24, pp. 2603–2606, 2015.
[Crossref]

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (1)

R. Ramamurthy and B. Mukherjee, “Fixed-alternate routing and wavelength conversion in wavelength-routed optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 351–367, 2002.
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (15)

J.-K. Rhee, I. Tomkos, and M.-J. Li, “A broadcast-and-select OADM optical network with dedicated optical-channel protection,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 25–31, 2003.
[Crossref]

M. Vasilyev, I. Tomkos, M. Mehendale, J.-K. Rhee, A. Kobyakov, M. Ajgaonkar, S. Tsuda, and M. Sharma, “Transparent ultra-long-haul DWDM networks with “broadcast-and-select” OADM/OXC architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2661–2672, 2003.
[Crossref]

D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, C. S. Pai, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. López, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, “Wavelength-selective 1 × K switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: Theory, design, and implementation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 1620–1630, 2005.
[Crossref]

A. D. Ellis, J. Zhao, and D. Cotter, “Approaching the nonlinear Shannon limit,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 423–433, 2010.
[Crossref]

R. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 662–701, 2010.
[Crossref]

D. Sinefeld and D. M. Marom, “Insertion loss and crosstalk analysis of a fiber switch based on a pixelized phase modulator,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, pp. 69–77, 2011.
[Crossref]

P. J. Winzer, “An opto-electronic interferometer and its use in subcarrier add/drop multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 1775–1782, 2013.
[Crossref]

L. E. Nelson, M. D. Feuer, K. Abedin, X. Zhou, T. F. Taunay, J. M. Fini, B. Zhu, R. Isaac, R. Harel, G. Cohen, and D. M. Marom, “Spatial superchannel routing in a two-span ROADM system for space division multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 783–789, 2014.
[Crossref]

S. J. Fabbri, S. Sygletos, A. Perentos, E. Pincemin, K. Sugden, and A. D. Ellis, “Experimental implementation of an all-optical interferometric drop, add, and extract multiplexer for superchannels,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1351–1357, 2015.
[Crossref]

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, B. Shariati, D. M. Marom, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Investigation of spectrum granularity for performance optimization of flexible Nyquist-WDM-based optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 33, no. 23, pp. 4767–4774, 2015.
[Crossref]

Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, N. Nemoto, E. Hashimoto, O. Moriwaki, and T. Takahashi, “Low-loss transponder aggregator using spatial and planar optical circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 67–72, 2016.
[Crossref]

N. Goldshtein, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, R. Rudnick, L. Pascar, R. Zektzer, and D. M. Marom, “Fine resolution photonic spectral processor using a waveguide grating router with permanent phase trimming,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 23, pp. 379–385, 2016.
[Crossref]

L. Zhuang, C. Zhu, Y. Xie, M. Burla, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, M. Hoekman, B. Corcoran, and A. J. Lowery, “Nyquist-filtering (de)multiplexer using a ring resonator assisted interferometer circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 8, pp. 1732–1738, 2016.
[Crossref]

B. Corcoran, C. Zhu, J. Schröder, L. Zhuang, B. Foo, M. Burla, W. P. Beeker, A. Leinse, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, and A. J. Lowery, “Multipass performance of a chip-enhanced WSS for Nyquist-WDM sub-band switching,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 8, pp. 1824–1830, 2016.
[Crossref]

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, B. Shariati, D. Klonidis, E. Salvadori, and I. Tomkos, “Comparison of spectral and spatial super-channel allocation schemes for SDM networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 34, no. 11, pp. 2710–2716, 2016.
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (2)

Nat. Photonics (3)

P. J. Winzer, “Making spatial multiplexing a reality,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 8, pp. 345–348, 2014.
[Crossref]

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 7, pp. 354–362, 2013.
[Crossref]

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben-Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26  Tbit s-1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, 2011.
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

J. Carpenter, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. R. Salazar-Gil, J. Bland-Hawthorn, G. Baxter, L. Stewart, S. Frisken, M. A. F. Roelens, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “1 × 11 few-mode fiber wavelength selective switch using photonic lanterns,” Opt. Express, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 2216–2221, 2014.
[Crossref]

B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, B. Guan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, and G. Li, “All-fiber mode-group-selective photonic lantern using graded-index multimode fibers,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 224–234, 2015.
[Crossref]

