Abstract

A multiflow transponder in flex-grid optical networks has recently been proposed as a transponder solution to generate multiple optical flows (or subcarriers). Multiflow transponders support high-rate super-channels (i.e., connection composed of multiple corouted subcarriers contiguous in the spectrum) and sliceability; i.e., flows can be flexibly associated to the incoming traffic requests, and, besides composing a super-channel, they can be directed toward different destinations. Transponders supporting sliceability are also called sliceable transponders or sliceable bandwidth variable transponders (SBVTs). Typically, in the literature, SBVTs have been considered composed of multiple laser sources (i.e., one for each subcarrier). In this paper, we propose and evaluate a novel multirate, multimodulation, and code-rate adaptive SBVT architecture. Subcarriers are obtained either through multiple laser sources (i.e., a laser for each subcarrier) or by exploiting a more innovative and cost-effective solution based on a multiwavelength source and micro-ring resonators (MRRs). A multiwavelength source is able to create several optical subcarriers from a single laser source. Then, cascaded MRRs are used to select subcarriers and direct them to the proper modulator. MRRs are designed and analyzed through simulations in this paper. An advanced transmission technique such as time frequency packing is also included. A specific implementation of a SBVT enabling an information rate of 400Gb/s is presented considering standard 100 GbE interfaces. A node architecture supporting SBVT is also considered. A simulation analysis is carried out in a flex-grid network. The proposed SBVT architecture with a multiwavelength source permits us to reduce the number of required lasers in the network.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (4)

2012 (4)

M. Jinno, H. Takara, Y. Sone, K. Yonenaga, and A. Hirano, “Multiflow optical transponder for efficient multilayer optical networking,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 5, pp. 56–65, 2012.
[CrossRef]

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 2, pp. s12–s20, Feb. 2012.
[CrossRef]

N. Sambo, P. Castoldi, F. Cugini, G. Bottari, and P. Iovanna, “Toward high-rate and flexible optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 5, pp. 66–72, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

F. Cugini, G. Meloni, F. Paolucci, N. Sambo, M. Secondini, L. Gerardi, L. Pot, and P. Castoldi, “Demonstration of flexible optical network based on path computation element,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  30, no. 5, pp. 727–733, Mar. 2012.
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2007 (2)

2002 (1)

A. Yariv, “Critical coupling and its control in optical waveguide-ring resonator systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  14, no. 4, pp. 483–485, 2002.
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

L. Bahl, J. Cocke, F. Jelinek, and J. Raviv, “Optimal decoding of linear codes for minimizing symbol error rate,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory, vol.  20, no. 2, pp. 284–287, 1974.

Aisawa, S.

T. Ohara, M. Teshima, S. Aisawa, and M. Jinno, “OTN technology for multi-flow optical transponder in elastic 400G/1T transmission era,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2012.

Amatya, R.

R. Amatya, C. Holzwarth, M. Popovic, F. Gan, H. Smith, F. Kartner, and R. Ram, “Low power thermal tuning of second-order microring resonators,” in Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 2007.

Anandarajah, P.

P. Anandarajah, R. Zhou, R. Maher, M. Gutierrez Pascual, F. Smyth, V. Vujicic, and L. Barry, “Flexible optical comb source for super channel systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

Ataie, V.

V. Ataie, B.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, and S. Radic, “Generation of 1500-tone, 120  nm-wide ultraflat frequency comb by single CW source,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

Bahl, L.

L. Bahl, J. Cocke, F. Jelinek, and J. Raviv, “Optimal decoding of linear codes for minimizing symbol error rate,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory, vol.  20, no. 2, pp. 284–287, 1974.

Barbieri, A.

A. Barbieri, D. Fertonani, and G. Colavolpe, “Time-frequency packing for linear modulations: Spectral efficiency and practical detection schemes,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  57, no. 10, pp. 2951–2959, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Barry, L.

P. Anandarajah, R. Zhou, R. Maher, M. Gutierrez Pascual, F. Smyth, V. Vujicic, and L. Barry, “Flexible optical comb source for super channel systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

Beals, M.

Beattie, J.

Berg, H. V. D.

J. Pozo, W. Westerveld, P. J. Harmsma, S. Yang, P. Bodis, R. Nieuwland, M. Lagioia, D. M. R. L. Cascio, J. Staats, R. Schmits, H. V. D. Berg, E. Tabak, K. Green, H. P. Urbach, L. K. Cheng, and M. Yousefi, “Silicon on insulator photonic integrated sensors: On-chip sensing and interrogation,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Berrettini, G.

F. Cugini, F. Paolucci, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, M. Secondini, F. Fresi, N. Sambo, L. Poti, and P. Castoldi, “Push-pull defragmentation without traffic disruption in flexible grid optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 1, pp. 125–133, Jan. 2013.
[CrossRef]

N. Sambo, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, F. Paolucci, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, F. Cugini, L. Poti, and P. Castoldi, “Demonstration of data and control plane for optical multicast at 100 and 200  Gb/s with and without frequency conversion,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  5, no. 7, pp. 667–676, 2013.
[CrossRef]

N. Sambo, F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, M. Secondini, L. Pot, G. Berrettini, G. Meloni, F. Fresi, G. Bottari, and P. Castoldi, “Software defined code-rate-adaptive terabit/s based on time-frequency packing,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Mar. 2013.

L. Pot, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, F. Fresi, M. Secondini, T. Foggi, G. Colavolpe, E. Forestieri, A. D’Errico, F. Cavaliere, R. Sabella, and G. Prati, “Casting 1  Tb/s DP-QPSK communication into 200  GHz bandwidth,” in Proc. European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2012.

Blivin, C.

E. Marchena, T. Creazzo, S. Krasulick, P. Yu, D. Van Orden, J. Spann, C. Blivin, J. Dallesasse, P. Varangis, R. Stone, and A. Mizrahi, “Integrated tunable CMOS laser for Si photonics,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

Bodis, P.

J. Pozo, W. Westerveld, P. J. Harmsma, S. Yang, P. Bodis, R. Nieuwland, M. Lagioia, D. M. R. L. Cascio, J. Staats, R. Schmits, H. V. D. Berg, E. Tabak, K. Green, H. P. Urbach, L. K. Cheng, and M. Yousefi, “Silicon on insulator photonic integrated sensors: On-chip sensing and interrogation,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Bogoni, A.