D. M. Marom, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and R. Lingle, “Wavelength-selective switch with direct few mode fiber integration,” Opt. Express, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 5723–5737, 2015.
[Crossref]

F. Xiao and K. Alameh, “Opto-VLSI-based N × M wavelength selective switch,” Opt. Express, vol. 21, pp. 18160–18169, 2013.
[Crossref]

S. G. Leon-Saval, N. K. Fontaine, J. R. Salazar-Gil, B. Ercan, R. Ryf, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective photonic lanterns for space-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express, vol. 22, pp. 1036–1044, 2014.
[Crossref]

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and S. G. Leon-Saval, “Geometric requirements for photonic lanterns in space division multiplexing,” Opt. Express, vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 27123–27132, 2012.
[Crossref]

Proc. IEEE (1)

I. Tomkos, S. Azodolmolky, J. Solé-Pareta, D. Careglio, and E. Palkopoulou, “A tutorial on the flexible optical networking paradigm: State-of-the-art, trends, and research challenges,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 102, no. 9, pp. 1317–1337, 2014.
[Crossref]

Other (42)

D. Klonidis, S. Sygletos, D. M. Marom, S. Fabbri, A. Ellis, E. Pincemin, C. Betoule, G. Thouenon, D. Hillerkuss, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, J. Leuthold, J. Zhao, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, M. Angelou, G. Papastergiou, P. Zakynthinos, and I. Tomkos, “Enabling transparent technologies for the development of highly granular flexible optical cross-connects,” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2014, paper We.D1.5.

B. Shariati, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, S. Ben-Ezra, D. Klonidis, F. Jiménez, L. Velasco, and I. Tomkos, “Investigation of mid-term network migration scenarios comparing multi-band and multi-fiber deployments,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2016, paper Th1E.1.

“Cisco Visual Networking Index: Forecast and methodology, 2015–2020,” June2016.

B. Shariati, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, S. Ben-Ezra, D. Klonidis, F. Jiménez, L. Velasco, and I. Tomkos, “Evaluation of the impact of different SDM switching strategies in a network planning scenario,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2016, paper Tu2H.4.

R. Jensen, A. Lord, and N. Parsons, “Colourless, directionless, contentionless ROADM architecture using low-loss optical matrix switches,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, paper Mo.2.D.2.

D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, J. Leuthold, M. A. Gibbons, and C. R. Giles, “64 channel 4 × 4 wavelength-selective cross-connect for 40  Gb/s channel rates with 10  Tb/s throughput capacity,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2003, pp. 816–817.

P. Colbourne and B. Collings, “ROADM switching technologies,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2011, paper OTuD1.

N. Nemoto, Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, O. Moriwaki, T. Watanabe, M. Itoh, and T. Takahashi, “8 × 8 wavelength cross connect with add/drop ports integrated in spatial and planar optical circuit,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Tu.3.5.1.

Y. Loussouarn, E. Pincemin, M. Song, S. Gauthier, Y. Chen, and S. Zhong, “400  Gbps real-time coherent Nyquist-WDM DP-16QAM transmission over legacy G.652 or G.655 fibre infrastructure with 2  dB margins,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2015.

S. Melle, A. Deore, O. Turkcu, S. Ahuja, and S. J. Hand, “Comparing optical and OTN switching architectures in next-gen 100  Gb/s networks,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibition, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2013, paper NM3F-2.

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, G. Thouénon, C. Betoule, and I. Tomkos, “Impairment-aware resource allocation over flexi-grid network with all-optical add/drop capability,” presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Valencia, Spain, Sept. 2015, paper P.6.13.

P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, G. Thouénon, C. Betoule, and E. Pincemin, “Techno-economic analysis of flexi-grid networks with all-optical add/drop capability,” presented at Int. Conf. Photonics in Switching (PS), Florence, Italy, Sept. 2015, paper ThIII2.2.

G. Thouénon, C. Betoule, E. Pincemin, P. S. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, and I. Tomkos, “All-optical vs. electrical aggregations CAPEX comparisons in a fully-flexible multi-layer transport network,” presented at the European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), Valencia, Spain, Sept. 2015, paper We.4.5.4.

R. Rudnick, A. Tolmachev, D. Sinefeld, O. Golani, S. Ben-Ezra, M. Nazarathy, and D. M. Marom, “Sub-banded/single-sub-carrier drop-demux and flexible spectral shaping with a fine resolution photonic processor,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Cannes, France, 2014, paper PD.4.1.

D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, P. Khodashenas, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, E. Salvadori, and I. Tomkos, “Spectral vs. spatial superchannel allocation in SDM networks under independent and joint switching paradigms,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Mo.4.6.2.

“Spectral grids for WDM applications: DWDM frequency grid,” , Feb.2012.

P. Torres-Ferrera, J. M. Rivas-Moscoso, D. Klonidis, D. M. Marom, R. Gutiérrez-Castrejón, and I. Tomkos, “Filtering effects of cascaded flexgrid ROADMs with high spectral resolution filters on the transmission of Nyquist and quasi-Nyquist WDM superchannels,” in Proc. 13th Int. Conf. Optical Communication Networks (ICOCN), Suzhou, China, 2014, paper M12.6.

M. Song, E. Pincemin, B. Baeuerle, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, J. Leuthold, R. Rudnick, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, J. F. Ferran, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, J. Zhao, G. Thouenon, C. Betoule, J. M. Rivas, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Cascaded all-optical sub-channel add/drop multiplexing from a 1-Tb/s super-channel having 2-GHz guard-bands,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

K. Suzuki, Y. Ikuma, E. Hashimoto, K. Yamaguchi, M. Itoh, and T. Takahashi, “Ultra-high port count wavelength selective switch employing waveguide-based I/O frontend,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2015.

M. Iwama, M. Takahashi, M. Kimura, Y. Uchida, J. Hasegawa, R. Kawahara, and N. Kagi, “LCOS-based flexible grid 1 × 40 wavelength selective switch using planar lightwave circuit as spot size converter,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2015.

M. Iwama, M. Takahashi, Y. Uchida, M. Kimura, R. Kawahara, S.-I. Matsushita, and T. Mukaihara, “Low loss 1 × 93 wavelength selective switch using PLC-based spot size converter,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Valencia, Spain, 2015, paper Mo.4.2.2.

Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, N. Nemoto, E. Hashimoto, O. Moriwaki, and T. Takahashi, “8 × 24 wavelength selective switch for low-loss transponder aggregator,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Mar.2015, paper Th5A.4.

P. Colbourne, “M × N wavelength selective optical switch,” U.S. patent20100172646 A1 (July8, 2010).

Y. Yan, H. Zhao, L. Zong, and Z. Feng, “8 × 128 adWSS for CDC ROADM,” in Int. Conf. Photonics in Switching (PS), Florence, Italy, Sept. 2015, paper WeI2.5.

L. Pascar, R. Karubi, B. Frenkel, and D. M. Marom, “Port-reconfigurable, wavelength-selective switch array for colorless/directionless/contentionless optical add/drop multiplexing,” presented at Int. Conf. Photonics in Switching (PS), Florence, Italy, Sept. 2015, paper PDP.2.

R. Ryf, P. Bernasconi, P. Kolodner, J. Kim, J. P. Hickey, D. Carr, F. Pardo, C. Bolle, R. Frahm, N. Basavanhally, C. Yoh, D. Ramsey, R. George, J. Kraus, C. Lichtenwalner, R. Papazian, J. Gates, H. R. Shea, A. Gasparyan, V. Muratov, J. E. Griffith, J. A. Prybyla, S. Goyal, C. D. White, M. T. Lin, R. Ruel, C. Nijander, S. Amey, D. T. Neilson, D. J. Bishop, S. Pau, C. Nuzman, A. Weis, B. Kumar, D. Lieuwen, V. Aksyuk, D. S. Greywall, T. C. Lee, H. T. Soh, W. M. Mansfield, S. Jin, W. Y. Lai, H. A. Huggins, D. L. Barr, R. A. Cirelli, G. R. Bogart, K. Teffeau, R. Vella, H. Mavoori, A. Ramirez, N. A. Ciampa, F. P. Klemens, M. D. Morris, T. Boone, J. Q. Liu, J. M. Rosamilia, and C. R. Giies, “Scalable wavelength-selective crossconnect switch based on MEMS and planar waveguides,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2001.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, and D. T. Neilson, “N × M wavelength selective crossconnect with flexible passbands,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2012, paper PDP5B.2.