N. Sambo, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, F. Paolucci, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, F. Cugini, L. Poti, and P. Castoldi, “Demonstration of data and control plane for optical multicast at 100 and 200  Gb/s with and without frequency conversion,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  5, no. 7, pp. 667–676, 2013.
[CrossRef]

P. Ghelfi, F. Cugini, L. Poti, A. Bogoni, P. Castoldi, R. di Muro, and B. Nayar, “Optical cross connects architecture with per-node add and drop functionality,” in Optical Fiber Communication and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2007.

Bottari, G.

N. Sambo, P. Castoldi, F. Cugini, G. Bottari, and P. Iovanna, “Toward high-rate and flexible optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 5, pp. 66–72, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

F. Cugini, F. Paolucci, N. Sambo, L. Pot, A. D’Errico, and G. Bottari, “Reliable flexible-ROADM architecture enabling modulation format adaptation,” in 38th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2012.

N. Sambo, F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, M. Secondini, L. Pot, G. Berrettini, G. Meloni, F. Fresi, G. Bottari, and P. Castoldi, “Software defined code-rate-adaptive terabit/s based on time-frequency packing,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Mar. 2013.

N. Sambo, F. Cugini, G. Bottari, G. Bruno, P. Iovanna, and P. Castoldi, “Lightpath provisioning in wavelength switched optical networks with flexible grid,” in Proc. European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2011.

Bottari, P.

N. Sambo, F. Cugini, P. Bottari, G. Iovanna, and P. Castoldi, “Routing and spectrum assignment for super-channels in flex-grid optical networks,” in Proc. European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2012.

Bruno, G.

N. Sambo, F. Cugini, G. Bottari, G. Bruno, P. Iovanna, and P. Castoldi, “Lightpath provisioning in wavelength switched optical networks with flexible grid,” in Proc. European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2011.

Cai, X.

X. Cai, K. Wen, R. Proietti, Y. Yin, R. Scott, C. Qin, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Experimental demonstration of adaptive combinational QoT failure restoration in flexible bandwidth networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2012.

Carothers, D.

Cascio, D. M. R. L.

J. Pozo, W. Westerveld, P. J. Harmsma, S. Yang, P. Bodis, R. Nieuwland, M. Lagioia, D. M. R. L. Cascio, J. Staats, R. Schmits, H. V. D. Berg, E. Tabak, K. Green, H. P. Urbach, L. K. Cheng, and M. Yousefi, “Silicon on insulator photonic integrated sensors: On-chip sensing and interrogation,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Casellas, R.

Castoldi, P.

N. Sambo, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, F. Paolucci, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, F. Cugini, L. Poti, and P. Castoldi, “Demonstration of data and control plane for optical multicast at 100 and 200  Gb/s with and without frequency conversion,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  5, no. 7, pp. 667–676, 2013.
[CrossRef]

F. Cugini, F. Paolucci, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, M. Secondini, F. Fresi, N. Sambo, L. Poti, and P. Castoldi, “Push-pull defragmentation without traffic disruption in flexible grid optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 1, pp. 125–133, Jan. 2013.
[CrossRef]

F. Cugini, G. Meloni, F. Paolucci, N. Sambo, M. Secondini, L. Gerardi, L. Pot, and P. Castoldi, “Demonstration of flexible optical network based on path computation element,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  30, no. 5, pp. 727–733, Mar. 2012.
[CrossRef]

N. Sambo, P. Castoldi, F. Cugini, G. Bottari, and P. Iovanna, “Toward high-rate and flexible optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 5, pp. 66–72, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

N. Sambo, F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, M. Secondini, L. Pot, G. Berrettini, G. Meloni, F. Fresi, G. Bottari, and P. Castoldi, “Software defined code-rate-adaptive terabit/s based on time-frequency packing,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Mar. 2013.

P. Ghelfi, F. Cugini, L. Poti, A. Bogoni, P. Castoldi, R. di Muro, and B. Nayar, “Optical cross connects architecture with per-node add and drop functionality,” in Optical Fiber Communication and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2007.

N. Sambo, F. Cugini, G. Bottari, G. Bruno, P. Iovanna, and P. Castoldi, “Lightpath provisioning in wavelength switched optical networks with flexible grid,” in Proc. European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2011.

N. Sambo, F. Cugini, P. Bottari, G. Iovanna, and P. Castoldi, “Routing and spectrum assignment for super-channels in flex-grid optical networks,” in Proc. European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2012.

Cavaliere, F.

L. Pot, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, F. Fresi, M. Secondini, T. Foggi, G. Colavolpe, E. Forestieri, A. D’Errico, F. Cavaliere, R. Sabella, and G. Prati, “Casting 1  Tb/s DP-QPSK communication into 200  GHz bandwidth,” in Proc. European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2012.

Chen, L.

L. Chen, N. Sherwood-Droz, and M. Lipson, “Compact bandwidth-tunable microring resonators,” Opt. Express, vol.  32, no. 22, pp. 3361–3363, 2007.

Chen, Y.-k.

Cheng, L. K.

J. Pozo, W. Westerveld, P. J. Harmsma, S. Yang, P. Bodis, R. Nieuwland, M. Lagioia, D. M. R. L. Cascio, J. Staats, R. Schmits, H. V. D. Berg, E. Tabak, K. Green, H. P. Urbach, L. K. Cheng, and M. Yousefi, “Silicon on insulator photonic integrated sensors: On-chip sensing and interrogation,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Choi, H. Y.

Cocke, J.

L. Bahl, J. Cocke, F. Jelinek, and J. Raviv, “Optimal decoding of linear codes for minimizing symbol error rate,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory, vol.  20, no. 2, pp. 284–287, 1974.

Colavolpe, G.

A. Barbieri, D. Fertonani, and G. Colavolpe, “Time-frequency packing for linear modulations: Spectral efficiency and practical detection schemes,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  57, no. 10, pp. 2951–2959, 2009.
[CrossRef]

L. Pot, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, F. Fresi, M. Secondini, T. Foggi, G. Colavolpe, E. Forestieri, A. D’Errico, F. Cavaliere, R. Sabella, and G. Prati, “Casting 1  Tb/s DP-QPSK communication into 200  GHz bandwidth,” in Proc. European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2012.

Collings, B.

P. Roorda and B. Collings, “Evolution to colorless and directionless ROADM architectures,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2008.

Creazzo, T.

E. Marchena, T. Creazzo, S. Krasulick, P. Yu, D. Van Orden, J. Spann, C. Blivin, J. Dallesasse, P. Varangis, R. Stone, and A. Mizrahi, “Integrated tunable CMOS laser for Si photonics,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

Cugini, F.

F. Cugini, F. Paolucci, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, M. Secondini, F. Fresi, N. Sambo, L. Poti, and P. Castoldi, “Push-pull defragmentation without traffic disruption in flexible grid optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 1, pp. 125–133, Jan. 2013.
[CrossRef]

N. Sambo, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, F. Paolucci, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, F. Cugini, L. Poti, and P. Castoldi, “Demonstration of data and control plane for optical multicast at 100 and 200  Gb/s with and without frequency conversion,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  5, no. 7, pp. 667–676, 2013.
[CrossRef]

F. Cugini, G. Meloni, F. Paolucci, N. Sambo, M. Secondini, L. Gerardi, L. Pot, and P. Castoldi, “Demonstration of flexible optical network based on path computation element,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  30, no. 5, pp. 727–733, Mar. 2012.
[CrossRef]

N. Sambo, P. Castoldi, F. Cugini, G. Bottari, and P. Iovanna, “Toward high-rate and flexible optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 5, pp. 66–72, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

F. Cugini, F. Paolucci, N. Sambo, L. Pot, A. D’Errico, and G. Bottari, “Reliable flexible-ROADM architecture enabling modulation format adaptation,” in 38th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2012.

P. Ghelfi, F. Cugini, L. Poti, A. Bogoni, P. Castoldi, R. di Muro, and B. Nayar, “Optical cross connects architecture with per-node add and drop functionality,” in Optical Fiber Communication and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2007.

N. Sambo, F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, M. Secondini, L. Pot, G. Berrettini, G. Meloni, F. Fresi, G. Bottari, and P. Castoldi, “Software defined code-rate-adaptive terabit/s based on time-frequency packing,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Mar. 2013.

N. Sambo, F. Cugini, G. Bottari, G. Bruno, P. Iovanna, and P. Castoldi, “Lightpath provisioning in wavelength switched optical networks with flexible grid,” in Proc. European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2011.

N. Sambo, F. Cugini, P. Bottari, G. Iovanna, and P. Castoldi, “Routing and spectrum assignment for super-channels in flex-grid optical networks,” in Proc. European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2012.

D’Errico, A.

L. Pot, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, F. Fresi, M. Secondini, T. Foggi, G. Colavolpe, E. Forestieri, A. D’Errico, F. Cavaliere, R. Sabella, and G. Prati, “Casting 1  Tb/s DP-QPSK communication into 200  GHz bandwidth,” in Proc. European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2012.

F. Cugini, F. Paolucci, N. Sambo, L. Pot, A. D’Errico, and G. Bottari, “Reliable flexible-ROADM architecture enabling modulation format adaptation,” in 38th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2012.

Dallesasse, J.

E. Marchena, T. Creazzo, S. Krasulick, P. Yu, D. Van Orden, J. Spann, C. Blivin, J. Dallesasse, P. Varangis, R. Stone, and A. Mizrahi, “Integrated tunable CMOS laser for Si photonics,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

De Leenheer, M.

Demeester, P.

Develder, C.

Dhoedt, B.

di Muro, R.

P. Ghelfi, F. Cugini, L. Poti, A. Bogoni, P. Castoldi, R. di Muro, and B. Nayar, “Optical cross connects architecture with per-node add and drop functionality,” in Optical Fiber Communication and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2007.

Fertonani, D.

A. Barbieri, D. Fertonani, and G. Colavolpe, “Time-frequency packing for linear modulations: Spectral efficiency and practical detection schemes,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  57, no. 10, pp. 2951–2959, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Foggi, T.

L. Pot, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, F. Fresi, M. Secondini, T. Foggi, G. Colavolpe, E. Forestieri, A. D’Errico, F. Cavaliere, R. Sabella, and G. Prati, “Casting 1  Tb/s DP-QPSK communication into 200  GHz bandwidth,” in Proc. European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2012.

Forestieri, E.

L. Pot, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, F. Fresi, M. Secondini, T. Foggi, G. Colavolpe, E. Forestieri, A. D’Errico, F. Cavaliere, R. Sabella, and G. Prati, “Casting 1  Tb/s DP-QPSK communication into 200  GHz bandwidth,” in Proc. European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2012.

Fresi, F.

F. Cugini, F. Paolucci, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, M. Secondini, F. Fresi, N. Sambo, L. Poti, and P. Castoldi, “Push-pull defragmentation without traffic disruption in flexible grid optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 1, pp. 125–133, Jan. 2013.
[CrossRef]

L. Pot, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, F. Fresi, M. Secondini, T. Foggi, G. Colavolpe, E. Forestieri, A. D’Errico, F. Cavaliere, R. Sabella, and G. Prati, “Casting 1  Tb/s DP-QPSK communication into 200  GHz bandwidth,” in Proc. European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2012.

N. Sambo, F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, M. Secondini, L. Pot, G. Berrettini, G. Meloni, F. Fresi, G. Bottari, and P. Castoldi, “Software defined code-rate-adaptive terabit/s based on time-frequency packing,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Mar. 2013.

Freude, W.

A. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, I. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Flexible RF-based comb generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 701–704, 2013.
[CrossRef]

Gan, F.

R. Amatya, C. Holzwarth, M. Popovic, F. Gan, H. Smith, F. Kartner, and R. Ram, “Low power thermal tuning of second-order microring resonators,” in Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 2007.

Gerardi, L.

Gerstel, O.

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 2, pp. s12–s20, Feb. 2012.
[CrossRef]

Ghelfi, P.

P. Ghelfi, F. Cugini, L. Poti, A. Bogoni, P. Castoldi, R. di Muro, and B. Nayar, “Optical cross connects architecture with per-node add and drop functionality,” in Optical Fiber Communication and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2007.

Gill, D. M.

Goh, T.

H. Takara, T. Goh, K. Shibahara, K. Yonenaga, S. Kawai, and M. Jinno, “Experimental demonstration of 400  Gb/s multi-flow, multi-rate, multi-reach optical transmitter for efficient elastic spectral routing,” in 37th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2011.