D. Siracusa, F. Pederzolli, D. Klonidis, V. Lopez, and E. Salvadori, “Resource allocation policies in SDM optical networks (invited paper),” in Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2015, pp. 168–173.

T. Richter, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Elschner, T. Kato, T. Tamimura, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Coherent in-line substitution of OFDM subcarriers using fiber-frequency conversion and free-running lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), San Francisco, CA, 2014.

S. Sygletos, S. J. Fabbri, E. Giacoumidis, M. Sorokina, D. M. Marom, M. F. C. Stephens, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, and A. D. Ellis, “A novel architecture for all-optical add-drop multiplexing of OFDM signals,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Cannes, France, 2014, paper We.1.5.4.

A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, G. Lopez-Galmiche, P. Sillard, D. Van Ras, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Scaling the fabrication of higher order photonic lanterns using microstructured preforms,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2015, paper Tu.3.3.2.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, B. Guan, R. Scott, B. Ercan, S. J. B. Yoo, L. E. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “30 × 30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.1.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, C. Liu, B. Ercan, J. R. Salazar Gil, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and D. T. Neilson, “Few-mode fiberwavelength selective switch with spatial-diversity and reduced-steering angle,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2014, paper Th4A.7.

N. K. Fontaine, T. Haramaty, R. Ryf, H. Chen, L. Miron, L. Pascar, M. Blau, B. Frenkel, L. Wang, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, R. J. Essiambre, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and D. M. Marom, “Heterogeneous space-division multiplexing and joint wavelength switching demonstration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2015, paper Th5C.5.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, and D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2013, paper PD1.C.4.

Y. Jung, S. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Compact few-mode fiber collimator and associated optical components for mode division multiplexed transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2016, paper W2A.40.

K. Suzuki, M. Nakajima, K. Yamaguchi, G. Takashi, Y. Ikuma, K. Shikama, Y. Ishii, M. Itoh, M. Fukutoku, T. Hashimoto, and Y. Miyamoto, “Wavelength selective switch for multi-core fiber based space division multiplexed network with core-by-core switching capability,” in Int. Conf. Photonics Switching (PS), Niigata, Japan, July 2016.

A. Muhammad, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, and R. Forchheimer, “Routing, spectrum and core allocation in flexgrid SDM networks with multi-core fibers,” in Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2014, pp. 192–197.

G. Baxter, S. Frisken, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhou, I. Clarke, A. Bartos, and S. Poole, “Highly programmable wavelength selective switch based on liquid crystal on silicon switching elements,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2006, paper OTuF2.

S. J. Frisken, G. W. Baxter, H. Zhao, and D. Abakoumov, “Optical calibration system and method,” U.S. patent7457547 (Nov.25, 2008).

S. Frisken, G. Baxter, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhou, I. Clarke, and S. Poole, “Flexible and grid-less wavelength selective switch using LCOS technology,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2011, paper OTuM3.

L. Zong, H. Zhao, Z. Feng, and S. Cao, “Demonstration of ultra-compact contentionless-ROADM based on flexible wavelength router,” in Proc. European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), 2014, paper P.4.4.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (20)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Elements of a WSS. (A) Optical arrangement for dispersing WDM channels on the beam steering element. Technologies for beam steering include (B) large MEMS tilting micromirrors, (C) fine MEMS tilting micromirrors, and (D) fine LCoS phase modulating pixels. The fine pixels and micromirrors allow flexible WDM channel allocation.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Evolution of the network ROADM node architecture. (i) Blocker (1×1 WSS) based add-drop node and (ii) 1×2 WSS based add-drop node for line systems with colored add/drop ports, (iii) colorless ROADM with 1×K WSS, with K1 add/drop ports, (iv) degree three-mesh network node with cross-connect functionality and colorless and contentionless (but direction-bound) add/drop, and (v) mesh network node with colorless, directionless, and potentially contentionless (depending on D×L WSS capability) add/drop. The WSS can provide flexible-grid attribute, depending on the employed switching technology.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

High-port-count WSS utilizing a PLC front end for high-density packing of fibers and implementing part of the anamorphic optics solution. Top: SPOC design. Bottom: Optical arrangement of the high-port-count WSS with LCoS switching technology for wavelength flexibility.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