Green, K.

J. Pozo, W. Westerveld, P. J. Harmsma, S. Yang, P. Bodis, R. Nieuwland, M. Lagioia, D. M. R. L. Cascio, J. Staats, R. Schmits, H. V. D. Berg, E. Tabak, K. Green, H. P. Urbach, L. K. Cheng, and M. Yousefi, “Silicon on insulator photonic integrated sensors: On-chip sensing and interrogation,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Gutierrez Pascual, M.

P. Anandarajah, R. Zhou, R. Maher, M. Gutierrez Pascual, F. Smyth, V. Vujicic, and L. Barry, “Flexible optical comb source for super channel systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

Harmsma, P. J.

J. Pozo, W. Westerveld, P. J. Harmsma, S. Yang, P. Bodis, R. Nieuwland, M. Lagioia, D. M. R. L. Cascio, J. Staats, R. Schmits, H. V. D. Berg, E. Tabak, K. Green, H. P. Urbach, L. K. Cheng, and M. Yousefi, “Silicon on insulator photonic integrated sensors: On-chip sensing and interrogation,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Hillerkuss, D.

A. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, I. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Flexible RF-based comb generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 701–704, 2013.
[CrossRef]

Hirano, A.

M. Jinno, H. Takara, Y. Sone, K. Yonenaga, and A. Hirano, “Multiflow optical transponder for efficient multilayer optical networking,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 5, pp. 56–65, 2012.
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

A. Hirano, H.-J. Schmidtke, and L. Velasco, “Will flexgrid networks be worth the investment for just 30% improvement?” presented at OFC Workshop, 2013, session number OSu1F.

Holzwarth, C.

R. Amatya, C. Holzwarth, M. Popovic, F. Gan, H. Smith, F. Kartner, and R. Ram, “Low power thermal tuning of second-order microring resonators,” in Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 2007.

Iovanna, G.

N. Sambo, F. Cugini, P. Bottari, G. Iovanna, and P. Castoldi, “Routing and spectrum assignment for super-channels in flex-grid optical networks,” in Proc. European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2012.

Iovanna, P.

N. Sambo, P. Castoldi, F. Cugini, G. Bottari, and P. Iovanna, “Toward high-rate and flexible optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 5, pp. 66–72, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

N. Sambo, F. Cugini, G. Bottari, G. Bruno, P. Iovanna, and P. Castoldi, “Lightpath provisioning in wavelength switched optical networks with flexible grid,” in Proc. European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2011.

Jelinek, F.

L. Bahl, J. Cocke, F. Jelinek, and J. Raviv, “Optimal decoding of linear codes for minimizing symbol error rate,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory, vol.  20, no. 2, pp. 284–287, 1974.

Jinno, M.

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 2, pp. s12–s20, Feb. 2012.
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, H. Takara, Y. Sone, K. Yonenaga, and A. Hirano, “Multiflow optical transponder for efficient multilayer optical networking,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 5, pp. 56–65, 2012.
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

H. Takara, T. Goh, K. Shibahara, K. Yonenaga, S. Kawai, and M. Jinno, “Experimental demonstration of 400  Gb/s multi-flow, multi-rate, multi-reach optical transmitter for efficient elastic spectral routing,” in 37th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2011.

T. Ohara, M. Teshima, S. Aisawa, and M. Jinno, “OTN technology for multi-flow optical transponder in elastic 400G/1T transmission era,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2012.

Kartner, F.

R. Amatya, C. Holzwarth, M. Popovic, F. Gan, H. Smith, F. Kartner, and R. Ram, “Low power thermal tuning of second-order microring resonators,” in Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 2007.

Kawai, S.

H. Takara, T. Goh, K. Shibahara, K. Yonenaga, S. Kawai, and M. Jinno, “Experimental demonstration of 400  Gb/s multi-flow, multi-rate, multi-reach optical transmitter for efficient elastic spectral routing,” in 37th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2011.

Kimerling, L. C.

Klonidis, D.

Koos, C.

A. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, I. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Flexible RF-based comb generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 701–704, 2013.
[CrossRef]

Kozicki, B.

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Krasulick, S.

E. Marchena, T. Creazzo, S. Krasulick, P. Yu, D. Van Orden, J. Spann, C. Blivin, J. Dallesasse, P. Varangis, R. Stone, and A. Mizrahi, “Integrated tunable CMOS laser for Si photonics,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

Kuo, B.-P.

V. Ataie, B.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, and S. Radic, “Generation of 1500-tone, 120  nm-wide ultraflat frequency comb by single CW source,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

Lagioia, M.

J. Pozo, W. Westerveld, P. J. Harmsma, S. Yang, P. Bodis, R. Nieuwland, M. Lagioia, D. M. R. L. Cascio, J. Staats, R. Schmits, H. V. D. Berg, E. Tabak, K. Green, H. P. Urbach, L. K. Cheng, and M. Yousefi, “Silicon on insulator photonic integrated sensors: On-chip sensing and interrogation,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Leaird, D.

A. Metcalf, V. Torres-Company, D. Leaird, and A. Weiner, “Stand-alone high-power broadly tunable optoelectronic frequency comb generator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

Leuthold, J.

A. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, I. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Flexible RF-based comb generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 701–704, 2013.
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

L. Chen, N. Sherwood-Droz, and M. Lipson, “Compact bandwidth-tunable microring resonators,” Opt. Express, vol.  32, no. 22, pp. 3361–3363, 2007.

Liu, L.

Lord, A.

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 2, pp. s12–s20, Feb. 2012.
[CrossRef]

Maher, R.

P. Anandarajah, R. Zhou, R. Maher, M. Gutierrez Pascual, F. Smyth, V. Vujicic, and L. Barry, “Flexible optical comb source for super channel systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

Malacarne, A.

Marchena, E.

E. Marchena, T. Creazzo, S. Krasulick, P. Yu, D. Van Orden, J. Spann, C. Blivin, J. Dallesasse, P. Varangis, R. Stone, and A. Mizrahi, “Integrated tunable CMOS laser for Si photonics,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

Martinez, R.

Meloni, G.

N. Sambo, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, F. Paolucci, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, F. Cugini, L. Poti, and P. Castoldi, “Demonstration of data and control plane for optical multicast at 100 and 200  Gb/s with and without frequency conversion,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  5, no. 7, pp. 667–676, 2013.
[CrossRef]

F. Cugini, F. Paolucci, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, M. Secondini, F. Fresi, N. Sambo, L. Poti, and P. Castoldi, “Push-pull defragmentation without traffic disruption in flexible grid optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 1, pp. 125–133, Jan. 2013.
[CrossRef]

F. Cugini, G. Meloni, F. Paolucci, N. Sambo, M. Secondini, L. Gerardi, L. Pot, and P. Castoldi, “Demonstration of flexible optical network based on path computation element,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  30, no. 5, pp. 727–733, Mar. 2012.
[CrossRef]

N. Sambo, F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, M. Secondini, L. Pot, G. Berrettini, G. Meloni, F. Fresi, G. Bottari, and P. Castoldi, “Software defined code-rate-adaptive terabit/s based on time-frequency packing,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Mar. 2013.

L. Pot, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, F. Fresi, M. Secondini, T. Foggi, G. Colavolpe, E. Forestieri, A. D’Errico, F. Cavaliere, R. Sabella, and G. Prati, “Casting 1  Tb/s DP-QPSK communication into 200  GHz bandwidth,” in Proc. European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2012.

Metcalf, A.

A. Metcalf, V. Torres-Company, D. Leaird, and A. Weiner, “Stand-alone high-power broadly tunable optoelectronic frequency comb generator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

Michel, J.

Mishra, A.

A. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, I. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Flexible RF-based comb generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 701–704, 2013.
[CrossRef]

Mizrahi, A.

E. Marchena, T. Creazzo, S. Krasulick, P. Yu, D. Van Orden, J. Spann, C. Blivin, J. Dallesasse, P. Varangis, R. Stone, and A. Mizrahi, “Integrated tunable CMOS laser for Si photonics,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

Morita, I.

Munoz, R.

Myslivets, E.

V. Ataie, B.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, and S. Radic, “Generation of 1500-tone, 120  nm-wide ultraflat frequency comb by single CW source,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

Nayar, B.

P. Ghelfi, F. Cugini, L. Poti, A. Bogoni, P. Castoldi, R. di Muro, and B. Nayar, “Optical cross connects architecture with per-node add and drop functionality,” in Optical Fiber Communication and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2007.

Nejabati, R.

Nieuwland, R.

J. Pozo, W. Westerveld, P. J. Harmsma, S. Yang, P. Bodis, R. Nieuwland, M. Lagioia, D. M. R. L. Cascio, J. Staats, R. Schmits, H. V. D. Berg, E. Tabak, K. Green, H. P. Urbach, L. K. Cheng, and M. Yousefi, “Silicon on insulator photonic integrated sensors: On-chip sensing and interrogation,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Ohara, T.

T. Ohara, M. Teshima, S. Aisawa, and M. Jinno, “OTN technology for multi-flow optical transponder in elastic 400G/1T transmission era,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2012.

Paolucci, F.

Patel, S. S.

Pomerene, A.

Popovic, M.

R. Amatya, C. Holzwarth, M. Popovic, F. Gan, H. Smith, F. Kartner, and R. Ram, “Low power thermal tuning of second-order microring resonators,” in Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 2007.

Pot, L.

F. Cugini, G. Meloni, F. Paolucci, N. Sambo, M. Secondini, L. Gerardi, L. Pot, and P. Castoldi, “Demonstration of flexible optical network based on path computation element,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  30, no. 5, pp. 727–733, Mar. 2012.
[CrossRef]

F. Cugini, F. Paolucci, N. Sambo, L. Pot, A. D’Errico, and G. Bottari, “Reliable flexible-ROADM architecture enabling modulation format adaptation,” in 38th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2012.

N. Sambo, F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, M. Secondini, L. Pot, G. Berrettini, G. Meloni, F. Fresi, G. Bottari, and P. Castoldi, “Software defined code-rate-adaptive terabit/s based on time-frequency packing,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Mar. 2013.

L. Pot, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, F. Fresi, M. Secondini, T. Foggi, G. Colavolpe, E. Forestieri, A. D’Errico, F. Cavaliere, R. Sabella, and G. Prati, “Casting 1  Tb/s DP-QPSK communication into 200  GHz bandwidth,” in Proc. European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2012.

Poti, L.

Pozo, J.

J. Pozo, W. Westerveld, P. J. Harmsma, S. Yang, P. Bodis, R. Nieuwland, M. Lagioia, D. M. R. L. Cascio, J. Staats, R. Schmits, H. V. D. Berg, E. Tabak, K. Green, H. P. Urbach, L. K. Cheng, and M. Yousefi, “Silicon on insulator photonic integrated sensors: On-chip sensing and interrogation,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Prati, G.

L. Pot, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, F. Fresi, M. Secondini, T. Foggi, G. Colavolpe, E. Forestieri, A. D’Errico, F. Cavaliere, R. Sabella, and G. Prati, “Casting 1  Tb/s DP-QPSK communication into 200  GHz bandwidth,” in Proc. European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2012.

Proietti, R.

X. Cai, K. Wen, R. Proietti, Y. Yin, R. Scott, C. Qin, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Experimental demonstration of adaptive combinational QoT failure restoration in flexible bandwidth networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2012.

Qin, C.

X. Cai, K. Wen, R. Proietti, Y. Yin, R. Scott, C. Qin, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Experimental demonstration of adaptive combinational QoT failure restoration in flexible bandwidth networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2012.

Qin, Y.

Radic, S.

V. Ataie, B.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, and S. Radic, “Generation of 1500-tone, 120  nm-wide ultraflat frequency comb by single CW source,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

Ram, R.

R. Amatya, C. Holzwarth, M. Popovic, F. Gan, H. Smith, F. Kartner, and R. Ram, “Low power thermal tuning of second-order microring resonators,” in Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 2007.

Rasras, M.

Raviv, J.

L. Bahl, J. Cocke, F. Jelinek, and J. Raviv, “Optimal decoding of linear codes for minimizing symbol error rate,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory, vol.  20, no. 2, pp. 284–287, 1974.

Rooks, M.

Roorda, P.

P. Roorda and B. Collings, “Evolution to colorless and directionless ROADM architectures,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2008.