CDC-Flex-ROADM implementation with high-port-count WSS. Each add/drop port incorporates a direction-selection switch.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Contentionless D×L WSS utilizing a PLC front end. Top: SPOC design variation. Bottom: Optical arrangement of the contentionless D×L WSS with LCoS switching technology for wavelength flexibility.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Port-reconfigurable WSS array setup using free-space optics. MEMS micromirrors at the fiber beam path enable assignments of the input/output ports for different realization of contentionless D×L WSS, matching the node size.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Schematic of the optical prototype of the 8×8 flex WSXC. Top: Free-space propagation in the dispersion direction. Bottom: Details of free-space propagation in the port direction.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Possible architecture of CDC-flex ROADM based on WSXC. Drop ports require tunable filters, which may be omitted for coherent receivers.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Dual-carrier 400 Gb/s superchannel with spectral support within single WSS transfer function provisioning 75 GHz WSS bandwidth (solid blue line) and a cascade of 10 WSSs (dashed blue line). Each Nyquist-shaped carrier is modeled as a 30 GHz wide (25  GHz+20% overhead) raised cosine channel with 0.2 roll-off factor. Channels’ carriers are separated by 31.25 GHz.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Fine-resolution spectral filter (single input, single output), utilizing a specially engineered WGR to span a typical superchannel bandwidth of 200 GHz and resolve fine spectral features of 1 GHz within. Spectral blocking regions are selected at 400 MHz addressability with an SLM in the Fourier plane.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

CDC-flex-ROADM extended to support subchannel add/drop from network level superchannels. A selected superchannel is split, with one copy incident on a subchannel coherent receiver and the other copy fine filtered to clear the bandwidth for an added subchannel.

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

Exemplary superchannel packing with subchannels of varying bandwidth, when the HSR filter has 1 GHz resolution. Subchannel spectral granularity of 3.125 GHz used (example shows 4, 5, …, 10, 11 slot assignments, total of 64  slots=200  GHz assigned), with the net subchannel bandwidth in parentheses, with 2 GHz reserved for an inter-subchannel GB. WSS superchannel boundary in solid blue line, and cascade of ten WSSs in dashed blue line.

Fig. 13.
Fig. 13.

Proposed implementations of SDM–WDM switching strategies for different switching granularities, drawn for four spatial modes and a degree-four node. (A) Space granularity without SDM lane changes. (B) Space granularity with SDM lane changes. (C) Space–wavelength granularity without SDM lane changes. (D) Space–wavelength granularity with SDM lane changes. (E) Wavelength granularity. (F) Fractional space and full-wavelength granularity without lane changes. (G) Fractional space and full-wavelength granularity with lane changes. Cases (C)–(G) show the switching hardware for one direction only (West).

Fig. 14.
Fig. 14.

Spatial mode demultiplexer between a multimode fiber and SMF array based on a PL. Top: PL written by ultrafast laser inscription. Center: Transfer matrix characteristics between modes and individual SMF for mode selective, mode-group selective, and scrambling PL. Bottom: PL made by fiber tapering.

Fig. 15.
Fig. 15.

WSS multiplexing with a SPOC front end. Three 1×4 WSSs are integrated. The light paths of WSS_A, WSS_B, and WSS_C are shown by solid, broken, and dotted lines, respectively.

Fig. 16.
Fig. 16.

Top: WSS adapted by spatial diversity for joint-switching operation. SDM fibers (MCF shown, but other SDM solutions supported) are spatially demultiplexed and attached to the SMF ports of the WSS. Bottom: Joint switching with space demux (using 3D waveguides) integrated within WSSs, for FMF WSSs supporting three spatial modes.

Fig. 17.
Fig. 17.

SDM WSS with spatial diversity spanning two dimensions. Spatial channels are remapped to rows of the array, and switching is performed in the vertical direction. Input row(s) steered to desired output row(s).

Fig. 18.
Fig. 18.

FMF WSS with multimode beams propagated and steered within the WSS.

Fig. 19.
Fig. 19.

Baseline ROADM node architecture used for the cost analysis.

Fig. 20.
Fig. 20.

Comparison of ROADM normalized costs for considered capacity expansion options.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

TABLE I Switching Hardware for a Network Node of Degree 4 and Spatial Channel Count of 12

Tables Icon

TABLE II Comparison Between SDM–WDM Switching Strategies (Adapted From [65])