Sabella, R.

L. Pot, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, F. Fresi, M. Secondini, T. Foggi, G. Colavolpe, E. Forestieri, A. D’Errico, F. Cavaliere, R. Sabella, and G. Prati, “Casting 1  Tb/s DP-QPSK communication into 200  GHz bandwidth,” in Proc. European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2012.

Sadeghioon, L.

Sambo, N.

N. Sambo, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, F. Paolucci, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, F. Cugini, L. Poti, and P. Castoldi, “Demonstration of data and control plane for optical multicast at 100 and 200  Gb/s with and without frequency conversion,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  5, no. 7, pp. 667–676, 2013.
[CrossRef]

F. Cugini, F. Paolucci, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, M. Secondini, F. Fresi, N. Sambo, L. Poti, and P. Castoldi, “Push-pull defragmentation without traffic disruption in flexible grid optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 1, pp. 125–133, Jan. 2013.
[CrossRef]

N. Sambo, P. Castoldi, F. Cugini, G. Bottari, and P. Iovanna, “Toward high-rate and flexible optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 5, pp. 66–72, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

F. Cugini, G. Meloni, F. Paolucci, N. Sambo, M. Secondini, L. Gerardi, L. Pot, and P. Castoldi, “Demonstration of flexible optical network based on path computation element,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  30, no. 5, pp. 727–733, Mar. 2012.
[CrossRef]

F. Cugini, F. Paolucci, N. Sambo, L. Pot, A. D’Errico, and G. Bottari, “Reliable flexible-ROADM architecture enabling modulation format adaptation,” in 38th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2012.

N. Sambo, F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, M. Secondini, L. Pot, G. Berrettini, G. Meloni, F. Fresi, G. Bottari, and P. Castoldi, “Software defined code-rate-adaptive terabit/s based on time-frequency packing,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Mar. 2013.

N. Sambo, F. Cugini, G. Bottari, G. Bruno, P. Iovanna, and P. Castoldi, “Lightpath provisioning in wavelength switched optical networks with flexible grid,” in Proc. European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2011.

N. Sambo, F. Cugini, P. Bottari, G. Iovanna, and P. Castoldi, “Routing and spectrum assignment for super-channels in flex-grid optical networks,” in Proc. European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2012.

Schmidtke, H.-J.

A. Hirano, H.-J. Schmidtke, and L. Velasco, “Will flexgrid networks be worth the investment for just 30% improvement?” presented at OFC Workshop, 2013, session number OSu1F.

Schmits, R.

J. Pozo, W. Westerveld, P. J. Harmsma, S. Yang, P. Bodis, R. Nieuwland, M. Lagioia, D. M. R. L. Cascio, J. Staats, R. Schmits, H. V. D. Berg, E. Tabak, K. Green, H. P. Urbach, L. K. Cheng, and M. Yousefi, “Silicon on insulator photonic integrated sensors: On-chip sensing and interrogation,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Schmogrow, R.

A. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, I. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Flexible RF-based comb generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 701–704, 2013.
[CrossRef]

Scott, R.

X. Cai, K. Wen, R. Proietti, Y. Yin, R. Scott, C. Qin, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Experimental demonstration of adaptive combinational QoT failure restoration in flexible bandwidth networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2012.

Secondini, M.

F. Cugini, F. Paolucci, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, M. Secondini, F. Fresi, N. Sambo, L. Poti, and P. Castoldi, “Push-pull defragmentation without traffic disruption in flexible grid optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 1, pp. 125–133, Jan. 2013.
[CrossRef]

F. Cugini, G. Meloni, F. Paolucci, N. Sambo, M. Secondini, L. Gerardi, L. Pot, and P. Castoldi, “Demonstration of flexible optical network based on path computation element,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  30, no. 5, pp. 727–733, Mar. 2012.
[CrossRef]

N. Sambo, F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, M. Secondini, L. Pot, G. Berrettini, G. Meloni, F. Fresi, G. Bottari, and P. Castoldi, “Software defined code-rate-adaptive terabit/s based on time-frequency packing,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Mar. 2013.

L. Pot, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, F. Fresi, M. Secondini, T. Foggi, G. Colavolpe, E. Forestieri, A. D’Errico, F. Cavaliere, R. Sabella, and G. Prati, “Casting 1  Tb/s DP-QPSK communication into 200  GHz bandwidth,” in Proc. European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2012.

Sekaric, L.

Sherwood-Droz, N.

L. Chen, N. Sherwood-Droz, and M. Lipson, “Compact bandwidth-tunable microring resonators,” Opt. Express, vol.  32, no. 22, pp. 3361–3363, 2007.

Shibahara, K.

H. Takara, T. Goh, K. Shibahara, K. Yonenaga, S. Kawai, and M. Jinno, “Experimental demonstration of 400  Gb/s multi-flow, multi-rate, multi-reach optical transmitter for efficient elastic spectral routing,” in 37th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2011.

Simeonidou, D.

Smith, H.

R. Amatya, C. Holzwarth, M. Popovic, F. Gan, H. Smith, F. Kartner, and R. Ram, “Low power thermal tuning of second-order microring resonators,” in Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 2007.

Smyth, F.

P. Anandarajah, R. Zhou, R. Maher, M. Gutierrez Pascual, F. Smyth, V. Vujicic, and L. Barry, “Flexible optical comb source for super channel systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

Sone, Y.

M. Jinno, H. Takara, Y. Sone, K. Yonenaga, and A. Hirano, “Multiflow optical transponder for efficient multilayer optical networking,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 5, pp. 56–65, 2012.
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Spann, J.

E. Marchena, T. Creazzo, S. Krasulick, P. Yu, D. Van Orden, J. Spann, C. Blivin, J. Dallesasse, P. Varangis, R. Stone, and A. Mizrahi, “Integrated tunable CMOS laser for Si photonics,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

Staats, J.

J. Pozo, W. Westerveld, P. J. Harmsma, S. Yang, P. Bodis, R. Nieuwland, M. Lagioia, D. M. R. L. Cascio, J. Staats, R. Schmits, H. V. D. Berg, E. Tabak, K. Green, H. P. Urbach, L. K. Cheng, and M. Yousefi, “Silicon on insulator photonic integrated sensors: On-chip sensing and interrogation,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Stone, R.

E. Marchena, T. Creazzo, S. Krasulick, P. Yu, D. Van Orden, J. Spann, C. Blivin, J. Dallesasse, P. Varangis, R. Stone, and A. Mizrahi, “Integrated tunable CMOS laser for Si photonics,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

Tabak, E.

J. Pozo, W. Westerveld, P. J. Harmsma, S. Yang, P. Bodis, R. Nieuwland, M. Lagioia, D. M. R. L. Cascio, J. Staats, R. Schmits, H. V. D. Berg, E. Tabak, K. Green, H. P. Urbach, L. K. Cheng, and M. Yousefi, “Silicon on insulator photonic integrated sensors: On-chip sensing and interrogation,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Takara, H.

M. Jinno, H. Takara, Y. Sone, K. Yonenaga, and A. Hirano, “Multiflow optical transponder for efficient multilayer optical networking,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 5, pp. 56–65, 2012.
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

H. Takara, T. Goh, K. Shibahara, K. Yonenaga, S. Kawai, and M. Jinno, “Experimental demonstration of 400  Gb/s multi-flow, multi-rate, multi-reach optical transmitter for efficient elastic spectral routing,” in 37th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2011.

Tanaka, T.

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Teshima, M.

T. Ohara, M. Teshima, S. Aisawa, and M. Jinno, “OTN technology for multi-flow optical transponder in elastic 400G/1T transmission era,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2012.

Tomkos, I.

A. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, I. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Flexible RF-based comb generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 701–704, 2013.
[CrossRef]

Torres-Company, V.

A. Metcalf, V. Torres-Company, D. Leaird, and A. Weiner, “Stand-alone high-power broadly tunable optoelectronic frequency comb generator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

Tsuritani, T.

Tu, K.-Y.

Urbach, H. P.

J. Pozo, W. Westerveld, P. J. Harmsma, S. Yang, P. Bodis, R. Nieuwland, M. Lagioia, D. M. R. L. Cascio, J. Staats, R. Schmits, H. V. D. Berg, E. Tabak, K. Green, H. P. Urbach, L. K. Cheng, and M. Yousefi, “Silicon on insulator photonic integrated sensors: On-chip sensing and interrogation,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Van Orden, D.

E. Marchena, T. Creazzo, S. Krasulick, P. Yu, D. Van Orden, J. Spann, C. Blivin, J. Dallesasse, P. Varangis, R. Stone, and A. Mizrahi, “Integrated tunable CMOS laser for Si photonics,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

Varangis, P.

E. Marchena, T. Creazzo, S. Krasulick, P. Yu, D. Van Orden, J. Spann, C. Blivin, J. Dallesasse, P. Varangis, R. Stone, and A. Mizrahi, “Integrated tunable CMOS laser for Si photonics,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

Velasco, L.

A. Hirano, H.-J. Schmidtke, and L. Velasco, “Will flexgrid networks be worth the investment for just 30% improvement?” presented at OFC Workshop, 2013, session number OSu1F.

Vlasov, Y.

Vujicic, V.

P. Anandarajah, R. Zhou, R. Maher, M. Gutierrez Pascual, F. Smyth, V. Vujicic, and L. Barry, “Flexible optical comb source for super channel systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

Watanabe, A.

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A.

A. Metcalf, V. Torres-Company, D. Leaird, and A. Weiner, “Stand-alone high-power broadly tunable optoelectronic frequency comb generator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

Wen, K.

X. Cai, K. Wen, R. Proietti, Y. Yin, R. Scott, C. Qin, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Experimental demonstration of adaptive combinational QoT failure restoration in flexible bandwidth networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2012.

Westerveld, W.

J. Pozo, W. Westerveld, P. J. Harmsma, S. Yang, P. Bodis, R. Nieuwland, M. Lagioia, D. M. R. L. Cascio, J. Staats, R. Schmits, H. V. D. Berg, E. Tabak, K. Green, H. P. Urbach, L. K. Cheng, and M. Yousefi, “Silicon on insulator photonic integrated sensors: On-chip sensing and interrogation,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

White, A. E.

Xia, F.

Yang, S.

J. Pozo, W. Westerveld, P. J. Harmsma, S. Yang, P. Bodis, R. Nieuwland, M. Lagioia, D. M. R. L. Cascio, J. Staats, R. Schmits, H. V. D. Berg, E. Tabak, K. Green, H. P. Urbach, L. K. Cheng, and M. Yousefi, “Silicon on insulator photonic integrated sensors: On-chip sensing and interrogation,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, “Critical coupling and its control in optical waveguide-ring resonator systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  14, no. 4, pp. 483–485, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Yin, Y.

X. Cai, K. Wen, R. Proietti, Y. Yin, R. Scott, C. Qin, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Experimental demonstration of adaptive combinational QoT failure restoration in flexible bandwidth networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2012.

Yonenaga, K.

M. Jinno, H. Takara, Y. Sone, K. Yonenaga, and A. Hirano, “Multiflow optical transponder for efficient multilayer optical networking,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 5, pp. 56–65, 2012.
[CrossRef]

H. Takara, T. Goh, K. Shibahara, K. Yonenaga, S. Kawai, and M. Jinno, “Experimental demonstration of 400  Gb/s multi-flow, multi-rate, multi-reach optical transmitter for efficient elastic spectral routing,” in 37th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2011.

Yoo, S.

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 2, pp. s12–s20, Feb. 2012.
[CrossRef]

Yoo, S. J. B.

X. Cai, K. Wen, R. Proietti, Y. Yin, R. Scott, C. Qin, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Experimental demonstration of adaptive combinational QoT failure restoration in flexible bandwidth networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2012.

Yousefi, M.

J. Pozo, W. Westerveld, P. J. Harmsma, S. Yang, P. Bodis, R. Nieuwland, M. Lagioia, D. M. R. L. Cascio, J. Staats, R. Schmits, H. V. D. Berg, E. Tabak, K. Green, H. P. Urbach, L. K. Cheng, and M. Yousefi, “Silicon on insulator photonic integrated sensors: On-chip sensing and interrogation,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Yu, P.

E. Marchena, T. Creazzo, S. Krasulick, P. Yu, D. Van Orden, J. Spann, C. Blivin, J. Dallesasse, P. Varangis, R. Stone, and A. Mizrahi, “Integrated tunable CMOS laser for Si photonics,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

Zervas, G.

Zhou, R.

P. Anandarajah, R. Zhou, R. Maher, M. Gutierrez Pascual, F. Smyth, V. Vujicic, and L. Barry, “Flexible optical comb source for super channel systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

IEEE Commun. Mag. (4)

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 2, pp. s12–s20, Feb. 2012.
[CrossRef]

N. Sambo, P. Castoldi, F. Cugini, G. Bottari, and P. Iovanna, “Toward high-rate and flexible optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 5, pp. 66–72, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, H. Takara, Y. Sone, K. Yonenaga, and A. Hirano, “Multiflow optical transponder for efficient multilayer optical networking,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 5, pp. 56–65, 2012.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

A. Mishra, R. Schmogrow, I. Tomkos, D. Hillerkuss, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Flexible RF-based comb generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 701–704, 2013.
[CrossRef]

A. Yariv, “Critical coupling and its control in optical waveguide-ring resonator systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  14, no. 4, pp. 483–485, 2002.
[CrossRef]

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A. Barbieri, D. Fertonani, and G. Colavolpe, “Time-frequency packing for linear modulations: Spectral efficiency and practical detection schemes,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  57, no. 10, pp. 2951–2959, 2009.
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Other (21)

N. Sambo, F. Cugini, G. Bottari, G. Bruno, P. Iovanna, and P. Castoldi, “Lightpath provisioning in wavelength switched optical networks with flexible grid,” in Proc. European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2011.

N. Sambo, F. Cugini, P. Bottari, G. Iovanna, and P. Castoldi, “Routing and spectrum assignment for super-channels in flex-grid optical networks,” in Proc. European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2012.

http://www.epixfab.eu/ .

R. Amatya, C. Holzwarth, M. Popovic, F. Gan, H. Smith, F. Kartner, and R. Ram, “Low power thermal tuning of second-order microring resonators,” in Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 2007.

J. Pozo, W. Westerveld, P. J. Harmsma, S. Yang, P. Bodis, R. Nieuwland, M. Lagioia, D. M. R. L. Cascio, J. Staats, R. Schmits, H. V. D. Berg, E. Tabak, K. Green, H. P. Urbach, L. K. Cheng, and M. Yousefi, “Silicon on insulator photonic integrated sensors: On-chip sensing and interrogation,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

P. Ghelfi, F. Cugini, L. Poti, A. Bogoni, P. Castoldi, R. di Muro, and B. Nayar, “Optical cross connects architecture with per-node add and drop functionality,” in Optical Fiber Communication and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2007.

P. Roorda and B. Collings, “Evolution to colorless and directionless ROADM architectures,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2008.

www.finisar.com/products/wss-roadms .

“IEEE P802.3ba 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s Ethernet Task Force,” http://www.ieee802.org/3/ba/ .

V. Ataie, B.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, and S. Radic, “Generation of 1500-tone, 120  nm-wide ultraflat frequency comb by single CW source,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

E. Marchena, T. Creazzo, S. Krasulick, P. Yu, D. Van Orden, J. Spann, C. Blivin, J. Dallesasse, P. Varangis, R. Stone, and A. Mizrahi, “Integrated tunable CMOS laser for Si photonics,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

H. Takara, T. Goh, K. Shibahara, K. Yonenaga, S. Kawai, and M. Jinno, “Experimental demonstration of 400  Gb/s multi-flow, multi-rate, multi-reach optical transmitter for efficient elastic spectral routing,” in 37th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2011.

F. Cugini, F. Paolucci, N. Sambo, L. Pot, A. D’Errico, and G. Bottari, “Reliable flexible-ROADM architecture enabling modulation format adaptation,” in 38th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2012.

X. Cai, K. Wen, R. Proietti, Y. Yin, R. Scott, C. Qin, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Experimental demonstration of adaptive combinational QoT failure restoration in flexible bandwidth networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2012.

A. Hirano, H.-J. Schmidtke, and L. Velasco, “Will flexgrid networks be worth the investment for just 30% improvement?” presented at OFC Workshop, 2013, session number OSu1F.

Draft revised G.694.1 version 1.3, Unpublished ITU-T Study Group 15, Question 6.

L. Pot, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, F. Fresi, M. Secondini, T. Foggi, G. Colavolpe, E. Forestieri, A. D’Errico, F. Cavaliere, R. Sabella, and G. Prati, “Casting 1  Tb/s DP-QPSK communication into 200  GHz bandwidth,” in Proc. European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2012.

N. Sambo, F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, M. Secondini, L. Pot, G. Berrettini, G. Meloni, F. Fresi, G. Bottari, and P. Castoldi, “Software defined code-rate-adaptive terabit/s based on time-frequency packing,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Mar. 2013.

A. Metcalf, V. Torres-Company, D. Leaird, and A. Weiner, “Stand-alone high-power broadly tunable optoelectronic frequency comb generator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

T. Ohara, M. Teshima, S. Aisawa, and M. Jinno, “OTN technology for multi-flow optical transponder in elastic 400G/1T transmission era,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2012.

P. Anandarajah, R. Zhou, R. Maher, M. Gutierrez Pascual, F. Smyth, V. Vujicic, and L. Barry, “Flexible optical comb source for super channel systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013.

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Figures (16)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Subcarriers generated by a single sliceable transponder, which are directed toward different destinations.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Example of node architecture for a low-degree node in a flex-grid network.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Add module.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Drop module.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

SBVT architecture.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Photonic integrated circuit (PIC) enabling PM-16QAM and PM-QPSK.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

SBVT architecture, when 100 GbE interfaces are connected to SBVT.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Suitable multiwavelength source for SBVT.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Multiwavelength source and carriers selected by MRRs.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Coherent receiver.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

(a) MRR filter schematic. (b) Three MRRs cascade performing subcarrier selection when N = 4 .

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

Transmission characteristic of a single MRR (through port) versus normalized frequency.

Fig. 13.
Fig. 13.

Details of transmission characteristic of a single MRR (through port) versus normalized frequency in proximity of ring resonance.

Fig. 14.
Fig. 14.

Tunability within a FSR versus temperature.

Fig. 15.
Fig. 15.

Blocking probability versus offered traffic load.

Fig. 16.
Fig. 16.

Average number of used laser versus traffic load.